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Meijssen Dominique - - 2011
For very preterm infants the mother-infant relationship may be compromised. Maternal attachment representations 18 (corrected) months after very preterm birth and the effect of the post-discharge Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) were studied. The IBAIP is designed to assist parents to support and enhance their infant's regulatory competence ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2011
Fucosyltransferase locus 2 (FUT2) controls the presence or absence of blood group substances (A, B, H) in the saliva and other body secretions. Secretor/non-secretor phenotypes are associated with some metabolic and infectious diseases. ABO and FUT2 contribute to build up oligosaccharide structures of the cell surface that are important for ...
Takahashi Hidenori - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility of Bifidobacterium breve transfer from the mother to her infant during the perinatal period. Hundred isolates of B breve and 80 isolates of Bifidobacterium longum were collected from paired fecal samples of mothers and their infants. Bacterial DNA from the ...
Kalmijn Matthijs - - 2010
Using panel data from Dutch tax records linked to the municipality registry, we investigate how the partner status of never-married single mothers changes in the years after the birth of their first child. To explore a possible accumulation of financial problems, we study the effects of income on the chances ...
Forcada-Guex Margarita - - 2011
Premature birth is a stressful experience for parents. This study explores the links between maternal posttraumatic stress, maternal attachment representations of the infant and mother-infant dyadic interactions. The study enrols 47 preterm (GA<34 weeks) and 25 full-term infants. The Perinatal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Questionnaire was administered to evaluate maternal posttraumatic ...
Jimenez-Cruz Arturo - - 2010
Childhood obesity is being considered a global health epidemic, and one of the countries mostly affected by it is Mexico. The aim of this study was to assess the perceptions of low-income mothers with regard to their child's weight status and physical activity and their beliefs about healthy and high-density ...
Keren Miri - - 2010
Family functioning and mother-infant relational patterns were examined in 38 clinic-referred infants and 34 matched non-referred infants. Referred infants were diagnosed with the Diagnostic Classification for Zero to Three. On the family level, referred families showed significantly lower family functioning in all domains of emotional and instrumental communication, regardless of ...
Pearson Rebecca M - - 2011
The mother-infant relationship has an important influence on maternal mental health and infant development. Evidence suggests that this relationship is enhanced by a mother's sensitive response towards her infant's distress. We proposed that attentional processing of infant distress may indicate individual differences in this response. Research also suggests that maternal ...
Reissland Nadja - - 2010
The purpose of the present study is to examine the bi-directional nature of maternal depressed mood in the postnatal period on maternal and infant non-verbal behaviors while looking at a picture book. Although, it is acknowledged that non-verbal engagement with picture books in infancy plays an important role, the effect ...
Mogi Kazutaka - - 2011
Mother-infant bonding is universal to all mammalian species. Here, we review how mutual communication between the mother and infant leads to mother-infant bonding in non-primate species. In rodents, mother-infant bond formation is reinforced by various pup stimuli, such as tactile stimuli and ultrasonic vocalizations. Evidence suggests that the oxytocin neural ...
Botbol Michel - - 2010
Developed by Bowlby in 1969, the concept of attachment led to significant breakthroughs in the exploration of subjective and intersubjective developmental processes. Defined as an innate behavioral system that enables an infant to regulate his closeness to his mother, attachment lies at the crossroads of psychoanalytical and cognitive neuroscientific theories. ...
Marshall Peter J - - 2011
There is increasing interest in neurobiological methods for investigating the shared representation of action perception and production in early development. We explored the extent and regional specificity of EEG desynchronization in the infant alpha frequency range (6-9 Hz) during action observation and execution in 14-month-old infants. Desynchronization during execution was ...
Ivorra Jose Luis - - 2010
The aims of this study were to review studies on the molecular genetics of child temperament and prospectively analyze infant temperament as a function of the interaction between infant and mother: 5-HTT, DRD4, and MAO-A functional polymorphisms and the mother's emotional state. A prospective study of 317 newborns and their ...
Tsai Shao-Yu - - 2011
Objective: Entrainment to the day-night cycle is critical for infant sleep and social development. Synchronization of infant circadian systems with the social 24-hr day may require maternal activity signals as an entraining cue. This descriptive and exploratory research examines the activity level and circadian pattern in mothers and infants. Method: ...
Belsky Jay - - 2010
Life-history theories of the early programming of human reproductive strategy stipulate that early rearing experience, including that reflected in infant-parent attachment security, regulates psychological, behavioral, and reproductive development. We tested the hypothesis that infant attachment insecurity, compared with infant attachment security, at the age of 15 months predicts earlier pubertal ...
Kersten-Alvarez Laura E - - 2010
Whereas preventive interventions for depressed mothers and their infants have yielded positive short-term outcomes, few studies have examined their long-term effectiveness. The present follow-up of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) is one of the first to examine the longer-term effects of an intervention for mothers with postpartum depression and their ...
Maselko J J Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA. - - 2011
Long-standing theory suggests that quality of the mother's (or primary caregiver's) interaction with a child is a key determinant of the child's subsequent resilience or vulnerability and has implications for health in adulthood. However, there is a dearth of longitudinal data with both objective assessments of nurturing behaviour during infancy ...
Ahn Hye Young - - 2010
After births, premature infants need a high level of medical treatments for their survivals in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This separation deprives mothers of the chance to initiate an attachment process. Kangaroo care (KC) can be one of the ways to reunite mothers and their infants in the ...
Laudenslager Mark L - - 2010
The mother-infant dyad is crucial to early development in a variety of species. The complexity of social groupings in nonhuman primates makes this relationship resilient as well as susceptible to early challenges associated with environmental chaos. Quantitative behavior observations of bonnet monkey mother-infant interactions were collected from 28 mother-infant dyads ...
Comino Elizabeth - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the establishment of the Gudaga Study, an Aboriginal birth cohort in south-west Sydney, and our approach to follow-up of participants. The Study describes the health, development, and services use of Aboriginal infants and their mothers. The research team works closely with the local Aboriginal community to ...
Luijk Maartje P C M - - 2010
Both attachment insecurity and maternal depression are thought to affect infants' emotional and physiological regulation. In the current study, Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) attachment classifications, and cortisol stress reactivity and diurnal rhythm were assessed at 14 months in a prospective cohort study of 369 mother-infant dyads. Maternal lifetime depression was ...
Leerkes Esther M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to examine the extent to which mothers' emotional (i.e., empathy, negative emotions) and cognitive (i.e., accurate detection of distress, goals about infant crying, and emotion efficacy) responses to infant distress are related to maternal sensitivity in tasks designed to elicit infant distress. Mothers' emotional ...
Cassidy Jude - - 2010
Pregnant female offenders face multiple adversities that make successful parenting difficult. As a result, their children are at risk of developing insecure attachment and attachment disorganization, both of which are associated with an increased likelihood of poor developmental outcomes. We evaluated the outcomes of participants in Tamar's Children, a 15-month ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2010
To examine whether a supportive nursing intervention that promoted kangaroo holding of healthy preterm infants by their mothers during the early weeks of the infant's life facilitated coregulation between mother and infant at 6 months of age. Randomized controlled trial. Sixty-five mother/infant dyads with mean gestational age at birth of ...
Kim Pilyoung P Yale Program for Risk, Resilience and Recovery, Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, USA. - - 2010
Animal studies indicate that early maternal care has long-term effects on brain areas related to social attachment and parenting, whereas neglectful mothering is linked with heightened stress reactivity in the hippocampus across the lifespan. The present study explores the possibility, using magnetic resonance imaging, that perceived quality of maternal care ...
Shah Prachi E PE Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 , USA. - - 2010
Studies have demonstrated a strong relation between adult attachment security, using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and infant security, using the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). This suggests that a mother's representations of attachment may influence the development of her infant's attachment to her. This study both confirms and modifies that ...
Byrne M W MW Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, USA. - - 2010
Within a larger intervention study, attachment was assessed with the Strange Situation Procedure for 30 infants who co-resided with their mothers in a prison nursery. Sixty percent of infants were classified secure, 75% who co-resided a year or more and 43% who co-resided less than a year, all within the ...
Melinder Annika - - 2010
The Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm (FFSF) has been used to investigate how infants react to stressful events. However, there is little developmental data on the FFSF effect, and whether it connects to a specific relationship (e.g., to a mother versus a stranger). This prospective longitudinal study aims to evaluate developmental changes ...
Solberg Øivind - - 2011
To examine the relationship between the severity of infants' congenital heart defects (CHD) and their mothers' symptoms of depression and anxiety from pregnancy to 18 months postpartum. Mothers of infants with mild, moderate, or severe CHD (n=162) and mothers (n=44,400) within the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were assessed ...
Donnot Julien - - 2011
Among the various interactions between an adult and an infant, postural behaviours and their lateral biases expressed by adults for holding an infant represent a growing field of investigation. To better understand the building up of mother/child relationships, the current study reports data concerning infant-holding biases collected in a new ...
Tluczek Audrey A School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA. - - 2010
To examine effects of newborn screening and neonatal diagnosis on the quality of mother-infant interactions in the context of feeding. Study compared the quality of mother-infant feeding interactions among 4 groups of infants classified by severity of newborn screening and diagnostic results: cystic fibrosis (CF), congenital hypothyroidism, heterozygote CF carrier, ...
Luijk Maartje P C M - - 2010
Quality of the parent-infant attachment relationship influences physiological stress regulation. Genetic factors also contribute to the stress regulatory HPA-axis. Quality of attachment as an index of the rearing environment (measured with the Strange Situation Procedure, SSP), and HPA-axis related SNPs (BclI, rs41423247; TthIIII, rs10052957; GR-9β, rs6198; N363S, rs6195; ER22/23EK, rs6189 ...
Van Puyvelde Martine - - 2010
This study reports the occurrence of 'tonal synchrony' as a new dimension of early mother-infant interaction synchrony. The findings are based on a tonal and temporal analysis of vocal interactions between 15 mothers and their 3-month-old infants during 5 min of free-play in a laboratory setting. In total, 558 vocal ...
Fuchs Thomas - - 2010
Octodon degus (degu), a biparental species with precocious offspring is a potential model for the study of social attachment and related affective disorders such as depression. This study investigates the nature of the social bond between young degus and their mothers with a special emphasis on infant-mother recognition. We tested ...
Gartstein Maria A - - 2010
Growth modeling was used to examine the developmental trajectory of infant temperamental fear with maternal fear and depressive symptoms as predictors of infant fearfulness and change in infant fear predicting toddler anxiety symptoms. In Study 1, a sample of 158 mothers reported their own depressive symptoms and fear when their ...
Hartley C - - 2010
Maternal postpartum depression poses significant risks for mother-child interaction and long-term infant outcomes. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status has also been implicated in the development of postpartum depression, but the association between maternal depression and infant social behavior in the context of HIV infection has not been fully investigated. First, ...
Swingler Margaret M - - 2010
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 6-month-olds (N = 30) as they looked at pictures of their mother's face and a stranger's face. Negative component (Nc) and P400 component responses from the ERP portion of the study were correlated with behavioral responses of the infants during a separation from their ...
Korja Riikka - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between maternal representations and the quality of mother-infant interaction in a group of preterm and full-term infants. The study groups consisted of 38 mothers and their preterm infants (</=1500g or<32 gestational weeks) and 45 mothers and their full-term infants. Maternal ...
Reich Stephanie M SM Department of Education, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-5500, USA. - - 2010
To assess whether embedding pediatric anticipatory guidance into books read to infants is an effective way to educate low-income, first-time mothers about injury-prevention and health-promotion practices. Primiparous women (N = 168) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: an educational-book group; a noneducational-book group; or a no-book group. Knowledge ...
Stein Alan - - 2010
Postnatal maternal depression is associated with difficulties in maternal responsiveness. As most signals arising from the infant come from facial expressions one possible explanation for these difficulties is that mothers with postnatal depression are differentially affected by particular infant facial expressions. Thus, this study investigates the effects of postnatal depression ...
Schenk Laura K - - 2010
Mothers of preterm infants are reported to experience heightened levels of psychological stress, greater than mothers of full-term infants during the neonatal period. The purpose of this study is to describe the lived experience of what it is like to be a mother of an extremely low birth-weight infant during ...
Ross Abigail C - - 2010
Callimico goeldii gives birth to single offspring, whereas other callitrichids, including Callithrix jacchus, twin. This study compares maternal effort and infant development in C. goeldii and C. jacchus; it is the first study to look at nursing frequency. Infants were observed from birth for 7 weeks in two captive groups ...
Phillips Jane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Residential mother-infant intervention programmes for unsettled infant behaviour have been shown to be associated with positive child and maternal outcomes. Despite evidence of elevated rates of maternal psychopathology among residential unit populations, little is known about whether psychological disorders interfere with the effectiveness of such interventions. METHOD: Two cohorts ...
Shang Ning-Xiu - - 2010
The present study investigated a possible correlation between prenatal stress and the onset of infantile spasms. A total of 120 infants (60 cases, 30 positive controls, and 30 negative controls) went through routine etiologic screening. The Pregnant Woman Life Event Scale was used to investigate and evaluate the degree of ...
Siu Bonnie W-M - - 2010
The implementation of the Comprehensive Child Development Service in Hong Kong brought about the need for the development of an instrument for assessing mother-infant relationship impairments in women with postnatal depression. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire by was first translated into Chinese, then back-translated into English. An expert panel was set ...
Bergman Kristin K Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2010
Experimental animal studies suggest that early glucocorticoid exposure may have lasting effects on the neurodevelopment of the offspring; animal studies also suggest that this effect may be eliminated by positive postnatal rearing. The relevance of these findings to humans is not known. We prospectively followed 125 mothers and their normally ...
Ferber Sari Goldstein - - 2010
A growing body of knowledge is available on the father's instrumental role in the development of the child, but there is less data on the role he fulfills in preparing the child for challenging social encounters. The present study was designed to investigate the predictive value of the toddler's co-regulation ...
Raineki Charlis C Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, New York, NY, USA. - - 2010
Both abused and well cared for infants show attachment to their caregivers, although the quality of that attachment differs. Moreover, the infant's attachment to the abusive caregiver is associated with compromised mental health, especially under stress. In an attempt to better understand how abuse by the caregiver can compromise mental ...
Kaitz Marsha - - 2010
Children of anxious mothers are at risk for social-emotional difficulties and disturbed, early interactions with their mother may account for some of the risk. This study evaluated the association between maternal anxiety, features of mother-infant interactions, and infants' emotion regulation during stressful situations (still-face, play with a stranger). Thirty-four anxiety-disordered ...
van Bussel Johan C H - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the reliability and validity of three self-report questionnaires measuring the early emotional bond between a mother and her newborn infant: the Maternal Postpartum Attachment Scale (MPAS), the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS). In a monocentric prospective observational cohort study, 263 ...
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