Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1337
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Muhe L - - 1999
Within a multicenter study coordinated by WHO, an investigation of the etiologic agents of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis was performed among infants younger than 3 months of age seen at the Ethio-Swedish Children's Hospital in Addis Ababa for a period of 2 years. Of the 816 infants enrolled 405 had ...
Revello M G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection relies on virus isolation from urine collected in the first 3 weeks of life. However, very little is known about the presence, levels and duration of HCMV pp65 antigenemia, viremia and DNAemia in congenitally infected newborns. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic and ...
Robert-Gangneux F - - 1999
We reviewed the files of 110 women with Toxoplasma seroconversion during pregnancy. Prenatal diagnosis was attempted for 94 women by amniotic fluid sampling. Toxoplasma gondii was detected by PCR, with or without tissue culture and mouse inoculation. The early neonatal diagnostic procedure included placental testing by PCR and/or mouse inoculation, ...
Sabatino G - - 1999
Leukocyte adhesion defect (LAD) is an inherited disorder of phagocytic function. The three different alpha-chains of the leukocyte integrin family (CD 11a, 11b, 11c) are all dependent on the common beta chain (CD18) for proper insertion into the cell membrane. Deficiency of CD 18 thus causes an inability to express ...
Robert-Gangneux F - - 1999
The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the performance of a Western blot assay to compare mother and newborn anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies for the early neonatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. Since specific anti-Toxoplasma IgM or IgA is detected inconstantly at birth in the neonate, the diagnosis of congenital ...
Harbarth S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause and mode of transmission of a cluster of infections due to Enterobacter cloacae. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) from December 1996 to January 1997; environmental and laboratory investigations. SUBJECTS: 60 infants hospitalized in the NICU during the outbreak ...
Franz A R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate procalcitonin (PCT) as a test for early diagnosis of bacterial infections (BI) in newborn infants and to compare the results of PCT with those of interleukin 8 (IL-8), C-reactive protein (CRP) and differential white blood cell count. STUDY DESIGN: PCT was prospectively measured along with IL-8, CRP ...
Forsyth K D - - 1999
Infancy is a time of unparalleled infection exposure. Coming from the privilege of the uterus, the newborn infant must make appropriate immune responses following infection that eliminates the infection but protects the host. There is evidence that in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) subjects there is a background of recent ...
Ortega-Mora L M - - 1999
In sheep farms, oocyst shedding by asymptomatic adult carriers is one of the mechanisms which may explain maintenance of infections by Cryptosporidium parvum between lambing periods. The objective of this work was to investigate this hypothesis and the existence of a periparturient rise in oocyst shedding. Fourteen pregnant sheep were ...
Kovacs A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been implicated as a cofactor in the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease. We assessed 440 infants (75 of whom were HIV-1-infected and 365 of whom were not) who had known CMV status and were born to HIV-1-infected women and who ...
Kimura H - - 1999
Four male infants with early neonatal infection caused by coxsackievirus B3 (presumed in one case) exhibited severe thrombocytopenia and liver dysfunction at presentation. The three infants who were administered human normal immunoglobulin within 3 days of disease onset survived, while the fourth infant, who received the preparation 6 days after ...
Rotstein D S - - 1999
Cytauxzoon felis is a long-recognized hemoparasite of free-ranging Florida panthers (Puma concolor coryi), but its prevalence and effect on the population has not been assessed. Red blood cell indices and white blood cell counts were compared between infected and noninfected Florida panthers and Texas cougars (Puma concolor stanleyana) from 1983-1997 ...
Long K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of dietary risk factors on patterns of infection by heat labile toxin-producing Escherichia coli (LT-ETEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight infants were followed from birth for one year in Guadalajara, Mexico, beginning in august of 1986. Stool and breast milk samples were collected weekly from infants and ...
Ng W - - 1999
An outbreak of parainfluenza virus type 3 infection that occurred in a special neonatal care unit is described. Birth weights of affected infants ranged from 1860 to 2080 g and gestational ages were between 28 and 32 weeks. Three infants presented with recurrent episodes of apnoea associated with oxygen desaturations ...
Gutierrez K M - - 1999
Comprehensive hospital discharge data completed by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development was used to determine whether the proportion of infants </=6 weeks of age who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection changed between 1985 and 1995. During 1985, 1990, and 1995, ...
Fjaertoft G - - 1999
The high affinity Fcgamma-receptor I (FcgammaRI, CD64) is normally expressed only to a very low extent by neutrophils. During bacterial infections, however, neutrophils from adult patients significantly increase their expression of FcgammaRI. Stimulation through FcgammaRI is a highly effective way to improve various aspects of neutrophil function, including phagocytosis. In ...
Lawrence R A - - 1999
There are many benefits to the infant to be breastfed and to the mother to breastfeed. There are, however, a few conditions where the tremendous benefit may be outweighed by maternal infection, disease, drugs, or contaminants as these are rare. HIV is the only infection that is an absolute contraindication ...
Hokama T - - 1999
Most bacterial infections are caused by organisms that have already colonized the host. Bacterial attachment to pharyngeal cells and proliferation may be necessary to infect the lower respiratory tract or middle ear. We investigated the incidence of pathogenic bacteria isolated from the throat of healthy infants with different feeding methods. ...
Khaneja M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a case in which an extremely low birth weight infant with multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infection was successfully treated with ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. STUDY DESIGN: A clinical case report of a neonate who received broad spectrum antibiotics for possible infection despite negative cultures. The infant developed sepsis ...
Cukrowska B - - 1999
The aim of our study was to analyse the influence of perinatal infections and administration of antibiotics on B-cell activity in blood cell cultures of preterm infants. We studied spontaneous and Escherichia coli induced immunoglobulin (Ig) secretion in 148 infants of 24 to 36 weeks of gestation: 53 healthy infants ...
Lebech M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The best method for prevention and control of congenital toxoplasma infection is uncertain. Prenatal screening is done in Austria and France, but the effect of treatment during pregnancy is not well documented. The aim of our study was to find out the maternofetal transmission rate and outcome in infants ...
Rosenlew M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Enterovirus outbreaks are known to occur in neonatal wards and enteroviruses may cause community-acquired sepsis-like disease in the neonatal period. Less well is known their possible role in suspected systemic infections during the perinatal period. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the occurrence of enterovirus infections in neonatal patients suspected of systemic ...
Kearns B - - 1999
The objective was to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, bacteriologic and therapeutic features of seven infants who developed sternal wound and mediastinal infections following palliation and/or repair procedures for congenital heart disease. A retrospective chart review was used. All infants with sternal wound and mediastinal infections were < 30 days of ...
Jain S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the spectrum of morbidity associated with perinatally acquired Chlamydia trachomatis in infants < or =12 weeks of age, and to determine its relationship to maternal Chlamydia trachomatis status. METHODS: Design: Retrospective review of maternal and infant records. Setting: Large inner city teaching hospital. ...
Falcão M C - - 1999
To evaluate the efficacy of urine culture by bag specimen for the detection of neonatal urinary tract infection in full-term newborn infants. Retrospective study (1997) including full-term newborn infants having a positive urine culture (> 100,000 CFU/ml) by bag specimen collection. The urinary tract infection diagnosis was confirmed by positive ...
Nuesslein T G - - 1999
1. In order to identify potential risks for lower respiratory tract symptoms during early infancy, the concentration of cotinine was measured in meconium of 91 newborns as a parameter of prenatal exposure to tobacco, and a questionnaire was performed with parents at birth. Infants were followed up for the first ...
Tarantal A F - - 1999
9-[2-(R)-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine (PMPA) significantly inhibits viral reverse transcription and has been reported to sustain low virus load in SIV-infected rhesus monkeys. Based on these findings, studies were conducted to assess the safety, efficacy, and placental transfer of PMPA when administered once daily subcutaneously to gravid rhesus monkeys during the second and ...
Osaer S - - 1999
Trypanosome infections, packed red cell volume levels (PCV), body weight and nematode faecal egg counts of village-based small ruminants were monitored in two areas in The Gambia with either moderate or high trypanosomosis risk for 24 and 30 months respectively. Outflows from the flock and new-born animals were recorded and ...
Stirnadel H A - - 1999
To investigate the effects of host polymorphisms on malaria morbidity and infection, the frequency distributions of TNF alpha promotor gene and sickle cell trait were studied in infants in an area highly endemic for Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Tanzania. Differences in parasite prevalence, density, febrile episodes with and without parasitaemia, ...
Ranganathan S - - 1999
The proportion and trend in absolute number of pertussis notifications in young infants has increased each year in England and Wales since the accelerated immunization schedule was introduced. We report five infants all less than 3 months of age admitted with life threatening pertussis infection to two paediatric intensive care ...
Chua K B - - 1999
A provisional clinical diagnosis of exanthem subitum was made in six febrile infants seen in the Paediatric Unit of Assunta Hospital, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia with uvulo-palatoglossal junctional ulcers prior to the eruption of maculopapular rash. On follow-up, all six infants developed maculopapular rash with the subsidence of fever at the ...
Byington C L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Enteroviruses are important pathogens in infants, but their true contribution to febrile illness in infants </=90 days old is unknown. The purpose of this study was to use the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of enteroviral (EV) infection in febrile and afebrile infants </=90 days of age to ...
Andronikou S - - 1999
This is a case of an infant boy born at 28 weeks gestational age who presented on the 42nd day of life with hepatosplenomegaly, haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and atypical lymphocytes on the peripheral blood smear. He had an Epstein Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA) IgM antibody titre of ...
Fox L M - - 1999
Infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) in infants can be congenital or perinatal. Infected infants may be asymptomatic or present with pneumonia, rash, hepatosplenomegaly, or encephalitis.1 In the presence of an immunodeficiency, severe and sometimes fatal disease may occur. To our knowledge, CMV has not been identified previously as a cause of ...
Shefer-Kaufman N - - 1999
Cranial sonography has become the main modality of the investigation and diagnosis of a wide variety of neonatal intracranial abnormalities. Occasionally, cranial sonograms reveal basal ganglia and thalami bright echoes. It is believed that these lesions are indicative of vasculitis due to intrauterine infections, in particular with cytomegalovirus (CMV). We ...
Balfour A E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To review the excretion of Salmonella enteritidis PT4 in the faeces of infants involved in a point-source outbreak in a nursery, and to relate these findings to advice given by the Outbreak Control Team (OCT). METHODS: Retrospective laboratory-based survey. RESULTS: Infection with S. enteritidis PT4 was microbiologically confirmed in ...
Campbell J R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, interventions, and molecular typing methods used during the investigation and control of concurrent outbreaks of Serratia marcescens and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in a neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU). SETTING: A 206-bed women's and infants' hospital with a 48-bed NICU. DESIGN: A 22-week, prospective, descriptive ...
Armstrong D - - 1998
Limited data in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) suggest that respiratory viral infections during infancy result in substantial morbidity. Eighty of 101 (79%) infants with CF diagnosed by neonatal screening during 1991-1996 were recruited into a prospective, multiple-birth cohort study. We aimed to perform an initial, then annual bronchoalveolar lavage ...
Gratzl R - - 1998
This study was conducted to assess the validity of performing the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on amniotic fluid for detecting fetal Toxoplasma infection. The primary endpoint was the outcome of the infant at 1 year of age. A prospective, consecutive study was performed in 49 infants born to mothers with ...
Chen B - - 1998
It is clear that there is no unequivocal indication for the use of antenatal corticosteroids in the preterm gestation with PROM. Extrapolating the effects seen in gestations with intact membranes, however, there are potential benefits in reduction of neonatal respiratory disease and intracranial hemorrhage at the expense of increased risks ...
Archibald L K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for polymicrobial bloodstream infections (BSIs) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients during an outbreak of BSIs. DESIGN: During an outbreak of BSIs, we conducted a retrospective cohort study, assessed NICU infection control practices and patient exposure to NICU healthcare workers (HCWs), and obtained cultures ...
Morita M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The clinical features of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in countries with a higher percentage of maternal seropositivity for CMV has rarely been reported. We conducted a national survey for the first time in Japan to investigate the prevalence of congenital CMV infection. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent in 1994 to ...
Witek-Janusek L - - 1998
Major advances in the management of critically ill low birth weight (LBW) infants have increased their survival. Yet the clinical course of these infants is complicated by the emergence of opportunistic microbial pathogens. Most importantly, serious infections from opportunistic fungi, such as Candida albicans, have produced systemic disease in vulnerable ...
Bobat R - - 1998
Forty-eight children with vertically transmitted HIV-1 infection and 93 uninfected infants were followed up at regular intervals from birth for a mean of 26 months. They were examined physically, growth and development were assessed and illnesses recorded. Seventy per cent of infected infants were symptomatic by 6 months. Relative risks ...
Russomando G - - 1998
In 1991 and 1992, a prenatal screening of Trypanosoma cruzi infection was carried out using ELISA and indirect immunofluorescence techniques. A total of 840 blood samples from pregnant women, obtained at the Maternity Ward of the Hospital de Clínicas, National University of Asunción (Asunción, Paraguay), and 1,022 samples from the ...
de Ocariz M M - - 1998
We report a 6-month-old girl with erythema multiforme minor occurring during the course of a herpetic whitlow. Erythema multiforme minor is unusual in infants, and in this population herpes simplex virus has not been reported as a significant etiologic factor. The clinical coexistence of erythema multiforme minor and the herpetic ...
Muyldermans G - - 1998
In our 15-bed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), four new-borns were found to be colonized or infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa within a period of one week. To identify the outbreak source, three independent studies were performed: epidemiological investigation, environmental surveillance and genotypic typing of isolates. Although epidemiological investigation by a ...
Ordi J - - 1998
Massive chronic intervillositis (MCI) is an infrequently recognized placental lesion thought to be of immunologic origin that has been associated with poor fetal outcome. It is characterized by a prominent inflammatory infiltrate in the intervillous space, composed mainly of monocytes and macrophages that can simulate a maternal malignant disorder involving ...
McDonald L C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter spp. are multidrug-resistant bacteria that grow well in water and cause infections with unexplained, increased summer prevalence. In August, 1996, eight infants acquired Acinetobacter spp. bloodstream infection (A-BSI) while in a nursery in the Bahamas; three infants died and an investigation was initiated. METHODS: A case patient was ...
Maldonado Y - - 1998
Symptomatic and asymptomatic astrovirus infection was prospectively determined in a 3-year birth cohort of Mayan infants. Stool samples from 271 infants and 268 older siblings were tested for astrovirus, adenovirus 40/41, rotavirus and Salmonella, Shigella and Campylobacter species. Concurrent diarrhea, vomiting, fever, or anorexia were noted. Astrovirus was detected in ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >