Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1174
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Smithson W Henry WH Department of General Practice, University College Cork Ireland, Western Gateway Building, Western Road, Cork, Ireland, - - 2014
Epilepsy is associated with a higher rate of premature death than the general population, and the commonest cause of epilepsy mortality is sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). It is difficult to quantify because of the variable reporting of this cause of death. Death occurs due to autonomic deregulation of ...
Yerushalmy J J Child Health and Development Studies, Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley; the Kaiser Foundation Research Institute; and the Permanente Medical Group, Oakland, - - 2014
The relationship of parents' cigarette smoking to outcome of pregnancy-implications as to the problem of inferring causation from observed associations. Amer J Epidem 1971;93:443-456. Nearly 10 000 white and more than 3000 black women were interviewed early in pregnancy on a variety of medical, genetic, environmental, and behavior variables. The ...
Malhotra Nisha N Vancouver School of Economics, Faculty of Arts, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T1Z1, - - 2014
To examine the role of maternal diet in determining low birth weight (LBW) in Indian infants. Data from the National Family Health Survey (2005-06) were used. Multivariate regression analysis was used to analyse the effect of maternal diet on infant birth weight. Infants whose mothers consumed milk and curd daily ...
Berghuis Sietske A SA * Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental chemicals which are potentially toxic to the developing brain. Their hydroxylated metabolites (OH-PCBs) are suggested to be even more toxic. Knowledge about the health effects of prenatal OH-PCB exposure is limited. To determine whether prenatal background exposure to PCBs and OH-PCBs is associated with neurological ...
García-Ormaechea Inés I Ophthalmology Department, Asociación Telefónica Asistencia Minusválidos (ATAM), Madrid, - - 2014
Visual cognitive integrative functions need to be evaluated by a behavioral assessment, which requires an experienced evaluator. The Preverbal Visual Assessment (PreViAs) questionnaire was designed to evaluate these functions, both in general pediatric population or in children with high risk of visual cognitive problems, through primary caregivers' answers. We aimed ...
Walker Natalie N National Institute for Health Innovation, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand; - - 2014
Secondhand smoke (SHS) is a significant cause of acute respiratory illness (ARI) and 5 times more common in indigenous children. A single-blind randomized trial was undertaken to determine the efficacy of a family centered SHS intervention to reduce ARI in indigenous infants in Australia and New Zealand. Indigenous mothers/infants from ...
Oh Ki Won KW Department of Pediatrics, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
Thyroid dysfunction affects clinical complications in preterm infants and older children. However, thyroid hormone replacement in preterm infants has no proven benefits, possibly owing to the lack of an appropriate reference range for thyroid hormone levels. We aimed to establish a reference range for triiodothyronine (T3) levels at 1-month postnatal ...
Gaynor J William JW Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype is a determinant of neurologic recovery after brain ischemia and traumatic brain injury. The APOE ε2 allele has been associated with worse neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome after repair of congenital heart defects (CHD) in infancy. Replication of this finding in an independent cohort is essential to validate ...
Pindrik Jonathan J Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Introduction. This study investigates radiographically acquired normative ranges of anterior fontanelle closure (AFC) and surface area (SA) in healthy full-term infants. Methods. High-resolution head computed tomography (CT) scans were retrospectively reviewed for AFC and AF dimensions to allow approximation of AF SA. Results. Between 15 and 23 head CT scans ...
Denison Stephanie S University of Waterloo, Department of Psychology, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
Reasoning under uncertainty is the bread and butter of everyday life. Many areas of psychology, from cognitive, developmental, social, to clinical, are interested in how individuals make inferences and decisions with incomplete information. The ability to reason under uncertainty necessarily involves probability computations, be they exact calculations or estimations. What ...
Nam So-Hyun - - 2013
Hemoperitoneum in the neonate is uncommon. We report our experience with a neonate who suddenly developed hemoperitoneum in late gestation. Ascites with right pleural effusion initially suggested fetal hydrops. However, a decrease in hemoglobin with bloody ascites from the paracentesis gave the impression of hemoperitoneum. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed ...
Zhang Ying - - 2013
This study investigated whether arterial blood pressure waveform analysis could be useful for estimating left ventricular outflow (LVO) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) in preterm infants. A cohort of 27 infants were studied, with 89 measurements of left ventricular outflow (LVO) using Doppler echocardiography and arterial pressure using catheters, performed ...
Morabia Alfredo - - 2013
In 1906 Arthur Newsholme linked artificial feeding and fatal diarrhea in infants aged one year and younger on the basis of two independent sources of information: mortality registration and a three-year (1903-1905) census of infants from Brighton, United Kingdom. Artificial feeding was more common in the infants who had died ...
Kiley Hamlin J J Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. - - 2013
Evaluating individuals based on their pro- and anti-social behaviors is fundamental to successful human interaction. Recent research suggests that even preverbal infants engage in social evaluation; however, it remains an open question whether infants' judgments are driven uniquely by an analysis of the mental states that motivate others' helpful and ...
Ciftci Ilhan - - 2013
NONE DECLARED. Teratomas are derived from embryonic tissues that are typically found in the gonadal and sacrococcygeal regions of adults and children. Primary teratomas in the retroperitoneum are very rare in infant and primary adrenal teratomas are extremely rare. Early diagnosis and surgical resection are important for effective treatment. We ...
Samuels Curtis A CA Department of Psychology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, - - 2013
The visual preferences of human infants for faces that varied in their attractiveness and in their symmetry about the midline were explored. The aim was to establish whether infants' visual preference for attractive faces may be mediated by the vertical symmetry of the face. Chimeric faces, made from photographs of ...
Javali Tarun Dilip TD Department of Urology, MS Ramaiah Hospital, Bangalore, - - 2013
Herein we present a case of a 7-month-old baby girl, with left single system ectopic ureter, in whom the ureter was dilated to such an extent that it presented as an abdominal mass. Diagnosis was established by means of computed tomography. Work up was completed with renal scan and micturating ...
Proisy Maïa M Department of Radiology, Rennes University Hospital, CHU Hôpital Sud, Boulevard de Bulgarie, BP 90347, 35203 Rennes Cedex 2, France. - - 2013
To investigate the contribution of whole-body post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) in sudden unexpected death in infants and children. Forty-seven cases of sudden unexpected death in children investigated with radiographic skeletal survey, whole-body PMCT and autopsy were enrolled. For imaging interpretation, non-specific post-mortem modifications and abnormal findings related to the presumed ...
Stewart Cj - - 2012
Aim:  To describe gut colonisation in preterm infants using standard culture and 16S gene rRNA profiling, exploring differences in healthy infants and those who developed NEC/late onset sepsis (LOS). Methods:  99 stools from 38 infants median 27 weeks gestation were cultured; 44 stools from 27 infants had their microbial profiles ...
Cernada María - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: To establish the incidence, etiology, risk factors, and outcomes associated with ventilator-associated pneumonia using an invasive sampling technique to avoid contamination. PATIENTS:: Eligible patients were intubated neonates treated with mechanical ventilation who followed the criteria of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance. Bronchoalveolar lavage samples ...
Bressan Silvia - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:: The "Lab-score" combining C-reactive protein, procalcitonin and urine dipstick results has recently been derived and validated as an accurate tool for predicting severe bacterial infections (SBI) in children with fever without source (FWS). We aimed to assess the "Lab-score" usefulness in predicting SBI, and especially invasive bacterial ...
Byington Carrie L CL Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, USA. - - 2012
Febrile infants in the first 90 days may have life-threatening serious bacterial infection (SBI). Well-appearing febrile infants with SBI cannot be distinguished from those without by examination alone. Variation in care resulting in both undertreatment and overtreatment is common. We developed and implemented an evidence-based care process model (EB-CPM) for ...
Stam Jose - - 2012
Aim:  To assess in infants the number of illness episodes treated with antibiotics and prescription rates in five European countries. Methods:  This study was embedded in a multicenter nutritional intervention study and was conducted in five European countries. Infants were followed until 1 year of age. Illness episodes and prescriptions of ...
Miyata Akane - - 2012
Aim:  We investigated trends in early-onset group B streptococcal disease (EOD) after the introduction of culture-based screening in Japan. Material and Methods:  A retrospective cohort study examined EOD trends in 9506 pregnancies and 10 715 neonates at our center from 2002 to 2009. Results:  EOD occurred in four neonates (4/7332: 0.55/1000 ...
Shane Andi L AL Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2012
Data are limited on the impact of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on morbidity and mortality among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with S aureus (SA) bacteremia and/or meningitis (B/M). Neonatal data for VLBW infants (birth weight 401-1500 g) born January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2008, who received care ...
Rana Divya - - 2012
To determine epidemiology and clinical characteristics of infants with methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). All NICU admissions (2001 to 2008) with any positive S. aureus culture were included as cases. Cases were further characterized as either colonized or infected ...
Rudi K - - 2012
Aims:  The impact of bacterial transmission from mother to child on human allergy development is poorly understood. The aim of the present work was therefore to use a temporal collected data-set of 117 mothers and their children to model the potential effect of mother to child bacterial transmission on allergy ...
Greenhow Tara L - - 2012
BACKGROUND Bacteremia in young infants has remained an important ongoing concern for decades. Despite changes in prenatal screening and infant immunizations, the current epidemiology of this problem has received little attention. We conducted a retrospective analysis of all blood cultures collected at Kaiser Permanente Northern California on full-term, previously healthy ...
Gong Xin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to introduce a method of presurgical maxillary molding using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping in infants with bilateral cleft lip and palate. Seven infants (4 male and 3 female with overall mean age of 7 days) with bilateral cleft lip and palate were subjected ...
Gadsby N J - - 2012
In common with reports from other European countries, we describe a substantial increase in the number of laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in Scotland in 2010 and 2011. The highest number of reports came from those aged one year and younger. However, reports from young children were more likely to ...
Subramaniam Akila - - 2012
Preterm birth (PTB) remains a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The association between PTB and infection is clear. The purpose of this report is to present a focused review of information on the use of antibiotics to prevent PTB. We performed a search of the PubMed database restricted ...
Stewart Alice - - 2012
Intercostal catheters are commonly used for the drainage of intrathoracic collections in newborn infants, including pneumothorax and pleural effusions. Placement of an intercostal drain is a potential risk factor for nosocomial infection due to breach of the cutaneous barrier. Therefore, neonates who require intercostal drainage, especially those in high risk ...
Shah Sachin S - - 2012
Neonatal meningitis may be caused by bacteria, especially gram-negative bacteria, which are difficult to eradicate from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using safe doses of antibiotics. In theory, intraventricular administration of antibiotics would produce higher antibiotic concentrations in the CSF than intravenous administration alone, and eliminate the bacteria more quickly. However, ...
Härtel Christoph - - 2012
We evaluated blood culture-proven sepsis episodes occurring in microclusters in very-low-birth-weight infants born in the German Neonatal Network (GNN) during 2009-2010. Thirty-seven centers participated in GNN; 23 centers enrolled ≥50 VLBW infants in the study period. Data quality was approved by on-site monitoring. Microclusters of sepsis were defined as occurrence ...
Seidl Amanda - - 2012
There is a substantial literature describing how infants become more sensitive to differences between native phonemes (sounds that are both present and meaningful in the input) and less sensitive to differences between non-native phonemes (sounds that are neither present nor meaningful in the input) over the course of development. Here, ...
Kawai Vivian K - - 2012
To facilitate the use of automated databases for studies of sudden cardiac death, we previously developed a computerized case definition that had a positive predictive value between 86% and 88%. However, the definition has not been specifically validated for prescription opioid users, for whom out-of-hospital overdose deaths may be difficult ...
Precup Doina D Department of Computer Science, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 0E9, Canada. - - 2012
The majority of extreme preterm infants require endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation (ETT-MV) during the first days of life to survive. Unfortunately this therapy is associated with adverse clinical outcomes and consequently, it is desirable to remove ETT-MV as quickly as possible. However, about 25% of extubated infants will fail ...
Tripathi Nidhi N Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis causes significant morbidity and mortality, especially in preterm infants. Clinicians are compelled to treat with empiric antibiotics at the first signs of suspected sepsis. Broad-spectrum antibiotics and prolonged treatment with empiric antibiotics are associated with adverse outcomes. Most common neonatal pathogens are susceptible to narrow-spectrum antibiotics. The choice ...
Holý O - - 2011
Cronobacter spp. belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae. It is a motile (peritricha) Gram-negative non-spore forming bacterium. At present, Enterobacter sakazakii is reported as a Cronobacter spp. species with 16 biogroups. It is a ubiquitous organism whose isolation used to be associated with a contaminated powdered infant formula and feed for ...
Taveras Elsie M EM Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, and Children's Hospital, 133 Brookline Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2011
To assess the feasibility of a pediatric primary care based intervention to promote healthful behaviors among 0-6 month old infants and their mothers. We enrolled two intervention practices (60 mother-infant pairs) and one usual care control practice (24 pairs) in a non-randomized controlled trial. We completed visits and interviews with ...
Wang Lili L Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Medical School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2011
Many genetic metabolic diseases manifest in infancy, therefore, it is important to develop effective treatments that could be implemented at this time. Adeno-associated virus serotype 8 (AAV8) gene transfer has been studied in neonatal mouse, cat, and dog models and shown some efficacy with a single hepatic injection at birth. ...
Chen Maurice G - - 2011
Surfactant proteins A (SP-A) and SP-B are critical in the ability of pulmonary surfactant to reduce alveolar surface tension and provide innate immunity. Aspiration of infant milk formula can lead to lung dysfunction, but direct effects of aspirated formula on surfactant protein expression in pulmonary cells have not been described. ...
Waligora-Dupriet A J - - 2011
Some clinical studies have suggested a relationship between allergic diseases and gut microbiota. We aimed to study bifidobacterial colonization at species and strain levels in ten allergic French infants included at their first clinical consultation and 20 controls matching for age at sampling, mode of delivery, per partum antibiotics, type ...
Coppa Giovanni V - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: The aim was of this study is to identify a link between the total amount of breast milk oligosaccharides and faecal microbiota composition of newborns at the end of the first month of life, with special attention paid to bifidobacteria, and establish the role, if any, of the different ...
Dale Lourdes P LP Department of Psychology, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA. - - 2011
Successful development during the first year of life is dependent on the infant's ability to regulate behavioral and physiological state in response to unpredictable environmental challenges. Although most infants develop skills to self-soothe and regulate behavior, a subset lacks these skills and develops regulatory disorders (RD). The purpose of this ...
Rozga Agata A Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2011
We investigated whether deficits in social gaze and affect and in joint attention behaviors are evident within the first year of life among siblings of children with autism who go on to be diagnosed with autism or ASD (ASD) and siblings who are non-diagnosed (NoASD-sib) compared to low-risk controls. The ...
Fallani Matteo - - 2011
Although it is well established that early infant feeding has a major influence on the establishment of the gut microbiota, very little is understood about how introduction of first solid food influences the colonisation process. This study aimed to determine the impact of weaning on faecal microbiota composition of infants ...
Li Lingling - - 2011
Infantile hydrocephalus in East Africa is predominantly postinfectious. The microbial origins remain elusive, since most patients present with postinfectious hydrocephalus after antecedent neonatal sepsis (NS) has resolved. To characterize this syndrome in Ugandan infants, the authors used polymerase chain reaction targeting bacterial 16S ribosomal DNA from CSF to determine if ...
Dey Shuvra Kanti - - 2011
Noroviruses (NoV) are important causes of acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children. This study investigated the prevalence of NoV infections in infants and children with acute gastroenteritis in Japan from July 2006 to June 2007. A total of 628 fecal specimens were collected from infants and children with acute ...
Kristóf Katalin - - 2010
The occurrence of Candida spp. was investigated during a three-year period in two neonatal intensive care units, Budapest, Hungary. The species distribution among the 41 analysed cases was the following: C. albicans (30/41, 73%), C. parapsilosis (10/41, 24%) and C. glabrata (1/41, 3%). All of the isolates were susceptible to ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >