Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1632
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Howell Elizabeth A - - 2010
To assess the use of antenatal corticosteroids in clinical circumstances for which both the NIH Guideline and local experts recommend their use and to describe characteristics associated with failure to use recommended antenatal steroids. We convened local experts to adapt the NIH statement by identifying clinical circumstances for which they ...
Bystrova Ksenia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A tradition of separation of the mother and baby after birth still persists in many parts of the world, including some parts of Russia, and often is combined with swaddling of the baby. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare possible long-term effects on mother-infant interaction ...
Walkup John T JT Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2009
To evaluate the efficacy of a paraprofessional-delivered, home-visiting intervention among young, reservation-based American Indian (AI) mothers on parenting knowledge, involvement, and maternal and infant outcomes. From 2002 to 2004, expectant AI women aged 12 to 22 years (n = 167) were randomized (1:1) to one of two paraprofessional-delivered, home-visiting interventions: ...
Jean Amélie D L - - 2009
The types of touch used by 12 mothers with their 1-, 3- and 5.5-month-old infants were examined longitudinally during two different interaction contexts lasting 5 min each. Changes in maternal touching as a function of infants' age and interaction context were revealed.
Korja Riikka - - 2009
The aim of the study was to assess attachment representations in mothers of preterm infants using the Working Model of Child Interview (WMCI) at the 12 months of the infant's corrected age. In addition, the relation between WMCI representation categories and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score at 6 months ...
Messinger Daniel S - - 2009
Automated facial measurement using computer vision has the potential to objectively document continuous changes in behavior. To examine emotional expression and communication, we used automated measurements to quantify smile strength, eye constriction, and mouth opening in two six-month-old/mother dyads who each engaged in a face-to-face interaction. Automated measurements showed high ...
Friedman Susan Hatters - - 2009
Postpartum depression occurs in at least one in seven new mothers, usually within the first 6 months after delivery. By the time of onset of postpartum depression, the mother has usually long since been discharged from the maternity hospital. Early identification and treatment of these mothers reduces both maternal and ...
Vaglio Stefano - - 2009
Fifty years after the term "pheromone" was coined by Peter Karlson and Martin Lüsher the search for these semiochemicals is still an elusive goal of chemical ecology and communication studies. Contrary to what appears in the popular press, the race is still on to capture and define human scents. Over ...
Rustin Judith - - 2009
This article focuses on the integration of self psychology with findings from infant research and neuroscience. While Kohut's psychology of the self provides a useful theoretical model for psychoanalytic practice, aspects of infant research and neuroscience offer specificity and nuance to basic self-psychological concepts. Kohut proposed that self-psychological psychoanalysis ameliorates ...
Padovani Flávia Helena Pereira - - 2009
To compare presence and severity of clinical symptoms of anxiety, dysphoria, and depression in mothers of preterm and of full-term infants and to observe changes in symptoms of mothers of preterm infants during hospitalization of the infants and after discharge, 50 mothers of preterm infants and 25 mothers of full-term ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2009
This review aims to consider evidence for the impact of maternal psychopathology on the child's attachment to the mother, and the role of this in mediating the known transmission of developmental and clinical risk to children. The studies reviewed focus on mothers with depression and psychotic disorder. A number of ...
Formanek Laureline - - 2009
Development involves interactions between genetic and environmental influences. Vertebrate mothers are generally the first individuals to encounter and interact with young animals. Thus, their role is primordial during ontogeny. The present study evaluated non-genomic effects of mothers on the development of rhythms of precocial Japanese quail (Coturnix c. japonica). First, ...
Oei Ju Lee - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the characteristics and short-term outcomes of mother-infant pairs with comorbid drug dependency and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: A population-based retrospective chart review was carried out of 879 drug-dependent mother and infant pairs in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital ...
Tsai Shao-Yu - - 2009
Correspondence between infant actigraphy and mother-recorded diary differed significantly when receiver-operator function area under the curve, correlation, and logistic regression was calculated with and without excluding periods of external motion. External motion occurred in 40% of recording time and significantly changed activity count per epoch.
Kalinauskiene L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This randomized control trial examined the effects of a short-term, interaction-focused and attachment-based video-feedback intervention (VIPP: video-feedback intervention to promote positive parenting). Design VIPP effect on mothers' sensitive responsiveness and infant-mother attachment security was evaluated in a sample (n = 54) of low sensitive, non-clinical, middle class Lithuanian mothers. ...
Figueiredo Barbara - - 2009
Adverse effects of maternal anxiety and depression are well documented, namely on the foetus/child behaviour and development, but not as much attention has been given to the mother's emotional involvement with the offspring. To study mother's prenatal and postpartum stress, mood and emotional involvement with the infant, the State-Trait Anxiety ...
Reissland Nadja - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies show that 65-85% of mothers cradle their infants to the left side of their body, but that this bias changes with maternal mood and stress. The present study examines the hypothesis that maternal stress and depression status will influence the cradling bias differentially. METHOD: As part of a ...
Góngora Ximena - - 2009
The effects of an intentional infant sign language program on mother-infant interactions were studied. Design was quasi-experimental, longitudinal, descriptive and comparative. The sample was composed of 14 mother-infant dyads, with the infants being between 5 and 9 months at the beginning of the study. The participants were middle or upper-middle ...
Pauli-Pott Ursula - - 2009
Study results diverge considerably in respect of the range of emotions expressed and control of negative affect by mothers in subsequently securely and insecurely attached dyads. The present study thus analyzes whether attachment security can be predicted by preceding maternal style of affect expression and control. Participants were 89 healthy ...
Moszkowski Robin J - - 2009
The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor ...
Slaughter Virginia - - 2009
Twenty-four infants were tested monthly for the production of imperative and declarative gestures between 0 ; 9 and 1 ; 3 and concurrent mother-infant free-play sessions were conducted at 0 ; 9, 1 ; 0 and 1 ; 3 (Carpenter, Nagell & Tomasello, 1998). Free-play transcripts were subsequently coded for ...
Young Robin L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the analytic advantages obtained from separating unmarried mothers with partners from unmarried mothers without partners when assessing risk of adverse birth outcomes. METHODS: Data were obtained from Listening to Mothers II, a national survey of women's childbearing experiences. Marital status was asked with three choices: married (71%), ...
Evans Cortney A - - 2009
This study examined development and stability in emerging patterns of co-regulation in mother-infant dyads (n=101) over the later half of the first year of life. Links to infants' attachment and developmental status were also examined. Co-regulated patterns of interactions demonstrated significant developmental shifts over time, with mother-infant dyads becoming increasingly ...
Abdulrazzaq Yousef Mohamed - - 2009
This study was undertaken to determine how mothers soothed their crying infants. A total of 1137 mothers of different cultural backgrounds were approached, 998 agreed to participate in the study, but only 716 completed the questionnaire through a telephone interview. Analysis was restricted to 702 mothers from the UAE nationality, ...
Black Beth Perry - - 2009
Life course theory, a sociological framework, was used to analyze the phenomenon of becoming a mother, with longitudinal narrative data from 34 women who gave birth prematurely after a high-risk pregnancy, and whose infant became medically fragile. Women faced challenges of mistimed birth and mothering a technologically dependent infant. Before ...
Black Maureen M - - 2009
Depressive disorders are a major source of disability among low-income mothers in developing countries. The objectives were to examine the association of maternal depressive symptoms and infant growth among infants in rural Bangladesh and to examine how the relation is affected by infant irritability and caregiving practices. Infant growth was ...
van Batenburg-Eddes Tamara - - 2009
Several studies found that maternal symptoms of anxiety or depression are related to functioning and development of the offspring. Within a population-based study of 2,724 children, we investigated the effect of maternal anxiety or depression on infant neuromotor development. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were measured during pregnancy and after ...
Tronick Edward - - 2009
Depression is the most frequent psychiatric disorder and has long-term, compromising effects on the mother-infant relationship and the child's development. The infant continuously faces a climate of negative affect that disrupts the interactive experience of the infant and the mother. This article presents findings on the impact of maternal depression ...
Atkinson Leslie - - 2009
Although central to attachment theory, internal working models remain a useful heuristic in need of concretization. We compared the selective attention of organized and disorganized mothers using the emotional Stroop task. Both disorganized attachment and emotional Stroop response involve the coordination of strongly conflicting motivations under conditions of emotional arousal. ...
Yurdakul Ziya - - 2009
Background. Mothers of infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are believed to have heightened distress. The purpose of this paper was to determine depression and anxiety symptoms and attachment style in NICU mothers. Methods. The NICU group consisted of mothers whose infants were admitted to the NICU ...
Kaplan Peter S - - 2009
The hypothesis that aspects of current mother-infant interactions predict an infant's response to maternal infant-directed speech (IDS) was tested. Relative to infants of non-depressed mothers, those of depressed mothers acquired weaker voice-face associations in response to their own mothers' IDS in a conditioned-attention paradigm, although this was partially attributable to ...
Gould Katharine - - 2009
The traditional psychoanalytic practice with children focuses on the observation and the interpretation of the child's play. In contrast, in my treatment of Sara, my focus was on playing with the child. Since initially she was unable to play, Ifirst taught her how to act out fantasies in play until, ...
Coleman Brenda L - - 2009
PURPOSE: Infant age at introduction of solid foods was examined, as were maternal characteristics associated with adherence to recommendations. METHODS: In a telephone survey, 2153 mothers living in Ontario were asked questions about the age at which foods were introduced to their infants. RESULTS: Eighteen percent of respondents introduced infant ...
Cooper Peter J PJ School of Psychology, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AL. - - 2009
To assess the efficacy of an intervention designed to improve the mother-infant relationship and security of infant attachment in a South African peri-urban settlement with marked adverse socioeconomic circumstances. Randomised controlled trial. Khayelitsha, a peri-urban settlement in South Africa. 449 pregnant women. The intervention was delivered from late pregnancy and ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2009
To compare the rates of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome or death at 18 to 22 months among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants born to mothers >or=4 0 years to the corresponding rates among infants of younger mothers. Prospective evaluation of ELBW infants to quantify the relative risks of maternal age ...
Quantin Catherine - - 2009
To assess the Burgundy perinatal network (18 obstetrical units; 18 500 births per year), discharge abstracts and additional data were collected for all mothers and newborns. In accordance with French law, data were rendered anonymous before statistical analysis, and were linked to patients using a specific procedure. This procedure allowed ...
Khalesi Nasrin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge, attitude, and behaviour of mothers about neonatal jaundice. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 400 cases who delivered at Ali-Ebne Abitaleb Hospital in Zahedan-Iran during April and May 2006 were interviewed to complete 21-point questionnaires. The first data was analyzed descriptively then analytically by chi2, Pearson correlation, ...
Lindberg Birgitta - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the mothers' experience of having a prematurely born infant, with the focus on the birth itself and during the time immediately following the birth. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative design was chosen to achieve the aim of this study. METHODS: Six mothers, ...
Barry Robin A - - 2008
Scholars acknowledge that both biologically-founded child temperament and environmental factors are influential in determining the quality of infant-mother attachment. We present evidence for gene by environment (G x E) interaction in the organization of attachment. Participants were 88 typically developing infants and their mothers. Molecular genetic measures of the infants ...
Hanson Lars A - - 2009
Immunological tolerance by the mother prevents rejection of the foetus, but aberrations may increase risk of abnormalities like spontaneous abortion, or foetal growth restriction. The neonate is normally colonized with mother's gut microflora, mainly composed of protective anaerobes. This least threatening form of microbial colonization of the neonate, is impaired ...
Field Tiffany - - 2009
Maternal dysthymia and major depression effects on mother-infant interactions were assessed when the infants were 3-months-old. The dysthymia group mothers spent less time smiling, touching and imitating their infants and more time moving their infants' limbs. The infants of the dysthymia group mothers spent less time smiling and more time ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine coregulation between mothers and preterm infants in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system activity, as indicated by salivary cortisol levels, while mothers held their infants. The research questions were (a) does mother-infant coregulation in HPA activity occur during holding? and (b) if mother- infant ...
Newnham Carol A - - 2009
Mothers of hospitalised preterm infants were randomised into an intervention or control condition. Intervention mothers received a modified Mother-Infant Transaction Program over seven sessions prior to infant discharge and two sessions over the next 3 months. Infant temperament, mother-infant interaction and parenting stress were assessed at 3 and 6 months ...
Olson Beth H BH Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1225, USA. - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the perspectives of health professionals on assisting low income mothers with infant feeding. Low income mothers interact with a variety of health professionals through medical care and public health programs. Mothers indicate that health professionals are an important source of infant feeding ...
Kasmaei Parisa - - 2008
AIM: Mothers' understanding and co-operation is an important factor supporting primary prevention and secondary prophylaxis for controlling rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. We sought to determine mothers' knowledge about different aspects of rheumatic fever. METHOD: Participation of 500 mothers referred to healthcare centers in Guilan province was sought for ...
Carvalho Ana Emilia Vita - - 2008
The purpose of this study was: (a) to assess and to compare anxiety and depression symptoms in mothers of preterm neonates during hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, after discharge, and at the end of the infants' first year of life; and (b) to assess the child's development at ...
Padovani Flávia Helena Pereira - - 2008
The objective of the present study was: (a) to identify the concerns, verbally expressed, of 50 mothers regarding their preterm infants (PT) and then compare their verbal expression with those of 25 mothers of full-term infants (FT); and (b) to correlate the mothers' verbal expressions with maternal and infant variables. ...
Melnyk Bernadette Mazurek - - 2008
Understanding the processes through which interventions work for mothers of premature infants is necessary for the advancement of science and the translation of efficacious interventions into clinical practice settings. To test a theoretical model examining the processes through which an educational-behavioral intervention program (Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment [COPE]) influences ...
Rahman A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Programmes that promote early psychological development of children in the developed world have been found to be beneficial. However, such programmes are rare in underprivileged parts of the developing world. We adapted one such parent-based programme (Learning Through Play) for a rural Pakistani population and aimed to study if: ...
Domizio Paola - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of Vinsanto mother sediment both on the growth and biodiversity of the yeast microflora and on the production of ethanol under natural and inoculated fermentation of Vinsanto wines. To achieve this ten fermentation trials were carried out in 50-L barrels, ...
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