Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1368
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Cukrowska B - - 1999
The aim of our study was to analyse the influence of perinatal infections and administration of antibiotics on B-cell activity in blood cell cultures of preterm infants. We studied spontaneous and Escherichia coli induced immunoglobulin (Ig) secretion in 148 infants of 24 to 36 weeks of gestation: 53 healthy infants ...
Lebech M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The best method for prevention and control of congenital toxoplasma infection is uncertain. Prenatal screening is done in Austria and France, but the effect of treatment during pregnancy is not well documented. The aim of our study was to find out the maternofetal transmission rate and outcome in infants ...
Rosenlew M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus outbreaks are known to occur in neonatal wards and enteroviruses may cause community-acquired sepsis-like disease in the neonatal period. Less well is known their possible role in suspected systemic infections during the perinatal period. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the occurrence of enterovirus infections in neonatal patients suspected of systemic ...
Kearns B - - 1999
The objective was to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, bacteriologic and therapeutic features of seven infants who developed sternal wound and mediastinal infections following palliation and/or repair procedures for congenital heart disease. A retrospective chart review was used. All infants with sternal wound and mediastinal infections were < 30 days of ...
Falcão M C - - 1999
To evaluate the efficacy of urine culture by bag specimen for the detection of neonatal urinary tract infection in full-term newborn infants. Retrospective study (1997) including full-term newborn infants having a positive urine culture (> 100,000 CFU/ml) by bag specimen collection. The urinary tract infection diagnosis was confirmed by positive ...
Jain S S Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. - - 1999
This study was designed to evaluate the spectrum of morbidity associated with perinatally acquired Chlamydia trachomatis in infants < or =12 weeks of age, and to determine its relationship to maternal Chlamydia trachomatis status. Retrospective review of maternal and infant records. Large inner city teaching hospital. A cohort of 530 ...
Nuesslein T G - - 1999
1. In order to identify potential risks for lower respiratory tract symptoms during early infancy, the concentration of cotinine was measured in meconium of 91 newborns as a parameter of prenatal exposure to tobacco, and a questionnaire was performed with parents at birth. Infants were followed up for the first ...
Tarantal A F - - 1999
9-[2-(R)-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine (PMPA) significantly inhibits viral reverse transcription and has been reported to sustain low virus load in SIV-infected rhesus monkeys. Based on these findings, studies were conducted to assess the safety, efficacy, and placental transfer of PMPA when administered once daily subcutaneously to gravid rhesus monkeys during the second and ...
Osaer S - - 1999
Trypanosome infections, packed red cell volume levels (PCV), body weight and nematode faecal egg counts of village-based small ruminants were monitored in two areas in The Gambia with either moderate or high trypanosomosis risk for 24 and 30 months respectively. Outflows from the flock and new-born animals were recorded and ...
Stirnadel H A - - 1999
To investigate the effects of host polymorphisms on malaria morbidity and infection, the frequency distributions of TNF alpha promotor gene and sickle cell trait were studied in infants in an area highly endemic for Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Tanzania. Differences in parasite prevalence, density, febrile episodes with and without parasitaemia, ...
Ranganathan S - - 1999
The proportion and trend in absolute number of pertussis notifications in young infants has increased each year in England and Wales since the accelerated immunization schedule was introduced. We report five infants all less than 3 months of age admitted with life threatening pertussis infection to two paediatric intensive care ...
Chua K B - - 1999
A provisional clinical diagnosis of exanthem subitum was made in six febrile infants seen in the Paediatric Unit of Assunta Hospital, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia with uvulo-palatoglossal junctional ulcers prior to the eruption of maculopapular rash. On follow-up, all six infants developed maculopapular rash with the subsidence of fever at the ...
Byington C L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Enteroviruses are important pathogens in infants, but their true contribution to febrile illness in infants </=90 days old is unknown. The purpose of this study was to use the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of enteroviral (EV) infection in febrile and afebrile infants </=90 days of age to ...
Andronikou S - - 1999
This is a case of an infant boy born at 28 weeks gestational age who presented on the 42nd day of life with hepatosplenomegaly, haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and atypical lymphocytes on the peripheral blood smear. He had an Epstein Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgM antibody titre of ...
Fox L M - - 1999
Infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) in infants can be congenital or perinatal. Infected infants may be asymptomatic or present with pneumonia, rash, hepatosplenomegaly, or encephalitis.1 In the presence of an immunodeficiency, severe and sometimes fatal disease may occur. To our knowledge, CMV has not been identified previously as a cause of ...
Shefer-Kaufman N - - 1999
Cranial sonography has become the main modality of the investigation and diagnosis of a wide variety of neonatal intracranial abnormalities. Occasionally, cranial sonograms reveal basal ganglia and thalami bright echoes. It is believed that these lesions are indicative of vasculitis due to intrauterine infections, in particular with cytomegalovirus (CMV). We ...
Balfour A E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To review the excretion of Salmonella enteritidis PT4 in the faeces of infants involved in a point-source outbreak in a nursery, and to relate these findings to advice given by the Outbreak Control Team (OCT). METHODS: Retrospective laboratory-based survey. RESULTS: Infection with S. enteritidis PT4 was microbiologically confirmed in ...
Campbell J R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, interventions, and molecular typing methods used during the investigation and control of concurrent outbreaks of Serratia marcescens and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU). SETTING: A 206-bed women's and infants' hospital with a 48-bed NICU. DESIGN: A 22-week, prospective, descriptive ...
Armstrong D - - 1998
Limited data in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) suggest that respiratory viral infections during infancy result in substantial morbidity. Eighty of 101 (79%) infants with CF diagnosed by neonatal screening during 1991-1996 were recruited into a prospective, multiple-birth cohort study. We aimed to perform an initial, then annual bronchoalveolar lavage ...
Gratzl R - - 1998
This study was conducted to assess the validity of performing the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on amniotic fluid for detecting fetal Toxoplasma infection. The primary endpoint was the outcome of the infant at 1 year of age. A prospective, consecutive study was performed in 49 infants born to mothers with ...
Chen B - - 1998
It is clear that there is no unequivocal indication for the use of antenatal corticosteroids in the preterm gestation with PROM. Extrapolating the effects seen in gestations with intact membranes, however, there are potential benefits in reduction of neonatal respiratory disease and intracranial hemorrhage at the expense of increased risks ...
Archibald L K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for polymicrobial bloodstream infections (BSIs) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients during an outbreak of BSIs. DESIGN: During an outbreak of BSIs, we conducted a retrospective cohort study, assessed NICU infection control practices and patient exposure to NICU healthcare workers (HCWs), and obtained cultures ...
Morita M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The clinical features of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in countries with a higher percentage of maternal seropositivity for CMV has rarely been reported. We conducted a national survey for the first time in Japan to investigate the prevalence of congenital CMV infection. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent in 1994 to ...
Witek-Janusek L - - 1998
Major advances in the management of critically ill low birth weight (LBW) infants have increased their survival. Yet the clinical course of these infants is complicated by the emergence of opportunistic microbial pathogens. Most importantly, serious infections from opportunistic fungi, such as Candida albicans, have produced systemic disease in vulnerable ...
Bobat R - - 1998
Forty-eight children with vertically transmitted HIV-1 infection and 93 uninfected infants were followed up at regular intervals from birth for a mean of 26 months. They were examined physically, growth and development were assessed and illnesses recorded. Seventy per cent of infected infants were symptomatic by 6 months. Relative risks ...
Russomando G - - 1998
In 1991 and 1992, a prenatal screening of Trypanosoma cruzi infection was carried out using ELISA and indirect immunofluorescence techniques. A total of 840 blood samples from pregnant women, obtained at the Maternity Ward of the Hospital de Clínicas, National University of Asunción (Asunción, Paraguay), and 1,022 samples from the ...
de Ocariz M M - - 1998
We report a 6-month-old girl with erythema multiforme minor occurring during the course of a herpetic whitlow. Erythema multiforme minor is unusual in infants, and in this population herpes simplex virus has not been reported as a significant etiologic factor. The clinical coexistence of erythema multiforme minor and the herpetic ...
Muyldermans G - - 1998
In our 15-bed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), four new-borns were found to be colonized or infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa within a period of one week. To identify the outbreak source, three independent studies were performed: epidemiological investigation, environmental surveillance and genotypic typing of isolates. Although epidemiological investigation by a ...
Ordi J - - 1998
Massive chronic intervillositis (MCI) is an infrequently recognized placental lesion thought to be of immunologic origin that has been associated with poor fetal outcome. It is characterized by a prominent inflammatory infiltrate in the intervillous space, composed mainly of monocytes and macrophages that can simulate a maternal malignant disorder involving ...
McDonald L C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter spp. are multidrug-resistant bacteria that grow well in water and cause infections with unexplained, increased summer prevalence. In August, 1996, eight infants acquired Acinetobacter spp. bloodstream infection (A-BSI) while in a nursery in the Bahamas; three infants died and an investigation was initiated. METHODS: A case patient was ...
Maldonado Y - - 1998
Symptomatic and asymptomatic astrovirus infection was prospectively determined in a 3-year birth cohort of Mayan infants. Stool samples from 271 infants and 268 older siblings were tested for astrovirus, adenovirus 40/41, rotavirus and Salmonella, Shigella and Campylobacter species. Concurrent diarrhea, vomiting, fever, or anorexia were noted. Astrovirus was detected in ...
Bachelard M - - 1998
PURPOSE: We studied the urodynamic pattern in infants with urinary tract infection and evaluated the influence of the infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cystometry was combined with voiding cystourethrography (video cystometry) in 90 male and 68 female infants admitted to the hospital with first time urinary tract infection. Evaluation was performed ...
Levy I - - 1998
It has recently been recognized that neonates may develop pneumonia as a result of Legionella pneumophila. The objective of this study is to characterize the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical features, and outcome of neonatal legionellosis. Review of the literature revealed nine cases of neonatal Legionella infection. Five neonates were ...
Navitsky R C - - 1998
Fecal specimens from 292 pregnant women (ages 15-40 yr) and 129 infants (ages 10-20 wk) were examined for helminth eggs by the Kato-Katz method and cultured for helminth larvae identification using a modified Harada Mori method. These specimens were collected from June 1995 through July 1996 in Sarlahi District in ...
Alanen A - - 1998
Intra-amniotic infection during pregnancy can be caused by bacteria, viruses or protozoa, Toxoplasma gondii for example. Bacterial intrauterine infections are connected with premature birth, premature rupture of fetal membranes, and infective complications of both the mother and the newborn. Viral infections and Toxoplasma gondii can cause fetal malformations and illness ...
Koch W C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To define the intrauterine viral transmission rate during primary maternal parvovirus B19 infection and identify factors that may influence this rate. METHODS: Forty-three pregnant women at two medical centers were identified with a primary B19 infection and followed to delivery. At delivery maternal and infant (umbilical cord) blood was ...
Cox M J - - 1998
Age-specific patterns of rotavirus infection were investigated using a randomly selected and representative sample of sera from a suburban community of S?o Paulo, Brazil screened for class-specific antibodies to group A rotavirus. Age-serology of anti-rotavirus IgG showed primary infection predominant in young infants with a median age of around 18 ...
Radetsky M - - 1998
Early discharge of suitable newborns is rapidly becoming a hospital standard. One concern is that truncated hospital observation of the infant during the first days of life, even with home visits or early clinical appointments, would allow early signs of a serious infection to go unnoticed, which could lead to ...
Pancharoen C - - 1998
A hospital-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital between February and May 1997 to study the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in hospitalized infants. Of 83 cases, 46 were boys and 37 girls, with the mean age of 11.87 months. The seroprevalence of CMV infection was 80.95, 61.90, ...
Murph J R - - 1998
To determine factors that influence the occurrence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, the authors surveyed prospectively 8,254 infants born in eastern Iowa between October 1989 and June 1994. The authors conducted a case-control study to identify maternal risk factors, matching each CMV-infected infant with three uninfected infants according to hospital ...
Fowler S L - - 1998
Candida lusitaniae is an increasingly important nosocomial bloodstream pathogen. Epidemiological investigation and molecular typing techniques identified three neonates infected with identical strains of C lusitaniae that were distinguished readily from epidemiologically unrelated strains from other locations in the hospital. The results of this study provide evidence for nosocomial transmission of ...
Levine M M - - 1998
AIM: To study the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal infections in infants and young children in Santiago, Chile, as a representative pediatric population in a newly industrializing country where pneumococcal conjugate vaccines may be used in the future. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective laboratory-based review (1989 to 1993) was followed by a ...
Bhanthumkosol D - - 1998
Adenovirus infections occur commonly in infants and children but are rarely fatal. Although immunosuppression has been associated recently with fatal outcome of adenovirus infections, reports of major morbidity or mortality caused by adenovirus infection in HIV positive patients are infrequent. This is the first report on fatal adenovirus infections in ...
Shah S S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In infancy Pseudomonas aeruginosa conjunctivitis may lead to a rapidly progressive invasive eye infection. In some cases this destructive eye disease is associated with or followed by infection at other sites. We observed seven hospitalized infants with P. aeruginosa conjunctivitis who developed systemic complications of P. aeruginosa infection without ...
Branch O H - - 1998
This study was aimed at delineating characteristics of naturally acquired immunity against the merozoite surface antigen-1 (MSP-1) of Plasmodium falciparum, a candidate malaria vaccine antigen. A case/control study was performed on 75 case/control pairs of infants with febrile illness at the time of the first detected infection indicating a clinical ...
Bonadio W A - - 1998
Grading patient clinical appearance using the Young Infant Observation Scale and the Yale Observation Scale can effectively classify approximately 75% of infants with a serious illness or infection as ill appearing and 95% who appear to be well as having low risk for serious illness or infection. Most children with ...
Nivin B - - 1998
We investigated an increase in cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) at a large urban facility where a prior nosocomial outbreak of MDRTB had occurred. Nosocomial transmission appeared to account for this outbreak as well, including a cluster of cases in a newborn nursery. Seven of 24 patients (29%) described in ...
Huang Y C - - 1998
During a 4-month period, 9 premature infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) developed Candida albicans fungaemia. All 9 infants received antifungal agents. Fluconazole was administered in 7 patients and successfully eradicated this organism in 6 with no adverse effects. For epidemiological investigation, 64 environmental specimens and hand-washings ...
Vochem M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of virus excretion through breast milk and the incidence and significance of postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission from mothers to premature infants. DESIGN: Prospective study of mother-child pairs after preterm delivery before 32 weeks or birth weight < 1500 g. Exclusion of donor breast milk and ...
Moisiuk S E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Of the four serotypes of human parainfluenza virus, parainfluenza type 3 causes the majority of infections in young children and infants. Parainfluenza type 3 can occur in newborns, although most are born with neutralizing antibodies. There have been only infrequent reports of parainfluenza type 3 causing nosocomial respiratory infection ...
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