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Results 101 - 150 of 1614
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Elabiad Mohamad T - - 2011
Objectives: To assess whether blood transfusions for infants with birth weights of 1000 g or less are a source of mercury and whether any mercury delivered through the transfusion is above the currently set oral reference dose. Patients and Methods: We studied an observational cohort. Inclusion criteria included birth weight ...
Belhocine Wahib - - 2011
To cite this article: Belhocine W, Ibrahim Z, Grandné V, Buffat C, Robert P, Gras D, Cleach I, Bongrand P, Carayon P, Vitte J. Total serum tryptase levels are higher in young infants. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011: Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01166.x. ABSTRACT: Background:  Mast cells participate in immune defense and allergic disease. ...
Amatuzzi Monica - - 2011
Premature birth is a well-known risk factor for sensorineural hearing loss in general and auditory neuropathy in particular. However, relatively little is known about the underlying causes, in part because there are so few relevant histopathological studies. Here, we report on the analysis of hair cell loss patterns in 54 ...
Quah P L - - 2011
Background Neonates with a family history of atopy are at higher risk for developing wheezing in early life. Objective From a birth cohort of at risk infants (first-degree family with atopic disease), we evaluated the influence of distinct intrinsic immunologic risk factors on wheezing disorders in the first 2 years ...
Karasik Lana B - - 2011
Associations between infants' transition to walking and object activities were examined. Fifty infants were observed longitudinally during home observations. At 11 months, all infants were crawlers; at 13 months, half became walkers. Over age, infants increased their total time with objects and frequency of sharing objects with mothers. Bidirectional influences ...
Kato Toru - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of conventional electroencephalograms (cEEGs) and amplitude-integrated EEGs (aEEGs) in the evaluation of brain maturation in normal pre-term infants. In addition, extrauterine acceleration of brain maturation was investigated. METHODS: A total of 129 EEGs recorded between 27 and 37weeks of postconceptional age (PCA) from 37 clinically ...
Watanabe Hama - - 2011
In young infants, activation or inhibition of body movements on perception of environmental events is important to enable them to act on the world or understand the world. To reveal the development of this ability, we observed movement patterns in all four limbs under the two experimental conditions. Infants assigned ...
George Isabel - - 2011
To document trends and covariates of creatinemia (Scr) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW, < 1,000 g) neonates, maternal characteristics [betamethasone, premature preterm rupture of membranes (PPROM), pre-eclampsia, maternal Scr], characteristics at delivery [gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), small for GA (SGA), Apgar, intubation] and during neonatal stay [ventilation, ...
Monteagudo B - - 2011
At birth, vernix caseosa can cover the whole body surface or accumulate only on the back and in the skin folds. Interest in its composition and function and its possible applications in adults has increased in recent years. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of vernix ...
Lopez Emmanuel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In adult patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, there is a gradient between end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO(2) ) and arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO(2) ), and the slope of the ascending phase of the capnogram is decreased due to obstruction. Corresponding data are lacking in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia ...
Beauchamp Josée N - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: In a prior retrospective analysis of 32 infants diagnosed with cow's-milk protein-induced enterocolitis (CMPIE), gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms were observed with the introduction of milk-free infant cereal. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the incidence of new GI symptoms with the introduction of either milk-free infant ...
Drossard Claudia - - 2011
PURPOSE: Anthocyanins, a colourful group of flavonoids in many fruits and vegetables, are proposed to provide positive impact on human health. However, intake estimations have almost exclusively been conducted in adult populations. As infants and toddlers are a promising age group for health promotion, we examined their anthocyanin intake (as ...
Auriti Cinzia - - 2011
Objective To investigate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) as a diagnostic marker of nosocomial sepsis (NS) and define the most accurate cut-off to distinguish infected from uninfected neonates. Setting Six neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Patients 762 neonates admitted to six NICUs during a 28-month observational study for whom at ...
Hagmann C F - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cranial ultrasound (cUS) findings help doctors in the clinical management of preterm infants and in their discussion with parents regarding prediction of outcome. cUS is often used as outcome measure in clinical research studies. Accurate cUS performance and interpretation is therefore required. AIMS: The aims of this study were ...
Dey S K - - 2011
SUMMARYSapovirus, a member of the family Caliciviridae, is one of the major causative agents of viral gastroenteritis affecting all age groups. A total of 3232 faecal specimens collected from infants and children with gastroenteritis in five different regions of Japan during 2003-2009 were examined for sapovirus by reverse transcription-polymerase chain ...
Shoji Hiromichi - - 2011
Conventional soybean lipid emulsions contain no docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or arachidonic acid (AA). We investigated the relationship between blood DHA and AA status in 27 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with or without parenteral lipid emulsion. Sixteen infants received parenteral lipid emulsion, and 11 infants were control group. The fatty acid composition ...
O'Connor Alane - - 2011
Purpose: Within a family medicine residency, an outpatient buprenorphine treatment program was provided for pregnant women who were dependent on opioids. The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of infants who were exposed to a range of doses of buprenorphine in utero and to determine how closely ...
Deng Li - - 2011
To investigate the association between birth month/photoperiod and refraction in infancy. Seven hundred twenty-two children with refractions measured between 1 and 3 months were included in this analysis. Non-cycloplegic near retinoscopy was performed by three experienced optometrists over a 32-year period. Photoperiod hours were calculated as the mean daylight hours ...
Morkane C - - 2011
Background/aims Treatment with intralesional triamcinolone/betamethasone is recommended for infantile sight-threatening periocular haemangiomas. This study investigates the endocrine and weight changes in 15 infants undergoing therapy over 12 years. Methods 15 infants, median age 19 weeks (range 10-56) receiving intra/perilesional triamcinolone/betamethasone underwent serial measurement of weight, early morning serum cortisol and ...
Prendergast M - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Prendergast M, Rafferty G, Davenport M, Persico N, Jani J, Nicolaides K, Greenough A. Three-dimensional ultrasound fetal lung volumes and infant respiratory outcome: a prospective observational study. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02841.x. Objective  To determine if fetal lung volumes (FLVs), determined by three-dimensional rotational ultrasound and ...
Cogen Martin S - - 2011
To observe the effect of a topical anesthetic on pain and corneal clarity in premature infants undergoing eye examinations for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP examinations were performed on premature infants who were randomized to receive either proparacaine 0.5% or an artificial tear solution in the right eye. All infants ...
Chadwick Sara L - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: This study describes differences in the values of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell (WBC), glucose, and protein counts in infants less than 60 days of age with fever who were not proven to have viral or bacterial meningitis. METHODS:: Three independent retrospective medical record reviews were conducted using ...
Cronin Katherine A - - 2011
The mother-offspring bond is one of the strongest and most essential social bonds. Following is a detailed behavioral report of a female chimpanzee 2 days after her 16-month-old infant died, on the first day that the mother is observed to create distance between her and the corpse. A series of ...
Senanayake M P - - 2011
A 4-month-old infant presented with continued fever, unresolving bronchopneumonia and household contact with sputum-smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) and showed marginal improvement on anti-TB chemotherapy. Recurrent pneumothorax prompted the clinical diagnosis of TB to be revised. High-resolution CT scan of the chest and open lung biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of pulmonary Langerhans ...
Asito Amolo S - - 2011
Plasmodium falciparum infection leads to alterations in B cell subset distribution. During infancy, development of peripheral B cell subsets is also occurring. However, it is unknown if infants living a malaria endemic region have alterations in B cell subsets that is independent of an age effect. To evaluate the impact ...
Granot Esther - - 2011
It is currently recommended that diet of pregnant mothers contain 200-300 mg DHA/day. Aim. To determine whether DHA supplementation during pregnancy and lactation affects infants' immune response. 60 women in ≥3rd pregnancy studied; 30 randomly assigned to receive DHA 400 mg/day from 12th week gestation until 4 months postpartum. From breast-fed infants, blood ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A - - 2011
Customized birth weight percentiles are weight-for-gestational-age percentiles that account for the influence of maternal characteristics on fetal growth. Although intuitively appealing, the incremental value they provide in the identification of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) over conventional birth weight percentiles is controversial. The objective of this study was to assess the ...
Woods Vanessa - - 2011
Bonobos have been observed to use socio-sexual behavior at higher frequency than chimpanzees. Little is known about the developmental influences that shape this behavior in bonobos. We compared the social sexual behavior of wild-born bonobo (n = 8) and chimpanzee (n = 16) infants in an experimental feeding test. Subjects of both species were ...
Dong Hong-Ying - - 2010
To observe the curative effect of TCM massage on difficulty in falling asleep, waking during night and other sleep disorder of infants. The 51 outpatients were treated by basic recipe for massage treatment and modified recipe according to syndromes. The total Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) score 3.2800 +/- 1.5784 after ...
Yam Charmaine H - - 2011
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation recommends starting positive pressure ventilation (PPV) in the delivery room when heart rate (HR) <100 beats per min (bpm) and giving cardiac compressions when HR <60 bpm. Objective To describe the effect of PPV on HR in infants <30 weeks gestation with HR <100 ...
Poulton David A - - 2011
Current neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend using visual assessment of chest wall movements to guide the choice of inflating pressure during positive pressure ventilation (PPV) in the delivery room. The accuracy of this assessment has not been tested. We compared the assessment of chest rise made by observers standing at the ...
Meijssen Dominique - - 2011
For very preterm infants the mother-infant relationship may be compromised. Maternal attachment representations 18 (corrected) months after very preterm birth and the effect of the post-discharge Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP) were studied. The IBAIP is designed to assist parents to support and enhance their infant's regulatory competence ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2011
Fucosyltransferase locus 2 (FUT2) controls the presence or absence of blood group substances (A, B, H) in the saliva and other body secretions. Secretor/non-secretor phenotypes are associated with some metabolic and infectious diseases. ABO and FUT2 contribute to build up oligosaccharide structures of the cell surface that are important for ...
Takahashi Hidenori - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility of Bifidobacterium breve transfer from the mother to her infant during the perinatal period. Hundred isolates of B breve and 80 isolates of Bifidobacterium longum were collected from paired fecal samples of mothers and their infants. Bacterial DNA from the ...
Kalmijn Matthijs - - 2010
Using panel data from Dutch tax records linked to the municipality registry, we investigate how the partner status of never-married single mothers changes in the years after the birth of their first child. To explore a possible accumulation of financial problems, we study the effects of income on the chances ...
Forcada-Guex Margarita - - 2011
Premature birth is a stressful experience for parents. This study explores the links between maternal posttraumatic stress, maternal attachment representations of the infant and mother-infant dyadic interactions. The study enrols 47 preterm (GA<34 weeks) and 25 full-term infants. The Perinatal Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Questionnaire was administered to evaluate maternal posttraumatic ...
Jimenez-Cruz Arturo - - 2010
Childhood obesity is being considered a global health epidemic, and one of the countries mostly affected by it is Mexico. The aim of this study was to assess the perceptions of low-income mothers with regard to their child's weight status and physical activity and their beliefs about healthy and high-density ...
Keren Miri - - 2010
Family functioning and mother-infant relational patterns were examined in 38 clinic-referred infants and 34 matched non-referred infants. Referred infants were diagnosed with the Diagnostic Classification for Zero to Three. On the family level, referred families showed significantly lower family functioning in all domains of emotional and instrumental communication, regardless of ...
Pearson Rebecca M - - 2011
The mother-infant relationship has an important influence on maternal mental health and infant development. Evidence suggests that this relationship is enhanced by a mother's sensitive response towards her infant's distress. We proposed that attentional processing of infant distress may indicate individual differences in this response. Research also suggests that maternal ...
Reissland Nadja - - 2010
The purpose of the present study is to examine the bi-directional nature of maternal depressed mood in the postnatal period on maternal and infant non-verbal behaviors while looking at a picture book. Although, it is acknowledged that non-verbal engagement with picture books in infancy plays an important role, the effect ...
Mogi Kazutaka - - 2011
Mother-infant bonding is universal to all mammalian species. Here, we review how mutual communication between the mother and infant leads to mother-infant bonding in non-primate species. In rodents, mother-infant bond formation is reinforced by various pup stimuli, such as tactile stimuli and ultrasonic vocalizations. Evidence suggests that the oxytocin neural ...
Botbol Michel - - 2010
Developed by Bowlby in 1969, the concept of attachment led to significant breakthroughs in the exploration of subjective and intersubjective developmental processes. Defined as an innate behavioral system that enables an infant to regulate his closeness to his mother, attachment lies at the crossroads of psychoanalytical and cognitive neuroscientific theories. ...
Marshall Peter J - - 2011
There is increasing interest in neurobiological methods for investigating the shared representation of action perception and production in early development. We explored the extent and regional specificity of EEG desynchronization in the infant alpha frequency range (6-9 Hz) during action observation and execution in 14-month-old infants. Desynchronization during execution was ...
Ivorra Jose Luis - - 2010
The aims of this study were to review studies on the molecular genetics of child temperament and prospectively analyze infant temperament as a function of the interaction between infant and mother: 5-HTT, DRD4, and MAO-A functional polymorphisms and the mother's emotional state. A prospective study of 317 newborns and their ...
Tsai Shao-Yu - - 2011
Objective: Entrainment to the day-night cycle is critical for infant sleep and social development. Synchronization of infant circadian systems with the social 24-hr day may require maternal activity signals as an entraining cue. This descriptive and exploratory research examines the activity level and circadian pattern in mothers and infants. Method: ...
Belsky Jay - - 2010
Life-history theories of the early programming of human reproductive strategy stipulate that early rearing experience, including that reflected in infant-parent attachment security, regulates psychological, behavioral, and reproductive development. We tested the hypothesis that infant attachment insecurity, compared with infant attachment security, at the age of 15 months predicts earlier pubertal ...
Kersten-Alvarez Laura E - - 2010
Whereas preventive interventions for depressed mothers and their infants have yielded positive short-term outcomes, few studies have examined their long-term effectiveness. The present follow-up of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) is one of the first to examine the longer-term effects of an intervention for mothers with postpartum depression and their ...
Maselko J - - 2011
Long-standing theory suggests that quality of the mother's (or primary caregiver's) interaction with a child is a key determinant of the child's subsequent resilience or vulnerability and has implications for health in adulthood. However, there is a dearth of longitudinal data with both objective assessments of nurturing behaviour during infancy ...
Ahn Hye Young - - 2010
After births, premature infants need a high level of medical treatments for their survivals in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). This separation deprives mothers of the chance to initiate an attachment process. Kangaroo care (KC) can be one of the ways to reunite mothers and their infants in the ...
Laudenslager Mark L - - 2010
The mother-infant dyad is crucial to early development in a variety of species. The complexity of social groupings in nonhuman primates makes this relationship resilient as well as susceptible to early challenges associated with environmental chaos. Quantitative behavior observations of bonnet monkey mother-infant interactions were collected from 28 mother-infant dyads ...
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