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Results 401 - 450 of 700
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Roff Lucinda Lee - - 2002
This study examined the applicability of the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale (MFODS; J.W.Hoetler, 1979a) in Lithuania, a culture where death anxiety has not been studied previously. It also ascertained the relationship between death anxiety and a multidimensional measure of religiosity. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that MFODS structure fit the ...
Clancy Luke - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Particulate air pollution episodes have been associated with increased daily death. However, there is little direct evidence that diminished particulate air pollution concentrations would lead to reductions in death rates. We assessed the effect of air pollution controls--ie, the ban on coal sales--on particulate air pollution and death rates ...
Darwish A - - 2002
A cluster of infant deaths due to severe metabolic acidosis following immunization was reported in a prosperous farming village in Egypt. Fears that more deaths might occur, and of a deleterious effect on national immunization programs prompted an urgent investigation by national and international partners. The deaths, and other previously ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2002
Previous research has disclosed different meanings of death, varieties of death anxiety, and hundreds of factors extracted from the uni- and multi-dimensional death anxiety scales. However, there have been no empirical studies to elucidate the reasons for death fear. The Reasons for Death Fear Scale (RDFS) was constructed and validated. ...
Sheen Christopher L - - 2002
AIMS: To investigate the death rate due to paracetamol poisoning in Scotland and what effect the reduction in over-the-counter paracetamol pack sizes in 1998 had on the death rate. METHODS: Records from 1994 to 2000 were examined to identify the number and annual incidence of paracetamol-related deaths. Numbers of deaths ...
Margerison Beverley J - - 2002
The aim of this contribution is to examine the effect of an indiscriminate epidemic on a population to assess whether or not a catastrophic event can be identified from examination of paleodemographic data. Using paleodemographic techniques, the death assemblage from the Royal Mint site, London, a Black Death cemetery dated ...
Wetli Charles V - - 2002
Revolvers with an open cylinder were found at three death scenes of apparently self-inflicted gunshot wounds. All three handguns were Smith & Wesson.38 or.357 revolvers. Investigation revealed that firing the gun with the thumb on the cylinder release latch could disengage the cylinder. A combination of gravity and recoil impact ...
Caplehorn John R M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the signs and symptoms and circumstances of fatal methadone toxicity and investigate the role of benzodiazepines in these deaths. METHODS: Data were extracted from 1994 New South Wales (NSW) coronial files and cause of death established independently. Cases were grouped according to the likely source of methadone. ...
Noyes Russell R - - 2002
Although fear of death has been linked to hypochondriasis, the relationship of this fear to the disorder has received little study. To address this deficiency, we administered a fear of death scale along with measures of hypochondriasis, including the Whiteley Index and Somatic Symptom Inventory, to 162 general medical outpatients. ...
Mimasaka Sohtaro - - 2002
We investigated the usefulness of cytokine measurement in the field of forensic medicine. In this study, the levels of Interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in serum collected within 2 days after death were used to estimate the cause of death. In seventy-one victims, mean age 55.5 +/- 17.7 (S.D.) years, ...
Gill James R - - 2002
We reviewed all 50 body packer deaths in New York City from 1990 to 2001. The majority (37/50) of deaths were caused by acute intoxications due to open or leaking drug packets in the gastrointestinal tract. The number of packets recovered ranged from 1 to 111 (average 46). The weight ...
Mayo David J - - 2002
One of the most potent arguments against physician-assisted death hinges on the worry that people with disabilities will be subtly coerced to accept death prematurely. The argument is flawed. There is nothing new in PAD: the risk of coercion is already present in current policies about end of life care. ...
Gutiérrez-Ospina Gabriel - - 2002
Developmental neuronal death ensues after access of innervating neurons to target-derived neurotrophic factors is restricted. Recent evidence suggests, however, that growth factors such as those of the insulin family modulate neuronal death through autocrine/paracrine mechanisms. In rats, retinal ganglion neurons (RGNs) undergo massive death during early postnatal life. During this ...
James H - - 2002
Australia has a unique collection of native fauna, which is often threatened by physical harm or the destruction of its habitat and conservation of endangered species is a primary concern. Investigation of the recent deaths of Bettongs in Lincoln National Park, South Australia was undertaken by the Forensic Odontology Unit, ...
Kelly Anne-Maree - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the most effective cut-off of TRISS-derived probability of survival (TRISS-PS) for the selection of trauma deaths for audit, using a large sample of trauma deaths from the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: TRISS-PS and avoidability of death (as judged by an independent peer review panel) were compared for ...
Schuiling G A - - 2002
Euthanasia is, and probably will remain a controversial issue. Although many doctors will agree that under certain circumstances a demand for euthanasia should be granted (and in fact often is granted when the occasion arises), the subject generally gives rise to very emotional debates. Attempts to decriminalize euthanasia generally fail, ...
Johnson Lawrence - - 2002
I discuss the Principle of Double Effect (PDE) as a means of exploring aspects of the motivation of active voluntary euthanasia (a.v.e). It is argued that the objective of a.v.e. is not death but the relief of suffering. Nor is death the means, it is a concomitant. I entertain no ...
Edwards Erick B - - 2002
The OPTN implemented a revised system (MELD/ PELD) for the allocation of cadaveric livers on February 27, 2002. When compared with an earlier era, preliminary results indicate that transplant rates remain similar by gender, ethnicity, age group (adult and pediatric) and for most principal diagnoses. Both the actual number of ...
Patil Rajan R - - 2002
Andhra Pradesh, a southern state of India has been in the news for cotton farmers' deaths/suicides since 1998. The occurrence of 12 deaths among the farmers in the years 2001-2002 clustering around September-October expedited the investigation. The objective of our investigation was to identify the circumstances leading to death of ...
DuBois James M - - 2002
This article offers a philosophical foundation for the Uniform Determination of Death Act as it first examines death per se, and then examines brain death and the non-heart beating donor criteria for determining death. The author suggests that many of the debates over death can be bypassed by changing the ...
Stoupel E - - 2002
Thirty percent of cardiovascular deaths cannot be explained by known risk factors. In this study, we sought links between 1) circannual rhythmicity, solar activity (SA) - sunspot number, solar radioflux and geomagnetic activity (GMA) - Ap., Cp., Am. with monthly number of deaths looking for environmental influence on mortality at ...
Wehner F - - 2001
To improve the possibilities of delimitating the time of death after longer laytime it was examined if this is possible by immunohistochemical detection of calcitonin. The results show that in our examination material the c-cells of the thyroid glands of up to 4-day-old corpses produce a positive immunoreaction towards calcitonin ...
Shah R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The prescription of antidepressants has increased substantially over the last 10 years. It is therefore timely to examine trends in mortality associated with overdoses of antidepressants and to compare the relative mortality associated with different antidepressants. METHODS: Data were derived from a newly developed national database of deaths from ...
Porritt E - - 2001
My recent study investigated the phenomenon of readiness for death by analysing texts resulting from interviews with ten participants confronting their own death. The methodology was grounded in phenomenological philosophy. This paper focuses on the interpretations of the experiences of one participant, Charlie. Individual themes are discussed in the context ...
Fineschi V - - 2001
Recent studies suggest that many fatal heroin overdoses are caused by anaphylactoid reaction. In the present study we measured tryptase and eosinophil cationic protein in post-mortem blood of 48 deaths after heroin injection. We also investigated the presence and pulmonary distribution of mast-cells using specific immunohistochemical antibody for tryptase and ...
Hallstrom A P - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: It is generally considered that death is the only appropriate endpoint to evaluate interventions for preventing death; however, this belief may be based on the previous use of inappropriate or inadequate surrogates for death. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether rehospitalization following implementation of an intervention ...
Gannett P M - - 2001
Barbiturates are widely used as sedatives, hypnotics, and antiepileptics, and, when coupled with their narrow therapeutic index, the probability that their use will result in accidental or intentional death is significant. When barbiturates are implicated in a murder or suicide, analysis for their presence is often required. Under certain conditions, ...
Patel F - - 2001
A toxicological analysis is mandatory in the investigation of sudden deaths, which in drug abusers may be due to many factors. In some instances the toxicology may be essentially negative and requires an explanation for the cause of death. The case report illustrates a challenge for forensic practitioners when 'death ...
Campobasso C P - - 2001
An adequate death investigation requires the combined efforts and cooperation of experts in different disciplines: crime scene technicians, death investigators, forensic pathologists, anthropologists, entomologists, other medical and non-medical professionals. These front-line experts play a crucial role in every death investigation process. The forensic pathologist normally has the legal authority to ...
Li Q Y - - 2001
Using the inactivation of mitochondrial and cytosolic aconitases as markers of compartment-specific superoxide (O2(-)) production, we show that oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) or excitotoxin exposure produce a time-dependent inactivation of mitochondrial, but not cytosolic, aconitase in cortical cultures. To determine if mitochondrial O2(-) production was an important determinant in neuronal death ...
Morioka M - - 2001
Japan has been holding a nationwide debate over the nature of death for nearly twenty years. That debate led eventually to a law that gives citizens the opportunity to choose which of two views of death will apply to their own death. That law is now up for revision, and ...
Kroth J - - 2001
Dream characteristics of 29 women from a graduate program were correlated with scores on the Sensation-Seeking and Death Anxiety scales. Significant positive correlations were obtained between Sensation Seeking and dream frequency (.38), meaningful dreams (.38), and Openness and depth of dreaming (.39) as well as between Thrill-seeking and dream frequency ...
DeVita M A - - 2001
In the past, inadequate diagnostic instruments sometimes led to incorrect diagnoses of death, so careful and prolonged observation--the "death watch"--was required. Diagnostic instruments are now accurate and determining the presence or absence of circulation and cerebral function is easy in virtually all cases. Still, ambiguity and controversy in diagnosing death ...
Casarett D - - 2001
This consensus paper describes the essential skills that clinicians need to help persons who are experiencing grief after the death of a loved one. Four aspects of the grieving process are reviewed: anticipatory grief, acute grief, normal grief reactions, and complicated grief. Techniques for assessment and recommendations about interventions and ...
Jones S F - - 2001
Biomedicine is a global enterprise constructed upon the belief in the universality of scientific truths. However, despite huge scientific advances over recent decades it has not been able to formulate a specific and universal definition of death: In fact, in its attempt to redefine death, the concept of death appears ...
O'Connor A R - - 2001
Low birth weight infants are at greater risk of ophthalmic morbidity compared to children born at term. There are numerous studies detailing the outcome of low birth weight infants and the purpose of this paper is to discuss and summarize these studies, focusing on the long term effects on visual ...
Nadesan K - - 2001
Deaths due to plastic bag suffocation or plastic bag asphyxia are not reported in Malaysia. In the West many suicides by plastic bag asphyxia, particularly in the elderly and those who are chronically and terminally ill, have been reported. Accidental deaths too are not uncommon in the West, both among ...
Huey R B - - 2001
An 8000-m peak bring challenges of extremes of hypoxia and weather as well as the normal hazards of climbing itself. These challenges have taken a severe toll: 604 mountaineers have died on those great peaks since 1950. Little is known about whether mountain height, use of supplemental oxygen, or team ...
Alsop J C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The Christmas period road toll is a highly publicized 'summary' of the number of road deaths that occur each year during New Zealand's summer holiday period. Our aims were to identify significant changes in the Christmas road toll during 1968-98, highlight the ability to detect changes and determine if ...
Vickio C J - - 2000
Many of us assume that life is highly predictable, subject to our control, and destined to continue indefinitely. Although such perspectives on life afford us a sense of security, these views tend to be incompatible with the experience of death. This article outlines the benefits of assimilating death into our ...
Ely S F - - 2000
Conjunctival and facial petechiae, although nonspecific findings, are considered hallmarks of asphyxial deaths. Consensus in the literature suggests that their pathogenesis is related to the combined effects of increased cephalic venous pressure and hypoxic damage to endothelial cells. Despite the common knowledge that they are neither predictable findings in all ...
Pillai D R - - 2000
Amoebiasis is responsible for 50000-100000 deaths annually. Invasive amoebic disease begins with the attachment of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites to colonic mucin, a process mediated by the amoebic Gal/GalNAc lectin. The non-pathogenic counterpart, E. dispar, is morphologically identical but genetically distinct. Investigations comparing the Gal/GalNac lectin from these two organisms are ...
Christen A G - - 2000
The search for a modern, humane method of criminal execution was triggered by a freak accident which occurred in Buffalo, New York in 1881. Dr. Alfred P. Southwick (a former steam-boat engineer, noted dentist and dental educator) happened to witness an intoxicated man die after he inadvertently touched a live ...
Schwartz J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the association between SO(2) and daily deaths in Philadelphia during the years 1974-88 is due to its correlation with airborne particles, and vice versa. METHODS: There is a significant variation in the relation between total suspended particulate (TSP) and SO(2) in Philadelphia by year and season. ...
Forsell Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to study the 3-year outcome of death wishes in an elderly population. METHOD: 1099 very elderly people were examined extensively by physicians, including a structured psychiatric interview. Three years later those who had survived were re-examined (n = 683) using a similar procedure. ...
Wehner F - - 2000
To improve the possibilities to delimit the time of death after longer laytime it was examined if this is possible by immunohistochemical detection of thyroglobulin. The results show that in our examination material the colloid and the follicular cells of the thyroid glands of up to 5-day-old corpses produce a ...
Terrado J - - 2000
Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes the survival of several neuronal populations, but recently it has also been shown to induce neuronal cell death. Here we report the effects of NGF on lesioned motoneurons. We have analyzed facial and sciatic motoneurons in newborn and adult BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice, in addition ...
Leistikow B N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Deaths of parents often harm their children, taxpayers, and society, for decades. So we estimated the smoking-attributable (SA) counts and percentages (SA%) of U.S. 1994 deaths at child-rearing ages; youths (ages <18) left motherless or fatherless; and resulting Social Security Survivors Insurance taxes. DESIGN: U.S. 1994 age/sex/education-specific total and ...
Lee P - - 2000
Earlier studies reported a decline in September mortality in New York City and Budapest during years when Yom Kippur was in the interval September 28 through October 3, and fewer deaths among Californians with Jewish surnames during the week preceding Passover than during the week after Passover. These studies suggest ...
Warren B - - 2000
This paper reports a study concerned with an attempt to understand the manner in which individuals at high objective risk of death through their own behaviour, understand the phenomenon of death, and their own death. It is an extension of an earlier empirical study (Warren et al., 1994) which in ...
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