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Results 401 - 450 of 1614
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Okamoto-Barth Sanae - - 2007
The development of visual interaction between mother and infant has received much attention in developmental psychology, not only in humans, but also in non-human primates. Recently, comparative developmental approaches have investigated whether the mechanisms that underlie these behaviors are common in primates. In the present study, we focused on the ...
Suter Susanne E - - 2007
The left cradling preference refers to the finding that women hold their infants more frequently on the left side of their own bodies. Several observational studies showed reduced left cradling during stressful circumstances, such as mother-infant separation, or domestic violence. However, until now no experimental study was conducted to investigate ...
Cheng Shunyue - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of early home-based intervention as a community health service and evaluate the influence of both early maternal depression and mother-infant relationships on child behavioral problems at age 2 in a longitudinal setting. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted ...
Hausberger Martine - - 2007
This study investigates the consequences of interference during first suckling for subsequent mare-young attachment in horses (Equus caballus). Foals brought to their dams' teats appeared, at later ages (1-3 months), to remain closer to their dams and to play less than control foals that had been allowed to suckle spontaneously. ...
Miles Margaret Shandor - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal, descriptive study described the level of depressive symptoms in mothers of preterm infants from birth through 27 months corrected age and examined factors associated with depressive symptoms. The framework for the study was guided by an ecological developmental systems perspective and an adaptation of the Preterm Parental ...
Salomonsson Björn - - 2007
Infants suffer to a considerable degree from disturbances in nursing, sleep, mood, and attachment. Psychotherapeutic methods are increasingly used to help them. According to case reports, psychoanalytic work with infants and mothers has shown deep-reaching and often surprisingly rapid results, both in symptom reduction and in improved relations between mother ...
Martins Waldney Pereira - - 2007
Allo-parenting has been observed in a variety of female primates, and typically infants are reunited with their biological mothers assuming that their mothers are alive. We observed an exception to this pattern when two wild northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus) exchanged infants of different sexes and then reared their adopted infants ...
Güner Sükrü - - 2007
In this study we aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) levels and absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) in infants of preeclamptic mothers. The study group consisted of 31 infants of preeclamptic mothers while the control group consisted of 24 gestational age-adjusted infants of normotensive mothers. ...
Galanakis Emmanouil - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Congenital toxoplasmosis is associated with clinical dilemmas as untreated infants may have a guarded prognosis and as treatment may induce severe side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of infants born to mothers with toxoplasmosis acquired during pregnancy, following administration of appropriate regimens both ...
Gagnon Fabien - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the compliance with fluoride supplements provided at home by a dental hygienist to mothers of at-risk preschool children. METHODS: Participants were recruited during pregnancy of low-income women. On the first visit, the mothers of 60 infants aged 6 to 9 months were handed free ...
Bailey Heidi N - - 2007
The interrelations of maternal attachment representations, mother-infant interaction in the home, and attachment relationships were studied in 99 adolescent mothers and their 12-month-old infants. A q-factor analysis was used to identify emergent profiles of mother and infant interaction. Traditional multivariate statistical analyses were complemented by a relationship-based approach utilizing latent ...
Wittkowski A - - 2007
This survey examined which instruments were routinely used for the psychological assessment of patients admitted to Mother and Baby inpatient facilities in the United Kingdom (UK). Thirty eight percent replied and the findings highlight that only a few questionnaires were routinely utilised. The facilities surveyed varied in the measures used, ...
Preyde Michèle - - 2007
This study was part of a larger study in which an individual, peer-support intervention for mothers of very preterm infants was evaluated. In the present study, ratings by mothers who received the culturally sensitive intervention were compared with ratings from a control group on their experience of the preterm birth, ...
Oppenheim David - - 2007
It was examined whether secure infant-mother attachment contributes to emotionally congruent and organized mother-child dialogues about emotions in later years. The attachment of 99 children was assessed using the Strange Situation at the age of 1 year and their emotion dialogues with their mothers were assessed at the ages of ...
Baddock Sally A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide a quantitative analysis of the sleep arrangements and behaviors of bed-sharing families to further understand the risks and benefits as well as the effects of infant age and room temperature on bed-sharing behaviors. METHODS: Forty infants who regularly bed shared with > or = 1 ...
Wittkowski A - - 2007
The emotions and attitudes of mothers towards their infants are crucial for the child's well-being and development. Some mothers experience a delay in the onset of maternal affection after childbirth and occasionally a longer lasting failure to bond will ensue. Little is known about the precise prevalence of these difficulties, ...
Secco M Loretta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent that anticipated maternal emotions in response to infant care (infant care emotionality or frustration and dissatisfaction with infant crying or fussing, or both), several forms of social support, and socioeconomic status explain fourth-week postpartum depressive symptoms of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: Secondary multiple regression analysis of ...
Gervai Judit - - 2007
Disorganized attachment is an early predictor of the development of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence. Lyons-Ruth et al. (1999) developed the AMBIANCE coding scheme to assess disrupted communication between mother and infant, and reported the link between maternal behavior and disorganized attachment. The Hungarian group found an association between a ...
Murray Lynne L Winnicott Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Reading, UK. - - 2007
Social phobia aggregates in families. The genetic contribution to intergenerational transmission is modest, and parenting is considered important. Research on the effects of social phobia on parenting has been subject to problems of small sample size, heterogeneity of samples and lack of specificity of observational frameworks. We addressed these problems ...
Nakamichi Masayuki - - 2007
The present study describes spontaneously occurring infant-mother swapping and the relationships of infants with their biological and foster mothers after swapping in a captive social group of lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). After infant-swapping took place between a primiparous mother with a neonate and a multiparous mother with a 10-month-old ...
Barr Jennieffer Anne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: With 10-15 percent of mothers experiencing postpartum depression this mental health problem is a significant public health issue. One concern is that normal infant development is at risk. Understanding how Postpartum depression impacts on mothering is important knowledge in managing this health problem. OBJECTIVES: To: Explore what is it ...
Hopkins William D - - 2006
We investigated laterality in nipple preference in 16 mother-infant dyads, 8 bonobos, and 8 chimpanzees via an event sampling procedure in infants 5-55 mo of age. Both bonobo and chimpanzee infants preferred the left nipple, and the results were stable over time. Maternal age, experience, and rearing history did not ...
Moscardino Ughetta - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that maternal characteristics may affect infants' experience of pain during stressful medical procedures. AIM: To investigate the role of maternal depressed mood on infants' response to vaccination, and to determine the effectiveness of different soothing behaviours in reducing infant distress. METHODS: Twenty-eight mothers and their ...
Lee Hae Kyung - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the effects of infant massage (auditory (mother's voice), tactile/kinesthetic (massage) and visual (eye to eye contact) stimulation) on weight and height of infant and mother-infant interaction with normal infants over a period of 4 weeks. METHOD: This study was designed as ...
Ham Jacob - - 2006
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is related to infant emotion regulation and resilience. However, few studies have examined RSA of infants and mothers during a stressful experience. Even fewer studies have measured infant and mother skin conductance (SC), which in part reflects anxiety. This pilot study examined RSA, heart rate (HR), ...
Fuertes Marina - - 2006
The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the effect of a set of factors from multiple levels of influence: infant temperament, infant regulatory behavior, and maternal sensitivity on infant's attachment. Our sample consisted of 48 infants born prematurely and their mothers. At 1 and 3 months of age, ...
Boccia Maria L - - 2007
Long maternal (LMS) versus brief maternal (BMS) daily separations of rat pups from their mothers have contrasting effects on their adult stress responses and maternal behavior by, respectively, decreasing and increasing licking received from their mothers. We hypothesized that LMS decreases pup-licking in mothers by inducing learned helplessness, creating a ...
Kleberg Agneta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Family-centred care according to the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) has been reported to positively influence family function. The aim was to examine if NIDCAP affects the views of prematurely born infants' mothers regarding maternal role, perception of the infant and the neonatal care. METHOD: Preterm ...
Goursaud Anne-Pierre S - - 2007
Non-human primates, like humans, develop and maintain social relationships and attachments throughout their life. The first and most crucial relationship in a primate life is that with its mother. Yet, in absence of their biological mother, infant primates form attachment to surrogate mothers. Although, this early attachment is critical for ...
Barradas Juliana - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between prone and lateral positioning of preterm infants in Kangaroo Mother Care and early neuromotor development. METHODS: Eighty preterm infants born at Instituto Materno-Infantil de Pernambuco, Brazil, admitted to the Kangaroo Mother Care Unit between July and October 2004 were divided into two groups. Forty ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Poor clinician-rated parenting outcome and observed interactive deficits in mothers with schizophrenia admitted to a psychiatric mother and baby unit (MBU) reflect continuing concerns over the parenting capacity of this group. However, little is known about whether interaction deficits are accounted for by severity of illness or adverse social ...
Hane Amie Ashley - - 2006
To elucidate the differential saliency of infant emotions to mothers across interactive contexts, the authors examined the moderating role of observed infant affect during interactions with mother in the relation between maternal and laboratory-based ratings of infant temperament. Fifty-nine developmentally healthy 9-month-old infants were judged for degree of infant positive, ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2006
Neonates (M age=16 days) born to depressed and non-depressed mothers were randomly assigned to hear an audiotaped lullaby of instrumental music with vocals or without vocals. Neonatal EEG and EKG were recorded for 2min (baseline) of silence and for 2min of one or the other music presentation. Neonates of non-depressed ...
Black Maureen M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Rates of rapid second births among low-income black adolescent mothers range from 20% to 50%. Most efforts to prevent rapid second births have been unsuccessful. OBJECTIVES: There were 4 objectives: (1) to examine whether a home-based mentoring intervention was effective in preventing second births within 2 years of the ...
Nicol-Harper Rosemary - - 2007
The aim of the study was to examine the impact of anxiety in the postnatal year on maternal contribution to mother-infant interaction. Participants were 32 mothers with high anxiety and 32 mothers with low anxiety, when their infants were aged 10-14 months. Mother-infant interaction was videotaped during a standardized play ...
Rahman A - - 2007
To examine the associations between postnatal depression in mothers and diarrhoeal illness in their infants in the first year of life in a low-income country. Using a prospective cohort design, 265 infants (n = 130 of mothers having a depressive episode according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, ...
Jung Vivienne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) has a prevalence ranging from 3% to 30% and is associated with serious infant growth and developmental problems. Interventions directed at improving maternal mood have been unsuccessful in producing changes in observed face-to-face interactions between mother and infant. The Keys to Caregiving (KTC) is an intervention ...
Coppola Gabrielle - - 2006
This study provides data supporting the reliability and validity of an Italian version of the adult attachment script representation task, designed by Waters & Rodrigues-Doolabh (2004). Specifically, we tested hypotheses concerning positive relations between attachment scriptedness scores and two other representational measures, derived from the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). In ...
Klier C M - - 2006
Mother-infant bonding disorders include a distressing lack of maternal feeling, irritability, hostility and aggressive impulses, pathological ideas and outright rejection. They are quite common in mothers referred for psychiatric help and are present in 29% of mothers diagnosed with postnatal depression (Brockington et al, 2001). In cases of postpartum depression ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2006
Using reliable and valid measurements of mothering can enhance clinicians' and researchers' ability to identify problematic patterns that pose risks to the health of mothers and infants during the first postpartum year. A critical review of observational and self-report instruments for measuring components of mothering is presented. Positive indicators of ...
Moehler E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postnatal Depression has demonstrated long-term consequences on child cognitive and emotional development, however, the link between maternal and child pathology has not been clearly identified. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether maternal bonding to the infant and young child is impaired by maternal depressive symptoms. METHODS: 101 mothers of newborn ...
Morgan Jane B - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe feeding patterns and mothers' perceptions of desirable feeding practices in low-birth-weight (LBW) infants after hospital discharge in England and to test for the association of inappropriate practices/perceptions with identifiable demographics. DESIGN: Postal questionnaires from 198 mothers of LBW infants in London, Liverpool and Winchester were analysed regarding ...
Mercer Ramona T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current state of knowledge of nursing interventions that foster the process of becoming a mother. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted using CINAHL and PubMed electronic databases and other key references. STUDY SELECTION: Reports on nursing intervention research published in English that focused on a ...
Anderson, Diane Marie
The purpose of this investigation was to determine normative blood levels of protein, zinc and retinoids for the healthy, non-smoking mother and her healthy infant at delivery. The interrelationships of the three blood nutrients between mother and infant, within the mother and within the infant were examined. One hundred and ...
Peterson, Nancy Jean
The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of maternal HIV infection on infant to mother attachment security in Kampala, Uganda. 35 HIV-positive mothers and their infants and 25 HIV-negative mothers and their infants were observed twice at home for 2 hours per visit. The Waters Attachment ...
Hill Pamela D - - 2006
The purpose of this study is to compare psychological distress via both negative and positive mood states between 2 different groups of lactating mothers during the first 6 weeks postpartum with a large sample. Mood states were measured using the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List-Revised by a convenience sample of ...
Pinto Carmen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether infant disorganized attachment predicts ADHD at school age. METHOD: A cohort of 53 children who had been identified as having significant levels of disorganized attachment in infancy is compared to a control group. Symptoms and signs of ADHD at age 7 are evaluated together with a ...
Troe Ernst-Jan W M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Migrant populations consist of migrants with differences in generational status and length of residence. Several studies suggest that health outcomes differ by generational status and duration of residence. We examined the association of generational status and age at immigration of the mother with infant mortality in migrant populations in ...
Hand Ivan L - - 2006
The object of this study was to evaluate postpartum women for psychiatric symptomatology including cognitive disturbances, anxiety, depression, and anger to better meet their needs for support and involve them in the care of their infants. We interviewed 52 postpartum mothers at the Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center within 5 days ...
Brand Sarah R - - 2006
In view of evidence of in utero glucocorticoid programming, and our prior observation of lower cortisol levels in 9-month-old infants of mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to mothers without PTSD, we undertook an examination of the effect of in utero maternal stress, as determined by PTSD symptom severity, ...
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