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Results 201 - 250 of 664
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Lizza John P - - 2009
This commentary challenges the conclusions reached by Franklin Miller and Robert Truog in their criticism of the President's Council's White Paper, "Controversies in the Determination of Death." I agree with much of Miller and Truog's criticism of the rationale offered by the President's Council for accepting neurological criteria for determining ...
Vess Matthew - - 2009
Do reminders of mortality increase or decrease perceptions of life's meaning? The authors propose that death-relevant thought has divergent effects on meaning perceptions depending on individuals' personal need for structure (PNS) or dispositional desire for structured knowledge. In prior research, high-PNS individuals primed with mortality-related stimuli were found to employ ...
Davies Mary-Ann - - 2009
Knowledge of the experience and outcomes of current paediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes in sub-Saharan Africa can inform new programmes in the region as well as enhance existing ones. This is urgently needed to facilitate the scale-up of treatment, which is needed to address the burden of paediatric HIV cases ...
Manoukian Anthony A - - 2009
We report a perinatal death due to medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, which was referred to the Coroner's Physician as sudden unexplained infant death. Detailed death investigation including the autopsy findings, and newborn biochemical and molecular studies revealed the cause and natural manner of death. This disorder affects fatty acid oxidation ...
Elder Dawn E - - 2009
This study examined risk factors for timing and cause of death for extremely preterm infants > or = 23 weeks and < 28 weeks. There were 479 liveborn infants and 98 deaths reviewed over a ten-year period. Thirty-two deaths (33%) occurred on the first day of life and 72 (75%) ...
Watanabe Shinya - - 2009
To obtain the data concerning death losses due to stillbirth, neonatal death and diseases in cloned cattle derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and their progeny produced by Japanese institutions, a nationwide survey was carried out in July-August, 2006. As a result, lifetime data concerning 482 SCNT cattle (97.5% ...
Kinnaert P - - 2009
This paper demonstrates that discussions about the diagnosis of death and the meaning of states of suspended animation existed long before the publication of the Harvard criteria in 1968. The surgeons who started retrieving kidneys from heart beating cadavers have been accused to redefine death in order to obtain high ...
Dunkel Curtis S - - 2009
Three studies were conducted examining the relationship between thoughts of defecation and thoughts of death. In Study 1 and Study 3 it was found that making thoughts of feces salient reduced the accessibility of death thoughts. In Study 2 it was found that making thoughts of death salient decreased the ...
Abel Ernest L - - 2009
The authors assessed the relationship of mortality salience, as represented by birthdays, on the day of death. Preliminary studies considered the role of possible artifacts such as seasonality of birth and death, and time units for evaluation. On the basis of terror management theory's concept of "mortality salience," the authors ...
Hall Gillian C - - 2009
Data from a cohort study were used to investigate death and cause of death (COD) recording on the THIN UK primary care database. Subjects from 118 practices had a body mass index recorded, 2002-2003 (index date), no recent pregnancy or emotional event, or cancer. Coded and free text entries were ...
Wypijewski JoAnn - - 2009
Forty years ago, when lots of Americans made things, more of them died in a year on the job than died in a year fighting in Vietnam. This never registered much in the national consciousness. Death in war seems so preventable; death on the job is "an accident." Now, the ...
Manninen Bertha Alvarez - - 2009
For many years now, bioethicists, physicians, and others in the medical field have disagreed concerning how to best define human death. Different theories range from the Harvard Criteria of Brain Death, which defines death as the cessation of all brain activity, to the Cognitive Criteria, which is based on the ...
Egonsson Dan - - 2009
The concept of irreversibility plays a central role in most discussions of how to understand and determine human death. This seems to relativize death, since the possibilities of reversal will always depend on circumstance. I discuss the conceptual problems created by this fact, arguing that their seriousness depends on whether ...
Machado Calixto - - 2009
The acceptance of brain death (BD) as death of the human being has been progressively accepted beginning in the early 1960s. The issue of irreversibility is directly related to the diagnosis of human death, and it is closely associated with the concept of potentiality, i.e., that some patients still have ...
Wu Anise M S - - 2009
Chinese people are consistently reported to be less likely to commit to posthumous organ donation than the Westerners. This study aims at investigating how death anxiety may hinder them from expressing their willingness to donate organs. Among 290 Hong Kong Chinese adults (age plus or minus 25 years), a higher ...
Kim Su Hyun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to identify the course and the mechanisms of the experience of anger over a 4-year period after spousal death among older adults. METHOD: The study used a longitudinal prospective design with three-wave panel data (6, 18 and 48 months after spousal death), utilizing ...
Rooney Alejandro P - - 2008
The birth-and-death model of multigene family evolution describes patterns of gene origination, diversification and loss within multigene families. Since it was first developed in the 1990s, the model has been found to characterize a large number of eukaryotic multigene families. In this paper, we report for the first time a ...
Fritsche Immo - - 2008
Terror management research has shown that mortality salience (MS) leads to increased support and defense of cultural ingroups and their norms (i.e., worldview defense, WD). The authors investigated whether these effects can be understood as efforts to restore a generalized sense of control by strengthening one's social ingroup. In Studies ...
Davis George E - - 2008
In this study, we report that the gender ratio (GR) at death [where GR=(N(males)/N(males)+N(females))] of those born (and likely conceived) in solar cycle peaks (about a 3-year period occurring on average every approximately 11 years), is inversely related to mean male age at death; e.g., the higher the GR(at death) ...
Hartmann Henrik - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Natural and anthropogenic disturbances can act as stresses on tree vigour. According to Manion's conceptual model of tree disease, the initial vigour of trees decreases as a result of predisposing factors that render these trees more vulnerable to severe inciting stresses, stresses that can then cause final ...
Ragan Patricia - - 2008
During 2004 and 2005, Florida was struck by 8 hurricanes, resulting in 213 deaths. The Department of Health and Florida medical examiners monitor hurricane mortality surveillance. This study analyzed hurricane-related deaths reported by the Florida Medical Examiners Commission for 2004 to 2005. The objectives of this study were to (1) ...
Cassill Deby L - - 2008
Feigning death is a method of self-defense employed among a wide range of prey species when threatened by predator species. This paper reports on death-feigning behavior by the fire ant, Solenopsis invicta, during intraspecific aggression among neighboring fire ant workers. Days-old workers responded to aggression by death feigning, weeks-old workers ...
Southall Pamela - - 2008
Previous published research suggests there are a diverse, yet relatively consistent, set of factors present in sudden, unexpected, and initially inexplicable deaths in police custody. This retrospective analysis examines police custodial deaths in Maryland, USA. Police custody death is operationalized to include deaths which occurred suddenly and unexpectedly during police/citizen ...
Kellehear Allan - - 2008
The research literature about 'brain death' is largely characterized by biomedical, bioethical and legal writing. This has led to overlooking wider but no less pertinent social, historical and cultural understandings about death. By ignoring the work of other social and clinical colleagues in the study of dying, the literature on ...
White, Thomas Charles Raymond
(c) 2007 Opulus Press
Hossain Mohammad Samir - - 2008
Death is the end of life. But Muslims believe death is an event between two lives, not an absolute cessation of life. Thus religiosity may influence Muslims differently about death. To explore the impact of religious perception, thus religiosity, a cross-sectional, descriptive, analytic and correlational study was conducted on 150 ...
Shinzeki Makoto - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), it is clinically important at the time of admission to predict the likelihood of early death. This investigation aimed to clarify the factors predicting early death in SAP. METHODS: Early death was defined as death within 10 days after disease onset. Prediction factors for ...
Fulginiti Laura C - - 2008
In the past 5 years, the mortality rate among undocumented workers in Arizona has increased steadily. In 1998-1999, the number of deaths among border crossers was 28. That number increased dramatically in 1999-2000 to 106 and has exceeded 200 in each of the past 2 years. In the past, many ...
Power Trinda L - - 2008
This research was undertaken to explore gender, religiosity, perceived time-left-to-live and the interactions between these variables as predictors of fear of death in 144 Atlantic Canadian students using the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale (MFODS). Predictions about cause, age, marital status, and place of death were also derived from the ...
Bassett Jonathan F - - 2008
The present article examined differences in personifications of personal and typical death as a function of attitudes about death. Ninety-eight students enrolled in psychology classes were randomly assigned to personify death as a character in a movie depicting either their own deathbed scene or the deathbed scene of the typical ...
Beshai James A - - 2008
Cross-cultural comparisons of norms derived from research on Death Anxiety are valid as long as they provide existential validity. Existential validity is not empirically derived like construct validity. It is an understanding of being human unto death. It is the realization that death is imminent. It is the inner sense ...
Jackson Allison - - 2008
To assess the risk of using portable cribs and playpens as sleep surfaces for infants, data from playpen/portable crib deaths occurring between January 1, 1999, and February 4, 2004, that were reported to the Consumer Product Safety Commission were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-one playpen/portable crib deaths were identified. Two-thirds of the ...
Barthel Diana - - 2008
Antibacterial agents are used in malaria therapy due to their effect on two prokaryote organelles, the mitochondrion and the apicoplast. We demonstrate here that the ribosome-blocking antibiotics telithromycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin, but not linezolid, inhibit the growth of Plasmodium falciparum. Both drugs induce delayed death in the parasite, suggesting that their ...
Shah Syed Ghulam Sarwar - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to examine the pattern and magnitude of deaths in road traffic crashes (RTCs) in Sindh province of Pakistan. This cross-sectional study used data obtained from government documents and content analysis of daily newspapers' reports on incidents of deaths in RTCs. Results showed that the ...
Lester David - - 2007
In a sample of 87 undergraduates (61 women and 26 men; M(age)= 21.2 yr., SD= 3.4), scores on the death anxiety scales by Templer and by Abdel-Khalek were more strongly associated with these college students' fear of death for one's own death than for the death of others.
Istre Gregory R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To explore the epidemiology of pedestrian deaths in Dallas County, Texas, and to compare factors associated with pedestrian deaths on expressways versus those that occurred on other roadways. METHODS: We studied all pedestrian deaths among persons 15 years of age or older in Dallas County, Texas, from 1997 to ...
Kidwell Susan M - - 2007
Mismatches between the composition of a time-averaged death assemblage (dead remains sieved from the upper mixed-zone of the sedimentary column) and the local living community are typically attributed to natural postmortem processes. However, statistical analysis of 73 molluscan data sets from estuaries and lagoons reveals significantly poorer average "live-dead agreement" ...
Appelbaum Paul S - - 2007
This column examines a recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Panetti v. Quarterman, which embraced a broader view of what makes death row prisoners incompetent to be executed. Although the defendant understood that he was to be executed and the state's purported reason for seeking his death--two criteria suggested by ...
Chalif David J - - 2007
Pablo Picasso created the posthumous memorial painting, The Death of Casagemas, in 1901 in Paris. The Catalan artist, Carles Casagemas, was a constant companion of Picasso during his formative years in bohemian and "modernista" Barcelona and accompanied Picasso on his seminal first trip to Paris at the turn-of-the-century. Casagemas' suicide, ...
Yang Young-Jin - - 2007
A total of 384 Thoroughbred mares were investigated to determine and evaluate the features of early embryonic death at nine equine farms on Jeju Island, South Korea, from 2001 to 2003. Overall, 771 matings for 384 mares resulted in 376 pregnancies 15 days after ovulation. Subsequently, 12.2% (46/376) of these ...
Barnes Donna Holland - - 2007
A linguistic analysis of a series of letters written by a young man who died by suicide to 1 friend over a period of 2 years prior to his death revealed several trends, including a decrease in negative emotion words and an increase in death words. The implication of these ...
Yang Junzhong - - 2007
We investigate amplitude death in a regular array of nonlinear oscillators. We find that the system undergoes three transitions during the road to complete amplitude death. The first two are related to partial amplitude death: one induces partial amplitude death and the other enhances it. The last transition establishes complete ...
Dice James E - - 2007
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is one of the most common congenital heart defects, accounting for 5%-10% of all congenital heart disease in term infants. The occurrence of PDA is inversely related to gestational age and weight, with an even greater incidence in preterm infants. The maintenance of ductal patency is ...
Corff Karen E - - 2007
When medical management is warranted for closure of a persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants, treatment with a cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor is indicated. Indomethacin, available since 1976, has been the conventional pharmacologic treatment for PDA, but its use is associated with vasoconstrictive effects that impair renal, mesenteric and ...
Stemberga Valter - - 2007
Autoerotic fatalities refer to a death resulting from the participation in a sex-related activity designed to heighten sexual arousal. The overwhelming majority of these deaths are due to asphyxia, most often by hanging or ligature compression of the neck. Here we report a case of "atypical" autoerotic fatality in which ...
Tomás-Sábado Joaquín - - 2007
This study examined the dimensional structure of Templer, et al.'s Death Depression Scale-Revised and Abdel-Khalek's Death Obsession Scale. The responses of 353 Spanish undergraduates, 261 women and 92 men (M age= 19 yr., SD= 3.1), to the Spanish forms of both scales were evaluated by means of a principal axis ...
Gregory Patrick T - - 2007
Death feigning, a variant of tonic immobility, is usually interpreted as a last-resort antipredator measure. The authors describe death feigning in grass snakes (Natrix natrix) and test some of its potential correlates. Death feigning was seen in 66% of wild-caught snakes but was not seen in hatchlings from laboratory-incubated eggs. ...
Wang Haifeng - - 2007
We propose a three-species ( A , B , and C ) exchange-driven aggregate growth model with competition between catalyzed birth and catalyzed death. In the system, exchange-driven aggregation occurs between any two aggregates of the same species with the size-dependent rate kernel Kn(k,j)=Knkj (n=1,2,3) , and, meanwhile, monomer birth ...
Witort Ewa J - - 2007
Autologous fat transplantation (or lipofilling) is an excellent technique for correction of cosmetic defects. The success of the procedure relies strongly on the techniques of harvesting and transferring viable adipocytes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of two harvesting methods and coenzyme Q10 on the viability and ...
Mohanty Manoj Kumar - - 2007
This study was carried out on 88 railway related deaths in order to determine the specific pattern and distribution of wounds. Of the 88 victims, 79.5% were males and 20.5% were females. The majority were in the age group of 21-40 years. Most of the victims died as the result ...
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