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Results 501 - 550 of 774
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Gannett P M - - 2001
Barbiturates are widely used as sedatives, hypnotics, and antiepileptics, and, when coupled with their narrow therapeutic index, the probability that their use will result in accidental or intentional death is significant. When barbiturates are implicated in a murder or suicide, analysis for their presence is often required. Under certain conditions, ...
Patel F - - 2001
A toxicological analysis is mandatory in the investigation of sudden deaths, which in drug abusers may be due to many factors. In some instances the toxicology may be essentially negative and requires an explanation for the cause of death. The case report illustrates a challenge for forensic practitioners when 'death ...
Campobasso C P - - 2001
An adequate death investigation requires the combined efforts and cooperation of experts in different disciplines: crime scene technicians, death investigators, forensic pathologists, anthropologists, entomologists, other medical and non-medical professionals. These front-line experts play a crucial role in every death investigation process. The forensic pathologist normally has the legal authority to ...
Li Q Y - - 2001
Using the inactivation of mitochondrial and cytosolic aconitases as markers of compartment-specific superoxide (O2(-)) production, we show that oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) or excitotoxin exposure produce a time-dependent inactivation of mitochondrial, but not cytosolic, aconitase in cortical cultures. To determine if mitochondrial O2(-) production was an important determinant in neuronal death ...
Morioka M - - 2001
Japan has been holding a nationwide debate over the nature of death for nearly twenty years. That debate led eventually to a law that gives citizens the opportunity to choose which of two views of death will apply to their own death. That law is now up for revision, and ...
Kroth J - - 2001
Dream characteristics of 29 women from a graduate program were correlated with scores on the Sensation-Seeking and Death Anxiety scales. Significant positive correlations were obtained between Sensation Seeking and dream frequency (.38), meaningful dreams (.38), and Openness and depth of dreaming (.39) as well as between Thrill-seeking and dream frequency ...
DeVita M A - - 2001
In the past, inadequate diagnostic instruments sometimes led to incorrect diagnoses of death, so careful and prolonged observation--the "death watch"--was required. Diagnostic instruments are now accurate and determining the presence or absence of circulation and cerebral function is easy in virtually all cases. Still, ambiguity and controversy in diagnosing death ...
Casarett D - - 2001
This consensus paper describes the essential skills that clinicians need to help persons who are experiencing grief after the death of a loved one. Four aspects of the grieving process are reviewed: anticipatory grief, acute grief, normal grief reactions, and complicated grief. Techniques for assessment and recommendations about interventions and ...
Jones S F - - 2001
Biomedicine is a global enterprise constructed upon the belief in the universality of scientific truths. However, despite huge scientific advances over recent decades it has not been able to formulate a specific and universal definition of death: In fact, in its attempt to redefine death, the concept of death appears ...
O'Connor A R - - 2001
Low birth weight infants are at greater risk of ophthalmic morbidity compared to children born at term. There are numerous studies detailing the outcome of low birth weight infants and the purpose of this paper is to discuss and summarize these studies, focusing on the long term effects on visual ...
Nadesan K - - 2001
Deaths due to plastic bag suffocation or plastic bag asphyxia are not reported in Malaysia. In the West many suicides by plastic bag asphyxia, particularly in the elderly and those who are chronically and terminally ill, have been reported. Accidental deaths too are not uncommon in the West, both among ...
Huey R B - - 2001
An 8000-m peak bring challenges of extremes of hypoxia and weather as well as the normal hazards of climbing itself. These challenges have taken a severe toll: 604 mountaineers have died on those great peaks since 1950. Little is known about whether mountain height, use of supplemental oxygen, or team ...
Alsop J C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The Christmas period road toll is a highly publicized 'summary' of the number of road deaths that occur each year during New Zealand's summer holiday period. Our aims were to identify significant changes in the Christmas road toll during 1968-98, highlight the ability to detect changes and determine if ...
Vickio C J - - 2000
Many of us assume that life is highly predictable, subject to our control, and destined to continue indefinitely. Although such perspectives on life afford us a sense of security, these views tend to be incompatible with the experience of death. This article outlines the benefits of assimilating death into our ...
Ely S F - - 2000
Conjunctival and facial petechiae, although nonspecific findings, are considered hallmarks of asphyxial deaths. Consensus in the literature suggests that their pathogenesis is related to the combined effects of increased cephalic venous pressure and hypoxic damage to endothelial cells. Despite the common knowledge that they are neither predictable findings in all ...
Pillai D R - - 2000
Amoebiasis is responsible for 50000-100000 deaths annually. Invasive amoebic disease begins with the attachment of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites to colonic mucin, a process mediated by the amoebic Gal/GalNAc lectin. The non-pathogenic counterpart, E. dispar, is morphologically identical but genetically distinct. Investigations comparing the Gal/GalNac lectin from these two organisms are ...
Christen A G - - 2000
The search for a modern, humane method of criminal execution was triggered by a freak accident which occurred in Buffalo, New York in 1881. Dr. Alfred P. Southwick (a former steam-boat engineer, noted dentist and dental educator) happened to witness an intoxicated man die after he inadvertently touched a live ...
Schwartz J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the association between SO(2) and daily deaths in Philadelphia during the years 1974-88 is due to its correlation with airborne particles, and vice versa. METHODS: There is a significant variation in the relation between total suspended particulate (TSP) and SO(2) in Philadelphia by year and season. ...
Forsell Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to study the 3-year outcome of death wishes in an elderly population. METHOD: 1099 very elderly people were examined extensively by physicians, including a structured psychiatric interview. Three years later those who had survived were re-examined (n = 683) using a similar procedure. ...
Wehner F - - 2000
To improve the possibilities to delimit the time of death after longer laytime it was examined if this is possible by immunohistochemical detection of thyroglobulin. The results show that in our examination material the colloid and the follicular cells of the thyroid glands of up to 5-day-old corpses produce a ...
Terrado J - - 2000
Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes the survival of several neuronal populations, but recently it has also been shown to induce neuronal cell death. Here we report the effects of NGF on lesioned motoneurons. We have analyzed facial and sciatic motoneurons in newborn and adult BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice, in addition ...
Leistikow B N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Deaths of parents often harm their children, taxpayers, and society, for decades. So we estimated the smoking-attributable (SA) counts and percentages (SA%) of U.S. 1994 deaths at child-rearing ages; youths (ages <18) left motherless or fatherless; and resulting Social Security Survivors Insurance taxes. DESIGN: U.S. 1994 age/sex/education-specific total and ...
Lee P - - 2000
Earlier studies reported a decline in September mortality in New York City and Budapest during years when Yom Kippur was in the interval September 28 through October 3, and fewer deaths among Californians with Jewish surnames during the week preceding Passover than during the week after Passover. These studies suggest ...
Warren B - - 2000
This paper reports a study concerned with an attempt to understand the manner in which individuals at high objective risk of death through their own behaviour, understand the phenomenon of death, and their own death. It is an extension of an earlier empirical study (Warren et al., 1994) which in ...
deJong J L - - 2000
To evaluate the level of agreement between medical examiner investigators' opinion of the manner of death and what the manner of death was as certified by forensic pathologist medical examiners (MEs), we reviewed the case records stored in a database of all deaths reported to the office of the medical ...
Carter N - - 2000
The use of phenethylamines in the dance scene is now well established. Apart from amphetamine, the commonest phenethylamine encountered in clinical and forensic settings is 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) commonly known as ecstasy. Other phenethylamines, which have similar effects are encountered, such as 3,4-methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDEA) and their use has resulted in death. ...
Nelson H R - - 2000
In this article I have attempted to draw connections between the near-death experience, biblical spirituality, and the ministry of the spiritual caregiver. Also, I have described the near-death phenomena and given particular emphasis to the dying and death processes, including the offering of guidelines for approaching death. In my ministry ...
Richter E D - - 2000
Epidemiologists have generally avoided to assess risk for road deaths from high-speed highways. We examined the validity of the claim that the Trans-Israel Highway, a six-lane 320 km toll road with higher design speed, and raised speed limits (120 kph), will reduce road deaths. We used models showing that death ...
Leichtentritt R D - - 2000
The study examines descriptions by twenty-six elderly Israelis of a good death. The transcripts of personal interviews were analyzed using phenomenological methods to determine general and essential essences of the good death phenomenon. The good death was perceived as a multidimensional phenomenon based on eighteen general essences that were condensed ...
Suruda A - - 1999
There is little published information concerning the epidemiology of injuries in the construction industry involving cranes other than for electrical injury from power line contact. For the 11-year period of 1984 through 1994, the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) investigated 502 deaths in 479 incidents involving cranes in ...
Evans J W - - 1999
The present study explored temporal and self/other dimensions of death attitudes among young adults. One hundred seventy-two undergraduate students were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 conditions: writing about one's death (age unspecified), one's death as a young adult, or the death of another (age unspecified), or the death of ...
Hernández-Suárez C M - - 1999
In this paper a regenerative argument is used to derive an expression for the expectation of the integral under the stochastic path of a birth-death Markov process up to extinction time as well as for the expected time to extinction. Some applications to classical-birth-death processes are given.
Pyszczynski T - - 1999
Distinct defensive processes are activated by conscious and nonconscious but accessible thoughts of death. Proximal defenses, which entail suppressing death-related thoughts or pushing the problem of death into the distant future by denying one's vulnerability, are rational, threat-focused, and activated when thoughts of death are in current focal attention. Distal ...
Abder-Rahman H A - - 1999
In homicidal deaths, many countries, including Jordan, used to differentiate between an intention to kill some person and whether or not this intention is preceded by premeditation or planning in advance. A retrospective review of 42 homicidal mechanical asphyxial deaths was carried out with special regard to the types of ...
Lizza J P - - 1999
This paper discusses how alternative concepts of personhood affect the definition of death. I argue that parties in the debate over the definition of death have employed different concepts of personhood, and thus have been talking past each other by proposing definitions of death for different kinds of things. In ...
van Veen L - - 1999
Death from fenitrothion intoxication in young broiler chicks has never been reported. The mortality in this instance was 16.4% in the first week. The dead birds were found lying in a ventral position resting their heads on the floor. Prior to death dyspnea and paralysis occurred. A concentration of 120 ...
DeLorme A W - - 1999
A paucity of information exists about the electrophysiological and anatomical correlates of neurons committed to die in vivo. Thus, we examined how an identified neuron, motoneuron MN-12, dies during development in the intact moth Manduca sexta. The developmental programmed cell death of this motoneuron was examined because of its defined ...
Chu X - - 1999
This paper estimates the number of deaths that may have been avoided in 1995 because of changes in selected travel patterns during the period from 1969 to 1995 in the US. Four travel patterns are considered, including distributions of travel between urban and rural areas, between interstates and other roadways, ...
Sánchez I - - 1999
We show here that caspase-8 is required for the death of primary rat neurons induced by an expanded polyglutamine repeat (Q79). Expression of Q79 recruited and activated caspase-8. Inhibition of caspase-8 blocked polyglutamine-induced cell death. Coexpression of Q79 with the caspase inhibitor CrmA, a dominant-negative mutant of FADD (FADD DN), ...
- - 1999
From 1985 through 1997, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) identified 113 deaths associated with all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) in West Virginia. This report summarizes data from the CPSC ATV-related death database and on-site and/or follow-up telephone investigations; findings indicate that approximately two thirds of deaths were caused by injury ...
Rout P K - - 1999
A study using two high-performance broiler lines, a synthetic male line (SML) and a synthetic dam line (SDL), was undertaken to investigate the pattern of mortality due to induced liver tumours (LT) and the immune response to subgroup A virus inoculated via the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) route. The distribution patterns ...
Bailley S E - - 1999
Previous empirical investigations have produced mixed results on the question of whether mode of death differentially affects grief. To further investigate the influence of suicide on grief, 350 previously bereaved university students completed a questionnaire package consisting of several standardized measures. Participants were separated into four groups based on the ...
Page C E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic characteristics and patterns of death of persons killed in snow avalanches over a 45-year study period. METHODS: The national avalanche database was the source of data in this retrospective, descriptive study. RESULTS: A total of 440 victims were killed in 324 fatal avalanches, of which ...
- - 1998
Although hypothermia-related deaths are prevalent during the winter in states that have moderately cold (e.g., Illinois, New York, and Pennsylvania) to severely cold (e.g., Alaska and North Dakota) winters and in states with mountainous or desert terrain (e.g., Arizona, Montana, and New Mexico), hypothermia-related deaths also occur in states with ...
Gothelf D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between components of death concept (preoccupation with death, death as a pleasant state, and death as final) and suicidal behavior in adolescents. METHOD: The death concepts of 51 suicidal inpatients, 102 nonsuicidal inpatients, 36 emergency room suicidal subjects, and 81 normal controls were compared using ...
Nordling C O - - 1998
King Charles XII of Sweden was killed in 1718 during his siege of the Danish fortress of Fredriksten. For 276 years, it remained an open question whether the lethal bullet came from the enemy or from a Swedish assassin. Now, a treatise published by a Swedish historian finally proves that ...
Cortéz M G - - 1998
The present work aims at learning the period of resistance to starvation (molting/death) of Triatoma rubrofasciata in different stages of development and the respective loss of weight until death. Eggs of specimens from the greater area of the city of São Luis in the State of Maranhão, Brazil, yielded approximately ...
Simonsen L - - 1998
Almost all deaths related to current influenza epidemics occur among the elderly. However, mortality was greatest among the young during the 1918-1919 pandemic. This study compared the age distribution of influenza-related deaths in the United States during this century's three influenza A pandemics with that of the following epidemics. Half ...
Fatovic-Ferencic S - - 1998
Urolithiasis can be traced back to periods long past, and its pathological substrate was well known from the beginning. This knowledge motivated rational, empirical measures of healing, which included a variety of recipes against stones. The paper presents two unconventional testimonies of urolithiasis in the 18th century. The Croatian Glagolitic ...
Edston E - - 1998
The reliability of measuring mast cell tryptase in post-mortem blood to diagnose anaphylactic deaths has been questioned because moderate elevation of tryptase can be seen also in control cases. Very high tryptase concentrations have been recorded even in a few control cases with known cause of death such as myocardial ...
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