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Results 401 - 450 of 779
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Richter Elihu D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine why road deaths dropped by 33.9% in the United Kingdom, compared to 6.5% in the United States, between 1990 and 1999. METHODS: Deaths per billion vehicle kilometers traveled (D/BVKM), and case fatality rates (CFR) in the United States and the United Kingdom were tracked. Time trends in ...
Frank Bernd - - 2006
Dysregulation of apoptosis plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. As part of death receptor- and mitochondrion-mediated apoptosis, the homologues caspases 10 and 8 may act as low-penetrance breast cancer (BC) susceptibility genes. In death receptor-mediated apoptosis, engagement of death receptors by their ligands involves the assembly of the death-inducing signalling ...
Blanco Ignacio Matte - - 2005
Matte Blanco examines four paradoxical positions that arise out of Freud's writings on the death instinct. He notes that death is not a content known to the unconscious. Furthermore, the absence of time and space in the unconscious means that the conditions necessary for any process such as instinct are ...
Chintala Shravan K - - 2006
Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death is an important issue in Primary Open Angle-Glaucoma (POAG) in terms of both vision loss and health care costs. Yet, the pathophysiology underlying RGC death in glaucoma is unclear. A growing body of evidence indicates that proteases that modulate the extracellular matrix (ECM) milieu in ...
Colombo Sylviane - - 2005
The human species is alone in knowing it has to die, said Voltaire, but as much as we rationally know that we all die, we do not really believe it will happen to us. More than ever today the idea of death seems glaringly absurd, immoral even, in an age ...
Petersson Anna - - 2006
With the aim to characterize patterns in toxicological profile and manner of death in deceased users of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), a retrospective autopsy protocol study of 52 deceased users of AAS was undertaken. The AAS users were compared to 68 deceased users of amphetamine and/or heroin who were consecutively ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2005
The current investigation compared a measure of death obsession among 1,853 volunteer undergraduates from four Arab countries (Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon, and Syria) with 791 from three Western countries, i.e., Britain, Spain, and the USA. Comparable Arabic, Spanish, and English versions of the Death Obsession Scale were used. The mean scores ...
Vennemann B - - 2006
In deaths by hanging, it may sometimes be difficult to differentiate between autoerotic accident and suicide. Our report deals with a 30-year-old man who was found hanged in the living room of his flat. The deceased was wearing headphones connected to a PC. Within the deceased's view was a computer ...
Buchanich Jeanine M - - 2005
Complete and accurate ascertainment of vital status is of great importance in cohort studies. Recently, during the vital status ascertainment phase of an ongoing occupational mortality study, the authors discovered a potentially serious problem with use of the Pension Benefit Information Company's tracing service or any tracing that relies on ...
Váchová Libuse - - 2005
The existence of programmed cell death (PCD) in yeast and its significance to simple unicellular organisms is still questioned. However, such doubts usually do not reflect the fact that microorganisms in nature exist predominantly within structured, multicellular communities capable of differentiation, in which a profit of individual cells is subordinated ...
Koole Sander L - - 2005
The authors propose that wilderness is intrinsically associated with death, and, consequently, terror management concerns may promote more negative evaluations of wilderness. Consistent with this, wilderness inspired more thoughts about death than either cultivated nature or urban environments (Study 1), and death reminders reduced perceived beauty of wilderness (Study 2). ...
Schmeichel Brandon J - - 2005
To the extent that cultural worldviews provide meaning in the face of existential concerns, specifically the inevitability of death, affirming a valued aspect of one's worldview should render reminders of death less threatening. The authors report two studies in support of this view. In Study 1, mortality salience led to ...
Ehikhamenor Edeaghe Eni - - 2005
The number of deaths due to trauma from road traffic accidents (RTAs), and from the use of firearms either for homicide or armed robbery, ethnic conflicts, and other events, such as flooding, explosions from petroleum products, and religious violence, is on the rise in Nigeria. This preliminary study is a ...
Ojo Akinlolu O - - 2005
Previous measures of OPO performance based on population counts have been deemed inadequate, and the need for new methods has been widely accepted. This article explains recent developments in OPO performance evaluation methodology, including those developed by the SRTR. As a replacement for the previously established measure of OPO performance--donors ...
Anil Sukumarannair S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of removal and evaluate the associations among culling because of lameness and sow productivity traits among culled gilts and sows. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Data from a convenience sample of 11 farms pertaining to the removal of 51,795 gilts and sows from January 1991 to ...
Jonkman Sebastiaan N - - 2005
The objective of this paper is to investigate and to improve understanding of the causes and circumstances of flood disaster deaths. A standardised method of classifying flood deaths is proposed and the difficulties associated with comparing and assessing existing information on flood deaths are discussed. Thirteen flood cases from Europe ...
Shah Nina - - 2005
AIMS: To determine death rates from methadone over time, to characterize methadone-related death and to discuss public health surveillance of methadone-related death. DESIGN: We analyzed medical examiner data for all unintentional drug overdose deaths in New Mexico, USA, between 1998 and 2002. MEASUREMENTS: Age-adjusted death rates for methadone-related death, logistic ...
Ens Carla - - 2005
Relationships between bereavement following the death of a grandparent and adolescent death anxiety levels were examined using Hogan's Inventory of Bereavement and the revised Death Anxiety Scale within private schools. Of the 226 adolescent respondents (aged 11-18) who completed questionnaires, 124 had experienced the death of a grandparent. The regression ...
Lizza John P - - 2005
There has been growing concern about whether individuals who satisfy neurological criteria for death or who become non-heart-beating organ donors are really dead. This concern has focused on the issue of the potential for recovery that these individuals may still have and whether their conditions are irreversible. In this article ...
Cunningham Mark D - - 2005
Death-sentenced inmates in Missouri have been integrated or "mainstreamed" into the general population of the Potosi Correctional Center since 1991. By comparing the rate of violent misconduct among these mainstreamed death-sentenced inmates with that of the life-without-parole and parole eligible inmates under fully integrated conditions of confinement, this study provides ...
Knudsen S K - - 2005
This review addresses the diagnosis of insensibility and death in various species so as to evaluate the validity of the current criteria used to judge death in hunted whales by the International Whaling Commission (IWC). The only other species in which official criteria of death have been formulated is humans ...
Glysch Randall L - - 2005
In 2003, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) awarded the Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services, Injury Prevention Program, a grant to participate in a multistate project called the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). The purpose of the Wisconsin Violent Death Reporting System (WVDRS) is to ...
Nesime Yayci - - 2004
This study determined the spectrum of deaths due to acute agrochemical poisoning in Turkey. Data was obtained from all autopsy reports performed between 1997 and 2001, compiled by the Institute of Forensic Medicine (which is a department of the Ministry of Justice), and evaluated retrospectively. There were 3990 deaths by ...
Gancz Ady Y - - 2004
From July to September 2002, an outbreak of West Nile virus (WNV) caused a high number of deaths in captive owls at the Owl Foundation, Vineland, Ontario, Canada. Peak death rates occurred in mid-August, and the epidemiologic curve resembled that of corvids in the surrounding Niagara region. The outbreak occurred ...
Miyatake Takahisa - - 2004
The adaptation of death-feigning (thanatosis), a subject that has been overlooked in evolutionary biology, was inferred in a model prey-and-predator system. We studied phenotypic variation among individuals, fitness differences, and the inheritance of death-feigning behaviour in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Two-way artificial selections for the ...
Horne Benjamin D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiac valvular diseases contribute to >42,000 deaths yearly in the United States, but the role of genetics in these deaths is unknown. This study evaluated the familiality of death resulting from aortic, mitral, and all valvular diseases using a population-based genealogy linked to death records. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ...
Leichtentritt Ronit D - - 2004
The study examines descriptions by 14 Israeli young adults of the least undesirable death. The transcripts of essays and interviews were analyzed by phenomenological methods to determine themes and interpret their synthesis into the essence of the phenomenon. The least undesirable death was perceived as multi-dimensional, based on 4 themes: ...
Hauser Robert G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to understand the causes of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) failure and complications so that adverse events, including unnecessary death, can be prevented. BACKGROUND: Sudden death may occur if an ICD fails to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS: The United States Food and Drug ...
Caldicott David G E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify deaths in Australasia associated with overdose of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its precursors (gamma-butyrolactone and 1,4-butanediol). DESIGN: A retrospective search of medical and scientific information sources, as well as popular newsprint, for the period January 2000-August 2003, with formal clinical, toxicological and forensic evaluation of retrieved data. MAIN ...
Shewmon D Alan - - 2004
American society traditionally has assumed a univocal notion of "death," largely because we have only one word for it and, until recently, have not needed a more nuanced notion. The reality of death-processes does not preclude the reality of death events. Linguistically, "death" can be understood only as an event; ...
Hanin Leonid G - - 2004
The iterated birth and death Markov process is defined as an n-fold iteration of a birth and death Markov process describing kinetics of certain population combined with random killing of individuals in the population at moments tau 1,...,tau n with given survival probabilities s1,...,sn. A long-standing problem of computing the ...
O'Halloran Ronald L - - 2004
Reenactment of the circumstances in deaths associated with restraint, utilizing participants and witnesses while memories are fresh, may help death investigators more accurately determine the cause of death. Two recent deaths in Ventura County that occurred during restraint are discussed. Within a day of the autopsies the restrainers agreed to ...
Serwint Janet R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe residents' exposure and reactions to pediatric deaths, their debriefing experiences, and factors associated with debriefing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey completed at the end of residency. The survey reflected experiences from the prior 18 months concerning number, type, and setting of deaths; resident reactions; whether resident debriefed and ...
Walters Geoffrey - - 2004
The idea of a 'good death' is one which has been central to the palliative care movement but which in fact predates it. A number of recent articles have grappled with the concept. It is a subject which is difficult to quantify scientifically and this article explores the territory using ...
Bryant W K - - 2004
AIMS: Methadone treatment has been shown to be an effective intervention that can lower the risk of heroin-induced overdose death. Recent reports have suggested increases in methadone-induced overdose deaths in several locations in the USA and in Europe. This study investigated the role of methadone and opiates in accidental overdose ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2004
A sample of 75 (16 men, and 59 women) Kuwaiti college students responded to Templer's and Collett-Lester Death Anxiety Scales, Templer, et al.'s Death Depression Scale and Abdel-Khalek's Death Obsession Scale. A general high-loaded factor of death distress was extracted using the total scores. However, in using the Collett-Lester four ...
Gade-Andavolu Radhika - - 2004
PURPOSE: The interaction between chemokines and their receptors is extremely important in controlling T cell migration into sites of CNS inflammation. Because trafficking of inflammatory T cells into the central nervous system (CNS) is a key player in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), we investigated the possible association of ...
Smith Gary - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Reexamine the claim that elderly Chinese-American women are able to prolong their lives until after the celebration of the Harvest Moon Festival. METHODS: See if independent 1985 to 2000 data for Chinese-, Korean-, and Vietnamese-Americans replicate results that were reported using 1960 to 1984 data for Chinese-Americans. RESULTS: The ...
Tango Toshiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Great public concern about health effects of dioxins emitted from municipal solid waste incinerators has increased in Japan. This paper investigates the association of adverse reproductive outcomes with maternal residential proximity to municipal solid waste incinerators. METHODS: The association of adverse reproductive outcomes with mothers living within 10 km ...
van der Geest Sjaak - - 2004
People in Kwahu-Tafo, a rural town in Southern Ghana, regard a peaceful death as a 'good death'. 'Peaceful' refers to the dying person having finished all business and made peace with others before his/her death and implies being at peace with his/her own death. It further refers to the manner ...
Van Hooff Anton J L - - 2004
This article maps the concept of 'good death' (euthanasia) in the ancient world and explores the marginal role of the doctor at a 'good dying'. His assistance was not needed when the Homeric warrior died as a hero and was expected to accept death with resignation. Later the city-state regarded ...
Spronk Klaas - - 2004
In the view of the ancient Israelites, as expressed in the Hebrew Bible, death is good or at least acceptable (1) after a long life, (2) when a person dies in peace, (3) when there is continuity in the relation with the ancestors and the heirs, and (4) when one ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2004
This study examined the dimensional structure of Templer's Death Anxiety Scale and Abdel-Khalek's Death Obsession Scale. The responses of 289 Spanish students to the Spanish forms of both scales were evaluated by means of a principal components analysis with varimax rotation. Three significant factors were identified: Death Obsession, Cognitive-Affective, and ...
Dennison K J - - 2004
A partial calvaria, dredged from the sea-bed some years previously, was referred to us for examination. The presence of a well-established mollusc colony on the vault allowed us to establish a minimum elapsed time since death. Such a cross-disciplinary co-operative study is of great advantage in expediting a satisfactory conclusion.
Taira Takahiro - - 2004
Deletion and point (L166P) mutations of DJ-1 have recently been shown to be responsible for the onset of familial Parkinson's disease (PD, PARK7). The aim of this study was to determine the role of DJ-1 in PD. We first found that DJ-1 eliminated hydrogen peroxide in vitro by oxidizing itself. ...
Goldstone Antony R - - 2004
To investigate attitudes of cardiac surgeons and anaesthetists towards working immediately after an intraoperative death and to establish whether an intraoperative death affects the outcome of subsequent surgery. Questionnaire on attitudes to working after an intraoperative death and matched cohort study. UK adult cardiac surgery centres and regional cardiothoracic surgical ...
Hudson Diana - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To describe the patterns associated with cold-water immersion and drowning in commercial fishermen in Alaska from 1990 through 2002. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study using data from the Alaska Occupational Surveillance System (AOISS), a database with records from all occupational mortalities occurring in Alaska from 1990 on. ...
Gastrell Julie - - 2004
Legally uncertified deaths are unusual, with not more than a few hundred occurring each year. However, they are of interest because they have increased in number over the last 25 years. This article examines the circumstances under which deaths become legally uncertified and presents information on their characteristics and recent ...
Koehler Steven A - - 2003
During the interaction between a criminal suspect and a law enforcement officer, the risk of death to the suspect, police, or civilians is increased. Unfortunately, very little information is available on the death risks arising from this interaction. This study provides an assessment of the risk of death to law ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2003
The aim of this study was to examine the concurrent and divergent validity of the Spanish form of Templer's Death Anxiety Scale. A sample of 328 Spanish students responded anonymously to a questionnaire which, in addition to the Death Anxiety Scale, included the Spanish forms of two death anxiety scales ...
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