Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 774
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Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2003
Two samples of Kuwaiti (n = 460) and American (n = 273) male and female undergraduates responded to the Death Obsession Scale (DOS) in Arabic and English, respectively. Cronbach's alpha reliability statistics were .96 and .91, respectively, denoting high internal consistency. In the same vein, all the item-remainder correlations in ...
Seymour Alison - - 2003
AIMS: To determine the incidence of methadone as either the principal cause of death or as a contributing factor in drug related deaths in the Strathclyde Police region of Scotland and to assess the impact of supervised consumption of methadone on the number of deaths that occurred within each health ...
Ré Diane B - - 2003
Recent evidence has been provided for astrocyte degeneration in experimental models of neurodegenerative insults associated with glutamate transport alteration. To determine whether astrocyte death can directly result from altered glutamate transport, we here investigated the effects of L-trans-pyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate (PDC) on undifferentiated or differentiated cultured rat striatal astrocytes. PDC induced death ...
Bhana Babita D - - 2003
Custody-related deaths have become a major human rights issue in South Africa since the 1994 democratic elections and led to the formation of the Independent Complaints Directorate who, in April 2000, had recorded 2174 custody-related deaths since their inception. A 3-year retrospective descriptive study on all custody-related death cases at ...
Pinheiro João - - 2003
A choking death of a healthy fisherman, who put a type of live sole between his jaws to free up his hands so that he could collect more fish to put into his basket, is described. The fish squirmed into the larynx and upper trachea and the attempts to rescue ...
Schaechter Judy - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Unintentional firearm death is often considered a nearly negligible proportion of overall gun death. These rates are based on medical examiner (ME) and coroner death classifications, which affect derived epidemiologic data and subsequent prevention measures. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of pediatric unintentional gun ...
Grumann Mareile M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine how home hospice patients deal with their impending death and whether there is a need for greater involvement of mental health professionals in the care of patients dying at home. METHOD: In a pilot study, 12 female home hospice patients with advanced cancer and a median survival ...
Shanti Christina M - - 2003
Trauma deaths at our institution are evaluated by a multidisciplinary trauma committee. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preventable trauma deaths (PRDs) as determined by our review committee and correlate them with the Revised Trauma Score and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) probability of survival (PS). A total of ...
Norris R T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish the death rate and the causes of death in cattle exported by sea from Australia. PROCEDURE: Cattle deaths on voyages from Australia to all destinations between 1995 and 2000 were analysed retrospectively. On four voyages to the Middle East between December 1998 and April 2001, cattle that ...
Ochicha O - - 2003
Medicolegal death (MLD) is a relatively uncommon subject of study in Nigeria. This prospective review of 200 cases in Kano found the commonest cause to be road traffic accidents (48.5%) followed by homicides (34%) and natural deaths (5%). Gang violence among local youths with blunt and sharp weapons accounted for ...
Kumar D - - 2003
A case of true glottu foreign body (metallic blouse hook) Sandwiching the vocal-cord reported here in an 8-months-old infant who presented with abnormal cry. only. In the absence of classical history and clinical features, a laryngeal foreign body should be suspected in otherwise healthy child with abnormal cry The difficulties ...
Gershuny Beth S - - 2003
Relations among peritraumatic dissociation, PTSD severity, event-related fear (i.e. fear experienced during traumatic event) about death, and event-related fear about losing control were examined in the current study. Particular emphasis was placed on testing whether or not fears about death and losing control mediate the relation between peritraumatic dissociation and ...
Odent Michel - - 2003
The expression of fear of death during labour is common when the physiological processes are obviously efficient and when the perinatal period is considered, in retrospect, to have been a positive experience. We propose two kinds of interpretation: (1) One is not specifically human. A physiological fear is the expression ...
Ayala Carma - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We examined national trends in places where stroke deaths occurred. METHODS: National vital statistics data (1990-1998) for stroke death (ICD-9 codes 430-438) were analyzed for place of death by selected socio-demographic characteristics and stroke subtype. RESULTS: Half of all stroke deaths in 1998 occurred in-hospital, 46.1% occurred pre-transport, 0.6% ...
Mikulincer Mario - - 2003
Originally, terror management theory proposed two psychological mechanisms in dealing with the terror of death awareness-cultural worldview validation and self-esteem enhancement. In this article, we would like to promote the idea of close relationships as an additional death-anxiety buffering mechanism and review a growing body of empirical data that support ...
Farah Ibrahim O - - 2003
Influence of diacetyl on cellular leakage and/or death of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus; FRI-100) and Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) in the presence and absence of 30% sucrose and NZ-amine broth at 37, 45 and 55 degrees C was studied using Microbiological and Spectrophotmetric techniques. Diacetyl exists naturally in starter distillate ...
Smart Laura S - - 2003
Childbearing-related losses of 16 elderly Caucasians (13 women and 3 men, aged 69-90) were examined retrospectively in this qualitative study. Recollections of social support, grief at the time of loss, and current meaning attributed to the loss were the foci of the study. Most respondents recalled having felt grief at ...
Huy Tran Quang - - 2003
AIMS: Assessment was made of the validity of mortality estimates based on data collected during 1999-2000 by quarterly follow-up visits and compared with other methods (re-census, communal death registration, and neighbourhood survey). METHODS: This study was carried out within a longitudinal epidemiological laboratory in Bavi, District, Vietnam (called FilaBavi), covering ...
Lester David - - 2003
A revision of the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale is presented, eliminating a deviant item that reduced the reliability of the scale. Using a sample of 191 undergraduates, four 7-item subscales were derived with adequate reliabilities and factorial congruence for 2 of the subscales (Fear of Death of Self and ...
Soule Bradley B Shepherd College, Shepherdstown, WV, - - 2003
From 1903 to 1933, the Hiawatha Asylum for Insane Indians housed hundreds of inmates in Canton, SD. It closed in 1933 in a cloud of scandal and controversy. Death certificate data from deceased inmates were analyzed for diagnostic cause of death and for age. These findings were compared to a ...
Nascimento Luiz Fernando C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a fuzzy linguistic model for evaluating the risk of neonatal death. METHODS: The study is based on the fuzziness of the variables newborn birth weight and gestational age at delivery. The inference used was Mamdani's method. Neonatologists were interviewed to estimate the risk of neonatal death under ...
Pathak P R - - 2002
Importance of determination of time since death is very important for the investigating agencies, autopsy surgeons and legal authorities in criminal cases or when a foul play is suspected behind a death. There are many variabilities and probabilities in determination process but the following points are to be read and ...
Mervin Kyle - - 2002
We have examined the role of tissue oxygen in the regulation of photoreceptor death in the C57BL/6J mouse. Litters of C57BL/6J mice were raised in dim cyclic (12 hr dark, 12 hr 50 lx) light. Adults or litters aged P7 or P8 were placed with their mothers in plexiglass chambers ...
Langan Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of sudden unexpected epilepsy deaths occurring annually in England and Wales in those 16-50 years of age. METHODS: All 1997 death entries mentioning epilepsy as a cause of death in those 16-50 years were examined and classified as sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), other ...
Roff Lucinda Lee - - 2002
This study examined the applicability of the Multidimensional Fear of Death Scale (MFODS; J.W.Hoetler, 1979a) in Lithuania, a culture where death anxiety has not been studied previously. It also ascertained the relationship between death anxiety and a multidimensional measure of religiosity. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that MFODS structure fit the ...
Clancy Luke - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Particulate air pollution episodes have been associated with increased daily death. However, there is little direct evidence that diminished particulate air pollution concentrations would lead to reductions in death rates. We assessed the effect of air pollution controls--ie, the ban on coal sales--on particulate air pollution and death rates ...
Darwish A - - 2002
A cluster of infant deaths due to severe metabolic acidosis following immunization was reported in a prosperous farming village in Egypt. Fears that more deaths might occur, and of a deleterious effect on national immunization programs prompted an urgent investigation by national and international partners. The deaths, and other previously ...
Abdel-Khalek Ahmed M - - 2002
Previous research has disclosed different meanings of death, varieties of death anxiety, and hundreds of factors extracted from the uni- and multi-dimensional death anxiety scales. However, there have been no empirical studies to elucidate the reasons for death fear. The Reasons for Death Fear Scale (RDFS) was constructed and validated. ...
Sheen Christopher L - - 2002
AIMS: To investigate the death rate due to paracetamol poisoning in Scotland and what effect the reduction in over-the-counter paracetamol pack sizes in 1998 had on the death rate. METHODS: Records from 1994 to 2000 were examined to identify the number and annual incidence of paracetamol-related deaths. Numbers of deaths ...
Margerison Beverley J - - 2002
The aim of this contribution is to examine the effect of an indiscriminate epidemic on a population to assess whether or not a catastrophic event can be identified from examination of paleodemographic data. Using paleodemographic techniques, the death assemblage from the Royal Mint site, London, a Black Death cemetery dated ...
Wetli Charles V - - 2002
Revolvers with an open cylinder were found at three death scenes of apparently self-inflicted gunshot wounds. All three handguns were Smith & Wesson.38 or.357 revolvers. Investigation revealed that firing the gun with the thumb on the cylinder release latch could disengage the cylinder. A combination of gravity and recoil impact ...
Caplehorn John R M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the signs and symptoms and circumstances of fatal methadone toxicity and investigate the role of benzodiazepines in these deaths. METHODS: Data were extracted from 1994 New South Wales (NSW) coronial files and cause of death established independently. Cases were grouped according to the likely source of methadone. ...
Noyes Russell R - - 2002
Although fear of death has been linked to hypochondriasis, the relationship of this fear to the disorder has received little study. To address this deficiency, we administered a fear of death scale along with measures of hypochondriasis, including the Whiteley Index and Somatic Symptom Inventory, to 162 general medical outpatients. ...
Mimasaka Sohtaro - - 2002
We investigated the usefulness of cytokine measurement in the field of forensic medicine. In this study, the levels of Interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 in serum collected within 2 days after death were used to estimate the cause of death. In seventy-one victims, mean age 55.5 +/- 17.7 (S.D.) years, ...
Gill James R - - 2002
We reviewed all 50 body packer deaths in New York City from 1990 to 2001. The majority (37/50) of deaths were caused by acute intoxications due to open or leaking drug packets in the gastrointestinal tract. The number of packets recovered ranged from 1 to 111 (average 46). The weight ...
Mayo David J - - 2002
One of the most potent arguments against physician-assisted death hinges on the worry that people with disabilities will be subtly coerced to accept death prematurely. The argument is flawed. There is nothing new in PAD: the risk of coercion is already present in current policies about end of life care. ...
Gutiérrez-Ospina Gabriel - - 2002
Developmental neuronal death ensues after access of innervating neurons to target-derived neurotrophic factors is restricted. Recent evidence suggests, however, that growth factors such as those of the insulin family modulate neuronal death through autocrine/paracrine mechanisms. In rats, retinal ganglion neurons (RGNs) undergo massive death during early postnatal life. During this ...
James H - - 2002
Australia has a unique collection of native fauna, which is often threatened by physical harm or the destruction of its habitat and conservation of endangered species is a primary concern. Investigation of the recent deaths of Bettongs in Lincoln National Park, South Australia was undertaken by the Forensic Odontology Unit, ...
Kelly Anne-Maree - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the most effective cut-off of TRISS-derived probability of survival (TRISS-PS) for the selection of trauma deaths for audit, using a large sample of trauma deaths from the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: TRISS-PS and avoidability of death (as judged by an independent peer review panel) were compared for ...
Schuiling G A - - 2002
Euthanasia is, and probably will remain a controversial issue. Although many doctors will agree that under certain circumstances a demand for euthanasia should be granted (and in fact often is granted when the occasion arises), the subject generally gives rise to very emotional debates. Attempts to decriminalize euthanasia generally fail, ...
Johnson Lawrence - - 2002
I discuss the Principle of Double Effect (PDE) as a means of exploring aspects of the motivation of active voluntary euthanasia (a.v.e). It is argued that the objective of a.v.e. is not death but the relief of suffering. Nor is death the means, it is a concomitant. I entertain no ...
Edwards Erick B - - 2002
The OPTN implemented a revised system (MELD/ PELD) for the allocation of cadaveric livers on February 27, 2002. When compared with an earlier era, preliminary results indicate that transplant rates remain similar by gender, ethnicity, age group (adult and pediatric) and for most principal diagnoses. Both the actual number of ...
Patil Rajan R - - 2002
Andhra Pradesh, a southern state of India has been in the news for cotton farmers' deaths/suicides since 1998. The occurrence of 12 deaths among the farmers in the years 2001-2002 clustering around September-October expedited the investigation. The objective of our investigation was to identify the circumstances leading to death of ...
DuBois James M - - 2002
This article offers a philosophical foundation for the Uniform Determination of Death Act as it first examines death per se, and then examines brain death and the non-heart beating donor criteria for determining death. The author suggests that many of the debates over death can be bypassed by changing the ...
Stoupel E - - 2002
Thirty percent of cardiovascular deaths cannot be explained by known risk factors. In this study, we sought links between 1) circannual rhythmicity, solar activity (SA) - sunspot number, solar radioflux and geomagnetic activity (GMA) - Ap., Cp., Am. with monthly number of deaths looking for environmental influence on mortality at ...
Wehner F - - 2001
To improve the possibilities of delimitating the time of death after longer laytime it was examined if this is possible by immunohistochemical detection of calcitonin. The results show that in our examination material the c-cells of the thyroid glands of up to 4-day-old corpses produce a positive immunoreaction towards calcitonin ...
Shah R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The prescription of antidepressants has increased substantially over the last 10 years. It is therefore timely to examine trends in mortality associated with overdoses of antidepressants and to compare the relative mortality associated with different antidepressants. METHODS: Data were derived from a newly developed national database of deaths from ...
Porritt E - - 2001
My recent study investigated the phenomenon of readiness for death by analysing texts resulting from interviews with ten participants confronting their own death. The methodology was grounded in phenomenological philosophy. This paper focuses on the interpretations of the experiences of one participant, Charlie. Individual themes are discussed in the context ...
Fineschi V - - 2001
Recent studies suggest that many fatal heroin overdoses are caused by anaphylactoid reaction. In the present study we measured tryptase and eosinophil cationic protein in post-mortem blood of 48 deaths after heroin injection. We also investigated the presence and pulmonary distribution of mast-cells using specific immunohistochemical antibody for tryptase and ...
Hallstrom A P - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: It is generally considered that death is the only appropriate endpoint to evaluate interventions for preventing death; however, this belief may be based on the previous use of inappropriate or inadequate surrogates for death. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether rehospitalization following implementation of an intervention ...
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