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Results 151 - 200 of 1614
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Comino Elizabeth - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the establishment of the Gudaga Study, an Aboriginal birth cohort in south-west Sydney, and our approach to follow-up of participants. The Study describes the health, development, and services use of Aboriginal infants and their mothers. The research team works closely with the local Aboriginal community to ...
Luijk Maartje P C M - - 2010
Both attachment insecurity and maternal depression are thought to affect infants' emotional and physiological regulation. In the current study, Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) attachment classifications, and cortisol stress reactivity and diurnal rhythm were assessed at 14 months in a prospective cohort study of 369 mother-infant dyads. Maternal lifetime depression was ...
Leerkes Esther M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to examine the extent to which mothers' emotional (i.e., empathy, negative emotions) and cognitive (i.e., accurate detection of distress, goals about infant crying, and emotion efficacy) responses to infant distress are related to maternal sensitivity in tasks designed to elicit infant distress. Mothers' emotional ...
Cassidy Jude - - 2010
Pregnant female offenders face multiple adversities that make successful parenting difficult. As a result, their children are at risk of developing insecure attachment and attachment disorganization, both of which are associated with an increased likelihood of poor developmental outcomes. We evaluated the outcomes of participants in Tamar's Children, a 15-month ...
Byrne M W - - 2010
Within a larger intervention study, attachment was assessed with the Strange Situation Procedure for 30 infants who co-resided with their mothers in a prison nursery. Sixty percent of infants were classified secure, 75% who co-resided a year or more and 43% who co-resided less than a year, all within the ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2010
To examine whether a supportive nursing intervention that promoted kangaroo holding of healthy preterm infants by their mothers during the early weeks of the infant's life facilitated coregulation between mother and infant at 6 months of age. Randomized controlled trial. Sixty-five mother/infant dyads with mean gestational age at birth of ...
Shah Prachi E - - 2010
Studies have demonstrated a strong relation between adult attachment security, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and infant security, using the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). This suggests that a mother's representations of attachment may influence the development of her infant's attachment to her. This study both confirms and modifies that ...
Kim Pilyoung P Yale Program for Risk, Resilience and Recovery, Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, USA. - - 2010
Animal studies indicate that early maternal care has long-term effects on brain areas related to social attachment and parenting, whereas neglectful mothering is linked with heightened stress reactivity in the hippocampus across the lifespan. The present study explores the possibility, using magnetic resonance imaging, that perceived quality of maternal care ...
Melinder Annika - - 2010
The Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm (FFSF) has been used to investigate how infants react to stressful events. However, there is little developmental data on the FFSF effect, and whether it connects to a specific relationship (e.g., to a mother versus a stranger). This prospective longitudinal study aims to evaluate developmental changes ...
Solberg Øivind - - 2011
To examine the relationship between the severity of infants' congenital heart defects (CHD) and their mothers' symptoms of depression and anxiety from pregnancy to 18 months postpartum. Mothers of infants with mild, moderate, or severe CHD (n=162) and mothers (n=44,400) within the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were assessed ...
Donnot Julien - - 2011
Among the various interactions between an adult and an infant, postural behaviours and their lateral biases expressed by adults for holding an infant represent a growing field of investigation. To better understand the building up of mother/child relationships, the current study reports data concerning infant-holding biases collected in a new ...
Tluczek Audrey - - 2010
To examine effects of newborn screening and neonatal diagnosis on the quality of mother-infant interactions in the context of feeding. Study compared the quality of mother-infant feeding interactions among 4 groups of infants classified by severity of newborn screening and diagnostic results: cystic fibrosis (CF), congenital hypothyroidism, heterozygote CF carrier, ...
Luijk Maartje P C M - - 2010
Quality of the parent-infant attachment relationship influences physiological stress regulation. Genetic factors also contribute to the stress regulatory HPA-axis. Quality of attachment as an index of the rearing environment (measured with the Strange Situation Procedure, SSP), and HPA-axis related SNPs (BclI, rs41423247; TthIIII, rs10052957; GR-9β, rs6198; N363S, rs6195; ER22/23EK, rs6189 ...
Van Puyvelde Martine - - 2010
This study reports the occurrence of 'tonal synchrony' as a new dimension of early mother-infant interaction synchrony. The findings are based on a tonal and temporal analysis of vocal interactions between 15 mothers and their 3-month-old infants during 5 min of free-play in a laboratory setting. In total, 558 vocal ...
Fuchs Thomas - - 2010
Octodon degus (degu), a biparental species with precocious offspring is a potential model for the study of social attachment and related affective disorders such as depression. This study investigates the nature of the social bond between young degus and their mothers with a special emphasis on infant-mother recognition. We tested ...
Gartstein Maria A - - 2010
Growth modeling was used to examine the developmental trajectory of infant temperamental fear with maternal fear and depressive symptoms as predictors of infant fearfulness and change in infant fear predicting toddler anxiety symptoms. In Study 1, a sample of 158 mothers reported their own depressive symptoms and fear when their ...
Hartley C - - 2010
Maternal postpartum depression poses significant risks for mother-child interaction and long-term infant outcomes. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status has also been implicated in the development of postpartum depression, but the association between maternal depression and infant social behavior in the context of HIV infection has not been fully investigated. First, ...
Swingler Margaret M - - 2010
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 6-month-olds (N = 30) as they looked at pictures of their mother's face and a stranger's face. Negative component (Nc) and P400 component responses from the ERP portion of the study were correlated with behavioral responses of the infants during a separation from their ...
Korja Riikka - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between maternal representations and the quality of mother-infant interaction in a group of preterm and full-term infants. The study groups consisted of 38 mothers and their preterm infants (</=1500g or<32 gestational weeks) and 45 mothers and their full-term infants. Maternal ...
Reich Stephanie M - - 2010
To assess whether embedding pediatric anticipatory guidance into books read to infants is an effective way to educate low-income, first-time mothers about injury-prevention and health-promotion practices. Primiparous women (N = 168) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: an educational-book group; a noneducational-book group; or a no-book group. Knowledge ...
Stein Alan - - 2010
Postnatal maternal depression is associated with difficulties in maternal responsiveness. As most signals arising from the infant come from facial expressions one possible explanation for these difficulties is that mothers with postnatal depression are differentially affected by particular infant facial expressions. Thus, this study investigates the effects of postnatal depression ...
Schenk Laura K - - 2010
Mothers of preterm infants are reported to experience heightened levels of psychological stress, greater than mothers of full-term infants during the neonatal period. The purpose of this study is to describe the lived experience of what it is like to be a mother of an extremely low birth-weight infant during ...
Ross Abigail C - - 2010
Callimico goeldii gives birth to single offspring, whereas other callitrichids, including Callithrix jacchus, twin. This study compares maternal effort and infant development in C. goeldii and C. jacchus; it is the first study to look at nursing frequency. Infants were observed from birth for 7 weeks in two captive groups ...
Phillips Jane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Residential mother-infant intervention programmes for unsettled infant behaviour have been shown to be associated with positive child and maternal outcomes. Despite evidence of elevated rates of maternal psychopathology among residential unit populations, little is known about whether psychological disorders interfere with the effectiveness of such interventions. METHOD: Two cohorts ...
Shang Ning-Xiu - - 2010
The present study investigated a possible correlation between prenatal stress and the onset of infantile spasms. A total of 120 infants (60 cases, 30 positive controls, and 30 negative controls) went through routine etiologic screening. The Pregnant Woman Life Event Scale was used to investigate and evaluate the degree of ...
Siu Bonnie W-M - - 2010
The implementation of the Comprehensive Child Development Service in Hong Kong brought about the need for the development of an instrument for assessing mother-infant relationship impairments in women with postnatal depression. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire by was first translated into Chinese, then back-translated into English. An expert panel was set ...
Bergman Kristin - - 2010
Experimental animal studies suggest that early glucocorticoid exposure may have lasting effects on the neurodevelopment of the offspring; animal studies also suggest that this effect may be eliminated by positive postnatal rearing. The relevance of these findings to humans is not known. We prospectively followed 125 mothers and their normally ...
Ferber Sari Goldstein - - 2010
A growing body of knowledge is available on the father's instrumental role in the development of the child, but there is less data on the role he fulfills in preparing the child for challenging social encounters. The present study was designed to investigate the predictive value of the toddler's co-regulation ...
Raineki Charlis C Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, New York, NY, USA. - - 2010
Both abused and well cared for infants show attachment to their caregivers, although the quality of that attachment differs. Moreover, the infant's attachment to the abusive caregiver is associated with compromised mental health, especially under stress. In an attempt to better understand how abuse by the caregiver can compromise mental ...
Kaitz Marsha - - 2010
Children of anxious mothers are at risk for social-emotional difficulties and disturbed, early interactions with their mother may account for some of the risk. This study evaluated the association between maternal anxiety, features of mother-infant interactions, and infants' emotion regulation during stressful situations (still-face, play with a stranger). Thirty-four anxiety-disordered ...
van Bussel Johan C H - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the reliability and validity of three self-report questionnaires measuring the early emotional bond between a mother and her newborn infant: the Maternal Postpartum Attachment Scale (MPAS), the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS). In a monocentric prospective observational cohort study, 263 ...
Pawlby S S Section of Perinatal Psychiatry and Stress, Psychiatry and Immunology, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2010
Previous cross-diagnosis studies of interaction between mothers with severe mental illness and their babies have concluded that mothers with schizophrenia have deficits in interaction, but these studies have not included healthy controls. In-patients on a mother and baby unit, with diagnoses of schizophrenia (n=15), depressive mood disorders with or without ...
Biggar Robert J - - 2010
Immune maladaption between mother and infant has been suggested to induce preeclampsia/eclampsia. When fetuses share more human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types with their mother, immune differences would be limited and thereby could affect this risk. Data from Danish women (1996-2002) with single live-birth pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia/eclampsia were compared ...
- - 2010
The hospital stay of the mother and her healthy term newborn infant should be long enough to allow identification of early problems and to ensure that the family is able and prepared to care for the infant at home. The length of stay should also accommodate the unique characteristics of ...
Page Melissa - - 2010
Although maternal sensitivity has been shown to influence social-emotional development, the role of verbal stimulation on infant developmental outcomes has received less exploration. Recent research has focused on intentional behaviors within the context of a mother-infant interaction as a critical influence and as distinct from sensitivity. In this investigation 6377 ...
Allen Stephen J - - 2010
Lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria are increasingly being administered to pregnant women and infants with the intention of improving health. Although these organisms have a long record of safe use, it is important to identify any adverse effects in potentially vulnerable populations. In a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we evaluated ...
Colonnello Valentina - - 2010
Potentiation of infant isolation calls following a brief reunion with the mother is considered an index of filial bonding in altricial rodents. We investigated potentiation of isolation and reunion responses in 15-day-old unweaned domestic piglets (Sus scrofa domesticus). When piglets were re-isolated following a brief, comforting reunion with their mother ...
Jimenez-Cruz Arturo - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of childhood obesity among infants and toddlers from low-income families from three cities in Mexico. This is a cross-sectional study of mothers and their infants and toddlers attending a vaccination centre at three primary care clinics in Tijuana, Tuxtla, ...
de Sousa Paiva Simone - - 2010
Non-verbal communication is predominant in the mother-child relation. This study aimed to analyze non-verbal mother-child communication in conditions of maternal HIV. In an experimental environment, five HIV-positive mothers were evaluated during care delivery to their babies of up to six months old. Recordings of the care were analyzed by experts, ...
Brethauer Margaret - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the lived experience of mothers having an infant with neonatal jaundice. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive phenomenological design with 6 mothers who had infants with neonatal jaundice. Streubert's method of phenomenology guided the collection, organization, and analysis of data to abstract themes. RESULTS: Eight major themes ...
Dogan D G - - 2010
A 6-hour-old infant was admitted with severe respiratory distress and hepatosplenomegaly. Her mother had arthralgia for 4 weeks in the 7/8th month of pregnancy and the infant was born at 31 weeks. Brucella spp was detected in blood culture and serology in mother and infant, supporting the diagnosis of brucellosis ...
Broussard Elsie R - - 2010
The goal of the present study was to examine the predictive relation between an individual's newborn status, as rated with the Neonatal Perception Inventories (NPI), and his or her adult attachment organization, as rated with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). All participants (N = 26) had been healthy, full-term, singleton, ...
Bretz Walter A - - 2010
The aims of this study are (1) to describe issues related to recruitment of mothers participating in a clinical trial of transmission of mutans streptococci (MS) from mother to child in Bauru, Brazil and (2) to perform cross-cultural and temporal comparisons of levels of infection of the MS in mothers ...
Kurth Elisabeth - - 2010
According to an old Swiss proverb, "a new mother lazing in childbed is a blessing to her family". Today mothers rarely enjoy restful days after birth, but enter directly into the challenge of combining baby- and self-care. They often face a combination of infant crying and personal tiredness. Yet, routine ...
Pitcher Benjamin J - - 2010
In many gregarious mammals, mothers and offspring have developed the abilities to recognise each other using acoustic signals. Such capacity may develop at different rates after birth/parturition, varying between species and between the participants, i.e., mothers and young. Differences in selective pressures between species, and between mothers and offspring, are ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2010
A microanalysis of 4-month mother-infant face-to-face communication revealed a fine-grained specification of communication processes that predicted 12-month insecure attachment outcomes, particularly resistant and disorganized classifications. An urban community sample of 84 dyads were videotaped at 4 months during a face-to-face interaction, and at 12 months during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. ...
Vaishampayan Parag A - - 2010
Colonization of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of human infants with a suitable microbial community is essential for numerous aspects of health, but the progression of events by which this microbiota becomes established is poorly understood. Here, we investigate two previously unexplored areas of microbiota development in infants: the deployment of ...
Darboe Momodou K MK MRC International Nutrition Group, Keneba Field Station, P. O. Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia. - - 2010
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important cause of community acquired pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis and otitis media globally and has been incriminated as a major cause of serious childhood bacterial infections in The Gambia. Better understanding of the dynamics of transmission and carriage will inform control strategies. This study was conducted among ...
Kawai Masatoshi M Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)/Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX), Japan. - - 2010
It is clear that early social interaction follows from mother-infant interaction after pregnancy. Many researchers have illuminated this interaction in the first years of life. Most common mother-infant interaction is the attachment behavior of an infant. The Japan Children's Study (JCS) development psychology group hypothesis is that the early mother-infant ...
Chen C-W - - 2010
This study was conducted to evaluate the risks of adverse birth outcomes including low birthweight, preterm and small-for-gestational age among teen mothers. Data were collected from the Taiwan Birth Registry between 1985 and 1997. Among a total of 1,185,597 live births born to mothers aged 24 years or less, 151,259 ...
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