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Results 651 - 697 of 697
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Coren S - - 1980
As an alternative to genetic theories of handedness, some theorists have offered an environmental mechanism, associated with birth stress, for the appearance of left-handedness. They suggest that brain damage as a result of birth difficulties can lead to a switch in hand preference from the right side to the left ...
Hicks R A - - 1980
Recently Leviton and Kilty reported that the birth dates of left-handed girls in elementary school display a seasonal trend which peaks in November. We report here a failure to replicate this finding for 257 male and 323 female college students. Further, we have considered the likelihood that the original finding ...
Shimura M - - 1980
Seasonal distribution of births of schizophrenics and manic-depressives born in Tokyo between the years of 1841 and 1940 and first admitted between 1879 and 1973 was examined by year of birth, year of first admission and age at first admission. In both mental disorders, a fall-excess of births could be ...
Miura T - - 1980
Seasonal birth variation was investigated in relation to the season of the mother's birth by examining: (1) 21,517 case records of a maternity hospital in Tokyo, Japan, for the period between 1925 and 1960 and (2) 2,348 questionnaires on mothers and their offsprings. In general, the birth rate was the ...
Brackenridge C J - - 1980
The month of birth of 923 patients in England and Wales dying with cystic fibrosis as an underlying cause was found to be distributed independently of sex and year of birth during 1954-1976. When adjusted for the monthly variations in births in the national population, birth frequencies were bimodally distributed. ...
Goss R J - - 1980
Newborn and weanling fawns were held under reversed annual light cycles to learn if the subsequent replacement of their antlers would coincide with the anniversary of their births, as occurs in nature, or adapt to the artificial seasons of increasing day lengths even when these fall at the "wrong" time ...
Zajonc R B - - 1979
Studies relating intellectual performance to birth order report conflicting results, some finding intellectual scores to increase, others to decrease with birth order. In contrast, the relationship between intellectual performance and family size is stable and consistently replicable. Why do these two highly related variables generate such divergent results? This birth ...
Jackson M P - - 1979
The aim of this study was to determine whether variations in Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) scoring among zodiacal birth groups follow a similar pattern for Ss born in the Southern hemisphere to that which has been reported for Northern hemisphere Ss. EPI and birth data were obtained from 450 adult ...
Torrey E F - - 1979
In view of recent findings in Japan, and in England and Wales, data on schizophrenic births in the United States were reexamined to see if seasonal shifts had occurred. In Missouri a progressive shift from February to April and May was noted between 1921 and 1930 and between 1941 and ...
Jones I H - - 1979
Season of birth of schizophrenics was investigated by comparing 915 carefully selected schizophrenic patients with controls matched for age and sex. While the winter-spring excess of schizophrenic births was similar to Northern Hemisphere findings, further examination of data revealed a new feature: a striking excess of male schizophrenic births for ...
Menken J - - 1979
Seasonal patterns in conception rates have been documented in several recent studies. In this paper, a mathematical model of the reproductive process is developed through which the impact of such variation in conception rates is assessed. It is found that the effect on fertility can be quite substantial, but that ...
Leviton A - - 1979
The birth of left-handed girls in a school population displayed a seasonal trend, with a peak in November. No seasonal trend was seen in the birth of left-handed boys. The seasonal pattern of birth of left-handed girls is compatible with the hypothesis that nongenetic factors contribute to the occurrence of ...
Syme G J - - 1978
Birth patterns of non-aboriginal, first admission, Western Australian psychiatric patients born between 1920 and 1950 were compared statistically with those of the general population. Three I. C. D. categories were examined: schizophrenia, anxiety neurosis, and depressive neurosis. For both categories of neurosis no deviations from normal birth patterns were observed. ...
Wyndham C H - - 1978
A summary of the literature shows that there are well-marked seasonal variations in mortality for total deaths, for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and for diabetes, the mortality rate being higher in winter than in summer. These seasonal variations in mortality are seen in infants under 1 year of age and ...
Parker G - - 1978
An association between spring birth and anxiety neurosis in New South Wales is confirmed. Two possible explanations, that the association might reflect a seasonal variation in conceiving or in giving birth among mothers of those with significant anxiety, or that spring birth selectively disposes to anxiety, were examined. Findings suggest ...
Hare E H - - 1978
Inpatient admissions to all psychiatric hospital beds in England and Wales in 1970-73 were studied by month of admission for eight diagnostic groups. The admission rates for schizophrenia showed a pronounced seasonal variation, with a maximum in summer. The seasonal pattern for schizophrenia was very similar to the one shown ...
Padhi S N - - 1978
Male garden lizards weighing between 2 to 17.5 g and having a snout to vent length range of 4.5 to 8.7 cm were collected from nature during the breeding season and reared in the laboratory at 28 +/- 2 degrees C for a period of 6 months. There was a ...
Hare E H - - 1978
The quarterly distribution of births of patients born in England and Wales 1921-60 and first admitted in 1970-75 was examined by decade of birth and by age at year of admission. For patients with schizophrenia and affective psychosis, the distribution varied: in the early decade (1921-30), and for older patients ...
Roberts M S - - 1978
The annual reproductive cycle of a captive colony of Barbary apes, Macaca sylvana, was examined for the 26-year period from 1950 to 1976 and then compared with the annual reproductive cycle of semifree ranging M.sylvania in Gibraltar. Mating and birthing seasons for the two populations were similar although birth synchrony ...
Kilbride H W - - 1977
Early home experiences of a group of 32 2-week old infants, equally divided according to social class, birth order, and sex, were studied. Naturalistic observations were taken on 2 consecutive days for a total of 6 hours. Compared with later-borns, firstborns received significantly more caretaker interaction on all variables studied. ...
Odegård O - - 1977
The monthly number of births in Norway fluctuates between a maximum in January-May and a minimum in October-December. This cyclic seasonality is assumed to be of biological origin, but indirectly it is influenced by social factors and consequently tends to vary a great deal. There is a secondary birth maximum ...
Torrey E F - - 1977
The birth months of persons later diagnosed as schizophrenic were studied. Data were collected from 19 states on 53,584 schizophrenics born between 1920 and 1955. The controls were the general births in the same states for the same years. A highly significant peak in schizophrenic births was found from December ...
Parker G - - 1977
Studies in the northern and southern hemispheres have generally demonstrated an association between shcizophrenia and winter birth. No previous study has been performed in an equatorial region. The present study investigated the distribution of births of 3,508 schizophrenic patients born in the Philippines. A 15% excess above expectation was found ...
Davis D J - - 1977
For Israeli eighth-grade students of Asian-African origin, achievement decreases as a function of birth order in small families and increases as a function of birth order in large families. This finding cannot be accounted for by differences in developmental rate or size of birth intervals. It can be accounted for ...
Buck C - - 1977
Evidence was found against the hypothesis that heterozygous carriers of a schizophrenic gene have a reproductive advantage through enhanced fertility. In consequence an investigation was made of the possibility that an advantage is gained through diminished early mortality among the off-spring of carriers. The results were equivocal. While an observed ...
Tkachyk S J - - 1977
An outdoor airborne mold survey was recently carried out in the Edmonton area revealing some previously unrecognized molds, especially Rhodotorula. Hormodendrum was by far the commonest mold identified and was present all year round. It was also revealing that outdoor molds were quite prevalent in the Edmonton area throughout all ...
Shimura M - - 1977
The monthly distribution of births of 7,960 schizophrenic patients in Tokyo born during the period of 1841-1950 was studied in comparison with that of a control population in Tokyo. A spring excess of schizophrenic births were found after 1901 as in previous studies in Western countries. Before 1900, however, there ...
Koehler K - - 1976
Most earlier studies and all studies on national samples in Scandinavia and in England and Wales have shown that schizophrenics have a significant excess of births in the early months of the year when compared with the expected distribution of the normal population. The present German study, carried out on ...
Adelstein P - - 1976
The files of the Oxford Record Linkage Study were employed to identify 220 infants presenting with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in the 6-year period 1966 to 1971. Information on these infants was obtained from birth certificates and maternity notes. The overall incidence was 2.5 per 1000 livebirths. There was ...
McNeil T - - 1976
Many studies have shown schizophrenics to be born with unusual frequency in the period January-April, and one interpretation of this seasonality of birth is that the parents of schizophrenics have an unusually strong general tendency to conceive offspring who will be born in January-April. This parental conception habits interpretation may ...
Parker G - - 1976
Studies on the relationship between season of birth and mental disorder have been substantially confined to northern hemisphere regions. Such studies have generally found an excess of winter births of schizophrenics, and variably an excess of winter births of manic-depressive and mentally retarded patients. In the present study information on ...
Stefanis C N - - 1976
Chromatin structure and nucleohistone pattern were investigated histochemically in the neutrophils of 11 schizophrenics and 16 healthy controls. Compared to controls, all schizophrenic parents prior to medication showed a distinctly different histochemical pattern consisting of increased concentration and abnormal distribution of nucleohistones. This pattern has been attributed to an increase ...
Reif J S - - 1976
Feline panleukopenia (FPL) was diagnosed in 185 of 7043 feline admissions (2.63%) at a university veterinary hospital over an eight-year period. FLP has a distinct seasonal pattern, occurring during July, August and September. Seasonal peaks were noted in all the years studied. Cats less than one year of age accounted ...
Warrell D A - - 1976
The incidence of Echis carinatus (saw-scaled or carpet viper) bite and its mortality have been investigated in the Nigerian savanna region. A geographical area was defined in which the snake was particularly abundant and bites were frequent. Perennial and seasonal fluctuations in incidence and mortality, the circumstances in which bites ...
Hare E H - - 1975
National studies in Scandinavia and in England and Wales have shown that schizophrenic patients are born significantly more often in the early months of the year than would be expected from comparison with the general population. The author examines additional evidence from England and Wales and discusses possible sources of ...
May D - - 1975
Successful synchronisation of copulations and births for the 1st parity permit continued synchrony of parturitions in subsequent parities. Foetal implantation after post-partum copulation was delayed by multiples of the oestrous cycle; both season and number of sucking neonates influenced the time of implantation. Post-weaning matings gave a high conception rate ...
Buck C - - 1975
This investigation has provided evidence against the hypothesis that heterozygous carriers of schizophrenic gene have a reproductive advantage through enhanced fertility. An advantage arising from lower mortality between birth and the end of the reproductive period was not investigated, but should be examined before we search for other explanations of ...
Kleiner H - - 1975
Attempts by previous investigators have failed to show significant correlation between seasonal pollens and the birth dates of individuals as evidence for the development of tolerance in immunologically immature neonates. Using a large clinic population with adequate controls, significant correlation between ragweed, grass or tree pollen sensitivity and the dates ...
Farley F H - - 1975
Higher order personality dimensions of extraversion-introversion and neuroticism were studied as functions of birth order in two-sib families, using 141 female subjects, with control over sex of sibling and sib age separation. No significant personality dimension variance was attributable to birth order in females. The results were considered briefly in ...
Elwood J M - - 1975
A study of the monthly numbers of stillbirths and of deaths due to anencephalus in Canada from 1954 to 1962 showed a weak tendency to a winter excess of affected births. The seasonal trend was more marked in the Prarie provinces and in Quebec than elsewhere; the maximum rate of ...
Guest A M - - 1974
Using well-known techniques of regression analysis, we decompose the crude birth rate into six analytical components, indicating illegitimacy, the marriage rate, legitimate fertility, and sex and age composition. All the components except sex structure are important in determining differences in crude birth rates across countries of the world. The model ...
Melges F T - - 1969
There is no predominance of male infants born to women who develop schizophrenic symptomns with in 1 month after delivery. Moreover, there is no difference in the sex ratio of infants born to schizophrenic women whose onset of symptoms occurred within the first 10 days postpartum, which is the period ...
Hodos W - - 1967
Two chimpanzees were required to choose between a fixed-ratio schedule and a progressive-ratio schedule which increased in response requirement by 20 responses each time it was chosen. Each choice of the fixed ratio reset the progressive ratio to its minimum value. The fixed-ratio requirement was varied from 40 to 1000 ...
Crum F S - - 1920
How to reduce infant mortality is one of the most pressing health problems of today. More babies saved means larger adult population. Dr. Crum establishes standards whereby to measure future improvement. His charts disclose irregularities related to season or location. They suggest means of closer study through seperation of racial ...
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