Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 764
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Roberts L W - - 1997
The objective of this study was to investigate the views of consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatrists on assisted-death practices. A 33-question anonymous survey was distributed at the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Annual Meeting in November 1995. The instrument explored perceptions of acceptability of assisted death in six hypothetical patient situations as performed ...
Spring D B - - 1997
PURPOSE: To determine whether reports of iodinated contrast medium-related deaths have decreased since low-osmolality contrast media (LOCM) became widely available in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With use of reports to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Spontaneous Reporting System, data on iodinated contrast medium-related deaths after LOCM became ...
Parker K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To determine how bedrails cause death in order to suggest clinical and ergonomic changes to prevent such deaths and to promote research to improve the use and design of bed systems. DESIGN: A review of reports of adult deaths and injuries from bedrails contained in the United States Consumer ...
Huddleston D J - - 1997
Death while in custody is a sensitive issue as it has the potential to cause legal ramifications and political fall-out, to embarrass the law enforcement community, and to incite the general population. Studies of deaths while in custody show that natural deaths are much more common than both suicides and ...
McLennan J - - 1997
The Revised Death Fantasy Scale (RDFS) is an 18-item measure based on metaphors of personal death. It was constructed to assess psychological aspects of contemplating personal death, at levels of awareness less conscious than those tapped by conventional self-report measures. It contains two subscales: Positive Metaphors and Negative Metaphors. In ...
Schnorr T M - - 1997
For cohort studies, the Social Security Administration (SSA) traditionally has been the principal source of deaths that occurred before 1979. In 1988, the SSA abolished a system that provided a relatively complete accounting of deaths and replaced it with the Death Master File. We examined the completeness of the SSA ...
Kario K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of earthquake (EQ)-induced coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: On January 17, 1995, the south part of Hyogo Prefecture in Japan was struck by a major EQ (Hanshin-Awaji EQ) measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale. We investigated the characteristics of EQ-induced CHD deaths ...
Schnabel A - - 1997
In a case where a 27-year-old prostitute was found stabbed to death, histological examination of the uterus mucous membranes was performed to estimate the time of death after a long postmortem interval. The time of menstruation was obtained from a witness statement. Assuming a regular cycles, the histology of the ...
Braun K L - - 1996
Although all of us experience death, not all of us think about death or respond to death the same way. This study begins to explore how cultural traditions, education, and tenure in Hawaii impact views of advanced directives, organ donation, suicide, and euthanasia. This information is useful to physicians who ...
Krus D J - - 1996
The transition of the East European countries from socialist to capitalist economies is marked by an exponential rise in traffic-related deaths. This increase is routinely ascribed to the rising numbers of privately owned cars; however, this explanation does not take into account the fact that, while in the Western societies ...
Bennett M I - - 1996
This study investigated the pattern and determinants of hyoscine (scopolamine) use for death rattle by a retrospective analysis of 100 consecutive deaths in a 22-bed hospice. Patient diagnoses, duration of stay, and doses and route of administration of hyoscine used in the final 48 hr before death were recorded. One-half ...
Gilbert-Barness E - - 1996
We have reviewed 35 deaths of infants who were found face down on polystyrene-filled beanbags or their equivalents. Most of the deaths were recorded as sudden infant death syndrome. One-half of the children died before the age of 2 months. It is suggested that the bags played a major factor ...
Orth K - - 1996
Phylogenetic analysis of the CED-3/ICE family of cysteine proteases suggests the existence of a subfamily most related to the Caenorhabditis elegans death gene ced-3 and includes Yama (CPP32, apopain), LAP3 (Mch3, CMH1), and Mch2. Here, we show that Mch2 is processed from its zymogen form to a proteolytically active dimeric ...
Spears T - - 1996
A recently published study discussed the trauma-related death toll that plagues northeastern Ontario, which has a much higher death rate from nonintentional trauma than the rest of the province Dr. Gary Bota, one of the study authors hates calling these tragedies accidents because that implies a random, act-of-God nature that ...
Limb D - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of prehospital deaths in a British population of trauma victims which may be preventable, and to investigate the effect of death at the scene and death in transit on potential survivorship. METHODS: Blinded review, by four specialists with an interest in trauma, of necropsy results ...
Tomer A - - 1996
An integrative, comprehensive model of death anxiety is presented. The model postulates three immediate antecedents of death anxiety: past-related regret, future-related regret, and meaningfulness of death. Past-related regret refers to a person's unfulfilled aspirations that should have been achieved but were not. Future-related regret refers to the anticipation that, as ...
Thorson J A - - 1996
A sample of 60 morticians completed the Revised Death Anxiety Scale. Their responses were compared with scores on that scale from 136 men from other occupations. The funeral directors' death anxiety scores were surprisingly high. Perhaps they are less able successfully to repress death fears because of constant occupational exposure ...
- - 1996
Drowning accounts for approximately 4200 deaths each year in the United States. Although electricity is documented infrequently as a cause of such fatalities, contact with electricity can result in death through temporary paralysis and drowning of persons who are swimming or wading, or through electrocution. From June 1989 through September ...
Lew E O - - 1996
Hurricane Andrew, a category 4 storm, made landfall in South Florida on August 24, 1992, and caused extensive structural and environmental damage. The Dade County Medical Examiner Department investigated 15 deaths directly related to the storm and another 15 natural deaths indirectly related to the storm. The aftermath of the ...
Moar J J - - 1996
The medicolegal approach to cases of anaesthetic-associated mortality and anaesthetic contributory death (ACD) occurring in Johannesburg, South Africa is presented. The approach adopted has been found to be reasonably workable in practice and places heavy emphasis on the surgical and anaesthetic-related reasons for perioperative deaths and, in particular, on their ...
Henry R I - - 1996
The confusion and embarrassment felt by a person discovering a body who has died through sexual asphyxia is likely to be considerable. Attempts may be made to disguise the nature of the death to medical attendants and to investigating police officers. A high level of suspicion and a knowledge of ...
Page W F - - 1996
Veterans of US military service are a valuable resource for epidemiologic studies, and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) files provide an effective way to gather mortality information on veterans, so long as these files provide reasonably complete death reporting. To determine the completeness of VA death reporting, we assembled ...
Zador D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the circumstances of death and toxicological findings in all heroin-related deaths in New South Wales in 1992. DESIGN: Coronial files of all cases of heroin-related deaths were reviewed. A standardised form was used to collect information on sociodemographics, history of drug use, circumstances of death, and results ...
Aylin P - - 1996
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare and fatal dementing illness. A direct link has been proposed between cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and a newly-identified variant of CJD. One possible explanation for the emergence of this new variant, together with a general increase in death due to classical ...
Rosenman L D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The biography of Ignatius of Loyola, the sainted founder of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), ends with his death in curious circumstances. METHODS: A careful search of the available sources written from the time of his death in 1556 to the present has reviewed the evidence. RESULTS: The ...
Berman A L - - 1996
In dyadic deaths, a second victim acts in consort with, is associated with, or is killed by a person who, contemporaneous with the first death, then suicides. Dyadic deaths thus include both homicide-suicides and suicide pacts. This paper describes, suggests organizing dynamics of, and illustrates distinct types of dyadic deaths. ...
Zhang P - - 1995
Seven cases of electrocution death by low voltage (< 80 V) were studied. Autopsy was carried out and the death scene was investigated. The conditions for low-voltage electrocution death, the state of the victim at the time of electrocution, postmortem examination and the nature of the electricity is discussed. It ...
Cui Q - - 1995
Removal of the superior colliculus (SC) in neonatal Wistar rats results in a rapid loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). There is an early twofold increase in RGC death 4-8 hr postlesion (PL) followed by a later 10-11-fold increase in pyknosis about 24 hr PL. We have now used neurotrophic ...
Hudson T - - 1995
Are states' HMO laws solving the problem? When Steve and Michelle Bauman brought home their newborn daughter last May, they had no idea that her death would help prompt New Jersey legislators to action. Yet cases like theirs, most often involving HMOs' policies on coverage for infant delivery, are leading ...
Levine B - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ethanol in deaths due to heroin intoxication. Over a 12 month period, all cases investigated by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, State of Maryland where a blood screen by Roche Abuscreen radioimmunoassay (RIA) was positive at a ...
Meissner W W - - 1995
Death dogged Vincent's footsteps throughout his life, and formed a core component of his unconscious fantasy system. It cast a lugubrious shadow over all of his undertakings--he found little joy and less love in life. It found its way onto his canvases, both directly--the grinning death's head--and indirectly. It found ...
Rubinstein R L - - 1995
This article reports on middle-aged daughters' perceptions of the experience of parental death. One hundred three married women, aged 40-62, were interviewed about six months after the deaths of their widowed elderly mothers using an in-depth qualitative interview format. As part of the interview, informants were asked to "tell the ...
Moore L - - 1995
We report on the deaths of two infants aged 10 1/2 and 11 weeks who were found face down in the angle between the base and side of their frame-suspended rocking cradles. Locking pins designed to prevent tilting of the cradles were not in place in either case. Investigation of ...
Nakagawa Y - - 1995
In Japanese culture, the concept of death with dignity focuses on enhancing the relationship with significant others (especially with family members) and is expected to continue even after death, unlike the autonomous decision making in Western cultures. Deaths in such relationships are self-worthy, majestic and wished for. The author depicts ...
Davis G J - - 1995
Impulsive killers often use whatever instrument is close at hand in the perpetration of their deed. We describe a homicidal death, first thought to be accidental, in a rural sawmill where the assailant manipulated a large board of wood into a machine known as a bull-edger (which cuts logs into ...
Reiber K B - - 1995
Loss of human life is one of the tragic costs of war. While combat deaths are expected, non-combat deaths during a military operation often come as a surprise to military planners and the public. During operation Desert Storm, all United States deaths related to the Gulf War were classified according ...
Boglioli L R - - 1995
Fraternity hazing can cause a variety of injuries and deaths. We recently had the opportunity to investigate a heat-related death that occurred during a college fraternity event. The original death investigation did not consider the circumstances of death, environmental conditions, or the subtle autopsy findings related to heat stroke. This ...
Yang E - - 1995
To extend the mammalian cell death pathway, we screened for further Bcl-2 interacting proteins. Both yeast two-hybrid screening and lambda expression cloning identified a novel interacting protein, Bad, whose homology to Bcl-2 is limited to the BH1 and BH2 domains. Bad selectively dimerized with Bcl-xL as well as Bcl-2, but ...
Connolly J F - - 1995
Many authors have suggested that some deaths resulting from road traffic accidents are in fact suicide. The purpose of this study was to examine the circumstances of single road traffic deaths in County Mayo, Ireland, over the 15-year period from 1978 to 1992 inclusive. Using the information available from the ...
Connolly J F - - 1995
It is clearly important to have accurate figures on suicides, but official statistics may not always reflect the true numbers of suicides. In this paper, the authors describe how the files of all deaths reported to the coroners of County Mayo, Ireland, for the period 1978-1992 were examined. Those deaths ...
Swanbeck G - - 1994
PUVA therapy has its roots in ancient India and Egypt and began to come into general use in the highly developed countries in the middle of the 1970's (1). The first reports of PUVA treatment of mycosis fungoides were published in 1976 (2); these were followed by several other studies ...
Paul R A - - 1994
An examination of the actual arguments put forth by the Biblical scholar Ernst Sellin regarding the hypothesis of the murder of Moses, upon which Freud is supposed to have based his own analysis in 'Moses and Monotheism', reveals that Sellin's theory, which differs widely from Freud's, contains many features which ...
- - 1994
Multiple incidents of illness and death following exposure to fumigated agricultural products in railroad cars have been reported by several states along the U.S.-Mexico border. From 1989 through 1993, the Texas Department of Health identified three incidents involving 11 exposed persons, resulting in two deaths. The California Environmental Protection Agency, ...
Obafunwa J O - - 1994
1. A retrospective analysis of 352 consecutive cases of fatal substance overdose that occurred in the Lothian and Borders region of Scotland (LBRS) between 1983 and 1992 (inclusive) is presented. All these cases were subjected to a full forensic autopsy with histological and toxicological studies. 2. The overall male:female ratio ...
Hanzlick R - - 1994
On the basis of data collection procedures and forms used in various death investigation offices, we developed generic death investigation report forms (DIRFs). One form was designed for documenting information collected by the initial investigator of death, and another form was designed for documenting information collected by the medical examiner, ...
Hanzlick R - - 1994
Death investigation statutes and practices vary among the 50 states. We reviewed the Model Postmortem Examinations Act, recommendations of the National Association of Medical Examiners, the College of American Pathologists' "criteria for autopsies," and the death investigation statutes and practices in each state. By consolidating the terminology from these various ...
McKeever C F - - 1993
The aim of this study was to examine the memory of Northern Irish Catholics (n = 20) and Protestants (n = 21) for violent events which had occurred over the previous 11 years and their explanations for those events. It was predicted that Catholics would recall more events involving Catholic ...
Viederman M - - 1993
Picasso and Matisse renewed their relationship in 1946 as the aging Matisse approached death. Picasso, ordinarily contemptuous of others and indifferent to their needs, revealed a markedly different attitude toward Matisse, whom he admired and whose affection and approbation he sought. The roots of Picasso's attitude are traced to his ...
- - 1993
Characteristics of causes of death and mortality patterns in homeless populations have been constrained by limitations in both the accuracy of estimates of the size of the homeless population and enumeration of the number of deaths of homeless persons (1,2). For example, studies of mortality among homeless persons in Fulton ...
Iwama A - - 1993
Fourty-three episodes of fungaemia encountered from 1978 to 1991 in 43 patients with haematological malignancies are reviewed here to analyse the risk factors for death and to evaluate the efficacy of early antifungal therapy. Low serum cholinesterase and elevated serum blood urea nitrogen were significantly associated with fungaemic death, defined ...
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