Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1374
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Buffolano W - - 2004
The aim of this comparative study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of the measurement of Toxoplasma gondii IgG avidity in the postnatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. IgG avidity values in serum samples from infants with congenital infection were compared with those in samples from uninfected infants, all born to ...
Freij Bishara J - - 2004
As many as 2,500 infants develop neonatal herpes each year, most of whom are born to women with no history or physical findings suggestive of genital herpes. Infection usually takes one of three forms: 1) disease localized to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, 2) localized central nervous system infection, or ...
Abadesso C - - 2004
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a humanized respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) monoclonal antibody (palivizumab) to control an outbreak of RSV in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), we retrospectively analysed two RSV outbreaks. Between 11 November 1998 and 18 March 1999, two separate RSV outbreaks occurred in a ...
Jim Wai-Tim - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) by breast milk from CMV-seropositive mothers to their breast-fed preterm infants and to evaluate their outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population comprised breast-fed preterm infants with a birth weight of <1,500 g and gestational age of <35 weeks. Venous ...
Sarvikivi Emmi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To study clusters of infections caused by Serratia marcescens in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to determine risk factors for S. marcescens infection or colonization. DESIGN: Genotyping of S. marcescens isolates was performed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). A retrospective case-control study was conducted. SETTING: A tertiary-care ...
Pessoa-Silva Carmem Lúcia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) among neonates. DESIGN: Prospective surveillance of HAIs was conducted during 2 years. Infections beginning within 48 hours of birth were defined as HAIs of maternal origin. Death occurring during an active episode of HAI was considered related to HAI. SETTING: Seven ...
Bass Dorsey - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the morphology and motility of the distal small bowel of infants with rotavirus gastroenteritis using non-invasive/non-ionizing imaging technology. METHODS: Prospective, non-randomized observational study of five infants with symptomatic rotavirus infection. Infants were imaged by real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound within 5 days of onset of ...
Adjei Ohene - - 2004
Urinary tract infection (UTI) causes significant illness in the first 2 years of life. The diagnosis in most developing countries is often overlooked due to the tedious nature of obtaining urine from these young ones who would not void voluntarily. Misdiagnosis very often lead to avoidable ill health and long-term ...
Mifsud Albert J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of early-onset group B streptococcal infection and to describe the antecedent maternal risk factors, in order to provide data to inform the design of interventional strategies that could be introduced in the UK to reduce the burden of this infection. DESIGN: A retrospective study with ...
Milisavljevic Vladana V Department of Pediatrics, School of Nursing, Columbia University, New York, New York, - - 2004
Serratia marcescens can cause serious infections in patients in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), including sepsis, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and conjunctivitis. We report the utility of genetic fingerprinting to identify, investigate, and control two distinct outbreaks of S. marcescens. An epidemiologic investigation was performed to control two clusters of ...
Vancíková Z - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The use on ganciclovir for perinatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is controversial. We aim to evaluate the use of ganciclovir treatment for neonatal CMV hepatitis. METHODS: We present five infants with perinatally-acquired CMV hepatitis as a single organ manifestation of CMV infection. The three more severely affected children, i.e. those ...
Brown Zane - - 2004
Neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection can have severe consequences. Skin, eye and mouth infection is rarely fatal, but disseminated or central nervous system (CNS) disease has a mortality rate of 80% in the absence of therapy, and most surviving infants have neurological sequelae. Aciclovir therapy can improve the outcome ...
Yasui Hisako - - 2004
We investigated whether oral administration of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota to neonatal and infant mice ameliorates influenza virus (IFV) infection in the upper respiratory tract and protects against influenza infection. In a model of upper respiratory IFV infection, the titer of virus in the nasal washings of infant mice administered ...
Cheong J L Y - - 2004
Sixteen cases of postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection were identified in a neonatal intensive care unit population over a five year period. Eleven of these infants had gastrointestinal signs at the time of presentation. These ranged from minor and transient (abdominal distension and enteral feed intolerance) to severe and life threatening ...
Zabel Lutz Thomas - - 2004
Outbreaks of gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) can be life-threatening to pre-term infants, which are highly susceptible to serious infections with bacteria. Forty-two ventilated neonates in the NICU of the University Children's Hospital of Tuebingen were found to be colonized (n = 40) ...
Franz Axel R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal bacterial infections carry a high mortality when diagnosed late. Early diagnosis is difficult because initial clinical signs are nonspecific. Consequently, physicians frequently prescribe antibiotic treatment to newborn infants for fear of missing a life-threatening infection. This study was designed to test the hypotheses that a diagnostic algorithm that ...
Chawla R - - 2004
Chlamydia trachomatis is currently recognized as one of the most common sexually transmitted pathogen and a major cause of perinatally acquired infection. Vertical transmission of infection from mother to the infant may result in the development of conjunctivitis and pneumonia. The study was conducted with the aim of determining the ...
Sánchez Andrés R - - 2004
In the past decade, there has been mounting scientific evidence suggesting that periodontal disease may play an important role as a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. This article focuses on the definition, incidence, risk factors associated with preterm low birthweight infants (PLBW), the evidence linking chronic infections and PLBW, ...
Ng P C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of late onset (> 72 hours) infection and necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants in two 36 month periods using two hand hygiene protocols: conventional handwashing (HW; first 36 month period); an alcohol hand rub and gloves technique (HR; second 36 month ...
Byington Carrie L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The risk of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants who are classified as low risk (LR) or high risk (HR) by the Rochester criteria has been established. LR infants average a 1.4% occurrence of SBI, whereas HR infants have an occurrence of 21%. The occurrence of SBI in ...
Levine Deborah A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of young febrile infants is controversial, in part because it is unclear whether clinical evidence of a viral infection significantly reduces the risk of serious bacterial infections (SBIs). Specifically, it remains unclear whether the risk of SBI is altered in a meaningful way in the presence of ...
Kaufman David - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fungal infections are prevalent in very low birthweight (<1500 g) infants and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A better understanding of the adherence factors, molecular diagnostics and risk factors for invasive fungal infection are important in treatment and prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Animal studies have demonstrated ...
Petdachai Witaya - - 2004
A male infant was admitted because of fever. He was born at 37-weeks' gestation. His mother had experienced acute febrile illness with headache and myalgia. Her illness persisted with onset of active labor pain on day 5, which prompted cesarean section; postoperatively, the hematocrit decreased, requiring transfusion. The infant was ...
Rayyan M M Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. - - 2004
Apnoea is a common sign in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections in young infants and can be the first presentation of an acquired RSV infection. We describe polysomnographic recordings of three infants revealing prolonged RSV-related apnoea before RSV infection was diagnosed. The apnoeas were of central origin. The caregivers had ...
Collinet P - - 2004
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) screening during pregnancy has been widely discussed for several years, but still no consensus has been agreed. With a number of live births of 750,000 per year in France, we would expect 7500 infected infants at birth per year (rate of congenital infection of 1%). Among infected infants ...
Prasitwattanaseree Sukon - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of zidovudine (ZDV) prophylaxis duration in mothers and infants on the age at which infection becomes detectable by DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in non-breastfed infants. METHODS: Blood samples were collected sequentially from birth to 6 months in a Thailand perinatal HIV prevention trial in ...
Vollmer Brigitte - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In preterm infants there is a high risk of transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) via breast milk from seropositive mothers with reactivation of the virus during lactation. There is little information about the long term sequel of early postnatally acquired CMV infection in pre-term infants. This study aimed to investigate ...
Wren S M E - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the presentation of cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) in a series of infants. METHODS: Immunocompromised infants with either HIV or systemic cytomegalovirus (CMV) were examined for CMVR. Ocular involvement was recorded and monitored by digital imaging. RESULTS: Five infants were detected to have CMVR. All the infants demonstrated changes ...
Han Yiping W - - 2004
Fusobacterium nucleatum is a gram-negative anaerobe ubiquitous to the oral cavity. It is associated with periodontal disease. It is also associated with preterm birth and has been isolated from the amniotic fluid, placenta, and chorioamnionic membranes of women delivering prematurely. Periodontal disease is a newly recognized risk factor for preterm ...
Totet Anne - - 2004
To date, investigations of Pneumocystis jirovecii circulation in the human reservoir through the dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) locus analysis have only been conducted by examining P. jirovecii isolates from immunosuppressed patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP). Our study identifies P. jirovecii genotypes at this locus in 33 immunocompetent infants colonized with P. ...
Gupta Archana - - 2004
BACKGROUND: From April to June 2001, an outbreak of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae infections was investigated in our neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Cultures of the gastrointestinal tracts of patients, the hands of healthcare workers (HCWs), and the environment were performed to detect potential reservoirs for ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae. ...
Kohelet David - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vacuum extraction technique is associated with an increased risk of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection in infants born to asymptomatic mothers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the charts of all infants born at the Edith Wolfson Medical Center and admitted to the hospital's neonatal intensive care ...
Jenkins Alison L - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Inuit infants experience higher mortality and poorer health than other Canadian infants, and suffer disproportionately from bacterial and viral infections. A wide range of inter-related factors affect their health and susceptibility to infection. The objective of the study was to describe hospitalization and morbidity patterns in a cohort of ...
Genen Linda - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine if infections involving the placenta are associated with unexplained systemic illness in the newborn infant and subsequent poor neonatal outcome (death or significant neurodevelopmental abnormalities). STUDY DESIGN: Placental tissue from 33 newborn infants with systemic illness and poor neonatal outcome were tested by in situ hybridization or ...
Bryant Penelope A - - 2004
Ten neonates with coxsackie B viral infection presented over a 3-month period. Clinical features included meningoencephalitis, thrombocytopenia, disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, cardiomyopathy, and hepatitis. Eight infants had multiorgan disease, four with severe myocardial dysfunction, of whom two died. All of the infants with severe disease developed symptoms within 7 days of ...
Sunyer Jordi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) has been related to respiratory infections in experimental studies but its role remains controversial in general population studies of children. We aim to assess the association between indoor NO(2) and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) during the first year of life in a multicentre prospective cohort ...
Mussi-Pinhata Marisa M - - 2004
We investigated infants with respiratory distress within 4 days of birth whose mothers had not received antibiotic prophylaxis to evaluate the frequency and etiology of bacterial infection and associated risk factors. The study was conducted on 261 infants suffering respiratory distress admitted to a Brazilian neonatal intensive care unit, 94 ...
Linder N - - 2004
The finding that 10% povidone-iodine skin disinfectant may compromise thyroid function in premature infants prompted its replacement with 0.5% chlorhexidine gluconate solution in 70% isopropanol. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence rates of true infection and contamination associated with the use of these two disinfectants in ...
Nguyen Thanh Hung - - 2004
A prospective study of clinical and cytokine profiles of 107 infants with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome (DSS) was conducted. Fever, petechiae on the skin, and hepatomegaly were the most common clinical findings associated with DHF/DSS in infants. DSS occurred in 20.5% of the patients. Hemoconcentration and thrombocytopenia were ...
Marom D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the serum nitric oxide levels in healthy neonates and in infants with bacteremia. METHODS: We performed a prospective study in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. The serum nitric oxide levels were measured in all infants at birth (basal) and in the infected neonates also on the ...
Ng Pak C - - 2004
The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a highly contagious infection caused by a newly discovered strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Infants born to pregnant women with SARS did not appear to acquire the infection through vertical transmission. Some newborn infants, however, developed severe intrauterine growth retardation and life-threatening gastrointestinal complications. ...
Voudris Konstantinos - - 2004
A 3-month-old male infant with cytomegalovirus infection and intractable partial seizures was treated with ganciclovir for 6 weeks. The drug was well tolerated, and virus shedding in the cerebrospinal fluid and urine was eliminated, although infantile spasms at the age of 6 months appeared. At the age of 12 months, ...
Austin N C - - 2004
Systemic fungal infection has increased in prevalence in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) caring for very low birth weight infants. It is associated with a prolonged stay and an increase in morbidity and mortality. An assessment of the use of oral prophylactic antifungals to prevent systemic infection is needed. To ...
Ungerer R L S - - 2004
Early onset bacterial infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in newborn infants. Various factors that increase the risk of neonatal infection have been identified. It is unclear whether asymptomatic newborn infants born to mothers with one or more of these risk factors should receive antibiotics prophylactically rather ...
Iwanaga Manabu - - 2004
A 6-week-old immunocompetent girl developed protein-losing gastroenteropathy (PLGE) and retinitis associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. At presentation, CMV antigenaemia (6 cells/46,000 white blood cells) and its DNA were detected in the patient's blood and in the mother's milk. Intravenous ganciclovir and gamma-globulin rapidly ameliorated all symptoms and CMV antigenaemia disappeared. ...
Sauerbrei A - - 2003
Patients with congenital varicella syndrome (CVS) typically present with clinical symptoms consisting of skin lesions, neurological defects, eye diseases, and/or limb hypoplasia. In rare cases, isolated manifestations in the brain or eye have been reported. The varicella-zoster virus (VZV), as the causative agent of CVS, could only be detected in ...
Janjindamai Waricha - - 2003
A case of vertical transmission of dengue infection in the perinatal period is reported. The mother, a term pregnancy, had acute dengue the day before admission. The infant was born at term and developed fever on the fifth day of life which lasted for 5 days. No bleeding or plasma ...
Stanisic Danielle I - - 2003
Maternal Abs generated as a result of prior exposure to infectious agents such as the malaria parasite are transferred from the mother through the placenta to the fetus. Numerous studies have attributed the resistance to malaria infection observed in neonates and infants up to 6 mo of age to the ...
Hoffman Jill A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Streptococcus pneumoniae infections in the neonate (SPIN) are relatively unusual events (1%-11% of neonatal sepsis) but are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Previous reports suggest that invasive SPIN is associated with prolonged rupture of membranes, maternal colonization/illness, prematurity, early-onset pneumonia presentation (<72 hours), and high mortality (50%). The ...
Brown Julie C - - 2003
To compare the time to positive culture with the time to clinical detection of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in young infants, a retrospective case series of 949 infants age 0-60 days, who had a body fluid cultured in the emergency department or within 24 hours of admission was analyzed. Times ...
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