Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1184
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Guyot Sylvain - - 2003
Five French cider apple varieties were compared on the basis of their detailed polyphenol profile in the cortex and in the juices. Among the factors studied, variety was the most important variability factor in fruits, whereas polyphenol profiles showed an overall stability from one year to another, and a limited ...
Amin Sanjiv B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dexamethasone therapy on serum vitamin E concentrations in premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 10, 24 to 29 weeks' gestational age, infants enrolled in a prospective study designed to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone on lipid intolerance were eligible for ...
Pehlivan Ismail - - 2003
The objective of this study was to evaluate the common effects of maternal vitamin D deficiency, various doses of vitamin D given to newborns and the effects of these on vitamin D status in early childhood. Seventy-eight pregnant women and 65 infants who were followed up in various health centers ...
Cesur Yaşar - - 2003
In this study, we compared three different therapy modes (150,000 IU, 300,000 IU, and 600,000 IU vitamin D p.o.) in infants with nutritional vitamin D deficiency rickets (VDR). Our purpose was to determine the most effective dosage of vitamin D with least side effects for treating VDR. The study included ...
van Rooij Iris A L M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the involvement of maternal and infant B vitamins and homocysteine as risk factors for orofacial clefting. STUDY DESIGN: Venous blood samples were taken from 96 infants with nonsyndromic orofacial clefts and 88 infants without a congenital malformation and from their mothers at approximately ...
Gruner Barbara A - - 2003
Anemia and hepatosplenomegaly are common reasons for referring a child to a pediatric hematologist or oncologist. Among the many causes for these findings is severe rickets, which has been shown to be associated with secondary myelofibrosis and myeloid metaplasia. The authors present the case of an infant with severe rickets ...
Abutarbush Sameeh M - - 2003
A 13-hour-old Aberdeen-Angus was involuntarily recumbent since birth. Congenital nutritional muscular dystrophy was suspected based on clinical findings, increased serum creatine kinase, and decreased serum vitamin E and selenium levels. Recovery followed after supportive therapy and parenteral vitamin E and selenium. Reports of this disease in newborn calves are unusual.
McGready Rose - - 2003
Thirty-eight babies born to Karen mothers living in camps for displaced persons in north-western Thailand have delayed visual maturation (DVM type 1) that recovers within 6 months. Vitamin A concentrations were deficient in 16% of breast-milk samples from lactating mothers and vitamin B(1) concentrations were deficient in 60% of plasma ...
Koo Winston W W K - - 2003
Osteopenia, rickets, and fractures from nutrient deficiencies can occur during infancy, particularly in preterm infants. Bone mass accretion during the first year of life is equal to or greater than that achieved at any other stage of life, including adolescence. Optimizing calcium and bone status during infancy can have immediate ...
Dallaire Frédéric - - 2003
Inuit women from Northern Québec have been shown to consume inadequate quantities of vitamin A. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of blood vitamin A deficiency in newborns from 3 distinct populations of the province of Québec. 594 newborns were included in this study (375 Inuit newborns from ...
Rahmathullah Lakshmi - - 2003
To assess the impact of supplementing newborn infants with vitamin A on mortality at age 6 months. Community based, randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Two rural districts of Tamil Nadu, southern India. 11 619 newborn infants allocated 24 000 IU oral vitamin A or placebo on days 1 and ...
Carruthers Jean - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Over the past 15 years, BTX-A has become the standard treatment for dynamic glabellar furrowing. Some individuals have resting glabellar rhytides that are sufficiently deep that they respond poorly to BTX-A alone. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of BTX-A combined with intradermal nonanimal stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) with the ...
Amiard Véronique - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the putative role of the sucrosyl-galactosides, loliose [alpha-D-Gal (1,3) alpha-D-Glc (1,2) beta-D-Fru] and raffinose [alpha-D-Gal (1,6) alpha-D-Glc (1,2) beta-D-Fru], in drought tolerance of perennial ryegrass and to compare it with that of fructans. To that end, the loliose biosynthetic pathway was first ...
Basu S - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In developing countries low maternal vitamin A stores combined with increased demands of pregnancy and lactation may lead to its deficiency in breastfed infants. This study evaluates the effects of maternal supplementation with a high dose of vitamin A on the serum retinol levels of exclusively breastfed ...
Hansen K N - - 2003
AIM: To evaluate oral vitamin K prophylaxis at birth by giving 2 mg phytomenadione, followed by weekly oral vitamin K prophylaxis; 1 mg was administered by the parents until 3 mo of age. METHODS: A total of 507850 live babies were born in Denmark during the study period, November 1992 ...
Váradyová Zora - - 2003
The objective of the present experiment was to determine the effects of addition of silicate minerals, zeolite (Z), bentonite (B), kaolin (K), granite (G) on the rumen fermentation parameters, total gas, methane, total and individual volatile fatty acids (VFA) and hydrogen recovery in rumen fluid inoculum from sheep. Different materials ...
- - 2003
Prevention of early vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) of the newborn, with onset at birth to 2 weeks of age (formerly known as classic hemorrhagic disease of the newborn), by oral or parenteral administration of vitamin K is accepted practice. In contrast, late VKDB, with onset from 2 to 12 ...
Isenberg Sherwin J - - 2003
PURPOSE: To measure the thickness of the precorneal lipid layer and the stability of the precorneal tear film in neonates and infants in the first 6 postnatal months. DESIGN: Prospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety-eight neonates and infants in the newborn nursery. METHODS: The Keeler Tearscope Plus (Keeler ...
Weinstein John E - - 2003
The tolerance of the estuarine oligochaete Monopylephorus rubroniveus to fluoranthene was characterized both in the presence and absence of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Using waterborne exposures, the 72-h median lethal concentration (LC(50)) and median lethal dose (LD(50)) were 0.7 (95% CI, 0.4-0.8) microg/L and 8.0 (5.6-9.6) microg/g worm dry weight, respectively, ...
Pathak A - - 2003
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of vitamin E supplementation on haemoglobin concentration and the requirement for transfusion in premature infants treated with erythropoietin and iron. METHODS: Randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Thirty infants </=32 weeks gestation and </=1250 g birth weight, who were defined as stable based on minimal ...
Simons F Estelle R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: H(1)-antihistamines are widely used for symptom relief in allergic disorders in infants and children; however, there are few prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled studies of these medications in young children, and to date, no such studies have been conducted in infants. OBJECTIVE: This prospective, randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was ...
Abelquist Eric W - - 2003
The MultiAgency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM), published in December 1997, has been used for designing final status surveys at a number of D&D sites to date. One of the more challenging aspects of the MARSSIM survey design is the strategy employed when multiple radionuclides are present, particularly ...
Prinsen Berthil H C M T - - 2003
Subjects with high plasma cholesterol levels exhibit a high production of VLDL apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100), suggesting that cholesterol is a mediator for VLDL production. The objective of the study was to examine whether endogenous cholesterol synthesis, reflected by the lathosterol-cholesterol ratio (L-C ratio), affects the secretory rates of different VLDL ...
Olgun Haşim - - 2003
Vitamin D deficiency rickets was detected as the cause in a nine-month-old girl with dilated cardiomyopathy and signs of congestive heart failure. The patient responded to calcium and vitamin D supplementation promptly and left ventricular systolic functions normalized at the 3rd month of treatment. Nutritional rickets must be remembered in ...
Gartner Lawrence M - - 2003
Rickets in infants attributable to inadequate vitamin D intake and decreased exposure to sunlight continues to be reported in the United States. It is recommended that all infants, including those who are exclusively breastfed, have a minimum intake of 200 IU of vitamin D per day beginning during the first ...
Greer John J - - 2003
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a major life-threatening cause of respiratory failure in the newborn. Although significant efforts have been undertaken to unravel the pathophysiology of CDH, our current understanding of the etiology remains spare. Here we outline recent evidence suggesting that abnormalities linked with the retinoid signaling pathway early ...
Volcik Kelly A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that homozygosity for the C677T 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) variant is a potential risk factor for neural tube defects (NTDs), as individuals homozygous for the C677T allele have slightly elevated homocysteine concentrations under conditions of low folic acid intake. It has been hypothesized that maternal folic ...
D'Souza I E - - 2003
The clinical features of 14 infants diagnosed with late hemorrhagic disease of newborn (LHDN), of which 10 did not receive vitamin K prophylaxis, are presented. All infants were exclusively breast-fed and 12 did not have any underlying illness to explain the abnormal coagulation profile. The common presenting symptoms were seizures ...
Pereira S P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of oral versus intravenous mixed micellar vitamin K prophylaxis in infants with cholestatic liver disease, a known risk factor for vitamin K deficiency bleeding. DESIGN: Prospective randomised controlled study. SETTING: Paediatric Liver Unit. PATIENTS: Forty four infants less than 6 months of age ...
Nguyen Thuy N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) in a premature infant and the doses of danaparoid and lepirudin needed to achieve appropriate therapeutic endpoints. CASE SUMMARY: A 30-week gestational age infant was diagnosed with HIT with heparin antibodies. Danaparoid 2.0-2.4 units/kg/h achieved anti-Xa levels of 0.2-0.4 U/mL, but ...
Dawodu Adekunle - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in exclusively breast-feeding infants and their mothers in a community where maternal sunshine exposure is low. STUDY DESIGN: Serum levels of calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD), and intact parathyroid hormone were measured in 90 unsupplemented healthy term breast-feeding Arab/South ...
Jubinsky Paul T - - 2003
Hypercalcemia is not known to be a common occurrence in patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). This manuscript describes an infant with multisystem LCH who developed an elevated serum calcium level while on therapy. Unlike other cases of hypercalcemia, this patient did not have evidence of bone involvement. Based on ...
Depasse F - - 2003
Pharmacokinetic profiles of bemiparin (3500 IU, anti-Xa) and tinzaparin (4500 IU, anti-Xa) administered subcutaneously to 12 healthy male volunteers were compared in a monocentric study. Each of the 12 subjects underwent successively the two low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) preparations in a randomised order and was considered as its own control. Anti-Xa ...
Alm B - - 2003
AIM: To assess the effect of vitamin supplementation on the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: The analyses are based on data from the Nordic Epidemiological SIDS Study, a case-control study in which parents of SIDS victims in the Scandinavian countries were invited to participate together with parents ...
Ross Jay S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To provide information on the potential contribution to vitamin A nutrition in infants of strategies for improving maternal vitamin A status and increasing the consumption of breast milk. METHODS: The contribution of breastfeeding to the vitamin A nutrition of children in eight age groups between 0 and 24 months ...
Swinfen P - - 2003
The Swinfen Charitable Trust has used email for some years as a low-cost telemedicine medium to provide consultant support for doctors in developing countries. A scalable, automatic message-routing system was constructed which automates many of the tasks involved in message handling. During the first 12 months of its use, 1510 ...
Brion L P - - 2003
Treating very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with pharmacologic doses of vitamin E as an antioxidant agent has been proposed for preventing or limiting retinopathy of prematurity, intracranial hemorrhage, hemolytic anemia, and chronic lung disease. However, excessive doses of vitamin E may result in side effects. The aim of this ...
Brion L P - - 2003
Treating very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with pharmacologic doses of vitamin E as an antioxidant agent has been proposed for preventing or limiting retinopathy of prematurity, intracranial hemorrhage, hemolytic anemia, and chronic lung disease. However, excessive doses of vitamin E may result in side effects. The aim of this ...
Fukushima Shinji - - 2002
A recently developed method to quantitate prothrombin in plasma uses the carinactivase-1 (CA-1) method. The present study was designed to establish the reference value by the CA-1 method in the neonatal period and to explore the effect of gestational age, birth weight, concurrent diseases, and vitamin K administration on the ...
Ronnenberg Alayne G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The associations between homocysteine, B vitamin status, and pregnancy outcomes have not been examined prospectively. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the associations of preconception homocysteine and B vitamin status with preterm birth and birth of low-birth-weight (LBW) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants in Chinese women. DESIGN: This was a case-control study of ...
Fett James D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence and prevalence of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) have been documented in the Hospital Albert Schweitzer (HAS) District of Haiti. Although the basis for this increased incidence of PPCM remains unclear, there is growing evidence for an underlying autoimmune process. One potential risk factor for increased autoreactivity is a ...
Nishiguchi Tomizo - - 2002
The present study is aimed at evaluating the efficacy of maternal vitamin K2 supplementation on the vitamin K status of newborn infants using the measurement of des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin (PIVKA-II [protein induced by vitamin K absence]) and the hepaplastin test (HPT). PIVKA-II and HPT were measured at the 1st month of age ...
Hirotani Masao - - 2002
Two blazeispirane derivatives including blazeispirols G and I were isolated from the cultured mycelia of the fungus Agaricus blazei Murill and were established to be (20S, 22S, 23R, 24S)-14 beta,22: 22,25-diepoxy-5-methoxy-des-A-ergosta-5,7,9-triene-11 alpha,23-diol and (20S, 22S, 23R, 24S)-14 beta,22:22,25-diepoxy-5-methoxy-des-A-ergosta-5,7,9,11-tetraene-23,28-diol by comparison of extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectral data with that ...
Bahl Rajiv - - 2002
Vitamin A supplementation of lactating mothers and of infants at the time of diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT) and oral polio vaccine (OPV) immunizations have both been suggested as measures to prevent deficiency among infants. This multicenter randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in Ghana, India and Peru to determine the effect of ...
Leslie W D - - 2002
In accordance with the recommendations of the International Radiological Protection Commission, the current maximum acceptable radiation dose limits for members of the public have been reduced to 1 mSv in the United States, Canada, and European Union countries including the United Kingdom. This has had a significant impact on radiation ...
Shiraishi Tomoko - - 2002
CYP2D6 is a polymorphic enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of various drugs. At least 40-mutant alleles of CYP2D6 have been reported. CYP2D6*14, which is one of them found in Asian populations, causes deficient activity of CYP2D6. Four amino acid substitutions, P34S, G169R, R296C, and S486T, are present in the protein ...
Shaw Gary M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which folic acid may contribute to reductions in risk of several congenital anomalies are unknown. The data gap includes a lack of information on possible effect modification between maternal folic acid use and other maternal exposures. We hypothesized that effects of congenital anomalies associated with maternal ...
Feungpean Belen - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are at risk of vitamin A deficiency due to inadequate transplacental transport, inadequate storage and increased tissue utilization. Previous studies reported a significant decrease in serum vitamin A levels in premature infants at birth compared to those of full term infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine serial changes of ...
Badhwar G D - - 2002
Radiation measurements made onboard the MIR Orbital Station have spanned nearly a decade and covered two solar cycles, including one of the largest solar particle events, one of the largest magnetic storms, and a mean solar radio flux level reaching 250 x 10(4) Jansky that has been observed in the ...
Ooylan L Mallory - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine if vitamin B-6 intakes of mothers influence the B-6 vitamer content of transition milk and if correlations exist between the vitamin B-6 content of the milk and the infants' neurobehavioral functioning. DESIGN: Transition milk samples were collected from mothers 8 to 11 days after delivery for B-6 ...
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