Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 714
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Chadee D D - - 2007
Between January 2002 and December 2004, a population-based study on the effects of climate and mosquito indices on the incidences of dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) was conducted in Trinidad, West Indies. The incidence of DF was 5.05 cases/1000 population in 2002, largely as the result of ...
Graf N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The first months of life may represent a vulnerable period in the development of atopic diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the month of birth and the development of birch and grass pollen allergy in the Swiss population. METHODS: Data from the Swiss ...
Marshall Dustin J - - 2007
Intraspecific variation in offspring size is of fundamental ecological and evolutionary importance. The level of provisioning an organism receives from its mother can have far reaching consequences for subsequent survival and performance. In marine systems, the traditional focus was on the remarkable variation in offspring size among species but there ...
McGrath John - - 2007
Birth weight and length have seasonal fluctuations. Previous analyses of birth weight by latitude effects identified seemingly contradictory results, showing both 6 and 12 monthly periodicities in weight. The aims of this paper are twofold: (a) to explore seasonal patterns in a large, Danish Medical Birth Register, and (b) to ...
Calmet M - - 2006
In judo, making the opponent uncertain requires the mastery of several throws in 3 or 4 different directions and a firm grasp to secure the throw. The system of attacks for 28 judoka (18 men, 10 women) during their 185 respective matches over the competition season of 2001-2002 was analyzed. ...
Onyiriuka A N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship, if any, between the geographical season in which a baby is born and the baby's birth weight and sex. METHODS: The birth weights and sexes of 6141 babies delivered over a five- year period in a Nigerian mission hospital were prospectively recorded according to the ...
Gallagher Bernard J BJ - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia includes the etiological impact of fetal brain stressors possibly connected with birth seasonality. Specification of social class of origin (SES) as a related risk factor remains unexamined as does type of schizophrenia as an outcome variable. The objective of this study was to test ...
Lee S J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study included a systematic review of the countries in which a seasonal pattern of preterm birth has been reported and an analysis on the seasonal variability of preterm birth in a London-based cohort. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Eighteen maternity units in a London health region ...
Messias Erick - - 2006
Although the association of schizophrenia and winter birth has been replicated many times in the Northern hemisphere, studies in the Southern hemisphere have been less consistent in their findings. A study from NE Brazil indicated the period between May and July, 3 months after the peak in rainfall, as a ...
Wang Yi - - 2006
The contents of ginsenosides in Panax ginseng not only vary in different parts of the root, but also exhibit yearly variation. In this study, an HPLC-MS method was established in order to simultaneously analyse ginsenosides Rb1, Rb2, Rb3, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg1 and Rg2. The concentration of ginsenosides in ...
Chotai Jayanti - - 2006
An earlier study has shown significant differences in the CSF monoamine metabolite levels in adults born during different seasons of the year. We study here the relationship between season of birth and CSF monoamine metabolite levels in 283 newborn febrile infants without neurological abnormalities, with an age distribution ranging from ...
de Figueiredo R A - - 2007
Data on flowering phenology and pollination of Peperomia species are virtually non-existent. This study presents data on the pollination biology of eight Peperomia species from south-eastern Brazil, including the flowering phenology, pollination system, and reproductive success. Data on flowering phenology were recorded weekly and exclusion experiments on inflorescences provided data ...
Benyi K - - 2006
Effects of genetic and environmental factors on pre-weaning and post-weaning growth were studied in West African crossbred sheep. Effects of lamb genotype (7/8 Sahelian-1/8 Djallonké, 3/4 Sahelian-1/4 Djallonké and 1/2 Sahelian-1/2 Djallonké; hereafter denoted 7/8Sa, 3/4Sa and 1/2Sa, respectively), parity, type of birth, sex of lamb and year-season of lambing ...
Kanková S - - 2007
The boy-to-girl ratio at birth (secondary sex ratio) is around 0.51 in most populations. The sex ratio varies between societies and may be influenced by many factors, such as stress and immunosuppression, age, primiparity, the sex of the preceding siblings and the socioeconomic status of the parents. As parasite infection ...
Pfaff Jon J - - 2006
We examined the relationship between season of birth and depressive and suicidal symptoms among 859 elderly outpatients. Date and country of birth were recorded for each participant. Those in utero during the Northern or Southern Hemisphere flu peak were expected to show the highest depressive and suicidal symptoms. Hypotheses were ...
Mongrain Valérie - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of season of birth and photoperiod at birth on diurnal preference in young adults. Participants were 1591 volunteers aged 17-35 years (69% women). The scores obtained on the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) of Horne and Ostberg were first assessed as ...
Jordaan Esmè - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Seasonality of birth, more specifically winter/spring births, has been implicated as a risk factor for the development of schizophrenia. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether schizophrenia patients of Xhosa ethnicity born in autumn/winter have different symptom profiles to those born in spring/summer. The secondary aim ...
Hsu Chuan-Yu - - 2006
Many woody perennials, such as poplar (Populus deltoides), are not able to form flower buds during the first several years of their life cycle. They must undergo a transition from the juvenile phase to the reproductive phase to be competent to produce flower buds. After this transition, trees begin to ...
Stark Harri - - 2007
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important biological mediator with a variety of cellular and tissue functions. Fractional exhaled (FE(NO)) and nasal NO (FN(NO)) are known to be altered in several respiratory tract disease and disorders. However, there are rather few studies into the reproducibility of FE(NO) or FN(NO) measurements in ...
Fulford Anthony J C - - 2006
We have developed a methodology for comparing the seasonal influences on two outcomes, when those influences may act cumulatively or instantaneously. We have used this to compare the seasonal pattern of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR, as reflected by weight-for-gestational-age) and preterm delivery (as assessed by Dubowitz scoring) among 1718 infants ...
Morris Alan G - - 2006
Little has been described of the Holocene populations of South-Central Africa, despite the region demonstrating major subsistence shifts relating to dispersals of agriculturalists at least 2,000 years ago. Seven sites with associated human skeletal remains were selected. Hora, Chencherere, Fingura, and Mtuzi represent the Middle Holocene (2,000-5,000 years ago), and ...
Mino Yoshio - - 2006
Although most Western studies have found a birth excess during winter or early spring among patients with schizophrenia, this has not been found in Japanese samples. The purpose of the present paper was to investigate this finding using a large Japanese sample. Distributions of monthly birth numbers of patients with ...
Midega J T - - 2006
The pupal/demographic-survey methodology was evaluated in three coastal areas (one urban, one peri-urban and one rural) of Malindi district, Kenya, in attempts to identify the types of domestic container that are most productive for Aedes aegypti (L.) pupae. The results demonstrated the practicality and consistency of the methodology, as a ...
Simpson V R - - 2006
Postmortem examinations were carried out on 379 otters found dead in southern and south-west England between 1988 and 2003. Most (81 per cent) were road casualties, but many had open bite wounds and in some cases these had proved fatal. Mortality was strongly seasonal and was positively correlated with night ...
Vaughan G - - 2006
We present in this paper fifteen years' measurements, from March 1991 to September 2005, of stratospheric NO2 vertical columns measured by a SAOZ zenith-sky visible spectrometer. The instrument spent most of its time at Aberystwyth, Wales, with occasional excursions to other locations. The data have been analysed with the WinDOAS ...
Montali Elisa - - 2006
A palynological study was carried out on 28 corpses brought in one year (June 2003-May 2004) to the morgue of the Institute of Legal Medicine of Parma (Northern Italy). This preliminary research focuses on the date of death, which was known for all corpses examined. Pollen sampling and analyses were ...
Tremlett Helen L - - 2006
We investigated the influence of season and birth month on sustained progression to Expanded Disability Status Scale 6 (requires a cane) through a database review of 2,319 definite multiple sclerosis (MS) patients followed for a mean 19.3 years, until July 2003 in British Columbia, Canada. The season of birth had ...
de Vis Raf Michaël Julien - - 2006
Rubber pest mites, Calacarus heveae and Tenuipalpus heveae, reach economic damage levels at the end of the rainy season and the beginning of the dry season in Brazil. Therefore, low humidity adaptation might be an important characteristic for predatory mites to successfully control pest organisms. This study determined the effect ...
Polasek Ozren - - 2006
Proportion of males at birth (commonly referred to as the sex ratio) has been investigated for countries of former Yugoslavia that were affected by the 1991-1995 wars. Number of live births for Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina with Serbian Republic, and Serbia and Montenegro were obtained from the official vital ...
Sokoloff Dmitry - - 2006
Terminal flower-like structures (TFLS) occur in many angiosperms that possess indeterminate inflorescences such as spikes, racemes, or spadices. We describe and review TFLS in early-divergent angiosperms, especially the magnoliid order Piperales and the monocot order Alismatales, in which floral interpretation is controversial. Essentially similar TFLS occur in a wide range ...
Kubiak Katarzyna - - 2006
Common European ticks, Ixodes ricinus, have been found in forest areas situated within the boundaries of big cities, and in areas changed by anthropogenic pressure. Monitoring I. ricinus, in the areas used by the public for recreation and leisure, makes it possible to assess the risk of infection with the ...
Koch H J - - 2006
Seasonal distribution of birth rates was only recently described in patients with high-grade gliomas. We analyzed 501 cases from the database of a Regional Cancer Center in Bavaria to assess annual periodicity in the birth dates of glioma patients. Prior to analysis, the number of births per month was normalized ...
Renfree Marilyn B - - 2006
Marsupials give birth to an undeveloped altricial young after a relatively short gestation period, but have a long and sophisticated lactation with the young usually developing in a pouch. Their viviparous mode of reproduction trades placentation for lactation, exchanging the umbilical cord for the teat. The special adaptations that marsupials ...
Biedrzycki O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Seasonal variation in the incidence of and mortality from myocardial infarction (MI) has been well recognised for many years. Haemopericardium (HP) is usually a fatal complication of MI. No data exist in the literature with regard to the seasonal variation in mortality from HP. AIMS: To perform a necropsy ...
Robinson Susan E - - 2006
The accuracy of predicting disease occurrence using epidemic models relies on an understanding of the system or population under investigation. At the time of the Foot and Mouth disease (FMD) outbreak of 2001, there were limited reports in the literature as to the cattle population structure in Britain. In this ...
Simon Andor E - - 2006
The ability to detect individuals at high risk for developing schizophrenia before they express the disease will lead to targeted early intervention. It has been proposed that subjects at risk share a core deficit with people who already have schizophrenia. This includes cognitive impairment, affective symptoms, social isolation and decline ...
Valera M - - 2006
The length of gestation in Andalusian, or Spanish Purebred (SPB) and Arabian (AB) mares reared in Spain was analysed, based on 766 spontaneous full-term deliveries appertaining to 141 mares of SPB breed and 72 mares of AB breed in 31 breeding seasons. The data were obtained from the Yeguada Militar ...
Stein Paul D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Varying observations have been made on seasonal differences of mortality from acute pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: The number of deaths each year from PE, from 1980 through 1998, based on death certificates, was obtained from the US National Center for Health Statistics Multiple Cause-of-Death Files. RESULTS: Acute PE as ...
Sušić, Velimir; Department of ...
The aim of the study was to determine whether lambs born in different seasons manifest a difference in birth weight and mortality rate. All year-round mating of Merinolandschaf ewes was used based on the natural occurrence of oestrus in different months of the year. The lambing seasons were grouped after ...
McGrath John J - - 2006
The 'season of birth' effect is one of the most consistently replicated associations in schizophrenia epidemiology. In contrast, the association between season of birth and development in the general population is relatively poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of season of birth on various ...
Edgar Susan - - 2005
In many competitive sports, the use of a cut-off date for junior competition has been associated with a skewed birth date distribution in junior and senior players. The International Tennis Federation uses a junior competition year that commences on 1 January. The purpose of the current investigation was to describe ...
Rock Daniel - - 2006
Despite implicating the same biological systems, the relationship between suicide seasonality and season-of-birth has not been examined previously. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between season-of-birth and the seasonality of suicidal behaviour. All adult suicides (N = 2923) and deliberate self harm (DSH) hospitalizations (N = ...
Morbey Yolanda E - - 2005
Any useful evolutionary theory of senescence must be able to explain variation within and among natural populations and species. This requires a careful characterization of age-specific mortality rates in nature as well as the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence these rates. We perform this task for two populations of ...
Ducrot Christian - - 2005
A spatio-temporal analysis was carried out to see how the risk distribution of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in France changed depending on the period of birth. The data concerned the 539 BSE cases born in France after the ban (BAB) of meat and bone meal (MBM) in 1990 and detected ...
Peña-Mendoza B - - 2005
The reproductive season of tilapia was studied by monthly samplings at Emiliano Zapata dam, Morelos State, Mexico. From February 1999 through February 2000 a sample of 50 fish was taken from the commercial catch (castnet, 6.5 cm of mesh size). The observed sex ratio was 1:1.29 (females:males) (chi(2)=10.26; p<0.05). The ...
McGrath John J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Birth weight is known to fluctuate with month of birth and with latitude; however the mechanisms underlying these gradients remain unclear. AIM: The study examined within-year fluctuations in birth weight across four regions in Australia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We obtained the birth weight of singleton births of at least ...
Li Wen Xiang - - 2005
Seasonal population dynamics of the digenean Phyllodistomum pawlovskii in the urinary bladder of the bullhead catfish, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco, were investigated in Liangzi Lake in the flood plain of the Yangtze River in China from February 2001 to July 2002. The overall prevalence of the parasite was high, 41.5% (n = ...
Sotgiu Stefano - - 2006
Study results from different geographical areas provide some circumstantial evidence that, when compared with the general population, people who later in life develop multiple sclerosis (MS) have a pattern of birth excess numbers in spring and late summer, which may disclose an association with MS-predisposing environmental agents. To identify the ...
Cagnacci Angelo - - 2005
When gender of 9,284 single fetuses, which were delivered at term in the Policlinic of Modena between 1997-2001, was stratified for month of conception and for quartiles of pregravid maternal weight, it showed that the ratio of male to female fetuses (secondary sex ratio) was characterized by a clear seasonal ...
McGrath John J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Birth weight is known to fluctuate with season of birth, however, there is little information about seasonal variation in neonatal anthropometric measures. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine seasonal fluctuations in birth weight and selected anthropometric measures. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The birth weight of singletons ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >