Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1337
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Bachelard M - - 1998
PURPOSE: We studied the urodynamic pattern in infants with urinary tract infection and evaluated the influence of the infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cystometry was combined with voiding cystourethrography (video cystometry) in 90 male and 68 female infants admitted to the hospital with first time urinary tract infection. Evaluation was performed ...
Levy I - - 1998
It has recently been recognized that neonates may develop pneumonia as a result of Legionella pneumophila. The objective of this study is to characterize the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical features, and outcome of neonatal legionellosis. Review of the literature revealed nine cases of neonatal Legionella infection. Five neonates were ...
Navitsky R C - - 1998
Fecal specimens from 292 pregnant women (ages 15-40 yr) and 129 infants (ages 10-20 wk) were examined for helminth eggs by the Kato-Katz method and cultured for helminth larvae identification using a modified Harada Mori method. These specimens were collected from June 1995 through July 1996 in Sarlahi District in ...
Alanen A - - 1998
Intra-amniotic infection during pregnancy can be caused by bacteria, viruses or protozoa, Toxoplasma gondii for example. Bacterial intrauterine infections are connected with premature birth, premature rupture of fetal membranes, and infective complications of both the mother and the newborn. Viral infections and Toxoplasma gondii can cause fetal malformations and illness ...
Koch W C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To define the intrauterine viral transmission rate during primary maternal parvovirus B19 infection and identify factors that may influence this rate. METHODS: Forty-three pregnant women at two medical centers were identified with a primary B19 infection and followed to delivery. At delivery maternal and infant (umbilical cord) blood was ...
Cox M J - - 1998
Age-specific patterns of rotavirus infection were investigated using a randomly selected and representative sample of sera from a suburban community of S?o Paulo, Brazil screened for class-specific antibodies to group A rotavirus. Age-serology of anti-rotavirus IgG showed primary infection predominant in young infants with a median age of around 18 ...
Radetsky M - - 1998
Early discharge of suitable newborns is rapidly becoming a hospital standard. One concern is that truncated hospital observation of the infant during the first days of life, even with home visits or early clinical appointments, would allow early signs of a serious infection to go unnoticed, which could lead to ...
Pancharoen C - - 1998
A hospital-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital between February and May 1997 to study the seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in hospitalized infants. Of 83 cases, 46 were boys and 37 girls, with the mean age of 11.87 months. The seroprevalence of CMV infection was 80.95, 61.90, ...
Murph J R - - 1998
To determine factors that influence the occurrence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, the authors surveyed prospectively 8,254 infants born in eastern Iowa between October 1989 and June 1994. The authors conducted a case-control study to identify maternal risk factors, matching each CMV-infected infant with three uninfected infants according to hospital ...
Fowler S L - - 1998
Candida lusitaniae is an increasingly important nosocomial bloodstream pathogen. Epidemiological investigation and molecular typing techniques identified three neonates infected with identical strains of C lusitaniae that were distinguished readily from epidemiologically unrelated strains from other locations in the hospital. The results of this study provide evidence for nosocomial transmission of ...
Levine M M - - 1998
AIM: To study the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal infections in infants and young children in Santiago, Chile, as a representative pediatric population in a newly industrializing country where pneumococcal conjugate vaccines may be used in the future. METHODS: A 5-year retrospective laboratory-based review (1989 to 1993) was followed by a ...
Bhanthumkosol D - - 1998
Adenovirus infections occur commonly in infants and children but are rarely fatal. Although immunosuppression has been associated recently with fatal outcome of adenovirus infections, reports of major morbidity or mortality caused by adenovirus infection in HIV positive patients are infrequent. This is the first report on fatal adenovirus infections in ...
Shah S S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: In infancy Pseudomonas aeruginosa conjunctivitis may lead to a rapidly progressive invasive eye infection. In some cases this destructive eye disease is associated with or followed by infection at other sites. We observed seven hospitalized infants with P. aeruginosa conjunctivitis who developed systemic complications of P. aeruginosa infection without ...
Branch O H - - 1998
This study was aimed at delineating characteristics of naturally acquired immunity against the merozoite surface antigen-1 (MSP-1) of Plasmodium falciparum, a candidate malaria vaccine antigen. A case/control study was performed on 75 case/control pairs of infants with febrile illness at the time of the first detected infection indicating a clinical ...
Bonadio W A - - 1998
Grading patient clinical appearance using the Young Infant Observation Scale and the Yale Observation Scale can effectively classify approximately 75% of infants with a serious illness or infection as ill appearing and 95% who appear to be well as having low risk for serious illness or infection. Most children with ...
Nivin B - - 1998
We investigated an increase in cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) at a large urban facility where a prior nosocomial outbreak of MDRTB had occurred. Nosocomial transmission appeared to account for this outbreak as well, including a cluster of cases in a newborn nursery. Seven of 24 patients (29%) described in ...
Huang Y C - - 1998
During a 4-month period, 9 premature infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) developed Candida albicans fungaemia. All 9 infants received antifungal agents. Fluconazole was administered in 7 patients and successfully eradicated this organism in 6 with no adverse effects. For epidemiological investigation, 64 environmental specimens and hand-washings ...
Vochem M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of virus excretion through breast milk and the incidence and significance of postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission from mothers to premature infants. DESIGN: Prospective study of mother-child pairs after preterm delivery before 32 weeks or birth weight < 1500 g. Exclusion of donor breast milk and ...
Moisiuk S E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Of the four serotypes of human parainfluenza virus, parainfluenza type 3 causes the majority of infections in young children and infants. Parainfluenza type 3 can occur in newborns, although most are born with neutralizing antibodies. There have been only infrequent reports of parainfluenza type 3 causing nosocomial respiratory infection ...
Cason J - - 1998
There is now compelling evidence that persistent infection with certain types of human genital papillomaviruses (HPV) may, after many years, lead to cervical cancer. However, HPV have been detected in asymptomatic women, infants and children. Several studies have demonstrated that infants can acquire high-risk HPV infections from their mothers at ...
Hansson S - - 1998
We analyzed the number of colony-forming units in urine cultures obtained by suprapubic aspiration in a group of 366 unselected infants with symptomatic urinary tract infection to relate these findings to factors such as pyuria and vesicoureteric reflux. Seventy-three (20%) of 366 infants had fewer than 100,000 colony-forming units per ...
Pustowoit B - - 1998
In an attempt to define diagnostic criteria that may help to distinguish the congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) from subclinical intrauterine rubella virus (RV) infection, maternal and fetal serum samples were analyzed using (1) enzyme immunoassay employing RV synthetic peptides as antigen, (2) IgG avidity assay, and (3) immunoblot under nonreducing ...
Ruiz-Diez B - - 1997
Nosocomial neonatal candidiasis is a major problem in infants requiring intensive therapy. The subjects of this retrospective study were nine preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Hospital Central de Asturias between March 1993 and August 1994. The infants were infected with or colonized by Candida ...
Sakuma T - - 1997
Reports on the symptoms of infant influenza (less than 1 year of age) are very few. From 1989 to 1996, 105 infants with influenza were examined. The symptoms, nutrition and source of infection of the 105 patients were investigated in Sakuma Pediatric Clinic and viral studies were performed at the ...
Le Hesran J Y - - 1997
In areas endemic for malaria, pregnant women frequently present with a placenta that has been parasitized by Plasmodium falciparum, an infection associated with a reduction in the birth weight of the offspring. However, the impact of placental infection on malaria-related morbidity during the infant's first years of life has not ...
Allen S R - - 1997
The evaluation of the potentially septic newborn is often a source of frustration for practitioners. In the past, it has often been standard practice to evaluate and treat empirically all neonates whose mothers received antibiotics during labor, regardless of whether the infant had any signs or symptoms suggestive of infection. ...
Glezen W P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Universal immunization of children with live attenuated cold recombinant vaccine has been proposed. The renewed recommendation for maternal immunization with influenza vaccine should increase the amount of antibody transmitted to the infant and postpone the need for active immunization. This study examines the risk of influenza during the first ...
Hartyánszky I L - - 1997
Infective endocarditis is a rare disease in infants. A 1-year-old boy with a large Candida albicans vegetation in the right atrium and superior vena cava was operated on successfully. During the newborn period he had had a right transverse colostomy for Hirschsprung's disease. Ten months later a subsequent rectosigmoidectomy and ...
Reyes C - - 1997
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Up to 2.5% of newborn infants are cytomegalovirus (CMV) positive at birth. Five percent will be symptomatic at birth, including cytomegalic inclusion disease. Symptoms such as hearing loss and mental retardation will ultimately develop in 15%. METHODS: The authors describe a case of CMV enteritis in a 2.2-kg newborn ...
Richter D D University of Ulm, Department of Paediatrics, - - 1997
A 4-month-old boy with prenatally diagnosed Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome became ill with a severe cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, the outcome of which was fatal. The parents had isolated the infant from other children and adhered to standards of hygiene in order to avoid CMV infection because their first child had died of ...
Allen S R - - 1997
The evaluation of the potentially septic newborn is often a source of frustration for practitioners. In the past, it has often been standard practice to evaluate and treat empirically all neonates whose mothers received antibiotics during labor, regardless of whether the infant had any signs or symptoms suggestive of infection. ...
Thomas S L - - 1997
Data on patterns of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and antibody test results in infants born to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected mothers were systematically reviewed to aid development of optimum testing schedules and diagnostic criteria for vertically exposed infants and to facilitate early identification of infected infants. Survival and cross-sectional analyses ...
Archibald L K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors for Serratia marcescens infection or colonization, and to identify the source of the pathogen and factors facilitating its persistence in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) during an outbreak. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study; review of NICU infection control policies, soap use, and handwashing practices among healthcare ...
Mastrobattista J M - - 1997
Citrobacter species have rarely been described as-etiological factors of intraamniotic infections. Citrobacter is not a normal inhabitant of the female genital tract. Vertical transmission of Citrobacter from mother to fetus has rarely been reported. A 21-year-old primigravida presented to labor and delivery at 40 6/7 weeks' gestation complaining of ruptured ...
Wainer S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Standard neonatal systemic antifungal therapy with amphotericin B and flucytosine can be associated with toxicity, drug resistance and the need for prolonged venous access. There is consequently a need for alternative treatment options. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of fluconazole in the treatment of systemic neonatal fungal ...
Wright R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of intrauterine infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus, an uncommonly recognized cause of congenital viral infection. PATIENTS: Three infants born in the midwestern United States in 1994 and 1995 with clinical features and serologic studies consistent with congenital LCM virus infection and cases of ...
Diosi P - - 1997
During the past 30 years prospective epidemiologic studies have clearly established that infants commonly acquire CMV infection in the immediate perinatal or early postnatal period. CMV reaches the offspring with uterine cervical secretions during the birth process and/or with maternal milk during the breast-feeding period, usually resulting in asymptomatic infection ...
Román M - - 1997
Viral infections have been associated with cellular immune responses and production of Th-1 cytokines. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), however, induces virus-specific IgE, which might be a consequence of a Th-2-like activation. To test this hypothesis we quantified interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) in the supernatant of peripheral blood mononuclear cells ...
Blau E B - - 1997
A woman with a renal transplant developed a systemic cytomegalovirus infection. She recovered and 3 years later she became pregnant. She had 3 days of fever in the first trimester. She delivered an infant severely affected with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. The incidence of symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection in infants born ...
van Ogtrop M L - - 1997
An outbreak of colonization and infection with Serratia marcescens occurred in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). S. marcescens was isolated from five preterm infants (gestational age 25-30 weeks). Two infants developed septicaemia, which were both fatal, and one infant (the presumed index case) had conjunctivitis due to S. marcescens. ...
Espinoza F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is an important cause of dehydrating diarrhea in young children throughout the world. Knowledge about frequency of reinfections, development of immunity to the virus and the possible protective effect of breast milk is important, in particular in relation to possible strategies for immunization. METHODS: A prospective study of ...
Ratelle S - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: An increase in the numbers of babies reported with Chlamydia trachomatis infections in Massachusetts prompted a review of the medical records of both infants and mothers to evaluate the clinical presentation, the maternal epidemiologic profile, risks of transmission, and the screening practices of health care providers. METHODS: Medical records ...
Pawa A K - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for neonatal nosocomial infections. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care Teaching Hospital. METHODS: Hospital born neonates transferred to the neonatal unit after birth and available in the unit 48 hours later comprised the cohort for the surveillance. Detailed maternal, intrapartum and neonatal ...
Egbert J E - - 1997
PURPOSE: To show the association between conjunctival papillomas present during infancy and maternal infection with human papillomavirus. METHOD: Case report of conjunctival papillomas occurring in an infant born to a mother with a human papillomavirus infection of the vulva during pregnancy. RESULT: The infant developed conjunctival papillomas caused by human ...
Austgulen R - - 1997
All newborn infants consecutively admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at the University Hospital of Trondheim during 1993 were eligible to participate in the study. In total, 241 neonates were included, for whom anamnestic, clinical and laboratory characteristics were recorded. Peripheral blood was retrieved at admittance, and serum ...
Ballal M - - 1997
This study includes a total of 342 infants suspected of having congenital infections from January 1991-December 1993. Serum samples of these infants were tested for rubella specific IgM antibodies by mu ELISA. Of the total 342 infants, 52 (15.2%) were found to be positive for IgM antibodies to rubella virus. ...
Herbst A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine 1. whether maternal fever during term labour is associated with acidaemia at birth and neonatal infection and 2. whether fetal tachycardia precedes maternal fever and is associated with neonatal infection. DESIGN: Retrospective matched-pair case-control study. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and forty-eight newborn infants whose mothers developed fever during ...
Hammerschlag M R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common identifiable infectious cause of neonatal conjunctivitis. Nonculture tests including enzyme immunoassays and direct fluorescent antibody tests have been shown to perform well for the diagnosis of chlamydial conjunctivitis with sensitivities and specificities > or = 90%. However, the performance with respiratory specimens has ...
Phillips J R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical features of Candida species in hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) in a neonatal intensive care unit. DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted of hospital-acquired UTI occurring in infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between January 1, 1989, and June 30, 1995. ...
Virkola K - - 1997
A total of 44 181 serum samples from 16 733 pregnant women were analyzed for findings suggesting primary Toxoplasma infection. Thirty-seven newborns exposed to maternal primary Toxoplasma infection in utero were studied prospectively with ultrasound, CT, and MRI for signs of intrauterine infection. Their mothers had been treated during pregnancy, ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >