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- - 1993
Characteristics of causes of death and mortality patterns in homeless populations have been constrained by limitations in both the accuracy of estimates of the size of the homeless population and enumeration of the number of deaths of homeless persons (1,2). For example, studies of mortality among homeless persons in Fulton ...
Iwama A - - 1993
Fourty-three episodes of fungaemia encountered from 1978 to 1991 in 43 patients with haematological malignancies are reviewed here to analyse the risk factors for death and to evaluate the efficacy of early antifungal therapy. Low serum cholinesterase and elevated serum blood urea nitrogen were significantly associated with fungaemic death, defined ...
Oluwasanmi A J - - 1993
A study of road accident trends in Nigeria between the period 1960 and 1989 revealed a sharp increase in fatal accident occurrence. Between 1960 and 1969, it was observed that over 18,000 deaths occurred as a result of road accidents. By the third decade (1980-1989), this figure had increased to ...
Coplans M P - - 1993
A study of deaths associated with dentistry and dental disease in England and Wales between 1980 and 1989 has been undertaken. There were fewer deaths associated with dentistry than in the previous decade. Whilst most of the deaths are still associated with general anaesthesia, the total number has decreased, as ...
Donovan G K - - 1993
The scarcity of donor organs results in the death of some pediatric transplant candidates while they wait for an organ. The use of anencephalic infants has been suggested as a way to increase the donor pool. Advantages and disadvantages of this approach are reviewed, and recommendations made for the state ...
Blong R J - - 1993
Archival and library search techniques have been used to establish extensive databases on deaths and damage resulting from natural hazards in the Solomon Islands. Although the records of fatalities are certainly incomplete, volcanic eruptions, tropical cyclones, landslides, tsunami and earthquakes appear to have been the most important. Only 22 per ...
Berry H H - - 1993
Anthrax has been studied intensively in Etosha National Park, Namibia since 1966; in addition, since 1975, mortality due to rabies and all other causes has been recorded, totalling 6,190 deaths. Standard diagnostic procedures demonstrated that at least 811 deaths (13%) were due to anthrax and 115 deaths (2%) were caused ...
Segal H - - 1993
Freud's concept of the death instinct is often considered as a purely biological speculation, and very few psychoanalysts consider it useful in clinical work. Yet Freud was led to it by purely clinical problems. Klein used Freud's concept of the duality of instinct in her clinical work, but mainly she ...
Weeks J C - - 1993
The larval-pupal transformation of Manduca sexta is accompanied by the loss of the abdominal prolegs. The proleg muscles degenerate, the dendritic arbors of proleg motoneurons regress, and a subset of the proleg motoneurons dies. The regression and death of proleg motoneurons are triggered by the prepupal peak of ecdysteroids in ...
Plopper B L - - 1993
Rock and roll music, an important influential communication source, provides adolescents with messages about death in our society. The first 37 years of Top 40 rock songs (1955-1991) were examined, and songs that included a past death or an impending death were identified. The popularity of the songs, cause of ...
Harvey-Sutton P L - - 1992
Work-related electrical fatalities were studied as part of a larger investigation into all work-related fatalities in Australia in the period 1982-1984. The 95 electrical fatalities (all men) represented an incidence of 0.49 per 100,000 persons (0.79/100,000 men) in the employed civilian labor force during the study period. Electricity was the ...
Shlim D R - - 1992
A review of trekking deaths from 1984 to mid-1987 showed a death rate of 15/100,000 trekkers. Altitude sickness deaths accounted for 3/23 (13%) of these deaths. Recently, we followed up on our original study by compiling the number and causes of trekking deaths in Nepal from mid-1987 through 1991. The ...
Lavigne-Pley C - - 1992
An exploratory study of 25 institutionalized elderly people who witnessed the death of a co-resident is reported. Two topics are examined: thoughts and feelings of the survivors about their own death and the climate surrounding the death of a peer. Data obtained through a semistructured interview reveal that learning of ...
Kojima T - - 1992
A severed head which had been wrapped in seven plastic bags and set in concrete in an airtight insulated plastic box was found approximately 22 months after the occurrence of death. Ammonium magnesium phosphate had formed and on the basis of this and other observed postmortem changes, time elapsed after ...
Chao T C - - 1992
When a body is recovered from a fire site, it is essential to determine if death occurred before or after the fire started. Foul play is suspected when there is an alternative cause of death not due to the fire. In cases of mass disaster due to fire, the forensic ...
Barraclough B M - - 1992
Death by suicide is described in the Holy Bible. The number of characters affected ranges from 3 to 11, depending on the inclusion of the Apocrypha, the definition of suicide adopted and the version of the death accepted when there is more than one account. The Bible treats suicide in ...
Batten P J - - 1992
I document 25 consecutive years (1963-1987) of unnatural deaths within the State of Oregon's mental and correctional institutions in Marion County. This study includes 93 unnatural deaths in the Oregon State Hospital, 18 in the Forensic Psychiatric Program, 52 in the Fairview Training Center, and 45 in the Corrections Department ...
Simmons G T - - 1992
The unusual accidental asphyxial death of a 26-month-old girl involving a car power window is reported. The circumstances and investigation results are discussed, as well as how such tragedies may be avoided.
Mehata K M - - 1992
An immigration-birth-death-emigration process is studied when the immigration, birth, death, and emigration parameters depend on two parity classes of individuals, namely, zero and nonzero parity. The expected number of individuals in the population at time t and that of emigrants in (0,t) of both parity classes are obtained using the ...
Brain C - - 1992
Chacma baboons (Papio ursinus) living in an arid environment in Namibia were heavily infested with ticks of the genus Rhipicephalus. A survey to assess tick numbers and identity was undertaken in the baboons' habitat. It appears that there is a strong correlation between the number of ticks and the amount ...
Cohen B L - - 1992
A nationwide study by random-digit-dialing telephone interviews was used to estimate f, the average percentage of people's lifetimes, f, spent within 25 miles of their residence at time of death. The result is f approximately 70%, much larger than expected from census data on migration. Except for deaths in Florida, ...
Pereira C - - 1992
Grand multiparous parturients with unexplained late fetal death (n = 70) and with surviving newborns (n = 755) were analyzed and compared regarding blood group in general and presence of D and Du antigens in particular. In the stillbirth group, none of the parturients had any signs of disease (syphilis, ...
Macias D - - 1992
In the chick embryo the interdigital tissue in the stages previous to cell death exhibits in vitro a high chondrogenic potential, and forms extra digits when subjected in vivo to local ectodermal removal. In the present work we have analyzed the chondrogenic potential both in vivo and in vitro of ...
Sen B - - 1992
The TRISS methodology was applied to identify unexpected trauma deaths during a one-year period. Out of a total of 104 deaths, 50 were hospital deaths (M = 0.6837). Twelve (27%) of these deaths were judged to be unexpected, ie, had a probability of survival (Ps) > or = 0.50 (Z ...
Straton K J - - 1992
Methods in current practice for ascertaining time of death are largely based on the cooling of the body after death and are somewhat unreliable. A theoretical relationship is known to exist between the decline in the properties defining nerve conduction and time after death caused by the gradual cessation of ...
Henry J A - - 1991
The large number of antidepressants available provides a wide range of choice. While clinical effectiveness is the most important consideration, toxicity in overdose must be considered in the risk-benefit assessment of each antidepressant. There are almost 300 deaths each year in Britain from tricyclic overdose, and very few deaths from ...
Newlands M - - 1991
In depth confidential inquiries on all post-perinatal infant deaths were carried out for two years in North and Southern Derbyshire District Health Authorities in order to explore why the postperinatal death rates and cot death rates have been consistently higher in Southern than in North Derbyshire. It was found that ...
Olick R S - - 1991
"Whole brain death" (neurological death) is well-established as a legal standard of death across the country. Recently, New Jersey became the first state to enact a statute recognizing a personal religious exemption (a conscience clause) protecting the rights of those who object to neurological death. The Act also mandates adoption ...
Murphy G K - - 1991
Determination of time of death (postmortem interval) is one of the most difficult problems confronting forensic pathologists. One noteworthy such case is that of Steven Truscott, a 14-year-old Canadian youth who was convicted of the June 1959 rape-murder of 12-year-old Lynne Harper in rural southwestern Ontario. The two had been ...
Garrison R N - - 1991
From a retrospective review of 32,562 deaths that occurred in 1988 in the service area of Kentucky Organ Donor Affiliates, an area with a population of 3.4 million, 173 potential solid organ donors were identified for a rate of 50.8 donors per million population base. There were only 38 actual ...
Greenberg B - - 1991
Synanthropic flies, particularly calliphorids, are initiators of carrion decomposition and, as such, are the primary and most accurate forensic indicators of time of death. The relevant biology and forensic applications of the egg, larva, pupa, and young adult are discussed for various species, with emphasis on thermal history and age ...
Firth-Cozens J - - 1991
This paper describes a longitudinal study of fear of death following up fourth-year medical students in their junior house officer year. It confirms previous findings that the fear of death is and remains multidimensional, with fear of being dead having the lowest score on both occasions and fear of someone ...
Kubalak G - - 1991
To characterize trauma patients who die unexpectedly on the ward (unexpected ward deaths = UWDs), 1,011 trauma-related deaths occurring at a level I trauma center over a 10-year period were reviewed for location of death. Seventy-four deaths occurred on the non-ICU trauma ward (i.e., nonmonitored med-surg floor). Fifty patients were ...
Schumaker J F - - 1991
This study compared death anxiety ratings as measured by the Templer Death Anxiety Scale (Templer, 1970) in 121 Japanese and 139 Australian subjects. Japanese subjects had significantly higher death anxiety scores than their Australian counterparts. Australian women scored significantly higher than Australian men, but no sex differences were found in ...
Barlow P - - 1991
The monthly audit of deaths in this regional neurosurgical unit notes decisions to limit treatment recorded in the case-sheet. In 1988 a treatment-limiting decision was noted in 67 of 131 deaths (51%). In 40% of these the decision was made soon after admission; in these patients the mean time to ...
Roberts H - - 1991
Deaths from rhesus (Rh) haemolytic disease dropped steeply after anti-D immunoglobin became available for prophylaxis in Britain in 1969. Nevertheless, Rh incompatibility remains a cause of perinatal mortality and some unregistered fetal deaths before 28 weeks gestation. Some of these deaths are attributed to a failure to administer anti-D immunoglobin ...
Attig T - - 1991
This article addresses issues arising within the evolving practice of the use of expert witnesses in wrongful death cases. It begins with a sketch of the currently extant variety of wrongful death statutes. Next, it characterizes the types of expert witness testimony that have been standardly recognized in such cases. ...
Bell M D - - 1991
We present an accidental autoerotic asphyxiation of a 24-year-old man. Further investigation revealed that 18 years earlier, his brother, then 13, had been found dead, hanging in the family bathroom. Although that death had been ruled a suicide, reevaluation of the death scene indicates that this was also an autoerotic ...
Robbins R A - - 1991
A total of 248 hospice volunteers completed the Personal Orientation Inventory, the Templer/McMordie Death Anxiety Scale, the Bugen Coping with Death Scale, and a Death Self-Efficacy Scale constructed for this research. Death anxiety significantly negatively correlated with four Personal Orientation Inventory scales, Coping with Death Scale positively correlated with seven ...
Brady K - - 1991
Chromosome abnormalities may be present in approximately 10% of cases of fetal death. Because of cell maceration and autolysis, the likelihood of successful karyotype analysis of fetal tissue varies inversely with the time between fetal death and delivery. In an attempt to reduce the influence of these postmortem changes, we ...
Cartwright A - - 1991
Based on reports from relatives and other associates about a random sample of adults who had recently died, the data suggest that three-fifths of the people who died were perceived as having some sort of religious faith that had been helpful to them in the time before they died. Acceptance ...
Templer D I - - 1990
A 17-item true-false Death Depression Scale with good internal consistency and face validity was constructed and found to have six factors--death despair, death loneliness, death dread, death sadness, death depression, and death finality. It correlated positively with death anxiety, general depression, and general anxiety. Feasibility of a Likert format was ...
Schonfeld D J - - 1990
The young child's immature understanding of the concepts related to death serves to heighten anxiety about death and interferes with successful adjustment to loss. This study was a randomized trial of the efficacy of a 3-week school-based educational program in the promotion of the concepts of death in 4- to ...
Vanezis P - - 1990
Deaths of women of reproductive age reported to H.M. Coroner were investigated to see whether or not there was a relationship with any particular phase or phases of the menstrual cycle. The phase of the cycle at death was determined by histological examination of endometrial tissue. 257 consecutive endometrial samples ...
Thorson J A - - 1990
The objective of this study was to simplify understandings of relationships between multidimensional elements of the fear of death and dying with a unidimensional construct of intrinsic religiosity. A total of 346 individuals who ranged in age from 18 to 88 completed a death anxiety scale and a measure of ...
Madea B - - 1990
The precision of death time estimation by vitreous potassium using two different formulas [1-3] is compared on an independent random sample of 100 cases. The very flat slope in Sturner's equation is the reason for a systematic overestimation of the time since death with much wider 95%-limits of confidence compared ...
Ott P - - 1990
During the period 1978-1986, annual sales of paracetamol in Denmark increased from 1 million defined daily doses (DDD) (3 g) to 47 million DDD, while the number of admissions and deaths from overdose increased from 26 to 202 and from 1 to 3-4, respectively. The corresponding figures for salicylates are ...
Mager M - - 1990
Scores on a humor scale containing both death-related and non-death-related items were compared among three groups of 10 college students who scored high, medium, or low on death anxiety. Ratings of humor differed significantly among the groups, but there was no significant interaction between death anxiety and ratings of death-related ...
Pallis Christopher - - 1990
No discussion of when an individual is dead is meaningful in the absence of a definition of death. If human death is defined as the irreversible loss of the capacity for consciousness combined with the irreversible loss of the capacity to breathe spontaneously (and hence to maintain a spontaneous heart ...
Lamb David - - 1990
In this commentary on the recommendations of the Danish Council of Ethics (DCE) concerning criteria for death it is argued that whilst the DCE is correct in stressing the cultural aspects of death, its adoption of cardiac-oriented criteria raises several problems. There are problems with its notion of a 'death ...
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