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Salama Mostafa M - - 2010
This study was done to evaluate if nursing mothers of infants with rickets have vitamin D deficiency, and to evaluate the relationship between maternal vitamin D levels with hypocalcemic seizures in infants with rickets. We selected a cohort of breastfed infants with rickets. Infants were included in this study if ...
Shakiba M - - 2010
The present study was designed to compare two methods of vitamin D supplementation in infants: every two months as a routine vaccination versus a daily dose. A randomised clinical trial was performed on 120 healthy breastfed infants between January and September 2007 in Yazd, Iran. The infants were randomly divided ...
Mosalli Rafat - - 2010
Infants born to mothers with deficiency of vitamin D and/or calcium due to cultural modifications in their diets, life style and clothing habits, are at risk of developing early and fatal sequelae of hypocalcemic vitamin D deficiency. We present a 44-day-old infant with hypocalcemia secondary to congenital vitamin D deficiency, ...
Lombardi Francesca - - 2010
Vitamin B 12 deficiency is an uncommon disorder in infancy. Most cases are because of maternal deficiency resulting from insufficient storage and/or reduced intake and are generally seen in exclusively breast-fed infants. Accentuation of the hemolytic process has never been described in association with Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) infections. We ...
Banka Siddharth - - 2010
We report case of an infant who presented with failure to thrive and developmental delay at 4 months of age. He was diagnosed to have vitamin B12 deficiency and antibodies to intrinsic factor secondary to undiagnosed maternal pernicious anemia. The child was treated with hydroxocobalamin and now at 2 years ...
Hinton Cynthia F - - 2010
The incidence of neonatal vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency because of maternal deficiency was determined by surveying state newborn screening programs. Thirty-two infants with nutritional vitamin B12 deficiency were identified (0.88/100,000 newborns). Pregnant women should be assessed for their risk of inadequate intake/malabsorption of vitamin B12.
Rotondi Michael Anthony - - 2010
To assess the relationship between the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among pregnant women and the effect of neonatal vitamin A supplementation on infant mortality. Studies of neonatal supplementation with vitamin A have yielded contradictory findings with regard to its effect on the risk of infant death, possibly owing to heterogeneity between studies. ...
Tsutie Setsuko - - 2010
Weaning formulas served in hospitals and care facilities in Japan should conform to dietary reference intakes (DRIs). We examined whether the DRI for breastfed infants aged 6-11 months can be satisfied in dietary practice, with a particular focus on the fulfilment rates for vitamins, minerals, trace elements and electrolytes in ...
Kim Byung Gee - - 2010
Dilated cardiomyopathy, which mostly has an idiopathic etiology or is caused by genetic inheritance or infection, can cause irreversible congestive heart failure. Hypocalcemia is a rare etiology of reversible dilated cardiomyopathy. Here we report the case of a two-month-old girl with congestive heart failure who was diagnosed as having dilated ...
Merewood Anne - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine vitamin D status and associated factors in a cohort of newly delivered infants and their mothers in Boston, Massachusetts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Enrollment in this cross-sectional study took place from 2005 to 2007 in an urban Boston teaching hospital with 2500 births per year. A questionnaire and ...
Perrine Cria G - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: In November 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) doubled the recommended daily intake of vitamin D for infants and children, from 200 IU/day (2003 recommendation) to 400 IU/day. We aimed to assess the prevalence of infants meeting the AAP recommended intake of vitamin D during their first year ...
Casey Catherine F - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency in children can have adverse health consequences, such as growth failure and rickets. In 2008,the American Academy of Pediatrics increased its recommended daily intake of vitamin D in infants, children, and adolescents to 400 IU. Infants who are breastfed and children and adolescents who consume less than ...
Greer Frank R - - 2010
Relatively little is known about the vitamin K status and requirements in term and preterm infants, though hemorrhagic disease of the newborn infant continues to be a worldwide problem. This brief review of vitamin K metabolism, vitamin K dependent proteins, and the vitamin K cycle covers some new thoughts about ...
Liao X P - - 2010
This study compared bone status between Chinese and Caucasian infants at birth, showing that Chinese neonates have lower tibial speed of sound, which is influenced by gender, gestational age, season of birth, and maternal vitamin D status. The effects of these factors on fetal bone development were discussed. We compared ...
Luo Zheng-Xiu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency may increase the responsiveness of the respiratory tract and increase the risk of respiratory tract infection, resulting in airway obstruction and wheezing. This study aimed to investigate the relation between vitamin A deficiency and infant wheezing. METHODS: Three ml venous blood samples were collected from 331 ...
Clarke Paul - - 2010
Vitamin K is the most common 'drug' administered to babies born in the western world. For many decades vitamin K prophylaxis has been a routine treatment at birth for preterm infants. Despite universal use in preterm infants, very little work has been done to date to refine vitamin K dosage ...
Honzik Tomas - - 2010
Maternal vitamin B(12) (Cbl) deficiency causes nutritional Cbl deficiency in breastfed infants. To analyse clinical presentation and metabolic consequences in 40 breastfed infants with Cbl deficiency. Cbl levels in serum and breast milk were determined by an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, methylmalonic acid level by GC/MS, plasma homocysteine by HPLC and propionylcarnitine ...
Hay Gry - - 2010
Our aim in this longitudinal study was to determine predictors of folate and cobalamin status in infancy. Data were collected from 364 mother-infant pairs with blood measurements from pregnancy ( approximately 18 wk; n = 149), newborns (cord serum; n = 361), and 6-mo-old partially or exclusively breast-fed children (n ...
Incecik Faruk - - 2010
We report herein our interesting case series of 15 infants admitting with neurological symptoms who were found to have vitamin B12 deficiency. Infants who were admitted to our hospital between 2004 and 2007 with neurological symptoms and were found to have vitamin B12 deficiency were included in this study. Data ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2010
Preterm infants are at risk of periventricular haemorrhage. This can be a sign of brain damage that might lead to neurodevelopmental abnormalities, including cerebral palsy. It has been suggested that vitamin K might improve coagulation in preterm infants and thereby decrease the risk of periventricular haemorrhage. The objective of this ...
Oliveira-Menegozzo Julicristie M - - 2010
In vitamin A deficient populations, the amount of vitamin A may be insufficient for maintenance of maternal health and levels in breast milk may be insufficient for breastfeeding infants' needs. To assess the effects of postpartum maternal vitamin A supplementation on maternal and infant health. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy ...
Kim Mi-Jung - - 2010
We investigated the vitamin D status and the effect of vitamin D supplementation in Korean breast-fed infants. The healthy term newborns were divided into 3 groups; A, formula-fed; B, breast-fed only; S, breast-fed with vitamin D supplementation. We measured serum concentrations of vitamin D (25OHD3), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline ...
Wagner Carol L - - 2010
Objective. To examine the effectiveness of oral vitamin D(3) (400 IU) supplementation on the nutritional vitamin D status of breastfeeding infants. Design. As part of a larger ongoing vitamin D RCT trial of lactating women, infants of mothers assigned to control received 1 drop of 400 IU vitamin D(3)/day starting ...
Strehle E-M - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the acceptability and tolerability of the oral food supplement Neokay for the prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding in newborns. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 45 midwives in which they were asked 10 questions about their use of Neokay, ...
Taylor James A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of vitamin D supplementation in predominantly breastfed children. To identify patient characteristics, parental beliefs, and practitioner policies associated with supplementation. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in a practice-based research network. Network pediatricians completed a survey regarding their policy on vitamin D supplementation for ...
Chuansumrit Ampaiwan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in infants is a rare but serious worldwide problem, particularly in Southeast Asia. Apart from exclusive breast feeding, little is known of the maternofetal risk factors that predispose infants to VKDB. OBJECTIVES: To assess (a) the relationships between functional vitamin K insufficiency in a ...
Erdeve Omer - - 2009
Pregnant women with low B12 levels are unable to provide the necessary amount of this vitamin to their fetuses. The mothers are usually not anemic, and failure to thrive and neurologic deficits are more common in their infants than in megaloblastic anemia. We report the case of a newborn that ...
Dall'Agnola Alberto - - 2009
Ninety percent of premature babies has nutritional deficiency at discharge. It is very important that not only carbohydrates, proteins, fats, but also mineral salts, and vitamins are in quantities and adequate quality according to the needs of the various scientific neonatal and nutrition programs so as to avoid any shortcomings ...
Hussein Laila - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Cobalamin (B(12)) deficiency has been reported in infants born to mothers with low cobalamin intake. Early diagnosis of vitamin B(12) deficiency in infants is critical for the prevention of neurobehavioral disorders. We investigated the relationship between serum vitamin B(12) level in newborns and in their healthy mothers who consumed ...
Thatrimontrichai Anucha - - 2009
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of each additive [FeSO4, multivitamin (MTV), and vitamin E] on the postprandial osmolality of expressed breast milk (EBM) at 0, 30, 45 and 60 minutes. Babies born at Songklanagarind Hospital from 1 August, 2005 to 31 December, 2006 were studied; ...
Sharma S - - 2009
Maternal vitamin D deficiency is a significant public health issue. This retrospective multicentre audit was undertaken to identify the scale of maternal vitamin D deficiency in London, using infant vitamin D deficiency as a surrogate marker. During January 2006 to June 2008, 74 infants presented with symptomatic vitamin D deficiency, ...
Rosado J L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of micronutrient supplementation on growth may be modified by specific gastrointestinal parasite infections. METHODS: We carried out a double-blind placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of vitamin A and zinc supplementation on gastro-intestinal pathogen infections and growth among 584 infants in Mexico City. Children aged 5-15 months ...
Teaema Fathi Hassan - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency can develop very early in infancy, and be characterized by severe hypocalcemic symptoms. This study was done to determine the relation between symptomatic hypocalcemia and vitamin D deficiency in newborn infants and their mothers in the state of Qatar. This is a retrospective study for all newborns ...
Citak Funda Erkasar - - 2011
We report the case of a 7-month-old breast fed infant who presented with a nose bleed and bruises. Investigation showed severe nutritional B12 deficiency anemia with a pancytopenia. It is important to take the nutritional history of both the infant and the mother for early prevention and treatment.
Abu-Kishk Ibrahim - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Severe avitaminosis causing life-threatening conditions in the infantile age group is extremely uncommon and has been reported in babies with malabsorption receiving prolonged inadequate vitamin supplements. CASE REPORTS: We report two infants who presented with neurological deterioration. Immediate work-up and treatment for infectious and inborn metabolic disorders were initiated ...
Vanhaesebrouck Sophie - - 2009
PURPOSE: Brimonidine is a third-generation selective alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that lowers intraocular pressure by decreasing aqueous humor production and increasing uveoscleral flow. Its safety profile for children <2 years of age remains unknown. METHODS: We describe a case of ingestion of a single drop of brimonidine 0.2% in a newborn, ...
Zhang Xuan - - 2009
Information about the effect of antioxidant vitamins nutrition during pregnancy on offsprings intellectual development is extremely limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of antioxidant vitamins (Vitamin A, E and C) at delivery and the neurodevelopment of early childhood. METHOD: A total of 158 paired maternal-neonatal subjects were recruited. The serum ...
Demirel N - - 2009
A 4-day-old neonate presented with respiratory distress owing to chest wall deformity associated with metabolic bone disease. He was found to have congenital hyperparathyroidism and his mother was suffering from post-surgical hypoparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency. The patient was given calcium lactate and maintenance doses of vitamin D. The respiratory ...
Sherman Eric M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We surveyed military pediatricians and family physicians about barriers to vitamin D supplementation. METHODS: We obtained lists of uniformed members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and American Academy of Family Practice (AAFP). Three hundred individuals were randomly selected from each group and surveyed about: (1) practice habits; ...
Seth A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D nutrition has a profound effect on the development of an infant. Vitamin D status of mothers and their infants are closely correlated. While hypovitaminosis D has emerged as a significant public health problem across all age groups, there is limited information of this condition in lactating mothers ...
Saadi Hussein F - - 2009
Severe vitamin D deficiency in mothers and their breastfed infants is a significant health problem in the Middle East. Supplementation of the breastfed infant alone with the recommended dose of vitamin D may be insufficient in high-risk population. We investigated the effect of combined maternal and infant vitamin D supplementation ...
Neville Liza A - - 2009
AIMS: Screening enables early nutritional deficiencies to be detected in those with cystic fibrosis (CF). Although vitamin deficiency is considered unlikely in older subjects with normal vitamin E levels, few studies have determined vitamin D status at diagnosis and its relationship to other fat-soluble vitamins. METHODS: We reviewed vitamin levels ...
Yilmaz C - - 2009
The hospital records of 30 infants with a diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) due to late onset of vitamin K deficiency, seen during a 5-year period (2001-2005) were retrospectively evaluated. Signs and symptoms of the patients were convulsions (80%), poor sucking (50%), irritability (40%), vomiting (47%), acute diarrhea (33%), and ...
Tveden-Nyborg Pernille - - 2009
Scurvy, the rare but potentially mortal manifestation of severe and prolonged lack of vitamin C, is often confused with hypovitaminosis C, i.e. the mere definition of vitamin C deficiency. While the latter condition can be diagnosed in millions, the clinical consequences (if they exist) remain largely unknown, since only a ...
Mitchell Shannon M - - 2009
Osteopenia and rickets are common among extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW, <1000 g birth weight) despite current practices of vitamin and mineral supplementation. Few data are available evaluating the usual course of markers of mineral status in this population. Our objectives in this study were to determine the relationship ...
Taylor Sarah N - - 2008
How human milk as the ideal infant nutrition lacks vitamin D activity leading to the severe bony deformities and muscle weakness of rickets has stymied scientists and clinicians for centuries. Recent understanding of human vitamin D requirements based on functional indicators of vitamin D activity demonstrate that the majority of ...
Wagner Carol L - - 2008
Abstract Vitamin D has emerged from obscurity, and its effects on various organ systems throughout the body down to the cellular level are being discovered. What was once thought to be a simple hormone affecting only bone and calcium metabolism has shifted. We no longer see vitamin D as a ...
Scholl Theresa O - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency is beginning to be recognized as a public health problem. It is plausible that some portion of the lower Vitamin D levels which characterize minority populations is related to diet. AIMS: We examined and described total Vitamin D intake during pregnancy from the mean of three ...
Huang Ying-Jung - - 2009
Klebsiella pneumoniae type 3 fimbriae are encoded by mrkABCDF genes which produce the major pilin subunit MrkA, chaperone MrkB, outer membrane usher MrkC, adhesin MrkD and MrkF of unknown function, respectively. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the mrkF gene is contained within the mrk operon. Deletion of mrkF in K. pneumoniae ...
Van Winckel Myriam - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This review summarizes current knowledge on vitamin K for the paediatrician. Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, present in plants as phylloquinone and produced by bacteria as menaquinone. It is acting as a co-factor for gamma-glutamyl carboxylase. This enzyme is responsible for post-translational modification of some glutamate side chains ...
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