Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 717
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Schnur D B - - 1995
Schizophrenia is said to be associated with a modest excess of winter births. We examined relations of season of birth (SOB) to the skin conductance response (SCR) and finger pulse amplitude response (FPAR) components of the orienting response (OR) in 83 schizophrenic patients, 59 depressed patients, and 81 normal controls. ...
Kell M J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: In contrast with the non-opiate dependent population, persons biologically-dependent upon opioids display an excess life-time prevalence of affective and anxiety disorders. Many of these addicts state that opiates, particularly methadone, relieve or diminish the severity of their dysphoria. The purpose of this study is to explore this phenomena by ...
Gaudet J P - - 1995
Birth order position for affected siblings was examined for 88 sibships having 2 or more cases of multiple sclerosis (MS). The data show that MS patients are randomly ordered by birth within these multiplex sibships. The data therefore do not support the hypothesis that MS occurs in siblings because of ...
Gaudet J P - - 1995
Birth order position was examined in 164 cases with sporadic multiple sclerosis (MS), i.e. no other family members with MS, and spousal controls, matched for sibship size, socioeconomic status and opposite sex. The results did not find an association between birth order position and the subsequent development of MS and ...
Warner R - - 1995
The frequency of schizophrenia may have increased during the early stages of industrialization and may now be declining. Early in the process of development, the illness appeared to be more common among the upper classes and later, more common in the lower classes. As with certain other diseases, the occurrence ...
McGrath J J - - 1994
The dates of birth of patients who were admitted with schizophrenia to public hospitals in Queensland between the years 1972 and 1988 were examined for associations between risk of schizophrenia and influenza epidemics. The hypothesis that infants born between four and six months after an influenza epidemic onset have increased ...
Rifkin L - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight has been postulated to be a risk factor for schizophrenia. METHOD: Obstetric history, premorbid adjustment, and cognitive function during admission were assessed in 167 patients with DSM-III schizophrenia or affective psychosis. RESULTS: A birth weight of less than 2500 g was significantly more common in patients ...
O'Callaghan E - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Recently, several investigators have reported an association between influenza epidemics and increased birth rates of 'preschizophrenic' individuals some four to six months later. Here we examine whether maternal exposure to other infectious diseases can also predispose the foetus to later schizophrenia. METHOD: Two independent sets of dates of birth ...
Namgung R - - 1994
Seasonal differences in bone mineral indices have not been studied in newborn infants. In adults, indicators of bone metabolism may show seasonal variations. In postneonatal infants and possibly in adults, vitamin D metabolism shows seasonal variations. We hypothesized that in winter-born infants, the bone mineral content is low and serum ...
d'Amato T - - 1994
Many studies have established that birth dates during the winter and early spring months are more common in schizophrenic patients than in the general population. It has been hypothesized that children born in winter are more likely to be exposed to environmental factors which could lead to the development of ...
Kim C E - - 1994
This study investigates whether there is any difference in the month of birth between people with schizophrenia and controls in Korea. When 1606 patients with schizophrenia were compared with 4582 age- and sex-matched controls, there was no statistically significant difference in the month of birth, the season of birth of ...
Stanford C B - - 1994
Predatory patterns in wild chimpanzees are important evidence in the continuing debate about the role of hunting in the behavior of early hominids. Data are presented on the predator-prey ecology of red colobus monkeys Colobus badius tephrosceles) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Gombe National Park, Tanzania, from 1982 through ...
Madrigal L - - 1994
Mortality seasonality has been frequently reported in populations living under various ecological conditions. The number of deaths apparently varies by month as a result of fluctuating climatic variables. Here, I examine whether mortality was seasonally distributed in Escazú, Costa Rica, from 1851 to 1921. I also investigate which cause of ...
Papadopoulos B - - 1994
During the period from May to October 1992, a survey of phlebotomine sandflies was conducted in the Greater Athens region where cases of human and canine leishmaniasis occur. Using castor-oil paper traps, a total of 3015 sandflies were caught. Of the identified specimens, 1002 (34.1%) were Phlebotomus neglectus, 541 (18.4%) ...
Xue J L - - 1994
Seasonal variation of reproductive performance of female swine was analyzed by use of a data base that included farrowing records from 42 commercial swine herds. Farrowing rates of sows bred during December or January were higher (P < 0.001) than those bred in July or August (79.2 vs 74.1%). The ...
Suwanabun N - - 1994
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) highly specific for the characteristic repeat units of the circumsporozoite proteins of the VK 247 and VK 210 polymorphs of Plasmodium vivax were used to test sporozoites produced by feeding mosquitoes on 1,711 human volunteers presenting at four locations in Thailand over five years. There was ...
Matsuda S - - 1994
Seasonal variations of births in six different prefectures in Japan are analysed using Vital Statistics from 1974 to 1983. First births show a bimodal pattern with two peaks, one in winter (December-February) and the other in summer to early autumn (August-September). The seasonality of first births is statistically significantly correlated ...
Günther-Genta F - - 1994
Schizophrenics have been repeatedly found to experience more obstetric complications (OCs) at birth. The meaning of such a finding is debated, and the aim of this study is to contribute to the understanding of OCs' aetiological role in schizophrenia. We compared a group of schizophrenic patients with their siblings and ...
Walkden-Brown S W - - 1994
Each month, for 15 months, the testes and epididymides were recovered from five Australian cashmere bucks selected at random from a group of mature bucks (initial n = 116) at pasture (location 29 degrees S, 153 degrees E). The extent of seasonal change in testicular and epididymal sperm reserves was ...
Takei N - - 1994
The question of whether prenatal exposure to influenza epidemics is associated with an increased risk of later schizophrenia remains controversial. The authors examined this relationship, using data on the dates of birth and gender of 3,827 schizophrenic patients born in England and Wales between 1938 and 1965 and first admitted ...
WolaƄski N - - 1994
The paper is focused on the seasonal pattern of birth and occurrence of menarche in different populations. The material collected in 1988/89 consists of 522 girls and their 249 mothers from schools of Merida, and of 135 girls and their 66 mothers from Progreso (Yucatan, Mexico). Occurrence of a biorhythm ...
Pallast E G - - 1994
In this study we examined whether the well-known winter excess of schizophrenic births exists among Dutch schizophrenia patients when statistical artifacts such as the age-incidence and age-prevalence effects are avoided and, if so, whether the seasonal preovulatory release of overripe ovum (SPrOO) hypothesis, that is, seasonally bound ovopathy, might be ...
Aschauer H N - - 1994
We examined the birth distribution of 2,450 schizophrenic and 682 schizoaffective patients first admitted between 1971 and 1992 to the University Hospital for Psychiatry in Vienna. Our data showed an excess of schizophrenic births in the first quarter of the year and a deficit in the third quarter compared with ...
Takei N - - 1993
We examined the relationship between influenza epidemics and the number of schizophrenic and affective psychotic individuals born each month between 1938 and 1965 in England and Wales. Increased death rates from influenza were followed 5 months later by a significant increase in schizophrenic births and a concurrent fall in the ...
Wen X - - 1993
Two samples of births were used to examine the effect of son preference and population policy on sex ratios in Hebei and Shaanxi provinces of China. The results from all births to women aged 15-49 in the 1985 In-Depth Fertility Survey indicated a strong son preference but no clear policy ...
Abassa P K - - 1993
Birth and weaning data on zebu cattle (Gudali and Wakwa) of north Central Cameroon were analysed. Calf breed, sire and sex had significant effects (P < 0.01 or 0.001) on birth weight while parity and season of birth were not important. Calf breed, sex, season of birth and birth weight ...
Milham S S - - 1993
In the years of 1980-1990, there were 139 birth records filed in Washington State on which father's occupation was designated as "carbon setter," a job title specific to aluminum reduction plants of the prebake type. Fifty-three (53) of these records specified sex of the birth as male, while 86 records ...
Livingston R - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Increased risk for certain psychiatric disorders has been associated with season of birth. This study was undertaken to look for hypothesized season-of-birth effects for dyslexia, schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and neurological soft signs in children and adolescents. METHOD: Month of birth and the diagnostic findings in question were examined based ...
Evans S J - - 1993
The seasonality of canine births was investigated using records from the Kennel Club and the breeding centre for the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. In these populations a distinct seasonal pattern was found with a greater number of puppies being born in the summer months than the winter. The ...
Dechamp C - - 1993
The aim of this study is to appreciate what conclusions may be drawn from the comparison between two different methods for pollen count determination in clinical allergology. In Lyon (France), two pollen collectors are set up in two places separated by ten kilometers, as the crow flies. The Hirst-type trap ...
Madrigal L - - 1993
Demographic studies repeatedly indicate that human births tend to fluctuate in a seasonal pattern, particularly in agricultural groups. Interestingly, lack of seasonal variation has been infrequently reported. Recently, Arcury et al. (1990) indicated that only one published study identified a population in which no seasonality of births was demonstrated. Here, ...
Jongbloet P H - - 1993
In order to explain the winter (and often summer) birth excess of women characterized by subfecundity two competing hypotheses have been proposed: i) the seasonal preovulatory overripeness ovopathy (SPrOO) hypothesis (1-3) and ii) the epidemic seasonal infertility factors (ESIFs) hypothesis (4-6). The former assumes nonoptimum maturation of the oocyte during ...
McNeil T F - - 1993
Head circumference, body weight, body length, and shoulder circumference at birth were studied in 70 RDC schizophrenic patients and 70 demographically matched controls from the same delivery series, using information recorded in the medical records at the time of birth. With preterm babies removed from both samples, only head circumference ...
Webber R H - - 1993
Based on the infant parasite rate where an increasing number of infants become positive for each month of age (until a plateau is reached) a measure is developed using surveillance blood slides of all cases of malaria at the start of the transmission season. The fortnightly PCD returns from the ...
Currie W D - - 1993
Diurnal and seasonal fluctuations were detected in luteinizing hormone (LH) interpulse interval, but not amplitude, in ewes examined during the mid-luteal phase of an oestrous cycle at five stages of the breeding season. Daytime and night-time LH interpulse intervals were greater in the early and late than in the mid-breeding ...
Torrey E F - - 1993
A study of the birth pattern of 30,467 patients with schizophrenia and 428,406 stillbirths in New York State showed a significant winter-month excess in both schizophrenia births (p = 0.0000) and stillbirths (p = 0.0000). Excess births of individuals with schizophrenia in November and December provided additional evidence to refute ...
Bercovitch F B - - 1993
Most cercopithecines reproduce on a seasonal basis, but the proximate mechanisms influencing birth periodicity are often unclear. We analyze 10 years of data from the Gilgil Baboon Project (Kenya) in order to examine the relationship between annual birth patterns and rainfall. Savanna baboons at Gilgil copulated in all months of ...
Eregie C O - - 1992
This report presents the observations on seasonality and neonatal tetanus (NNT) mortality from a cluster survey on NNT mortality conducted in Kano metropolis, Northern Nigeria. A two stage cluster sampling method was used for the survey. There were 2,623 live-births with 1778 (67%) occurring in the dry season (October-May). The ...
Gupta S - - 1992
Measures of morbid risk for schizophrenia derived from the WHO Determinants of Outcome of Severe Mental Disorders Study showed large correlations with the following: an occupational index, a measure of urbanicity, geographical and climatic variables, a dietary measure, and the infant mortality rate. The same variables were also correlated with ...
Faustman W O - - 1992
Repeated studies suggest a relationship between winter birth and increased incidence of schizophrenia. Furthermore, there may be seasonal fluctuations in schizophrenia risk factors (e.g., influenza epidemics) and the severity of biological anomalies (e.g., enlarged cerebral ventricles in neuroimaging studies). In order to assess whether winter-born schizophrenics show greater neuropsychological impairment, ...
Namgung R - - 1992
Possible seasonal differences in newborn bone mineral content (BMC) have not been studied. Adult studies show seasonal variations with lower BMC in winter versus summer. Assuming that BMC variations may relate in part to vitamin D status, we hypothesized that newborn BMC would be lower in winter than summer. BMC ...
Cooper S J - - 1992
"The birth dates of schizophrenic inpatients in eight health regions in England and Wales were reviewed for any effect of the 1957 A2 influenza epidemic. 5 months after the peak infection prevalence, the number of births of individuals who later developed schizophrenia was 88% higher than the average number of ...
Schanda H - - 1992
The premorbid psychosocial adjustment of 28 schizophrenic criminal offenders, 23 non-criminal-offender schizophrenics (ICD-9) and 14 nonpsychotic criminals was compared by means of the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS). The schizophrenic groups did not differ regarding age, marital status, diagnostic subgroup or length of illness. PAS scores showed highly significant differences between ...
Goodman S H - - 1992
Pregnancy and birth complications in births to 57 schizophrenic, 28 depressed, and 31 well women were studied. The sample was of low socioeconomic status and predominantly African-American. The study extended earlier work on the perinatal status of infants born to schizophrenic women by including measures of severity of maternal disturbance, ...
Boldsen J L - - 1992
All 8th-form schoolgirls from the municipality of Odense in Denmark were asked at what age they reached menarche, and 886 girls (97.6%) gave this information. There is no evidence for seasonality in the time of birth but for far more girls than expected menarche occurred during winter or summer and ...
Marcuzzi G - - 1992
We present results on the seasonality of death in four communes of the Val di Scalve (Bergamo Pre-Alps, Lombardia, Italy). The seasonality is remarkable in all four localities and also in both halves of the century examined (1889-1988). In particular, the mortality peaks during the cold season.
Dykes K L - - 1992
Previous research has demonstrated: (1) Subjects who are at genetic high risk for schizophrenia and who suffer delivery complications are at increased risk to evidence a widened third ventricle. (2) A widened third ventricle is related to decreased ANS arousal and, among schizophrenics, is related to negative symptom schizophrenia. (3) ...
Fish B - - 1992
A 1975 report stated that a schizophrenic genotype may be manifested in infants by a neurointegrative defect called pandysmaturation. Recent evidence supports this: (1) 12 studies found delayed development in schizophrenics' infants and in preschizophrenics; (2) "blind" psychometric evaluations favored an adult schizotypal disorder in four to six of seven ...
Bolton P - - 1992
Rates of birth in the general population show seasonal fluctuations for reasons that are ill understood. Variations from these general population patterns have been reported for several psychiatric conditions and used as the basis for aetiological hypotheses. In this paper, the evidence for alterations in the expected seasonal fluctuation in ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >