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Results 351 - 400 of 849
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Queißer-Luft Annette - - 2011
Living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants (NPP) is discussed here in terms of adverse health effects. A prospective population-based cohort study was conducted to evaluate whether the prevalence of birth defects in the vicinity of NPPs is elevated and scrutinize a possible distance correlation. A birth cohort born ...
Goodpaster Aaron M - - 2011
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) based metabonomics screening of urine has great potential for discovery of biomarkers for diseases that afflict newborn and preterm infants. However, urine collection from newborn infants presents a potential confounding problem due to the possibility that contaminants might leach from materials ...
Chou I-Ching - - 2011
Recent studies reveal that salivary cortisol measurements accurately reflect blood cortisol levels in older children and adults; yet, the relationship between the two values in premature infants has not been established. This study explores the use of salivary cortisol as an accurate measure of adrenal steroid concentrations in premature infants ...
Ince Osman Tolga - - 2011
Seroprevalence studies in various age groups contribute to a better understanding of hepatitis A infection and response to hepatitis A immunization. Hepatitis A seroprevalence in 12-month-old infants from Ankara was studied. Among 601 healthy infants, overall hepatitis A seropositivity was found to be 23.5%. There were no gender differences in ...
Wobudeya Eric - - 2011
Rotavirus is responsible for over 25 million outpatient visits, over 2 million hospitalizations and 527,000 deaths annually, worldwide. It is estimated that breastfeeding in accordance with the World Health Organization recommendations would save 1.45 million children's lives each year in the developing countries. The few studies that examined the effect ...
Morag Iris - - 2011
The potential benefits and harms of different lighting in neonatal units have not been quantified. To compare the effectiveness of cycled lighting (CL) (approximately 12 hours of light on and 12 hours of light off) with irregularly dimmed light or near darkness (ND) and with continuous bright light (CBL) on ...
Novo Ana Carolina de Albuquerque Cavalcanti Ferreira AC Department of Pediatrics, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of Cystatin C in healthy term newborns in the first month of life. Cystatin C may be a suitable marker for determining the glomerular filtration rate because it is not affected by maternal renal function. Cohort study. Inclusion: term newborns ...
Cong Xiaomei - - 2011
Kangaroo care (KC), skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant, is a promising method for blunting pain responses. This crossover pilot tested KC effects on biobehavioral responses to heel stick in preterm infants (30-32 weeks' gestational age, 2-9 days old) measured by Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) and salivary and serum ...
Monteagudo B - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: salmon patch is a congenital venous malformation that usually affects the midline. Although it is very common, few studies have analyzed its prevalence or predisposing factors. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of salmon patch in a group of newborn ...
Dastgiri Saeed - - 2010
Considerable numbers of congenital cardiac anomalies are missed at the time of delivery. Study reports show that congenital cardiac anomalies are the second most common birth defect in many countries. Despite this fact, our previous study showed that the prevalence of congenital cardiac anomalies is the fifth most common one, ...
Chambers Christina D - - 2010
Most known human teratogens are associated with a unique or characteristic pattern of major and minor malformations and this pattern helps to establish the causal link between the teratogenic exposure and the outcome. Although traditional case control and cohort study designs can help identify potential teratogens, there is an important ...
Cetinkaya Merih - - 2011
To evaluate the cardiac function in premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers and its clinical consequences. This was a prospective observational cohort study performed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Fifty-three premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers comprising the study group were evaluated and compared with 42 premature infants ...
Tursz Anne - - 2011
Objectives To measure the extent and analyse the mechanisms of underestimation of neonaticides (infanticides in the first 24 h of life) and to identify characteristics of neonaticidal mothers. Design A retrospective study was carried out in 26 courts in three French regions covering 34.6% of all births in France. Included ...
Hogen Esch Caroline Elisabeth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: PreventCD (www.preventcd.com) is a European multicentre study, which studies the influence of infant nutrition, and that of genetic, immunologic and environmental factors, on the risk of developing coeliac disease (CD). The hypothesis is that it is possible to induce tolerance to gluten by introducing small quantities of gluten to ...
Sun L - - 2010
A great deal of concern has recently arisen regarding the safety of anaesthesia in infants and children. There is mounting and convincing preclinical evidence in rodents and non-human primates that anaesthetics in common clinical use are neurotoxic to the developing brain in vitro and cause long-term neurobehavioural abnormalities in vivo. ...
Hudara Shmuel - - 2010
Optimil is an infant formula, manufactured in Israel and introduced to the market in May 2008. To assess the effect of this formula on infant growth. The study group comprised 52 infants who for the first 6 months of life consumed Optimil, which constituted at least 25% of their total ...
Perra Oliver - - 2010
The control of social attention during early infancy was investigated in two studies. In both studies, an adult turned towards one of two targets within the infant's immediate visual field. We tested: (a) whether infants were able to follow the direction of the adult's head turn; and (b) whether following ...
Watson Gill - - 2011
Aim.  The aim of this study was to explore the early experiences of parents who have a very preterm infant. Background.  Very preterm infants are physiologically ill-prepared for extra-uterine life, but a greater number now survive birth and the postnatal period. The complex needs of the very preterm infant are ...
Hughes David P - - 2011
Parasites commonly manipulate host behaviour, and among the most dramatic examples are diverse fungi that cause insects to die attached to leaves. This death-grip behaviour functions to place insects in an ideal location for spore dispersal from a dead body following host death. Fossil leaves record many aspects of insect ...
Khan Anokhi Ali - - 2011
Synthetic glucocorticoids are the mainstay treatment for stimulating lung maturation in threatened preterm delivery. Animal studies suggest that in utero exposure to glucocorticoids leads to a reduction in birth size. Smaller birthweight has been associated with higher risk of many chronic diseases. Therefore, the authors undertook a systematic review of ...
Hall Martin Thomas - - 2010
This study describes the number and characteristics of accidental deaths associated with recreational inhalant misuse in North Carolina from 2000 to 2008. Inhalant-related deaths were identified via an electronic search of records of the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. Thirty deaths were attributed to recreational inhalant use, ...
Sajjadian Negar - - 2010
Germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common variety of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage and is characteristics of the premature infant. The importance of the lesion relates not only to its high incidence but to their attendant complications (IC: hydrocephalus). Brain sonography is the procedure of choice in diagnosis of germinal ...
Zawar Vijay - - 2010
Indian children often present with atypical forms of pityriasis rosea (PR). We describe a female infant with acrally located eruptions consistent with a clinical diagnosis of PR. This is an extremely rare presentation of the disease.
Khushf George - - 2010
Many accounts of the historical development of neurological criteria for determination of death insufficiently distinguish between two strands of interpretation advanced by advocates of a "whole-brain" criterion. One strand focuses on the brain as the organ of integration. Another provides a far more complex and nuanced account, both of death ...
Bernat James L - - 2010
The distinction between the "permanent" (will not reverse) and "irreversible" (cannot reverse) cessation of functions is critical to understand the meaning of a determination of death using circulatory-respiratory tests. Physicians determining death test only for the permanent cessation of circulation and respiration because they know that irreversible cessation follows rapidly ...
Shewmon D Alan - - 2010
In debates about criteria for human death, several camps have emerged, the main two focusing on either loss of the "organism as a whole" (the mainstream view) or loss of consciousness or "personhood." Controversies also rage over the proper definition of "irreversible" in criteria for death. The situation is reminiscent ...
Mejri Abdelwaheb - - 2010
Current recommendations suggest that routine screening for hypoglycemia should be performed in all term newborns with a birth weight (BW) below the 10th percentile. The impact of updated growth curves on the incidence of hypoglycemia in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns has not been evaluated. To evaluate the occurrence and severity of ...
Ramara N S - - 2010
HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice at Mankweng clinic in the Limpopo province are experiencing specific problems with various feeding methods. This study was undertaken with the aim to explore and describe the socioeconomic and cultural experiences of HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice. ...
Bernat James L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Death statutes permit physicians to declare death on the basis of irreversible cessation of circulatory-respiratory or brain functions. The growing practice of organ donation after circulatory determination of death now requires physicians to exercise greater specificity in circulatory-respiratory death determination. We studied circulatory-respiratory death determination to clarify its concept, ...
Tien Homer C N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Combat fatalities are reported by the media as a frequent cause of military deaths, yet they may not reflect the most common and preventable ways that soldiers die. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the leading causes of death in the military and to identify modifiable ...
Boskabadi Hassan - - 2010
Late-onset sepsis is responsible for high morbidity and mortality in newborn infants in the world and in particular in developing countries. In this study, we evaluated whether clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters and measurements of serum interleukin-8 (IL-8) are able to discriminate between late neonatal sepsis and normal baby. This was ...
Antommaria Armand H Matheny - - 2010
Michael Potts, Paul A. Byrne, and David W. Evans are critical of donation after cardiac death (DCD). Contrary to the authors' assertion that the removal of vital organs is the proximate cause of death, the eventual fulfillment of the neurological criteria of death is solely dependant on the rate of ...
Vaudry Wendy - - 2010
Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common congenital infection; however, the epidemiology in Canada has not been recently examined. The present prospective study pilots tools for a population-based study of cCMV infection in Canada by determining the maternal seroprevalence and risk factors, the clinical characteristics and the incidence of cCMV ...
Gracie Sara K - - 2010
Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for preterm birth include a personal or familial history of preterm delivery, ethnicity and low socioeconomic status yet the ability to predict preterm delivery before the onset of preterm labour evades clinical practice. Evidence suggests that genetics ...
Lizza John P - - 2009
This commentary challenges the conclusions reached by Franklin Miller and Robert Truog in their criticism of the President's Council's White Paper, "Controversies in the Determination of Death." I agree with much of Miller and Truog's criticism of the rationale offered by the President's Council for accepting neurological criteria for determining ...
Vess Matthew - - 2009
Do reminders of mortality increase or decrease perceptions of life's meaning? The authors propose that death-relevant thought has divergent effects on meaning perceptions depending on individuals' personal need for structure (PNS) or dispositional desire for structured knowledge. In prior research, high-PNS individuals primed with mortality-related stimuli were found to employ ...
Davies Mary-Ann - - 2009
Knowledge of the experience and outcomes of current paediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes in sub-Saharan Africa can inform new programmes in the region as well as enhance existing ones. This is urgently needed to facilitate the scale-up of treatment, which is needed to address the burden of paediatric HIV cases ...
Manoukian Anthony A - - 2009
We report a perinatal death due to medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, which was referred to the Coroner's Physician as sudden unexplained infant death. Detailed death investigation including the autopsy findings, and newborn biochemical and molecular studies revealed the cause and natural manner of death. This disorder affects fatty acid oxidation ...
Elder Dawn E - - 2009
This study examined risk factors for timing and cause of death for extremely preterm infants > or = 23 weeks and < 28 weeks. There were 479 liveborn infants and 98 deaths reviewed over a ten-year period. Thirty-two deaths (33%) occurred on the first day of life and 72 (75%) ...
Watanabe Shinya - - 2009
To obtain the data concerning death losses due to stillbirth, neonatal death and diseases in cloned cattle derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and their progeny produced by Japanese institutions, a nationwide survey was carried out in July-August, 2006. As a result, lifetime data concerning 482 SCNT cattle (97.5% ...
Kinnaert P - - 2009
This paper demonstrates that discussions about the diagnosis of death and the meaning of states of suspended animation existed long before the publication of the Harvard criteria in 1968. The surgeons who started retrieving kidneys from heart beating cadavers have been accused to redefine death in order to obtain high ...
Dunkel Curtis S - - 2009
Three studies were conducted examining the relationship between thoughts of defecation and thoughts of death. In Study 1 and Study 3 it was found that making thoughts of feces salient reduced the accessibility of death thoughts. In Study 2 it was found that making thoughts of death salient decreased the ...
Abel Ernest L - - 2009
The authors assessed the relationship of mortality salience, as represented by birthdays, on the day of death. Preliminary studies considered the role of possible artifacts such as seasonality of birth and death, and time units for evaluation. On the basis of terror management theory's concept of "mortality salience," the authors ...
Hall Gillian C - - 2009
Data from a cohort study were used to investigate death and cause of death (COD) recording on the THIN UK primary care database. Subjects from 118 practices had a body mass index recorded, 2002-2003 (index date), no recent pregnancy or emotional event, or cancer. Coded and free text entries were ...
Wypijewski JoAnn - - 2009
Forty years ago, when lots of Americans made things, more of them died in a year on the job than died in a year fighting in Vietnam. This never registered much in the national consciousness. Death in war seems so preventable; death on the job is "an accident." Now, the ...
Manninen Bertha Alvarez - - 2009
For many years now, bioethicists, physicians, and others in the medical field have disagreed concerning how to best define human death. Different theories range from the Harvard Criteria of Brain Death, which defines death as the cessation of all brain activity, to the Cognitive Criteria, which is based on the ...
Egonsson Dan - - 2009
The concept of irreversibility plays a central role in most discussions of how to understand and determine human death. This seems to relativize death, since the possibilities of reversal will always depend on circumstance. I discuss the conceptual problems created by this fact, arguing that their seriousness depends on whether ...
Machado Calixto - - 2009
The acceptance of brain death (BD) as death of the human being has been progressively accepted beginning in the early 1960s. The issue of irreversibility is directly related to the diagnosis of human death, and it is closely associated with the concept of potentiality, i.e., that some patients still have ...
Wu Anise M S - - 2009
Chinese people are consistently reported to be less likely to commit to posthumous organ donation than the Westerners. This study aims at investigating how death anxiety may hinder them from expressing their willingness to donate organs. Among 290 Hong Kong Chinese adults (age plus or minus 25 years), a higher ...
Kim Su Hyun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to identify the course and the mechanisms of the experience of anger over a 4-year period after spousal death among older adults. METHOD: The study used a longitudinal prospective design with three-wave panel data (6, 18 and 48 months after spousal death), utilizing ...
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