Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1354
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Leung T F - - 2000
The case of a term infant with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection who developed Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) at 4 months of age is reported. Our patient suffered from severe malnutrition and zinc deficiency secondary to necrotizing enterocolitis since the age of 2 months. There was no evidence of human immunodeficiency ...
Fu Y C - - 2000
The principal viruses implicated in pericarditis are enteroviruses. Cytomegalovirus pericarditis is quite rare and has been reported in immunocompromised patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, malignant neoplasm or organ transplantation. We report a three-month-old male infant who suffered from cough and rhinorrhea for two weeks. He developed shortness of breath for ...
Jantunen M E - - 2000
P-fimbrial genotypes of Escherichia coli strains and their possible association with urinary tract abnormalities were studied in infants with pyelonephritis. A total of 153 urinary E. coli strains were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction for class I, II, and III alleles of the pyelonephritis-associated adhesin gene papG. Strains with any ...
Santos D V - - 2000
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common congenital infection, affecting 0.4% to 2.3% newborns. Most of them are asymptomatic at birth, but later 10% develop handicaps, mainly neurological disturbances. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of CMV shed in urine of newborns from a neonatal intensive care unit using ...
Allen S E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a second intramuscular injection of ceftriaxone was necessary in febrile infants who meet low-risk criteria for outpatient therapy. SETTING: Children's Hospital Emergency Department. PATIENTS: Febrile infants 4-8 weeks of age. METHODS: Outpatient treatment criteria included non-toxic appearance, no identifiable source for infection on physical examination, CSF ...
Blanco S B - - 2000
We designed a set of procedures for first-line local health services to detect and treat the congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi at a province-wide scale, and field-tested the programme in the province of Tucumán, northwestern Argentina, from 1992 to 1994. The programme consists of routine screening of pregnant women for ...
Lin D S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of standard and hemocytometer white blood cell (WBC) counts and urinalyses for predicting urinary tract infection (UTI) in febrile infants. METHODS: Enrolled were 230 febrile infants < 12 months of age. All urine specimens were obtained by suprapubic bladder aspiration and microscopically analyzed by the ...
Nilsen F - - 2000
Molecular data have proved useful in the study of microsporidia phylogeny. Previous studies have shown that there are several important differences between phylogenies based on rRNA and morphological data. In the present study, small subunit (SSU) rDNA sequences were obtained from 7 different fish-infecting microsporidia from 4 different genera (Glugea ...
Villanueva M E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of hearing loss and mental retardation throughout the world. Detection of the CMV DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) offers a sensitive, rapid, and specific means of identification. Meconium, the stool formed in utero, may be an ideal specimen for CMV ...
André P - - 2000
The objective of this paper is to study the characteristics of maternal-fetal staphyloccocal infection. A retrospective study among 1,582 infants admitted consecutively to our neonatal intensive care unit was carried out from January 1995 through September 1998. The antenatal history, and the clinical and bacteriological findings and outcome of the ...
Paul M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of congenital toxoplasmosis at birth in the Poznań region of Poland, the value of the serologic examination of filter paper blood specimens collected from newborns for the diagnosis of congenital Toxoplasma infection and the duration of anti-Toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies ...
Khan N A - - 2000
Many infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are screened for TORCH infections. The yield and costs of such a practice may not be justifiable. Medical charts of infants with IUGR who had a workup for toxoplasmosis, other (infections), rubella, cytomegalovirus (infection), and herpes (simplex) (titer) (TORCH) infections were reviewed for ...
Leviton A - - 1999
Echolucent images (EL) of cerebral white matter, seen on cranial ultrasonographic scans of very low birth weight newborns, predict motor and cognitive limitations. We tested the hypothesis that markers of maternal and feto-placental infection were associated with risks of both early (diagnosed at a median age of 7 d) and ...
Nouvellon M - - 1999
During a 2-week period, three infants with a cough lasting at least 8 days with whoops, were admitted to the pediatric unit; Bordetella pertussis was isolated from nasopharyngeal aspirates collected from the three infants. Approximately 1 week later, a nurse working on the same unit developed influenza-like symptoms followed by ...
Stoll B J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Infection is a major complication of preterm infants, resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. We recently reported the results of a multicenter trial of dexamethasone initiated at 14 or 28 days in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants who were at risk for chronic lung disease; the results showed ...
Mulholland E K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in infant mortality rates in many developing countries including The Gambia, neonatal mortality remains high and many neonatal deaths are caused by infection. The study described in this paper was conducted to determine the bacterial and viral etiology of serious infections in Gambian infants younger than 91 ...
Gatchalian S R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Pneumonia, meningitis and other serious infections are leading causes of death in developing countries. As part of a multicenter study we aimed to determine the etiology of pneumonia, meningitis and other serious infections in a cohort of Filipino infants ages 90 days or younger. METHOD: During a 2-year period, ...
Muhe L - - 1999
Within a multicenter study coordinated by WHO, an investigation of the etiologic agents of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis was performed among infants younger than 3 months of age seen at the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital in Addis Ababa for a period of 2 years. Of the 816 infants enrolled 405 had ...
Revello M G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection relies on virus isolation from urine collected in the first 3 weeks of life. However, very little is known about the presence, levels and duration of HCMV pp65 antigenemia, viremia and DNAemia in congenitally infected newborns. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic and ...
Robert-Gangneux F - - 1999
We reviewed the files of 110 women with Toxoplasma seroconversion during pregnancy. Prenatal diagnosis was attempted for 94 women by amniotic fluid sampling. Toxoplasma gondii was detected by PCR, with or without tissue culture and mouse inoculation. The early neonatal diagnostic procedure included placental testing by PCR and/or mouse inoculation, ...
Sabatino G - - 1999
Leukocyte adhesion defect (LAD) is an inherited disorder of phagocytic function. The three different alpha-chains of the leukocyte integrin family (CD 11a, 11b, 11c) are all dependent on the common beta chain (CD18) for proper insertion into the cell membrane. Deficiency of CD 18 thus causes an inability to express ...
Robert-Gangneux F - - 1999
The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the performance of a Western blot assay to compare mother and newborn anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies for the early neonatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. Since specific anti-Toxoplasma IgM or IgA is detected inconstantly at birth in the neonate, the diagnosis of congenital ...
Harbarth S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of infections due to Enterobacter cloacae. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) from December 1996 to January 1997; environmental and laboratory investigations. SUBJECTS: 60 infants hospitalized in the NICU during the outbreak ...
Franz A R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate procalcitonin (PCT) as a test for early diagnosis of bacterial infections (BI) in newborn infants and to compare the results of PCT with those of interleukin 8 (IL-8), C-reactive protein (CRP) and differential white blood cell count. STUDY DESIGN: PCT was prospectively measured along with IL-8, CRP ...
Forsyth K D - - 1999
Infancy is a time of unparalleled infection exposure. Coming from the privilege of the uterus, the newborn infant must make appropriate immune responses following infection that eliminates the infection but protects the host. There is evidence that in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) subjects there is a background of recent ...
Ortega-Mora L M - - 1999
In sheep farms, oocyst shedding by asymptomatic adult carriers is one of the mechanisms which may explain maintenance of infections by Cryptosporidium parvum between lambing periods. The objective of this work was to investigate this hypothesis and the existence of a periparturient rise in oocyst shedding. Fourteen pregnant sheep were ...
Kovacs A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been implicated as a cofactor in the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease. We assessed 440 infants (75 of whom were HIV-1-infected and 365 of whom were not) who had known CMV status and were born to HIV-1-infected women and who ...
Kimura H - - 1999
Four male infants with early neonatal infection caused by coxsackievirus B3 (presumed in one case) exhibited severe thrombocytopenia and liver dysfunction at presentation. The three infants who were administered human normal immunoglobulin within 3 days of disease onset survived, while the fourth infant, who received the preparation 6 days after ...
Rotstein D S - - 1999
Cytauxzoon felis is a long-recognized hemoparasite of free-ranging Florida panthers (Puma concolor coryi), but its prevalence and effect on the population has not been assessed. Red blood cell indices and white blood cell counts were compared between infected and noninfected Florida panthers and Texas cougars (Puma concolor stanleyana) from 1983-1997 ...
Long K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of dietary risk factors on patterns of infection by heat labile toxin-producing Escherichia coli (LT-ETEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight infants were followed from birth for one year in Guadalajara, Mexico, beginning in august of 1986. Stool and breast milk samples were collected weekly from infants and ...
Ng W - - 1999
An outbreak of parainfluenza virus type 3 infection that occurred in a special neonatal care unit is described. Birth weights of affected infants ranged from 1860 to 2080 g and gestational ages were between 28 and 32 weeks. Three infants presented with recurrent episodes of apnoea associated with oxygen desaturations ...
Gutierrez K M - - 1999
Comprehensive hospital discharge data completed by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development was used to determine whether the proportion of infants </=6 weeks of age who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection changed between 1985 and 1995. During 1985, 1990, and 1995, ...
Fjaertoft G - - 1999
The high affinity Fcgamma-receptor I (FcgammaRI, CD64) is normally expressed only to a very low extent by neutrophils. During bacterial infections, however, neutrophils from adult patients significantly increase their expression of FcgammaRI. Stimulation through FcgammaRI is a highly effective way to improve various aspects of neutrophil function, including phagocytosis. In ...
Lawrence R A - - 1999
There are many benefits to the infant to be breastfed and to the mother to breastfeed. There are, however, a few conditions where the tremendous benefit may be outweighed by maternal infection, disease, drugs, or contaminants as these are rare. HIV is the only infection that is an absolute contraindication ...
Hokama T - - 1999
Most bacterial infections are caused by organisms that have already colonized the host. Bacterial attachment to pharyngeal cells and proliferation may be necessary to infect the lower respiratory tract or middle ear. We investigated the incidence of pathogenic bacteria isolated from the throat of healthy infants with different feeding methods. ...
Khaneja M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a case in which an extremely low birth weight infant with multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infection was successfully treated with ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. STUDY DESIGN: A clinical case report of a neonate who received broad spectrum antibiotics for possible infection despite negative cultures. The infant developed sepsis ...
Cukrowska B - - 1999
The aim of our study was to analyse the influence of perinatal infections and administration of antibiotics on B-cell activity in blood cell cultures of preterm infants. We studied spontaneous and Escherichia coli induced immunoglobulin (Ig) secretion in 148 infants of 24 to 36 weeks of gestation: 53 healthy infants ...
Lebech M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The best method for prevention and control of congenital toxoplasma infection is uncertain. Prenatal screening is done in Austria and France, but the effect of treatment during pregnancy is not well documented. The aim of our study was to find out the maternofetal transmission rate and outcome in infants ...
Rosenlew M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus outbreaks are known to occur in neonatal wards and enteroviruses may cause community-acquired sepsis-like disease in the neonatal period. Less well is known their possible role in suspected systemic infections during the perinatal period. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the occurrence of enterovirus infections in neonatal patients suspected of systemic ...
Kearns B - - 1999
The objective was to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, bacteriologic and therapeutic features of seven infants who developed sternal wound and mediastinal infections following palliation and/or repair procedures for congenital heart disease. A retrospective chart review was used. All infants with sternal wound and mediastinal infections were < 30 days of ...
Falcão M C - - 1999
To evaluate the efficacy of urine culture by bag specimen for the detection of neonatal urinary tract infection in full-term newborn infants. Retrospective study (1997) including full-term newborn infants having a positive urine culture (> 100,000 CFU/ml) by bag specimen collection. The urinary tract infection diagnosis was confirmed by positive ...
Jain S S Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA. - - 1999
This study was designed to evaluate the spectrum of morbidity associated with perinatally acquired Chlamydia trachomatis in infants < or =12 weeks of age, and to determine its relationship to maternal Chlamydia trachomatis status. Retrospective review of maternal and infant records. Large inner city teaching hospital. A cohort of 530 ...
Nuesslein T G - - 1999
1. In order to identify potential risks for lower respiratory tract symptoms during early infancy, the concentration of cotinine was measured in meconium of 91 newborns as a parameter of prenatal exposure to tobacco, and a questionnaire was performed with parents at birth. Infants were followed up for the first ...
Tarantal A F - - 1999
9-[2-(R)-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine (PMPA) significantly inhibits viral reverse transcription and has been reported to sustain low virus load in SIV-infected rhesus monkeys. Based on these findings, studies were conducted to assess the safety, efficacy, and placental transfer of PMPA when administered once daily subcutaneously to gravid rhesus monkeys during the second and ...
Osaer S - - 1999
Trypanosome infections, packed red cell volume levels (PCV), body weight and nematode faecal egg counts of village-based small ruminants were monitored in two areas in The Gambia with either moderate or high trypanosomosis risk for 24 and 30 months respectively. Outflows from the flock and new-born animals were recorded and ...
Stirnadel H A - - 1999
To investigate the effects of host polymorphisms on malaria morbidity and infection, the frequency distributions of TNF alpha promotor gene and sickle cell trait were studied in infants in an area highly endemic for Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Tanzania. Differences in parasite prevalence, density, febrile episodes with and without parasitaemia, ...
Ranganathan S - - 1999
The proportion and trend in absolute number of pertussis notifications in young infants has increased each year in England and Wales since the accelerated immunization schedule was introduced. We report five infants all less than 3 months of age admitted with life threatening pertussis infection to two paediatric intensive care ...
Chua K B - - 1999
A provisional clinical diagnosis of exanthem subitum was made in six febrile infants seen in the Paediatric Unit of Assunta Hospital, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia with uvulo-palatoglossal junctional ulcers prior to the eruption of maculopapular rash. On follow-up, all six infants developed maculopapular rash with the subsidence of fever at the ...
Byington C L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Enteroviruses are important pathogens in infants, but their true contribution to febrile illness in infants </=90 days old is unknown. The purpose of this study was to use the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of enteroviral (EV) infection in febrile and afebrile infants </=90 days of age to ...
Andronikou S - - 1999
This is a case of an infant boy born at 28 weeks gestational age who presented on the 42nd day of life with hepatosplenomegaly, haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and atypical lymphocytes on the peripheral blood smear. He had an Epstein Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgM antibody titre of ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >