Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1613
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Moszkowski Robin J - - 2009
The present study investigated the touching behaviors of 4-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers during the still-face (SF; maternal emotional unavailability) and separation (SP; maternal physical unavailability) procedures. Forty-one dyads participated in the present study; dyads were from low SES backgrounds and they exhibited poor relationship qualities (e.g. poor ...
Slaughter Virginia - - 2009
Twenty-four infants were tested monthly for the production of imperative and declarative gestures between 0 ; 9 and 1 ; 3 and concurrent mother-infant free-play sessions were conducted at 0 ; 9, 1 ; 0 and 1 ; 3 (Carpenter, Nagell & Tomasello, 1998). Free-play transcripts were subsequently coded for ...
Young Robin L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the analytic advantages obtained from separating unmarried mothers with partners from unmarried mothers without partners when assessing risk of adverse birth outcomes. METHODS: Data were obtained from Listening to Mothers II, a national survey of women's childbearing experiences. Marital status was asked with three choices: married (71%), ...
Evans Cortney A - - 2009
This study examined development and stability in emerging patterns of co-regulation in mother-infant dyads (n=101) over the later half of the first year of life. Links to infants' attachment and developmental status were also examined. Co-regulated patterns of interactions demonstrated significant developmental shifts over time, with mother-infant dyads becoming increasingly ...
Abdulrazzaq Yousef Mohamed - - 2009
This study was undertaken to determine how mothers soothed their crying infants. A total of 1137 mothers of different cultural backgrounds were approached, 998 agreed to participate in the study, but only 716 completed the questionnaire through a telephone interview. Analysis was restricted to 702 mothers from the UAE nationality, ...
Black Beth Perry - - 2009
Life course theory, a sociological framework, was used to analyze the phenomenon of becoming a mother, with longitudinal narrative data from 34 women who gave birth prematurely after a high-risk pregnancy, and whose infant became medically fragile. Women faced challenges of mistimed birth and mothering a technologically dependent infant. Before ...
Black Maureen M - - 2009
Depressive disorders are a major source of disability among low-income mothers in developing countries. The objectives were to examine the association of maternal depressive symptoms and infant growth among infants in rural Bangladesh and to examine how the relation is affected by infant irritability and caregiving practices. Infant growth was ...
Cooper Peter J - - 2009
To assess the efficacy of an intervention designed to improve the mother-infant relationship and security of infant attachment in a South African peri-urban settlement with marked adverse socioeconomic circumstances. Randomised controlled trial. Khayelitsha, a peri-urban settlement in South Africa. 449 pregnant women. The intervention was delivered from late pregnancy and ...
van Batenburg-Eddes Tamara - - 2009
Several studies found that maternal symptoms of anxiety or depression are related to functioning and development of the offspring. Within a population-based study of 2,724 children, we investigated the effect of maternal anxiety or depression on infant neuromotor development. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were measured during pregnancy and after ...
Tronick Edward - - 2009
Depression is the most frequent psychiatric disorder and has long-term, compromising effects on the mother-infant relationship and the child's development. The infant continuously faces a climate of negative affect that disrupts the interactive experience of the infant and the mother. This article presents findings on the impact of maternal depression ...
Atkinson Leslie - - 2009
Although central to attachment theory, internal working models remain a useful heuristic in need of concretization. We compared the selective attention of organized and disorganized mothers using the emotional Stroop task. Both disorganized attachment and emotional Stroop response involve the coordination of strongly conflicting motivations under conditions of emotional arousal. ...
Yurdakul Ziya - - 2009
Background. Mothers of infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are believed to have heightened distress. The purpose of this paper was to determine depression and anxiety symptoms and attachment style in NICU mothers. Methods. The NICU group consisted of mothers whose infants were admitted to the NICU ...
Kaplan Peter S - - 2009
The hypothesis that aspects of current mother-infant interactions predict an infant's response to maternal infant-directed speech (IDS) was tested. Relative to infants of non-depressed mothers, those of depressed mothers acquired weaker voice-face associations in response to their own mothers' IDS in a conditioned-attention paradigm, although this was partially attributable to ...
Gould Katharine - - 2009
The traditional psychoanalytic practice with children focuses on the observation and the interpretation of the child's play. In contrast, in my treatment of Sara, my focus was on playing with the child. Since initially she was unable to play, Ifirst taught her how to act out fantasies in play until, ...
Coleman Brenda L - - 2009
PURPOSE: Infant age at introduction of solid foods was examined, as were maternal characteristics associated with adherence to recommendations. METHODS: In a telephone survey, 2153 mothers living in Ontario were asked questions about the age at which foods were introduced to their infants. RESULTS: Eighteen percent of respondents introduced infant ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2009
To compare the rates of adverse neurodevelopmental outcome or death at 18 to 22 months among extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants born to mothers >or=4 0 years to the corresponding rates among infants of younger mothers. Prospective evaluation of ELBW infants to quantify the relative risks of maternal age ...
Quantin Catherine - - 2009
To assess the Burgundy perinatal network (18 obstetrical units; 18 500 births per year), discharge abstracts and additional data were collected for all mothers and newborns. In accordance with French law, data were rendered anonymous before statistical analysis, and were linked to patients using a specific procedure. This procedure allowed ...
Khalesi Nasrin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge, attitude, and behaviour of mothers about neonatal jaundice. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 400 cases who delivered at Ali-Ebne Abitaleb Hospital in Zahedan-Iran during April and May 2006 were interviewed to complete 21-point questionnaires. The first data was analyzed descriptively then analytically by chi2, Pearson correlation, ...
Lindberg Birgitta - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the mothers' experience of having a prematurely born infant, with the focus on the birth itself and during the time immediately following the birth. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative design was chosen to achieve the aim of this study. METHODS: Six mothers, ...
Barry Robin A - - 2008
Scholars acknowledge that both biologically-founded child temperament and environmental factors are influential in determining the quality of infant-mother attachment. We present evidence for gene by environment (G x E) interaction in the organization of attachment. Participants were 88 typically developing infants and their mothers. Molecular genetic measures of the infants ...
Hanson Lars A - - 2009
Immunological tolerance by the mother prevents rejection of the foetus, but aberrations may increase risk of abnormalities like spontaneous abortion, or foetal growth restriction. The neonate is normally colonized with mother's gut microflora, mainly composed of protective anaerobes. This least threatening form of microbial colonization of the neonate, is impaired ...
Field Tiffany - - 2009
Maternal dysthymia and major depression effects on mother-infant interactions were assessed when the infants were 3-months-old. The dysthymia group mothers spent less time smiling, touching and imitating their infants and more time moving their infants' limbs. The infants of the dysthymia group mothers spent less time smiling and more time ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine coregulation between mothers and preterm infants in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system activity, as indicated by salivary cortisol levels, while mothers held their infants. The research questions were (a) does mother-infant coregulation in HPA activity occur during holding? and (b) if mother- infant ...
Newnham Carol A - - 2009
Mothers of hospitalised preterm infants were randomised into an intervention or control condition. Intervention mothers received a modified Mother-Infant Transaction Program over seven sessions prior to infant discharge and two sessions over the next 3 months. Infant temperament, mother-infant interaction and parenting stress were assessed at 3 and 6 months ...
Olson Beth H - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the perspectives of health professionals on assisting low income mothers with infant feeding. Low income mothers interact with a variety of health professionals through medical care and public health programs. Mothers indicate that health professionals are an important source of infant feeding ...
Kasmaei Parisa - - 2008
AIM: Mothers' understanding and co-operation is an important factor supporting primary prevention and secondary prophylaxis for controlling rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. We sought to determine mothers' knowledge about different aspects of rheumatic fever. METHOD: Participation of 500 mothers referred to healthcare centers in Guilan province was sought for ...
Carvalho Ana Emilia Vita - - 2008
The purpose of this study was: (a) to assess and to compare anxiety and depression symptoms in mothers of preterm neonates during hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, after discharge, and at the end of the infants' first year of life; and (b) to assess the child's development at ...
Padovani Flávia Helena Pereira - - 2008
The objective of the present study was: (a) to identify the concerns, verbally expressed, of 50 mothers regarding their preterm infants (PT) and then compare their verbal expression with those of 25 mothers of full-term infants (FT); and (b) to correlate the mothers' verbal expressions with maternal and infant variables. ...
Melnyk Bernadette Mazurek - - 2008
Understanding the processes through which interventions work for mothers of premature infants is necessary for the advancement of science and the translation of efficacious interventions into clinical practice settings. To test a theoretical model examining the processes through which an educational-behavioral intervention program (Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment [COPE]) influences ...
Rahman A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Programmes that promote early psychological development of children in the developed world have been found to be beneficial. However, such programmes are rare in underprivileged parts of the developing world. We adapted one such parent-based programme (Learning Through Play) for a rural Pakistani population and aimed to study if: ...
Domizio Paola - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of Vinsanto mother sediment both on the growth and biodiversity of the yeast microflora and on the production of ethanol under natural and inoculated fermentation of Vinsanto wines. To achieve this ten fermentation trials were carried out in 50-L barrels, ...
Song Mi Hye - - 2008
Centrioles play an important role in organizing microtubules and are precisely duplicated once per cell cycle. New (daughter) centrioles typically arise in association with existing (mother) centrioles (canonical assembly), suggesting that mother centrioles direct the formation of daughter centrioles. However, under certain circumstances, centrioles can also selfassemble free of an ...
Tsai Shao-Yu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Adequate light exposure is critical for entraining circadian rhythms, regulating sleep-wake cycles, and maintaining optimal mood. Yet, few studies have reported normative data on light exposure experiences in postpartum women and young infants; none has examined the two simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this pilot study was to document ...
Wroblewski Emily E - - 2008
Allomothering and adoption are well documented across primate species. Multiple hypotheses have been proposed to explain the evolution of such behavior according to the costs and benefits to the caregiver, mother, and infant. Permanent adoptions and allomothering have been observed in chimpanzees, but they typically involve the infants' siblings or ...
Nations Marilyn K - - 2008
This study investigates bereaved mothers' ethnoetiologies of avoidable infant deaths in Northeast Brazil. It critically examines the anthropological debate concerning "selective maternal negligence" as a relevant explanation for high infant mortality, based on an analysis of preexisting data. From 2003 to 2006, 316 ethnographic interviews collected by the author from ...
Faugli Anne - - 2008
PURPOSE: Chronic illness in infancy may influence parent-infant interaction. We assessed quality of mother-infant interaction in children with esophageal atresia (EA) and searched for predictors for impaired interaction. METHODS: The study group comprised 37 one-year-old infants with EA born in 1999 to 2002 and their mothers. A comparison group comprised ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2008
PURPOSE: A pilot study was conducted to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an intervention program for mothers of very low birth-weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). SUBJECTS: Thirty-three mothers of infants born weighing less than 1500 g. DESIGN: A single-group, pretest-posttest design was used. METHODS: Preintervention ...
Cerezo M Angeles - - 2008
Charting the dynamic character of mother-infant interaction requires using observational systems of sequential coding in real time. A longitudinal study was designed to approach maternal sensitivity in a more complex way using sequential analysis. The study was conducted with 20 high- and 20 low-risk mothers and their infants (aged: 3, ...
Begg-Reid Carolyn - - 2008
The purpose of the study presented here was to investigate the handedness and cradling preferences of a mother gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) from the Metro Toronto Zoo. The study also examined preferences for handedness for each member of the captive group. Observational data were collected using scan sampling at 60-sec intervals. ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2008
The prediction of events and the creation of expectancies about their time course is a crucial aspect of an infant's mental life, but temporal mechanisms underlying these predictions are obscure. Scalar timing, in which the ratio of mean durations to their standard deviations is held constant, enables a person to ...
Velez Martha M Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of - - 2008
Opioid dependent pregnant and post-partum women and their infants are a complex and vulnerable population requiring individualized, comprehensive and multidisciplinary treatment. Though methadone maintenance in the setting of comprehensive service provision during pregnancy significantly improves pregnancy outcomes for opioid dependent women, its use has implications for the infant, most notably ...
Motoyama Osamu - - 2009
A girl and her mother were diagnosed as having membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) type I. Microscopic hematuria and proteinuria presented at 9 years of age in the mother and at 14 years in the daughter. Both had persistent hypocomplementemia and were treated with steroids. When the mother was 40 years old, ...
Zelkowitz Phyllis - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Parental distress following the birth of a premature infant diminishes the parent's ability to be sensitive to the infant's cues, and this may affect infant developmental outcomes. AIMS: The present study examined the effects of maternal anxiety during infant hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on the ...
Rivera T L - - 2009
To evaluate autoimmune disease progression in asymptomatic and pauci-symptomatic mothers of children with neonatal lupus (NL). Clinical information on mothers enrolled in the Research Registry for NL (RRNL) was obtained from medical records. Genotyping was performed for -308A/G tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha, 869T/C transforming growth factor (TGF)beta and -889C/T interleukin ...
Stewart Robert C - - 2008
The objective of the study was to investigate the association between maternal common mental disorder (CMD) and infant growth in rural Malawi. A cross-sectional study was conducted at a district hospital child health clinic. Participants were consecutive infants due for measles vaccination, and their mothers. Mean infant weight-for-age and length-for-age ...
Niccols Alison - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infant attachment security is a protective factor for future mental health, and may be promoted by individual interventions. Given service demands, it is important to determine if a group-based intervention for parents could be used to enhance infant attachment security. METHODS: In a randomized trial involving 76 mothers, an ...
Pittard William B WB - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether infants who are born to adolescent mothers are at greater risk for health problems than those who are born to older mothers. METHODS: Data represent all health care encounters for infants who were born in South Carolina between 2000 and ...
Murray Lynne L Winnicott Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Reading, 3 Earley Gate, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2008
Responses to an unfamiliar adult were examined in infants of mothers with social phobia (N= 79) and infants of nonanxious comparison mothers (N= 77) at 10 and 14 months in a social referencing paradigm. On each occasion, a female stranger first interacted with the mother and then approached and interacted ...
Jacobs M J - - 2009
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with behavioral traits that predate the onset of AN and persist after recovery. We identified patterns of behavioral traits in AN trios (proband plus two biological parents). A total of 433 complete trios were collected in the Price Foundation Genetic Study of AN using standardized ...
Pauli-Pott Ursula - - 2008
In the present study, it has been hypothesized that anxious and depressed mothers may show less typical behavior in a laboratory observational setting because they may be more affected by unfamiliarity and the social evaluative meaning of the situation. They may thus show low consistency across laboratory and home assessments. ...
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