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Results 201 - 250 of 892
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Liu Jing J Department of Neonatology, NICU, Bayi Children's Hospital Affiliated to Beijing Military General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a common critical disease in term neonates, but reasons for the occurrence of RDS remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the cause of RDS in full-term neonates by a retrospective case-control study. Case-control study. Among the patients admitted to Bayi Children's Hospital between January ...
Nimbalkar Somashekhar Marutirao SM Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College , Karamsad, Gujarat, India - - 2014
Tracheal Agenesis (TA) presents with respiratory distress at birth. Diagnosis requires recognition of clinical signs in newborns like failure of endotracheal intubation, respiratory distress with absent air entry over both side of chest and inaudible cry. We describe a TA Floyd Type I with a Tracheo-Oesophageal Fistula (TOF) without other ...
Torkildsen Oivind O The Norwegian Multiple Sclerosis Competence Centre, Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital Bergen, Norway ; Kristian Gerhard Jebsen Centre for MS-Research, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen Bergen, - - 2014
A month of birth effect on multiple sclerosis (MS) risk has been reported from different countries. Recent critics have suggested that this finding is caused by confounding and that adequately adjusting for year and place of birth would markedly reduce this effect. All inhabitants in Norway are registered in the ...
Richter Linda L Human Sciences Research Council, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South - - 2014
Throughout Africa, Peer Mentors who are women living with HIV (WLH) are supporting pregnant WLH at antenatal and primary healthcare clinics (McColl in BMJ 344:e1590, 2012). We evaluate a program using this intervention strategy at 1.5 months post-birth. In a cluster randomized controlled trial in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, eight clinics were ...
Zhou Wei-Qin WQ Department of Pediatrics, BaYi Children's Hospital Affiliated to the Clinical Medical College of the General Hospital of Beijing Military Region, Southern Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Information about clinical outcomes of very preterm (VPT) infants in tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting is scant in China. This study aimed to investigate the mortality and morbidity of VPT infants admitted to BaYi Children's Hospital, which serves as a NICU referral center for the city of Beijing, ...
Rotheram-Borus Mary Jane MJ Global Center for Children and Families, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
We evaluate the effect of clinic-based support by HIV-positive Peer Mentors, in addition to standard clinic care, on maternal and infant well-being among Women Living with HIV (WLH) from pregnancy through the infant's first year of life. In a cluster randomized controlled trial in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, eight clinics were ...
Tsai Ming-Horng MH Division of Neonatology and Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Yunlin, Taiwan ; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan ; Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi, - - 2014
Polymicrobial bloodstream infections (PBSIs) have been associated with complex underlying medical conditions and a high incidence of specific microorganisms in several settings, but the relevant data are scarce in neonates. Positive blood cultures from January 2004 to December 2011 in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Chang Gung Memorial ...
Sullivan Brynne A BA Department of Pediatrics, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, - - 2014
To identify clinical conditions associated with a large increase (spike) in the heart rate characteristics index in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Retrospective medical record review within a day of all large heart rate characteristics index spikes (increase of ≥3 from the previous 5-day average) in VLBW infants at ...
Maastrup Ragnhild R Knowledge Centre for Breastfeeding Infants with Special Needs at Department of Neonatology, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark ; Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden ; Danish National Panel of Experts on Breastfeeding Infants with Special - - 2014
Evidence-based knowledge of how to guide the mothers of preterm infants in breastfeeding establishment is contradictive or sparse. The aim was to investigate the associations between pre-specified clinical practices for facilitating breastfeeding, and exclusive breastfeeding at discharge as well as adequate duration thereof. A prospective survey based on questionnaires was ...
Ji Jun J State Key Laboratory of Industrial Control Technology, Institute of Industrial Process Control, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China ; Department of Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a major source of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Since there is no specific diagnostic test or risk of progression model available for NEC, the diagnosis and outcome prediction of NEC is made on clinical grounds. The objective in this study was to develop and validate new ...
Yilmaz Osman O Department of Pediatric Cardiology, District Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, 25070, - - 2014
Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is rare in infants. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most common cause of SVCS in children. Swelling in the face and neck are the most common clinical symptoms associated with this syndrome. However, these clinical findings are also observed in allergic diseases, which therefore often leads ...
Markham Kara B KB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
To evaluate whether progestin prophylaxis influenced the odds of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth among pregnant women with a previous preterm birth. A retrospective cohort study was performed evaluating outcomes of pregnant women with one or more previous preterm births who received prenatal care in a single academic prematurity clinic. Care ...
Poddighe Dimitri D Department of Pediatrics, Ospedale di Circolo di Melegnano, Vizzolo Predabissi, - - 2014
Unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia is a common finding in newborns. When it is exaggerated, it is usually investigated in order to exclude several diseases, such as newborn's haemolytic diseases, infections or hypothyroidism. Breast milk jaundice is a form of neonatal jaundice related to breast feeding and it is not usually associated with ...
García-Muñoz Rodrigo Fermín F Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular Materno-Infantil de Las Palmas, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, - - 2014
Background: Chorioamnionitis is a recognized risk factor of preterm delivery; however, controversy still persists concerning the relationship between maternal inflammation and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To determine the incidence of clinical chorioamnionitis and its relationship to morbidity and mortality among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis ...
Chiao Sunny S Department of Anesthesiology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2014
The use of volatile anesthetics, a group of general anesthetics, is an exceedingly common practice. These anesthetics may have neuroprotective effects. Over the last decade, anesthetic induced neurotoxicity in pediatric populations has gained a certain notoriety based on pre-clinical cell and animal studies demonstrating that general anesthetics may induce neurotoxicity, ...
Liao Steve M - - 2014
The neurodevelopmental outcome of at-risk infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is concerning despite steady improvement in the survival rate of these infants. Our current management is often complicated by delayed realization of cerebral deficits due to late manifestation and lack of effective screening tools and neuroimaging/monitoring techniques ...
Cuna Alain A Department of Pediatrics, Winthrop University Hospital , Mineola, NY , - - 2014
Although histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) is known to be associated with poor outcomes in preterm infants, its clinical significance among term infants is not clearly known. To investigate the utility of HCA in determining early onset clinical sepsis (EOCS) among term newborns. The incidence of HCA and EOCS in term infants ...
Kemfang Ngowa Jean Dupont JD 0000-0003-2404-0595 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaounde General Hospital, University of Yaounde I, P.O. Box 5408, Yaounde, - - 2014
Objective. To establish the percentile charts of birth weights for gestational age and sex within the Cameroonian population. Methods. A review of medical records of infants born between January 2007 and December 2011 at the maternities of two hospitals in Cameroon, Central Africa. Multiple pregnancies, births of HIV infected women, ...
Nowicka Agnieszka - - 2014
Evaluation of nasal CPAP (Infant Flow) as a ventilatory support, applied at birth in spontaneously breathing, extremely low birth weight newborns (ELBW). Retrospective analysis of the clinical course of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in 97 ELBW, who needed ventilatory support. In all patients the noninvasive ventilatory support was introduced within ...
Trumpff Caroline C Unit of Public Health and Surveillance, Scientific Institute of Public Health, Brussels, Belgium ; Faculté des Sciences Psychologiques et de l'Education, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, - - 2014
Several European countries, including Belgium, still suffer from mild iodine deficiency. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration in whole blood measured at birth has been proposed as an indicator of maternal iodine status during the last trimester of pregnancy. It has been shown that mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy may affect ...
Fernandes Ricardo M RM Department of Pediatrics, Santa Maria Hospital, Lisbon Academic Medical Centre, Portugal2Clinical Pharmacology Unit, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, University of Lisbon, - - 2014
Are glucocorticoids, alone or combined with bronchodilators, associated with reduced admission rates, length of stay, or improvements in clinical severity scores without increased adverse effects in infants and young children with acute viral bronchiolitis? There is no consistent clinically relevant association of single therapy with systemic or inhaled glucocorticoids and ...
Czech-Kowalska Justyna J Department of Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, - - 2014
The optimal vitamin D intake for nursing women is controversial. Deterioration, at least in bone mass, is reported during lactation. This study evaluated whether vitamin D supplementation during lactation enhances the maternal and infant's vitamin D status, bone mass and body composition. After term delivery, 174 healthy mothers were randomized ...
Wang Keyi K Department of Central Laboratory, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, No. 261 Huansha Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310002, - - 2014
Objectives. To evaluate the predictive characteristics of KL-6 and CC16 for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants, either independently or in combination. Study Design. This prospective cohort study was performed from 2011 to 2013 with preterm neonates of gestational age ≤32 weeks and birth weight ≤1500 g. Serum KL-6 and CC16 ...
Menezes Fernando Gatti FG Serviço de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar Hospital Albert Einstein São PauloSP Brazil Serviço de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar, Hospital Albert Einstein, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Ochrobactrum anthropi infection in newborn patients is rare, and the treatment is challenging because of its widespread and unpredictable resistance to antimicrobial agents and discrepancies between in vitro susceptibility and in vivo efficacy. We report the clinical and microbiological characteristics of Ochrobactrum anthropi bacteremia in a preterm patient.
Frostegård Anna G AG Unit of Immunology and Chronic Disease, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
To determine levels of athero-protective IgM antibodies against phosphorylcholine in mothers and term-born normal or low birth weight infants. Twenty three mother-infant pairs were studied, of whom 16 infants were within the normal weight range for gestational age (NGA; 3652[504] g) and 7 were small for gestational age (SGA; birth ...
Lombard Martani J MJ Centre of Excellence for Nutrition (CEN), North-West University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2014
Introduction: Infant and young child (IYC) growth impairment remains a public health problem in Africa partly because infants are exposed to staple foods (contaminated with mycotoxins) at an early age. Understanding the role of mycotoxins in IYC growth is vital, and this paper systematically reviews the available knowledge. Methods: Studies ...
Rotheram-Borus Mary Jane MJ Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Medicine, Semel Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
Interventions are needed to reduce poor perinatal health. We trained community health workers (CHWs) as home visitors to address maternal/infant risks. In a cluster randomised controlled trial in Cape Town townships, neighbourhoods were randomised within matched pairs to 1) the control, healthcare at clinics (nā€Š=ā€Š12 neighbourhoods; nā€Š=ā€Š594 women), or 2) ...
Huseynova Saadat S Department of Neonatology, Azerbaijan Medical University, Baku, - - 2014
Perinatal hypoxia results in neuronal and endothelial cell damage. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) expression and peripheral blood changes in perinatal asphyxia with neuronal injury markers in low birth weight (LBW) neonates. We compared the concentrations of ...
Wood Stephen S University of Calgary. - - 2014
To evaluate a possible association between neighbourhood socio-economic status and spontaneous premature birth in Alberta births. The study design was a retrospective cohort of all births in Alberta for the years 2001 and 2006. The primary outcome was spontaneous preterm birth at &lt;37 weeks gestation. Neighbourhood socio-economic status was measured ...
Nikolarakou Athina A 0000-0002-4685-0946 Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Service de Pédiatrie, Avenue Hippocrate 10, 1200 Brussels, - - 2014
Primary arthritis of chondrosternal joint is very rare and occurs in infants less than 18 months of age. Presentation is most often subacute but may be acute. Child presents with a parasternal mass with history of fever and/or local signs of infection. Clinical symptoms vary from a painless noninflammatory to ...
Sobze Martin Sanou MS Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, - - 2014
Poor infant feeding practices are common in Africa, resulting in physical and intellectual developmental impairments. Good feeding practices are crucial, especially in the first year of growth. HIV/AIDS has worsened the clinical and nutritional status of both mothers and their children, exacerbating high rates of malnutrition. The aim of this ...
Savino Francesco F Department of Paediatrics, University of Turin, Regina Margherita Children's Hospital, Turin, - - 2014
Reports on leptin concentrations in pediatric populations lack reference values for infants in the first months of life. Our study was conducted on healthy full-term infants between 2002 and 2012 to determine serum leptin reference values in subjects less than 18 months old. Routine outpatient blood tests for serum leptin ...
Doll Elizabeth E Division of Pediatric Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Utah , Salt Lake City, UT , - - 2014
Objective: Chronic neurological deficits are a significant complication of preterm birth. Magnesium supplementation has been suggested to have neuroprotective function in the developing brain. Our objective was to determine whether higher neonatal serum magnesium levels were associated with better long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in very-low birth weight infants. Study Design: A ...
Cardi Valentina V King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Psychological Medicine, Section of Eating Disorders, London, United - - 2014
The aim of this study is to examine emotional processing of infant displays in people with Eating Disorders (EDs). Social and emotional factors are implicated as causal and maintaining factors in EDs. Difficulties in emotional regulation have been mainly studied in relation to adult interactions, with less interest given to ...
Haghshenas Mojaveri Mohsen M Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center,Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2014
Background: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has a major role in hematopoiesis, immune and acute phase response and its serum level seems to be associated with the mode of delivery. The purpose of this study was to compare the level of IL-6 in mothers who delivered via cesarean section and vaginally. Methods: This ...
Fiszer Roland R Silesian Center for Heart Diseases, Zabrze, - - 2014
We describe a patient who, at the age of 6 months (body weight 6.1 kg), was diagnosed with a large atrial septal defect (with diameter 10-11 mm) that had spontaneously closed in a 1-year period. The timing of transcatheter intervention in children should be considered individually, paying close attention to ...
Turner Claudia - - 2013
Each year an estimated four million neonates die, the majority in the first week of life. One of the major causes of death is sepsis. Proving the incidence and aetiology of neonatal sepsis is difficult, particularly in resource poor settings where the majority of the deaths occur. We conducted a ...
Haq Iram I Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Great North Children's Hospital, Queen Victoria Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, NE1 4LP. Electronic address: - - 2013
High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) devices deliver an adjustable mixture of heated and humidified oxygen and air at a variable flow rate. Over recent years HFNC devices have become a frequently used method of non-invasive respiratory support in infants and preterm neonates that is generally popular amongst clinicians and nursing ...
McPherson Christopher C Department of Pharmacy, St. Louis Children's Hospital, 1 Children's Place, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the adverse consequences of untreated pain and stress on brain development in the preterm infant. Sucrose has widely been implemented as standard therapy for minor procedural pain. Anesthetics are commonly utilized in preterm infants during major surgery. Pharmacologic agents (benzodiazepines and opioids) have been ...
Heys Michelle M UCL Institute for Global Health, London, UK and Child Public Health Group, Imperial College River Island Academic Department, Paediatric Department, Northwick Park Hospital (NWLH NHS Trust), London, - - 2014
Accident and Emergency attendances continue to rise. Infants are disproportionately represented. This study examines the clinical reasons infants attend UK Accident and Emergency departments. A retrospective review of 6,667 infants aged less than one year attending Accident and Emergency at two district general hospitals in London from 1(st) April 2009 ...
Elliot Ricki-Leigh RL Mothers and Babies Unit, Hunter New England Mental Health, Mater Hospital Campus, Newcastle and University of Newcastle, - - 2014
Mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have disturbed relationships with their infants, possibly associated with poor nonverbal cue perception. Individuals with BPD are poor at recognizing emotion in adults and tend to misattribute neutral (i.e., no emotion) as sad. This study extends previous research by examining how mothers with BPD ...
Ofek Shlomai N - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a major cause of mortality (25%) and morbidity including recurrent sepsis, dependence on parenteral nutrition, need for surgery, and survival with short bowel syndrome in preterm very low birth weight infants. Mortality (45-100%) and morbidity including the risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairment are higher in extremely ...
Mugambi Mary N - - 2013
There is little or no information available on the impact of funding by the food industry on trial outcomes and methodological quality of synbiotics, probiotics and prebiotics research in infants. The objective of this study was to compare the methodological quality, outcomes of food industry sponsored trials versus non industry ...
Clearfield Melissa W MW Whitman - - 2014
Oral and manual exploration are part of the foundation of problem solving and cognition in infancy. How these develop in an at-risk population, infants in poverty, is unknown. The current study tested exploratory behaviors longitudinally at 6, 9, and 12 months in infants from high- and low-socioeconomic (SES) families. Oral ...
Toso Paulina A - - 2013
to test the clinical utility of an early amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) to predict short-term neurological outcome in term newborns at risk of neurology injury. this was a prospective, descriptive study. The inclusion criteria were neonatal encephalopathy, neurologic disturbances, and severe respiratory distress syndrome. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, ...
Lee Ming-Luen - - 2013
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare hematologic malignancy in children. Its presentations include anemia, thrombocytopenia, monocytosis, skin rash, marked hepatomegaly, and/or splenomegaly. Fever and respiratory involvement are common. Here, we report a case of a premature neonate with initial symptoms of respiratory distress. She gradually developed clinical manifestations of ...
Naicker Thirona - - 2013
We report two cases of complete non-mosaic trisomy 22 who were born within 15 months of each other in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. In an effort to consolidate diagnostic criteria to suspect trisomy 22 prior to chromosomal testing, we compare the clinical features of these infants with those of 23 ...
Garg Shalabh S Consultant Neonatologist, The James Cook University, Middlesbrough, United - - 2013
Despite surfactant and mechanical ventilation being the standard of care for preterm infants with respiratory failure, non-invasive respiratory support is increasingly being employed in neonatal units. The latter can be accomplished in a variety of ways but none of them have been proven so far to be superior to intubation ...
Sahni Rakesh - - 2013
This article highlights some of the important developmental characteristics that underpin common problems seen in moderate and late preterm infants. Preterm birth is associated with an increased prevalence of clinical problems caused by functional immaturities in a wide variety of organ systems, acquired problems, and problems associated with inadequate monitoring ...
Wallenstein Matthew B - - 2013
Moderate preterm infants remain at increased risk for adverse outcomes, including acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE). Evidence-based guidelines for management of hyperbilirubinemia in preterm infants less than 35 weeks' gestational age are not yet optimized. High concentrations of unconjugated bilirubin can cause permanent posticteric neurologic sequelae (kernicterus). Clinical manifestations of ABE in ...
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