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Kinnally Erin L EL University of California Davis, USA. - - 2010
A subset of serotonin (5-HT) pathway polymorphisms has been shown to confer risk for psychological dysfunction, particularly in individuals who experience early adversity. Understanding the developmental processes underlying these Gene x Environment interactions will strengthen the search for risk factors for behavioral dysfunction. We investigated the combined influence of two ...
Schwartz Carl E CE Developmental Neuroimaging and Psychopathology Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Psychiatric Neuroscience Program, Bldg 149, 13th Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2010
The term temperament refers to a biologically based predilection for a distinctive pattern of emotions, cognitions, and behaviors first observed in infancy or early childhood. High-reactive infants are characterized at age 4 months by vigorous motor activity and crying in response to unfamiliar visual, auditory, and olfactory stimuli, whereas low-reactive ...
Cross Ian - - 2009
The crying behaviours of newborn infants are shown to be surprisingly sophisticated, reflecting generic prosodic features of their native languages.
Liu Jing J Department of Pediatrics, Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02905, - - 2010
This study examined the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) as a predictor of negative medical and behavioral findings at 1 month to 4.5 years of age. The sample included 1248 mother-infant dyads (42% born at <37 weeks' gestational age [GA]) who were participating in a longitudinal study of the effects ...
Kutsuki Aya - - 2009
Between 10 and 15 months of age, infants seem to become increasingly communicative. The focus of this study was changes in request behavior among infants at ages 11, 13, and 15 months (N = 22) in a longitudinal design. Changes in durations and frequencies of four different modes of behavior ...
Sullivan Regina M RM Emotional Brain Institute, The Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, NY 10962, USA. - - 2010
Survival of altricial infants, including humans and rats, depends on attachment to the caregiver - a process that requires infants to recognize, learn, and remember their attachment figure. The demands of a dynamic environment combined with a maturing organism require frequent neurobehavioral reorganization. This restructuring of behavior and its supporting ...
Bashaw Meredith J - - 2010
Hand-rearing of captive great ape infants is sometimes necessary but can have negative behavioral consequences. Modern hand-rearing protocols, including early integration into a diverse group of conspecifics, appear to reduce the negative consequences of hand-rearing, but the process of integration is not well studied. We investigated six potential metrics of ...
Harrison Denise - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of oral sucrose in the reduction of single episodes of acute procedural pain in newborn infants has been demonstrated in a large number of well-conducted randomized controlled trials. However, there are few studies that have examined the effectiveness of repeated doses of sucrose and there are no ...
Badiee Zohreh - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether high dose paracetamol (40 mg/kg orally) relieves pain in premature infants. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial analyzing the effect of high dose oral paracetamol on pain response due to heel prick in 72 premature infants treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of ...
Li Qi - - 2009
Premature infants have chronic hypoxia, resulting in cognitive and motor neurodevelopmental handicaps caused by suboptimal neural stem cell (NSC) repair/recovery in neurogenic zones (including the subventricular and the subgranular zones). Understanding the variable central nervous system repair response is crucial to identifying "at risk" infants and to increasing survival and ...
Dhaliwal C A CA Centre for Reproductive Biology, Queens Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK. - - 2010
To compare the pain experienced by premature infants undergoing wide-field digital retinal imaging (WFDRI) and binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy (BIO) for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening. Infants were recruited at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary Neonatal Unit, Edinburgh, UK. Eyes were examined by WFDRI and BIO with eyelid speculum by two experienced paediatric ...
Marchand Aur??lie M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This case series presents information on diagnosis and treatment of 13 cases of benign infant headache presenting to a chiropractic teaching clinic. CLINICAL FEATURES: A retrospective search was performed for files of infants presenting with probable headache revealing 13 cases of headache from 350 files. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOMES: Thirteen ...
Obeidat Hala - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neonatal care demands attention to interventions that effectively reduce pain with pharmacological and nonpharmacological methods in preterm infants during invasive procedures. PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the efficacy of facilitated tucking as nonpharmacological pain management in preterm infants. METHOD: Electronic searches were conducted using ...
Kurth Elisabeth - - 2011
to synthesise the evidence on the interconnectedness of infant crying and maternal tiredness in the postpartum period, both from quantitative as well as from qualitative studies. a systematic review was conducted including studies in English, French and German published from 1980 to 2007. Studies were included in the systematic review ...
Im Hyesang - - 2009
Two weeks of touch intervention, either Yakson or Gentle Human Touch (GHT) have been shown to reduce the levels of stress hormones. This study evaluated the acute impact of both interventions on state during and immediately after touch. Forty preterm infants with a gestational age of < or =34 weeks ...
Ibeziako N S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Excessive infant crying, though usually benign, can be very troublesome to parents with unwanted consequences on the child. Previous reports had shown cultural and racial differences in it's perception by mothers. We undertook this study to determine the prevalence of excessive crying in our area of practice and also ...
Young Gregory S GS MIND Institute, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95817, USA. - - 2009
This paper presents follow-up longitudinal data to research that previously suggested the possibility of abnormal gaze behavior marked by decreased eye contact in a subgroup of 6-month-old infants at risk for autism (Merin, Young, Ozonoff & Rogers, 2007). Using eye-tracking data and behavioral data recorded during a live mother-infant interaction ...
Kinnally E L EL Department of Molecular Imaging and Neuropathology, Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Room 2917, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2010
Serotonin transporter (5-HTT) expression patterns may contribute to the risk for adverse psychological outcomes following early life stress. The present study investigated whether two types of early life stress, maternal and social aggression, and a serotonin transporter gene promoter polymorphism (rh5-HTTLPR) predicted lower post-stressor peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) 5-HTT ...
Slater Rebeccah R Department of Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2009
Change in facial expression over a fixed time after a noxious stimulus is the key measure used to calculate pain scores in preterm and newborn infants. We hypothesised that the latency of facial motor responses would be longer in the youngest premature infants and that behavioural scoring methods of pain ...
Over Harriet - - 2009
We show that the mere hint of affiliation dramatically increases prosocial behavior in infants. Eighteen-month-old infants helped a person in need more often, and more spontaneously, when primed with photographs evoking affiliation than when primed with photographs evoking individuality. This study demonstrates that social primes can have an influence on ...
Wermke Kathleen - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the influence of fetal growth on the fundamental frequency (F(0)) of neonatal crying in a group of healthy full-term infants. The spontaneous cries of 131 infants were audio recorded during the first week of life, and subsequently submitted to acoustic analyses. The ...
Jansen Jarno - - 2010
In this systematic review on empirical studies of cortisol reactivity to acute stressors in infants, we specifically focus on the role of infant age in the early development of cortisol reactivity to stressors. Our findings indicate that many psychological stressors do not provoke a cortisol reaction, but in response to ...
Haney A Lauren - - 2009
Gabapentin is a gamma-aminobutyric acid analog used for numerous neurologic conditions, including neuropathic pain and epilepsy. We describe a 39-week gestational age, male infant with hypotonicity, functional short gut, and microduplication of chromosome 22 who was treated with gabapentin to control pain and irritability. During his hospitalization, the infant experienced ...
Moszkowski Robin J - - 2009
The current study was designed to investigate the role of infant touch during early mother-infant interactions with changes in maternal availability. Forty-four dyads participated in the SF procedure. Objectives were to examine co-occurring behavioral pairs across periods, and to investigate the functions of touch. Findings revealed that co-occurring behaviors and ...
Marceau James R JR Department of Paediatrics, Nepean Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, N.S.W., - - 2010
One report indicated that taste-induced analgesia was sub-optimal in methadone-exposed (ME) infants. The purpose of this work was to compare the effects of oral sucrose in infants born to methadone-maintained mothers with control infants. The aim was to compare the effects of an oral sucrose solution in infants scheduled to ...
Rommeck Ina - - 2009
Nursery rearing is the single most important risk factor in the development of severe forms of abnormal behavior, such as self-biting, in rhesus macaques. This practice is common in research laboratories and typically involves continuous pair housing of infants without maternal contact. We examined the effects of variation in peer ...
Marshall Peter J PJ Department of Psychology, Temple University, 1701 N. 13th St, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA. - - 2009
Behavioral reactivity to novel stimuli in the first half-year of life has been identified as a key aspect of early temperament and a significant precursor of approach and withdrawal tendencies to novelty in later infancy and early childhood. The current study examines the neural signatures of reactivity to novel auditory ...
Vallotton Claire D - - 2009
Infants' effects on adults are a little studied but important aspect of development. What do infants do that increases caregiver responsiveness in childcare environments? Infants' communicative behaviors (i.e. smiling, crying) affect mothers' responsiveness; and preschool children's language abilities affect teachers' responses in the classroom setting. However, the effects of infants' ...
Butkevich Irina P - - 2009
The infant stage of rat development is a very important period for potential correction of adverse consequences produced by negative prenatal events. However the age limit for this correction needs to be investigated. The last prenatal and first two weeks after birth are "critical" for maturation of the nociceptive and ...
Enlow Michelle Bosquet MB Department of Psychiatry, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2009
To examine associations of maternal lifetime trauma and related psychological symptoms in the perinatal period with infant cardiorespiratory reactivity and behavioral distress in response to a laboratory stressor, using a novel advanced system recently adapted for infants. Participants were mothers and their 6-month-old infants. Assessments included mothers' self-reported lifetime exposure ...
Cong Xiaomei - - 2009
Heel stick is the most common painful procedure for preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units. Resultant pain causes adverse physiological effects in major organ systems. Kangaroo Care (KC), involving mother-infant skin-to-skin contact is a promising analgesic for infant pain; however, the effect of KC on the autonomic nervous system's ...
Jones Nancy Aaron - - 2009
Recent studies have shown associations between maternal psychopathology and inhibited behaviors in infants. Moreover, physiological factors have been identified as affecting the continuity of behavioral inhibition across childhood. The purpose of the present study was to examine electroencephalogram (EEG) activity and inhibited behavior in 12-month-old infants of depressed versus non-depressed ...
Field Tiffany T Touch Research Institute, University of Miami Medical School, Miami, FL 33101, USA. - - 2009
A review of our recent research suggests that infants of depressed mothers appeared to be less responsive to faces and voices as early as the neonatal period. At that time they have shown less orienting to the live face/voice stimulus of the Brazelton scale examiner and to their own and ...
Shoji Hirotaka - - 2009
The present study investigated the effects of variations in maternal behavior on the development of maternal behavior of female offspring in BALB/c and CBA/Ca inbred mice. In Experiment 1, we conducted fostering within or between the two strains and observed the maternal behaviors of mothers and female offspring for 2 ...
Erjavec Mihela - - 2009
The determinants of generalized imitation of manual gestures were investigated in 1- to 2-year-old infants. Eleven infants were first trained eight baseline matching relations; then, four novel gestures that the infants did not match in probe trials were selected as target behaviors. Next, in a generalized imitation test in which ...
Grunau Ruth E - - 2009
Procedural pain in the neonatal intensive care unit triggers a cascade of physiological, behavioral and hormonal disruptions which may contribute to altered neurodevelopment in infants born very preterm, who undergo prolonged hospitalization at a time of physiological immaturity and rapid brain development. The aim of this study was to examine ...
Leerkes Esther M EM Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, P. O. Box 26170, NC 27402-6170, USA. - - 2009
Associations between maternal sensitivity to infant distress and nondistress and infant social-emotional adjustment were examined in a subset of dyads from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care (N = 376). Mothers reported on infant temperament at 1 and 6 months postpartum, and maternal sensitivity to distress and nondistress were ...
Cignacco E - - 2009
Ventilated preterm infants are at high risk for procedural pain exposure. In Switzerland there is a lack of knowledge about the pain management in this highly vulnerable patient population. The aims of this study were to describe the type and frequency of procedures and to determine the amount of analgesia ...
Saltzman Wendy - - 2009
Both acute and chronic stress can impair maternal behavior and increase rates of infant abuse in several species. The mechanisms inducing these effects are unknown, but experimental manipulation of circulating corticosterone levels alters maternal behavior in rats, and circulating or excreted cortisol concentrations have been found to correlate either positively ...
Kotzampaltiris Paul V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic physicians believe that the birthing process causes cranial dysfunction that may be manifested in somatic symptoms, one of which is excessive crying of infancy. Cranial dysfunction can be determined by assessing the cranial rhythmic impulse (CRI). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine whether an abnormal ...
Maclean Peggy C PC Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. - - 2009
Emotional reactivity and regulation behaviors were compared in infants born extremely low gestational age (ELGA) and very low gestational age (VLGA) during the still-face procedure. Infants born ELGA demonstrated greater emotional reactivity and displayed less frequent gaze avoidance, more frequent gestures, and more self-comforting behaviors.
Taddio Anna - - 2009
This study determined the effects of cumulative exposure to painful needle procedures and sucrose analgesia on the development of remote hyperalgesia in newborn infants, defined as an increase in response to a normally painful stimulus at a site distal from the site of injury. One-hundred and twenty healthy newborns and ...
Dellatore David Fenwick - - 2009
Observations of ape cannibalism have to this point been limited to chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) where it is associated with infanticide and consumption by unrelated individuals (Watts and Mitani, Primates 41(4):357-365, 2000). Here we report for the first time observations of two unrelated female Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii) cannibalizing the remains ...
Semple Stuart - - 2009
Animal communication involves the transfer of information between a sender and one or more receivers. However, such interactions do not happen in a social vacuum; third parties are typically present, who can potentially eavesdrop upon or intervene in the interaction. The importance of such bystanders in shaping the outcome of ...
Barr Ronald G - - 2009
Shaken baby syndrome often occurs after shaking in response to crying bouts. We questioned whether the use of the educational materials from the Period of PURPLE Crying program would change maternal knowledge and behaviour related to shaking. We performed a randomized controlled trial in which 1279 mothers received materials from ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2009
This study examined physiological, emotional, and attentional regulatory functions as predictors of self-regulation in 125 infants followed 7 times from birth to 5 years. Physiological regulation was assessed by neonatal vagal tone and sleep-wake cyclicity; emotion regulation by response to stress at 3, 6, and 12 months; and attention regulation ...
Adachi Yoshiko Y Institute of Behavioral Health, 3-29-11 Ishizaka, Dazaifu-city, Fukuoka 818-0118, - - 2009
To examine the effectiveness of a simple behavioral intervention with an educational booklet on the modification of parenting behaviors and the prevention of sleep disturbance in 4-month-old infants. A prospective cohort design with cluster sampling controls in a primary care setting. A total of 136 mothers with 4-month-old infants who ...
McCormack K K Department of Psychology, Spelman College, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2009
A functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter (5-HTTLPR) gene has been associated with variation in anxiety and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in humans and rhesus macaques. Individuals carrying the short allele are at a higher risk for developmental psychopathology, and this risk is magnified in short ...
Axelin Anna - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of "facilitated tucking by parents" (FTP) in which a parent holds by her hands the infant in a side-lying flexed position offering support and skin contact, oral glucose, opioid (oxycodone), and placebo (oral water) in the context of heel ...
Pollak Seth D - - 2009
Comparing adults and infants of our own species must be considered as carefully as comparisons between humans and other primates. While many of the same neuroendocrine systems are present in each, there are also important behavioral and adaptive distinctions which, if not precisely defined, may lead to erroneous conclusions about ...
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