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Garfinkle Jarred J Division of Pediatric Neurology, Montreal Children's Hospital-McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2011
To identify independent prognostic indicators and design a predictive scoring system for neurodevelopmental outcome for term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizures. Retrospective analysis of 120 term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizures between July 1991 and June 2007 in a single academic pediatric neurology practice. Logistic regression analysis was ...
Zhang Yang - - 2011
Speech scientists have long proposed that formant exaggeration in infant-directed speech plays an important role in language acquisition. This event-related potential (ERP) study investigated neural coding of formant-exaggerated speech in 6-12-month-old infants. Two synthetic /i/ vowels were presented in alternating blocks to test the effects of formant exaggeration. ERP waveform ...
Torche Florencia - - 2010
Research suggests a relationship between birth weight and season of birth, but findings vary across countries and underlying factors are not well understood. We examine the seasonality of birth weight and explore alternative hypotheses for its etiology-exposure to environmental factors and varying socioeconomic composition of mothers-in Chile. Birth weight of ...
Mutlu Akmer - - 2010
This study was performed to assess the neurological status of high-risk infants by "general movements" (GMs) method and to compare it with the findings of standard clinical neurological examination and neuroimaging findings during the early rehabilitation period. Neurodevelopmental examination was performed by a neonatologist at the corrected ages of 40 ...
Aberle Judith H - - 2010
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a major cause of respiratory tract illness in young children and causes annual outbreaks in winter and spring seasons. We evaluated the subgroups of HMPV that caused annual outbreaks and its seasonal occurrence during a 21-year period. Real-time PCR was used for detection of HMPV in ...
McEniry Mary - - 2011
The increasing prevalence of heart disease and diabetes among aging populations in low and middle income countries leads to questions regarding the degree to which endogenous early life exposures (exposures in utero) are important determinants of these health conditions. We devised a test using infant mortality (IMR) to verify if ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2010
Seasonal aggregation and the monthly rate of neonatal transient hyperthyrotropinemia (THT) were assessed. From November 1998 to April 2005, neonates of gestational age ≥37 wks, birth weight 2500-4000 g, birth length 45-55 cm, and 1st min Apgar score >3, who had thyrotropin (TSH) ≥20 mU/L in their cord dried-blood specimen, but ...
Wittenburg D - - 2011
Reduction in the variability of piglet birth weight within litter and increased piglet survival are key objective in schemes aiming to improve sow prolificacy. In previous studies, variation in birth weight was described by the sample standard deviation of birth weights within one litter, and the genetic impact has been ...
Reijnders Peter J H - - 2010
The annual reproductive cycle of most seal species is characterized by a tight synchrony of births. Typically, timing of birth shows little inter-annual variation. Here, however we show that harbour seals Phoca vitulina from the Wadden Sea (southeast North Sea) have shortened their yearly cycle, moving parturition to earlier dates ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Paternal characteristics have never been considered in the relation between maternal schizophrenia and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of our study was to consider different paternal ages while investigating the relation between maternal schizophrenia and low birth weight (LBW), using a nationwide population-based dataset. METHOD: Our study used data ...
Verropoulou Georgia - - 2010
This study uses micro-level information on the live births registered in Greece for 2006 to assess differentials in the propensity to have a male offspring between natives and immigrants. The sex ratio at birth for the whole population is 106.3 but it is considerably higher among immigrants (110.9) than among ...
Dey Shuvra Kanti - - 2010
A total of 6231 fecal specimens collected from infants and children with gastroenteritis in 7 different regions of Japan during 1995 to 2007 were examined for norovirus. Norovirus was detected in 779 patients (12.5%) and norovirus activity peak in the winter season (November to January) during 1995 to 2007. During ...
Jewell Jennifer S - - 2010
To determine whether season of infant birth or amount of daylight at time and location of birth is a risk factor for self-reported postpartum depression (PPD). The primary hypothesis was that the prevalence of PPD will peak during the darkest winter months. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using the Pregnancy ...
Dey Shuvra K - - 2010
A total of 10,917 fecal specimens from infants and children with gastroenteritis in seven different regions of Japan in the last 3 decades were examined for rotavirus. We observed that the rotavirus peak shifted gradually from January to April (winter to early spring) during 17 seasons and the G1P[8] combination ...
Martínez-Contreras Jorge - - 2010
Since his visit to Tierra del Fuego in the 1830s, Darwin had been fascinated by the "savages" that succeeded in surviving on such a "broken beach", and because they were certainly similar in behaviour to our ancestors. However, he was also fascinated by baboons' behaviour, according to Brehm's accounts: hamadryas ...
Bayes Hannah K - - 2010
Development of multiple sclerosis (MS) is believed to result from interplay of genes and environmental factors, which may be anticipated to act in a seasonal manner. Scotland has the highest prevalence of MS in the world. We aimed to determine if risk of multiple sclerosis is associated with season of ...
Salzer J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) by month of birth in Sweden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases (n = 9361) were obtained from the Swedish MS Registry. All births in Sweden 1900-2007 served as controls (n = 12,116,853). The risk of MS was analyzed for each month of ...
Rosadio R - - 2010
Histopathological analysis of 108 intestine samples (103 grossly affected ileum and 5 jejunum) taken from Clostridium-induced neonatal alpaca (Vicugna pacos) enterotoxemia mortalities collected in the Departments of Arequipa, Puno and Cusco of southern Peru during the 2005-2008 birth seasons (January-March), revealed the presence of large numbers of both asexual and ...
Takao Motoharu - - 2009
Two research groups reported that diurnal preference in Canadian and South European populations was modulated by the season of birth. The aim of the present study was to examine this association in the Japanese population. In this study, 1156 college students were administered the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire and asked the date ...
Seth Swapan - - 2010
Scientists commonly use world average data on sex ratio at birth for India for want of dependable ones. Here an attempt is made to redress the problem to some extent. It is shown that this ratio has been high in India since the 1950s. The ratio has been strikingly high, ...
Helle Samuli - - 2009
1. Human sex ratio at birth at the population level has been suggested to vary according to exogenous stressors such as wars, ambient temperature, ecological disasters and economic crises, but their relative effects on birth sex ratio have not been investigated. It also remains unclear whether such associations represent environmental ...
Chodick Gabriel - - 2009
Birth weight is the single most significant determinant of infant mortality and the chances of a newborn to experience healthy development. Low birth weight also appears to be related to higher risks of several important chronic conditions, such as ischemic heart disease, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, and cancer in adults. Thus factors ...
Jin Tong - - 2009
Understanding the reproductive parameters of endangered primate species is vital for evaluating the status of populations and developing adequate conservation measures. This study provides the first detailed analysis of the reproductive parameters of wild white-headed langurs (Trachypithecus leucocephalus), based on demographic data collected over an 8-year period in the Nongguan ...
Rao Shobha S Division of Animal Sciences, Biometry and Nutrition Unit, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India. - - 2009
Farming populations from developing countries are exposed to seasonal energy stress due to variations in food availability and energy output related to agricultural activities. This study aims to examine the impact of seasonality in maternal intake and activity on neonatal size. Maternal anthropometry, dietary intakes (24-h recall and food-frequency questionnaire) ...
de la Vega Alberto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Birth defects represent one of the main causes of infant mortality and morbidity around the world. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify seasonal changes in the incidence of various congenital anomalies in our population. METHODS: We identified all cases of open neural tube defects, cardiac anomalies, ...
Schwekendiek Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a consistent link between birth season and height in northern and southern hemisphere humans, creating a pattern in which spring birth cohorts are the tallest, and autumn birth cohorts are the shortest. AIM: A previous study on heights of children born during the North Korean ...
Khashan A S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A reduction in the sex ratio at birth has been linked to maternal condition during and before pregnancy. A recent study reported an association between maternal exposure to severe life events and sex ratio at birth using the Danish national register. We attempted to replicate that study using a ...
Kinney Dennis K - - 2009
Previous surveys found a large (>10-fold) variation in schizophrenia prevalence at different geographic sites and a tendency for prevalence to increase with latitude. We conducted meta-analyses of prevalence studies to investigate whether these findings pointed to underlying etiologic factors in schizophrenia or were the result of methodological artifacts or the ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2009
Obesity is a heterogeneous group of disorders that have in common disturbances of energy balance and an increase of fat cells. Genetic and development factors, however, have an important role in making obese or not obese people. Recently there has been a surge of interest on the possible relationship of ...
Mulla Zuber D - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether the risk of choroid and ciliary body melanoma varies according to season of birth. METHODS: A case-control study design was used to determine odds ratio of choroidal and ciliary body melanoma for season of birth. Patients with histologically confirmed choroidal and ciliary body melanoma from 1995 ...
Friger Michael - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess effects of natural and artificial seasonality on reproduction in a large cohort of Muslim and Jewish women, living in the same geographic area. METHODS:Population included all births between January 1988 and December 2005 (6613 daily records of 200 009 births) at ...
Brockman Diane K - - 2009
The responses of plural breeding mammals to environmental stressors are little understood in free-ranging populations, but recent studies of singular breeders suggest that ecological factors and social milieu influence the variable physiological stress responses observed among individuals. Our previous studies examining faecal glucocorticoid (fGC)-behaviour interactions in plural breeding male sifaka ...
James William H - - 2009
Stansfield and Carlton [Human Biology 79:255-260 (2007)] reported that the distributions of the combinations of the sexes in human sibships are binomial. They inferred that the probabilities of male births are equal and independent within and across all sibships. Here I argue that their argument is both invalid and false. ...
Staykov Dimitre - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible seasonality of birth in adult patients suffering from glioma. For this purpose, data from the database of the population-based cancer registry of Bavaria (Germany) were retrieved. For the period 2002-2005, we identified a total of 2174 patients born between ...
Saadat Mostafa - - 2008
On 26th December 2003, a severe earthquake hit the city of Bam in Kerman province, southern Iran. It destroyed around 90% of houses and at least 60% of the public buildings, and claimed the lives of more than 20,000 persons. To investigate whether acute stress caused by the Bam earthquake ...
Bodnar Lisa M - - 2008
Preterm birth is a major obstetric problem. An exploration of the season of conception in relation to preterm birth may provide direction in the search for risk factors. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 82 213 singleton livebirths (20-45 weeks' gestation) to 61,630 women at Magee-Womens Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2008
Early rehospitalization is common in schizophrenia. Given the impact on cost containment, there is an urgent need to identify the predictors of rehospitalization. This study aims to examine the association between the frequency of timely outpatient visits and the likelihood of early rehospitalization in schizophrenia patients. After adjusting for gender, ...
Rogovin Konstantin A - - 2008
We examined the relationship among seasonal characteristics of climate, food, and population demography (social structure) and fecal corticosterone (CORT) concentrations over 6 yr in adult males of an arid-adapted species, the great gerbil (Rhombomys opimus Licht., Gerbillidae, Rodentia), as a measure of chronic stress in high, low, and recovering population ...
Messinger Daniel S - - 2008
Early infant emotional development concerns the interactive emergence of emotional states that motivate approach and withdrawal. These are indexed by different patterns of infant facial expressions, vocalization, and gazing that emerge within parent-infant interactions in the first 10 months of life. Specifically, the interface of a limited number of interactive ...
Smale Dan A - - 2008
The West Antarctic Peninsula is one of the fastest warming regions on Earth, and, as a consequence, most maritime glaciers and ice shelves in the region have significantly retreated over the past few decades. We collected a multiyear data set on ice scouring frequency from Antarctica by using unique experimental ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2009
Using a nationwide population-based dataset, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between paternal schizophrenia and the risk of low birthweight (LBW). This study linked the 2001 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Dataset with Taiwan's birth and death certificate registries. In total, 220 465 singleton live ...
van de Wal R S W - - 2008
Continuous Global Positioning System observations reveal rapid and large ice velocity fluctuations in the western ablation zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Within days, ice velocity reacts to increased meltwater production and increases by a factor of 4. Such a response is much stronger and much faster than previously reported. ...
Gavrilovic B Bobic - - 2008
The aim of this study was to examine the differences, between seasons of the year, in the distribution of matings and whelpings, litter size, pup deaths, and sex ratio in domestic dogs. Furthermore, we wanted to examine the effects of age and parity of the bitch at the time of ...
Koch M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The timing of birth has recently been associated with the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) in later life. Whether the timing of birth also influences the disease course of MS is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the season or month of birth influences the timing of secondary progression ...
Murienne Jérôme - - 2008
The phylogenetic relationships of the major lineages of the arachnid order Pseudoscorpiones are investigated for the first time using molecular sequence data from two nuclear ribosomal genes and one mitochondrial protein-encoding gene. The data were analyzed using a dynamic homology approach with the new program POY v.4 under parsimony as ...
Fattorini Daniele - - 2008
Mussels are widely used as bioindicator organisms for monitoring chemical pollutants including trace metals. These elements are natural constituents in the marine environment and their basal concentrations in the organisms can be influenced by several environmental and biological factors. The aim of this work was to extend our knowledge on ...
Dolf G - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate whether the occurrence of cryptorchidism in a litter is associated with the sex ratio in this litter. The analysis included for dog 1,339 litters of 4 different breeds, of which 12.8% had 1 and 3.1% had 2 cryptorchids, and for pig 119,920 ...
Cannon Tyrone D TD Department of Psychology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095-1563, USA. - - 2008
Obstetric complications, particularly fetal hypoxia, are associated with increased risk for schizophrenia later in life. Such factors are also related to increased severity of certain neuropathological features of schizophrenia, including hippocampal and cortical gray matter reduction, among individuals with a genetic susceptibility to the disorder. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying ...
Feder Chiarastella - - 2008
In strongly seasonal environments, the timing of birth can have important fitness consequences. We investigated which factors affect parturition date and how birthdate interacts with sex, maternal characteristics and environmental variables to affect the growth and survival of bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) lambs in a marked population in Alberta. Over ...
Muñoz-Tudurí Marta - - 2008
Recent research findings have highlighted the importance of early life conditions as risk factors for adult diseases and therefore determinants of subsequent survival. Given that individuals born during different seasons in seasonal environments experience different early-developmental conditions, an analysis of the effects of the season of birth on survival is ...
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