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Sasi Arun A Monash Newborn, Monash Children's, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
High flow nasal cannula therapy (HFNC) is an emerging method of non-invasive respiratory support therapy for premature infants. Recent evidence around its safety and efficacy for post-extubation respiratory support is encouraging. However, its effect on long-term respiratory outcomes is not known. The aim of this study is to determine the ...
Gelfand Amy A AA Department of Neurology, Division of Child Neurology, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), CA, USA Department of Neurology, Headache Center, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), CA, USA - - 2014
Infant colic is a common and distressing disorder of early infancy. Its etiology is unknown, making treatment challenging. Several articles have suggested a link to migraine. The objective of this article was to perform a systematic review and, if appropriate, a meta-analysis of the studies on the relationship between infant ...
Fabrizio Cecilia S CS Global Health Associates, Hong - - 2014
As stunting moves to the forefront of the global agenda, there is substantial evidence that behaviour change interventions (BCI) can improve infant feeding practices and growth. However, this evidence has not been translated into improved outcomes on a national level because we do not know enough about what makes these ...
Partridge J Colin JC Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, Center for Clinical and Policy Perinatal Research, University of California, San - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Resuscitation of infants at 23 weeks' gestation remains controversial; clinical practices vary. We sought to investigate the cost effectiveness of resuscitation of infants born 23 0/7-23 6/7 weeks' gestation. Design: Decision-analytic modeling comparing universal and selective resuscitation to non-resuscitation for 5176 livebirths at 23 weeks in a theoretic ...
González-Bermúdez Carlos A CA Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Regional Campus of International Excellence "Campus Mare Nostrum", University of Murcia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of adding different thickening agents (locust bean gum (LBG), modified corn and rice starches (MCS, MRS)) to an infant formula on both in vitro mineral availability (Ca, Fe and Zn), quantified by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS), and formula viscosity, after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion, was investigated. LBG was ...
Paech C C Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Leipzig-Heart Center, Leipzig, - - 2014
The use of dexamethasone in preterm infants developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia has been proven to be effective. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a frequently reported, although transient, side effect of high-dose dexamethasone administration. The recent introduction of very low dexamethasone dose, called 'Minidex', promised equal effectiveness compared to high-dose dexamethasone without relevant side ...
Chang Young Pyo YP Department of Pediatrics, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2014
The use of glucocorticoids (GCs) in the perinatal period is suspected of being associated with adverse effects on long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes for preterm infants. Repeated administration of antenatal GCs to mothers at risk of preterm birth may adversely affect fetal growth and head circumference. Fetal exposure to excess GCs during ...
Cho Hwa Jin HJ Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, South - - 2014
Congenital chylothorax is a rare condition, but it is the most common cause of pleural effusion in neonates and infants. Here, we report on the first trials of the intrapleural instillation of an extract of Viscum album (European mistletoe) (Abnobaviscum Q®) in two infants with congenital chylothorax that was refractory ...
Gizzi C C . - - 2014
Non invasive ventilation (NIV) is commonly used to treat RDS in preterm infants. Although less risky than invasive ventilation, NIV has some potential side effects and appropriate weaning is therefore desirable. However, criteria for the definition of stability prior to attempting NIV weaning as well as the best weaning strategies ...
Gargano G G . - - 2014
The aim of neonatal resuscitation is to establish an effective ventilation, avoiding lung damage. PEEP and T-piece use, as well as Sustained Lung Inflation, lower O2 target and appropriately timed surfactant administration analyzed. A new "gentle" respiratory approach in delivery room can improve newborn respiratory outcome.
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2013
The objective of this paper is to review observational studies that addressed the survival of pre-viable gestations in the United States. We searched PubMed, Ovid, CINAHL, and Web of Knowledge for studies reporting survival of infants born at <24 gestational weeks and/or <500g in the United States and published between ...
Bialkowski Anja - - 2013
Background Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil may be beneficial as a pulmonary vasodilator in CDH. Use of oral preparations of sildenafil may be restricted by feeding delays and intolerance. This study assessed ...
Takc─▒ Sahin S Division of Neonatology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Lamotrigine has been considered a safe new-generation antiepileptic drug during the perinatal period for both mothers and infants. Despite the concerns regarding its possible teratogenic effect, very limited data have been reported on the adverse effects of perinatal lamotrigine exposure. Herein, we report a case of an infant with hypotonicity ...
Vandeleest Jessica J - - 2013
Birth timing, a relative measure of the timing of births within a season, has been shown to be related to the ways mothers and infant interact as well as to infant behavior and physiology. Although effects of birth timing on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have previously been associated with variation ...
Powers Daniel A DA Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, United States. Electronic address: - - 2013
We investigate three interrelated sources of change in infant mortality rates over a 20year period using the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) linked birth and infant death cohort files. The effects of maternal age, maternal birth cohort, and time period of childbirth on infant mortality are estimated using a ...
Isaacs David - - 2013
Preterm infants are at increased risk of severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. The monoclonal antibody palivizumab reduces the frequency of preterm infants being admitted to hospital with RSV infection. However, palivizumab is expensive, has to be given by intramuscular injection monthly for 5 months and has to be given ...
Caicedo Alexander - - 2013
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are normally treated to avoid maternal complications. In this study we aimed to investigate if there was an effect of maternal HDP treatment on the cerebral autoregulation of the neonates by analysing measurements of mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) and rScO2 by means of correlation, ...
Maas A Janneke B M - - 2012
Research has shown that the early parent-infant relationship is of critical importance for children's developmental outcomes. While the effect of different settings on mother-infant interactive behavior is well studied, only few researchers systematically examined the effect of situational variables on mother-infant interaction. In the present study the effect of situational ...
Tran Lynn - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis is the most common gastrointestinal emergency in neonates. The etiology is considered multifactorial. Risk factors include prematurity, enteral feeding, hypoxia, and bacterial colonization. The etiologic role of viruses is unclear. We present a case of necrotizing enterocolitis associated with cytomegalovirus and Proteobacteria in a 48-day-old, ex-premature infant and ...
Papoff Paola - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Although international guidelines for hemodynamic support of pediatric septic shock suggest considering the potent calcium sensitizer inodilator levosimendan as a second-line inotropic agent to treat cold hypodynamic shock resistant to catecholamines, clinical experience in septic infants is lacking. We report the beneficial effects of levosimendan infusion in 2 infants ...
McGhee Katie E - - 2012
1. Adaptive maternal programming occurs when mothers alter their offspring's phenotype in response to environmental information such that it improves offspring fitness. When a mother's environment is predictive of the conditions her offspring are likely to encounter, such transgenerational plasticity enables offspring to be better-prepared for this particular environment. However, ...
Frankfurt Joshua A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Preterm very-low-birth-weight (PT-VLBW) infants are at risk of an elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) in infancy and adulthood; however, the pathogenesis remains unclear. Altered renal development or function may be associated with increased SBP, but their contribution in PT-VLBW is unknown. METHODS: We determined renal function and its relationship ...
Furth C - - 2012
To analyze the impact of functional magnetic resonance urography (fMRU) on the therapeutic management in infants with complex obstructive uropathy (OU) compared to the conventional diagnostic algorithm [CDA, ultrasound, radioisotope nephrography (RN)].Retrospective analysis on 10 consecutive infants [female, n=3; male, n=7; age, 10.7 (2-17) months] with OU. Patients were examined ...
Dame Christof - - 2012
Background: High-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rEpo) has first been administered in clinical trials for neuroprotection in very preterm neonates at high risk of brain injury and in (near-) term neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. However, recent trials in adults raised concerns about the safety of high-dose rEpo for neuro- and cardioprotection. ...
Zeng Guohua - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in infants (<3 years) with renal calculi. METHODS: From November 2005 to August 2010, 20 renal units with calculi in 19 infants (13 boys and 6 girls) were treated with PCNL at our institution. Mean age of infants was ...
Holberton James R - - 2012
Low superior vena cava (SVC) flow has been associated with intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in very preterm infants. We studied the diagnostic value of a single measurement of SVC flow within the first 24 h of life in very preterm infants and its association with occurrence or extension of IVH in a ...
Zeng Guohua - - 2012
The objective of the study is to compare the efficacy and safety of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) in treating renal stones sizing 15-25 mm in infants <3 years. Forty-six infants with renal stones sizing 15-30 mm were treated by either ESWL (22 renal units in 22 infants) using ...
Charlton Jennifer R - - 2012
Background:Low birth weight is associated with deficits in nephron number in the infant kidney and increased risk of adulthood hypertension and renal dysfunction. Urinary biomarkers may be potential indicators of renal reserve, but little is known about the influence of gestational and postnatal age on the expression of urinary proteins. ...
Hoseini Rozita - - 2012
Glomerular filtration rate is low in fetal and neonatal life. It increases after birth and reaches approximately 20 mL/min/1.73 m2 at 1 month of age in term and preterm neonates. Various methods have been used to measure glomerular filtration rate in neonates such as inulin clearance, creatinine clearance, and serum ...
Manzoni P - - 2012
Liposomal amphotericin B (LAMB) is frequently administered in NICU to preterm infants <1500 g at birth (VLBW) for treatment of systemic fungal infections (SFI). Concerns exist on safety and tolerability of such drug in patients who are at risk for renal function impairment due to their prematurity. To assess the ...
Quigley Raymond - - 2012
Although nephrogenesis in a term infant is complete, there are a number of functional changes that occur in the kidney as the infant matures. Understanding these changes will aid in the evaluation of neonates to delineate what is normal development versus a pathophysiologic problem. In addition, as many drugs are ...
Gokce Ibrahim - - 2012
AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of infants having antenatally detected urinary tract abnormalities (AUTAs) with respect to the presence of hydronephrosis in postnatal ultrasonography (US) examination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1999 and October 2009, 256 infants diagnosed with AUTAs were prospectively followed. Infants ...
Sharma Gyanendra - - 2012
PURPOSE: It is important to differentiate between those cases of prenatally detected hydronephrosis that are significant and those that are likely to resolve spontaneously. We evaluated the anteroposterior pelvic diameter of the renal pelvis postnatally in the supine and prone positions, and determined whether the difference between these 2 positions ...
Melo Batielhe F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are significant causes of morbidity. The aim of the study was to determine predictive factors of mortality in newborns with CAKUT. METHODS: All 29,653 consecutive newborns hospitalized in a tertiary neonatal unit between 1996 and 2006 were evaluated. The main ...
De Curtis Mario - - 2012
In pre- and post-natal period nutrition can influence the function of many organs, including the kidneys. Intrauterine growth restriction and low weight at birth are associated with reduced nephron number, a risk factor for later cardiovascular and renal diseases. The development of such adult diseases may be favored, in animals, ...
Merrikhi A R - - 2012
Considering the relation between prematurity andasphyxia and also renal failure in neonates, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of aminophyllinein urine and serum indices of renal failure and consequently its prevention, in Premature Infants with asphyxia in Esfahan-lran. In this descriptive clinical trial study, 22 preterm ...
Printza Nikoleta - - 2012
99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan is the golden standard for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis and renal scaring. We investigated the use of acute phase DMSA scan in infants presented promptly to the hospital because of the first episode of their febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). Ninety-eight infants with microbiologically confirmed ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Creatinine (Scr) reflects to a certain extent glomerular filtration rate in neonates, but postnatal observations also depends on the technique used to quantify Scr [Jaffe colorimetry or enzymatic quantification]. Methods: In an attempt to quantify differences between these techniques, we compared postnatal Scr trends in two consecutive cohorts ...
Pillow J Jane - - 2012
Instilled bolus surfactant is the only approved surfactant treatment for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. However, recent trends towards increased utilization of noninvasive respiratory support for preterm infants with surfactant deficiency have created a demand for a similarly noninvasive means of administering exogenous surfactant. Past approaches to surfactant nebulization met with ...
Younesi Rostami Mehdi - - 2012
Background. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has progressively acquired popularity as being the gold standard treatment for upper urinary tract lithiasis in infants since 1980. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of ESWL for kidney stones and the use of double-J stent in infants. Material and Methods. A prospective ...
Mannan M A - - 2012
The study was done to determine the renal function in preterm and term newborn infants in the neonatology unit of the Department of Paediatrics and Labour Ward of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during the period of February 2002 to February 2003. Sixty ...
Kato Osamu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare neonatal outcome between children born after vitrified versus fresh single-embryo transfer (SET). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, single-centre cohort study of 6623 delivered singletons following 29,944 single-embryo transfers. Patients underwent minimal ovarian stimulation/natural cycle IVF followed by SET of fresh or vitrified-warmed (using Cryotop, Kitazato) cleavage-stage embryos or blastocysts. ...
Milton M'Arimi - - 2011
To review research findings on the effects of DDT on body functions in vertebrates. The research was based on retrieval and critical review of relevant articles and abstracts cited in international and regional journals. The literature search was done on MedLine from the year 1975 to 2010. The analyses of ...
Chambers Georgina M - - 2011
To calculate cost savings to the Australian federal and state governments from the reduction in twin and triplet birth rates for infants conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) since 2002, and to determine the number of ART treatment programs theoretically funded by means of these savings. Costing model using data ...
Moon Christine - - 2011
Auditory perception and learning take place during the third trimester of gestation. Fetuses and newborns who lack typical auditory experience can go on to develop typical socioemotional attachment and language, given a supportive environment. For hospitalized preterm infants in developmentally sensitive neonatal intensive care units, detrimental effects of deviant early ...
Giustardi Arturo - - 2011
Mother-infant relationship has always interested researchers worldwide. This paper reviews the development of the concept of mother infant bonding through the years.
Kalra Suleena Kansal - - 2011
Singleton neonates born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) are at increased risk for low birth weight, preterm delivery, or both. We sought to assess whether the alteration of the peri-implantation maternal environment resulting from ovarian stimulation may contribute to increased risk of low birth weight in IVF births. The Society ...
Schrader Matthew - - 2012
Asymmetric sibling competition arises when siblings with different competitive abilities share a limited resource. Such competition occurs in species with postnatal parental care and may also occur when mothers provision embryos between fertilization and birth (matrotrophy). We hypothesized that the combination of matrotrophy and the simultaneous provisioning of embryos in ...
Mento Giovanni - - 2011
The recent application of neuroimaging techniques in the field of human cognitive development is providing the practical basis for researchers to face speculative queries that had been impossible to address before enabling them to respectively describe "how the brain is" and "how the brain works" at birth or even before. ...
Haman Maciej - - 2011
Carey focuses her theory on initial knowledge and Quinian bootstrapping. We reflect on developmental mechanisms, which can operate in between. Whereas most of the research aims at delimitating early cognitive mechanisms, we point at the need for studying their integration and mutual bootstrapping. We illustrate this call by referring to ...
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