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Results 301 - 350 of 1614
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Pauli-Pott Ursula - - 2008
In the present study, it has been hypothesized that anxious and depressed mothers may show less typical behavior in a laboratory observational setting because they may be more affected by unfamiliarity and the social evaluative meaning of the situation. They may thus show low consistency across laboratory and home assessments. ...
Matthey Stephen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal mood disorders are common in the first postnatal year, particularly if the infant has sleep problems. AIMS: This study explored the effectiveness of a residential parentcraft unit's treatment for infant sleep problems, and also its impact on the mother's depression, anxiety, and bonding. STUDY DESIGN: A one-group pretest-posttest ...
Martínez-Frías M L - - 2008
Studies on the structure of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and the mechanisms by which folate may reduce homocysteine levels in bacteria and in humans have provided a rationale to understand the conflicting epidemiological observations between the studies on the 677C-T and 1298A-C MTHFR polymorphic variants, and the risk of ...
Combs-Orme Terri - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study describes mothers who report spanking their infants in the first 13 months of life. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six (246) mothers were interviewed in the Mother-Baby Unit of a large university-affiliated hospital in a large southeastern city of the United States. Ninety-three percent (93%) of those mothers were ...
Minagawa-Kawai Yasuyo - - 2009
Attachment between mothers and infants is the most primitive and primary form of human social relationship. Many reports have suggested that the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) plays a significant role in this attachment; however, only a select few provide experimental neurophysiological evidence. In the present study, to determine the neural substrates ...
Stiles Anne Scott - - 2008
Teen mothers and their mothers experience conflict due to poor relational boundaries. This conflict can result in maternal stress, which can affect the quality of mother-infant interactions. The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility and effectiveness of an intervention to improve relational boundaries between teen mothers ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2008
Little is known about how schizophrenia might affect how a mother responds to her infant, such as whether responding is reduced or impaired. The aim was to identify, from brief videotaped interactions, whether the responses of mothers with schizophrenia were fewer, less positive, more negative, and more 'abnormal' than mothers ...
Fenwick Jennifer - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the study was to increase knowledge and understanding of how women begin their roles as mothers when their infant is in the neonatal nursery. BACKGROUND: Research is limited into how women experience mothering in contexts such as the neonatal nursery. Consequently many nurses and midwives remain ...
Hill-Soderlund Ashley L - - 2008
Vagal reactivity and salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) were assessed in infants (M age = 13.55 months) and their mothers during the Strange Situation Paradigm (SSP) to investigate differences in physiological responses in a sample of insecure-avoidant and securely-attached dyads (N = 132). Infants classified as insecure-avoidant had significantly higher vagal withdrawal ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the early adaptation challenges and strengths of young mothers with preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Naturalistic inquiry was used to obtain a subjective description of the postpartum experience of 12 adolescent Latina mothers who enrolled in an intervention study subsequent to the preterm birth of their first baby. ...
van Doesum Karin T M - - 2008
This study examined the effect of a mother-baby intervention on the quality of mother-child interaction, infant-mother attachment security, and infant socioemotional functioning in a group of depressed mothers with infants aged 1-12 months. A randomized controlled trial compared an experimental group (n = 35) receiving the intervention (8-10 home visits) ...
Mendelsohn Alan L - - 2008
To assess verbal interactions related to television and other electronic media exposure among mothers and 6 month-old-infants. Cross-sectional analysis of 154 mother-infant dyads participating in a long-term study related to early child development. Urban public hospital. Low socioeconomic status mothers of 6-month-old infants. Main Exposure Media exposure and content. Mother-infant ...
Pansy Jasmin - - 2008
AIM: To find out the reasons for mothers to either use or not use a pacifier and to find out the mother's reasons for changing their mind. METHOD: We analysed the data of 174 mother-infant pairs by means of a semistructured questionnaire performed shortly after birth, and at the age ...
Latva Reija - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how mother's recollections of birth experiences and first contact with the newborn relate to the child's behavioral and emotional problems at five to six years of age. METHODS: The study included 28 mothers of preterm (birth weight < or =2500 g) and 39 mothers of full-term children, ...
Reusch Margret - - 2008
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cultures were obtained from 288 mother-infant pairs. A questionnaire given to mothers and medical record review assessed risk factors for colonization. Only 2.1% of mothers and 0.7% of infants carried MRSA. There were no identical MRSA mother-newborn pairs. MRSA colonization by expectant mothers is uncommon and ...
Wutich Amber - - 2008
The health benefits of delaying the introduction of complementary foods to infants' diets are widely known. Many studies have shown that mothers with the support of close social network members are more compliant with medical recommendations for infant feeding. In our study, we examine the effects of a broader spectrum ...
Biringen Zeynep - - 2008
The observations of psychoanalytically oriented clinicians such as Mahler, Pine, and Bergman and Greenacre were descriptive of intriguing aspects of the infant's transition to upright locomotion. Yet, research on how walking creates changes in the infant and in the family have scarcely been studied. In this naturalistic home study, 46 ...
Garrett-Peters Patricia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to examine contextual, child, and maternal factors that are associated with mothers' early emotion talk in an ethnically diverse, low-income sample. DESIGN: Emotion talk (positive and negative labels) was coded for 1111 mothers while engaged with their 7-month-olds in viewing an emotion-faces ...
Korja Riikka - - 2008
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and the background factors of maternal depressive symptoms and their relation to the quality of mother-infant interaction in a group of preterm infants and their mothers. METHODS: The signs of maternal depression were evaluated in 125 mothers of very ...
Gous, A; ;
The maternal representations as described by Stern (1995:171-190) are used in an extreme case to illustrate the link between depression and pathogenic maternal representations. The “motherhood constellation” focuses on the woman's representation of her mother as mother-of-herself-as-child, herself-as-a-mother and her representations of her child. Depression impacts seriously and negatively on ...
Figueiredo Bárbara - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To study mother-to-infant emotional involvement at birth, namely factors (socio-demographics, previous life events, type of delivery, pain at childbirth, support from partner, infant characteristics, early experiences with the newborn, and mother's mood) that interfere with the mother's positive, negative and not clear emotions toward the newborn. METHODS: The Bonding ...
Field Tiffany - - 2008
A review of the research on infant vagal tone suggests that vagal activity is associated with both infant growth and infant socioemotional development. Vagal activity has been noted to increase following the stimulation of pressure receptors as in massage therapy. Vagal activity, in turn, stimulates gastric motility which mediates weight ...
Walker Anne Marie - - 2008
This paper reviews and reflects on six papers, which describe various early home visiting interventions that resulted in positive outcomes, particularly in relation to the mother-infant relationship. The papers were published in a special issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal in 2006. We provide a brief overview of each ...
Macfie Jenny - - 2008
In role reversal a child takes an inappropriate parental, spousal, or peer role with the caregiver. The study assessed attachment disorganization with mother in infancy in the Strange Situation (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978) and role reversal at 2 years old in videotaped mother-child interactions. By closely observing role ...
Buskens I - - 2008
Ethnographic research was conducted in eleven low-resource settings across Swaziland, Namibia and South Africa to explore how the perceptions and experiences of counselling health workers, pregnant women and recent mothers could be used to improve infant feeding counselling in the context of mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. We ...
Tolentino Karynna - - 2008
Maternal care of offspring is ubiquitous among primates, but its duration varies across species due to factors such as dispersal patterns and social dynamics, which influence opportunities for and potential benefits of maternal investment in older offspring, respectively. We examined mother-offspring associations in wild northern muriquis (Brachyteles hypoxanthus), in which ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to identify possible motivations for mothers to consent to having their newborn infants participate in medical research on well-infant care and to compare between mothers of term infants and mothers of stable preterm infants. METHODS: Two-hundred mothers answered a questionnaire regarding their consent ...
Loncarek Jadranka - - 2008
Controlling the number of its centrioles is vital for the cell, as supernumerary centrioles cause multipolar mitosis and genomic instability. Normally, one daughter centriole forms on each mature (mother) centriole; however, a mother centriole can produce multiple daughters within a single cell cycle. The mechanisms that prevent centriole 'overduplication' are ...
Okanda Mako - - 2008
Whether 1-mo.-old infants were sensitive to social contingency of their mothers and strangers via a Double Video live-replay paradigm was studied. 8 infants were tested (M age = 45.4 days, SD = 7.4) to compare behavioral changes across conditions: a first contingency (Live 1), a noncontingent (Replay), and a second ...
Spicer Anna - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe the self-reported health status of mothers and maternal report of their infants' health problems at 3, 6, and 12 months after the infant's discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to describe the self-reported utilization of health resources and services during the first year of ...
Roberts Sam G B - - 2008
The authors examined looking behavior between 15 Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) infants and their mothers in the presence of a rubber snake (experimental period) and in the absence of the snake (control period). Two of the 15 infants looked referentially at their mother in the experimental period. Including both referential ...
Kanade A N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Varying results of worldwide intervention programs to pregnant mothers necessitate the need to understand the relationship between maternal nutrition and birth size among well nourished and undernourished mothers. OBJECTIVE: To examine this relationship among urban affluent mothers and to compare the findings with those on rural Indian mothers. SUBJECTS: ...
Allen Richard M - - 2008
When provisioning offspring, mothers balance the benefits of producing a few large, fitter offspring with the costs of decreased fecundity. The optimal balance between offspring size and fecundity depends on the environment. Theory predicts that larger offspring have advantages in adverse conditions, but in favorable conditions size is less important. ...
Stenius Fredrik - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is a close relation between the psychosocial environment of the infant--including the perception of maternal behaviour--and cortisol levels of the infant. One previous study has also demonstrated a correlation between mother and infant mean cortisol levels. In this study, this relation was further explored, also including father cortisol ...
Thun-Hohenstein Leonhard - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the predictive value of antenatal maternal mental representations about the child for mother-infant interaction at three months after birth. PROBANDS: A total of 73 pregnant women attending a routine ultrasound examination during the third trimester, who agreed to return with their baby for the interaction study. METHODS: ...
K.A. Oshikoya
This study is aimed at determining the prevalence in Nigeria of parental use of prescribed and non-prescribed drugs to their infants, to identify the drugs involved and the determinants that promote the act amongst Nigerian mothers. A total of 736 mothers, selected from 20 Primary Health Care (PHC) centres during ...
Goldstein Lou Ann - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine if the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) could be used as an educational tool for mothers; if learning is dependent on the format used or the tester; and if mothers could retain information provided on motor development of infants born prematurely over a short period of ...
Noorlander Y - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: A pilot study was conducted which compared perceived mother-infant bonding in women admitted with postpartum depression or psychosis, with observations of mother-infant interaction by the nursing staff at both the time of hospitalization and that of release. METHOD: 25 mother-infant pairs admitted to a psychiatric unit were included in ...
Lyons-Ruth Karlen - - 2008
Recent high-risk longitudinal studies have documented a unique contribution of the quality of the early mother-child relationship to diverse forms of psychopathology in young adulthood, even with family economic status, later traumatic experiences, and some genetic factors controlled. In addition, measures of attachment-related deviations in caregiver-infant interaction predict more than ...
Wright Joyce A - - 2008
The birth of an infant with a disability is often perceived as the loss of a "perfect" baby and is typically an unanticipated event for the mother and family. Mothers may experience self-blame for the disability; therefore, sensitive communication is crucial. A private setting is recommended, with a minimum of ...
Brent Lauren J N - - 2008
This study describes natal attraction and infant handling in wild ursine colobus (Colobus vellerosus). Focal animal samples were collected from five infants of 1-16 weeks of age (mean: 14.5 focal hours per infant). Group members may be attracted to an infant, but unable to handle it because of resistance from ...
Correia Luciana Leonetti - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to characterize verbal contents expressed by preterm neonates' mothers during psychological support intervention. The sample was composed by 20 mothers of pre-term and very low birthweight neonates, hospitalized in NICU, allocated into two groups: 10 mothers with emotional clinical symptoms (MECS) and 10 ...
Reusch Margret - - 2008
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cultures were obtained from 288 mother-infant pairs. A questionnaire given to mothers and medical record review assessed risk factors for colonization. Only 2.1% of mothers and 0.7% of infants carried MRSA. There were no identical MRSA mother-newborn pairs. MRSA colonization by expectant mothers is uncommon and ...
Cevasco Andrea M - - 2008
The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of mothers' singing on their adjustment to and bonding with their new infants as well as use of music in the home environment in the first 2 weeks after their infants' birth. Preterm mothers were assessed for coping with their ...
Karl Donna J - - 2008
This article describes a simple, yet powerful postpartum intervention. The clinician gives each mother an instant photo taken of her with her newborn in the hospital a few hours or days after birth. For mothers, the photo becomes a snapshot-in-time to mark this memorable event. For clinicians, it represents a ...
Thomas Karen A - - 2008
Actigraphy is an easily applied approach for assessing activity and circadian patterns in mother-infant dyads. However, timing and duration of actigraphic measurements can affect assessment accuracy. The purpose of this study was to determine the number of days of actigraphy data required to portray circadian rhythm in mothers and their ...
Cho June - - 2008
To examine the effects of maternal depressive symptoms and infant gender on interactions between mothers and medically at-risk infants. Longitudinal, descriptive secondary analysis. Neonatal intensive care unit, intermediate care unit, and infectious disease clinic of the tertiary medical centers in the Southeast and East. One hundred and eight preterm infants ...
Winterbottom Janine B JB Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Lower Lane, Liverpool, UK, L9 7LJ. - - 2008
The provision of preconception counselling to women with epilepsy (WWE) has become established as recommended practice and includes a review of drug treatment and the provision of information and advice on both seizure and treatment-related risks to both mother and child. In this review we assess the evidence regarding the ...
Rickard Ian J - - 2007
Life-history theory states that reproductive events confer costs upon mothers. Many studies have shown that reproduction causes a decline in maternal condition, survival or success in subsequent reproductive events. However, little attention has been given to the prospect of reproductive costs being passed onto subsequent offspring, despite the fact that ...
Karraker Katherine Hildebrandt - - 2007
Relations between night waking in infants and depressive symptoms in their mothers at 6 months postpartum were examined using the data from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care. Although more depressive symptoms were only weakly correlated with a higher frequency of infant ...
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