Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1391
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Romano C - - 2001
Tinea capitis is the most frequent manifestation of dermatophyte infection in children, but because it is rare in the first months of life it is often misdiagnosed. Here we report 15 cases of tinea capitis observed in Italy in infants less than 1 year of age. There were 10 boys ...
Herr S M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Investigators have sought to establish "low-risk" criteria to identify febrile young infants who can be observed safely without antibiotics. Previous studies have used criteria for standard urinalysis to identify suspected urinary tract infection; however, cases of urinary tract infection have been missed. Enhanced urinalysis, using hemocytometer cell count and ...
Zafar N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with an increasing rate of nosocomial infections in infants with very low birth weights. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical and nosocomial infection databases for all infants with birth weights of 1500 g or less admitted to an academic neonatal intensive care unit between January ...
Mehr S S - - 2001
The objective of this study is to determine the plasma concentrations and diagnostic accuracy of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in newborn infection. One hundred and one newborn infants with clinical signs of infection during their primary hospitalization were investigated with the minimum of a blood culture, C-reactive protein (CRP), ...
Yamamoto A Y - - 2001
A rapid test for the diagnosis of congenital CMV infection is still needed. This study evaluated the usefulness of dried blood and urine samples collected on filter paper for detecting cytomegalovirus (CMV) by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay compared with the use of liquid urine. Samples were obtained from ...
Yamaoka Y - - 2001
In this study, the effect of traditional Japanese (Chinese) medicine, Hochu-ekki-to, HOT (Chinese name: Bu-zhong-yi-qi-tang), on the susceptibility against Listeria monocytogenes in postneonatal infant mice was examined. Numbers of bacteria in infant mice (infected at 4 weeks of age) were significantly higher than those in adult mice (infected at 8 ...
Banerji A - - 2001
It has long been suspected that Canadian Inuit children suffer from frequent severe lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), but the causes and risk factors have not been documented. This study assessed the infectious causes and other epidemiologic factors that may contribute to the severity of LRTI in young Inuit children ...
Chotigeat U - - 2001
This report presents the case of a low birth weight neonate with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter Lwoffii infection who was successfully treated with ciprofloxacin and co-trimoxazole. Use of ciprofloxacin in pediatric populations was reviewed. The infant responded to the antibiotic regimen with sterilized cerebrospinal fluid with no adverse effects attributable to the ...
Boussemart T - - 2001
Dengue is commonly observed in most tropical countries, but its transmission from mother to fetus has not been frequently described. We report two such cases. The first signs of dengue in the infants appeared on the 3rd and 9th days of life. In both, a bacterial infection was suspected initially. ...
Gerber J E - - 2001
Bacterial infection with Clostridium perfringens in children less than 2 years of age is frequently associated with meningitis, necrotizing gastrointestinal infection, and postoperative infections. However, a review of the literature reveals no reports of these bacteria infecting the tonsils. A 9-month old black female was found unresponsive at the baby-sitter's ...
Shi Y P - - 2001
In vitro studies have shown that inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage parasite growth by antibody-dependent cellular inhibition is mediated by cooperation between malaria-specific IgG1 and IgG3, but not IgG2, and monocytes via the Fcgamma receptor II (FcgammaRII). A single amino acid substitution at position 131 in FcgammaRIIa is critical in ...
Boppana S B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Preconceptional immunity against cytomegalovirus (CMV) provides only partial protection against intrauterine transmission of the virus. Whether congenital CMV infection in the offspring of women who are seropositive for CMV can occur after maternal reinfection with a different strain of CMV is unknown. METHODS: Serum specimens from 46 women with ...
Abdulmoneim I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of breast-feeding duration on the frequency of respiratory tract infections in infants during the first 2 years of life. METHODS: A retrospective study where the files of infants randomly selected from Shamasan Primary Health Care Center were analyzed for different related factors and frequencies of ...
Chan K H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been shown to be the cause of infectious mononucleosis (IM) and has more complicated associations with several malignant diseases. These EBV associated diseases provide a strong incentive for the development of an EBV vaccine. Most primary EBV infection during infancy and early childhood is mild ...
Barton L L - - 2001
Pediococci are recently recognized Gram-positive human pathogens, resistant to vancomycin and generally susceptible to penicillin. Infection in adults has been seen in patients with chronic underlying conditions as well as those with previous abdominal surgery. Two previous infants with congenital gastrointestinal malformations requiring surgical correction have been reported with sepsis ...
Healy C M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can be transmitted vertically from mother to infant, either late in pregnancy or at delivery. AIMS: To determine the outcome of infants born to HCV infected women, to characterise epidemiology and to design an appropriate infant monitoring schedule. METHODS: Three hundred and fourteen infants, born ...
Vargas S L - - 2001
To determine whether Pneumocystis carinii is associated with clinical illness in the competent host, 107 normal, healthy infants were enrolled in a 2-year prospective cohort study in Chile. P. carinii was identified by specific stains and nested--deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) amplification of the large subunit mitochondrial ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene of ...
Wejse C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of an immunosuppressive effect of cytomegalovirus (CMV), and CMV has been claimed to be a copathogen in respiratory tract infections (RTI). We therefore studied the significance of CMV viral load in infants with RTI, compared the frequency of infection with respiratory viruses and followed the course ...
Hamprecht K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding practices strongly influence the epidemiology of human cytomegalovirus infection. By contrast with term neonates, few data are available on transmission of infection from mothers to preterm infants during breastfeeding. METHODS: 151 mothers and their 176 preterm infants (gestational age at birth <32 weeks or birthweight <1500 g) were ...
Yamamoto A Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most frequent cause of congenital infections in humans. Prematurity occurs in as many as 34% of infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical presentation and frequency of congenital CMV infection among preterm infants and full-term infants from a population with a ...
Steketee R W - - 2001
Pregnant women in malarious areas may experience a variety of adverse consequences from malaria infection including maternal anemia, placental accumulation of parasites, low birth weight (LBW) from prematurity and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), fetal parasite exposure and congenital infection, and infant mortality (IM) linked to preterm-LBW and IUGR-LBW. We reviewed ...
Bessières M H - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine the performances of methods used for the neonatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. We included 165 pregnant women infected during pregnancy over a 10-year period. Fifty-seven cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were demonstrated (34.5%). Neonatal diagnosis gave positive results in 50 cases (88%). Parasites ...
Cason D L - - 2000
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an uncommon but concerning condition for hospitalized premature infants. A retrospective chart review of all male infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from June 1996 through March 1999 was conducted at the Medical College of Georgia--a large academic medical center with a ...
Sauerbrei A - - 2000
Maternal varicella during the first two trimesters of pregnancy may cause the congenital varicella syndrome (CVS). After infection in the first 20 weeks' gestation, the incidence is estimated to be about 2%. To date, nearly 100 infants born with signs of CVS have been reported in the literature, more than ...
Erden A - - 2000
The presence of fungus balls within the collecting system is an important clue to the radiological diagnosis of genitourinary candidiasis. In this report, an 8-month-old infant with this opportunistic infection is described. Emphasis is placed on the radiological findings of renal candidiasis, including previously unreported MR appearances. Sonographic and Doppler ...
Smith V V - - 2000
We report two infants with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and rectal bleeding due to cytomegalovirus (CMV) ileitis and colitis with minimal focal mucosal ulceration but with extensive leiomyolysis of the muscularis propria. Immunostaining and in situ hybridization for CMV showed numerous viral inclusions in the myocytes of the muscularis ...
Ollikainen J - - 2000
To explore the association of perinatal Ureaplasma urealyticum infection and the need for hospital care during infancy, a cohort of preterm infants were prospectively followed for 12 months. Perinatal U. urealyticum infection was defined as the presence of U. urealyticum in the samples obtained from the trachea and blood. During ...
Gross U - - 2000
Early diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis is rendered difficult when specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) and/or IgA antibodies are absent in the blood of the newborn infant. Since maternal IgG antibodies can cross the placenta, determination of IgG antibodies in newborn infants has hitherto not been used routinely for the diagnosis of ...
Yamanishi Koichi - - 2000
First isolated in 1986 from patients with lymphoproliferative disorders, human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a B-herpesvirus with two variants: HHV-6A and HHV-6B. HHV-6B is the major causal pathogen of exanthem subitum, a predominantly benign exanthematous disease of infants with occasional complications in the central nervous system. Infection with HHV-6 is ...
Riley E M - - 2000
Maternally derived antibodies are believed to protect infants against infection, but there is little direct evidence for a protective role of passively acquired antibodies against malaria. A longitudinal study of malaria infection in 143 infants was conducted in a region of southern Ghana where Plasmodium falciparum is endemic. Infants born ...
Takami T - - 2000
A hospital-acquired outbreak with febrile illness and/or rash occurred in our neonatal special care nursery (SCN) from September 1995 to September 1996. A total of 23 infants developed symptoms. We could not detect the etiological agents by routine virus isolation. In a retrospective study, however, enterovirus RNA was detected by ...
Cunningham J A - - 2000
Six weeks after receiving BCG vaccination, a Canadian aboriginal infant presented with suspected sepsis, lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. Lymph node biopsy revealed macrophages filled with acid-fast bacilli. Mycobacterium bovis was cultured from tissue specimens and there was evidence of concomitant cytomegalovirus disease. The infant died of disseminated BCG infection. A novel ...
Nishio O - - 2000
Rotavirus was examined from diarrheal stool samples of 158 infants in rural area near Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, from 1994 to 1996. Group A rotavirus was detected in 50%. G1 and G4 were the predominant serotypes. G3 was not detected. The most predominant type changed from year to year. ...
Bromberger P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The use of intrapartum antibiotics to prevent early-onset group B streptococcal (EOGBS) infection has left pediatricians in a quandary about the appropriate evaluation and treatment of infants at risk for this infection. The aim of this study was to determine whether intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis changed the constellation and timing ...
Sato Y - - 2000
A 4-month-old male infant manifested diarrhea and Salmonella Virchow was isolated from his stool. The pathogen was repeatedly isolated from the infant over one month despite three regimens of treatment with antibiotics, to which the isolate was sensitive. Three household dogs were kept in his home and S. Virchow was ...
Rieger-Fackeldey E - - 2000
We present two premature infants with disseminated neonatal adenovirus infection, whose epidemiology, clinical course and outcome differ to a great extent. The first infant, born vaginally at 35 weeks gestational age after premature rupture of membranes and maternal illness, developed pneumonia, hepatitis and coagulopathy and died of circulatory failure at ...
Kao H T - - 2000
Influenza A virus causes a variety of respiratory and nonrespiratory illness in children. The symptomatology varies with different age groups. The purpose of this retrospective study was to define the clinical characteristics of influenza A infection in Taiwanese infants. During the period from December 1997 to February 1998, 37 febrile ...
Leung T F - - 2000
The case of a term infant with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection who developed Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) at 4 months of age is reported. Our patient suffered from severe malnutrition and zinc deficiency secondary to necrotizing enterocolitis since the age of 2 months. There was no evidence of human immunodeficiency ...
Fu Y C - - 2000
The principal viruses implicated in pericarditis are enteroviruses. Cytomegalovirus pericarditis is quite rare and has been reported in immunocompromised patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, malignant neoplasm or organ transplantation. We report a three-month-old male infant who suffered from cough and rhinorrhea for two weeks. He developed shortness of breath for ...
Jantunen M E - - 2000
P-fimbrial genotypes of Escherichia coli strains and their possible association with urinary tract abnormalities were studied in infants with pyelonephritis. A total of 153 urinary E. coli strains were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction for class I, II, and III alleles of the pyelonephritis-associated adhesin gene papG. Strains with any ...
Santos D V - - 2000
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common congenital infection, affecting 0.4% to 2.3% newborns. Most of them are asymptomatic at birth, but later 10% develop handicaps, mainly neurological disturbances. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of CMV shed in urine of newborns from a neonatal intensive care unit using ...
Allen S E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a second intramuscular injection of ceftriaxone was necessary in febrile infants who meet low-risk criteria for outpatient therapy. SETTING: Children's Hospital Emergency Department. PATIENTS: Febrile infants 4-8 weeks of age. METHODS: Outpatient treatment criteria included non-toxic appearance, no identifiable source for infection on physical examination, CSF ...
Blanco S B - - 2000
We designed a set of procedures for first-line local health services to detect and treat the congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi at a province-wide scale, and field-tested the programme in the province of Tucumán, northwestern Argentina, from 1992 to 1994. The programme consists of routine screening of pregnant women for ...
Lin D S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of standard and hemocytometer white blood cell (WBC) counts and urinalyses for predicting urinary tract infection (UTI) in febrile infants. METHODS: Enrolled were 230 febrile infants < 12 months of age. All urine specimens were obtained by suprapubic bladder aspiration and microscopically analyzed by the ...
Nilsen F - - 2000
Molecular data have proved useful in the study of microsporidia phylogeny. Previous studies have shown that there are several important differences between phylogenies based on rRNA and morphological data. In the present study, small subunit (SSU) rDNA sequences were obtained from 7 different fish-infecting microsporidia from 4 different genera (Glugea ...
Villanueva M E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of hearing loss and mental retardation throughout the world. Detection of the CMV DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) offers a sensitive, rapid, and specific means of identification. Meconium, the stool formed in utero, may be an ideal specimen for CMV ...
André P - - 2000
The objective of this paper is to study the characteristics of maternal-fetal staphyloccocal infection. A retrospective study among 1,582 infants admitted consecutively to our neonatal intensive care unit was carried out from January 1995 through September 1998. The antenatal history, and the clinical and bacteriological findings and outcome of the ...
Paul M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of congenital toxoplasmosis at birth in the Poznań region of Poland, the value of the serologic examination of filter paper blood specimens collected from newborns for the diagnosis of congenital Toxoplasma infection and the duration of anti-Toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies ...
Khan N A - - 2000
Many infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are screened for TORCH infections. The yield and costs of such a practice may not be justifiable. Medical charts of infants with IUGR who had a workup for toxoplasmosis, other (infections), rubella, cytomegalovirus (infection), and herpes (simplex) (titer) (TORCH) infections were reviewed for ...
Leviton A - - 1999
Echolucent images (EL) of cerebral white matter, seen on cranial ultrasonographic scans of very low birth weight newborns, predict motor and cognitive limitations. We tested the hypothesis that markers of maternal and feto-placental infection were associated with risks of both early (diagnosed at a median age of 7 d) and ...
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