Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1186
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Chingale Amol - - 2007
Factor V deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive coagulation disorder. Awareness of presenting features and management is important to avoid bleeding complications associated with mortality and neurodisability. A 6-day-old Pakistani boy was admitted with bleeding from the left nipple. His parents were first cousins. A coagulation screen showed a prothrombin ...
Darlow B A - - 2007
Vitamin A is necessary for normal lung growth and the ongoing integrity of respiratory tract epithelial cells. Preterm infants have low vitamin A status at birth and this has been associated with increased risk of developing chronic lung disease. Several studies have been undertaken to assess whether vitamin A supplementation ...
Benbir G - - 2007
Epileptic seizures during infancy have a wide variety of clinical presentations and the outcome differs according to the etiology. Among the benign and rare causes of infantile seizures, Vitamin B12 deficiency has been encountered. Common symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency in infants include megaloblastic anemia, feeding difficulties, developmental delay, microcephaly, ...
Spinnato Joseph A JA - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review summarizes the results of recent randomized clinical trials whose primary purpose was to prevent preeclampsia and explores safety concerns that have been raised by these trials. Preeclampsia remains one the most common causes of perinatal and maternal mortality, particularly in resource-poor developing countries where its ...
Clarke Paul - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants may be at particular risk from either inadequate or excessive vitamin K prophylaxis. Our goal was to assess vitamin K status and metabolism in preterm infants after 3 regimens of prophylaxis. METHODS: Infants <32 weeks' gestation were randomized to receive 0.5 mg (control) or 0.2 mg of ...
Schulz Christiane - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An adequate supply of vitamin A during pregnancy and breastfeeding plays an important role for development of foetus and neonate, especially in lung development and function. AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of this pilot study was to analyze vitamin A and beta-carotene status and to investigate the contribution of ...
Shing Cecilia M - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of low-dose bovine colostrum protein concentrate (CPC) supplementation on selected immune variables in cyclists. Twenty-nine highly trained male road cyclists completed an initial 40-km time trial (TT(40)) and were then randomly assigned to either a supplement (n = 14, 10 ...
Hubbard Dena - - 2006
In infants, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is most likely the result of trauma or disturbances of coagulation function. Routine and standard care of the newborn includes the administration of vitamin K to prevent hemorrhagic disease of the newborn. We present two infants, the products of home deliveries, who did not receive ...
Sabour Hadis - - 2006
Poor maternal vitamin D status affects fetal and infant skeletal growth. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between newborn outcomes and maternal calcium and vitamin D intakes. Four hundred and forty-nine pregnant women, healthy at the point of delivery, and their newborns were enrolled in ...
Funke Simone - - 2006
Bone disease is an important complication among very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) infants. In adults, osteoporosis is associated with polymorphisms of vitamin D receptor (VDR), estrogen receptor (ER), and collagen Ialpha1 (COLIA1) genes. However, limited information is available regarding the role of these polymorphisms in bone disease in ...
Eimers M Catherine - - 2007
Increased sulphate (SO(4)) export from wetlands following summer droughts in central Ontario, Canada has been associated with the delayed chemical recovery of downstream surface waters following decreased sulphur (S) emissions. Prolonged summer droughts result in a decrease or cessation of stream flow, declines in wetland water table level and oxidation ...
Munns Craig - - 2006
Vitamin D deficiency has re-emerged as a significant paediatric health issue, with complications including hypocalcaemic seizures, rickets, limb pain and fracture. A major risk factor for infants is maternal vitamin D deficiency. For older infants and children, risk factors include dark skin colour, cultural practices, prolonged breastfeeding, restricted sun exposure ...
Zengin Emine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Late haemorrhagic disease of the newborn (HDN) can occur owing to a lack of vitamin K prophylaxis, as a manifestation of an underlying disorder or idiopatically from the 8th day to 12 weeks after birth. METHODS: Eight infants admitted to Kocaeli University Hospital with nine episodes of late HDN ...
Katar Selahattin - - 2006
We aimed to investigate the presence of psychomotor retardation, physical and laboratory examination in infants with megaloblastic anemia. Inclusion criteria for the study were; age 9 to 36 months, refusal of food except for breast and cow milk, loss of appetite, developmental delay, significant pallor, and hypersegmentation neutrophils in the ...
Chan Gary M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of dietary calcium (Ca) intervention on adolescent pregnant mothers and their newborns. METHODS: Seventy-two pregnant adolescent mothers were randomized into one of 3 groups: control, orange juice fortified with calcium, and dairy. The orange juice and dairy groups were required to take more than 1,200 ...
Vetvicka Vaclav - - 2007
(1-->3)-beta-D-Glucans represent highly conserved structural components of cell walls in yeast, fungi, or seaweed. However, it is still unknown how they mediate their effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate both intraperitoneal and oral application of seaweed-derived (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan Phycarine. Phycarine showed significant stimulation of phagocytosis by peripheral blood ...
Nield Linda S - - 2006
Rickets develops when growing bones fail to mineralize. In most cases, the diagnosis is established with a thorough history and physical examination and confirmed by laboratory evaluation. Nutritional rickets can be caused by inadequate intake of nutrients (vitamin D in particular); however, it is not uncommon in dark-skinned children who ...
Morton Richard E - - 2007
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) regulates human lipoprotein metabolism. Because reducing CETP increases plasma HDL, CETP inhibitors are currently being investigated for their pharmacologic value. However, complete CETP deficiency may have undesirable consequences. In contrast, based on previous studies with purified components, we hypothesized that partial CETP inhibition, which will ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to assess the vitamin D status of breastfed infants living in Iowa (latitude: 41 degrees N). METHODS: Blood samples and dietary records from 84 breastfed infants participating in another study were used for a survey of vitamin D status at 280 days of ...
Ashraf Ambika - - 2006
AIM: To further define the pathogenesis of infantile hypocalcemia, the prevailing vitamin D status, and treatment outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 23 infants admitted with infantile hypocalcemia, 21 had biochemical evidence of hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia and the other two had isolated hypocalcemia. The majority of these infants had relatively ...
Dratva J - - 2006
Various recent publications reported clinical manifestations of vitamin D deficiency in infants. Furthermore new research revealed additional properties of vitamin D for bone health and in the prevention of chronic diseases. However, prevalence data on actual supplementation rates are scarce. This study reports the prevalence of vitamin D supplementation in ...
Fiedler S - - 2007
Concentrations of technical 4-nonylphenol, 4-n-octylphenol, and 4-tert-octylphenol were investigated in surface water and sediment samples of four reservoirs southwest of São Paulo. Three of them (Takimoto 1, Takimoto 2, Pedro) were established in intensively cropped landscapes, one (Morro Grande) was surrounded by dense forests. Total alkylphenol concentrations in sediments generally ...
Haiden Nadja - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Premature infants, especially those with birth weights of <1500 g, often suffer from anemia of prematurity and associated problems. Erythropoietin therapy is a safe effective way to prevent and to treat anemia of prematurity. We hypothesized that combined administration of vitamin B12 and folate with erythropoietin and iron would ...
Miller Melissa F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anemia is prevalent in infants in developing countries. Its etiology is multifactorial and includes vitamin A deficiency. OBJECTIVE: Our primary aim was to measure the effect of maternal or neonatal vitamin A supplementation (or both) on hemoglobin and anemia in Zimbabwean infants. Our secondary aim was to identify the ...
Per Hüseyin - - 2006
Deficiency of vitamin K predisposes to early, classic or late hemorrhagic disease of the newborn (HDN); late HDN may be associated with serious and life-threatening intracranial hemorrhage. Late HDN is characterized by intracranial bleeding in infants aged 1 week to 6 months due to severe vitamin K deficiency, occurring particularly ...
Taylor Sarah N - - 2006
How human milk as the ideal infant nutrition lacks vitamin D activity leading to the severe bony deformities and muscle weakness of rickets has stymied scientists and clinicians for centuries. Recent understanding of human vitamin D requirements based on functional indicators of vitamin D activity demonstrate that the majority of ...
Nicolaidou P - - 2006
Adequate vitamin D status during pregnancy is crucial to assure normal fetal skeletal growth and to provide the vitamin D needed for infants' stores. To determine the actual situation in Greece, we evaluated serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), parathyroid hormone (PTH), osteocalcin (OC), and ...
Garlick Peter J - - 2006
The literature has been searched to identify evidence relating to the possible toxicity of the amino acid methionine in human subjects. Nutritional and metabolic studies have employed amounts of methionine, including the d and dl isomers, both below and above the requirement and have not reported adverse effects in adults ...
Cooke Steven J - - 2006
Reproductive-based migration is a challenging period for many animals, but particularly for Pacific salmonids, which must navigate from the high seas to freshwater natal streams. For the first time, we attempt to answer the question as to why some migratory adult Pacific salmon die en route to spawning grounds. Summer-run ...
Sathasivam Anpalakan - - 2006
The phenotype of mucolipidosis type II (ML II), a disorder of lysosomal enzyme transport, includes mucopolysaccharidosis type I (Hurler syndrome)-like features and dysostosis multiplex, usually apparent after 6 months of age. We describe here the natural history of neonatal hyperparathyroidism, a recently described presentation of ML II. A female neonate ...
Koleba Tamar - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IGIV) is used in the treatment of a wide variety of immune disorders. To our knowledge, no comprehensive or systematic review on the pharmacokinetics of IGIV has been published despite the availability of many published individual studies. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review published studies of the pharmacokinetics of ...
Cleghorn Shelley - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of children are presenting with nutritional rickets. Rickets affects mainly dark-skinned infants being breastfed for prolonged periods without vitamin supplementation. The main aim of this study was to assess health visitors' (HV) knowledge of the government guidelines for vitamin supplementation for infants and children and the advice ...
Al Khaja Khalid A J - - 2006
This nationwide prescription-based study was undertaken to evaluate antimicrobial prescribing for infants, and to identify prescribing errors in infants in 20 primary care health centres of Bahrain. Data was collected on a daily basis by pharmacists in May 2004. Antimicrobials ranked the 5th most common drugs prescribed in infants; beta-lactams, ...
Trombelli Leonardo - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether identification of subjects with different susceptibility to plaque-induced gingival inflammation is dependent on the length of time of de novo plaque accumulation. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data obtained from a recently reported randomized split-mouth localized experimental gingivitis trial involving 96 ...
Yan Wenbo - - 2006
While uterotrophic effects of relaxin are well documented, the mechanism through which relaxin promotes uterine growth is incompletely understood. Studies in rats suggest that relaxin-stimulated uterine edema depends on estrogen receptor (ER) activation. Here, neonatal pigs were used to investigate the interaction between relaxin and ER signaling pathways. Gilts were ...
Rumbold Alice R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Supplementation with antioxidant vitamins has been proposed to reduce the risk of preeclampsia and perinatal complications, but the effects of this intervention are uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial of nulliparous women between 14 and 22 weeks of gestation. Women were assigned to daily supplementation with 1000 ...
Koc Ahmet - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency in infancy may cause failure to thrive, severe neurological disorders and megaloblastic pancytopenia. It is well known that infants born with deficient vitamin B12 storage have increased the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 deficiency is more prevalent in infancy in Sanliurfa province (at the ...
Cortez D V - - 2006
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of phosphate buffer concentration on growth and xylitol production by Candida guilliermondii FTI 20037. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fermentations runs were carried out in batch mode employing semisynthetic medium supplemented with phosphate buffer at different concentrations (from 200 to 600 mmol l(-1)). The xylitol yield (Y(P/S)) ...
Hirose Edson - - 2006
The antibiotic streptomycin added to the drinking water at a concentration of 125 mg/ l during nymphal development of Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae)accelerated the development in ca. 2 days, increased survivorship, and doubled adult longevity; nymph survivorship and adult body weight were not affected when compared to control insects. ...
Balasubramanian S - - 2006
This report is based on observations during the conduct of a study of hypocalcemia in infants and children. In a study of 50 cases, 13 exclusively breast fed infants manifesting with hypocalcemic seizures were confirmed to have vitamin D deficiency. None of the 13 infants had received vitamin D supplementation. ...
Lin Yu-Cheng - - 2006
Chloral hydrate is generally considered to be a safe hypnotic drug, and is commonly used for short-term sedation before diagnostic procedures. Its irritant actions to the mucous membranes are usually limited. We report a rare complication of chloral hydrate overdose in an infant. An 8-month-old male infant became unconscious and ...
Del Rosso Do James Q - - 2006
Dermatological research continues to move toward the goal of developing an effective psoriasis treatment that would rapidly clear lesions and provide long-term freedom from visible signs and symptoms. Currently, topical corticosteroids remain a pivotal treatment due to their effective anti-inflammatory properties; however, potential adverse effects associated with chronic application limit ...
Huang Junmin - - 2006
The role of 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) in previously reported proline enantioselective stationary phases was investigated. Seven stationary phases in which the Fmoc group was replaced by other groups were prepared and evaluated in normal phase mode. The Fmoc group proved nonessential for the broad enantioselectivity observed, as the stationary phase with ...
Humphrey Jean H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Low maternal serum retinol level is a risk factor for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Multiple-large-dose vitamin A supplementation of HIV-positive children reduces mortality. The World Health Organization recommends single-large-dose vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women in areas of prevalent vitamin A deficiency; neonatal dosing is ...
Henriksen C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the supply and status of fat-soluble vitamins in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants compared to a reference group of normal birth weight (NBW) infants. DESIGN: A longitudinal study of VLBW infants in the early neonatal period. Blood samples were drawn at 1 week of age and ...
Hetzel Patrick G - - 2006
Coumarin embryopathy (CE) is a well-documented sequelae of prenatal exposure to vitamin K antagonists. We report on a female premature infant (25 weeks' gestation) born to a mother who had received phenprocoumon during pregnancy following mechanical heart valve replacement. The infant presented with impaired coagulation, intraventricular and minor parenchymal cerebral ...
Liu Jing - - 2006
AIMS: Infants less than 35 weeks' gestation age are susceptible to periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH). This may be partially attributable to low concentrations of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine the umbilical blood activity levels of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors II, VII, IX and ...
Wagner Carol L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of high-dose maternal vitamin D(3) (vitD) supplementation on the nutritional vitD status of breastfeeding (BF) women and their infants compared with maternal and infant controls receiving 400 and 300 IU vitD/day, respectively. DESIGN: Fully lactating women (n = 19) were enrolled at 1-month postpartum into ...
Basile Laura A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Improve vitamin D status in lactating women and their recipient infants, and measure breast milk calcium concentration [Ca] as a function of vitamin D regimen. DESIGN/METHODS: Fully breastfeeding mothers were randomized at 1 month postpartum to 2000 (n = 12) or 4000 (n = 13) IU/day vitamin D for ...
Taylor Sarah N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite the higher prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in blacks, the vitamin D status of black preterm infants remains unknown. In addition, with the combination of parenteral and enteral nutritional support that preterm infants receive, the effect of vitamin D-deficient breast milk on vitamin D status is unknown. OBJECTIVE: ...
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