Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 664
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wolff Noor J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of attachment and temperament on infant distress during venipuncture. METHOD: The study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a prospective population-based study. Two different research procedures (i.e., blood sampling and the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure) yielded measures of venipuncture distress and attachment security ...
Monteagudo B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Congenital melanocytic nevus is a benign proliferation of melanocytes that is present at birth or develops in the first months of life. Although such lesions are common, few studies have analyzed their prevalence in Spain. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to define the prevalence and most frequent ...
Romagnoli C - - 2011
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein that regulates many functions of an organism: It stimulates the production of red blood cells and it has angiogenic and neuroprotective properties in newborn infants. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a frequent cause of visual impairment in preterm newborn infants and it has two distinct ...
Koster Ellen S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Little is known about factors that determine prescribing of asthma therapy in infancy. OBJECTIVE: To describe factors related to the initiation and refill of asthma therapy in infancy. METHODS: This study included 1202 infants who participated in a prospective birth cohort study: the 'Wheezing Illnesses Study Leidsche Rijn (WHISTLER)'. ...
Kumar Poddutoor Preetham - - 2011
The study was designed to compare the biochemical characteristics of neonates transported by qualified transport team, before and after stabilization, interventions required and setbacks during these transports. Prospective cohort study of all neonatal transports during a period of 13 months from various maternity and pediatric centers was conducted; 151 babies who ...
Pellis Sergio M - - 2011
Spider monkeys shake their heads so as to facilitate amicable social contact. This occurs frequently during vigorous play fighting, and so is common during the juvenile period. Occasionally, juvenile spider monkeys use headshakes during nonsocial locomotor play. In this study, head shaking in early infancy and in adulthood was studied ...
Senter Lindsay - - 2011
We describe an approach for quantifying and characterizing the extent to which sudden and unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) result from unsafe sleep environments (e.g., prone position, bedsharing, soft bedding); and present data on sleep-related infant deaths in NYC. Using a combination of vital statistics and medical examiner data, including autopsy ...
Kil Tae Hwan - - 2011
The aim of this study was conducted to investigate the mean nRBC count in very low births weight infants (VLBWIs) and to determine the usefulness of the nRBC as an independent prognostic factors of perinatal complications in VLBWIs. This study was conducted on 112 VLBWIs who were hospitalized in the ...
Jansen Hanneke - - 2011
An international committee of experts recommended using HbA(1c) for diagnostic testing for diabetes. Little is known about normal values of HbA(1c) in infants. The aim of this study is to describe the distribution of HbA(1c) in 8- to 12-month-old nondiabetic infants. HbA(1c) was measured in 86 infants participating in the ...
Sassano-Higgins S - - 2011
Objective:Dopamine administration results in variable effects on blood pressure in hypotensive preterm infants. The clinical benefits of dopamine administration in increasing cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reducing adverse neurological outcomes in hypotensive preterm neonates are unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of dopamine for treatment ...
Morrow Ardythe L - - 2011
To investigate secretor gene fucosyltransferase 2 (FUT2) polymorphism and secretor phenotype in relation to outcomes of prematurity. Study infants were ≤32 weeks gestational age. Secretor genotype was determined from salivary DNA. Secretor phenotype was measured with H antigen, the carbohydrate produced by secretor gene enzymes, in saliva samples collected on ...
Gouin Katy - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To review systematically maternal antenatal cocaine exposure and adverse perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN:: Medline, Embase, CINAHL and secondary references in relevant studies were searched. English language studies of antenatal cocaine exposure and pregnancy outcomes published from 1966 to July 2009 were included. Metaanalyses were performed using the random effects ...
El-Dib M - - 2011
Objective:Preliminary studies suggested an association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature neonates. An advantageous effect of withholding feeds during transfusion has never been studied. We aimed, first, to determine whether preterm infants who developed NEC were more likely to be transfused in the 48 ...
Browne Marilyn L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Caffeine intake is common during pregnancy, yet few epidemiologic studies have examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption and birth defects. Using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), we examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption and anotia/microtia, esophageal atresia, small intestinal atresia, craniosynostosis, diaphragmatic hernia, ...
Jaiswal Ashish - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the growth and nutritional status at term (39-41 weeks) corrected gestational age in VLBW infants and to study the predictors of malnutrition. METHODS: This Cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care perinatal centre with level III NICU. All Inborn VLBW infants who were discharged alive from the ...
Amer Hazem E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present our experience with definitive surgical management of infants with Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infant (MNTI) and epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included four male infants with histologically proven MNTI (three infants) and EHE (one infant). CT scan and ...
Queißer-Luft Annette - - 2011
Living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants (NPP) is discussed here in terms of adverse health effects. A prospective population-based cohort study was conducted to evaluate whether the prevalence of birth defects in the vicinity of NPPs is elevated and scrutinize a possible distance correlation. A birth cohort born ...
Goodpaster Aaron M - - 2011
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) based metabonomics screening of urine has great potential for discovery of biomarkers for diseases that afflict newborn and preterm infants. However, urine collection from newborn infants presents a potential confounding problem due to the possibility that contaminants might leach from materials ...
Chou I-Ching - - 2011
Recent studies reveal that salivary cortisol measurements accurately reflect blood cortisol levels in older children and adults; yet, the relationship between the two values in premature infants has not been established. This study explores the use of salivary cortisol as an accurate measure of adrenal steroid concentrations in premature infants ...
Ince Osman Tolga - - 2011
Seroprevalence studies in various age groups contribute to a better understanding of hepatitis A infection and response to hepatitis A immunization. Hepatitis A seroprevalence in 12-month-old infants from Ankara was studied. Among 601 healthy infants, overall hepatitis A seropositivity was found to be 23.5%. There were no gender differences in ...
Novo Ana Carolina de Albuquerque Cavalcanti Ferreira - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of Cystatin C in healthy term newborns in the first month of life. Cystatin C may be a suitable marker for determining the glomerular filtration rate because it is not affected by maternal renal function. Cohort study. Inclusion: term newborns ...
Wobudeya Eric - - 2011
Rotavirus is responsible for over 25 million outpatient visits, over 2 million hospitalizations and 527,000 deaths annually, worldwide. It is estimated that breastfeeding in accordance with the World Health Organization recommendations would save 1.45 million children's lives each year in the developing countries. The few studies that examined the effect ...
Morag Iris - - 2011
The potential benefits and harms of different lighting in neonatal units have not been quantified. To compare the effectiveness of cycled lighting (CL) (approximately 12 hours of light on and 12 hours of light off) with irregularly dimmed light or near darkness (ND) and with continuous bright light (CBL) on ...
Cong Xiaomei - - 2011
Kangaroo care (KC), skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant, is a promising method for blunting pain responses. This crossover pilot tested KC effects on biobehavioral responses to heel stick in preterm infants (30-32 weeks' gestational age, 2-9 days old) measured by Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) and salivary and serum ...
Monteagudo B - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: salmon patch is a congenital venous malformation that usually affects the midline. Although it is very common, few studies have analyzed its prevalence or predisposing factors. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of salmon patch in a group of newborn ...
Dastgiri Saeed - - 2010
Considerable numbers of congenital cardiac anomalies are missed at the time of delivery. Study reports show that congenital cardiac anomalies are the second most common birth defect in many countries. Despite this fact, our previous study showed that the prevalence of congenital cardiac anomalies is the fifth most common one, ...
Chambers Christina D - - 2010
Most known human teratogens are associated with a unique or characteristic pattern of major and minor malformations and this pattern helps to establish the causal link between the teratogenic exposure and the outcome. Although traditional case control and cohort study designs can help identify potential teratogens, there is an important ...
Cetinkaya Merih - - 2011
To evaluate the cardiac function in premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers and its clinical consequences. This was a prospective observational cohort study performed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Fifty-three premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers comprising the study group were evaluated and compared with 42 premature infants ...
Tursz Anne - - 2011
Objectives To measure the extent and analyse the mechanisms of underestimation of neonaticides (infanticides in the first 24 h of life) and to identify characteristics of neonaticidal mothers. Design A retrospective study was carried out in 26 courts in three French regions covering 34.6% of all births in France. Included ...
Hogen Esch Caroline Elisabeth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: PreventCD (www.preventcd.com) is a European multicentre study, which studies the influence of infant nutrition, and that of genetic, immunologic and environmental factors, on the risk of developing coeliac disease (CD). The hypothesis is that it is possible to induce tolerance to gluten by introducing small quantities of gluten to ...
Sun L - - 2010
A great deal of concern has recently arisen regarding the safety of anaesthesia in infants and children. There is mounting and convincing preclinical evidence in rodents and non-human primates that anaesthetics in common clinical use are neurotoxic to the developing brain in vitro and cause long-term neurobehavioural abnormalities in vivo. ...
Hudara Shmuel - - 2010
Optimil is an infant formula, manufactured in Israel and introduced to the market in May 2008. To assess the effect of this formula on infant growth. The study group comprised 52 infants who for the first 6 months of life consumed Optimil, which constituted at least 25% of their total ...
Perra Oliver - - 2010
The control of social attention during early infancy was investigated in two studies. In both studies, an adult turned towards one of two targets within the infant's immediate visual field. We tested: (a) whether infants were able to follow the direction of the adult's head turn; and (b) whether following ...
Watson Gill - - 2011
Aim.  The aim of this study was to explore the early experiences of parents who have a very preterm infant. Background.  Very preterm infants are physiologically ill-prepared for extra-uterine life, but a greater number now survive birth and the postnatal period. The complex needs of the very preterm infant are ...
Hughes David P - - 2011
Parasites commonly manipulate host behaviour, and among the most dramatic examples are diverse fungi that cause insects to die attached to leaves. This death-grip behaviour functions to place insects in an ideal location for spore dispersal from a dead body following host death. Fossil leaves record many aspects of insect ...
Khan Anokhi Ali - - 2011
Synthetic glucocorticoids are the mainstay treatment for stimulating lung maturation in threatened preterm delivery. Animal studies suggest that in utero exposure to glucocorticoids leads to a reduction in birth size. Smaller birthweight has been associated with higher risk of many chronic diseases. Therefore, the authors undertook a systematic review of ...
Hall Martin Thomas - - 2010
This study describes the number and characteristics of accidental deaths associated with recreational inhalant misuse in North Carolina from 2000 to 2008. Inhalant-related deaths were identified via an electronic search of records of the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. Thirty deaths were attributed to recreational inhalant use, ...
Sajjadian Negar - - 2010
Germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common variety of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage and is characteristics of the premature infant. The importance of the lesion relates not only to its high incidence but to their attendant complications (IC: hydrocephalus). Brain sonography is the procedure of choice in diagnosis of germinal ...
Zawar Vijay - - 2010
Indian children often present with atypical forms of pityriasis rosea (PR). We describe a female infant with acrally located eruptions consistent with a clinical diagnosis of PR. This is an extremely rare presentation of the disease.
Khushf George - - 2010
Many accounts of the historical development of neurological criteria for determination of death insufficiently distinguish between two strands of interpretation advanced by advocates of a "whole-brain" criterion. One strand focuses on the brain as the organ of integration. Another provides a far more complex and nuanced account, both of death ...
Bernat James L - - 2010
The distinction between the "permanent" (will not reverse) and "irreversible" (cannot reverse) cessation of functions is critical to understand the meaning of a determination of death using circulatory-respiratory tests. Physicians determining death test only for the permanent cessation of circulation and respiration because they know that irreversible cessation follows rapidly ...
Shewmon D Alan - - 2010
In debates about criteria for human death, several camps have emerged, the main two focusing on either loss of the "organism as a whole" (the mainstream view) or loss of consciousness or "personhood." Controversies also rage over the proper definition of "irreversible" in criteria for death. The situation is reminiscent ...
Mejri Abdelwaheb - - 2010
Current recommendations suggest that routine screening for hypoglycemia should be performed in all term newborns with a birth weight (BW) below the 10th percentile. The impact of updated growth curves on the incidence of hypoglycemia in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns has not been evaluated. To evaluate the occurrence and severity of ...
Ramara N S - - 2010
HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice at Mankweng clinic in the Limpopo province are experiencing specific problems with various feeding methods. This study was undertaken with the aim to explore and describe the socioeconomic and cultural experiences of HIV-positive mothers who practise infant feeding of their choice. ...
Bernat James L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Death statutes permit physicians to declare death on the basis of irreversible cessation of circulatory-respiratory or brain functions. The growing practice of organ donation after circulatory determination of death now requires physicians to exercise greater specificity in circulatory-respiratory death determination. We studied circulatory-respiratory death determination to clarify its concept, ...
Tien Homer C N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Combat fatalities are reported by the media as a frequent cause of military deaths, yet they may not reflect the most common and preventable ways that soldiers die. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the leading causes of death in the military and to identify modifiable ...
Boskabadi Hassan - - 2010
Late-onset sepsis is responsible for high morbidity and mortality in newborn infants in the world and in particular in developing countries. In this study, we evaluated whether clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters and measurements of serum interleukin-8 (IL-8) are able to discriminate between late neonatal sepsis and normal baby. This was ...
Antommaria Armand H Matheny - - 2010
Michael Potts, Paul A. Byrne, and David W. Evans are critical of donation after cardiac death (DCD). Contrary to the authors' assertion that the removal of vital organs is the proximate cause of death, the eventual fulfillment of the neurological criteria of death is solely dependant on the rate of ...
Vaudry Wendy - - 2010
Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common congenital infection; however, the epidemiology in Canada has not been recently examined. The present prospective study pilots tools for a population-based study of cCMV infection in Canada by determining the maternal seroprevalence and risk factors, the clinical characteristics and the incidence of cCMV ...
Gracie Sara K - - 2010
Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Risk factors for preterm birth include a personal or familial history of preterm delivery, ethnicity and low socioeconomic status yet the ability to predict preterm delivery before the onset of preterm labour evades clinical practice. Evidence suggests that genetics ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >