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Sung Jimin J Bowdoin College, - - 2015
This longitudinal study employed the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised in assessing temperamental differences between infants at 6 months (n = 114 US, 184 Dutch) and 12 months (n = 92 US, 172 Dutch) from the United States of America and The Netherlands. Main effects indicated that Dutch infants were rated higher ...
Maruthappu M M Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, - - 2014
To determine the association between reductions in government healthcare spending (GHS) on maternal mortality in 24 countries in the European Union (EU) over a 30-year period, 1981-2010. Retrospective study. Twenty-four EU countries (a total population of 419 million as of 2010). We used multivariate regression analysis, controlling for country-specific differences ...
Schwieger-Briel Agnes - - 2014
BackgroundBullous pemphigoid (BP) in infants is a rare but increasingly reported autoimmune blistering skin disease. Autoantibody reactivity is usually poorly characterized. Current guidelines do not address specific aspects of the infantile form of BP. The objectives of this study are to define clinical and diagnostic characteristics of infantile BP and ...
Mangalat Nisha - - 2014
BackgroundThere is little published data regarding the rate of bilirubin clearance in newborns following total parenteral nutrition (TPN) cessation, particularly in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population without intestinal failure.MethodsThe primary aim of this retrospective chart review was to determine the duration and severity of bilirubin elevation in neonates ...
Tluczek Audrey A *School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI; †Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI; ‡School of Nursing, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; §Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, - - 2014
Examine factors that mediate parent-infant relationships 12 months after positive newborn screening (NBS). We examined effects of infant diagnosis, parents' perceptions of child vulnerability and child attachment, parental depression and anxiety on parent-infant feeding interactions for 131 mothers and 118 fathers of 131 infants whose NBS and diagnostics confirmed cystic ...
Lorenz Laila L Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Tübingen, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
To evaluate reticulocyte haemoglobin content (CHr), compared with ferritin, transferrin saturation (TS) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV), as a marker of iron deficiency (ID). Retrospective analysis of clinically indicated blood samples taken between February 2010 and October 2012. Single-centre neonatal care unit. 210 very preterm (gestational age <32 weeks) or very ...
König Kai K Mercy Hospital for Women, Department of Paediatrics, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-BNP (NTproBNP) have been shown to correlate with the size of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants. We investigated whether BNP or NTproBNP were more closely correlated with PDA size. This prospective observational study included preterm infants born <32 weeks' gestation who ...
Byington Carrie L CL Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah; and - - 2014
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of pediatric hospitalization, but the mortality rate and estimated annual deaths are based on decades-old data. Our objective was to describe contemporary RSV-associated mortality in hospitalized infants and children aged <2 years. We queried the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient ...
Melvin Ann J AJ Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington and Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the utility of quantitative herpes simplex virus (HSV) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) levels for prognosis and management of neonatal HSV disease. Clinical and virologic data were abstracted by medical record review from neonatal HSV cases treated at Seattle Children's Hospital between 1993 and 2012. HSV PCR results from ...
Islam Md Rafiqul - - 2014
Early life exposure to inorganic arsenic may be related to adverse health effects in later life. However, there are few data on postnatal arsenic exposure via human milk. In this study, we aimed to determine arsenic levels in human milk and the correlation between arsenic in human milk and arsenic ...
Arbuckle Tye E TE Population Studies Division, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa ON, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Results of recent national surveys have shown the high prevalence of exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) and triclosan (TCS) among the general population; however biomonitoring data for pregnant women and infants are limited. Women (n=80) were recruited from early prenatal clinics and asked to collect urine samples multiple times during ...
Venkat Veena L VL *Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA †Department of Surgery and Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI ‡Department of Pediatrics, Washington University, St Louis, MO §Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY ||Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH ¶Department of Pediatrics, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston #Department of Pediatrics, Children's Health Care of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA **Department of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA ††Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA ‡‡Department of Pediatrics, Riley Children's Hospital, Indianapolis, IN §§Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA ||||Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ¶¶School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor ##Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco ***Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore †††National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD ‡‡‡Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine and Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora §§§Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO ||||||Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA ¶¶¶Department of Pediatrics, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, - - 2014
Fat-soluble vitamin (FSV) deficiency is a well-recognized consequence of cholestatic liver disease and reduced intestinal intraluminal bile acid. We hypothesized that serum bile acid (SBA) would predict biochemical FSV deficiency better than serum total bilirubin (TB) level in infants with biliary atresia. Infants enrolled in the Trial of Corticosteroid Therapy ...
Naito Takafumi T Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan - - 2014
Few clinical reports have been published on amlodipine passage into breast milk in lactating women. The aims of this study were to evaluate the plasma concentration of amlodipine and its passage into breast milk in lactating women with pregnancy-induced hypertension and to estimate the risk for breastfeeding infants. Thirty-one lactating ...
Heikkilä Paula P School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Centre for Child Health Research, University of Tampere and Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, - - 2014
Up to 3% of infants with bronchiolitis under 12-months-of-age are hospitalised and up to 9% require intensive care. We evaluated the costs of bronchiolitis hospitalisation, with a special focus on whether infants needed intensive care. Baseline and cost data were retrospectively collected, using electronic hospital files, for 80 infants under ...
Er Demirhan B B Department of Food Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Gazi University, 06330 Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of present study was to determine the levels of potential 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) and 2-furaldehyde (F) in 109 baby food samples (60 follow-on milks, 49 cereal- and milk-based infant formulas) obtained from different markets in Ankara (Turkey). Potential HMF and F compounds were determined by HPLC. Mean levels (± ...
Lain Samantha J SJ Clinical and Population Perinatal Health Research, Kolling Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
Studies examining the relationship between maternal and infant thyroid parameters have shown conflicting results. Record linkage provides an opportunity to examine the association between maternal and infant thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels. Our aim was to demonstrate the feasibility of record linkage of newborn screening (NBS), laboratory and birth databases for ...
Nissen Susanne P SP Hans Christian Andersen Children's Hospital, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, - - 2014
Long-term studies of the predictive value of family history and cord blood IgE level until adulthood are few, and their conclusions have been contradictory. Screening of total IgE in 1617 cord blood samples was performed in a Danish birth cohort. All infants with cord blood IgE (CB-IgE) ≥0.5 kU/l and a ...
Magoha Happy H Research Group Food Chemistry and Human Nutrition-nutriFOODchem, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Food and Nutrition, Open University of Tanzania (OUT), Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
Infants less than 6 months of age receiving foods other than breast milk are at a high risk of exposure to mycotoxins. We surveyed food intake and estimated the risk of exposures to aflatoxin and fumonisin mycotoxins for infants less than 6 months of age in Northern Tanzania. A total ...
Liu Xiao-Ming XM Department of Neurology, Xuzhou Children's Hospital, Xuzhou, 221006, Jiangsu, China, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to explore the incidence of inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) in infants with infantile spasms (IS), with an attempt to improve the early diagnosis and etiological and symptomatic treatment. Urine and blood samples were collected from 60 IS patients and analyzed for the quantification of ...
Xu Long L Laboratory of Environmental Medicine and Developmental Toxicology, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China; Provincial Key Laboratory of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Immunopathology, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, - - 2014
Our aim of this study was to characterize the exposure pattern of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in human placenta and assess their potential effects on neonates. Placenta samples were obtained from a typical e-waste area in Guiyu and a reference area in Haojiang, China. The median ∑PBDE concentration was 32.25 ng/g ...
Sunderam Saswati - - 2014
Since the first U.S. infant conceived with Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of advanced technologies to overcome infertility and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which both eggs and embryos ...
Lancz Kinga K Slovak Medical University, Limbová 14, 83303 Bratislava, Slovakia. Electronic address: - - 2015
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are toxic, persistent, and bioaccumulative chemicals which, because of their lipophilic properties, are abundant in human breast milk. Breastfed infants are therefore at risk of being exposed to considerable amounts of PCBs. The commonly used exposure estimations, based solely on breast milk PCB levels and duration of ...
Gossai Anala A Institute of Quantitative Biomedical Sciences, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH 03755, - - 2015
Leptin is an important pleiotropic hormone involved in the regulation of nutrient intake and energy expenditure, and is known to influence body weight in infants and adults. High maternal levels of arsenic have been associated with reduced infant birth weight, but the mechanism of action is not yet understood. This ...
Bersani Iliana I Department of Medical and Surgical Neonatology, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
Histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) is an intrauterine status of inflammation which may lead to the fetal inflammatory response syndrome. Inflammation is a pathogenetic mechanism also of preeclampsia, although not of microbial origin. The aim of the present pilot study was to evaluate the pattern of inflammatory cytokines in mothers and high-risk ...
Fulda Kimberly G - - 2014
BackgroundThe purpose was to examine the association between paternal race/ethnicity and very low birth weight stratified by maternal race/ethnicity.MethodsBirth data for Tarrant County, Texas 2006¿2010 were analyzed. Very low birth weight was dichotomized as yes (<1,500 g) and no (¿1,500 g). Paternal race/ethnicity was categorized as Caucasian, African American, Hispanic, other, and ...
Moraes T J TJ Physiology and Experimental Medicine Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
It is hypothesised that complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors give rise to allergy and asthma in childhood. The Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) study was designed to explore these factors. CHILD is a longitudinal, general population birth cohort study following infants from mid-pregnancy to age 5 years. ...
Salzer Wanda L WL U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, - - 2014
Infants with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have a poor prognosis. Intensification of therapy has resulted in fewer relapses but increased early deaths, resulting in failure to improve survival. AALL0631 is a Phase 3 study for infants (<366 days of age) with newly diagnosed ALL. Induction initially (Cohort 1) consisted of ...
Kaseva Nina N National Institute for Health and Welfare, Diabetes Prevention Unit, Helsinki, Finland; Children's Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Unimpaired adults born preterm at very low birth weight (<1500 g) consistently have lower conditioning physical activity than those born at term. We used wrist-worn accelerometers to measure objectively physical activity in 57 very low birth weight and 47 control subjects aged 25 years. We found no difference in any physical activity ...
König Kai K Department of Paediatrics, Mercy Hospital for Women, 163 Studley Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3084, Australia, - - 2014
To evaluate a simplified gentamicin extended-interval dosing regimen in a large cohort of preterm and term newborns, we conducted a retrospective cohort study over a 4-year period. All inborn newborns who received gentamicin for the first episode of suspected or proven sepsis were eligible. Newborns received 4 mg/kg gentamicin intravenously 24-hourly, ...
Gassas Adam A Division of Hematology/Oncology/BMT, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
It is rare for infants, who are less than 365 days old, to receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Our objective was to review the indications, survival, and late effects of infants who received HSCT. Between April 1992 and March 2010, a total of 1,363 children underwent HSCT (775 allogeneic ...
Van Bang Nguyen N Department of Paediatrics, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Viet Nam; Department of Paediatrics, Bachmai Hospital, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe the epidemiology and clinical features of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) in Hanoi, Vietnam. Prospective surveillance of CRS between May 2011 and March 2012 in Hanoi, Vietnam. CRS burden was assessed by clinical examination and collection of serum samples from infants in neonatology, cardiology and pediatric departments of two ...
Kastenberg Zachary J ZJ Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California2Center for Health Policy/Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
There has been a significant expansion in the number of low-level and midlevel neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in recent decades. Infants with necrotizing enterocolitis represent a high-risk subgroup of the very low-birth-weight (VLBW) (<1500 g) population that would benefit from focused regionalization. To describe the current trend toward deregionalization ...
Audu Rosemary Ajuma RA Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, Human Virology Laboratory , 6 Edmond Crescent , Off Murtala Mohammed Way, , Yaba , Lagos, Nigeria , P.M.B. 2013 , +234 8035017790 ; - - 2014
Background: Nigeria has one of the highest HIV burdens as well as mother-to-infant transmission rates in the world. A pilot program using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based testing of dried blood spot (DBS) specimens was implemented to enable early identification of HIV-infected infants and timely referral and linkage to care. Method: ...
Jemal Ahmedin A All authors, Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA. - - 2014
Although disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) with regard to race, socioeconomic status, and geography are well documented, the extent to which these factors contribute to premature death resulting from CRC nationwide and by state is unknown. We calculated age-standardized CRC death rates for three broad educational categories as a marker ...
Medellín-Garibay Susanna E SE Departamento de Farmacia, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Av. Manuel Nava # 6, Zip Code: 78210, San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. México - - 2014
The aim of this study is to characterize and validate the population pharmacokinetics of gentamicin in infants and to determine the influence of clinically relevant covariates to explain the inter- and intra-individual variability associated to this drug. Infants receiving IV gentamicin and with routine therapeutic drug monitoring were consecutively enrolled ...
Giannì M L ML Fondazione I.R.C.C.S. Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Clinical Science and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Prematurity is associated with features of metabolic syndrome in young adulthood. We investigated the body composition and blood pressure of children born preterm. A longitudinal, observational study was conducted with preterm infants who had a birth weight of less than <1500g and a gestational age of less than 32 weeks. ...
Rueda Cesar M CM Division of Immunobiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Regulatory T-cells (Treg) have a protective role for the control of immune activation and tissue damage. The effects of chorioamnionitis (chorio) on Treg in moderate/late preterm newborns are not known. We hypothesized that infants exposed to chorio would have decreased Treg frequency and/or function. We isolated mononuclear cells from adult ...
Jones Anderson A School of Paediatrics and Child Health Research, University of Western Australia; Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western - - 2014
Vitamin D (25[OH]D3) status in early life has been linked to the risk of allergic disease in multiple observational studies. While immunomodulating properties are well-recognised there are few longitudinal studies of 25(OH)D3 status, immune function and allergic disease in infants. To investigate 25(OH)D3 levels at birth (cord blood [CB]) and ...
Víctor Arízaga-Ballesteros AB Tecnológico de Monterrey, Escuela de Medicina. Programa Multicéntrico de Residencias Médicas, - - 2014
Background and Objectives: The transmembrane glycoprotein TREM-1 triggers an inflammatory response. Its soluble fraction (sTREM-1) has been shown to have diagnostic accuracy for late-onset neonatal sepsis (LONS). Until now, the potential of sTREM-1 to predict septic shock and/or death in septic neonates has not been explored. This study obtained estimates ...
Gunes Sezgin S Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Izmir, - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between plasma chitotriosidase levels, an inflammatory protein secreted mainly from macrophages, and neonatal morbidity and mortality in premature infants. Cord blood chitotriosidase levels were studied in healthy control infants [53 term (Group 1) and 26 late preterm (33-37 gestational weeks) (Group 2)] and 35 preterm infants ...
Nnamani Nwamaka Pamela NP Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA - - 2014
There has been international debate on the infrequent occurrence of malignant hyperthermia in infants, where some reports state that this phenomenon does not exist in this age group; but the vast majority of studies counteract this argument. The proportion of documented cases in the infant population warrants a good review ...
Werner Klaus K Young Epilepsy, Surrey, UK; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, UK; Neurosciences Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, - - 2014
Objectives: This study investigates auditory processing in infants with West syndrome (WS) using event-related potentials (ERPs). Methods: ERPs were measured in 25 infants with mainly symptomatic WS (age range 3-14 months) and 26 healthy term infants (age range 3-14 months) using an auditory novelty oddball paradigm. The ERP recordings were ...
Gyamfi-Bannerman Cynthia C Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2014
To evaluate whether a second antenatal corticosteroid course is associated with an increased risk of neonatal sepsis after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM). This secondary analysis is a cohort study with data from the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units study on magnesium for neuroprotection. Women with singleton gestations and preterm PROM ...
Tsinisizeli Nikoleta N Faculty of Health and Caring Professions, Midwifery Department, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Agiou Spyridonos Str., 12210 Egaleo, Greece; Institute of Biology, Medicinal Chemistry and Biotechnology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 48 Vassileos Constantinou Ave., 11635 Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tobacco exposure during pregnancy is a major factor of morbidity and mortality for both the pregnant woman and the fetus. Several studies in the past have detected and quantified tobacco smoke biomarkers in infant meconium samples. Aim of this study was to measure prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke by detecting ...
Sadana Dinkar J DJ Department of Dermatology, Leprology and Venereology, Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
The spectrum of dermatological manifestations during neonatal period varies from transient self-limiting conditions to serious dermatoses; the latter, fortunately few, are disproportionately stressful to the parents, who due to lack of specialized pediatric dermatology clinics frequently get tossed between a dermatologist and a pediatrician. This study was formulated to record ...
Colak A A Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Tepecik Teaching and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey - - - 2014
Calcium supplementation during pregnancy was suggested to affect fetal growth. We aimed to investigate the association between calcium and phosphorus in cord blood and birth size parameters in term infants. The study included 70 pregnant women and their neonates. Birth weight, birth length and head circumference of the neonates were ...
Reichman Nancy E NE Department of Pediatrics, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare two salient neonatal outcomes-respiratory disorders and hyperbilirubinemia-between late-preterm (34-36 weeks) and full-term (37-41 weeks) singleton infants both at the population level and within families. Analyses were based on natality data on all births in the state of New Jersey from 1996 to 2006 linked ...
Ibrahim Abdallah A School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana, - - 2014
This research determined the levels and odds ratios for low birth weight (LBW) infants delivered under the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) compared to LBW infants delivered under the previous "Cash and Carry" system in Northern Ghana. Birth records of infants delivered before and after implementation of the NHIS in ...
Rouse Matthew H MH Department of Psychology, Emory University, 36 Eagle Row, Atlanta, GA 30322, United - - 2014
Accumulating evidence suggests that antenatal depression predicts infants' negative affectivity, albeit with variable effect sizes. With a prospective longitudinal design, we sought to explain that variability by addressing questions about timing of the depression across pregnancy and the early postpartum, the role of high symptom levels relative to diagnosed depression, ...
Haile Demewoz D Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Madawalabu University, Ethiopia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Even though many studies showed that infant and child feeding index has a statistically significant association with nutritional status, there is paucity of studies on stability of infant and child feeding index over time and its association with nutritional status of HIV exposed infants. This study aimed to investigate the ...
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