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Results 501 - 550 of 730
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Gothelf D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between components of death concept (preoccupation with death, death as a pleasant state, and death as final) and suicidal behavior in adolescents. METHOD: The death concepts of 51 suicidal inpatients, 102 nonsuicidal inpatients, 36 emergency room suicidal subjects, and 81 normal controls were compared using ...
Nordling C O - - 1998
King Charles XII of Sweden was killed in 1718 during his siege of the Danish fortress of Fredriksten. For 276 years, it remained an open question whether the lethal bullet came from the enemy or from a Swedish assassin. Now, a treatise published by a Swedish historian finally proves that ...
Cortéz M G - - 1998
The present work aims at learning the period of resistance to starvation (molting/death) of Triatoma rubrofasciata in different stages of development and the respective loss of weight until death. Eggs of specimens from the greater area of the city of São Luis in the State of Maranhão, Brazil, yielded approximately ...
Simonsen L - - 1998
Almost all deaths related to current influenza epidemics occur among the elderly. However, mortality was greatest among the young during the 1918-1919 pandemic. This study compared the age distribution of influenza-related deaths in the United States during this century's three influenza A pandemics with that of the following epidemics. Half ...
Fatovic-Ferencic S - - 1998
Urolithiasis can be traced back to periods long past, and its pathological substrate was well known from the beginning. This knowledge motivated rational, empirical measures of healing, which included a variety of recipes against stones. The paper presents two unconventional testimonies of urolithiasis in the 18th century. The Croatian Glagolitic ...
Edston E - - 1998
The reliability of measuring mast cell tryptase in post-mortem blood to diagnose anaphylactic deaths has been questioned because moderate elevation of tryptase can be seen also in control cases. Very high tryptase concentrations have been recorded even in a few control cases with known cause of death such as myocardial ...
Latha K S - - 1998
The giving of dowry on marriage is a widespread custom in India, but the attitude of society towards this practice is neither uniform nor consistent. 'Dowry death' is the result of a unique form of violence suffered by Indian women. The existing legal provisions relating to dowry and dowry deaths ...
Florian V - - 1998
Three studies were designed to examine the contribution of R. J. Lifton's (1979) symbolic immortality construct to the management of the terror of death and to investigate whether attachment style may underlie this contribution. Using a sample of 420 Israeli students, Study 1 revealed an inverse correlation between self-reports of ...
Norfolk G A - - 1998
This paper presents the results of a retrospective analysis of deaths in police custody from 1 January to 31 December 1994. During that year, there were 32 such deaths in the UK. For purposes of analysis, the deaths were grouped into three principal categories based on the frequency of their ...
Incerpi M H - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to determine if a group of patients with unexplained second or third trimester fetal demise have an increased prevalence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) when compared to controls. During a 5-year period from January 1989 through December 1993, the records of all fetal deaths > ...
Alali A O - - 1998
Analysis of content of death notices (obituaries, in memoriams, and funeral announcements) may offer some explanation of how Ghanaians express their feelings about the death of loved ones and the meanings they assign to death and dying. Analysis of 371 death notices selected from two widely read Ghanaian newspapers, the ...
Royer H - - 1998
David P. Phillips has reported evidence that famous people are often able to postpone their deaths until after a birthday. A reexamination of Phillips' data shows some aspects of his analysis to be questionable, including the lumping together of deaths that occur during the birthmonth, which does not distinguish deaths ...
Holliday R - - 1997
Organisms have the ability to harness energy from the environment to create order and to reproduce. From early error-prone systems natural selection acted to produce present day organisms with high accuracy in the synthesis of macromolecules. The environment imposes strict limits on reproduction, so evolution is always accompanied by the ...
Schaap A H - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible differences in emotional impact on parents following either a deliberate intrauterine death or a neonatal death in extremely preterm growth retarded infants. DESIGN: Retrospectively matched study by audiotaped semi-structured interview, 3-9 years after the perinatal loss. RESULTS: Nineteen couples (ten in the intrauterine death group and ...
de Maagd P G - - 1997
For naphthalene (NAPH) and 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (TCBz), lethal body burdens (LBB) of 8 +/- 3.1 mmol/kg wet wt (ww) and 14 +/- 4.5 mmol/kg (ww), respectively, were determined in fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). LBBs of both compounds were found to increase with increasing lipid content and time-to-death of fish within the ...
Rauchschwalbe R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To describe deaths due to drowning that involve the use of an infant bathtub seat or ring. DESIGN: Case series, cases reported to the US Consumer Product Safety Commission data systems. Setting. United States, 1983-1995. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Death in which an infant bathtub seat or ring was in ...
Roberts L W - - 1997
The objective of this study was to investigate the views of consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatrists on assisted-death practices. A 33-question anonymous survey was distributed at the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Annual Meeting in November 1995. The instrument explored perceptions of acceptability of assisted death in six hypothetical patient situations as performed ...
Spring D B - - 1997
PURPOSE: To determine whether reports of iodinated contrast medium-related deaths have decreased since low-osmolality contrast media (LOCM) became widely available in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With use of reports to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Spontaneous Reporting System, data on iodinated contrast medium-related deaths after LOCM became ...
Parker K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To determine how bedrails cause death in order to suggest clinical and ergonomic changes to prevent such deaths and to promote research to improve the use and design of bed systems. DESIGN: A review of reports of adult deaths and injuries from bedrails contained in the United States Consumer ...
Huddleston D J - - 1997
Death while in custody is a sensitive issue as it has the potential to cause legal ramifications and political fall-out, to embarrass the law enforcement community, and to incite the general population. Studies of deaths while in custody show that natural deaths are much more common than both suicides and ...
McLennan J - - 1997
The Revised Death Fantasy Scale (RDFS) is an 18-item measure based on metaphors of personal death. It was constructed to assess psychological aspects of contemplating personal death, at levels of awareness less conscious than those tapped by conventional self-report measures. It contains two subscales: Positive Metaphors and Negative Metaphors. In ...
Schnorr T M - - 1997
For cohort studies, the Social Security Administration (SSA) traditionally has been the principal source of deaths that occurred before 1979. In 1988, the SSA abolished a system that provided a relatively complete accounting of deaths and replaced it with the Death Master File. We examined the completeness of the SSA ...
Kario K - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of earthquake (EQ)-induced coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: On January 17, 1995, the south part of Hyogo Prefecture in Japan was struck by a major EQ (Hanshin-Awaji EQ) measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale. We investigated the characteristics of EQ-induced CHD deaths ...
Schnabel A - - 1997
In a case where a 27-year-old prostitute was found stabbed to death, histological examination of the uterus mucous membranes was performed to estimate the time of death after a long postmortem interval. The time of menstruation was obtained from a witness statement. Assuming a regular cycles, the histology of the ...
Braun K L - - 1996
Although all of us experience death, not all of us think about death or respond to death the same way. This study begins to explore how cultural traditions, education, and tenure in Hawaii impact views of advanced directives, organ donation, suicide, and euthanasia. This information is useful to physicians who ...
Krus D J - - 1996
The transition of the East European countries from socialist to capitalist economies is marked by an exponential rise in traffic-related deaths. This increase is routinely ascribed to the rising numbers of privately owned cars; however, this explanation does not take into account the fact that, while in the Western societies ...
Bennett M I - - 1996
This study investigated the pattern and determinants of hyoscine (scopolamine) use for death rattle by a retrospective analysis of 100 consecutive deaths in a 22-bed hospice. Patient diagnoses, duration of stay, and doses and route of administration of hyoscine used in the final 48 hr before death were recorded. One-half ...
Gilbert-Barness E - - 1996
We have reviewed 35 deaths of infants who were found face down on polystyrene-filled beanbags or their equivalents. Most of the deaths were recorded as sudden infant death syndrome. One-half of the children died before the age of 2 months. It is suggested that the bags played a major factor ...
Orth K - - 1996
Phylogenetic analysis of the CED-3/ICE family of cysteine proteases suggests the existence of a subfamily most related to the Caenorhabditis elegans death gene ced-3 and includes Yama (CPP32, apopain), LAP3 (Mch3, CMH1), and Mch2. Here, we show that Mch2 is processed from its zymogen form to a proteolytically active dimeric ...
Spears T - - 1996
A recently published study discussed the trauma-related death toll that plagues northeastern Ontario, which has a much higher death rate from nonintentional trauma than the rest of the province Dr. Gary Bota, one of the study authors hates calling these tragedies accidents because that implies a random, act-of-God nature that ...
Limb D - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of prehospital deaths in a British population of trauma victims which may be preventable, and to investigate the effect of death at the scene and death in transit on potential survivorship. METHODS: Blinded review, by four specialists with an interest in trauma, of necropsy results ...
Tomer A - - 1996
An integrative, comprehensive model of death anxiety is presented. The model postulates three immediate antecedents of death anxiety: past-related regret, future-related regret, and meaningfulness of death. Past-related regret refers to a person's unfulfilled aspirations that should have been achieved but were not. Future-related regret refers to the anticipation that, as ...
Thorson J A - - 1996
A sample of 60 morticians completed the Revised Death Anxiety Scale. Their responses were compared with scores on that scale from 136 men from other occupations. The funeral directors' death anxiety scores were surprisingly high. Perhaps they are less able successfully to repress death fears because of constant occupational exposure ...
- - 1996
Drowning accounts for approximately 4200 deaths each year in the United States. Although electricity is documented infrequently as a cause of such fatalities, contact with electricity can result in death through temporary paralysis and drowning of persons who are swimming or wading, or through electrocution. From June 1989 through September ...
Lew E O - - 1996
Hurricane Andrew, a category 4 storm, made landfall in South Florida on August 24, 1992, and caused extensive structural and environmental damage. The Dade County Medical Examiner Department investigated 15 deaths directly related to the storm and another 15 natural deaths indirectly related to the storm. The aftermath of the ...
Moar J J - - 1996
The medicolegal approach to cases of anaesthetic-associated mortality and anaesthetic contributory death (ACD) occurring in Johannesburg, South Africa is presented. The approach adopted has been found to be reasonably workable in practice and places heavy emphasis on the surgical and anaesthetic-related reasons for perioperative deaths and, in particular, on their ...
Henry R I - - 1996
The confusion and embarrassment felt by a person discovering a body who has died through sexual asphyxia is likely to be considerable. Attempts may be made to disguise the nature of the death to medical attendants and to investigating police officers. A high level of suspicion and a knowledge of ...
Page W F - - 1996
Veterans of US military service are a valuable resource for epidemiologic studies, and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) files provide an effective way to gather mortality information on veterans, so long as these files provide reasonably complete death reporting. To determine the completeness of VA death reporting, we assembled ...
Zador D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the circumstances of death and toxicological findings in all heroin-related deaths in New South Wales in 1992. DESIGN: Coronial files of all cases of heroin-related deaths were reviewed. A standardised form was used to collect information on sociodemographics, history of drug use, circumstances of death, and results ...
Aylin P - - 1996
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare and fatal dementing illness. A direct link has been proposed between cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and a newly-identified variant of CJD. One possible explanation for the emergence of this new variant, together with a general increase in death due to classical ...
Rosenman L D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The biography of Ignatius of Loyola, the sainted founder of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), ends with his death in curious circumstances. METHODS: A careful search of the available sources written from the time of his death in 1556 to the present has reviewed the evidence. RESULTS: The ...
Berman A L - - 1996
In dyadic deaths, a second victim acts in consort with, is associated with, or is killed by a person who, contemporaneous with the first death, then suicides. Dyadic deaths thus include both homicide-suicides and suicide pacts. This paper describes, suggests organizing dynamics of, and illustrates distinct types of dyadic deaths. ...
Zhang P - - 1995
Seven cases of electrocution death by low voltage (< 80 V) were studied. Autopsy was carried out and the death scene was investigated. The conditions for low-voltage electrocution death, the state of the victim at the time of electrocution, postmortem examination and the nature of the electricity is discussed. It ...
Cui Q - - 1995
Removal of the superior colliculus (SC) in neonatal Wistar rats results in a rapid loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). There is an early twofold increase in RGC death 4-8 hr postlesion (PL) followed by a later 10-11-fold increase in pyknosis about 24 hr PL. We have now used neurotrophic ...
Hudson T - - 1995
Are states' HMO laws solving the problem? When Steve and Michelle Bauman brought home their newborn daughter last May, they had no idea that her death would help prompt New Jersey legislators to action. Yet cases like theirs, most often involving HMOs' policies on coverage for infant delivery, are leading ...
Levine B - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ethanol in deaths due to heroin intoxication. Over a 12 month period, all cases investigated by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, State of Maryland where a blood screen by Roche Abuscreen radioimmunoassay (RIA) was positive at a ...
Meissner W W - - 1995
Death dogged Vincent's footsteps throughout his life, and formed a core component of his unconscious fantasy system. It cast a lugubrious shadow over all of his undertakings--he found little joy and less love in life. It found its way onto his canvases, both directly--the grinning death's head--and indirectly. It found ...
Rubinstein R L - - 1995
This article reports on middle-aged daughters' perceptions of the experience of parental death. One hundred three married women, aged 40-62, were interviewed about six months after the deaths of their widowed elderly mothers using an in-depth qualitative interview format. As part of the interview, informants were asked to "tell the ...
Moore L - - 1995
We report on the deaths of two infants aged 10 1/2 and 11 weeks who were found face down in the angle between the base and side of their frame-suspended rocking cradles. Locking pins designed to prevent tilting of the cradles were not in place in either case. Investigation of ...
Nakagawa Y - - 1995
In Japanese culture, the concept of death with dignity focuses on enhancing the relationship with significant others (especially with family members) and is expected to continue even after death, unlike the autonomous decision making in Western cultures. Deaths in such relationships are self-worthy, majestic and wished for. The author depicts ...
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