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Haman Maciej - - 2011
Carey focuses her theory on initial knowledge and Quinian bootstrapping. We reflect on developmental mechanisms, which can operate in between. Whereas most of the research aims at delimitating early cognitive mechanisms, we point at the need for studying their integration and mutual bootstrapping. We illustrate this call by referring to ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2011
The Report summarizes the outcome of a recent informal consultation convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2009 pursuant to the 1995 resolution of the World Health Assembly (WHA) urging Member States to promote programs for early hearing detection in babies and infants. The consultation was geared towards reaching ...
Schlesinger Matthew - - 2011
Are infants' initial object representations innately specified? We examine the development of perceptual completion in infants by highlighting two issues. First, perceptual completion is supported by neural mechanisms that rely on experience with the environment. Second, we present behavioral and modeling data that demonstrate how perceptual completion can emerge as ...
Doege Corinna - - 2011
Background Infantile haemangiomas are benign vascular neoplasms that occur frequently in premature infants. The authors hypothesised that in addition to gestational age and birth weight, erythropoietin therapy may influence the incidence of these soft tissue tumours in preterm infants. Methods 2563 infants born prematurely and admitted to the Division of ...
Yelland Lisa N - - 2011
Yelland LN, Salter AB, Ryan P, Makrides M. Analysis of binary outcomes from randomised trials including multiple births: when should clustering be taken into account? Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2011; 25: 283-297. Randomised trials involving infants from both single and multiple births present unique statistical challenges. A range of methods ...
Ye Guangyong - - 2011
Objectives. To determine the factors influencing length of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stay among premature infants born after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) with 24-34 weeks of gestation. Methods. Characteristic parameters of the pregnant women with PPROM and their premature infants were analyzed retrospectively using univariate and multivariate analysis. Results. The ...
Indic Premananda - - 2011
Cardio-respiratory interactions are weak at the earliest stages of human development, suggesting that assessment of their presence and integrity may be an important indicator of development in infants. Despite the valuable research devoted to infant development, there is still a need for specifically targeted standards and methods to assess cardiopulmonary ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2011
Infants who receive prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding grow more slowly during the first year of life than those who do not. However, infant feeding and growth are dynamic processes in which feeding may affect growth, and prior growth and size may also influence subsequent feeding decisions. The authors carried out ...
Disanto Giulio - - 2011
Our aim was to investigate whether there is a season-of-birth effect in anorexia nervosa. In a meta-analysis, we compared the distribution of anorexia births (n = 1293) from four independent UK cohorts to that of the general UK population (n = 21 914 037), using both the Walter & Elwood ...
Conde-Agudelo A - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Conde-Agudelo A, Papageorghiou A, Kennedy S, Villar J. Novel biomarkers for the prediction of the spontaneous preterm birth phenotype: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.02923.x. Background  Being able to predict preterm birth is important, as it may allow a high-risk population to ...
Kerr-Wilson C O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An increasing proportion of infants are born preterm, and their survival has improved. Therefore, their long-term sequelae are of increasing public health importance. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review covering a 30 year period (1980-2009). A random effects meta-analysis provided a pooled estimate of the difference in IQ score ...
Vouloumanou Evridiki K - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the value of serum procalcitonin (PCT) for the differentiation between patients with and without neonatal sepsis. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library for studies evaluating PCT in neonatal sepsis. PCT had to be measured in neonatal blood samples, at the initial presentation of ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2011
To estimate if cerclage prevents preterm birth and perinatal mortality and morbidity in women with previous preterm birth, singleton gestation, and short cervical length in a meta-analysis of randomized trials. MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched using the terms "cerclage," "short cervix," "ultrasound," and "randomized trial." We ...
Shehata F - - 2011
The placenta weight/birthweight (PW/BW) ratio has been shown to be associated with certain long-term fetal outcomes; however, its association with short-term outcomes has not received much attention. Our aim was to assess the correlation between the PW/BW ratio and short-term adverse obstetrics outcomes in full-term, appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) newborns. Retrospective cohort ...
Mori Rintaro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) to improve neonatal outcomes for infants born at <24 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective analysis of 11 607 infants born at 22 to 33 weeks of gestation between 2003 and 2007 from the Neonatal Research Network of ...
Soraisham Amuchou S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes, at 30-42 months adjusted age, between infants exposed to antenatal indomethacin and those unexposed to antenatal indomethacin. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. The study cohort consisted of all nonanomalous infants with birth weight ≤ 1250 g and/or gestational age ≤ 28 wks born between 2000 and 2003, ...
Zamakhshary Mohammed F - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal variation in the incidence of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) has been long debated. The goal of this study was to determine if seasonal variation exists in the incidence of pyloric stenosis. METHODS: A population-based cohort consisted of all infants in the province of Ontario, Canada with HPS from ...
Kaukola Tuula - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Signals originating from both maternal and fetal compartments participate in the preterm labor process. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether cord blood immunoproteins predict spontaneous preterm labor. METHODS: Cord blood from 125 very preterm (gestational age <32weeks) singleton infants and 33 term infants was collected after birth and analyzed for 107 ...
Zahed-Cheikh Meriem - - 2011
Study aim: To describe general movement in extremely premature infants and examine correlations with risk factors for antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal morbidity. Study type: Prospective, single-center study. Nineteen patients were followed up. Methodology: The infants' general movement was analyzed using video recordings. Qualitative and quantitative assessments were performed during the ...
Egyepong Jean - - 2011
Umbilical venous catheters (UVCs) are frequently used in the neonatal intensive care setting and play a crucial role in the management of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. One very rare complication reported is parenteral nutrition (PN) ascites secondary to vessel perforation or hepatic erosion by PN at the tip ...
Huusom L D - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Huusom L, Secher N, Pryds O, Whitfield K, Gluud C, Brok J. Antenatal magnesium sulphate may prevent cerebral palsy in preterm infants-but are we convinced? Evaluation of an apparently conclusive meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis. BJOG 2011;118:1-5.
Vidyasagar Dharmapuri - - 2011
Background: Since the first successful report of surfactant replacement therapy (SRT) in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), numerous randomized clinical trials have shown that SRT reduces mortality and morbidity in RDS. Surfactant is now a standard therapy for RDS. However, the use of SRT in the developing world has ...
Garfinkle Jarred J Division of Pediatric Neurology, Montreal Children's Hospital-McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2011
To identify independent prognostic indicators and design a predictive scoring system for neurodevelopmental outcome for term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizures. Retrospective analysis of 120 term infants who experienced clinical neonatal seizures between July 1991 and June 2007 in a single academic pediatric neurology practice. Logistic regression analysis was ...
Zhang Yang - - 2011
Speech scientists have long proposed that formant exaggeration in infant-directed speech plays an important role in language acquisition. This event-related potential (ERP) study investigated neural coding of formant-exaggerated speech in 6-12-month-old infants. Two synthetic /i/ vowels were presented in alternating blocks to test the effects of formant exaggeration. ERP waveform ...
Torche Florencia - - 2010
Research suggests a relationship between birth weight and season of birth, but findings vary across countries and underlying factors are not well understood. We examine the seasonality of birth weight and explore alternative hypotheses for its etiology-exposure to environmental factors and varying socioeconomic composition of mothers-in Chile. Birth weight of ...
Mutlu Akmer - - 2010
This study was performed to assess the neurological status of high-risk infants by "general movements" (GMs) method and to compare it with the findings of standard clinical neurological examination and neuroimaging findings during the early rehabilitation period. Neurodevelopmental examination was performed by a neonatologist at the corrected ages of 40 ...
Aberle Judith H - - 2010
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a major cause of respiratory tract illness in young children and causes annual outbreaks in winter and spring seasons. We evaluated the subgroups of HMPV that caused annual outbreaks and its seasonal occurrence during a 21-year period. Real-time PCR was used for detection of HMPV in ...
McEniry Mary - - 2011
The increasing prevalence of heart disease and diabetes among aging populations in low and middle income countries leads to questions regarding the degree to which endogenous early life exposures (exposures in utero) are important determinants of these health conditions. We devised a test using infant mortality (IMR) to verify if ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2010
Seasonal aggregation and the monthly rate of neonatal transient hyperthyrotropinemia (THT) were assessed. From November 1998 to April 2005, neonates of gestational age ≥37 wks, birth weight 2500-4000 g, birth length 45-55 cm, and 1st min Apgar score >3, who had thyrotropin (TSH) ≥20 mU/L in their cord dried-blood specimen, but ...
Wittenburg D - - 2011
Reduction in the variability of piglet birth weight within litter and increased piglet survival are key objective in schemes aiming to improve sow prolificacy. In previous studies, variation in birth weight was described by the sample standard deviation of birth weights within one litter, and the genetic impact has been ...
Reijnders Peter J H - - 2010
The annual reproductive cycle of most seal species is characterized by a tight synchrony of births. Typically, timing of birth shows little inter-annual variation. Here, however we show that harbour seals Phoca vitulina from the Wadden Sea (southeast North Sea) have shortened their yearly cycle, moving parturition to earlier dates ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Paternal characteristics have never been considered in the relation between maternal schizophrenia and adverse pregnancy outcomes. The aim of our study was to consider different paternal ages while investigating the relation between maternal schizophrenia and low birth weight (LBW), using a nationwide population-based dataset. METHOD: Our study used data ...
Verropoulou Georgia - - 2010
This study uses micro-level information on the live births registered in Greece for 2006 to assess differentials in the propensity to have a male offspring between natives and immigrants. The sex ratio at birth for the whole population is 106.3 but it is considerably higher among immigrants (110.9) than among ...
Dey Shuvra Kanti - - 2010
A total of 6231 fecal specimens collected from infants and children with gastroenteritis in 7 different regions of Japan during 1995 to 2007 were examined for norovirus. Norovirus was detected in 779 patients (12.5%) and norovirus activity peak in the winter season (November to January) during 1995 to 2007. During ...
Jewell Jennifer S - - 2010
To determine whether season of infant birth or amount of daylight at time and location of birth is a risk factor for self-reported postpartum depression (PPD). The primary hypothesis was that the prevalence of PPD will peak during the darkest winter months. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using the Pregnancy ...
Dey Shuvra K - - 2010
A total of 10,917 fecal specimens from infants and children with gastroenteritis in seven different regions of Japan in the last 3 decades were examined for rotavirus. We observed that the rotavirus peak shifted gradually from January to April (winter to early spring) during 17 seasons and the G1P[8] combination ...
Martínez-Contreras Jorge - - 2010
Since his visit to Tierra del Fuego in the 1830s, Darwin had been fascinated by the "savages" that succeeded in surviving on such a "broken beach", and because they were certainly similar in behaviour to our ancestors. However, he was also fascinated by baboons' behaviour, according to Brehm's accounts: hamadryas ...
Bayes Hannah K - - 2010
Development of multiple sclerosis (MS) is believed to result from interplay of genes and environmental factors, which may be anticipated to act in a seasonal manner. Scotland has the highest prevalence of MS in the world. We aimed to determine if risk of multiple sclerosis is associated with season of ...
Salzer J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) by month of birth in Sweden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases (n = 9361) were obtained from the Swedish MS Registry. All births in Sweden 1900-2007 served as controls (n = 12,116,853). The risk of MS was analyzed for each month of ...
Rosadio R - - 2010
Histopathological analysis of 108 intestine samples (103 grossly affected ileum and 5 jejunum) taken from Clostridium-induced neonatal alpaca (Vicugna pacos) enterotoxemia mortalities collected in the Departments of Arequipa, Puno and Cusco of southern Peru during the 2005-2008 birth seasons (January-March), revealed the presence of large numbers of both asexual and ...
Takao Motoharu - - 2009
Two research groups reported that diurnal preference in Canadian and South European populations was modulated by the season of birth. The aim of the present study was to examine this association in the Japanese population. In this study, 1156 college students were administered the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire and asked the date ...
Seth Swapan - - 2010
Scientists commonly use world average data on sex ratio at birth for India for want of dependable ones. Here an attempt is made to redress the problem to some extent. It is shown that this ratio has been high in India since the 1950s. The ratio has been strikingly high, ...
Helle Samuli - - 2009
1. Human sex ratio at birth at the population level has been suggested to vary according to exogenous stressors such as wars, ambient temperature, ecological disasters and economic crises, but their relative effects on birth sex ratio have not been investigated. It also remains unclear whether such associations represent environmental ...
Chodick Gabriel - - 2009
Birth weight is the single most significant determinant of infant mortality and the chances of a newborn to experience healthy development. Low birth weight also appears to be related to higher risks of several important chronic conditions, such as ischemic heart disease, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, and cancer in adults. Thus factors ...
Jin Tong - - 2009
Understanding the reproductive parameters of endangered primate species is vital for evaluating the status of populations and developing adequate conservation measures. This study provides the first detailed analysis of the reproductive parameters of wild white-headed langurs (Trachypithecus leucocephalus), based on demographic data collected over an 8-year period in the Nongguan ...
Rao Shobha S Division of Animal Sciences, Biometry and Nutrition Unit, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India. - - 2009
Farming populations from developing countries are exposed to seasonal energy stress due to variations in food availability and energy output related to agricultural activities. This study aims to examine the impact of seasonality in maternal intake and activity on neonatal size. Maternal anthropometry, dietary intakes (24-h recall and food-frequency questionnaire) ...
de la Vega Alberto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Birth defects represent one of the main causes of infant mortality and morbidity around the world. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify seasonal changes in the incidence of various congenital anomalies in our population. METHODS: We identified all cases of open neural tube defects, cardiac anomalies, ...
Schwekendiek Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a consistent link between birth season and height in northern and southern hemisphere humans, creating a pattern in which spring birth cohorts are the tallest, and autumn birth cohorts are the shortest. AIM: A previous study on heights of children born during the North Korean ...
Khashan A S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A reduction in the sex ratio at birth has been linked to maternal condition during and before pregnancy. A recent study reported an association between maternal exposure to severe life events and sex ratio at birth using the Danish national register. We attempted to replicate that study using a ...
Kinney Dennis K - - 2009
Previous surveys found a large (>10-fold) variation in schizophrenia prevalence at different geographic sites and a tendency for prevalence to increase with latitude. We conducted meta-analyses of prevalence studies to investigate whether these findings pointed to underlying etiologic factors in schizophrenia or were the result of methodological artifacts or the ...
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