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Results 351 - 400 of 1614
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Kirchengast Sylvia - - 2007
Human reproduction is a biological phenomenon, however, sociocultural factors such as marital status influence pregnancy outcome and reproductive success. In the present study the impact of maternal marital status on pregnancy outcome was tested for all births, which had taken place in Austria between 1999 and 2004, which met the ...
Raphael-Leff Joan - - 2007
This paper is informed by contemporary literature in two fields--neonatal research, on the one hand, and the burgeoning interdisciplinary interest in Moses and monotheism, on the other. The author postulates that a cluster of traumatic events during the first two years of Freud's life compelled him to repeat what could ...
Hirose Taiko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant interactions have been acknowledged as one of the most important elements in measuring outcomes of parent support and infant mental health interventions. The present study was conducted to measure early intervention outcomes using the Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS), and to identify factors that affected Japanese mother-infant ...
Orhon Filiz Simsek - - 2007
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the associations between postpartum depressive symptoms and maternal perceptions of infant patterns with 1-year follow-up examinations, and to assess the impacts of treatment on these perceptions. METHODS: One hundred three mother-infant pairs were evaluated. Data on maternal reports of infant feeding, ...
Wise Michael J - - 2008
Evidence of poor correspondence between an insect herbivore's oviposition preferences and the performance of its offspring has generally been attributed either to maladaptive behavior of the insect mother or inadequate measurement by the researcher. In contrast, we hypothesize that many cases of "bad mothers" in herbivores may be a byproduct ...
Ferber Sari Goldstein - - 2008
The developmental trajectories of specific forms of maternal touch during natural caregiving were examined across the first year in relation to the development of mother-infant reciprocal communication. One hundred and thirty-one mothers and infants in four groups aged 3, 6, 9, and 12 months were observed in a cross-sectional design ...
Poobalan A S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression has detrimental effects on the child's cognitive and emotional development. AIMS: To assess the benefits of treating postnatal depression for mother-infant interaction and child development. METHOD: A systematic search was made of 12 electronic bibliographic databases for randomised controlled trials and controlled clinical trials on treatment of ...
Kaitz M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Most research on maternal concerns has focused on their assessment during pregnancy and the early post-partum period. The aim of this study was to identify primary concerns of mothers later in the first post-partum year, changes over time, and factors that were associated with relatively intense concerns, including infant ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2007
Associations of 6-week postpartum maternal self-criticism and dependency with 4-month mother-infant self- and interactive contingencies during face-to-face play were investigated in 126 dyads. Infant and mother face, gaze, touch, and vocal quality were coded second by second from split-screen videotape. Self- and interactive contingencies were defined as auto- and lagged ...
Gotuzzo Eduardo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency of HTLV-1 infection among offspring of mothers who had presented with HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), strongyloidiasis, or asymptomatic HTLV-1 infection, and to identify factors associated with HTLV-1 infection. METHODS: In a descriptive study, records were reviewed of HTLV-1-positive women and their offspring who had ...
Moehler Eva - - 2007
Maternal history of abuse has been proposed as a risk factor for child maltreatment, but the background of this "cycle of abuse" is as yet poorly understood. As a contribution toward a deeper understanding of this phenomenon, this study analyzed whether emotional availability is altered by maternal experiences of physical ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2007
Links between the temporal parameters of mother-infant synchrony and moral orientation in adolescence were examined in 31 children monitored from 3 months to 13 years. At 3 and 9 months, mother's and infant's affective states during face-to-face play were microcoded and synchrony was assessed with time-series analysis. Verbal IQ, behavior ...
Phillips Jane - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Depression and anxiety are known to be common among women presenting to residential mother-infant programmes for unsettled infant behaviour but most studies have used self-report measures of psychological symptomatology rather than diagnostic interviews to determine psychiatric diagnoses. The aim of the present study was to determine rates of depressive ...
Giardino Jennifer - - 2008
The present study was designed to determine whether becoming a mother during the adolescent period changes maternal responsiveness or maternal motivation, assessed through hormonal, autonomic, and hedonic responses to recorded infant cries and interactions with their babies. Fifty-six teen mothers were compared to 58 teen non-mothers and 49 adult mothers. ...
de Macedo Elizeu Coutinho - - 2007
Preterm babies are more prone to develop disorders and so require immediate intensive care. In the conventional neonatal intensive care, the baby is kept in the incubator, separated from the mother. Some actions have been taken in order to make this mother-child separation less traumatic. One of these actions is ...
Ozbek Aylin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether mothers, with no known biological reason to account for elevated breast milk sodium (BMS) and associated hypernatremic dehydration (HND) in their exclusively breastfed infants, have more adverse psychosocial characteristics compared with controls. METHODS: Design is prospective case-control. Mothers of 21 term infants diagnosed as HND with ...
Beall, Jacqueline Anne
Environmental factors such as stress and hormones acting during embryogenesis, as well as early life experiences such as parental care have been clearly demonstrated in animal models to shape the individual's phenotypic gene expression, brain development, and behavioural repertoires ( Meaney, 2005 ). However, human studies have not assessed both ...
de Moraes Barros Marina Carvalho - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) is used to assess neurological integrity, behavioral function and the existence of stress and abstinence signs in newborn infants. AIM: To determine the neurobehavioral profile of healthy term neonates of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with prospective collection of data. ...
Campbell Della - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data collected on more than 12,000 women in 15 randomized controlled trials provide robust evidence of the beneficial effects of doula support on medical outcomes to childbirth. The objective of this paper was to examine the association between doula support and maternal perceptions of the infant, self, and support ...
Thompson Laura A - - 2008
This study investigated the effects of adrenocortical functioning on infant learning during an emotionally challenging event (brief separation from mother). We also explored possible relationships between maternal sensitivity and both infant and maternal cortisol reactivity during the learning/maternal separation episode. Sixty-three 3-month-olds and their mothers were videotaped for a 10 ...
McGrath Jacqueline M - - 2008
One hundred-thirty-nine women participated in this longitudinal study from the third trimester of pregnancy through 8-months postpartum. Women completed depression scales at several time points and rated their infant's characteristics and childcare stress at 2- and 6-months postpartum. Mothers' reports of infant temperament were significantly different for depressed and non-depressed ...
Hofer Tanja - - 2008
The present study investigates whether the maternal interaction style is related to 6-month-old infants' action interpretation. We tested 6-month-olds ability to interpret an unfamiliar human action as goal-directed using a modified version of the paradigm used by Woodward, A. L. (1999). Infant's ability to distinguish between purposeful and non-purposeful behaviours. ...
Korja Riikka - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate associations between infant crying, holding and mother-infant interaction. METHODS: The study groups included 30 firstborn Finnish preterm infants (<1501 g or <32 weeks), and their 36 full-term controls. Caregiver's holding and infant's crying behavior was assessed using Baby Day Diary at ...
Noriuchi Madoka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal love, which may be the core of maternal behavior, is essential for the mother-infant attachment relationship and is important for the infant's development and mental health. However, little has been known about these neural mechanisms in human mothers. We examined patterns of maternal brain activation in response to ...
Hanly Margaret Ann Fitzpatrick - - 2007
Austen's extraordinary realism in depicting the dynamic internal processes which follow on the heroine's loss in Persuasion becomes clear in the light of a psychoanalytic understanding of mourning. Persuasion dramatizes the effects of a mother's death in adolescence as these come into play at the time of the heroine's separation ...
Black Maureen M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine how maternal depressive symptoms are related to infant development among low-income infants in rural Bangladesh and to examine how the relationship is affected by maternal perceptions of infant irritability and observations of caregiving practices. METHODS: Development was measured among 221 infants at 6 and 12 months with ...
Liaqat P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between mother's education, complementary feeding practices and malnutrition amongst mothers attending outpatient clinics in Islamabad. METHODS: Mothers of 500 Pakistani infants attending the Paediatric Outpatient department at the Federal Government Services Hospital, Islamabad completed pretested questionnaires on mother's educational status and complementary feeding practices. RESULTS: ...
Bernstein Henry H - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum discharge of mothers and infants who are not medically or psychosocially ready may place the family at risk. Most studies of postpartum length of stay, however, do not reflect the necessary complexity of decision-making. With this study we aimed to characterize decision-making on the day of postpartum discharge ...
Tarabulsy George M - - 2008
This study examined the similarities and differences in maternal and observer Attachment Behavior Q-Sort ratings (AQS; Waters, 1995) and their relations to dimensions of the developmental ecology - maternal sensitivity, infant irritability, parental stress and psychosocial risk. Data was gathered from low risk (adult mothers; N=44) and high risk mother-infant ...
Newman Louise K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Parents diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are likely to find the emotional aspects of parenting challenging. Research into the difficulties that these parents experience, however, is lacking. The aims of the present study were to (i) gain an understanding of the interactional patterns of mothers with BPD and ...
Donovan Wilberta - - 2007
When their infants were 6 months of age, mothers were assessed for self-efficacy (low, moderate, and high illusory control) and knowledge of infant development to determine their impact on mothers' behavioral sensitivity and affect during a feeding task at 9 months (N=70). Mothers' sensory sensitivity to digital images of infants' ...
Hill Pamela D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine preterm, near-term, and term mothers' self-reported quality of life in the early postpartum period. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal repeated measures design. SETTING: Four medical centers in the Midwest. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 184 mothers of either a preterm, near-term, or term infant. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Maternal Postpartum ...
Loukidi-Bouchenak B - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine serum lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity in parallel with HDL2 and HDL3 amounts and composition in pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) and chronic hypertensive (CH) mothers and in their small for gestational age (SGA) newborns. LCAT activity was assayed by conversion of [3H] cholesterol ...
Lonstein Joseph S - - 2007
Healthy mother-infant interactions are critical for the physical, cognitive, and psychological development of offspring. Such interactions rely on numerous factors, including a positive maternal emotional state. However, many postpartum women experience emotional dysregulation, often involving elevated anxiety. Neuroendocrine factors contributing to the onset of postpartum anxiety symptoms are mostly unknown, ...
Sheffer-Mimouni Galit - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The perinatal outcome of the infant of obese mother is adversely affected and in theory, may involve fetal hypoxia. We hypothesized that an index of fetal hypoxia, the neonatal nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) count, is elevated in infants of overweight and obese mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Absolute NRBC counts ...
Sheard C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study explored the impact of a multiple IVF birth on maternal mental health in the early post-partum period. METHODS: A prospective study of 207 women who had conceived following IVF treatment and followed up at 6 weeks post-partum. Mothers rated their mood using the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale ...
Luby Stephen P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a simple low cost method for measuring hand contamination as an objective assessment of handwashing practices. METHOD: As part of a larger randomized controlled trial of handwashing promotion with soap conducted in squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan, a randomly selected subset of 52 mothers in households receiving ...
Holditch-Davis Diane - - 2007
This study's purpose was to examine whether child characteristics, child illness severity, maternal characteristics, maternal psychological well-being, and paternal support influenced interactions between 108 premature infants and their mothers. Mothers with singletons or more infant illness stress showed more positive involvement. Mothers with less infant illness stress, less education, or ...
van Doesum Karin T M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine various maternal, child, and contextual characteristics, as well as the number of risk factors present, to distinguish which factors explain variance in the sensitivity of depressed mothers toward their infants. METHOD: Participants were depressed mothers (n = 84) with their infants ages 1 month up to 1 ...
Hildes-Ripstein, G. Elizabeth Elske
Objectives. To study infant care practices and lifestyle choices of Aboriginal mothers and a comparison group. Relevance. To help formulate preventive strategies for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Aboriginal infants. Methods. A two part design was used. Sixteen in-depth interviews with mothers of infants were completed and analysed using ...
Murray Kennan D - - 2007
This study aimed to investigate mothers' reporting of the nature, location, frequency and content of health care visits for their infants, as compared with data abstracted from the infants' medical records. It was part of a community-based parenting intervention designed to improve preventive health care utilisation among minority mothers in ...
Capps Donald - - 2008
In an earlier article (Capps, 2007a) on Erik H. Erikson's earliest writings (1930-1931) I focused on the relationship between the child's melancholia and conflict with maternal authority, and drew attention to the restorative role of humor. In a subsequent article (Capps, 2007b) on Erikson's Childhood and Society (1950) I explored ...
Bergeson Tonya R - - 2007
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether mothers use discernible tunes (i.e., specific interval sequences) in their speech to infants and whether such tunes are individually distinctive. Mothers were recorded speaking with their infants on two occasions separated by 1 week or more. Examination of the tunes ...
Flacking Renée - - 2007
In mothers of preterm infants, the process of becoming a mother is initiated in a public and medical environment, in which the mothers become dependent on the benevolence and support of the staff. This setting and an experience of insecure social bonds impair the ability to become a mother during ...
Bellieni C V - - 2007
AIM: Prenatal education courses (PEC) are a way of allaying anxiety in pregnancy. PEC consist of a series of five 1-hour lessons in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. Conducted by nurses or midwives, the course syllabus includes the basics of fetal physiology and development, singing sessions, dance sessions, ...
Limbo Rana - - 2007
Exploration of mothers' understanding of their infants was guided by the concept of internal working model of caregiving, which includes relationship-relevant expectations and intentions. Twenty-nine mothers of healthy, term infants participated in semistructured interviews concerning actual and hypothetical caregiving episodes. Expectations and intentions were each rated with an ordinal rating ...
Oztop Didem - - 2007
Relations between maternal depression and infant behavior, attachment and development were examined within a clinical diagnostic framework. The sample consisted of a study group of 15 infants and their mothers with depression compared to a group of 16 infants and their mothers with no diagnosable psychiatric disorders. The study group ...
Azar Rima - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy can be associated with major depression (MD) and conduct disorder (CD). Some infants of adolescent mothers are prenatally exposed to these factors, which may result in heightened risk for perturbations of their stress systems. Between 2 and 4 months, a normal shift occurs in the adrenocortical system ...
Yako E M - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare perceived stress in general, stress due to pregnancy, and post partum complications between a group of unmarried adolescent first-time mothers and a group of married adolescent first-time mothers. Never-pregnant adolescents served as a comparison group on perceived stress. Health outcomes of ...
Mörelius E - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the adrenocortical response to diaper change in mother-infant dyads with psychosocial risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two mother-infant pairs with well-defined psychosocial problems were included. The mother-infant pairs were treated for 6 weeks in a daycare programme to improve attachment. ...
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