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Results 301 - 350 of 1629
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Nations Marilyn K - - 2008
This study investigates bereaved mothers' ethnoetiologies of avoidable infant deaths in Northeast Brazil. It critically examines the anthropological debate concerning "selective maternal negligence" as a relevant explanation for high infant mortality, based on an analysis of preexisting data. From 2003 to 2006, 316 ethnographic interviews collected by the author from ...
Faugli Anne - - 2008
PURPOSE: Chronic illness in infancy may influence parent-infant interaction. We assessed quality of mother-infant interaction in children with esophageal atresia (EA) and searched for predictors for impaired interaction. METHODS: The study group comprised 37 one-year-old infants with EA born in 1999 to 2002 and their mothers. A comparison group comprised ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2008
PURPOSE: A pilot study was conducted to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an intervention program for mothers of very low birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). SUBJECTS: Thirty-three mothers of infants born weighing less than 1500 g. DESIGN: A single-group, pretest-posttest design was used. METHODS: Preintervention ...
Cerezo M Angeles - - 2008
Charting the dynamic character of mother-infant interaction requires using observational systems of sequential coding in real time. A longitudinal study was designed to approach maternal sensitivity in a more complex way using sequential analysis. The study was conducted with 20 high- and 20 low-risk mothers and their infants (aged: 3, ...
Begg-Reid Carolyn - - 2008
The purpose of the study presented here was to investigate the handedness and cradling preferences of a mother gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) from the Metro Toronto Zoo. The study also examined preferences for handedness for each member of the captive group. Observational data were collected using scan sampling at 60-sec intervals. ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2008
The prediction of events and the creation of expectancies about their time course is a crucial aspect of an infant's mental life, but temporal mechanisms underlying these predictions are obscure. Scalar timing, in which the ratio of mean durations to their standard deviations is held constant, enables a person to ...
Velez Martha M Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of - - 2008
Opioid dependent pregnant and post-partum women and their infants are a complex and vulnerable population requiring individualized, comprehensive and multidisciplinary treatment. Though methadone maintenance in the setting of comprehensive service provision during pregnancy significantly improves pregnancy outcomes for opioid dependent women, its use has implications for the infant, most notably ...
Motoyama Osamu - - 2009
A girl and her mother were diagnosed as having membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) type I. Microscopic hematuria and proteinuria presented at 9 years of age in the mother and at 14 years in the daughter. Both had persistent hypocomplementemia and were treated with steroids. When the mother was 40 years old, ...
Zelkowitz Phyllis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Parental distress following the birth of a premature infant diminishes the parent's ability to be sensitive to the infant's cues, and this may affect infant developmental outcomes. AIMS: The present study examined the effects of maternal anxiety during infant hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on the ...
Rivera T L - - 2009
To evaluate autoimmune disease progression in asymptomatic and pauci-symptomatic mothers of children with neonatal lupus (NL). Clinical information on mothers enrolled in the Research Registry for NL (RRNL) was obtained from medical records. Genotyping was performed for -308A/G tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha, 869T/C transforming growth factor (TGF)beta and -889C/T interleukin ...
Stewart Robert C - - 2008
The objective of the study was to investigate the association between maternal common mental disorder (CMD) and infant growth in rural Malawi. A cross-sectional study was conducted at a district hospital child health clinic. Participants were consecutive infants due for measles vaccination, and their mothers. Mean infant weight-for-age and length-for-age ...
Niccols Alison - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infant attachment security is a protective factor for future mental health, and may be promoted by individual interventions. Given service demands, it is important to determine if a group-based intervention for parents could be used to enhance infant attachment security. METHODS: In a randomized trial involving 76 mothers, an ...
Pittard William B WB - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether infants who are born to adolescent mothers are at greater risk for health problems than those who are born to older mothers. METHODS: Data represent all health care encounters for infants who were born in South Carolina between 2000 and ...
Murray Lynne L Winnicott Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Reading, 3 Earley Gate, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2008
Responses to an unfamiliar adult were examined in infants of mothers with social phobia (N= 79) and infants of nonanxious comparison mothers (N= 77) at 10 and 14 months in a social referencing paradigm. On each occasion, a female stranger first interacted with the mother and then approached and interacted ...
Jacobs M J - - 2009
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with behavioral traits that predate the onset of AN and persist after recovery. We identified patterns of behavioral traits in AN trios (proband plus two biological parents). A total of 433 complete trios were collected in the Price Foundation Genetic Study of AN using standardized ...
Pauli-Pott Ursula - - 2008
In the present study, it has been hypothesized that anxious and depressed mothers may show less typical behavior in a laboratory observational setting because they may be more affected by unfamiliarity and the social evaluative meaning of the situation. They may thus show low consistency across laboratory and home assessments. ...
Matthey Stephen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal mood disorders are common in the first postnatal year, particularly if the infant has sleep problems. AIMS: This study explored the effectiveness of a residential parentcraft unit's treatment for infant sleep problems, and also its impact on the mother's depression, anxiety, and bonding. STUDY DESIGN: A one-group pretest-posttest ...
Martínez-Frías M L - - 2008
Studies on the structure of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and the mechanisms by which folate may reduce homocysteine levels in bacteria and in humans have provided a rationale to understand the conflicting epidemiological observations between the studies on the 677C-T and 1298A-C MTHFR polymorphic variants, and the risk of ...
Combs-Orme Terri - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study describes mothers who report spanking their infants in the first 13 months of life. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six (246) mothers were interviewed in the Mother-Baby Unit of a large university-affiliated hospital in a large southeastern city of the United States. Ninety-three percent (93%) of those mothers were ...
Minagawa-Kawai Yasuyo - - 2009
Attachment between mothers and infants is the most primitive and primary form of human social relationship. Many reports have suggested that the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) plays a significant role in this attachment; however, only a select few provide experimental neurophysiological evidence. In the present study, to determine the neural substrates ...
Stiles Anne Scott - - 2008
Teen mothers and their mothers experience conflict due to poor relational boundaries. This conflict can result in maternal stress, which can affect the quality of mother-infant interactions. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of an intervention to improve relational boundaries between teen mothers ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2008
Little is known about how schizophrenia might affect how a mother responds to her infant, such as whether responding is reduced or impaired. The aim was to identify, from brief videotaped interactions, whether the responses of mothers with schizophrenia were fewer, less positive, more negative, and more 'abnormal' than mothers ...
Fenwick Jennifer - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the study was to increase knowledge and understanding of how women begin their roles as mothers when their infant is in the neonatal nursery. BACKGROUND: Research is limited into how women experience mothering in contexts such as the neonatal nursery. Consequently many nurses and midwives remain ...
Hill-Soderlund Ashley L - - 2008
Vagal reactivity and salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) were assessed in infants (M age = 13.55 months) and their mothers during the Strange Situation Paradigm (SSP) to investigate differences in physiological responses in a sample of insecure-avoidant and securely-attached dyads (N = 132). Infants classified as insecure-avoidant had significantly higher vagal withdrawal ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the early adaptation challenges and strengths of young mothers with preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Naturalistic inquiry was used to obtain a subjective description of the postpartum experience of 12 adolescent Latina mothers who enrolled in an intervention study subsequent to the preterm birth of their first baby. ...
van Doesum Karin T M - - 2008
This study examined the effect of a mother-baby intervention on the quality of mother-child interaction, infant-mother attachment security, and infant socioemotional functioning in a group of depressed mothers with infants aged 1-12 months. A randomized controlled trial compared an experimental group (n = 35) receiving the intervention (8-10 home visits) ...
Mendelsohn Alan L - - 2008
To assess verbal interactions related to television and other electronic media exposure among mothers and 6 month-old-infants. Cross-sectional analysis of 154 mother-infant dyads participating in a long-term study related to early child development. Urban public hospital. Low socioeconomic status mothers of 6-month-old infants. Main Exposure Media exposure and content. Mother-infant ...
Pansy Jasmin - - 2008
AIM: To find out the reasons for mothers to either use or not use a pacifier and to find out the mother's reasons for changing their mind. METHOD: We analysed the data of 174 mother-infant pairs by means of a semistructured questionnaire performed shortly after birth, and at the age ...
Latva Reija - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how mother's recollections of birth experiences and first contact with the newborn relate to the child's behavioral and emotional problems at five to six years of age. METHODS: The study included 28 mothers of preterm (birth weight < or =2500 g) and 39 mothers of full-term children, ...
Reusch Margret - - 2008
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cultures were obtained from 288 mother-infant pairs. A questionnaire given to mothers and medical record review assessed risk factors for colonization. Only 2.1% of mothers and 0.7% of infants carried MRSA. There were no identical MRSA mother-newborn pairs. MRSA colonization by expectant mothers is uncommon and ...
Wutich Amber - - 2008
The health benefits of delaying the introduction of complementary foods to infants' diets are widely known. Many studies have shown that mothers with the support of close social network members are more compliant with medical recommendations for infant feeding. In our study, we examine the effects of a broader spectrum ...
Biringen Zeynep - - 2008
The observations of psychoanalytically oriented clinicians such as Mahler, Pine, and Bergman and Greenacre were descriptive of intriguing aspects of the infant's transition to upright locomotion. Yet, research on how walking creates changes in the infant and in the family have scarcely been studied. In this naturalistic home study, 46 ...
Garrett-Peters Patricia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to examine contextual, child, and maternal factors that are associated with mothers' early emotion talk in an ethnically diverse, low-income sample. DESIGN: Emotion talk (positive and negative labels) was coded for 1111 mothers while engaged with their 7-month-olds in viewing an emotion-faces ...
Korja Riikka - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and the background factors of maternal depressive symptoms and their relation to the quality of mother-infant interaction in a group of preterm infants and their mothers. METHODS: The signs of maternal depression were evaluated in 125 mothers of very ...
Gous, A; ;
The maternal representations as described by Stern (1995:171-190) are used in an extreme case to illustrate the link between depression and pathogenic maternal representations. The “motherhood constellation” focuses on the woman's representation of her mother as mother-of-herself-as-child, herself-as-a-mother and her representations of her child. Depression impacts seriously and negatively on ...
Figueiredo Bárbara - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To study mother-to-infant emotional involvement at birth, namely factors (socio-demographics, previous life events, type of delivery, pain at childbirth, support from partner, infant characteristics, early experiences with the newborn, and mother's mood) that interfere with the mother's positive, negative and not clear emotions toward the newborn. METHODS: The Bonding ...
Field Tiffany - - 2008
A review of the research on infant vagal tone suggests that vagal activity is associated with both infant growth and infant socioemotional development. Vagal activity has been noted to increase following the stimulation of pressure receptors as in massage therapy. Vagal activity, in turn, stimulates gastric motility which mediates weight ...
Walker Anne Marie - - 2008
This paper reviews and reflects on six papers, which describe various early home visiting interventions that resulted in positive outcomes, particularly in relation to the mother-infant relationship. The papers were published in a special issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal in 2006. We provide a brief overview of each ...
Macfie Jenny - - 2008
In role reversal a child takes an inappropriate parental, spousal, or peer role with the caregiver. The study assessed attachment disorganization with mother in infancy in the Strange Situation (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978) and role reversal at 2 years old in videotaped mother-child interactions. By closely observing role ...
Buskens I - - 2008
Ethnographic research was conducted in eleven low-resource settings across Swaziland, Namibia and South Africa to explore how the perceptions and experiences of counselling health workers, pregnant women and recent mothers could be used to improve infant feeding counselling in the context of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. We ...
Tolentino Karynna - - 2008
Maternal care of offspring is ubiquitous among primates, but its duration varies across species due to factors such as dispersal patterns and social dynamics, which influence opportunities for and potential benefits of maternal investment in older offspring, respectively. We examined mother-offspring associations in wild northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus), in which ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to identify possible motivations for mothers to consent to having their newborn infants participate in medical research on well-infant care and to compare between mothers of term infants and mothers of stable preterm infants. METHODS: Two-hundred mothers answered a questionnaire regarding their consent ...
Loncarek Jadranka - - 2008
Controlling the number of its centrioles is vital for the cell, as supernumerary centrioles cause multipolar mitosis and genomic instability. Normally, one daughter centriole forms on each mature (mother) centriole; however, a mother centriole can produce multiple daughters within a single cell cycle. The mechanisms that prevent centriole 'overduplication' are ...
Okanda Mako - - 2008
Whether 1-mo.-old infants were sensitive to social contingency of their mothers and strangers via a Double Video live-replay paradigm was studied. 8 infants were tested (M age = 45.4 days, SD = 7.4) to compare behavioral changes across conditions: a first contingency (Live 1), a noncontingent (Replay), and a second ...
Spicer Anna - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe the self-reported health status of mothers and maternal report of their infants' health problems at 3, 6, and 12 months after the infant's discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to describe the self-reported utilization of health resources and services during the first year of ...
Roberts Sam G B - - 2008
The authors examined looking behavior between 15 Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) infants and their mothers in the presence of a rubber snake (experimental period) and in the absence of the snake (control period). Two of the 15 infants looked referentially at their mother in the experimental period. Including both referential ...
Kanade A N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Varying results of worldwide intervention programs to pregnant mothers necessitate the need to understand the relationship between maternal nutrition and birth size among well nourished and undernourished mothers. OBJECTIVE: To examine this relationship among urban affluent mothers and to compare the findings with those on rural Indian mothers. SUBJECTS: ...
Allen Richard M - - 2008
When provisioning offspring, mothers balance the benefits of producing a few large, fitter offspring with the costs of decreased fecundity. The optimal balance between offspring size and fecundity depends on the environment. Theory predicts that larger offspring have advantages in adverse conditions, but in favorable conditions size is less important. ...
Stenius Fredrik - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is a close relation between the psychosocial environment of the infant--including the perception of maternal behaviour--and cortisol levels of the infant. One previous study has also demonstrated a correlation between mother and infant mean cortisol levels. In this study, this relation was further explored, also including father cortisol ...
Thun-Hohenstein Leonhard - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive value of antenatal maternal mental representations about the child for mother-infant interaction at three months after birth. PROBANDS: A total of 73 pregnant women attending a routine ultrasound examination during the third trimester, who agreed to return with their baby for the interaction study. METHODS: ...
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