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Results 351 - 400 of 760
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Huy Tran Quang - - 2007
This qualitative study explores socio-cultural and health systems factors that may impact on death reporting by lay people to registry systems at the commune level. Information on local perceptions of death and factors influencing death reporting were gathered through nine focus group discussions with people of different religions and ethnic ...
Joffe Ari Robin - - 2007
The recent Canadian forum's recommendations regarding "neurological determination of death" claim to have determined a "Canadian definition, criteria, and minimum testing requirements for neurological determination of death." In this review the problems with this statement are discussed. The criterion of neurological determination of death does not fulfill the definition of ...
McIntosh Scott E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Avalanches pose a life-threatening risk to participants of outdoor winter activities. Determining the causes of death in avalanche fatalities can aid rescue and resuscitation strategies and hopefully improve survival. METHODS: The study population included all avalanche fatalities in Utah from the 1989-90 to 2005-06 winter seasons. The Utah Avalanche ...
Phillips Jason B - - 2007
Obituaries from the New York Times are examined at three points to illuminate changing conceptions of death. The findings are twofold. Changes in the obituary demonstrate how the locus of social control over death has shifted from nature and God, to medicine and most recently to the individual. Additionally, it ...
Bacigalupo Félix - - 2007
In this concise review we discuss some of the complex edges of the concept of death that arose after the notorious advances in science and medicine over the last 50 years, in which the classical cardio-pulmonary criteria have led to the neurological criteria of death. New complicated questions like the ...
Bohne Barbara A - - 2007
Using morphological criteria, death pathways in outer hair cells (OHCs) were determined in chinchilla organs of Corti that had been exposed to a high- or moderate-level octave band of noise (OBN) centered at either 0.5 or 4-kHz. The specimens were part of our large collection of plastic-embedded flat preparations of ...
Breiding M J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To better understand variations in classification of deaths of undetermined intent among states in the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). DESIGN: Data from the NVDRS and the National Vital Statistics System were used to compare differences among states. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Percentages of deaths assigned undetermined intent, rates ...
Steenkamp M - - 2006
The US does not have a unified system for surveillance of violent deaths. This report describes the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), a system for collecting data on all violent deaths (homicides, suicides, accidental firearms deaths, deaths of undetermined intent, and deaths from legal intervention, excluding legal executions) in ...
Nicaj L - - 2006
To describe the epidemiology of pedestrian deaths due to motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) between age groups in New York City (NYC), with a comparison to national data. Review of MVC pedestrian deaths in NYC and the US from 1998 to 2002. Data on deaths were obtained from the National Highway ...
Harrison Gordon A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Medical emergency team (MET) call criteria are late signs of a deteriorating clinical condition. Some early signs predict in-hospital death but have a high prevalence so their use as single sign call criteria could be wasteful of resources. This study searched a large database to explore the association of ...
Katz Jonathan D - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there has been any recent change in the mortality experience of American anesthesiologists. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of obituary reports to the Physician Master File (PMF) of the American Medical Association. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected from the PMF of anesthesiologists and obstetricians. All data were identified ...
Pharoah Peter O D - - 2006
Trends in the civil registration of fetal death in multiple gestations that has occurred before, but expelled from the womb after, 24 weeks' gestation are examined using England and Wales 1993-2004 registration obtained from the Office for National Statistics. Count was made of fetal death registrations in which fetus papyraceous, ...
Shoukry Nahla M - - 2006
Morphological studies on B. connollyi dealt with the shell description, concerning colour, number of whorls, measurements, the correlation coefficient between shell shape and thickness, weight, length and width. Electrophoretic studies were carried out on snail's foot. Examination of B. connollyi showed a lot of gymnocephalus cercariae of liver fluke, Opisthorchis ...
Dilaveris P - - 2006
To evaluate the impact of meteorological variables on daily and monthly deaths caused by acute myocardial infarction (AMI). All death certificate data from the Athens territory were analysed for AMI deaths in 2001. Daily atmospheric temperature, pressure and relative humidity data were obtained from the National Meteorological Society for Athens ...
Lester David - - 2006
The issue of whether suicide can be a good death was separated into two different questions: (1) can suicide be an appropriate death, and (2) can suicide be a rational death? Several definitions of an "appropriate" death were proposed, and suicide was seen as potentially appropriate. Similarly, several criteria for ...
Gailliot Matthew T - - 2006
Nine studies (N = 979) demonstrated that managing the threat of death requires self-regulation. Both trait and state self-control ability moderated the degree to which people experienced death-related thought and anxiety. Participants high (vs. low) in self-control generated fewer death-related thoughts after being primed with death, reported less death anxiety, ...
Hirschberger Gilad - - 2006
Two studies, conducted 3 months before the Israeli pullout from the Gaza Strip and the Northern West Bank, examined whether reminders of death would lead right-wing Israelis to endorse violent resistance against the disengagement plan. More specifically, we hypothesized that this reaction would be particularly strong among participants high in ...
Arrowsmith J E - - 2006
A monitoring system for cardiac surgery has been in use at Papworth Hospital for 10 years. We wished to determine whether this system would have detected an increase in deaths associated with a single practitioner, whether a poorly performing doctor or a serial killer such as Dr Harold Shipman, whose ...
Al-Sabwah Mohammed N - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between religiosity and death distress (death anxiety, death depression, and death obsession) among a sample (N = 570) of Egyptian women nursing undergraduates, mainly Muslims. Their ages ranged from 17 to 25. The correlations between religiosity and both death ...
Singer Peter P - - 2006
We report the death of a young male attributed to chloroform poisoning during autoerotic asphyxia. He was found lying on the floor of his apartment, prone on a piece of foam and a towel. His eyes were bound with a towel, his lower face and nose were almost entirely covered ...
Viboud Cécile - - 2006
Influenza poses a continuing public health threat in epidemic and pandemic seasons. The 1951 influenza epidemic (A/H1N1) caused an unusually high death toll in England; in particular, weekly deaths in Liverpool even surpassed those of the 1918 pandemic. We further quantified the death rate of the 1951 epidemic in 3 ...
Kyrychenko Sergey Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Effective July 1, 2000, Florida's universal helmet law was amended to exclude riders ages 21 and older with insurance coverage providing at least 10,000 US dollars in medical benefits for injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash. Observed helmet use in Florida was reported to have declined from nearly 100% ...
Cardoso Hugo F V - - 2006
A large collection of identified human skeletons curated at the Bocage Museum (National Museum of Natural History, Lisbon, Portugal) has remained in relative anonymity since its collecting protocol was initiated in the 1980s. This collection originates from modern cemetery sources and is comprised of 1,692 skeletons with basic documentary data ...
Srivastava Anita - - 2006
PURPOSE: To review the literature on methadone deaths and propose evidence-based dosing guidelines. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on overdose deaths during the induction phase. Data on methadone deaths from the Ontario coroner's office, as well as prescribing guidelines from different countries and jurisdictions, were reviewed. The information was ...
McCann Michael - - 2006
PROBLEM: Contact with objects and equipment is the third leading cause of death in construction. This study examines heavy equipment- and truck-related deaths in the excavation work industry in construction. METHODS: The Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries identified 253 heavy equipment related deaths on construction sites ...
Sohn Min-Woong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: One of the national mortality databases in the U.S. is the Beneficiary Identification and Record Locator Subsystem (BIRLS) Death File that contains death dates of those who have received any benefits from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The completeness of this database was shown to vary widely from ...
Chan Timothy H Y - - 2007
This study reports the results of a survey on death preparation, death-related beliefs, and death anxiety in a Hong Kong sample. Respondents (N = 285) recruited from the community were asked if they have prepared for themselves a life insurance, a will, and a resting place (e.g. burial site, columbarium, ...
Abel Ernest L - - 2007
Several studies have reported evidence that death is often associated with significant ceremonial events like holidays and birthdays, a phenomenon variously called the "anniversary reaction," "holiday effect," "birthday blues," etc. This article, using data from the social security death index (SSDI), shows how evidence for this phenomenon can arise from ...
Hui Victoria Ka-Ying - - 2007
Death ideation and death anxiety represent the cognitive and affective dimensions of death attitudes, respectively. General beliefs about the world are proposed to be useful defensive mechanisms protecting persons against the death anxiety provoked by death ideation. SEM is employed to test the proposed mediation model, using a sample of ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between happiness and death distress (death anxiety, death depression, and death obsession) in 275 volunteer Kuwaiti undergraduates. They responded to the Oxford Happiness Inventory, the Death Anxiety Scale, the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety, the Death Depression Scale-Revised, and ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2005
This work was an analysis of responses to the Death Anxiety Inven tory from 866 Spanish participants, 673 women and 193 men. Eliminating an item with a negative corrected item-total correlation and two more items which had low loadings on all factors yielded a 17-item inventory with a Cronbach coefficient ...
Richter Elihu D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine why road deaths dropped by 33.9% in the United Kingdom, compared to 6.5% in the United States, between 1990 and 1999. METHODS: Deaths per billion vehicle kilometers traveled (D/BVKM), and case fatality rates (CFR) in the United States and the United Kingdom were tracked. Time trends in ...
Frank Bernd - - 2006
Dysregulation of apoptosis plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. As part of death receptor- and mitochondrion-mediated apoptosis, the homologues caspases 10 and 8 may act as low-penetrance breast cancer (BC) susceptibility genes. In death receptor-mediated apoptosis, engagement of death receptors by their ligands involves the assembly of the death-inducing signalling ...
Blanco Ignacio Matte - - 2005
Matte Blanco examines four paradoxical positions that arise out of Freud's writings on the death instinct. He notes that death is not a content known to the unconscious. Furthermore, the absence of time and space in the unconscious means that the conditions necessary for any process such as instinct are ...
Chintala Shravan K - - 2006
Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death is an important issue in Primary Open Angle-Glaucoma (POAG) in terms of both vision loss and health care costs. Yet, the pathophysiology underlying RGC death in glaucoma is unclear. A growing body of evidence indicates that proteases that modulate the extracellular matrix (ECM) milieu in ...
Colombo Sylviane - - 2005
The human species is alone in knowing it has to die, said Voltaire, but as much as we rationally know that we all die, we do not really believe it will happen to us. More than ever today the idea of death seems glaringly absurd, immoral even, in an age ...
Petersson Anna - - 2006
With the aim to characterize patterns in toxicological profile and manner of death in deceased users of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), a retrospective autopsy protocol study of 52 deceased users of AAS was undertaken. The AAS users were compared to 68 deceased users of amphetamine and/or heroin who were consecutively ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2005
The current investigation compared a measure of death obsession among 1,853 volunteer undergraduates from four Arab countries (Egypt, Kuwait, Lebanon, and Syria) with 791 from three Western countries, i.e., Britain, Spain, and the USA. Comparable Arabic, Spanish, and English versions of the Death Obsession Scale were used. The mean scores ...
Vennemann B - - 2006
In deaths by hanging, it may sometimes be difficult to differentiate between autoerotic accident and suicide. Our report deals with a 30-year-old man who was found hanged in the living room of his flat. The deceased was wearing headphones connected to a PC. Within the deceased's view was a computer ...
Buchanich Jeanine M - - 2005
Complete and accurate ascertainment of vital status is of great importance in cohort studies. Recently, during the vital status ascertainment phase of an ongoing occupational mortality study, the authors discovered a potentially serious problem with use of the Pension Benefit Information Company's tracing service or any tracing that relies on ...
Váchová Libuse - - 2005
The existence of programmed cell death (PCD) in yeast and its significance to simple unicellular organisms is still questioned. However, such doubts usually do not reflect the fact that microorganisms in nature exist predominantly within structured, multicellular communities capable of differentiation, in which a profit of individual cells is subordinated ...
Koole Sander L - - 2005
The authors propose that wilderness is intrinsically associated with death, and, consequently, terror management concerns may promote more negative evaluations of wilderness. Consistent with this, wilderness inspired more thoughts about death than either cultivated nature or urban environments (Study 1), and death reminders reduced perceived beauty of wilderness (Study 2). ...
Schmeichel Brandon J - - 2005
To the extent that cultural worldviews provide meaning in the face of existential concerns, specifically the inevitability of death, affirming a valued aspect of one's worldview should render reminders of death less threatening. The authors report two studies in support of this view. In Study 1, mortality salience led to ...
Ehikhamenor Edeaghe Eni - - 2005
The number of deaths due to trauma from road traffic accidents (RTAs), and from the use of firearms either for homicide or armed robbery, ethnic conflicts, and other events, such as flooding, explosions from petroleum products, and religious violence, is on the rise in Nigeria. This preliminary study is a ...
Ojo Akinlolu O - - 2005
Previous measures of OPO performance based on population counts have been deemed inadequate, and the need for new methods has been widely accepted. This article explains recent developments in OPO performance evaluation methodology, including those developed by the SRTR. As a replacement for the previously established measure of OPO performance--donors ...
Anil Sukumarannair S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize patterns of removal and evaluate the associations among culling because of lameness and sow productivity traits among culled gilts and sows. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Data from a convenience sample of 11 farms pertaining to the removal of 51,795 gilts and sows from January 1991 to ...
Jonkman Sebastiaan N - - 2005
The objective of this paper is to investigate and to improve understanding of the causes and circumstances of flood disaster deaths. A standardised method of classifying flood deaths is proposed and the difficulties associated with comparing and assessing existing information on flood deaths are discussed. Thirteen flood cases from Europe ...
Shah Nina - - 2005
AIMS: To determine death rates from methadone over time, to characterize methadone-related death and to discuss public health surveillance of methadone-related death. DESIGN: We analyzed medical examiner data for all unintentional drug overdose deaths in New Mexico, USA, between 1998 and 2002. MEASUREMENTS: Age-adjusted death rates for methadone-related death, logistic ...
Ens Carla - - 2005
Relationships between bereavement following the death of a grandparent and adolescent death anxiety levels were examined using Hogan's Inventory of Bereavement and the revised Death Anxiety Scale within private schools. Of the 226 adolescent respondents (aged 11-18) who completed questionnaires, 124 had experienced the death of a grandparent. The regression ...
Lizza John P - - 2005
There has been growing concern about whether individuals who satisfy neurological criteria for death or who become non-heart-beating organ donors are really dead. This concern has focused on the issue of the potential for recovery that these individuals may still have and whether their conditions are irreversible. In this article ...
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