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Jain Sushil K - - 2008
Background Newborn birth weight has been shown to significantly correlate with the blood levels of vitamin C. Objective This study was planned to answer the question of why vitamin C levels correlate with birth weight; does such correlation reflect a protective effect of vitamin C on fetal growth, by its ...
Cekinmez Melih - - 2008
OBJECTS: Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) represents a clinical picture characterized by bleedings due to insufficient levels of vitamin-K-dependent hemostatic factors. VKDB can be classified into three groups as early, classic, and late according to time of occurrence. Late-type VKDB has particular importance due to frequent intracranial hemorrhages that lead ...
Panigrahy Ashok - - 2008
Progress in the development of effective therapies for diffuse intrinsic brainstem gliomas (DIBSGs) is compromised by the unavailability of tissue samples and the lack of noninvasive markers that can characterize disease status. The purpose of this study was to compare the metabolic profile of DIBSGs with that of astrocytomas elsewhere ...
Cano Francisco J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Calcitriol has long been used as the main therapy in renal osteodystrophy, but the efficacy of the oral route is not always as high as expected. OBJECTIVE: To asses the safety and efficacy of intraperitoneal calcitriol in infants undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PD patients on oral ...
Harrison Adele - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Failure to protect total parenteral nutrition (TPN) solutions from ambient light induces the generation of peroxides, which contributes to the oxidation of several amino acids. We hypothesized that photo-protection improves the metabolic response to TPN. AIM: To study the effects of photo-protecting TPN on urinary nitrogen and vitamin C ...
Erol Ilknur - - 2007
Vitamin B(12) deficiency in infants often produces haematological and neurological deficits, including macrocytic anaemia, neurodevelopmental delay or regression, irritability, weakness, hypotonia, ataxia, apathy, tremor, and seizures. The diagnosis of vitamin B(12) deficiency can be difficult when the typical macrocytic anaemia is absent. We report the case of a 10-month-old female ...
Orbak Z - - 2007
At Ataturk University Hospital, eight infants who presented with hypocalcaemic seizures were subsequently found to have rickets. Their mothers had osteomalacia. Neither mothers nor infants received vitamin D supplementation. Maternal vitamin D deficiency and non-supplementation in the infants were causes of rickets in these patients. It is recommended that neonatal ...
Aurvåg Anne K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants usually have low retinol status at birth and at discharge from hospital. We have evaluated a new protocol designed to improve plasma retinol in very low birth weight infants (VLBW, birth weight < 1500 g). DESIGN: An open intervention trial was conducted in which vitamin A was ...
Doneray Hakan - - 2007
In this study, clinical and demographic features of 16 cases with late vitamin K deficiency bleeding are presented. Ages of infants were between 30 and 130 days. Their delivery histories were uneventful, and family histories for bleeding disorders were negative. All parents except one were unaware of whether their children ...
Fakunle E E - - 2007
A prominent evidence of inherited bleeding disorder in newborn males is excessive post-circumcision bleeding. Male circumcision in Nigeria is the rule rather than the exception. Male siblings of some of the Nigerian haemophiliacs consequently died from severe post-circumcision bleeding. The aim was to determine the incidence of inherited factor VIIIc ...
Dijkstra S H - - 2007
To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in newborn infants of mothers at risk of vitamin D deficiency because of dark skin or the wearing of concealing clothes (such as a veil) compared with a group presumed not to be at risk. A second aim was to correlate these ...
Maiya S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In recent large paediatric cardiomyopathy population studies from North America and Australia, vitamin D deficiency was not identified as a cause of infant heart failure. However, rickets is resurgent in developed countries. OBJECTIVE: To review the prevalence of this cardiomyopathy in paediatric cardiology units of southeast England and determine ...
Dworkin Ian - - 2007
The putative regulatory relationships between Antennapedia (Antp), spalt major (salm) and homothorax (hth) are tested with regard to the sensitive period of antenna-to-leg transformations. Although Antp expression repressed hth as predicted, contrary to expectations, hth did not show increased repression at higher Antp doses, whereas salm, a gene downstream of ...
Basile L A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: With vitamin D deficiency as a serious public health problem, vitamin D status at birth was measured in neonates at latitude 32 degrees 72' (southeastern United States). STUDY DESIGN: In umbilical cord blood, vitamin D status, demonstrated by circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D, was measured and related to race and season ...
Chang Shin-Tsu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Poststreptococcal reactive arthritis (PSReA) is a nonsuppurative sequela of antecedent streptococcal infection, and can be investigated when detecting the anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titer. The relationship between ASO titer and involvement of the peripheral synovial joints has been examined in PSRA, but data are sparse for the sacroiliac (SI) joint. ...
Rigo Jacques - - 2007
With major advances in life-support measures, nutrition has become one of the most debated issues in the care of very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Current nutritional recommendations are based on healthy premature infants and designed to provide postnatal nutrient retention during the 'stable-growing' period equivalent to the intrauterine gain of ...
Darboe Momodou K MK MRC International Nutrition Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2007
Most developing countries have adopted a standard WHO dosing schedule for vitamin A supplementation. However, in 2002 the International Vitamin A Consultative Group (IVACG) Annecy Accord recommended a new high-dose regimen for mothers and infants. Our aim was to test whether the new high-dose regimen of vitamin A supplementation would ...
Nair Sukumaran K - - 2007
Though rare in incidence, chylothorax can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Its occurrence corresponds to increased mortality following esophagectomy. Leakage of chyle and lymph leads to significant loss of essential proteins, immunoglobulins, fat, vitamins, electrolytes and water. The presence of chylomicrons and a triglyceride level >110 mg/dl in the ...
Joniau S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate, through a prospective follow-up study, the effects of a dietary supplementation challenge in men with isolated high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN). METHODS: The effects of a 6-month supplementation challenge with selenium, vitamin E, and soy isoflavonoids in men diagnosed with isolated HGPIN on biopsy were evaluated. A ...
McNinch Andrew - - 2007
To conduct and report monitoring of vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in Great Britain and Ireland following the 1988-90 survey (VKDB-90). Two 2-year surveys conducted during 1993-4 (VKDB-94) and 2001-02 (VKDB-02). Data collected from all consultant paediatricians in Great Britain and Ireland. All infants presenting with bleeding resulting from vitamin ...
Weinman Angela Regina Maciel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the vitamin A nutritional status of preterm infants determined by the vitamin A relative dose-response test (RDR) compared with serum levels of vitamin A, retinol-binding protein (RBP), transthyretin (TTR), and retinol relations with carrier proteins. METHODS: Serum levels of retinol, RBP, and TTR and retinol/RBP, retinol/TTR, ...
Jones Katharine M - - 2007
Approximately one-third of low-income women and children studied in Guatemala are reported to have deficient (<148 pmol/L) or marginal (148-220 pmol/L) plasma vitamin B-12 concentrations. Because vitamin B-12 deficiency can adversely affect infant development and cognitive function, the present study examined predictors of deficient plasma vitamin B-12 concentrations at the ...
Idindili Boniphace - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A supplementation reduces morbidity and mortality in children living in areas endemic for vitamin A deficiency. Routine vitamin A supplementation usually starts only at age 9 mo, but high rates of illness and mortality are seen in the first months of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study ...
Karademir F - - 2007
Serum vitamin B12 and folate, and their functional markers, plasma homocysteine and urinary methylmalonate (uMMA) were measured in 204 healthy, term infants at birth, and at 2 and 6 months. Compared with infants receiving formula food, those fed mother's milk had lower vitamin B12 and folate at 2 and 6 ...
Dijkstra S H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in newborn infants of mothers at risk of vitamin D deficiency because of dark skin or the wearing of concealing clothes (such as a veil), compared with a group supposed not to be at risk. A second aim was to correlate ...
Ray Anasuya - - 2007
Tasidotin (ILX-651), an orally active synthetic microtubule-targeted derivative of the marine depsipeptide dolastatin-15, is currently undergoing clinical evaluation for cancer treatment. Tasidotin inhibited proliferation of MCF7/GFP breast cancer cells with an IC(50) of 63 nmol/L and inhibited mitosis with an IC(50) of 72 nmol/L in the absence of detectable effects ...
Tuthill David P - - 2007
Optimal nutrition is one of the fundamental components for infants to reach their full growth and neurodevelopmental potential. Best practice is facilitated by a contemporaneous, multidisciplinary, evidence-based nutrition policy. Such evidence has recently been reviewed. We have assessed: the prevalence of nutrition policies in neonatal units in the UK and ...
King Christopher R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) velocity (PSAV), the rate of PSA rise preceding diagnosis, predicts for relapse and cancer death after prostatectomy or radiotherapy. We studied the timing, cutoff levels, and method of calculation to better define its usefulness. METHODS: The rates of biochemical relapse were examined in 471 patients ...
Zhang Xi-Ping - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic encephalopathy (PE) is a serious complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). In recent years, more and more PE cases have been reported worldwide, and the onset PE in the early stage was regarded as a poor prognosis sign of SAP, but the pathogenesis of PE in SAP still ...
Nielsen Vance G - - 2007
Elastic modulus-based assessment of hemostasis in clinical and research settings has been conducted for nearly 60 years. Two systems utilizing this technology include the Thrombelastograph (Haemoscope Corporation, Niles, Illinois, USA) and the ROTEM (Pentapharm GmbH, Munich, Germany). The study goal was to compare the Thrombelastograph and the ROTEM to determine ...
Ayah R A - - 2007
Postpartum vitamin A supplementation of mothers and infants is recommended, but the efficacy has been questioned. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, Kenyan mother-infant pairs were randomised to maternal vitamin A (400,000 IU) or placebo <24 h postpartum, and infant vitamin A (100,000 IU) or placebo at 14 weeks. Milk retinol ...
Mercy J - - 2007
Metabolic bone disease of prematurity is characterised by impaired postnatal mineralisation of the rapidly growing infant skeleton. To longitudinally evaluate postnatal changes in tibial speed of sound (tSOS; which reflects cortical thickness and bone mineral density) and lower limb length (LLL; a measure of tibial growth) in very low birthweight ...
Joshi Ashish - - 2007
Prothrombin time, expressed as international normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), are standard methods of monitoring coumadin and heparin administration. Prothrombin activation fragment (F1.2) is an index of in vivo thrombin generation. We hypothesized that F1.2 would provide a better surrogate of thromboembolism risk than standard coagulation ...
Silk Hugh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is essential to the health of children. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recently updated its recommendations for vitamin D supplementation. The current level of vitamin D counseling for infants by family medicine physicians and pediatricians in Connecticut is unknown. METHODS: Some 841 self-administered surveys were ...
Ijland Marloes M - - 2008
Vitamin K prophylaxis is recommended to prevent the hazard of haemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency in newborns. The present Dutch guideline recommends 1 mg of vitamin K(1) orally at birth, followed by a daily dose of 25 microg of vitamin K(1) from 1 to 13 weeks of age for ...
Broadhurst Matt K - - 2007
Ninety juvenile yellowfin bream Acanthopagrus australis were angled from holding tanks, allowed to ingest nickel-plated, carbon-steel J-hooks and released (with their lines cut) into individual experimental tanks during 2 experiments in order to assess their (1) long-term (up to 105 d) health, mortality and rate of hook ejection and (2) ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2007
Only limited aspects of the transfer of calcium across the placenta to the fetus are known. Clinical outcome studies suggest that bone mineral mass in newborn infants is related to maternal size and dairy intake. Available data indicate that vitamin D deficiency may also limit in utero fetal bone mineral ...
Hyppönen E - - 2007
Vitamin D has been suggested to affect the balance between T helper (Th1) and (Th2) type cytokines by favouring Th2 domination. We investigated the association between infant vitamin D supplementation and later pre-eclampsia, a disorder suggested to be dominated by Th1 response. We used data on 2969 women born in ...
Samerotte Athena L - - 2007
Most shallow-water teleosts have moderate levels of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO; approximately 50 mmol/kg wet mass), a common osmolyte in many other marine animals. Recently, muscle TMAO contents were found to increase linearly with depth in six families. In one hypothesis, this may be an adaptation to counteract the deleterious effects ...
Ehab K Emam
The aim of this research was to study the effect of intramuscular supplementation of 5000 IU of vitamin A three times per week for 28th days on the serum levels of interleukins 4 and 5 and on the incidence of chronic lung disease in premature and low birth weight infants. ...
Aurvåg,Anne Karin
Summary Objective: Preterm infants usually have low retinol status. We have therefore evaluated a new protocol designed to improve vitamin A status in very low birth weight infants (VLBW, birth weight < 1,500 g). Since the new protocol also changed the supplementation of vitamins D, E and K, their plasma ...
Lee Joyce M - - 2007
Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D was measured in 40 healthy, mostly Black, mother-infant pairs. Although a majority of mothers received a daily prenatal multivitamin, vitamin D deficiency (<30 nmol/L), was found in 50% of mothers and 65% of their newborn infants, with a positive correlation between maternal and infant plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D ...
Debier Cathy - - 2007
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble nutrient that is extremely important during the early stages of life, from the time of conception to the postnatal development of the infant. The mechanisms involved in its placental and mammary uptake appear to be allowed by the presence of lipoprotein receptors (LDL-receptor, VLDL-receptor, scavenger ...
Nicandro Jean Paul A - - 2007
The inhibition or induction of hepatic cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) enzyme associated with herbal medicines such as I'm-Yunity (Coriolus versicolor) can result in clinically significant herb-drug interactions. The active ingredient of I'm-Yunity is believed to be polysaccharopeptide polymer (PSP). Drug interactions between I'm-Yunity and other medications or supplements are yet ...
Ito Koichi - - 2007
Despite administration of vitamin K (VK), some infants show lower activity of VK-dependent coagulation factors and they could develop intracranial hemorrhage. For preventing VK deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in infants, oral administration of VK and a screening test for VK deficiency are carried out in Japan. For the screening, the total ...
Franić Zdenko - - 2007
Long-term investigations of radiocaesium activity concentrations in carp in the Republic of Croatia are presented. The radiocaesium levels in carp decreased exponentially and the effective ecological half-life of (137)Cs was estimated to be about 1 year during 1987-2002 and 5 years during 1993-2005. The observed (134)Cs:(137)Cs activity ratio in carp ...
Korakaki Eftichia - - 2007
Although the beneficial effects of antenatally administered glucocorticoids are well documented, data on the potential of adverse consequences are limited. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of antenatally administered glucocorticoids on biochemical markers of bone metabolism of 55 preterm infants with a gestational age of 24-34 ...
Purnell Matthew P - - 2007
We report here the results from a glasshouse trial of several transgenic sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) lines accumulating the bacterial polyester polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) in plastids. The aims of the trial were to characterize the spatio-temporal pattern of PHB accumulation at a whole-plant level, to identify factors limiting PHB production and ...
More Judy - - 2007
Supplementation for breast-fed babies should begin at six months, or from one month if the mother's vitamin status during pregnancy is doubtful, and should continue for five years. Any teenager or woman who could become pregnant should receive 400 microg folic acid daily. Pregnant and breast-feeding women, anyone over 65 ...
Brancaccio Diego - - 2007
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common and serious consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). SHPT is a complex condition characterised by a decline in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and consequent vitamin D receptor (VDR) activation, abnormalities in serum calcium and phosphorus levels, parathyroid gland hyperplasia, elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion, and systemic ...
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