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Results 351 - 400 of 774
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Yang Junzhong - - 2007
We investigate amplitude death in a regular array of nonlinear oscillators. We find that the system undergoes three transitions during the road to complete amplitude death. The first two are related to partial amplitude death: one induces partial amplitude death and the other enhances it. The last transition establishes complete ...
Dice James E - - 2007
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is one of the most common congenital heart defects, accounting for 5%-10% of all congenital heart disease in term infants. The occurrence of PDA is inversely related to gestational age and weight, with an even greater incidence in preterm infants. The maintenance of ductal patency is ...
Corff Karen E - - 2007
When medical management is warranted for closure of a persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants, treatment with a cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor is indicated. Indomethacin, available since 1976, has been the conventional pharmacologic treatment for PDA, but its use is associated with vasoconstrictive effects that impair renal, mesenteric and ...
Stemberga Valter - - 2007
Autoerotic fatalities refer to a death resulting from the participation in a sex-related activity designed to heighten sexual arousal. The overwhelming majority of these deaths are due to asphyxia, most often by hanging or ligature compression of the neck. Here we report a case of "atypical" autoerotic fatality in which ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2007
This study examined the dimensional structure of Templer, et al.'s Death Depression Scale-Revised and Abdel-Khalek's Death Obsession Scale. The responses of 353 Spanish undergraduates, 261 women and 92 men (M age= 19 yr., SD= 3.1), to the Spanish forms of both scales were evaluated by means of a principal axis ...
Gregory Patrick T - - 2007
Death feigning, a variant of tonic immobility, is usually interpreted as a last-resort antipredator measure. The authors describe death feigning in grass snakes (Natrix natrix) and test some of its potential correlates. Death feigning was seen in 66% of wild-caught snakes but was not seen in hatchlings from laboratory-incubated eggs. ...
Wang Haifeng - - 2007
We propose a three-species ( A , B , and C ) exchange-driven aggregate growth model with competition between catalyzed birth and catalyzed death. In the system, exchange-driven aggregation occurs between any two aggregates of the same species with the size-dependent rate kernel Kn(k,j)=Knkj (n=1,2,3) , and, meanwhile, monomer birth ...
Witort Ewa J - - 2007
Autologous fat transplantation (or lipofilling) is an excellent technique for correction of cosmetic defects. The success of the procedure relies strongly on the techniques of harvesting and transferring viable adipocytes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of two harvesting methods and coenzyme Q10 on the viability and ...
Mohanty Manoj Kumar - - 2007
This study was carried out on 88 railway related deaths in order to determine the specific pattern and distribution of wounds. Of the 88 victims, 79.5% were males and 20.5% were females. The majority were in the age group of 21-40 years. Most of the victims died as the result ...
Bagheri A - - 2007
While there are numerous doubts, controversies and lack of consensus on alternative definitions of human death, it is argued that it is more ethical to allow people to choose either cessation of cardio-respiratory function or loss of entire brain function as the definition of death based on their own views. ...
Cholbi M - - 2007
By emphasising the intentions underlying suicidal behaviour, suicidal death is distinguished from accidental death in standard philosophical accounts on the nature of suicide. A crucial third class of self-produced deaths, deaths in which agents act neither intentionally nor accidentally to produce their own deaths, is left out by such accounts. ...
Barr Peter - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of Australian and New Zealand (ANZ) neonatologists' personal fear of death to their forgoing life-sustaining treatment and hastening death in newborns destined for severe disability and newborns for whom further treatment is considered non-beneficial or overly burdensome. DESIGN: A self-report questionnaire survey of ANZ neonatologists. ...
Whiting Terry L - - 2007
This observational study was conducted to identify the cause of death and load level factors associated with mortality in 1 090 733 Manitoba broiler chickens transported to slaughter in spring and early summer. Death loss in transit was 0.346% and accounted for 19% of the total carcass condemnation. The death ...
Drain Mairead E - - 2007
This observational study was conducted to identify flock of origin level factors associated with mortality during transport to slaughter of 1 090 733 Manitoba broiler chickens in spring and early summer. The death loss in transit was 0.346% (3778 birds). Death loss on the farm of origin during the growing ...
Huy Tran Quang - - 2007
This qualitative study explores socio-cultural and health systems factors that may impact on death reporting by lay people to registry systems at the commune level. Information on local perceptions of death and factors influencing death reporting were gathered through nine focus group discussions with people of different religions and ethnic ...
Joffe Ari Robin - - 2007
The recent Canadian forum's recommendations regarding "neurological determination of death" claim to have determined a "Canadian definition, criteria, and minimum testing requirements for neurological determination of death." In this review the problems with this statement are discussed. The criterion of neurological determination of death does not fulfill the definition of ...
McIntosh Scott E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Avalanches pose a life-threatening risk to participants of outdoor winter activities. Determining the causes of death in avalanche fatalities can aid rescue and resuscitation strategies and hopefully improve survival. METHODS: The study population included all avalanche fatalities in Utah from the 1989-90 to 2005-06 winter seasons. The Utah Avalanche ...
Phillips Jason B - - 2007
Obituaries from the New York Times are examined at three points to illuminate changing conceptions of death. The findings are twofold. Changes in the obituary demonstrate how the locus of social control over death has shifted from nature and God, to medicine and most recently to the individual. Additionally, it ...
Bacigalupo Félix - - 2007
In this concise review we discuss some of the complex edges of the concept of death that arose after the notorious advances in science and medicine over the last 50 years, in which the classical cardio-pulmonary criteria have led to the neurological criteria of death. New complicated questions like the ...
Bohne Barbara A - - 2007
Using morphological criteria, death pathways in outer hair cells (OHCs) were determined in chinchilla organs of Corti that had been exposed to a high- or moderate-level octave band of noise (OBN) centered at either 0.5 or 4-kHz. The specimens were part of our large collection of plastic-embedded flat preparations of ...
Breiding M J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To better understand variations in classification of deaths of undetermined intent among states in the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). DESIGN: Data from the NVDRS and the National Vital Statistics System were used to compare differences among states. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Percentages of deaths assigned undetermined intent, rates ...
Steenkamp M - - 2006
The US does not have a unified system for surveillance of violent deaths. This report describes the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), a system for collecting data on all violent deaths (homicides, suicides, accidental firearms deaths, deaths of undetermined intent, and deaths from legal intervention, excluding legal executions) in ...
Nicaj L - - 2006
To describe the epidemiology of pedestrian deaths due to motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) between age groups in New York City (NYC), with a comparison to national data. Review of MVC pedestrian deaths in NYC and the US from 1998 to 2002. Data on deaths were obtained from the National Highway ...
Harrison Gordon A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Medical emergency team (MET) call criteria are late signs of a deteriorating clinical condition. Some early signs predict in-hospital death but have a high prevalence so their use as single sign call criteria could be wasteful of resources. This study searched a large database to explore the association of ...
Katz Jonathan D - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there has been any recent change in the mortality experience of American anesthesiologists. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of obituary reports to the Physician Master File (PMF) of the American Medical Association. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from the PMF of anesthesiologists and obstetricians. All data were identified ...
Pharoah Peter O D - - 2006
Trends in the civil registration of fetal death in multiple gestations that has occurred before, but expelled from the womb after, 24 weeks' gestation are examined using England and Wales 1993-2004 registration obtained from the Office for National Statistics. Count was made of fetal death registrations in which fetus papyraceous, ...
Shoukry Nahla M - - 2006
Morphological studies on B. connollyi dealt with the shell description, concerning colour, number of whorls, measurements, the correlation coefficient between shell shape and thickness, weight, length and width. Electrophoretic studies were carried out on snail's foot. Examination of B. connollyi showed a lot of gymnocephalus cercariae of liver fluke, Opisthorchis ...
Dilaveris P - - 2006
To evaluate the impact of meteorological variables on daily and monthly deaths caused by acute myocardial infarction (AMI). All death certificate data from the Athens territory were analysed for AMI deaths in 2001. Daily atmospheric temperature, pressure and relative humidity data were obtained from the National Meteorological Society for Athens ...
Lester David - - 2006
The issue of whether suicide can be a good death was separated into two different questions: (1) can suicide be an appropriate death, and (2) can suicide be a rational death? Several definitions of an "appropriate" death were proposed, and suicide was seen as potentially appropriate. Similarly, several criteria for ...
Gailliot Matthew T - - 2006
Nine studies (N = 979) demonstrated that managing the threat of death requires self-regulation. Both trait and state self-control ability moderated the degree to which people experienced death-related thought and anxiety. Participants high (vs. low) in self-control generated fewer death-related thoughts after being primed with death, reported less death anxiety, ...
Hirschberger Gilad - - 2006
Two studies, conducted 3 months before the Israeli pullout from the Gaza Strip and the Northern West Bank, examined whether reminders of death would lead right-wing Israelis to endorse violent resistance against the disengagement plan. More specifically, we hypothesized that this reaction would be particularly strong among participants high in ...
Arrowsmith J E - - 2006
A monitoring system for cardiac surgery has been in use at Papworth Hospital for 10 years. We wished to determine whether this system would have detected an increase in deaths associated with a single practitioner, whether a poorly performing doctor or a serial killer such as Dr Harold Shipman, whose ...
Al-Sabwah Mohammed N - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between religiosity and death distress (death anxiety, death depression, and death obsession) among a sample (N = 570) of Egyptian women nursing undergraduates, mainly Muslims. Their ages ranged from 17 to 25. The correlations between religiosity and both death ...
Singer Peter P - - 2006
We report the death of a young male attributed to chloroform poisoning during autoerotic asphyxia. He was found lying on the floor of his apartment, prone on a piece of foam and a towel. His eyes were bound with a towel, his lower face and nose were almost entirely covered ...
Viboud Cécile - - 2006
Influenza poses a continuing public health threat in epidemic and pandemic seasons. The 1951 influenza epidemic (A/H1N1) caused an unusually high death toll in England; in particular, weekly deaths in Liverpool even surpassed those of the 1918 pandemic. We further quantified the death rate of the 1951 epidemic in 3 ...
Kyrychenko Sergey Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Effective July 1, 2000, Florida's universal helmet law was amended to exclude riders ages 21 and older with insurance coverage providing at least 10,000 US dollars in medical benefits for injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash. Observed helmet use in Florida was reported to have declined from nearly 100% ...
Cardoso Hugo F V - - 2006
A large collection of identified human skeletons curated at the Bocage Museum (National Museum of Natural History, Lisbon, Portugal) has remained in relative anonymity since its collecting protocol was initiated in the 1980s. This collection originates from modern cemetery sources and is comprised of 1,692 skeletons with basic documentary data ...
Srivastava Anita - - 2006
PURPOSE: To review the literature on methadone deaths and propose evidence-based dosing guidelines. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on overdose deaths during the induction phase. Data on methadone deaths from the Ontario coroner's office, as well as prescribing guidelines from different countries and jurisdictions, were reviewed. The information was ...
McCann Michael - - 2006
PROBLEM: Contact with objects and equipment is the third leading cause of death in construction. This study examines heavy equipment- and truck-related deaths in the excavation work industry in construction. METHODS: The Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries identified 253 heavy equipment related deaths on construction sites ...
Sohn Min-Woong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: One of the national mortality databases in the U.S. is the Beneficiary Identification and Record Locator Subsystem (BIRLS) Death File that contains death dates of those who have received any benefits from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The completeness of this database was shown to vary widely from ...
Chan Timothy H Y - - 2007
This study reports the results of a survey on death preparation, death-related beliefs, and death anxiety in a Hong Kong sample. Respondents (N = 285) recruited from the community were asked if they have prepared for themselves a life insurance, a will, and a resting place (e.g. burial site, columbarium, ...
Abel Ernest L - - 2007
Several studies have reported evidence that death is often associated with significant ceremonial events like holidays and birthdays, a phenomenon variously called the "anniversary reaction," "holiday effect," "birthday blues," etc. This article, using data from the social security death index (SSDI), shows how evidence for this phenomenon can arise from ...
Hui Victoria Ka-Ying - - 2007
Death ideation and death anxiety represent the cognitive and affective dimensions of death attitudes, respectively. General beliefs about the world are proposed to be useful defensive mechanisms protecting persons against the death anxiety provoked by death ideation. SEM is employed to test the proposed mediation model, using a sample of ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between happiness and death distress (death anxiety, death depression, and death obsession) in 275 volunteer Kuwaiti undergraduates. They responded to the Oxford Happiness Inventory, the Death Anxiety Scale, the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety, the Death Depression Scale-Revised, and ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2005
This work was an analysis of responses to the Death Anxiety Inven tory from 866 Spanish participants, 673 women and 193 men. Eliminating an item with a negative corrected item-total correlation and two more items which had low loadings on all factors yielded a 17-item inventory with a Cronbach coefficient ...
Richter Elihu D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine why road deaths dropped by 33.9% in the United Kingdom, compared to 6.5% in the United States, between 1990 and 1999. METHODS: Deaths per billion vehicle kilometers traveled (D/BVKM), and case fatality rates (CFR) in the United States and the United Kingdom were tracked. Time trends in ...
Frank Bernd - - 2006
Dysregulation of apoptosis plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. As part of death receptor- and mitochondrion-mediated apoptosis, the homologues caspases 10 and 8 may act as low-penetrance breast cancer (BC) susceptibility genes. In death receptor-mediated apoptosis, engagement of death receptors by their ligands involves the assembly of the death-inducing signalling ...
Blanco Ignacio Matte - - 2005
Matte Blanco examines four paradoxical positions that arise out of Freud's writings on the death instinct. He notes that death is not a content known to the unconscious. Furthermore, the absence of time and space in the unconscious means that the conditions necessary for any process such as instinct are ...
Chintala Shravan K - - 2006
Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death is an important issue in Primary Open Angle-Glaucoma (POAG) in terms of both vision loss and health care costs. Yet, the pathophysiology underlying RGC death in glaucoma is unclear. A growing body of evidence indicates that proteases that modulate the extracellular matrix (ECM) milieu in ...
Colombo Sylviane - - 2005
The human species is alone in knowing it has to die, said Voltaire, but as much as we rationally know that we all die, we do not really believe it will happen to us. More than ever today the idea of death seems glaringly absurd, immoral even, in an age ...
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