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Results 301 - 350 of 688
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Kendell R E - - 2002
The birthweights of 450 schizophrenic patients born in 1971-1978 were compared with those of individually matched controls from the same birth cohort. Schizophrenics born in the second quarter of the year (April to June) had a significantly lower birthweight than their controls and this was not attributable to differences in ...
Cox Brian J - - 2002
Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate 2 multidimensional measures of perfectionism (R. O. Frost, P. Marten, C. Lahart, & R. Rosenblate, 1990; P. L. Hewitt & G. L. Flett, 1991). On a first-order level, support was found for Hewitt and Flett's (1991) original 3-factor conceptualization of perfectionism, although only ...
Ressayre Adrienne - - 2002
Pollen grains display a wide range of variation in aperture number and arrangement (pattern) in angiosperms. Apertures are well-defined areas of the pollen wall surface that permit pollen tube germination. For low aperture numbers, aperture patterns are characteristic of the major taxonomic divisions of angiosperms. This paper presents a developmental ...
Brown Gillian R - - 2002
Trivers and Willard hypothesized that vertebrates adaptively vary the sex ratio of their offspring in response to the mother's physical condition [Trivers, R. L. & Willard, D. (1973) Science 179, 90-92]. This hypothesis has produced considerable debate within evolutionary biology. Here we use meta-analysis techniques to evaluate claims that nonhuman ...
Mikulecky M - - 2002
Between October 6, 1997 and April 30, 1999, 5011 births (mean: 8.76 per day) were registered in the city of Passo Fundo, South Brazil. The sequence of 572 daily birth numbers was not random (iteration test). Neyman distribution (m = yen ) showed the best fit. Clusters of days with ...
Kirkpatrick Brian - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: An association between deficit schizophrenia and summer birth has previously been reported. Confirmation of a separate risk factor for this group of patients is potentially important, but the number of subjects with deficit schizophrenia in previous reports has been small. This analysis used data from an epidemiological study of ...
Gaughran Fiona - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Several authors have reported increased soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL2Ralpha) concentrations in schizophrenia. The aim of this work was to examine serum sIL2Ralpha in the first degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: We sampled 51 first degree relatives of patients with DSM IIIR schizophrenia. These relatives were unaffected ...
Manning J T - - 2002
There is evidence that the ratio of the length of the 2nd and 4th digit (2D:4D) is negatively related to prenatal and adult concentrations of testosterone. It has also been reported that high levels of testosterone at conception in both fathers and mothers are associated with an increased sex ratio ...
Nelson E A S - - 2002
Incidence for rotavirus and intussusception was estimated from standardized discharge data for all Hong Kong government hospitals (1997 to 1999). Intussusception incidence in infants (78 to 100 of 100,000) was relatively high. The distinct winter seasonality of rotavirus was not evident for intussusception. During the first 5 years of life ...
Takahashi Hiroyuki - - 2002
This study examined the onset of estrus, nutritional conditions during the mating season, and female reproductive parameters in a troop of unprovisioned Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata fuscata). The mean interbirth interval (IBI) was 25.1 mo, suggesting a 2-yr birth cycle. The mean IBI following the death of an infant before ...
Chotai Jayanti - - 2002
Separate studies on adults, including those in suicidology and another regarding personality in the general population, have indicated associations with their season of birth. We analyse each of these studies by multiple nonlinear regression employing a cosine function for the month of birth, and compare these studies regarding the birth ...
Danubio M E - - 2002
Natality rates and seasonality of births and conceptions were analyzed from 6,116 birth records in the pastoral community of Roio (Abruzzo, Italy) from 1802 to 1965. Gross natality rates averaged 25.5 x 1000 in the past, lower than those reported for agricultural groups. Seasonality of births showed a marked pattern: ...
Cahill Matthew - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between prenatal exposure to poliovirus infection and later development of schizophrenia or affective psychosis in a Southern Hemisphere psychiatric register. METHODS: We calculated rates of poliomyelitis cases per 10 000 background population and rates for schizophrenia(n = 6078) and affective psychosis (n = 3707)per 10 ...
Laron Zvi - - 2002
The fast increase in the incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) that cannot be explained by changes in the genetic susceptibility, led us to look for environmental causes. To test the hypothesis that the initiation of the autoimmune process of childhood T1DM in genetically susceptible subjects begins in ...
Tatsumi Masahiko - - 2002
A number of North American and European studies have observed a higher proportion of winter births in schizophrenia patients. Fewer studies have investigated this issue in Asian populations, and the findings are not as consistent as in the studies of Western populations. A statistically significant excess of winter births has ...
Onuma Manabu - - 2002
Fecal estradiol concentrations were measured in three captive unmated female sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) from August 1998 to July 1999 in Sarawak, Malaysia and vaginal smears from one of the females was observed in August 1998 and March 1999. A single peak in fecal estradiol concentration was obvious for each ...
McGrath John - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Based on the well-described excess of schizophrenia births in winter and spring, we hypothesised that individuals with schizophrenia (a) would be more likely to be born during periods of decreased perinatal sunshine, and (b) those born during periods of less sunshine would have an earlier age of first registration. ...
Fritzsche Markus - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Clusters by season and locality reveal a striking epidemiological overlap between sporadic schizophrenia and multiple sclerosis (MS). As the birth excesses of those individuals who later in life develop schizophrenia mirror the seasonal distribution of Ixodid ticks, a meta analysis has been performed between all neuropsychiatric birth excesses including ...
Wexler Joan - - 2002
In an essay published in 1988, "Psychoanalysis in Search of Nature: Thoughts on Metapsychology, Metaphysics, Projection," Hans Loewald animates both psychoanalysis and nature in their dynamic relation, one to the other. He recapitulates many of his earlier ideas about how the mind of the child "comes into being" in the ...
Côté Karine - - 2002
We investigated whether birth order and birth interval are associated with phallometric responding among 168 sex offenders. Based on the immunoreactivity hypothesis, we predicted that a larger number of older brothers and a shorter birth interval between the offenders and their next older brothers would be associated with more deviant ...
Smallwood Steve - - 2002
A greater understanding of past, present and future trends in fertility can be gained from analysing trends in birth order; that is whether a birth is a first, second, third or higher order birth. However, under current legislation, birth order information is not collected at registration for births outside marriage ...
Fritzsche Markus - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Being born in winter and spring is considered one of the most robust epidemiological risk factors for schizophrenia. The aetiology and exact timing of this birth excess, however, has remained elusive so far. Since during phylogeny, Borrelia DNA has led to multiple germ-line mutations within the CB1 candidate gene ...
Moore S E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We previously showed that mortality from infectious diseases among young adults in rural Gambia is strongly correlated with the season of their birth. This suggests that early life insults that involve fetal malnutrition, exposure to natural toxins, or highly seasonal infections affecting the infant or pregnant mother cause permanent ...
Koziel S - - 2001
The goal of this study was to investigate the relation of birth order to relative weight and prevalence of obesity in a group of 13-15 years old girls. In 1997, 1458 girls were examined. The height and weight measured by trained staff were recorded. Family size and birth order were ...
Bostanian N J - - 2001
Hyaliodes vitripennis (Say) is a univoltine indigenous predacious mirid. It has been reported in several orchards where IPM programmes are used. It is a generalist, and feeds on phytophagous mites in addition to other arthropods. In Quebec, a foliar application of imidacloprid, deltamethrin or lambda-cyhalothrin is used at least once ...
Dalman C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found an association between obstetric complications and schizophrenia, but in many studies the sample size was limited, and no assessment of specific exposures was possible. AIMS: To assess the role of different complications, and in particular to distinguish between disordered foetal development and hypoxia at birth. ...
Opler M G - - 2001
Both epidemiological findings and clinical observations and have shaped our thinking as regards to the neuropathology of schizophrenia. Epidemiological findings implicating environmental risk factors, including maternal dietary deficiency and urban birth place, suggest schizophrenia is a developmental disorder, whereas clinical observations gave rise to the "dopamine hypothesis." Epidemiological findings lead ...
Tek C - - 2001
Patients with deficit schizophrenia differ from other people with schizophrenia relative to course of illness, treatment response, and neurobiological correlates. An association between deficit schizophrenia and summer birth, in contrast to the winter birth risk factor associated with schizophrenia as a whole, has also been reported. We attempted to replicate ...
Carbonell-Estrany X - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To collect data on hospitalization rates for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) illness during the season of 1999 to 2000 in nonprophylaxed premature infants < or = 32 weeks gestational age (GA) in Spain and compare this with previously published data collected in the season of 1998 to 1999. METHODS: ...
Eagles J M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with anorexia nervosa exhibit an abnormal pattern in their season of birth. METHOD: Case records of female patients presenting to secondary services in Northeast Scotland from 1965 to 1997 who received a clinical diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were examined. The months of birth of the ...
Hellenbrand W - - 2001
The epidemiology of Q fever in Germany was examined by reviewing relevant studies since 1947 and by analyzing available surveillance data since 1962. The average annual Q fever incidence nationwide from 1979 to 1989 was 0.8 per million and from 1990 to 1999, 1.4 per million. The mean annual incidence ...
Bales K - - 2001
We examined the effects of several variables on the number of live births in multiparous females in a wild population of golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Independent variables included the number of infants born to a female the previous breeding season, the number of infants weaned the previous breeding season, ...
Yoshimura T - - 2001
Sex ratios in the offspring of those affected by dioxins or dioxin-like compounds have been reported from Seveso, Italy and Yucheng, Taiwan. The sex ratio of live births in Yusho, Japan after a similar accidental massive exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in 1968 are reviewed. Data ...
Sandland G J - - 2001
Annual, seasonal, and interlake variation in prevalence and intensity of Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus (Faust) metacercariae was assessed in populations of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) collected from 4 lakes in north-central Alberta. Mean metacercariae intensity in young-of-the-year minnows varied extensively (5-123 metacercariae/host) among year, month, and lakes. In 2 of the lakes, ...
Haukka J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether there is regional variation in the incidence of schizophrenia and if so. whether it is caused by urban-rural differences, larger spatial clustering, or both. To control for the effect of migration, we examined regional variation in the incidence according to place of birth. METHODS: Finnish birth ...
Xu X - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the seasonal growth patterns in Shanghai infants, to explore seasonal time lag between weight gain and length gain, and to investigate the long-term effect of birth season on early postnatal growth. DESIGN: Community-based longitudinal study. SETTING: Shanghai, People's Republic of China. METHOD: Children were followed up monthly ...
Bobak M - - 2001
The number of births varies markedly by season, but the causes of this variation are not well understood. The proposed explanations include temperature or photoperiod (affecting hormonal concentrations, sperm quality or sexual activity), seasonal variation in pregnancy loss, or cultural factors. In this paper we examined whether birth seasonality is ...
Blackwell S C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the incidence of pregnancies complicated by meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) or meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) differs with seasonal changes. METHODS: An established perinatal database was used to identify all term (> or = 37 weeks) singleton gestations resulting in a live birth from January 1, 1997 ...
Adamczewsk A M - - 2001
With the arrival of the monsoonal rains and after months of inactivity during the dry season, the terrestrial crab Gecarcoidea natalis embarks on its annual breeding migration to the coast. The physiological demands of the migration were assessed by determining respiratory gases in the hemolymph, key metabolites, and energy stores ...
Ragusa-Netto J - - 2001
I studied the existence of sentinels in Saltator atricollis in a 'campo-cerrado' (Brazilian savanna) during the breeding seasons of 1994-95 and 1995-96. Groups of this species consisted of two to seven birds (N = 25). Sentinels were present (mean +/- sd) 62% +/- 9% of the time, and most sentinel ...
Smits L J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported associations between season of birth and reproductive characteristics such as menarcheal age, fecundability, and twinning, but the results are inconsistent with respect to the location of high- and low-risk seasons. To assess whether this disagreement could be due to the use of populations from different ...
Zachos J C - - 2001
Spectral analyses of an uninterrupted 5.5-million-year (My)-long chronology of late Oligocene-early Miocene climate and ocean carbon chemistry from two deep-sea cores recovered in the western equatorial Atlantic reveal variance concentrated at all Milankovitch frequencies. Exceptional spectral power in climate is recorded at the 406-thousand-year (ky) period eccentricity band over a ...
Noireau F - - 2001
Nutritional status relating to flight activity was investigated in natural populations of Triatoma sordida and T. guasayana during the dry season in the Bolivian Chaco. The peak flight activity of both species was unimodal and covered the period 61-180 min after sunset. The weight of insects was used as the ...
de Messias E L - - 2001
Winter birth has been shown to increase the risk of schizophrenia in adult life. It has been hypothesized that this effect is due to seasonal variation in infectious diseases, including influenza, as exposure to influenza during mid gestation also increases the risk of schizophrenia. However, in many areas there is ...
McDonald C - - 2001
One of the most consistent epidemiological findings in schizophrenia research is the small excess of late winter/early spring births. There is also evidence that schizophrenia is associated with urban birth and with later birth order. One interpretation of these three findings is that respiratory viral infections brought into the household ...
Fellman J - - 2001
A knowledge of the seasonal variation in births and deaths during normal years is important for analyses of the effects of wars, famines, epidemics or similar privations on these two variables. In studies of seasonality, multiple trigonometric regression models are more flexible than the simple sine curve. The seasonal variation ...
Doblhammer G - - 2001
Month of birth influences adult life expectancy at ages 50+. Why? In two countries of the Northern Hemisphere-Austria and Denmark-people born in autumn (October-December) live longer than those born in spring (April-June). Data for Australia show that, in the Southern Hemisphere, the pattern is shifted by half a year. The ...
Meehl P E - - 2001
Having shown taxometrically that there exists a hypohedonic schizotypal taxon in a college population, J. J. Blanchard, S. W. Gangestad, S. A. Brown, and W. P. Horan (2000) suggested that P. E. Meehl erred in revising his 1962 theory by postulating a normal-range individual differences variable of hedonic capacity that ...
Wahlbeck K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nutritional factors in early life may contribute to the neurodevelopmental deficit in schizophrenia. This study explores the influence of maternal body size, size at birth, and childhood growth on future risk for schizophrenia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This population-based cohort study comprised births at Helsinki University Central Hospital in Helsinki, ...
Nakagawa N - - 2000
The patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Kala Maloue, Cameroon, have their birth season in the mid-dry season, whereas closely related, sympatric tantalus monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops tantalus) have their birth season in the wet season. To evaluate the optimality of a species-specific birth season, I estimated the daily intake of available ...
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