Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1185
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Muthayya S - - 2006
Earlier studies have shown a relationship between maternal vitamin B12 status and birth weight. This study extends those findings directly in terms of neonatal vitamin B12 status and birth weight. One hundred and twelve women were followed from the first trimester of pregnancy and maternal blood was obtained in all ...
Putzu Maria Grazia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An excess of mortality for malignant neoplasms of the pleura in Biancavilla, promoted an investigation for pleural mesothelioma, disclosing 17 cases. As the absence of known sources of asbestos exposure, a local stone quarry, located near the inhabited area, used for the extraction of building materials, was investigated. Amphibolic ...
Beecher Nicola N Structural Biophysics Group, Cardiff School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United - - 2006
Between days 8 and 14 of neonatal development, the corneal stroma of the mouse undergoes critical changes in tissue thickness, cell density, and light scattering. The authors investigate the stromal matrix structure in wild-type and lumican-deficient corneas in this developmental phase. Wild-type (n = 44) and lumican-deficient (n = 42) ...
Song Zhihui - - 2007
This paper reports the toxic effects of pentachlorophenol (PCP) on duckweed, Lemna polyrhiza. The 8-day IC(50) of PCP to L. polyrhiza was 8.08 mg/L. At 0.2 and 0.5 mg/L, PCP inhibited L. polyrhiza chloroplast activity. At low PCP exposures, chloroplast activity was more sensitive than chlorophyll content of L. polyrhiza. ...
Bines J E - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin A and E deficiency is common in cystic fibrosis (CF). These vitamins have immunomodulating properties and we determined whether decreased serum vitamin A and E levels in young infants are associated with early CF lung disease and lower airway inflammation. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis was undertaken on previous ...
Molla Abdul Majid - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There has been a resurgence of nutritional rickets in children in many developing countries and some of the developed countries. Children between 6 and 18 months old are commonly affected. In order to find out the association between vitamin D and rickets we studied the vitamin D status of ...
Casella Erasmo Barbante - - 2005
Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause serious developmental regression, hypotonia and cerebral atrophy in infants. We report a 6-month-old infant, with insidious developmental regression and brain atrophy showed by CT scan, secondarily to vitamin B12 deficiency. His mother was a strict vegetarian and the patient was exclusively breastfed. The clinical symptoms ...
Clarke Paul - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the vitamin K status of preterm infants who have a prolonged prothrombin time (PT) in the first month of life. METHODS: Measures of vitamin K status were assessed in 21 preterm infants who were found to have an abnormal PT, despite 0.2-0.5 mg vitamin K(1) prophylaxis at ...
Lee Yuan-Shun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Free radical damage has been recognized to be a common pathogenic mechanism of many neonatal diseases associated with oxygen toxicity. METHODS: A set of antioxidant measurements were used to investigate differences in levels between full term and premature infants after birth. Four groups of full term and preterm infants ...
Dancheck Barbara - - 2005
This prospective study was carried out during February 2000-April 2003 to characterize the relationship between the status of carotenoids, vitamin E, and retinol and anthropometric status in apparently healthy infants and their mothers in Blantyre, Malawi. Anthropometric status of infants and concentrations of carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, and ...
Newton Sam - - 2005
It has been suggested that administering vitamin A with the measles vaccine may reduce the vaccine's immunogenicity. This trial examined the effect of supplementing vitamin A during the early months of life on infants' immune responses to tetanus and polio vaccines. Young infants (n = 1085) were enrolled and individually ...
Gitau R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects on maternal micronutrient status and infant growth of the increased maize prices that resulted from the southern African drought of 2001-2002. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: A maternal and child health clinic in Lusaka, Zambia. SUBJECTS: Maternal and infant health and nutrition data and maternal ...
Tandoi Francesco - - 2005
Oral or parenteral administration of vitamin K is the accepted practice for prevention of early vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in the newborn. However, vitamin K prophylaxis in the newborn continues to be a worldwide health concern, particularly in breastfed infants. This paper reviews the current status of the use ...
Hatun Sükrü - - 2005
Vitamin D intoxication remains a challenging problem due to lack of an efficient treatment. Bisphosphonates, inhibitors of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, however, have been proposed as a safe and effective alternative in the treatment of vitamin D intoxication. We present here two infants with vitamin D intoxication who were successfully treated ...
Alouf Benjamin - - 2005
In an effort to prevent rickets and vitamin-D deficiency in healthy infants, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a supplement of 200 IU per day of vitamin D to all breastfed and nonbreastfed infants unless they consume at least 500 ml per day of vitamin-D-fortified formula or milk. Case reports ...
Okada T - - 2005
Biliary atresia (BA) is occasionally diagnosed in infants whose first symptom is a bleeding disorder, such as intracranial bleeding, nasal bleeding or gastrointestinal bleeding. The authors describe 3 cases in which a bleeding disorder was the first symptom of BA. The presenting symptom was intracranial bleeding in a male on ...
Baylin A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether supplementation with vitamin A and/or vitamins B, C, and E to HIV-infected women during pregnancy and lactation is related to increased concentrations of vitamins A, B12, and E in their infants during the first 6 months of life. DESIGN: We carried out a randomized clinical trial ...
Sakurai Takayuki - - 2005
To determine the concentrations of fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in the maternal milk of Japanese women, we collected human milk samples from more than 4,000 mothers living throughout Japan between December 1998 and September 1999, and defined as group A the 691 samples among these that met the following conditions: ...
Hasano─člu Alev - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Increased oxygen-derived free radical activity has been reported during total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in infants particularly linked to the fat infusion. It is possible that partial enteral feeding can ameliorate some of the complications of TPN. By this study we aimed to investigate free radical formation and antioxidant activity ...
Castañeyra-Martín M - - 2005
Subcommissural organ (SCO) secretory activity of the goat (variations of Capra hircus, that live in arid conditions) was examined during the postnatal development, using specific antibodies against the Reissner's fibre (AFRU) and angiotensin II (AAGII). The SCO was strongly stained with the anti-glycoproteins that form the Reissner's fibre and lightly ...
Rosema N A M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of an oscillating/pulsating power toothbrush (Oral-B ProfessionalCare 7000; PC 7000) and a high-frequency power toothbrush (Philips Sonicare Elite; SE) on the reversal of experimental gingivitis. METHODS: The study had a randomised, examiner-blind, split-mouth design. After dental prophylaxis, subjects refrained ...
Faber Mieke - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the nutrient composition of complementary foods consumed by 6-12-month-old South African infants. DESIGN: Nutrient intake was determined for infants who were recruited to participate in a randomised controlled trial using a single 24-hour dietary recall. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Infants aged 6-12 months (n=475) residing in The Valley of a ...
Henderson Amanda - - 2005
For infants and children, vitamin D deficiency causes a bone-deforming disease known as rickets. As breastfeeding rates have increased, so have the incidences of rickets. The current recommendation from the American Academy of Pediatrics, to supplement all breastfed infants with vitamin D, is controversial. The role of the nurse is ...
Wabnitz David A M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting reports regarding the effect of intranasal saline sprays on the various components of the mucociliary clearance system. This study evaluates the effect of normal saline and hypertonic saline on the ciliary beat frequency (CBF). METHODS: Eight healthy volunteers were randomized to receive 0.9% saline spray to ...
Galinier Anne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Reference values of numerous micronutrients at different gestational ages (GA) have not been yet reported based on large series. AIMS: This study aimed to establish the reference range for zinc, copper, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin E, retinol binding protein, transthyretin, albumin, transferrin and ceruloplasmin in neonates and to give ...
Abedin Naheed - - 2005
The present study investigates the expression of apoptotic proteins Bax, Bad, Bcl-2, and Bcl-xl following hypoxia in the cerebral cortex of the guinea pig fetus as a function of gestational age. Normoxic (Nx, n = 6) and hypoxic (Hx, n = 6) guinea pig fetuses at 35 and 60 days ...
Rajakumar Kumaravel - - 2005
Recent case reports highlight the resurgence of rickets in certain groups of breastfed infants. Infants residing in the North, irrespective of skin color, and dark-skinned African American infants residing anywhere in the United States are most vulnerable to nutritional rickets if they are exclusively breastfed past age 6 months without ...
Saunders Cláudia - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Gestational night blindness (XN) is associated with increased risk of reproductive morbidity and mortality. This study investigated the prevalence of gestational XN among postpartum women treated in a public maternity hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and evaluated its association with maternal and neonatal (cord blood) ...
Dammaschke Till - - 2005
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of Carisolv with that of two other alkaline substances: NaOCl and Ca(OH)2. Sixty extracted teeth were randomly divided into three groups and split down the center of a carious lesion. In group I, one half of the cavity was excavated ...
Jacobi Johannes - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine whether overexpression of the enzyme dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) could enhance angiogenesis by reducing levels of the endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). METHODS AND RESULTS: In DDAH1 transgenic (TG) and wild-type mice (each n=42), the role of DDAH overexpression on ...
Weiler Hope - - 2005
Vitamin D is required for normal bone growth and mineralization. We sought to determine whether vitamin D deficiency at birth is associated with bone mineral content (BMC) of Canadian infants. We measured plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] as an indicator of vitamin D status in 50 healthy mothers and their newborn ...
Darlow B A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether regulating vitamin C (ascorbic acid: AA) intake to achieve higher or lower plasma concentrations was associated with improved clinical outcome. DESIGN: A double blind, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care unit at Christchurch Women's Hospital. PATIENTS: Infants with birth weight <1500 g or gestation <32 ...
Mactier H - - 2005
Vitamin A is essential for optimal growth and development. In the developing world, vitamin A supplementation of the newborn infant reduces mortality. In the developed world, extremely preterm infants are born with low body stores of vitamin A and are at high risk of vitamin A deficiency. Optimal vitamin A ...
Ambalavanan Namasivayam - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network randomized trial showed that vitamin A supplementation reduced bronchopulmonary dysplasia (O2 at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age) or death in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates (relative risk [RR]: 0.89). As with postnatal steroids or other interventions, it ...
Hatun Sukru - - 2005
We analyzed the characteristics of young infants diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency in early infancy at 2 medical centers in Turkey. In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, the clinical, biochemical, and radiographic findings of infants who were diagnosed with vitamin D deficiency at <3 mo of age between May 2001 and ...
Malaba Lucie C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Young infants are at risk of vitamin A deficiency. Supplementation of breastfeeding mothers improves the vitamin A status of their infants, but there are no data regarding its effect on infant mortality, and data on the effect of directly supplementing infants during the first few weeks of life are ...
Bellazzini Marc A - - 2005
Although cases of Vitamin D-deficient Rickets have declined since the Industrial Revolution, certain populations remain at risk. Risk factors for developing vitamin D-deficient Rickets include breast-feeding without formula or vitamin supplementation, very dark skin and inadequate exposure to sunlight. We describe a case of Rickets in a breastfed infant with ...
Skinner A R - - 2005
Mezmaiskaya Cave has yielded more than 10,000 artifacts, thousands of very well preserved faunal remains, and hominin remains, found in seven Middle Paleolithic (Mousterian) and three Upper Paleolithic levels. A complete Neanderthal infant skeleton was preserved in anatomical juxtaposition lying on a large limestone block, overlain by the earliest Mousterian ...
Sheir Khaled Z - - 2005
Various techniques for noncontrast spiral computerized tomography (NCCT) were utilized for the determination of the Hounsefield unit (HU) values of various types of urinary calculi with the aim of determining the best technique for distinguishing various stones compositions. A total of 130 urinary stones, obtained from patients who underwent open ...
Bishai David - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines gender, caste and economic differentials in child mortality in the context of a cluster-randomized trial of vitamin A distribution, in order to determine whether or not the intervention narrowed these differentials. DESIGN: The study involved secondary analysis of data from a placebo-controlled randomized field trial of ...
Yajnik Chittaranjan S - - 2005
The smallness of Indian babies is ascribed to small maternal size and their chronic under nutrition. Micronutrient nutrition of the mother may be particularly important. We investigated the relationship between maternal circulating concentrations of total homocysteine (tHcy), vitamin B12 and folate and offspring size at birth. Mothers of full term ...
Chinyanga E A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the vitamin A status of pregnant mothers, lactating mothers, preterm and term infants who were being fed exclusively on breast milk. DESIGN: Systematic/cross sectional. SETTING: Vitamin A research laboratory, animal science research laboratory, University of Zimbabwe, and Harare Central Hospital. SUBJECTS: 105 pregnant mothers attending the antenatal ...
Hoppu U - - 2005
To assess the effects of maternal dietary and supplement intake of vitamins C and E on breast milk antioxidant composition (vitamin C, alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene) and their protective potential against the development of atopy in the infant. Mothers with atopic disease were recruited at the end of gestation and maternal ...
Fitchett David H - - 2005
Recent Canadian lipid guidelines recommend that all high-risk patients receive medication to reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) below 2.5 mmol/L. The recently published Reversal of Atherosclerosis with Aggressive Lipid Lowering (REVERSAL) and Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy (PROVE IT) studies compared strategies of cholesterol lowering with atorvastatin ...
Hoppu Ulla - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vitamin E may have immunomodulatory properties beyond its antioxidant function. The objective here was to assess the alpha- and gamma-tocopherol status and its correlation between atopic mothers and their infants. METHODS: Mothers with atopic disease were recruited at the end of gestation and their infants were followed up. Serum ...
Goyal C Ram - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the safety and plaque removal efficacy of a tooth wipe (Oral-B Brush-Ups) using a manual toothbrush as a control. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-five healthy subjects from a general population were enrolled in this randomized, single-use, crossover study. After 23-25 hours of no oral hygiene, oral ...
Delvin Edgard E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the studies of vitamin A and E status in children, adolescents and adults, information on preterm infants is scarce. In the present investigation we examined the vitamin A, D and E status of pre-term infants at birth, and verified whether, at 1 and 3 months, breast ...
Groppi F - - 2005
Many regulatory agencies require that all building materials and industrial waste be tested for their naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) concentrations before they can be used or thrown away. Usually the NORM concentrations of 40K, 232Th and 238U are measured by gamma-ray spectrometry using high-purity germanium or NaI(Tl) detectors. 40K ...
Obeid Rima - - 2005
Studies linking hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) and B-vitamin deficiency to some health aspects in children have been accumulating. Low B-vitamin status inearly life, even as early as the time of conception, may endanger the potential for new life and may negatively influence the health of the offspring. Early abortion, pregnancy complications and ...
Hollis Bruce W - - 2004
Scientific data pertaining to vitamin D supplementation during lactation are scarce. The daily recommended intake for vitamin D during lactation has been arbitrarily set at 400 IU/d (10 microg/d). This recommendation is irrelevant with respect to maintaining the nutritional vitamin D status of mothers and nursing infants, especially among darkly ...
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