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Ragunatha Shivanna - - 2008
An infant with diffuse nonscarring alopecia of scalp and radiologic features of scurvy responded dramatically to oral vitamin C therapy. The characteristic cutaneous manifestations of scurvy are usually not seen in infancy. The manifestations of initial stage of scurvy that are not related to collagen synthesis, as in the present ...
Singh V - - 2009
Every month during the year 2006-2007, the 24, 48, 72 and 96 h LC50 values of a molluscicide, cypermethrin, were determined for a snail Lymnaea acuminata, with concomitant estimation of levels of temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide and electrical conductivity, both in control and test water. On the ...
Zengin E - - 2009
AIM: In developing countries, nutritional vitamin B(12) deficiency in infants due to maternal diet without adequate protein of animal origin has some characteristic clinical features. In this study, haematological, neurological and gastrointestinal characteristics of nutritional vitamin B(12) deficiency are presented. METHODS: Hospital records of 27 infants diagnosed in a paediatric ...
Haq Bilal U - - 2008
Sea levels have been determined for most of the Paleozoic Era (542 to 251 million years ago), but an integrated history of sea levels has remained unrealized. We reconstructed a history of sea-level fluctuations for the entire Paleozoic by using stratigraphic sections from pericratonic and cratonic basins. Evaluation of the ...
Lee Cheng-Ting - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Transient pseudohypoparathyroidism is a rare cause of late-onset hypocalcemia in neonates and infants. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical presentation and natural course of transient pseudohypoparathyroidism in neonates and infants. METHODS: From 1995 to 2006, 21 patients under 3 months of age were admitted to ...
Brucknerova Ingrid - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To present a term newborn with severe asphyxial status due to dysrrhythmia induced by the neonatal form of carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency (CPT II). RESULTS: Term newborn delivered spontaneously (birth weight 3450 grams, birth length 52 cm, values of Apgar score 10/10) with good direct adaptation, on second day ...
Madar Ahmed A - - 2009
High prevalences of vitamin D deficiency have been reported in non-Western immigrants moving to Western countries, including Norway, but there is limited information on vitamin D status in infants born to immigrant mothers. We aimed to describe the vitamin D status and potentially correlated factors among infants aged 6 weeks ...
Johnson K S - - 2008
A multifaceted approach to atmospheric aerosol analysis is often desirable in field studies where an understanding of technical comparability among different measurement techniques is essential. Herein, we report quantitative intercomparisons of particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and proton elastic scattering analysis (PESA), performed of fline under a vacuum, with analysis by ...
Greer Frank R - - 2008
Vitamin D deficiency occurs in the United States in exclusively breastfed infants who have high levels of skin pigmentation, inadequate vitamin D supplementation, and insufficient sunlight exposure. I review serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations and functional outcomes of vitamin deficiency in young children and breastfed and nonbreastfed infants. These outcomes ...
Chalouhi Christel - - 2008
In developed countries, the vitamin B12 deficiency usually occurs in children exclusively breast-fed, whose mothers are vegetarians, causing low stores of vitamin B12. Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency appear during the second trimester of life and include failure to thrive, lethargy, hypotonia, and arrest or regression of developmental skills. A ...
Bhat Pangala V - - 2008
Vitamin A (retinol) and its analogs (retinoids) are important regulators of cell proliferation, differentiation, immune function, and apoptosis. The kidneys are target organs for vitamin A action. Retinoic acid (RA), a vitamin A metabolite, is involved in embryonic kidney patterning through the control of receptor tyrosine kinase expression, which modulates ...
Bjørke-Monsen Anne-Lise - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A metabolic profile consistent with impaired cobalamin status is prevalent in breastfed infants. We investigated whether this profile reflects immature organ systems or impaired cobalamin status. METHODS: In a single-center, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we studied 107 six-week-old infants. The infants were randomly assigned to receive either an intramuscular injection ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2008
We evaluated the antioxidant status of 82 healthy term low birth weight (LBW) newborns and equal number of gestation and sex matched controls weighing <2500 g by measuring vitamin A and E, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in cord serum. Levels of vitamin A and E, superoxide dismutase and ...
Klemm Rolf D W - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effect of supplementing newborns with 50000 IU of vitamin A on all-cause infant mortality through 24 weeks of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a community-based, double-masked, cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted in 19 unions in rural northwest Bangladesh. The study was nested into and balanced across ...
Benn Christine Stabell - - 2008
To investigate the effect of high dose vitamin A supplementation given with BCG vaccine at birth in an African setting with high infant mortality. Randomised placebo controlled trial. Setting Bandim Health Project's demographic surveillance system in Guinea-Bissau, covering approximately 90,000 inhabitants. Participants 4345 infants due to receive BCG. Infants were ...
Yenicesu Idil - - 2008
Nutritional B12 deficiency in childhood is an uncommon disorder. Most cases are due to maternal insufficiency, resulting from deficient stores and intake, and is generally seen in exclusively breast fed infants. This report describes a breast-fed infant with megaloblastic anemia secondary to maternal vitamin B12 deficiency. We describe this patient ...
Gordon Catherine M - - 2008
To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and to examine whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration varies as a function of skin pigmentation, season, sun exposure, breastfeeding, and vitamin D supplementation. Cross-sectional sample. Urban primary care clinic. Healthy infants and toddlers (N = 380) who were seen for a routine ...
Black Maureen M - - 2008
Folate deficiency in the periconceptional period contributes to neural tube defects; deficits in vitamin B12 (cobalamin) have negative consequences on the developing brain during infancy; and deficits of both vitamins are associated with a greater risk of depression during adulthood. This review examines two mechanisms linking folate and vitamin B12 ...
Storm Shawn W - - 2008
Markedly deficient expression of membrane-activated complex 1 (Mac-1; CD11b/CD18) by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) of human neonates compared with adults is well documented. To define postnatal maturation of Mac-1 expression of PMN, lysates of PMN from 21 infants, aged 1-14 months, and concurrent adult controls were assayed by ELISA for total ...
Marble Michael - - 2008
A neonate with elevated propionylcarnitine on the newborn screen was found to have methylmalonic acidemia due to vitamin B(12) deficiency. The mother was also vitamin B(12)-deficient. This case illustrates the utility of expanded newborn screening for detection of vitamin B(12) deficiency, allowing prompt treatment and prevention of potential sequelae.
Flood Veronica H - - 2008
Late hemorrhagic disease of the newborn (HDN) presents 0.5-6 months after birth with mucocutaneous and intracranial bleeding. We describe here two cases of late HDN in infants who received vitamin K. The first case is a previously healthy breastfed male who received one dose of oral vitamin K at birth ...
Bishara Rosine - - 2008
The objectives of this study were to describe and compare retinol, alpha-tocopherol and gamma-tocopherol, fat, energy, and nitrogen concentrations between the foremilk and hindmilk fractions of 24-hour milk collected by 24 mothers of very preterm (< 28 weeks' gestation) infants and to relate milk vitamins A and E content to ...
Siddiqi Nazish - - 2008
Maternal postpartum vitamin A supplementation is a safe and effective practice to replenish maternal vitamin A stores after delivery and in addition to provide the breastfeeding newborn with sufficient vitamin A. This strategy has been implemented in many countries around the world where Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is prevalent. Recently, ...
Dror Daphna K - - 2008
Severe vitamin B(12) deficiency produces a cluster of neurological symptoms in infants, including irritability, failure to thrive, apathy, anorexia, and developmental regression, which respond remarkably rapidly to supplementation. The underlying mechanisms may involve delayed myelination or demyelination of nerves; alteration in the S-adenosylmethionine:S-adenosylhomocysteine ratio; imbalance of neurotrophic and neurotoxic cytokines; ...
Santin Matteo - - 2008
Future successes in regenerative medicine will depend on the development of new biodegradable biomaterials able to control tissue regeneration in vitro and in vivo. None of the products currently available to surgeons can combine all the essential characteristics for biodegradable biomaterials, which are tunable degradation rate, controlled inflammatory reaction, no ...
Fry Stephen C - - 2008
Mixed-linkage (1-->3,1-->4)-beta-d-glucan (MLG), a hemicellulose long thought to be confined to certain Poales, was recently also found in Equisetum; xyloglucan occurs in all land plants. We now report that Equisetum possesses MLG:xyloglucan endotransglucosylase (MXE), which is a unique enzyme that grafts MLG to xyloglucan oligosaccharides (e.g. the heptasaccharide XXXGol). MXE ...
van Hasselt Peter M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Newborns routinely receive vitamin K to prevent vitamin K deficiency bleeding. The efficacy of oral vitamin K administration may be compromised in infants with unrecognized cholestasis. We aimed to compare the risk of vitamin K deficiency bleeding under different prophylactic regimens in infants with biliary atresia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Eser Olcay - - 2008
A 45-day-old infant presented with a rare case of intracerebral hematoma complicated with brain abscess which developed after vitamin K deficiency. He was admitted to our emergency department with complaints of fever and confusion. Physical, neurological, and laboratory examinations and cranial computed tomography identified vitamin K deficiency and intracerebral hematoma. ...
Kislal Fatih M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Metabolic bone disease of prematurity is a common problem in preterm infants. The aim of the present paper was to measure the effect of vitamin D, in order to see the relation between vitamin D and urinary excretion of deoxypyridinoline (DPD), serum osteocalcin (OC), calcium (Ca), inorganic phosphorus (P), ...
Doneray Hakan - - 2008
In recent years, alendronate, an oral biphosphonate, has been added to therapy of hypercalcemia secondary to vitamin D intoxication in children. Alendronate may cause mucosal ulcerations in the mouth and esophagus. We report our experience in two infants with vitamin D intoxication to whom alendronate therapy was administered through nasogastric ...
Kawamura Mishio - - 2008
Prolonged incubation with sucrose as an acceptor and cycloinulohexaose as a donor at a high concentration of cycloinulooligosaccharide fructanotransferase afforded a series of fructooligosaccharides. Their chain-length distribution extended over 10 degrees of polymerization when the donor concentration was increased to 120 mM. Increasing the acceptor concentration proved effective in improving ...
Yang Jianchang - - 2008
Early-flowered superior spikelets usually exhibit a faster grain filling rate and heavier grain weight than late-flowered inferior spikelets in rice (Oryza sativa L.). But the intrinsic factors responsible for the variations between the two types of spikelets are unclear. This study investigated whether and how polyamines (PAs) are involved in ...
Cypel Marcela - - 2008
A rare case of hyperlipropoteinemia in a 35-day-old infant who presented not only high blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides but also an ocular manifestation described as lipemia retinalis. The fundoscopic abnormality cleared as the levels of chilomicrons in plasma dropped. Lipemia retinalis is an important and reliable parameter of ...
Yorifuji Junko - - 2008
CONTEXT: Craniotabes in otherwise normal neonates has been regarded as physiological and left untreated. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the role of vitamin D deficiency in the development of craniotabes in normal neonates. DESIGN AND SETTING: Newborn screening of craniotabes was conducted at the single largest obstetrical facility in ...
Madar A A - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To study whether a free supply of vitamin D(2) drops to 6-week-old infants together with tailor-made information handouts improves the vitamin D status after 7 weeks in the intervention group compared to a control group. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this cluster randomized controlled trial in eight child health clinics in Oslo, ...
Wallis Katharine - - 2008
A 5 month old black infant presented to the Emergency Department in the spring with generalised seizures. He was found to have severe vitamin D deficiency and hypocalcaemia. The baby had been born healthy in the autumn at 45.5 degrees south to parents of African extraction, had been fully breast-fed ...
Loeffler David A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Complement activation is increased in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but its significance is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between complement activation and cognition during the development of AD. METHODS: iC3b, C9, Bielschowsky, and Gallyas staining was performed on aged normal (n = 17), mild ...
Weiler Hope A - - 2008
Objective: To compare bone mass in newborn infants of First Nations, white and Asian mothers while accounting for vitamin D status. Fifty infants born healthy at term age were measured for bone mass using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) within 15 days of life. Vitamin D status was measured as ...
Minami Hiroji - - 2008
We report a rare case of fetal intraventricular bleeding possibly due to maternal vitamin K deficiency. A 20-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital due to impending premature delivery and loss of dietary intake at 28 weeks of gestation. Her blood examination showed metabolic alkalosis, prolonged prothrombin time, and extremely ...
Senthilnathan S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Current regimens of intravenous pamidronate for infants and children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) typically deliver 3-12 mg/kg/year of drug. We wished to ascertain the effect of pamidronate at 6 or 12 mg/kg/year on skeletal health in infants with OI. METHODS: We recruited 12 infants over a period of 4 ...
Ryan Monique M - - 2008
Nemaline myopathy is defined by the presence of nemaline bodies, or rods, on muscle biopsy. Facial and bulbar weakness in nemaline myopathy cause chewing and swallowing difficulties, recurrent aspiration, and poor control of oral secretions. This article discusses 5 patients (4 infants and 1 adolescent) with nemaline myopathy who received ...
Hong Juhee - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Whereas there are numerous reports in the literature relating the impact of maternal nutritional status on subsequent birth outcome, much less is known about the long-term impact on infant growth after birth. Therefore, we conducted a prospective cohort study to investigate the association of maternal micronutrient status (vitamins A, ...
Perrone Serafina - - 2007
Oxidative stress occurs when the production of free radicals exceeds the cells' ability to eliminate them. Many events leading to overproduction of free radicals may easily induce oxidative stress in the earliest phases of human life. Given the growing role of oxidative stress in newborn preterm morbidity, one of the ...
Jain Sushil K - - 2008
Background Newborn birth weight has been shown to significantly correlate with the blood levels of vitamin C. Objective This study was planned to answer the question of why vitamin C levels correlate with birth weight; does such correlation reflect a protective effect of vitamin C on fetal growth, by its ...
Cekinmez Melih - - 2008
OBJECTS: Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) represents a clinical picture characterized by bleedings due to insufficient levels of vitamin-K-dependent hemostatic factors. VKDB can be classified into three groups as early, classic, and late according to time of occurrence. Late-type VKDB has particular importance due to frequent intracranial hemorrhages that lead ...
Panigrahy Ashok - - 2008
Progress in the development of effective therapies for diffuse intrinsic brainstem gliomas (DIBSGs) is compromised by the unavailability of tissue samples and the lack of noninvasive markers that can characterize disease status. The purpose of this study was to compare the metabolic profile of DIBSGs with that of astrocytomas elsewhere ...
Cano Francisco J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Calcitriol has long been used as the main therapy in renal osteodystrophy, but the efficacy of the oral route is not always as high as expected. OBJECTIVE: To asses the safety and efficacy of intraperitoneal calcitriol in infants undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PD patients on oral ...
Harrison Adele - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Failure to protect total parenteral nutrition (TPN) solutions from ambient light induces the generation of peroxides, which contributes to the oxidation of several amino acids. We hypothesized that photo-protection improves the metabolic response to TPN. AIM: To study the effects of photo-protecting TPN on urinary nitrogen and vitamin C ...
Erol Ilknur - - 2007
Vitamin B(12) deficiency in infants often produces haematological and neurological deficits, including macrocytic anaemia, neurodevelopmental delay or regression, irritability, weakness, hypotonia, ataxia, apathy, tremor, and seizures. The diagnosis of vitamin B(12) deficiency can be difficult when the typical macrocytic anaemia is absent. We report the case of a 10-month-old female ...
Orbak Z - - 2007
At Ataturk University Hospital, eight infants who presented with hypocalcaemic seizures were subsequently found to have rickets. Their mothers had osteomalacia. Neither mothers nor infants received vitamin D supplementation. Maternal vitamin D deficiency and non-supplementation in the infants were causes of rickets in these patients. It is recommended that neonatal ...
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