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Shim So-Yeon SY Division of Neonatology, Ewha Womans University, School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Background: Even preterm infants with normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results are at greater risk for neuromotor dysfunction. Objectives: Our aim was to compare serial diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data from preterm infants without apparent brain abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging with those from term controls and to investigate the ...
Bansal Seema S 1Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL. 2Children's National Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of acute symptomatic seizures in infants with supratentorial intracranial hemorrhage, to identify potential risk factors, and to determine the effect of acute seizures on long-term morbidity and mortality. Children less than 24 months with intracranial hemorrhage were identified from a neurocritical care database. All patients who ...
Friedman Eleanor E EE Department of Epidemiology, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of - - 2014
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that is common in many tropical and subtropical areas. Dengue infections can occur at any age and time in the lifespan, including during pregnancy. Few large scale studies have been conducted to determine the risk of preterm birth (PTB) and low birthweight (LBW) for infants ...
Koontz M B MB Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Rapid weight gain in infancy has been established as a risk factor for the development of later obesity. We aimed to investigate the role of changes in infant body composition (assessed via total body electrical conductivity) on the development of overweight/obesity in mid-childhood. Fifty-three term infants were evaluated at birth, ...
Eckhardt Cara L CL School of Community Health, Portland State University, Portland , USA - - 2014
Abstract Background: Maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy is linked to foetal growth and may impact infant growth. Aim: This study examined the association between maternal vitamin D status and infant anthropometry. Subjects and methods: Data came from n = 2473 mother-child pairs from the 12-site US Collaborative Perinatal Project (1959-1965). Maternal ...
Magoha Happy H Ghent University, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Research group Food Chemistry and Human Nutrition - nutriFOODchem (partner in Food2Know), Coupure links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium; Open University of Tanzania (OUT), Department of Food and nutrition, P.O. Box 23409, Dar es Salaam, - - 2014
The carry-over of fumonisin B1 from contaminated feed into dairy milk also suggests its carry-over from contaminated food into breast milk. This study assessed fumonisin B1 contamination in breast milk and associated exposures of infants under six months of age. Breast milk samples were collected from 131 lactating mothers and ...
England Jasmin Tamsut JT Department of Pediatrics, UCLA Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Serum procalcitonin (PCT) concentrations have been studied as a diagnostic test for serious bacterial infections (SBIs) in children. However, the utility of a single measurement in the evaluation of SBIs in febrile infants younger than 91 days is not clear. Use a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine: 1) the ...
Hagadorn James I JI Division of Neonatology, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, Connecticut Department of Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, Connecticut Connecticut Human Milk Research Center, Hartford, Connecticut - - 2014
Background: Use of donor human milk (DHM) is increasing, but criteria for its use are not well defined. Materials and Methods: We conducted a 34-question Internet-based survey of medical directors of U.S. level 3 and level 4 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), with the goal of describing specifics of policies ...
Aronson Paul L PL Department of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut; - - 2014
Variation in patient care or outcomes may indicate an opportunity to improve quality of care. We evaluated the variation in testing, treatment, hospitalization rates, and outcomes of febrile young infants in US pediatric emergency departments (EDs). Retrospective cohort study of infants <90 days of age with a diagnosis code of ...
Idborg Helena H Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, - - 2014
We have investigated the clinical feasibility of the major urinary metabolite of prostaglandin (PG) E2, tetranor-PGEM, as a biomarker of inflammation in infants with fever. We tested two different and clinically relevant sampling methods, using self-adhesive urinary bags or gauze pads, with respect to stability of tetranor-PGEM and ease of ...
Tang Y-F YF Department of Gastroenterology, The General Hospital of Beijing Military Command, Beijing, China; Dalian Medical University, Dalian, - - 2014
Conventional methods of screening for Hirschsprung disease (HD) in newborns (barium enema, BE; anorectal manometry, ARM; rectal suction biopsy, RSB) have limitations and/or are invasive. High-resolution anorectal manometry (HR-ARM) is a minimally invasive technique that has potential to overcome most of these limitations, but normative data and performance characteristics have ...
Yoshino Atsunori A Department of Nephrology, Dokkyo Medical University, Koshigaya Hospital, 2-1-50, Minamikoshigaya, Koshigaya, Saitama, 343-8555, Japan, - - 2014
Although congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are the most common cause of pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD), little is known about the characteristics exhibited in the infantile period by CAKUT patients who develop ESRD. Further, an efficient screening method for CAKUT diagnosis is not available currently. ...
Reijman Sophie S Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The - - 2014
Deviant physiological reactivity to infant stimuli has been suggested to underlie maladaptive parenting behavior. Our study involved 44 maltreating and 42 non-maltreating mothers. During a standardized cry paradigm, mothers listened to nine cry sounds of varying pitches. Saliva was collected at baseline, after each cry sound, and after a recovery ...
Karabayir Nalan N Pediatrics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Approximately 5 % of infants born with a meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) develop meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Early recognition of infants at highest risk for the development of MAS and the prediction of disease severity are important for optimizing the clinical strategies for prevention and treatment. The aim of the present ...
Ogawa Yuki Y Department of Clinical Chemistry and Informatics, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 5-1 Oe-honmachi, Kumamoto, 862-0973, Japan, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the population pharmacokinetics of doxapram in low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. A total of 92 serum concentration measurements that were obtained from 34 Japanese neonates were analyzed using nonlinear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM). Estimates generated by NONMEM indicated that clearance of doxapram (CL; L/kg/h) was affected by postmenstrual ...
Aksu Tekin T Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Gazi University, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare interleukine-10 (IL-10) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) levels after breast milk storage by studying premature and term mothers' colostrum and mature milk and by analyzing those levels relative to gestational week. Methods: Fifty-four colostrum and mature breast milk samples were collected from both premature and term ...
Harris Gerald G Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Rutgers University, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is interest in determining the relationship between fine particulate matter air pollution and various health outcomes, including birth outcomes such as term low birth weight. Previous studies have come to different conclusions. In this study we consider whether the effect may vary by location and gestational period. We also ...
Smith Cameron - - 2014
Preference for sons in India has resulted in a skewed sex ratio at live birth, probably as a consequence of female feticide. However, it is unclear if these cultural preferences are also currently present in communities who have emigrated from India to England and Wales. Data of all live births ...
Bjerregaard-Andersen M M Bandim Health Project, INDEPTH Network, Bissau, Guinea-Bissau; Research Center for Vitamins and Vaccines, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To examine mortality and hospitalisations among infant twins and singletons after the perinatal period in Guinea-Bissau. The study was conducted from September 2009 to November 2012 by the Bandim Health Project (BHP). Newborn twins and unmatched singleton controls were included at the National Hospital Simão Mendes in the capital Bissau. ...
Dierig Alexa A 1 University Children's Hospital Basel, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases 2 Division of Infection Diagnostics, Department Biomedicine (Haus Petersplatz), University of Basel 3 University of Basel, - - 2014
Short courses of antibiotic therapy are recommended for treatment of pertussis. We report two young unvaccinated infants with persistently positive B. pertussis by PCR from nasopharyngeal swabs despite 7 days of clarithromycin (15 mg/kg/d) therapy. In one patient, quantitative PCR was 7.02 (log GEq/ml) at onset of treatment, 6.26 at end ...
Lake Eileen T ET Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research, School of Nursing, Department of Sociology, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, 302 Claire M. Fagin Hall, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
To determine if hospital-level disparities in very low birth weight (VLBW) infant outcomes are explained by poorer hospital nursing characteristics. Nurse survey and VLBW infant registry data. Retrospective study of 8,252 VLBW infants in 98 Vermont Oxford Network hospital neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) nationally. NICUs were classified into three ...
Lee Henry C HC Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Objective This study aims to characterize population risks for diagnosis, medical treatment, and surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low-birth-weight infants. Study Design Maternal and neonatal data were collected in 40 hospitals in California during 2011 for infants with birth weight ≤ 1,500 g without any congenital malformation, with a diagnosis of ...
Juster-Reicher A A Department of Neonatology, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To investigate the correlation between transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) and total serum bilirubin (TsB) in jaundiced infants before and after, but not during phototherapy. Methods: This study prospectively investigated the correlation between TcB and TsB in term and near term infants before and after phototherapy. Results: 673 pairs of ...
Hedstrom Anna - - 2014
Ninety-six percent of the world's 3 million neonatal deaths occur in developing countries where the majority of births occur outside of a facility. Community-based approaches to the identification and management of neonatal illness have reduced neonatal mortality over the last decade. To further expand life-saving services, improvements in access to ...
Weiner J J Division of Neonatology, Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, University of Missouri-Kansas City, School of Medicine, Kansas, MO, - - 2014
Objective:To determine the influence of physiological status and diagnosis at the time of death on end-of-life care.Study Design:Retrospective descriptive study in a regional referral level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of infants who died from 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2008. Infants were categorized based on diagnosis (very ...
Drozd-LipiƄska Alicja A Department of Anthropology,Nicolaus Copernicus University in - - 2014
Summary Analyses of historical or modern populations indicate a strong relationship between mortality level and standard of living, measured, among other factors, by degree of urbanization. The aim of this study was to assess mortality rates in children of up to 5 years of age in two populations living under ...
Ping Li L LL Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Background: Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is associated with an increased incidence of poor neurodevelopment. The knowledge of underlying neurophysiology is very limited, and the influence of NEC on the preterm brainstem is very poorly understood. Objective: To assess the effect of NEC on the immature auditory brainstem by excluding any ...
Hyttel-Sorensen Simon S Department of Neonatology, National University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen, DK-2100, - - 2014
Previously the NIRS oximeter OxyPrem was calibrated by comparison to the INVOS in a blood-lipid phantom. The aim of the present study was to test this calibration clinically. During vasculur occlusions in 10 adults and after birth in 25 term infants the relationship was OxyPrem = 1.24 x INVOS - ...
Chambers Georgina M GM National Perinatal Epidemiology and Statistics Unit, School of Women's and Children's Health, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
The unprecedented increase in multiple births during the past 3 decades is a major public health concern and parallels the uptake of medically assisted conception. The economic implications of such births are not well understood. To conduct a comprehensive economic and health services assessment of the frequency, duration, and cost ...
Zhang Shulian S Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
To investigate plasma ghrelin and obestatin levels, and ghrelin/obestatin prepropeptide gene polymorphisms, in sequentially enrolled small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Neonates were sequentially enrolled into this study and were then subdivided into different groups, according to different study aims and availability of study materials. Consequently, plasma ghrelin and obestatin ...
Fettah Nurdan Dinlen ND Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between cord blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) development in preterm infants. Study Design Between January 2012 and January 2013, 81 preterm infants, gestational age below 32 weeks, were prospectively enrolled into the study. Cord bloods of ...
Fukuda Misao M M&K Health Institute, Ako, Hyogo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate whether climate change is associated with male:female ratios (sex ratios) of fetal deaths and births in Japan. A population-based cohort study. Not applicable. Newborn infants and fetuses spontaneously aborted after 12 weeks of gestation. None. Yearly sex ratios of fetal deaths and newborn infants and monthly fetal death rates ...
Moffett Brady S BS 1Department of Pharmacy,Texas Children's Hospital,Houston,Texas,United States of - - 2014
Introduction: Digoxin or propranolol are used as first-line enteral agents for treatment of infant supraventricular tachycardia. We used a large national database to determine whether enteral digoxin or propranolol was more effciacious as first-line infant supraventricular tachycardia therapy. Materials and Methods: The Pediatric Health Information System database was queried over ...
Langan Martin Julie - - 2014
BackgroundSocioeconomic status has important associations with disease-specific mortality in the general population. Although individuals with Severe Mental Illnesses (SMI) experience significant premature mortality, the relationship between socioeconomic status and mortality in this group remains under investigated. We aimed to assess the impact of socioeconomic status on rate and cause of ...
García-Bournissen Facundo F Parasitology and Chagas Service, Buenos Aires Children's Hospital "Dr Ricardo Gutierrez", Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Benznidazole (BNZ) is safe and effective for the treatment of paediatric Chagas disease. Treatment of adults is also effective in many cases, but discouraged in breastfeeding women because no information on BNZ transfer into breast milk is available. We aimed to evaluate the degree of BNZ transfer into breast milk ...
Kocova Mirjana M Department of Endocrinology and Genetics, University Clinic for Children's Diseases, Vodnjanska 17, Skopje, Macedonia, - - 2014
To evaluate the thyroid screening program and to estimate the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) among newborns in the Republic of Macedonia, we measured thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in dried blood spot specimens using the DELFIA fluoroimmunoassay, over a period of 12 years. The TSH cutoff level was 10 mU/L blood. A ...
Troisi J J Dipartimento di ostetricia e ginecologia, Università degli studi di Salerno, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a weakly estrogenic compound that has been detected in a wide variety of food products and biological matrices (saliva, blood, urine, etc). Despite the potential risk of human exposure to BPA, little information exists concerning maternal and fetal exposure to BPA during pregnancy. The aim of ...
Puckering Christine - - 2014
Effective early intervention to prevent oppositional/conduct disorders requires early identification of children at risk. Patterns of parent-child interaction may predict oppositional/conduct disorders but large community-based prospective studies are needed to evaluate this possibility. We sought to examine whether the Mellow Parenting Observational System (MPOS) used to assess parent-infant interactions at ...
Tagliaferro T T Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2014
Objective:To determine whether early radiologic evidence of severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is predictive of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) failure in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants during the first 72 h of age.Study design:Retrospective analysis of 235 consecutively inborn ELBW infants who received initial support with CPAP. CPAP ...
Darfour-Oduro Sandra Asantewaa SA 1 Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign , Urbana, - - 2014
Abstract A low breastfeeding rate has been a consistent maternal and child health problem in the United States, especially for low-income families. Understanding mothers' social environment and overall well-being is important in determining how mothers will take care of themselves and their infants during the postnatal period in relation to ...
Xinghan Kristy Fu KF 1Khoo Teck Puat - National University Children's Medical Institute, National University Health System, Singapore 2Department of Paediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
The management of patients with IL-7Rα deficient, T-B+NK+ severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a challenge in absence of adequate diagnostic and treatment modalities. An infant diagnosed as SCID at 6 months of age, who received only supportive treatment is described. We present a different perspective of SCID that is managed ...
Nelson Suchitra S Department of Community Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
This longitudinal study of 194 very-low birthweight (VLBW) and 184 normal birthweight (NBW) infants hypothesized that the causal pathway between birth group (VLBW or NBW) and mutans streptococci (MS) acquisition (presence) at 18-20 months is mediated by biological, behavioral, and caregiver MS levels. Biological (number of teeth at 8 and 18-20 months ...
Hakan Nilay N Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate the indications and the complications associated with neonatal exchange transfusion (ET) performed for hyperbilirubinemia. Methods: This study included overall 306 neonates who underwent ET between 2005 and 2012. The demographic characteristics of patients, causes of jaundice and adverse events occurred ...
Topçu Hasan Onur HO Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to establish a fetal birth weight curve for gestational age for patients who presented to our tertiary referral hospital. The curve can be used for epidemiological analysis and also to develop Turkey's first national nomogram. A total of 68,255 live singleton pregnancies delivered during ...
Al-Saleh Iman I Biological & Medical Research Department, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To our knowledge, this study may be the first to examine the antagonistic role of selenium (Se) on oxidative stress induced by cadmium (Cd) and its impact on birth measures. Cd and Se levels were measured in umbilical-cord blood and the placentas of a subsample of 250 healthy mothers who ...
Moreno-Solís Gloria G Reina Sofía Children's Hospital, Avda Menéndez Pidal S/N, 14004, Córdoba, Spain, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study was performed to examine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in infants with acute bronchiolitis compared with control subjects and to evaluate the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH) D) and the severity of bronchiolitis. Serum 25(OH) D levels were measured by radioimmunoassay in 48 infants with acute ...
Hou Chuan C The Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute, 2318 Fillmore St., San Francisco, CA, 94115, United - - 2014
Purpose. High concentrations of unconjugated bilirubin are neurotoxic and cause brain damage in newborn infants. The exact level of bilirubin that may be neurotoxic in a given infant is, however, unknown. The aim of this study was to use a quantitative measure of neural activity, the swept parameter Visual Evoked ...
Lorch Scott A SA Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Perelman School of Medicine at The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa; Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa; Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the viability of a hospital readmission quality metric for infants requiring neonatal intensive care. Two cohorts were constructed. First, a cohort was constructed from infants born in California from 1995 to 2009 at 23 to 34 weeks' gestation, using birth certificates linked to maternal and infant inpatient records ...
Hendaus Mohamed A MA Department of Pediatrics, General Pediatrics Section, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the risk of acquiring acute respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis in infants and children delivered by the mode of cesarean section (C-section). A retrospective and descriptive study was conducted at Hamad Medical Corporation. Patients with ages 0 to 36 months hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis were included in the ...
Alkharfy Turki M TM Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicinal and King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Background/Aim: Development of hepatic dysfunction is a well-recognized complication of total parenteral nutrition in preterm infants. Previous studies reported the incidence of total parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis and described possible contributing factors to its pathogenesis, but little is done trying to determine its possible predictive risk factors. The aims of this ...
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