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Results 551 - 600 of 688
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Hutchinson G W - - 1989
Longevity in faeces, migration to and survival on herbage of mixed strongyle infective larvae (approximately 70% cyathostomes: 30% large strongyles) from experimentally deposited horse faeces was studied in the dry tropical region of North Queensland for up to 2 years. Larvae were recovered from faeces deposited during hot dry weather ...
Holland B - - 1989
A marked seasonality of births for the two main ethnic groups of peninsular Malaysia, far exceeding the cyclic fluctuations in births in the United States and Canada, was reported for the 1960s. A 36% excess of births over the average monthly number was observed among Malays each January. Among the ...
Ebmeier K P - - 1989
A study is presented which fails to replicate a recent report that peak years of birth of patients later developing Parkinson's disease are related to the influenza pandemics of the period 1890-1930. The years of birth of a whole population cohort of 243 patients suffering from Parkinson's disease examined in ...
Troise C - - 1989
It has been suggested that the season of birth is a predisposing factor for allergic sensitization. In the last few years many authors in different countries have found a statistically significant correlation between the month of birth and the subsequent allergy for grasses and birch pollens and house dust mites. ...
Rasmussen L - - 1989
The epidemiology of Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric stenosis (IHPS) was studied in a geographically well-delineated and demographically representative Danish region (The County of Funen), covering the period 1 January 1950 to 31 December 1984. Based upon 679 cases, the cumulative incidence from birth of IHPS was found to be virtually unchanged ...
Searleman A - - 1989
Reviews the literature examining the relationship between birth order, birth stress, and lateral preferences in nonclinical samples, with special emphasis on reports since 1971. The review found no evidence to relate birth order position to deviations from right-sidedness for either sex. More direct measures of birth stress indicated that deviations ...
Gottesman I I - - 1989
The Guest Editor introduces this Theme Issue of the Schizophrenia Bulletin with an overview of the kinds of subject matters appropriate for a comprehensive understanding of the vital statistics and demography relating to schizophrenia and schizophrenic patients--births, deaths, marriages, divorces, fertility, age, sex, race, occupation, place of residence, season of ...
Dalén P - - 1988
Maternal age is a neglected variable, with obvious implications for aetiology, in psychiatric research. In samples of schizophrenic patients, the distributions by month of birth and maternal age at birth show remarkable anomalies. These phenomena may be connected, because the seasonal distribution of births varies with maternal age, probably as ...
Zilber N - - 1988
The relation between birth order and risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) was studied among MS patients in Israel. The evaluation was both by case-control study and comparison of expected and observed birth order in Israel-born patients. Results showed an excess of first-born and a low birth order among MS patients. ...
Penzhorn B L - - 1988
Testis mass of adult Cape mountain zebra stallions (mean 70.0 g) was appreciably less than that of other zebra species and domestic horses. The histological appearance of the testes of 11-, 24- and 29-month-old colts was typically prepubertal. Spermatogenic activity of a 4-year-old stallion obtained at the end of summer ...
Hermanussen M - - 1988
First-borns are smaller than later-borns at birth. We investigated adult stature of families with three or more adult children, aged between 20 and 70 (mean 32) years. There was no significant correlation between size of the family and final adult stature of the siblings. We found a mean height reduction ...
Mednick S A - - 1988
In the context of a Finnish birth cohort, we tested the hypothesis that viral infection during the latter two thirds of fetal development would increase the risk of adult schizophrenic outcome. Psychiatric hospital diagnoses were recorded for all individuals in greater Helsinki who were fetuses during the 1957 type A2 ...
Hummel D B DB Department of Paediatrics, Johannesburg - - 1988
A retrospective study of Johannesburg Hospital records revealed that during a 4-year period (1978-1981) 49 infants who had been born in the Transvaal had presented with symptomatic coarctation of the aorta in the first year of life. The total number of live births for this period was 92,697. This incidence ...
Annett M - - 1988
The raised incidences of strong left-handedness and of mixed-handedness in homosexual men, as in dyslexics, are mutually consistent under the normal distribution function, as expected by the right shift theory of handedness. It is argued that atypical laterality in these groups is better described as a "reduction of right shift" ...
McNally S L SL Shongwe Hospital, - - 1987
The epidemiology of snakebite in 251 patients admitted to Shongwe Hospital is described for the period 1978-1982. The incidence of bites, their seasonal variation, environmental and population factors, age and sex variations, the bite-site, bite-admission time and bite incidents are analysed. First-aid is frequently administered inappropriately even when given by ...
Jørgensen A - - 1987
The Copenhagen longitudinal high-risk study of offspring of 129 schizophrenic mothers commenced in 1962. At that time, the mothers were diagnosed according to contemporary Danish criteria. We have re-examined all of the hospital records of these mothers: 108 (84%) fulfil present-day DSM-III criteria for schizophrenia and 95 (74%) were diagnosed ...
van Strien J W - - 1987
A large nonclinical sample of left-handed and right-handed subjects completed laterality and medical health questionnaires. The group of left-handed subjects showed a raised incidence of birth complications and learning disorders whereas no differences were found for birth order and maternal age. Left-handed and right-handed subjects showed similar incidences of autoimmune ...
Souêtre E - - 1987
The monthly rates of completed suicides in France from 1978 until 1982 were analyzed. The seasonal variations of environmental (daylight and sunlight durations, mean temperature, geomagnetism), sociological (unemployment, deaths of all causes, birth and conception rates), and biological (melatonin, cortisol and serotonin circannual rhythms) factors were compared to the seasonal ...
Hudgens R E - - 1987
Multiparous Suffolk and Suffolk-cross ewes were randomly allotted to treatments within breed and year to measure effects of ram exposure, during transition from anestrus to breeding activity, on reproductive performance. Treatments were: 1) ewes joined with two mature vasectomized Rambouillet rams for 15 d before breeding (DC), 2) ewes maintained ...
Vesely J A - - 1987
Crossbred ewe lambs of eight genetic types (Dorset X 3/4 Dorset, DD; Dorset X 3/4 Finn, DF; Finn X 3/4 Dorset, FD; Finn X 3/4 Finn, FF; Romanov X 3/4 Dorset, RD; Romanov X 3/4 Finn, RF; Romanov X Western, RW; and Western X Western, WW) were used to determine ...
Pedersen M M - - 1987
Measurement of chemotaxis of neutrophil polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) is often performed by micropore-filter methods. However, most of these methods seem to involve considerable inter-individual, intra-individual, and day-to-day variations. The aim of this study was to compare two frequently used micropore-filter methods - the Lower Surface Count (LSC) and the Leading ...
Kendell R E - - 1987
Data from two sources--the Edinburgh Psychiatric Case Register and the psychiatric inpatient records of the Scottish Health Service--were used to compare large populations of first-admission schizophrenics born in winter (January to March) and in summer (June to October). Parallel comparisons were carried out for affective psychoses. Comparison of the months ...
Tomari T - - 1987
This study was carried out in order to estimate the risk of habu snake bite on the Amami Islands in relation to meteorological and human behavioural factors. A time-series analysis of the seasonal variation of habu snake bite was also carried out in order to clarify the possible mechanism of ...
Johnstone I - - 1987
A survey of Brisbane catteries was carried out to investigate reproductive patterns of pedigree cats. Eighteen breeders supplied data on 751 litters with a total of 3171 kittens covering the Persian, Chinchilla, Siamese, Burmese and Abyssinian breeds. The overall sex ratio at birth was 100 males to 92 females. There ...
Machón R A - - 1987
It has been suggested that viral infections, more prevalent in the winter months, might increase pregnancy and birth complications, which might in turn be responsible for the excess of winter-born patients with schizophrenia. In this study it was found that the rate of schizophrenia among high risk winter-urban births who ...
Renz A - - 1987
Near the perennial breeding sites in the main water courses the highest monthly biting rates were recorded from June to August (early rainy season) and again from December to February (dry season), but near the rainy season breeding sites in the affluents, or at fly-catching sites, more than 2 km ...
Gemmell R T - - 1987
Melatonin implants were placed in 5 adult female possums during December. Births were observed from 31 March to 12 April in 4 control possums, and on 16 January, 1 and 6 February, 27 March and 27 April in the melatonin-treated animals. Melatonin would appear to have advanced the start of ...
Ferguson A G - - 1987
Seasonal variations in vital events have been widely observed in temperate and sub-tropical regions. Because of the more equable range of temperatures, less work on seasonality has been done in the tropics. In Kenya, a tropical country with a variety of ecological conditions, data on registered births gathered at district ...
Miura T - - 1987
The month of menarche and month of birth were studied in 47,218 women who were born during a period of 90 years between 1881 and 1970. Among those born prior to 1960, there was a tendency for menarche to occur more frequently at the month of birth. This coincidence was ...
Gemmell R T - - 1987
Melatonin implants were administered to 6 female bandicoots during the months of May and July. These animals, together with 6 control bandicoots were housed in large outside enclosures with mature males. Births were observed in the 6 control animals from 26 July to 2 September, but no births were observed ...
Nachshon I - - 1986
Associations between birth order and lateral preferences of hand, eye and foot were examined in a sample of 6436 black seven year old boys and girls whose mothers participated in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP) in Philadelphia. Overall, most of the subjects (87%) showed right hand preference, and the majority ...
Msanga Y N - - 1986
Body weights from birth to 756 days of age for calves of Mpwapwa cattle (12% Bos taurus inheritance) and backcrosses (34% Bos taurus) born in the wet or the dry season were analysed. The calves were weaned at 75 days of age and after that fed entirely on pasture. Backcrosses ...
Birks E K - - 1986
Juvenile fall and spring chinook salmon were examined for seasonal changes in pineal hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT) activity. Numerous small peaks in pineal HIOMT specific activity were found in fall chinook salmon and HIOMT activity per pineal gland increased linearly with age and/or size. In spring chinook salmon, cyclic changes in pineal ...
Serdula M K - - 1986
Two surveys in Upper and Lower rural Egypt allowed an analysis of the seasonality of infant feeding. The first, including 937 children, was conducted during the relatively cool season of low diarrhea incidence in January-April 1978; the second, including 976 children, took place during the hot season of high diarrhea ...
Cooperstock M - - 1986
Marked circannual variation in the incidence of preterm birth, adjusted for the normal seasonal fertility rate, was observed in data from the Collaborative Perinatal Project collected at 12 urban university centers during 1959-1966 (p less than 10(-5). The variation in monthly preterm birth rates ranged from a trough of 64% ...
Behrman J R - - 1986
"Birth-order effects are posited by many to affect earnings and schooling. We show how such effects can be interpreted to shift either the earnings possibility frontier for siblings or parental preferences. We find empirical evidence for birth-order effects on (age-adjusted) schooling and on earnings for young U.S. adults, though the ...
Carosso A - - 1986
The purpose of this paper is to examine whether exposure to antigens in the early months of life can increase or decrease subsequent sensitization. With this aim in mind, 304 subjects undergoing hyposensitization were randomly selected in an out-patient study: 207 of them had pollenosis (seasonal asthma, rhinitis, and positive ...
Farhud D D - - 1986
234 218 births (1975-1983) from a hospital in Tehran have been analysed for seasonality of birth and sex ratio. The results show more births in winter and less births in fall. The sex ratio is higher in summer and lower in fall. The occurrence of multibirths shows higher twinning and ...
Levy V - - 1986
The annual birth cycle in rural Egypt peaks in December and has two distinguishable minima in June and September. This pattern bears a striking inverse resemblance to the seasonal movements of employment and wages. Infant and child mortality and marriage also display stable, though different seasonal patterns. The paper explores ...
Boyd J H - - 1986
Studies investigating the association between the risk of schizophrenia and season of birth are reviewed and the association clearly established. This association cannot be explained on the basis of age-incidence or age-prevalence artifacts. Other studies suggest there may be an association between bipolar disorder and season of birth. The leading ...
Langdon J S - - 1985
The cause of the deaths of bony bream and other native fish in the Finke River near Alice Springs in winter 1984 was infection with the protozoan ciliate Chilodonella hexasticha. The parasites induced severe generalised epithelial hyperplasia in the gills, which would have compromised respiratory exchange and killed the fish ...
Ede A - - 1985
The usual inverse relationship between temperature of month and number of births in that month for persons later given a schizophrenic diagnosis was not found in Alberta, Canada. Since the absence of such an inverse relationship has also been noted in northern Sweden, it is suggested that the atypical pattern ...
Johnson L - - 1985
Seasonal variation in number of spermatogonia and germ cell degeneration was evaluated to determine which mechanism might explain seasonal differences in daily sperm production per testis (DSP/testis) or per g parenchyma (DSP/g) in stallions. Comparing 28 adult stallions (4 to 20 yr old) in each of the nonbreeding (December-January) and ...
Beaumont F - - 1985
In order to obtain actual data about the qualitative and quantitative occurrence of airborne fungi in The Netherlands, a viable-volumetric sample survey with the Andersen sampler was undertaken. From April 1981 to the end of June 1983, one day a week samples were taken on the unobstructed rooftop of a ...
Lenz E R - - 1985
The relationships of sex-role attributes and gender to perceptions of changes in intimacy and in the overall marital relationship were examined, as was the quality of that relationship following the birth of an infant. For a sample of 165 couples, positive changes in intimacy and in the overall relationship following ...
Van Voorhis P - - 1985
Probationers ordered to pay restitution were classified by Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development in order to (a) identify background correlates of moral development; (b) explore the relation between moral development and restitution compliance; and (c) differentially identify facilitating circumstances of restitution. The research was conducted in Albuquerque, New Mexico, from ...
Gowers S - - 1985
A retrospective case-notes study of 252 patients was undertaken, to focus on their birth order, and other aspects of their sibships. There is little evidence of a relationship to birth order using an established measure (Slater, 1962). Previous researchers have found a preponderance of female siblings in the families of ...
Jongbloet P H - - 1985
In a month-of-birth study of Down syndrome (DS) individuals, we found--in agreement with a previous collaborative European study (Jongbloet et al. 1982)--a distribution of maternal meiosis I (Mat MI)-DS births, both graphically and statistically differing from that of both total births (P less than 0.05) and from that of the ...
Buchanan D S - - 1984
Matings and litters were studied involving all three-breed crosses (sired by purebred boars) and four-breed crosses (sired by cross-bred boars) from the Duroc, Yorkshire, Landrace and Spotted breeds. There were 764 female mating records and 161 boars used over five sequential breeding seasons. A sample of pregnant gilts was slaughtered ...
Veicsteinas A - - 1984
The PO2 at which hemoglobin is half-saturated with O2 (P50) at 37 degrees C, PCO2 = 42 Torr, measured pH and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate-to-hemoglobin concentration ratio ( [2,3-DPG]/[Hb]) values, Hill's coefficient (n) at rest, and maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) were determined in 11 world-class professional bicycle racers off-season (control, C), after 3 ...
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