Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1368
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Sauerbrei A - - 2000
Maternal varicella during the first two trimesters of pregnancy may cause the congenital varicella syndrome (CVS). After infection in the first 20 weeks' gestation, the incidence is estimated to be about 2%. To date, nearly 100 infants born with signs of CVS have been reported in the literature, more than ...
Erden A - - 2000
The presence of fungus balls within the collecting system is an important clue to the radiological diagnosis of genitourinary candidiasis. In this report, an 8-month-old infant with this opportunistic infection is described. Emphasis is placed on the radiological findings of renal candidiasis, including previously unreported MR appearances. Sonographic and Doppler ...
Smith V V - - 2000
We report two infants with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and rectal bleeding due to cytomegalovirus (CMV) ileitis and colitis with minimal focal mucosal ulceration but with extensive leiomyolysis of the muscularis propria. Immunostaining and in situ hybridization for CMV showed numerous viral inclusions in the myocytes of the muscularis ...
Ollikainen J - - 2000
To explore the association of perinatal Ureaplasma urealyticum infection and the need for hospital care during infancy, a cohort of preterm infants were prospectively followed for 12 months. Perinatal U. urealyticum infection was defined as the presence of U. urealyticum in the samples obtained from the trachea and blood. During ...
Gross U - - 2000
Early diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis is rendered difficult when specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) and/or IgA antibodies are absent in the blood of the newborn infant. Since maternal IgG antibodies can cross the placenta, determination of IgG antibodies in newborn infants has hitherto not been used routinely for the diagnosis of ...
Yamanishi Koichi - - 2000
First isolated in 1986 from patients with lymphoproliferative disorders, human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a B-herpesvirus with two variants: HHV-6A and HHV-6B. HHV-6B is the major causal pathogen of exanthem subitum, a predominantly benign exanthematous disease of infants with occasional complications in the central nervous system. Infection with HHV-6 is ...
Riley E M - - 2000
Maternally derived antibodies are believed to protect infants against infection, but there is little direct evidence for a protective role of passively acquired antibodies against malaria. A longitudinal study of malaria infection in 143 infants was conducted in a region of southern Ghana where Plasmodium falciparum is endemic. Infants born ...
Takami T - - 2000
A hospital-acquired outbreak with febrile illness and/or rash occurred in our neonatal special care nursery (SCN) from September 1995 to September 1996. A total of 23 infants developed symptoms. We could not detect the etiological agents by routine virus isolation. In a retrospective study, however, enterovirus RNA was detected by ...
Cunningham J A - - 2000
Six weeks after receiving BCG vaccination, a Canadian aboriginal infant presented with suspected sepsis, lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. Lymph node biopsy revealed macrophages filled with acid-fast bacilli. Mycobacterium bovis was cultured from tissue specimens and there was evidence of concomitant cytomegalovirus disease. The infant died of disseminated BCG infection. A novel ...
Nishio O - - 2000
Rotavirus was examined from diarrheal stool samples of 158 infants in rural area near Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, from 1994 to 1996. Group A rotavirus was detected in 50%. G1 and G4 were the predominant serotypes. G3 was not detected. The most predominant type changed from year to year. ...
Bromberger P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The use of intrapartum antibiotics to prevent early-onset group B streptococcal (EOGBS) infection has left pediatricians in a quandary about the appropriate evaluation and treatment of infants at risk for this infection. The aim of this study was to determine whether intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis changed the constellation and timing ...
Sato Y - - 2000
A 4-month-old male infant manifested diarrhea and Salmonella Virchow was isolated from his stool. The pathogen was repeatedly isolated from the infant over one month despite three regimens of treatment with antibiotics, to which the isolate was sensitive. Three household dogs were kept in his home and S. Virchow was ...
Rieger-Fackeldey E - - 2000
We present two premature infants with disseminated neonatal adenovirus infection, whose epidemiology, clinical course and outcome differ to a great extent. The first infant, born vaginally at 35 weeks gestational age after premature rupture of membranes and maternal illness, developed pneumonia, hepatitis and coagulopathy and died of circulatory failure at ...
Kao H T - - 2000
Influenza A virus causes a variety of respiratory and nonrespiratory illness in children. The symptomatology varies with different age groups. The purpose of this retrospective study was to define the clinical characteristics of influenza A infection in Taiwanese infants. During the period from December 1997 to February 1998, 37 febrile ...
Leung T F - - 2000
The case of a term infant with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection who developed Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) at 4 months of age is reported. Our patient suffered from severe malnutrition and zinc deficiency secondary to necrotizing enterocolitis since the age of 2 months. There was no evidence of human immunodeficiency ...
Fu Y C - - 2000
The principal viruses implicated in pericarditis are enteroviruses. Cytomegalovirus pericarditis is quite rare and has been reported in immunocompromised patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, malignant neoplasm or organ transplantation. We report a three-month-old male infant who suffered from cough and rhinorrhea for two weeks. He developed shortness of breath for ...
Jantunen M E - - 2000
P-fimbrial genotypes of Escherichia coli strains and their possible association with urinary tract abnormalities were studied in infants with pyelonephritis. A total of 153 urinary E. coli strains were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction for class I, II, and III alleles of the pyelonephritis-associated adhesin gene papG. Strains with any ...
Santos D V - - 2000
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common congenital infection, affecting 0.4% to 2.3% newborns. Most of them are asymptomatic at birth, but later 10% develop handicaps, mainly neurological disturbances. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of CMV shed in urine of newborns from a neonatal intensive care unit using ...
Allen S E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a second intramuscular injection of ceftriaxone was necessary in febrile infants who meet low-risk criteria for outpatient therapy. SETTING: Children's Hospital Emergency Department. PATIENTS: Febrile infants 4-8 weeks of age. METHODS: Outpatient treatment criteria included non-toxic appearance, no identifiable source for infection on physical examination, CSF ...
Blanco S B - - 2000
We designed a set of procedures for first-line local health services to detect and treat the congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi at a province-wide scale, and field-tested the programme in the province of Tucumán, northwestern Argentina, from 1992 to 1994. The programme consists of routine screening of pregnant women for ...
Lin D S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of standard and hemocytometer white blood cell (WBC) counts and urinalyses for predicting urinary tract infection (UTI) in febrile infants. METHODS: Enrolled were 230 febrile infants < 12 months of age. All urine specimens were obtained by suprapubic bladder aspiration and microscopically analyzed by the ...
Nilsen F - - 2000
Molecular data have proved useful in the study of microsporidia phylogeny. Previous studies have shown that there are several important differences between phylogenies based on rRNA and morphological data. In the present study, small subunit (SSU) rDNA sequences were obtained from 7 different fish-infecting microsporidia from 4 different genera (Glugea ...
Villanueva M E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of hearing loss and mental retardation throughout the world. Detection of the CMV DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) offers a sensitive, rapid, and specific means of identification. Meconium, the stool formed in utero, may be an ideal specimen for CMV ...
André P - - 2000
The objective of this paper is to study the characteristics of maternal-fetal staphyloccocal infection. A retrospective study among 1,582 infants admitted consecutively to our neonatal intensive care unit was carried out from January 1995 through September 1998. The antenatal history, and the clinical and bacteriological findings and outcome of the ...
Paul M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of congenital toxoplasmosis at birth in the Poznań region of Poland, the value of the serologic examination of filter paper blood specimens collected from newborns for the diagnosis of congenital Toxoplasma infection and the duration of anti-Toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies ...
Khan N A - - 2000
Many infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are screened for TORCH infections. The yield and costs of such a practice may not be justifiable. Medical charts of infants with IUGR who had a workup for toxoplasmosis, other (infections), rubella, cytomegalovirus (infection), and herpes (simplex) (titer) (TORCH) infections were reviewed for ...
Leviton A - - 1999
Echolucent images (EL) of cerebral white matter, seen on cranial ultrasonographic scans of very low birth weight newborns, predict motor and cognitive limitations. We tested the hypothesis that markers of maternal and feto-placental infection were associated with risks of both early (diagnosed at a median age of 7 d) and ...
Nouvellon M - - 1999
During a 2-week period, three infants with a cough lasting at least 8 days with whoops, were admitted to the pediatric unit; Bordetella pertussis was isolated from nasopharyngeal aspirates collected from the three infants. Approximately 1 week later, a nurse working on the same unit developed influenza-like symptoms followed by ...
Stoll B J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Infection is a major complication of preterm infants, resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. We recently reported the results of a multicenter trial of dexamethasone initiated at 14 or 28 days in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants who were at risk for chronic lung disease; the results showed ...
Mulholland E K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in infant mortality rates in many developing countries including The Gambia, neonatal mortality remains high and many neonatal deaths are caused by infection. The study described in this paper was conducted to determine the bacterial and viral etiology of serious infections in Gambian infants younger than 91 ...
Gatchalian S R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Pneumonia, meningitis and other serious infections are leading causes of death in developing countries. As part of a multicenter study we aimed to determine the etiology of pneumonia, meningitis and other serious infections in a cohort of Filipino infants ages 90 days or younger. METHOD: During a 2-year period, ...
Muhe L - - 1999
Within a multicenter study coordinated by WHO, an investigation of the etiologic agents of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis was performed among infants younger than 3 months of age seen at the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital in Addis Ababa for a period of 2 years. Of the 816 infants enrolled 405 had ...
Revello M G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection relies on virus isolation from urine collected in the first 3 weeks of life. However, very little is known about the presence, levels and duration of HCMV pp65 antigenemia, viremia and DNAemia in congenitally infected newborns. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic and ...
Robert-Gangneux F - - 1999
We reviewed the files of 110 women with Toxoplasma seroconversion during pregnancy. Prenatal diagnosis was attempted for 94 women by amniotic fluid sampling. Toxoplasma gondii was detected by PCR, with or without tissue culture and mouse inoculation. The early neonatal diagnostic procedure included placental testing by PCR and/or mouse inoculation, ...
Sabatino G - - 1999
Leukocyte adhesion defect (LAD) is an inherited disorder of phagocytic function. The three different alpha-chains of the leukocyte integrin family (CD 11a, 11b, 11c) are all dependent on the common beta chain (CD18) for proper insertion into the cell membrane. Deficiency of CD 18 thus causes an inability to express ...
Robert-Gangneux F - - 1999
The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the performance of a Western blot assay to compare mother and newborn anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies for the early neonatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. Since specific anti-Toxoplasma IgM or IgA is detected inconstantly at birth in the neonate, the diagnosis of congenital ...
Harbarth S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of infections due to Enterobacter cloacae. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) from December 1996 to January 1997; environmental and laboratory investigations. SUBJECTS: 60 infants hospitalized in the NICU during the outbreak ...
Franz A R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate procalcitonin (PCT) as a test for early diagnosis of bacterial infections (BI) in newborn infants and to compare the results of PCT with those of interleukin 8 (IL-8), C-reactive protein (CRP) and differential white blood cell count. STUDY DESIGN: PCT was prospectively measured along with IL-8, CRP ...
Forsyth K D - - 1999
Infancy is a time of unparalleled infection exposure. Coming from the privilege of the uterus, the newborn infant must make appropriate immune responses following infection that eliminates the infection but protects the host. There is evidence that in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) subjects there is a background of recent ...
Ortega-Mora L M - - 1999
In sheep farms, oocyst shedding by asymptomatic adult carriers is one of the mechanisms which may explain maintenance of infections by Cryptosporidium parvum between lambing periods. The objective of this work was to investigate this hypothesis and the existence of a periparturient rise in oocyst shedding. Fourteen pregnant sheep were ...
Kovacs A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been implicated as a cofactor in the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease. We assessed 440 infants (75 of whom were HIV-1-infected and 365 of whom were not) who had known CMV status and were born to HIV-1-infected women and who ...
Kimura H - - 1999
Four male infants with early neonatal infection caused by coxsackievirus B3 (presumed in one case) exhibited severe thrombocytopenia and liver dysfunction at presentation. The three infants who were administered human normal immunoglobulin within 3 days of disease onset survived, while the fourth infant, who received the preparation 6 days after ...
Rotstein D S - - 1999
Cytauxzoon felis is a long-recognized hemoparasite of free-ranging Florida panthers (Puma concolor coryi), but its prevalence and effect on the population has not been assessed. Red blood cell indices and white blood cell counts were compared between infected and noninfected Florida panthers and Texas cougars (Puma concolor stanleyana) from 1983-1997 ...
Long K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of dietary risk factors on patterns of infection by heat labile toxin-producing Escherichia coli (LT-ETEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight infants were followed from birth for one year in Guadalajara, Mexico, beginning in august of 1986. Stool and breast milk samples were collected weekly from infants and ...
Ng W - - 1999
An outbreak of parainfluenza virus type 3 infection that occurred in a special neonatal care unit is described. Birth weights of affected infants ranged from 1860 to 2080 g and gestational ages were between 28 and 32 weeks. Three infants presented with recurrent episodes of apnoea associated with oxygen desaturations ...
Gutierrez K M - - 1999
Comprehensive hospital discharge data completed by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development was used to determine whether the proportion of infants </=6 weeks of age who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection changed between 1985 and 1995. During 1985, 1990, and 1995, ...
Fjaertoft G - - 1999
The high affinity Fcgamma-receptor I (FcgammaRI, CD64) is normally expressed only to a very low extent by neutrophils. During bacterial infections, however, neutrophils from adult patients significantly increase their expression of FcgammaRI. Stimulation through FcgammaRI is a highly effective way to improve various aspects of neutrophil function, including phagocytosis. In ...
Lawrence R A - - 1999
There are many benefits to the infant to be breastfed and to the mother to breastfeed. There are, however, a few conditions where the tremendous benefit may be outweighed by maternal infection, disease, drugs, or contaminants as these are rare. HIV is the only infection that is an absolute contraindication ...
Hokama T - - 1999
Most bacterial infections are caused by organisms that have already colonized the host. Bacterial attachment to pharyngeal cells and proliferation may be necessary to infect the lower respiratory tract or middle ear. We investigated the incidence of pathogenic bacteria isolated from the throat of healthy infants with different feeding methods. ...
Khaneja M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a case in which an extremely low birth weight infant with multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infection was successfully treated with ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. STUDY DESIGN: A clinical case report of a neonate who received broad spectrum antibiotics for possible infection despite negative cultures. The infant developed sepsis ...
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