Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1614
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Negayama K - - 2010
The holding of 465 Japanese infants by their mothers was longitudinally observed at 4 and 9 months with several checkups and questionnaires of physical and psychological development and child-care attitude in a larger longitudinal study of mother-child relationships. A left side bias in holding was significant for the 4-month-old infants. ...
Field Tiffany - - 2010
In this paper studies are reviewed from the last decade on postpartum depression effects on early interactions, parenting, safety practices and on early interventions. The interaction disturbances of depressed mothers and their infants appear to be universal, across different cultures and socioeconomic status groups and, include less sensitivity of the ...
Hampson S E - - 2010
The objective of this study was to analyze whether maternal negative affectivity assessed in pregnancy is related with subsequent infant food choices. The study design was a cohort study. The subjects were mothers (N=37 919) and their infants participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by the ...
Najmi Sadia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: : The Personal Attitude Scale (PAS; Hooley, 2000) is a method that is under development for identifying individuals high in Expressed Emotion based on personality traits of inflexibility, intolerance, and norm-forming. In the current study, the goal was to measure the association between this maternal attitudinal inflexibility, early hostile ...
Bard Kim A - - 2009
A new mother and baby gaze into each other's eyes, mutually engaging with facial expressions, kisses and greetings. A new study shows that this behaviour is not uniquely human: such intersubjective interactions may have an evolutionary history of at least 30 million years.
Ham Jacob - - 2009
The authors illustrate how their work on mother-infant "relational psychophysiology" might inform psychotherapy research. They examined psychophysiology in 18 mother-infant dyads (infants' age: 5 months) during normal interaction and a still-face perturbation. They measured respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) as an index of emotion regulation and explored whether skin conductance (SC) ...
Moore Ginger A - - 2009
Exposure to anger in the family is a risk factor for disruptive behavior disorders characterized by ineffective vagal regulation. Effects of anger on developing vagal regulation may be due to direct exposure or to effects on parents' regulation of emotion as parents support infants' regulation. Little is known about the ...
Ferrari Pier Francesco - - 2009
Human mothers interact emotionally with their newborns through exaggerated facial expressions, speech, mutual gaze, and body contact, a capacity that has long been considered uniquely human [1-4]. Current developmental psychological theories propose that this pattern of mother-infant exchange promotes the regulation of infant emotions [4-6] and serves as a precursor ...
Tan Kok Leong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of mother-infant bed sharing in Klang district, Peninsular Malaysia and to identify factors associated with bed sharing. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study involving 682 mother-infant pairs with infants up to 6 months attending government clinics in Klang district, ...
Paris Ruth - - 2009
To date, few studies have examined suicidality in women with postpartum depression. Reports of suicidal ideation in postpartum women have varied (Lindahl et al. Arch Womens Ment Health 8:77-87, 2005), and no known studies have examined the relationship between suicidality and mother-infant interactions. This study utilizes baseline data from a ...
Hibel Leah C - - 2009
This study examined the relationship between mother and infant adrenocortical levels and reactivity to an emotion eliciting task. The impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on these relationships was assessed as a moderator. The sample (n = 702 mother-infant dyads) was racially diverse and from predominantly low-income, rural communities. During ...
Hobson R Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Women with borderline personality disorder have conflictual interpersonal relations that may extend to disrupted patterns of interaction with their infants. AIMS: To assess how women with borderline personality disorder engage with their 12 to 18-month-old infants in separation-reunion episodes. METHOD: We videotaped mother-infant interactions in separation-reunion episodes of the ...
Williams Sue W - - 2009
Maternal separation anxiety, that is, anxiety experienced by mothers when separated from their infants, was compared for 24 Hispanic and 41 Euro-American mothers. Compared to Euro-American mothers, Hispanic mothers reported more sadness and guilt when separated from their child. However, college education emerged as the sole significant predictor of maternal ...
Poehlmann Julie - - 2009
Predictors of maternal depression trajectories were examined longitudinally in families with an infant born preterm or at a low birth weight. A total of 181 mother-infant dyads enrolled in the study before the infant's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed at 5 timepoints, and contextual ...
Manian Nanmathi - - 2009
Emotion regulation (ER) has been conceptualized as an ongoing process of the individual's emotion patterns in relation to moment-to-moment contextual demands. In contrast to traditional approaches of descriptively quantizing ER, we employed a dynamic approach to ER by examining key transitions in infants of clinically depressed and nondepressed mothers in ...
Diego Miguel A - - 2010
EEGs were examined in data collected from 348 1-week, 1-month and 3-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers across several studies. Both the percentage of infants exhibiting spectral peaks and the frequency in Hz at which those peaks were exhibited increased with age. Consistent with previous studies, infants of depressed ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2011
This correlational study examined how mother's posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are related to characteristics of the mother and her infant, as well as to mother-infant interaction and infant development, in 21 mothers of very low birthweight infants. Twenty-three percent of mothers scored in the clinical range on a measure ...
Motta Mario - - 2009
Systemic autoimmune disorders have a higher prevalence in women, particularly during their childbearing age. A growing interest is being paid to the possible consequences of maternal disease and associated treatment on the fetus and newborn infant. If maternal disease is characterized by the presence of IgG isotype auto-antibodies, these can ...
Faturi Claudia B - - 2010
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is the main neuroendocrine system of response to stress, and an imbalance of this system's activity is believed to be at the core of numerous psychiatric pathologies. During the neonatal period, the glucocorticoid response to stress is maintained at low levels by specific maternal behaviours, which ...
Oswalt Krista L - - 2009
The difficulties that adolescent mothers encounter as a result of the combined stress of adolescence, parenthood, maintaining peer relationships, and establishing positive relationships with their infants have been identified in the literature, and these characteristics are often associated with poor infant outcomes. This study was designed to examine the effects ...
Gravem Dana - - 2009
To identify important factors that influence mothers' perceptions of engaging in exercise with their preterm infants. Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Thirteen mothers of preterm infants who were in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Two researchers conducted interviews with mothers in English or Spanish. Interviews were recorded, ...
Clinch C Randall - - 2009
Many mothers with infants work full-time, yet little is known about communication between women and health care providers regarding returning to work (RTW). Survey data were obtained from a community-based sample of mothers returning to full-time employment within 4 months postpartum. Bivariate analyses (chi(2) and independent sample t tests) and ...
Oei J - - 2010
AIM: To determine the short-term outcomes of newborn infants and mothers exposed to antenatal amphetamines in the state of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory during 2004. METHODS: Amphetamine exposure was determined retrospectively using ICD-10 AM morbidity code searches of hospital medical records and from records of local ...
Pearson R M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that perinatal depression is associated with disrupted mother-infant interactions and poor infant outcomes. Antenatal depression may play a key role in this cycle by disrupting the development of a maternal response to infant stimuli. The current study therefore investigated the impact of depressive symptoms on the ...
Duggan Anne K - - 2009
Home visiting programs for at-risk mothers and their infants have proliferated nationally in recent years, yet experimental studies of home visiting have yielded mixed findings. One promising strategy for explicating the effects of early home visiting is to examine moderators of program impacts. This study assessed the roles of maternal ...
Chambers Angelina N - - 2009
The number of incarcerated women in the United States is steadily increasing with 9% giving birth while serving time. Mothers and babies are routinely separated immediately and during most of the postpartum period. This qualitative study examines the impact of this policy by exploring the nature and meaning of the ...
Morton J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pump-dependent mothers of preterm infants commonly experience insufficient production. We observed additional milk could be expressed following pumping using hand techniques. We explored the effect on production of hand expression of colostrum and hands-on pumping (HOP) of mature milk. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 67 mothers of infants <31 ...
Higley Elizabeth - - 2009
This study examined associations between mother-infant nighttime interactions and mother-infant attachment when infants were 12 months old. Forty-four mother-infant pairs participated in this study. For three consecutive nights at home, babies were observed in their cribs using a digital video system. Mothers reported on their nighttime interactions with their babies ...
Reyna Barbara A - - 2009
Synchrony is an essential component of the interaction between a mother and her infant and is characterized by adaptive and reciprocal behaviors that promote a mutually rewarding interaction. It is an antecedent for the emergence of self-regulatory function in infants and influences current and future interactions. Understanding the dynamics of ...
Brown Lisa F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and evaluation of an observation system to assess the process of mother-infant feeding interaction relevant to infant neuro-behavioral regulation: the Mother-Infant Feeding Tool. DESIGN: Secondary analysis. SETTING: Special care nursery just before discharge and in the home at 1 and 4 months postterm age. PARTICIPANTS: ...
McGlade Andrea - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Parental drug use is a critical public health issue; it is estimated to be present in up to 80% of referrals to Australian child protection agencies. However, no data regarding the child protection outcomes of infants of substance-using parents exist in Australia, and no comparisons have been made with ...
Dollberg Daphna - - 2010
To examine the relations between maternal representations, infant socio-emotional difficulties, and mother-child relational behavior, 49 clinic-referred infants and their mothers were compared to 30 non-referred controls. Clinic-referred infants' psychiatric status was determined with the DC 0-3-R classification of Zeanah and Benoit (Child Adolesc Psychiatry Clin N Am 4:539-554, 1995) and ...
Howell Elizabeth A - - 2010
To assess the use of antenatal corticosteroids in clinical circumstances for which both the NIH Guideline and local experts recommend their use and to describe characteristics associated with failure to use recommended antenatal steroids. We convened local experts to adapt the NIH statement by identifying clinical circumstances for which they ...
Bystrova Ksenia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A tradition of separation of the mother and baby after birth still persists in many parts of the world, including some parts of Russia, and often is combined with swaddling of the baby. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare possible long-term effects on mother-infant interaction ...
Walkup John T JT Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2009
To evaluate the efficacy of a paraprofessional-delivered, home-visiting intervention among young, reservation-based American Indian (AI) mothers on parenting knowledge, involvement, and maternal and infant outcomes. From 2002 to 2004, expectant AI women aged 12 to 22 years (n = 167) were randomized (1:1) to one of two paraprofessional-delivered, home-visiting interventions: ...
Jean Amélie D L - - 2009
The types of touch used by 12 mothers with their 1-, 3- and 5.5-month-old infants were examined longitudinally during two different interaction contexts lasting 5 min each. Changes in maternal touching as a function of infants' age and interaction context were revealed.
Korja Riikka - - 2009
The aim of the study was to assess attachment representations in mothers of preterm infants using the Working Model of Child Interview (WMCI) at the 12 months of the infant's corrected age. In addition, the relation between WMCI representation categories and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score at 6 months ...
Messinger Daniel S - - 2009
Automated facial measurement using computer vision has the potential to objectively document continuous changes in behavior. To examine emotional expression and communication, we used automated measurements to quantify smile strength, eye constriction, and mouth opening in two six-month-old/mother dyads who each engaged in a face-to-face interaction. Automated measurements showed high ...
Friedman Susan Hatters - - 2009
Postpartum depression occurs in at least one in seven new mothers, usually within the first 6 months after delivery. By the time of onset of postpartum depression, the mother has usually long since been discharged from the maternity hospital. Early identification and treatment of these mothers reduces both maternal and ...
Vaglio Stefano - - 2009
Fifty years after the term "pheromone" was coined by Peter Karlson and Martin Lüsher the search for these semiochemicals is still an elusive goal of chemical ecology and communication studies. Contrary to what appears in the popular press, the race is still on to capture and define human scents. Over ...
Rustin Judith - - 2009
This article focuses on the integration of self psychology with findings from infant research and neuroscience. While Kohut's psychology of the self provides a useful theoretical model for psychoanalytic practice, aspects of infant research and neuroscience offer specificity and nuance to basic self-psychological concepts. Kohut proposed that self-psychological psychoanalysis ameliorates ...
Padovani Flávia Helena Pereira - - 2009
To compare presence and severity of clinical symptoms of anxiety, dysphoria, and depression in mothers of preterm and of full-term infants and to observe changes in symptoms of mothers of preterm infants during hospitalization of the infants and after discharge, 50 mothers of preterm infants and 25 mothers of full-term ...
Wan Ming Wai - - 2009
This review aims to consider evidence for the impact of maternal psychopathology on the child's attachment to the mother, and the role of this in mediating the known transmission of developmental and clinical risk to children. The studies reviewed focus on mothers with depression and psychotic disorder. A number of ...
Formanek Laureline - - 2009
Development involves interactions between genetic and environmental influences. Vertebrate mothers are generally the first individuals to encounter and interact with young animals. Thus, their role is primordial during ontogeny. The present study evaluated non-genomic effects of mothers on the development of rhythms of precocial Japanese quail (Coturnix c. japonica). First, ...
Oei Ju Lee - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the characteristics and short-term outcomes of mother-infant pairs with comorbid drug dependency and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: A population-based retrospective chart review was carried out of 879 drug-dependent mother and infant pairs in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital ...
Tsai Shao-Yu - - 2009
Correspondence between infant actigraphy and mother-recorded diary differed significantly when receiver-operator function area under the curve, correlation, and logistic regression was calculated with and without excluding periods of external motion. External motion occurred in 40% of recording time and significantly changed activity count per epoch.
Kalinauskiene L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This randomized control trial examined the effects of a short-term, interaction-focused and attachment-based video-feedback intervention (VIPP: video-feedback intervention to promote positive parenting). Design VIPP effect on mothers' sensitive responsiveness and infant-mother attachment security was evaluated in a sample (n = 54) of low sensitive, non-clinical, middle class Lithuanian mothers. ...
Figueiredo Barbara - - 2009
Adverse effects of maternal anxiety and depression are well documented, namely on the foetus/child behaviour and development, but not as much attention has been given to the mother's emotional involvement with the offspring. To study mother's prenatal and postpartum stress, mood and emotional involvement with the infant, the State-Trait Anxiety ...
Reissland Nadja - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies show that 65-85% of mothers cradle their infants to the left side of their body, but that this bias changes with maternal mood and stress. The present study examines the hypothesis that maternal stress and depression status will influence the cradling bias differentially. METHOD: As part of a ...
Góngora Ximena - - 2009
The effects of an intentional infant sign language program on mother-infant interactions were studied. Design was quasi-experimental, longitudinal, descriptive and comparative. The sample was composed of 14 mother-infant dyads, with the infants being between 5 and 9 months at the beginning of the study. The participants were middle or upper-middle ...
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