Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 808
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Jansen Hanneke - - 2011
An international committee of experts recommended using HbA(1c) for diagnostic testing for diabetes. Little is known about normal values of HbA(1c) in infants. The aim of this study is to describe the distribution of HbA(1c) in 8- to 12-month-old nondiabetic infants. HbA(1c) was measured in 86 infants participating in the ...
Sassano-Higgins S - - 2011
Objective:Dopamine administration results in variable effects on blood pressure in hypotensive preterm infants. The clinical benefits of dopamine administration in increasing cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reducing adverse neurological outcomes in hypotensive preterm neonates are unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of dopamine for treatment ...
Ljung Karin K Unit of Metals and Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2011
This study assessed concentrations in and intake of toxic and essential elements from formulas and foods intended for infants during their first 6months of life. Concentrations of the essential elements Ca, Fe, Zn, Mn and Mo were significantly higher in most formulas than in breast milk. Daily intake of Mn ...
Morrow Ardythe L AL Division of Neonatology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45213, USA. - - 2011
To investigate secretor gene fucosyltransferase 2 (FUT2) polymorphism and secretor phenotype in relation to outcomes of prematurity. Study infants were ≤32 weeks gestational age. Secretor genotype was determined from salivary DNA. Secretor phenotype was measured with H antigen, the carbohydrate produced by secretor gene enzymes, in saliva samples collected on ...
Gouin Katy - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To review systematically maternal antenatal cocaine exposure and adverse perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN:: Medline, Embase, CINAHL and secondary references in relevant studies were searched. English language studies of antenatal cocaine exposure and pregnancy outcomes published from 1966 to July 2009 were included. Metaanalyses were performed using the random effects ...
El-Dib M M Department of Pediatrics, The George Washington University, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, - - 2011
Preliminary studies suggested an association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature neonates. An advantageous effect of withholding feeds during transfusion has never been studied. We aimed, first, to determine whether preterm infants who developed NEC were more likely to be transfused in the 48 ...
Browne Marilyn L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Caffeine intake is common during pregnancy, yet few epidemiologic studies have examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption and birth defects. Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), we examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption and anotia/microtia, esophageal atresia, small intestinal atresia, craniosynostosis, diaphragmatic hernia, ...
Jaiswal Ashish - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the growth and nutritional status at term (39-41 weeks) corrected gestational age in VLBW infants and to study the predictors of malnutrition. METHODS: This Cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care perinatal centre with level III NICU. All Inborn VLBW infants who were discharged alive from the ...
Amer Hazem E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present our experience with definitive surgical management of infants with Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infant (MNTI) and epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included four male infants with histologically proven MNTI (three infants) and EHE (one infant). CT scan and ...
Queißer-Luft Annette - - 2011
Living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants (NPP) is discussed here in terms of adverse health effects. A prospective population-based cohort study was conducted to evaluate whether the prevalence of birth defects in the vicinity of NPPs is elevated and scrutinize a possible distance correlation. A birth cohort born ...
Goodpaster Aaron M - - 2011
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) based metabonomics screening of urine has great potential for discovery of biomarkers for diseases that afflict newborn and preterm infants. However, urine collection from newborn infants presents a potential confounding problem due to the possibility that contaminants might leach from materials ...
Chou I-Ching - - 2011
Recent studies reveal that salivary cortisol measurements accurately reflect blood cortisol levels in older children and adults; yet, the relationship between the two values in premature infants has not been established. This study explores the use of salivary cortisol as an accurate measure of adrenal steroid concentrations in premature infants ...
Ince Osman Tolga - - 2011
Seroprevalence studies in various age groups contribute to a better understanding of hepatitis A infection and response to hepatitis A immunization. Hepatitis A seroprevalence in 12-month-old infants from Ankara was studied. Among 601 healthy infants, overall hepatitis A seropositivity was found to be 23.5%. There were no gender differences in ...
Wobudeya Eric - - 2011
Rotavirus is responsible for over 25 million outpatient visits, over 2 million hospitalizations and 527,000 deaths annually, worldwide. It is estimated that breastfeeding in accordance with the World Health Organization recommendations would save 1.45 million children's lives each year in the developing countries. The few studies that examined the effect ...
Morag Iris - - 2011
The potential benefits and harms of different lighting in neonatal units have not been quantified. To compare the effectiveness of cycled lighting (CL) (approximately 12 hours of light on and 12 hours of light off) with irregularly dimmed light or near darkness (ND) and with continuous bright light (CBL) on ...
Novo Ana Carolina de Albuquerque Cavalcanti Ferreira AC Department of Pediatrics, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of Cystatin C in healthy term newborns in the first month of life. Cystatin C may be a suitable marker for determining the glomerular filtration rate because it is not affected by maternal renal function. Cohort study. Inclusion: term newborns ...
Cong Xiaomei - - 2011
Kangaroo care (KC), skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant, is a promising method for blunting pain responses. This crossover pilot tested KC effects on biobehavioral responses to heel stick in preterm infants (30-32 weeks' gestational age, 2-9 days old) measured by Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) and salivary and serum ...
Monteagudo B - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: salmon patch is a congenital venous malformation that usually affects the midline. Although it is very common, few studies have analyzed its prevalence or predisposing factors. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of salmon patch in a group of newborn ...
Dastgiri Saeed - - 2010
Considerable numbers of congenital cardiac anomalies are missed at the time of delivery. Study reports show that congenital cardiac anomalies are the second most common birth defect in many countries. Despite this fact, our previous study showed that the prevalence of congenital cardiac anomalies is the fifth most common one, ...
Chambers Christina D - - 2010
Most known human teratogens are associated with a unique or characteristic pattern of major and minor malformations and this pattern helps to establish the causal link between the teratogenic exposure and the outcome. Although traditional case control and cohort study designs can help identify potential teratogens, there is an important ...
Cetinkaya Merih - - 2011
To evaluate the cardiac function in premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers and its clinical consequences. This was a prospective observational cohort study performed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Fifty-three premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers comprising the study group were evaluated and compared with 42 premature infants ...
Tursz Anne - - 2011
Objectives To measure the extent and analyse the mechanisms of underestimation of neonaticides (infanticides in the first 24 h of life) and to identify characteristics of neonaticidal mothers. Design A retrospective study was carried out in 26 courts in three French regions covering 34.6% of all births in France. Included ...
Hogen Esch Caroline Elisabeth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: PreventCD (www.preventcd.com) is a European multicentre study, which studies the influence of infant nutrition, and that of genetic, immunologic and environmental factors, on the risk of developing coeliac disease (CD). The hypothesis is that it is possible to induce tolerance to gluten by introducing small quantities of gluten to ...
Sun L - - 2010
A great deal of concern has recently arisen regarding the safety of anaesthesia in infants and children. There is mounting and convincing preclinical evidence in rodents and non-human primates that anaesthetics in common clinical use are neurotoxic to the developing brain in vitro and cause long-term neurobehavioural abnormalities in vivo. ...
Hudara Shmuel - - 2010
Optimil is an infant formula, manufactured in Israel and introduced to the market in May 2008. To assess the effect of this formula on infant growth. The study group comprised 52 infants who for the first 6 months of life consumed Optimil, which constituted at least 25% of their total ...
Perra Oliver - - 2010
The control of social attention during early infancy was investigated in two studies. In both studies, an adult turned towards one of two targets within the infant's immediate visual field. We tested: (a) whether infants were able to follow the direction of the adult's head turn; and (b) whether following ...
Watson Gill - - 2011
Aim.  The aim of this study was to explore the early experiences of parents who have a very preterm infant. Background.  Very preterm infants are physiologically ill-prepared for extra-uterine life, but a greater number now survive birth and the postnatal period. The complex needs of the very preterm infant are ...
Hughes David P - - 2011
Parasites commonly manipulate host behaviour, and among the most dramatic examples are diverse fungi that cause insects to die attached to leaves. This death-grip behaviour functions to place insects in an ideal location for spore dispersal from a dead body following host death. Fossil leaves record many aspects of insect ...
Khan Anokhi Ali - - 2011
Synthetic glucocorticoids are the mainstay treatment for stimulating lung maturation in threatened preterm delivery. Animal studies suggest that in utero exposure to glucocorticoids leads to a reduction in birth size. Smaller birthweight has been associated with higher risk of many chronic diseases. Therefore, the authors undertook a systematic review of ...
Hall Martin Thomas - - 2010
This study describes the number and characteristics of accidental deaths associated with recreational inhalant misuse in North Carolina from 2000 to 2008. Inhalant-related deaths were identified via an electronic search of records of the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. Thirty deaths were attributed to recreational inhalant use, ...
Sajjadian Negar - - 2010
Germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common variety of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage and is characteristics of the premature infant. The importance of the lesion relates not only to its high incidence but to their attendant complications (IC: hydrocephalus). Brain sonography is the procedure of choice in diagnosis of germinal ...
Zawar Vijay - - 2010
Indian children often present with atypical forms of pityriasis rosea (PR). We describe a female infant with acrally located eruptions consistent with a clinical diagnosis of PR. This is an extremely rare presentation of the disease.
Khushf George - - 2010
Many accounts of the historical development of neurological criteria for determination of death insufficiently distinguish between two strands of interpretation advanced by advocates of a "whole-brain" criterion. One strand focuses on the brain as the organ of integration. Another provides a far more complex and nuanced account, both of death ...
Bernat James L - - 2010
The distinction between the "permanent" (will not reverse) and "irreversible" (cannot reverse) cessation of functions is critical to understand the meaning of a determination of death using circulatory-respiratory tests. Physicians determining death test only for the permanent cessation of circulation and respiration because they know that irreversible cessation follows rapidly ...
Shewmon D Alan - - 2010
In debates about criteria for human death, several camps have emerged, the main two focusing on either loss of the "organism as a whole" (the mainstream view) or loss of consciousness or "personhood." Controversies also rage over the proper definition of "irreversible" in criteria for death. The situation is reminiscent ...
Mejri Abdelwaheb - - 2010
Current recommendations suggest that routine screening for hypoglycemia should be performed in all term newborns with a birth weight (BW) below the 10th percentile. The impact of updated growth curves on the incidence of hypoglycemia in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns has not been evaluated. To evaluate the occurrence and severity of ...
Ramara N S - - 2010
HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice at Mankweng clinic in the Limpopo province are experiencing specific problems with various feeding methods. This study was undertaken with the aim to explore and describe the socioeconomic and cultural experiences of HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice. ...
Bernat James L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Death statutes permit physicians to declare death on the basis of irreversible cessation of circulatory-respiratory or brain functions. The growing practice of organ donation after circulatory determination of death now requires physicians to exercise greater specificity in circulatory-respiratory death determination. We studied circulatory-respiratory death determination to clarify its concept, ...
Tien Homer C N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Combat fatalities are reported by the media as a frequent cause of military deaths, yet they may not reflect the most common and preventable ways that soldiers die. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the leading causes of death in the military and to identify modifiable ...
Boskabadi Hassan - - 2010
Late-onset sepsis is responsible for high morbidity and mortality in newborn infants in the world and in particular in developing countries. In this study, we evaluated whether clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters and measurements of serum interleukin-8 (IL-8) are able to discriminate between late neonatal sepsis and normal baby. This was ...
Antommaria Armand H Matheny - - 2010
Michael Potts, Paul A. Byrne, and David W. Evans are critical of donation after cardiac death (DCD). Contrary to the authors' assertion that the removal of vital organs is the proximate cause of death, the eventual fulfillment of the neurological criteria of death is solely dependant on the rate of ...
Vaudry Wendy - - 2010
Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common congenital infection; however, the epidemiology in Canada has not been recently examined. The present prospective study pilots tools for a population-based study of cCMV infection in Canada by determining the maternal seroprevalence and risk factors, the clinical characteristics and the incidence of cCMV ...
Gracie Sara K - - 2010
Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for preterm birth include a personal or familial history of preterm delivery, ethnicity and low socioeconomic status yet the ability to predict preterm delivery before the onset of preterm labour evades clinical practice. Evidence suggests that genetics ...
Lizza John P - - 2009
This commentary challenges the conclusions reached by Franklin Miller and Robert Truog in their criticism of the President's Council's White Paper, "Controversies in the Determination of Death." I agree with much of Miller and Truog's criticism of the rationale offered by the President's Council for accepting neurological criteria for determining ...
Vess Matthew - - 2009
Do reminders of mortality increase or decrease perceptions of life's meaning? The authors propose that death-relevant thought has divergent effects on meaning perceptions depending on individuals' personal need for structure (PNS) or dispositional desire for structured knowledge. In prior research, high-PNS individuals primed with mortality-related stimuli were found to employ ...
Davies Mary-Ann - - 2009
Knowledge of the experience and outcomes of current paediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes in sub-Saharan Africa can inform new programmes in the region as well as enhance existing ones. This is urgently needed to facilitate the scale-up of treatment, which is needed to address the burden of paediatric HIV cases ...
Manoukian Anthony A - - 2009
We report a perinatal death due to medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, which was referred to the Coroner's Physician as sudden unexplained infant death. Detailed death investigation including the autopsy findings, and newborn biochemical and molecular studies revealed the cause and natural manner of death. This disorder affects fatty acid oxidation ...
Elder Dawn E - - 2009
This study examined risk factors for timing and cause of death for extremely preterm infants > or = 23 weeks and < 28 weeks. There were 479 liveborn infants and 98 deaths reviewed over a ten-year period. Thirty-two deaths (33%) occurred on the first day of life and 72 (75%) ...
Watanabe Shinya - - 2009
To obtain the data concerning death losses due to stillbirth, neonatal death and diseases in cloned cattle derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and their progeny produced by Japanese institutions, a nationwide survey was carried out in July-August, 2006. As a result, lifetime data concerning 482 SCNT cattle (97.5% ...
Kinnaert P - - 2009
This paper demonstrates that discussions about the diagnosis of death and the meaning of states of suspended animation existed long before the publication of the Harvard criteria in 1968. The surgeons who started retrieving kidneys from heart beating cadavers have been accused to redefine death in order to obtain high ...
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