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- - 2010
The hospital stay of the mother and her healthy term newborn infant should be long enough to allow identification of early problems and to ensure that the family is able and prepared to care for the infant at home. The length of stay should also accommodate the unique characteristics of ...
Allen Stephen J - - 2010
Lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria are increasingly being administered to pregnant women and infants with the intention of improving health. Although these organisms have a long record of safe use, it is important to identify any adverse effects in potentially vulnerable populations. In a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we evaluated ...
Page Melissa M University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85719, United States. - - 2010
Although maternal sensitivity has been shown to influence social-emotional development, the role of verbal stimulation on infant developmental outcomes has received less exploration. Recent research has focused on intentional behaviors within the context of a mother-infant interaction as a critical influence and as distinct from sensitivity. In this investigation 6377 ...
Colonnello Valentina - - 2010
Potentiation of infant isolation calls following a brief reunion with the mother is considered an index of filial bonding in altricial rodents. We investigated potentiation of isolation and reunion responses in 15-day-old unweaned domestic piglets (Sus scrofa domesticus). When piglets were re-isolated following a brief, comforting reunion with their mother ...
Jimenez-Cruz Arturo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of childhood obesity among infants and toddlers from low-income families from three cities in Mexico. This is a cross-sectional study of mothers and their infants and toddlers attending a vaccination centre at three primary care clinics in Tijuana, Tuxtla, ...
de Sousa Paiva Simone - - 2010
Non-verbal communication is predominant in the mother-child relation. This study aimed to analyze non-verbal mother-child communication in conditions of maternal HIV. In an experimental environment, five HIV-positive mothers were evaluated during care delivery to their babies of up to six months old. Recordings of the care were analyzed by experts, ...
Brethauer Margaret - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the lived experience of mothers having an infant with neonatal jaundice. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive phenomenological design with 6 mothers who had infants with neonatal jaundice. Streubert's method of phenomenology guided the collection, organization, and analysis of data to abstract themes. RESULTS: Eight major themes ...
Dogan D G - - 2010
A 6-hour-old infant was admitted with severe respiratory distress and hepatosplenomegaly. Her mother had arthralgia for 4 weeks in the 7/8th month of pregnancy and the infant was born at 31 weeks. Brucella spp was detected in blood culture and serology in mother and infant, supporting the diagnosis of brucellosis ...
Broussard Elsie R - - 2010
The goal of the present study was to examine the predictive relation between an individual's newborn status, as rated with the Neonatal Perception Inventories (NPI), and his or her adult attachment organization, as rated with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). All participants (N = 26) had been healthy, full-term, singleton, ...
Kurth Elisabeth - - 2010
According to an old Swiss proverb, "a new mother lazing in childbed is a blessing to her family". Today mothers rarely enjoy restful days after birth, but enter directly into the challenge of combining baby- and self-care. They often face a combination of infant crying and personal tiredness. Yet, routine ...
Pitcher Benjamin J - - 2010
In many gregarious mammals, mothers and offspring have developed the abilities to recognise each other using acoustic signals. Such capacity may develop at different rates after birth/parturition, varying between species and between the participants, i.e., mothers and young. Differences in selective pressures between species, and between mothers and offspring, are ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2010
A microanalysis of 4-month mother-infant face-to-face communication revealed a fine-grained specification of communication processes that predicted 12-month insecure attachment outcomes, particularly resistant and disorganized classifications. An urban community sample of 84 dyads were videotaped at 4 months during a face-to-face interaction, and at 12 months during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. ...
Vaishampayan Parag A - - 2010
Colonization of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of human infants with a suitable microbial community is essential for numerous aspects of health, but the progression of events by which this microbiota becomes established is poorly understood. Here, we investigate two previously unexplored areas of microbiota development in infants: the deployment of ...
Darboe Momodou K MK MRC International Nutrition Group, Keneba Field Station, P. O. Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2010
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important cause of community acquired pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis and otitis media globally and has been incriminated as a major cause of serious childhood bacterial infections in The Gambia. Better understanding of the dynamics of transmission and carriage will inform control strategies. This study was conducted among ...
Kawai Masatoshi M Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)/Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX), Japan. - - 2010
It is clear that early social interaction follows from mother-infant interaction after pregnancy. Many researchers have illuminated this interaction in the first years of life. Most common mother-infant interaction is the attachment behavior of an infant. The Japan Children's Study (JCS) development psychology group hypothesis is that the early mother-infant ...
Bretz Walter A WA College of Dentistry, New York University, NY 10010, - - 2010
The aims of this study are (1) to describe issues related to recruitment of mothers participating in a clinical trial of transmission of mutans streptococci (MS) from mother to child in Bauru, Brazil and (2) to perform cross-cultural and temporal comparisons of levels of infection of the MS in mothers ...
Chen C-W - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate the risks of adverse birth outcomes including low birthweight, preterm and small-for-gestational age among teen mothers. Data were collected from the Taiwan Birth Registry between 1985 and 1997. Among a total of 1,185,597 live births born to mothers aged 24 years or less, 151,259 ...
Negayama K - - 2010
The holding of 465 Japanese infants by their mothers was longitudinally observed at 4 and 9 months with several checkups and questionnaires of physical and psychological development and child-care attitude in a larger longitudinal study of mother-child relationships. A left side bias in holding was significant for the 4-month-old infants. ...
Field Tiffany T Touch Research Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, United States. - - 2010
In this paper studies are reviewed from the last decade on postpartum depression effects on early interactions, parenting, safety practices and on early interventions. The interaction disturbances of depressed mothers and their infants appear to be universal, across different cultures and socioeconomic status groups and, include less sensitivity of the ...
Hampson S E SE Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR, USA [2] Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Blindern, Oslo, Norway. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to analyze whether maternal negative affectivity assessed in pregnancy is related with subsequent infant food choices. The study design was a cohort study. The subjects were mothers (N=37 919) and their infants participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by the ...
Najmi Sadia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: : The Personal Attitude Scale (PAS; Hooley, 2000) is a method that is under development for identifying individuals high in Expressed Emotion based on personality traits of inflexibility, intolerance, and norm-forming. In the current study, the goal was to measure the association between this maternal attitudinal inflexibility, early hostile ...
Bard Kim A - - 2009
A new mother and baby gaze into each other's eyes, mutually engaging with facial expressions, kisses and greetings. A new study shows that this behaviour is not uniquely human: such intersubjective interactions may have an evolutionary history of at least 30 million years.
Ham Jacob - - 2009
The authors illustrate how their work on mother-infant "relational psychophysiology" might inform psychotherapy research. They examined psychophysiology in 18 mother-infant dyads (infants' age: 5 months) during normal interaction and a still-face perturbation. They measured respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) as an index of emotion regulation and explored whether skin conductance (SC) ...
Moore Ginger A - - 2009
Exposure to anger in the family is a risk factor for disruptive behavior disorders characterized by ineffective vagal regulation. Effects of anger on developing vagal regulation may be due to direct exposure or to effects on parents' regulation of emotion as parents support infants' regulation. Little is known about the ...
Ferrari Pier Francesco - - 2009
Human mothers interact emotionally with their newborns through exaggerated facial expressions, speech, mutual gaze, and body contact, a capacity that has long been considered uniquely human [1-4]. Current developmental psychological theories propose that this pattern of mother-infant exchange promotes the regulation of infant emotions [4-6] and serves as a precursor ...
Tan Kok Leong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of mother-infant bed sharing in Klang district, Peninsular Malaysia and to identify factors associated with bed sharing. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study involving 682 mother-infant pairs with infants up to 6 months attending government clinics in Klang district, ...
Paris Ruth - - 2009
To date, few studies have examined suicidality in women with postpartum depression. Reports of suicidal ideation in postpartum women have varied (Lindahl et al. Arch Womens Ment Health 8:77-87, 2005), and no known studies have examined the relationship between suicidality and mother-infant interactions. This study utilizes baseline data from a ...
Hibel Leah C - - 2009
This study examined the relationship between mother and infant adrenocortical levels and reactivity to an emotion eliciting task. The impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on these relationships was assessed as a moderator. The sample (n = 702 mother-infant dyads) was racially diverse and from predominantly low-income, rural communities. During ...
Hobson R Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Women with borderline personality disorder have conflictual interpersonal relations that may extend to disrupted patterns of interaction with their infants. AIMS: To assess how women with borderline personality disorder engage with their 12 to 18-month-old infants in separation-reunion episodes. METHOD: We videotaped mother-infant interactions in separation-reunion episodes of the ...
Williams Sue W - - 2009
Maternal separation anxiety, that is, anxiety experienced by mothers when separated from their infants, was compared for 24 Hispanic and 41 Euro-American mothers. Compared to Euro-American mothers, Hispanic mothers reported more sadness and guilt when separated from their child. However, college education emerged as the sole significant predictor of maternal ...
Poehlmann Julie J Human Development and Family Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53705, USA. - - 2009
Predictors of maternal depression trajectories were examined longitudinally in families with an infant born preterm or at a low birth weight. A total of 181 mother-infant dyads enrolled in the study before the infant's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed at 5 timepoints, and contextual ...
Manian Nanmathi - - 2009
Emotion regulation (ER) has been conceptualized as an ongoing process of the individual's emotion patterns in relation to moment-to-moment contextual demands. In contrast to traditional approaches of descriptively quantizing ER, we employed a dynamic approach to ER by examining key transitions in infants of clinically depressed and nondepressed mothers in ...
Diego Miguel A MA Touch Research Institutes, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA. - - 2010
EEGs were examined in data collected from 348 1-week, 1-month and 3-month-old infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers across several studies. Both the percentage of infants exhibiting spectral peaks and the frequency in Hz at which those peaks were exhibited increased with age. Consistent with previous studies, infants of depressed ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2011
This correlational study examined how mother's posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are related to characteristics of the mother and her infant, as well as to mother-infant interaction and infant development, in 21 mothers of very low birthweight infants. Twenty-three percent of mothers scored in the clinical range on a measure ...
Motta Mario - - 2009
Systemic autoimmune disorders have a higher prevalence in women, particularly during their childbearing age. A growing interest is being paid to the possible consequences of maternal disease and associated treatment on the fetus and newborn infant. If maternal disease is characterized by the presence of IgG isotype auto-antibodies, these can ...
Faturi Claudia B - - 2010
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is the main neuroendocrine system of response to stress, and an imbalance of this system's activity is believed to be at the core of numerous psychiatric pathologies. During the neonatal period, the glucocorticoid response to stress is maintained at low levels by specific maternal behaviours, which ...
Oswalt Krista L - - 2009
The difficulties that adolescent mothers encounter as a result of the combined stress of adolescence, parenthood, maintaining peer relationships, and establishing positive relationships with their infants have been identified in the literature, and these characteristics are often associated with poor infant outcomes. This study was designed to examine the effects ...
Gravem Dana - - 2009
To identify important factors that influence mothers' perceptions of engaging in exercise with their preterm infants. Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Thirteen mothers of preterm infants who were in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Two researchers conducted interviews with mothers in English or Spanish. Interviews were recorded, ...
Clinch C Randall CR Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084, USA. - - 2009
Many mothers with infants work full-time, yet little is known about communication between women and health care providers regarding returning to work (RTW). Survey data were obtained from a community-based sample of mothers returning to full-time employment within 4 months postpartum. Bivariate analyses (chi(2) and independent sample t tests) and ...
Oei J - - 2010
AIM: To determine the short-term outcomes of newborn infants and mothers exposed to antenatal amphetamines in the state of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory during 2004. METHODS: Amphetamine exposure was determined retrospectively using ICD-10 AM morbidity code searches of hospital medical records and from records of local ...
Pearson R M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that perinatal depression is associated with disrupted mother-infant interactions and poor infant outcomes. Antenatal depression may play a key role in this cycle by disrupting the development of a maternal response to infant stimuli. The current study therefore investigated the impact of depressive symptoms on the ...
Duggan Anne K - - 2009
Home visiting programs for at-risk mothers and their infants have proliferated nationally in recent years, yet experimental studies of home visiting have yielded mixed findings. One promising strategy for explicating the effects of early home visiting is to examine moderators of program impacts. This study assessed the roles of maternal ...
Chambers Angelina N - - 2009
The number of incarcerated women in the United States is steadily increasing with 9% giving birth while serving time. Mothers and babies are routinely separated immediately and during most of the postpartum period. This qualitative study examines the impact of this policy by exploring the nature and meaning of the ...
Morton J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Pump-dependent mothers of preterm infants commonly experience insufficient production. We observed additional milk could be expressed following pumping using hand techniques. We explored the effect on production of hand expression of colostrum and hands-on pumping (HOP) of mature milk. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 67 mothers of infants <31 ...
Reyna Barbara A - - 2009
Synchrony is an essential component of the interaction between a mother and her infant and is characterized by adaptive and reciprocal behaviors that promote a mutually rewarding interaction. It is an antecedent for the emergence of self-regulatory function in infants and influences current and future interactions. Understanding the dynamics of ...
Brown Lisa F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and evaluation of an observation system to assess the process of mother-infant feeding interaction relevant to infant neuro-behavioral regulation: the Mother-Infant Feeding Tool. DESIGN: Secondary analysis. SETTING: Special care nursery just before discharge and in the home at 1 and 4 months postterm age. PARTICIPANTS: ...
McGlade Andrea - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Parental drug use is a critical public health issue; it is estimated to be present in up to 80% of referrals to Australian child protection agencies. However, no data regarding the child protection outcomes of infants of substance-using parents exist in Australia, and no comparisons have been made with ...
Higley Elizabeth E Department of Psychology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, - - 2009
This study examined associations between mother-infant nighttime interactions and mother-infant attachment when infants were 12 months old. Forty-four mother-infant pairs participated in this study. For three consecutive nights at home, babies were observed in their cribs using a digital video system. Mothers reported on their nighttime interactions with their babies ...
Dollberg Daphna - - 2010
To examine the relations between maternal representations, infant socio-emotional difficulties, and mother-child relational behavior, 49 clinic-referred infants and their mothers were compared to 30 non-referred controls. Clinic-referred infants' psychiatric status was determined with the DC 0-3-R classification of Zeanah and Benoit (Child Adolesc Psychiatry Clin N Am 4:539-554, 1995) and ...
Howell Elizabeth A - - 2010
To assess the use of antenatal corticosteroids in clinical circumstances for which both the NIH Guideline and local experts recommend their use and to describe characteristics associated with failure to use recommended antenatal steroids. We convened local experts to adapt the NIH statement by identifying clinical circumstances for which they ...
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