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Results 401 - 450 of 1628
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Luby Stephen P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a simple low cost method for measuring hand contamination as an objective assessment of handwashing practices. METHOD: As part of a larger randomized controlled trial of handwashing promotion with soap conducted in squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan, a randomly selected subset of 52 mothers in households receiving ...
Holditch-Davis Diane - - 2007
This study's purpose was to examine whether child characteristics, child illness severity, maternal characteristics, maternal psychological well-being, and paternal support influenced interactions between 108 premature infants and their mothers. Mothers with singletons or more infant illness stress showed more positive involvement. Mothers with less infant illness stress, less education, or ...
van Doesum Karin T M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine various maternal, child, and contextual characteristics, as well as the number of risk factors present, to distinguish which factors explain variance in the sensitivity of depressed mothers toward their infants. METHOD: Participants were depressed mothers (n = 84) with their infants ages 1 month up to 1 ...
Hildes-Ripstein, G. Elizabeth Elske
Objectives. To study infant care practices and lifestyle choices of Aboriginal mothers and a comparison group. Relevance. To help formulate preventive strategies for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Aboriginal infants. Methods. A two part design was used. Sixteen in-depth interviews with mothers of infants were completed and analysed using ...
Murray Kennan D - - 2007
This study aimed to investigate mothers' reporting of the nature, location, frequency and content of health care visits for their infants, as compared with data abstracted from the infants' medical records. It was part of a community-based parenting intervention designed to improve preventive health care utilisation among minority mothers in ...
Capps Donald - - 2008
In an earlier article (Capps, 2007a) on Erik H. Erikson's earliest writings (1930-1931) I focused on the relationship between the child's melancholia and conflict with maternal authority, and drew attention to the restorative role of humor. In a subsequent article (Capps, 2007b) on Erikson's Childhood and Society (1950) I explored ...
Bergeson Tonya R - - 2007
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether mothers use discernible tunes (i.e., specific interval sequences) in their speech to infants and whether such tunes are individually distinctive. Mothers were recorded speaking with their infants on two occasions separated by 1 week or more. Examination of the tunes ...
Flacking Renée - - 2007
In mothers of preterm infants, the process of becoming a mother is initiated in a public and medical environment, in which the mothers become dependent on the benevolence and support of the staff. This setting and an experience of insecure social bonds impair the ability to become a mother during ...
Bellieni C V - - 2007
AIM: Prenatal education courses (PEC) are a way of allaying anxiety in pregnancy. PEC consist of a series of five 1-hour lessons in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. Conducted by nurses or midwives, the course syllabus includes the basics of fetal physiology and development, singing sessions, dance sessions, ...
Limbo Rana - - 2007
Exploration of mothers' understanding of their infants was guided by the concept of internal working model of caregiving, which includes relationship-relevant expectations and intentions. Twenty-nine mothers of healthy, term infants participated in semistructured interviews concerning actual and hypothetical caregiving episodes. Expectations and intentions were each rated with an ordinal rating ...
Oztop Didem - - 2007
Relations between maternal depression and infant behavior, attachment and development were examined within a clinical diagnostic framework. The sample consisted of a study group of 15 infants and their mothers with depression compared to a group of 16 infants and their mothers with no diagnosable psychiatric disorders. The study group ...
Azar Rima - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy can be associated with major depression (MD) and conduct disorder (CD). Some infants of adolescent mothers are prenatally exposed to these factors, which may result in heightened risk for perturbations of their stress systems. Between 2 and 4 months, a normal shift occurs in the adrenocortical system ...
Yako E M - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare perceived stress in general, stress due to pregnancy, and post partum complications between a group of unmarried adolescent first-time mothers and a group of married adolescent first-time mothers. Never-pregnant adolescents served as a comparison group on perceived stress. Health outcomes of ...
Mörelius E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the adrenocortical response to diaper change in mother-infant dyads with psychosocial risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two mother-infant pairs with well-defined psychosocial problems were included. The mother-infant pairs were treated for 6 weeks in a daycare programme to improve attachment. ...
Okamoto-Barth Sanae - - 2007
The development of visual interaction between mother and infant has received much attention in developmental psychology, not only in humans, but also in non-human primates. Recently, comparative developmental approaches have investigated whether the mechanisms that underlie these behaviors are common in primates. In the present study, we focused on the ...
Suter Susanne E - - 2007
The left cradling preference refers to the finding that women hold their infants more frequently on the left side of their own bodies. Several observational studies showed reduced left cradling during stressful circumstances, such as mother-infant separation, or domestic violence. However, until now no experimental study was conducted to investigate ...
Cheng Shunyue - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of early home-based intervention as a community health service and evaluate the influence of both early maternal depression and mother-infant relationships on child behavioral problems at age 2 in a longitudinal setting. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted ...
Hausberger Martine - - 2007
This study investigates the consequences of interference during first suckling for subsequent mare-young attachment in horses (Equus caballus). Foals brought to their dams' teats appeared, at later ages (1-3 months), to remain closer to their dams and to play less than control foals that had been allowed to suckle spontaneously. ...
Miles Margaret Shandor - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal, descriptive study described the level of depressive symptoms in mothers of preterm infants from birth through 27 months corrected age and examined factors associated with depressive symptoms. The framework for the study was guided by an ecological developmental systems perspective and an adaptation of the Preterm Parental ...
Salomonsson Björn - - 2007
Infants suffer to a considerable degree from disturbances in nursing, sleep, mood, and attachment. Psychotherapeutic methods are increasingly used to help them. According to case reports, psychoanalytic work with infants and mothers has shown deep-reaching and often surprisingly rapid results, both in symptom reduction and in improved relations between mother ...
Martins Waldney Pereira - - 2007
Allo-parenting has been observed in a variety of female primates, and typically infants are reunited with their biological mothers assuming that their mothers are alive. We observed an exception to this pattern when two wild northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus) exchanged infants of different sexes and then reared their adopted infants ...
Güner Sükrü - - 2007
In this study we aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) levels and absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) in infants of preeclamptic mothers. The study group consisted of 31 infants of preeclamptic mothers while the control group consisted of 24 gestational age-adjusted infants of normotensive mothers. ...
Galanakis Emmanouil - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Congenital toxoplasmosis is associated with clinical dilemmas as untreated infants may have a guarded prognosis and as treatment may induce severe side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of infants born to mothers with toxoplasmosis acquired during pregnancy, following administration of appropriate regimens both ...
Gagnon Fabien - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the compliance with fluoride supplements provided at home by a dental hygienist to mothers of at-risk preschool children. METHODS: Participants were recruited during pregnancy of low-income women. On the first visit, the mothers of 60 infants aged 6 to 9 months were handed free ...
Bailey Heidi N - - 2007
The interrelations of maternal attachment representations, mother-infant interaction in the home, and attachment relationships were studied in 99 adolescent mothers and their 12-month-old infants. A q-factor analysis was used to identify emergent profiles of mother and infant interaction. Traditional multivariate statistical analyses were complemented by a relationship-based approach utilizing latent ...
Wittkowski A - - 2007
This survey examined which instruments were routinely used for the psychological assessment of patients admitted to Mother and Baby inpatient facilities in the United Kingdom (UK). Thirty eight percent replied and the findings highlight that only a few questionnaires were routinely utilised. The facilities surveyed varied in the measures used, ...
Preyde Michèle - - 2007
This study was part of a larger study in which an individual, peer-support intervention for mothers of very preterm infants was evaluated. In the present study, ratings by mothers who received the culturally sensitive intervention were compared with ratings from a control group on their experience of the preterm birth, ...
Oppenheim David - - 2007
It was examined whether secure infant-mother attachment contributes to emotionally congruent and organized mother-child dialogues about emotions in later years. The attachment of 99 children was assessed using the Strange Situation at the age of 1 year and their emotion dialogues with their mothers were assessed at the ages of ...
Baddock Sally A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide a quantitative analysis of the sleep arrangements and behaviors of bed-sharing families to further understand the risks and benefits as well as the effects of infant age and room temperature on bed-sharing behaviors. METHODS: Forty infants who regularly bed shared with > or = 1 ...
Wittkowski A - - 2007
The emotions and attitudes of mothers towards their infants are crucial for the child's well-being and development. Some mothers experience a delay in the onset of maternal affection after childbirth and occasionally a longer lasting failure to bond will ensue. Little is known about the precise prevalence of these difficulties, ...
Secco M Loretta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent that anticipated maternal emotions in response to infant care (infant care emotionality or frustration and dissatisfaction with infant crying or fussing, or both), several forms of social support, and socioeconomic status explain fourth-week postpartum depressive symptoms of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: Secondary multiple regression analysis of ...
Gervai Judit - - 2007
Disorganized attachment is an early predictor of the development of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence. Lyons-Ruth et al. (1999) developed the AMBIANCE coding scheme to assess disrupted communication between mother and infant, and reported the link between maternal behavior and disorganized attachment. The Hungarian group found an association between a ...
Murray Lynne L Winnicott Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Reading, UK. - - 2007
Social phobia aggregates in families. The genetic contribution to intergenerational transmission is modest, and parenting is considered important. Research on the effects of social phobia on parenting has been subject to problems of small sample size, heterogeneity of samples and lack of specificity of observational frameworks. We addressed these problems ...
Nakamichi Masayuki - - 2007
The present study describes spontaneously occurring infant-mother swapping and the relationships of infants with their biological and foster mothers after swapping in a captive social group of lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). After infant-swapping took place between a primiparous mother with a neonate and a multiparous mother with a 10-month-old ...
Barr Jennieffer Anne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: With 10-15 percent of mothers experiencing postpartum depression this mental health problem is a significant public health issue. One concern is that normal infant development is at risk. Understanding how Postpartum depression impacts on mothering is important knowledge in managing this health problem. OBJECTIVES: To: Explore what is it ...
Hopkins William D - - 2006
We investigated laterality in nipple preference in 16 mother-infant dyads, 8 bonobos, and 8 chimpanzees via an event sampling procedure in infants 5-55 mo of age. Both bonobo and chimpanzee infants preferred the left nipple, and the results were stable over time. Maternal age, experience, and rearing history did not ...
Moscardino Ughetta - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that maternal characteristics may affect infants' experience of pain during stressful medical procedures. AIM: To investigate the role of maternal depressed mood on infants' response to vaccination, and to determine the effectiveness of different soothing behaviours in reducing infant distress. METHODS: Twenty-eight mothers and their ...
Lee Hae Kyung - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the effects of infant massage (auditory (mother's voice), tactile/kinesthetic (massage) and visual (eye to eye contact) stimulation) on weight and height of infant and mother-infant interaction with normal infants over a period of 4 weeks. METHOD: This study was designed as ...
Ham Jacob - - 2006
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is related to infant emotion regulation and resilience. However, few studies have examined RSA of infants and mothers during a stressful experience. Even fewer studies have measured infant and mother skin conductance (SC), which in part reflects anxiety. This pilot study examined RSA, heart rate (HR), ...
Fuertes Marina - - 2006
The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the effect of a set of factors from multiple levels of influence: infant temperament, infant regulatory behavior, and maternal sensitivity on infant's attachment. Our sample consisted of 48 infants born prematurely and their mothers. At 1 and 3 months of age, ...
Boccia Maria L - - 2007
Long maternal (LMS) versus brief maternal (BMS) daily separations of rat pups from their mothers have contrasting effects on their adult stress responses and maternal behavior by, respectively, decreasing and increasing licking received from their mothers. We hypothesized that LMS decreases pup-licking in mothers by inducing learned helplessness, creating a ...
Kleberg Agneta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Family-centred care according to the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) has been reported to positively influence family function. The aim was to examine if NIDCAP affects the views of prematurely born infants' mothers regarding maternal role, perception of the infant and the neonatal care. METHOD: Preterm ...
Goursaud Anne-Pierre S - - 2007
Non-human primates, like humans, develop and maintain social relationships and attachments throughout their life. The first and most crucial relationship in a primate life is that with its mother. Yet, in absence of their biological mother, infant primates form attachment to surrogate mothers. Although, this early attachment is critical for ...
Barradas Juliana - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between prone and lateral positioning of preterm infants in Kangaroo Mother Care and early neuromotor development. METHODS: Eighty preterm infants born at Instituto Materno-Infantil de Pernambuco, Brazil, admitted to the Kangaroo Mother Care Unit between July and October 2004 were divided into two groups. Forty ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Poor clinician-rated parenting outcome and observed interactive deficits in mothers with schizophrenia admitted to a psychiatric mother and baby unit (MBU) reflect continuing concerns over the parenting capacity of this group. However, little is known about whether interaction deficits are accounted for by severity of illness or adverse social ...
Hane Amie Ashley - - 2006
To elucidate the differential saliency of infant emotions to mothers across interactive contexts, the authors examined the moderating role of observed infant affect during interactions with mother in the relation between maternal and laboratory-based ratings of infant temperament. Fifty-nine developmentally healthy 9-month-old infants were judged for degree of infant positive, ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2006
Neonates (M age=16 days) born to depressed and non-depressed mothers were randomly assigned to hear an audiotaped lullaby of instrumental music with vocals or without vocals. Neonatal EEG and EKG were recorded for 2min (baseline) of silence and for 2min of one or the other music presentation. Neonates of non-depressed ...
Black Maureen M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Rates of rapid second births among low-income black adolescent mothers range from 20% to 50%. Most efforts to prevent rapid second births have been unsuccessful. OBJECTIVES: There were 4 objectives: (1) to examine whether a home-based mentoring intervention was effective in preventing second births within 2 years of the ...
Nicol-Harper Rosemary - - 2007
The aim of the study was to examine the impact of anxiety in the postnatal year on maternal contribution to mother-infant interaction. Participants were 32 mothers with high anxiety and 32 mothers with low anxiety, when their infants were aged 10-14 months. Mother-infant interaction was videotaped during a standardized play ...
Rahman A - - 2007
To examine the associations between postnatal depression in mothers and diarrhoeal illness in their infants in the first year of life in a low-income country. Using a prospective cohort design, 265 infants (n = 130 of mothers having a depressive episode according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, ...
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