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Shewmon D Alan - - 2004
American society traditionally has assumed a univocal notion of "death," largely because we have only one word for it and, until recently, have not needed a more nuanced notion. The reality of death-processes does not preclude the reality of death events. Linguistically, "death" can be understood only as an event; ...
Hanin Leonid G - - 2004
The iterated birth and death Markov process is defined as an n-fold iteration of a birth and death Markov process describing kinetics of certain population combined with random killing of individuals in the population at moments tau 1,...,tau n with given survival probabilities s1,...,sn. A long-standing problem of computing the ...
O'Halloran Ronald L - - 2004
Reenactment of the circumstances in deaths associated with restraint, utilizing participants and witnesses while memories are fresh, may help death investigators more accurately determine the cause of death. Two recent deaths in Ventura County that occurred during restraint are discussed. Within a day of the autopsies the restrainers agreed to ...
Serwint Janet R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe residents' exposure and reactions to pediatric deaths, their debriefing experiences, and factors associated with debriefing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey completed at the end of residency. The survey reflected experiences from the prior 18 months concerning number, type, and setting of deaths; resident reactions; whether resident debriefed and ...
Walters Geoffrey - - 2004
The idea of a 'good death' is one which has been central to the palliative care movement but which in fact predates it. A number of recent articles have grappled with the concept. It is a subject which is difficult to quantify scientifically and this article explores the territory using ...
Bryant W K - - 2004
AIMS: Methadone treatment has been shown to be an effective intervention that can lower the risk of heroin-induced overdose death. Recent reports have suggested increases in methadone-induced overdose deaths in several locations in the USA and in Europe. This study investigated the role of methadone and opiates in accidental overdose ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2004
A sample of 75 (16 men, and 59 women) Kuwaiti college students responded to Templer's and Collett-Lester Death Anxiety Scales, Templer, et al.'s Death Depression Scale and Abdel-Khalek's Death Obsession Scale. A general high-loaded factor of death distress was extracted using the total scores. However, in using the Collett-Lester four ...
Gade-Andavolu Radhika - - 2004
PURPOSE: The interaction between chemokines and their receptors is extremely important in controlling T cell migration into sites of CNS inflammation. Because trafficking of inflammatory T cells into the central nervous system (CNS) is a key player in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), we investigated the possible association of ...
Smith Gary - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Reexamine the claim that elderly Chinese-American women are able to prolong their lives until after the celebration of the Harvest Moon Festival. METHODS: See if independent 1985 to 2000 data for Chinese-, Korean-, and Vietnamese-Americans replicate results that were reported using 1960 to 1984 data for Chinese-Americans. RESULTS: The ...
Tango Toshiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Great public concern about health effects of dioxins emitted from municipal solid waste incinerators has increased in Japan. This paper investigates the association of adverse reproductive outcomes with maternal residential proximity to municipal solid waste incinerators. METHODS: The association of adverse reproductive outcomes with mothers living within 10 km ...
van der Geest Sjaak - - 2004
People in Kwahu-Tafo, a rural town in Southern Ghana, regard a peaceful death as a 'good death'. 'Peaceful' refers to the dying person having finished all business and made peace with others before his/her death and implies being at peace with his/her own death. It further refers to the manner ...
Van Hooff Anton J L - - 2004
This article maps the concept of 'good death' (euthanasia) in the ancient world and explores the marginal role of the doctor at a 'good dying'. His assistance was not needed when the Homeric warrior died as a hero and was expected to accept death with resignation. Later the city-state regarded ...
Spronk Klaas - - 2004
In the view of the ancient Israelites, as expressed in the Hebrew Bible, death is good or at least acceptable (1) after a long life, (2) when a person dies in peace, (3) when there is continuity in the relation with the ancestors and the heirs, and (4) when one ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2004
This study examined the dimensional structure of Templer's Death Anxiety Scale and Abdel-Khalek's Death Obsession Scale. The responses of 289 Spanish students to the Spanish forms of both scales were evaluated by means of a principal components analysis with varimax rotation. Three significant factors were identified: Death Obsession, Cognitive-Affective, and ...
Dennison K J - - 2004
A partial calvaria, dredged from the sea-bed some years previously, was referred to us for examination. The presence of a well-established mollusc colony on the vault allowed us to establish a minimum elapsed time since death. Such a cross-disciplinary co-operative study is of great advantage in expediting a satisfactory conclusion.
Taira Takahiro - - 2004
Deletion and point (L166P) mutations of DJ-1 have recently been shown to be responsible for the onset of familial Parkinson's disease (PD, PARK7). The aim of this study was to determine the role of DJ-1 in PD. We first found that DJ-1 eliminated hydrogen peroxide in vitro by oxidizing itself. ...
Goldstone Antony R - - 2004
To investigate attitudes of cardiac surgeons and anaesthetists towards working immediately after an intraoperative death and to establish whether an intraoperative death affects the outcome of subsequent surgery. Questionnaire on attitudes to working after an intraoperative death and matched cohort study. UK adult cardiac surgery centres and regional cardiothoracic surgical ...
Hudson Diana - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To describe the patterns associated with cold-water immersion and drowning in commercial fishermen in Alaska from 1990 through 2002. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study using data from the Alaska Occupational Surveillance System (AOISS), a database with records from all occupational mortalities occurring in Alaska from 1990 on. ...
Gastrell Julie - - 2004
Legally uncertified deaths are unusual, with not more than a few hundred occurring each year. However, they are of interest because they have increased in number over the last 25 years. This article examines the circumstances under which deaths become legally uncertified and presents information on their characteristics and recent ...
Koehler Steven A - - 2003
During the interaction between a criminal suspect and a law enforcement officer, the risk of death to the suspect, police, or civilians is increased. Unfortunately, very little information is available on the death risks arising from this interaction. This study provides an assessment of the risk of death to law ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2003
The aim of this study was to examine the concurrent and divergent validity of the Spanish form of Templer's Death Anxiety Scale. A sample of 328 Spanish students responded anonymously to a questionnaire which, in addition to the Death Anxiety Scale, included the Spanish forms of two death anxiety scales ...
Xiang Huiyun - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the trend and injury patterns of deaths associated with snow skiing in Colorado between 1980 and 2001. METHODS: Death certificates were searched electronically and reviewed manually. Total skier ticket sales were used to calculate death rates. Types of injuries and characteristics of those who died were investigated. ...
Bohannon Richard W - - 2003
PURPOSE: The goal of this study of 326 patients surviving index hospitalization for stroke was to: 1) document deaths and readmissions and 2) describe the association of selected variables with these outcomes. METHODS: Stroke severity data were retrieved from our Stroke Center's database; demographics and information relevant to index and ...
Bartle Samuel T - - 2003
In May 1996, Alabama increased the rural interstate highways speed limit to 70 mph. This study was conducted to determine if the faster speed limit had any influence on the number of motor vehicular crash (MVC) deaths. The null hypothesis was that no significant change occurred in the number of ...
Lunetta Philippe - - 2003
Drowning is one of the leading causes of death when the manner of death remains undetermined. In the present study, we examined the epidemiological and medico-legal profile of 276 undetermined deaths (M:F=3.4:1; mean age 41.9+/-16.0 SD) among 1,707 consecutive bodies found in water and autopsied at the Department of Forensic ...
Eisele Thomas P - - 2003
We evaluated the completeness and differential ascertainment of vital events in children less than five years old registered in two rounds of a demographic surveillance system (DSS) in western Kenya using a two-sample capture-recapture. The primary lists consisted of births and child deaths identified by two rounds of the DSS ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2003
Two samples of Kuwaiti (n = 460) and American (n = 273) male and female undergraduates responded to the Death Obsession Scale (DOS) in Arabic and English, respectively. Cronbach's alpha reliability statistics were .96 and .91, respectively, denoting high internal consistency. In the same vein, all the item-remainder correlations in ...
Seymour Alison - - 2003
AIMS: To determine the incidence of methadone as either the principal cause of death or as a contributing factor in drug related deaths in the Strathclyde Police region of Scotland and to assess the impact of supervised consumption of methadone on the number of deaths that occurred within each health ...
Ré Diane B - - 2003
Recent evidence has been provided for astrocyte degeneration in experimental models of neurodegenerative insults associated with glutamate transport alteration. To determine whether astrocyte death can directly result from altered glutamate transport, we here investigated the effects of L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (PDC) on undifferentiated or differentiated cultured rat striatal astrocytes. PDC induced death ...
Bhana Babita D - - 2003
Custody-related deaths have become a major human rights issue in South Africa since the 1994 democratic elections and led to the formation of the Independent Complaints Directorate who, in April 2000, had recorded 2174 custody-related deaths since their inception. A 3-year retrospective descriptive study on all custody-related death cases at ...
Pinheiro João - - 2003
A choking death of a healthy fisherman, who put a type of live sole between his jaws to free up his hands so that he could collect more fish to put into his basket, is described. The fish squirmed into the larynx and upper trachea and the attempts to rescue ...
Schaechter Judy - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Unintentional firearm death is often considered a nearly negligible proportion of overall gun death. These rates are based on medical examiner (ME) and coroner death classifications, which affect derived epidemiologic data and subsequent prevention measures. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of pediatric unintentional gun ...
Grumann Mareile M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine how home hospice patients deal with their impending death and whether there is a need for greater involvement of mental health professionals in the care of patients dying at home. METHOD: In a pilot study, 12 female home hospice patients with advanced cancer and a median survival ...
Shanti Christina M - - 2003
Trauma deaths at our institution are evaluated by a multidisciplinary trauma committee. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preventable trauma deaths (PRDs) as determined by our review committee and correlate them with the Revised Trauma Score and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) probability of survival (PS). A total of ...
Norris R T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish the death rate and the causes of death in cattle exported by sea from Australia. PROCEDURE: Cattle deaths on voyages from Australia to all destinations between 1995 and 2000 were analysed retrospectively. On four voyages to the Middle East between December 1998 and April 2001, cattle that ...
Ochicha O - - 2003
Medicolegal death (MLD) is a relatively uncommon subject of study in Nigeria. This prospective review of 200 cases in Kano found the commonest cause to be road traffic accidents (48.5%) followed by homicides (34%) and natural deaths (5%). Gang violence among local youths with blunt and sharp weapons accounted for ...
Kumar D - - 2003
A case of true glottu foreign body (metallic blouse hook) Sandwiching the vocal-cord reported here in an 8-months-old infant who presented with abnormal cry. only. In the absence of classical history and clinical features, a laryngeal foreign body should be suspected in otherwise healthy child with abnormal cry The difficulties ...
Gershuny Beth S - - 2003
Relations among peritraumatic dissociation, PTSD severity, event-related fear (i.e. fear experienced during traumatic event) about death, and event-related fear about losing control were examined in the current study. Particular emphasis was placed on testing whether or not fears about death and losing control mediate the relation between peritraumatic dissociation and ...
Odent Michel - - 2003
The expression of fear of death during labour is common when the physiological processes are obviously efficient and when the perinatal period is considered, in retrospect, to have been a positive experience. We propose two kinds of interpretation: (1) One is not specifically human. A physiological fear is the expression ...
Ayala Carma - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We examined national trends in places where stroke deaths occurred. METHODS: National vital statistics data (1990-1998) for stroke death (ICD-9 codes 430-438) were analyzed for place of death by selected socio-demographic characteristics and stroke subtype. RESULTS: Half of all stroke deaths in 1998 occurred in-hospital, 46.1% occurred pre-transport, 0.6% ...
Mikulincer Mario - - 2003
Originally, terror management theory proposed two psychological mechanisms in dealing with the terror of death awareness-cultural worldview validation and self-esteem enhancement. In this article, we would like to promote the idea of close relationships as an additional death-anxiety buffering mechanism and review a growing body of empirical data that support ...
Farah Ibrahim O - - 2003
Influence of diacetyl on cellular leakage and/or death of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus; FRI-100) and Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) in the presence and absence of 30% sucrose and NZ-amine broth at 37, 45 and 55 degrees C was studied using Microbiological and Spectrophotmetric techniques. Diacetyl exists naturally in starter distillate ...
Smart Laura S - - 2003
Childbearing-related losses of 16 elderly Caucasians (13 women and 3 men, aged 69-90) were examined retrospectively in this qualitative study. Recollections of social support, grief at the time of loss, and current meaning attributed to the loss were the foci of the study. Most respondents recalled having felt grief at ...
Huy Tran Quang - - 2003
AIMS: Assessment was made of the validity of mortality estimates based on data collected during 1999-2000 by quarterly follow-up visits and compared with other methods (re-census, communal death registration, and neighbourhood survey). METHODS: This study was carried out within a longitudinal epidemiological laboratory in Bavi, District, Vietnam (called FilaBavi), covering ...
Lester David - - 2003
A revision of the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale is presented, eliminating a deviant item that reduced the reliability of the scale. Using a sample of 191 undergraduates, four 7-item subscales were derived with adequate reliabilities and factorial congruence for 2 of the subscales (Fear of Death of Self and ...
Soule Bradley B Shepherd College, Shepherdstown, WV, - - 2003
From 1903 to 1933, the Hiawatha Asylum for Insane Indians housed hundreds of inmates in Canton, SD. It closed in 1933 in a cloud of scandal and controversy. Death certificate data from deceased inmates were analyzed for diagnostic cause of death and for age. These findings were compared to a ...
Nascimento Luiz Fernando C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a fuzzy linguistic model for evaluating the risk of neonatal death. METHODS: The study is based on the fuzziness of the variables newborn birth weight and gestational age at delivery. The inference used was Mamdani's method. Neonatologists were interviewed to estimate the risk of neonatal death under ...
Pathak P R - - 2002
Importance of determination of time since death is very important for the investigating agencies, autopsy surgeons and legal authorities in criminal cases or when a foul play is suspected behind a death. There are many variabilities and probabilities in determination process but the following points are to be read and ...
Mervin Kyle - - 2002
We have examined the role of tissue oxygen in the regulation of photoreceptor death in the C57BL/6J mouse. Litters of C57BL/6J mice were raised in dim cyclic (12 hr dark, 12 hr 50 lx) light. Adults or litters aged P7 or P8 were placed with their mothers in plexiglass chambers ...
Langan Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of sudden unexpected epilepsy deaths occurring annually in England and Wales in those 16-50 years of age. METHODS: All 1997 death entries mentioning epilepsy as a cause of death in those 16-50 years were examined and classified as sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), other ...
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