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Results 551 - 600 of 1614
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Gomes Ana Lucia Henriques - - 2004
The purpose of this study is to consider the intervention possibilities within a multidisciplinary medical team during the hospitalization of extremely preterm infants. In this work, the interventions were carried out with the objective of establishing communication among the various parties involved, mother, infant and multidisciplinary team, by approaching and ...
Ahn Young-Mee - - 2004
PURPOSE: A quasi-experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of a home visiting discharge education program on the maternal self-esteem, attachment, postpartum depression and family function in 35 mothers of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infants. METHODS: Twenty-three mothers in the intervention group received the home visiting discharge education ...
Moore Ginger A - - 2004
The authors investigated relations between mother-infant dyadic coordination and infants' physiological responses. Mothers (N=73) and 3-month-old male and female infants were observed in the still-face paradigm, and mothers' and infants' affective states were coded at 1-s intervals. Synchrony and levels of matching between mother-infant affective states were computed, and infants' ...
Bigelow Ann E - - 2004
Year-old infants' play was scored within and outside joint attention with mother and when alone for four levels of maturity: stereotypical, inappropriate relational, appropriate relational, functional. Maternal sensitivity within joint attention was rated on two measures: following infants' interests and scaffolding infants' activities. Infants' play was more advanced with mother ...
Kersting A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: For parents, the premature birth of a child represents a traumatic event for which they are poorly prepared. To date, the focus of scientific interest has been on maternal psychological stress responses, such as anxiety and depression, or on appropriate coping mechanisms, whereas only scant attention has been paid ...
Misri Shaila - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between the mood and anxiety of pregnant, psychiatrically treated women and neonatal health outcomes after birth. METHOD: We prospectively assessed 46 women treated with psychotropic medications for anxiety and depression during pregnancy. We compared measures of maternal mental health with infant outcomes, in particular, the ...
Pruyne David - - 2004
Bud growth in yeast is guided by myosin-driven delivery of secretory vesicles from the mother cell to the bud. We find transport occurs along two sets of actin cables assembled by two formin isoforms. The Bnr1p formin assembles cables that radiate from the bud neck into the mother, providing a ...
Walker Claire-Dominique - - 2004
Optimal early development in most species is dependent upon a stable relationship between the mother and her infant. The research described here focuses on the reciprocal nature of this dyad in rodents and humans, with respect to the regulation of responsiveness to stress in both mother and offspring. Dietary influences ...
Nichols Lee Anne - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to identify the social process of infant care among Cherokee mothers. Nineteen informants, who had an infant less than 2 years of age, were interviewed. The data were analyzed using the technique of constant comparative analysis. A social process of Indian infant care among ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2004
PURPOSE: In spite of the benefits reported for kangaroo holding, many mothers of preterm infants requiring intensive care do not choose to hold kangaroo style. The purpose of this study is to describe factors that influence mothers healthy preterm infants to choose kangaroo holding compared to the standard care method ...
Paterson Janis - - 2004
AIM: To identify the proportion of infants who had not received their first dose of the primary immunisation series at approximately 6 weeks of age, and to identify the maternal and demographic factors associated with non-immunisation. METHOD: The data were gathered as part of the Pacific Islands Families (PIF): First ...
Falk Dean - - 2004
In order to formulate hypotheses about the evolutionary underpinnings that preceded the first glimmerings of language, mother-infant gestural and vocal interactions are compared in chimpanzees and humans and used to model those of early hominins. These data, along with paleoanthropological evidence, suggest that prelinguistic vocal substrates for protolanguage that had ...
Emanuel Irvin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Stature is an important determinant of several reproductive and non-reproductive health problems. Documentation of secular trends in stature has been based primarily on cross-sectional studies of special populations, primarily of men. The objective of this study is to determine how growth and socio-economic status (SES) factors relate to stature ...
Ueno Ari - - 2004
Food sharing among chimpanzees is known to occur particularly between mothers and infants and has been proposed to be a form of parental investment. To explore the function of food sharing, it is essential to know how and what is transferred to an infant from its mother. We investigated details ...
Herrera Eisquel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Postnatal depression affects the emotional state of mothers and the quality of mother-infant interaction. METHOD: Touch behaviour and content of child-directed speech were analysed for 72 mothers and their infants during pleasurable play. Infants (18) of mothers with depressed mood and 18 controls were seen when they were 6 ...
Kennedy T J T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with nonacute presentation to the emergency department (ED) by infants less than 14 days of age. METHODS: A prospective survey was conducted in the pediatric ED of a teaching hospital providing voluntary in-home follow-up for families discharged within 48 hours of delivery. Participants were ...
White-Traut Rosemary - - 2004
Giving birth in dangerous settings, such as natural disasters and war, can have long-lasting consequences on infant growth and development. It is during birth and the neonatal period that mother and baby are particularly vulnerable to environmental stressors. This article explores the neurohormonal aspects of stress and social bonding and ...
Hegar Badriul - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of regurgitation and other symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux in Indonesian infants. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study at the University Outpatient Clinic for vaccination in Jakarta, 138 mothers of healthy infants less than 12-mo old were prospectively asked to report the frequency of regurgitation. RESULTS: Whatever ...
Cloherty Michele - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore mothers' and healthcare professionals' beliefs, expectations and experiences in relation to supplementation of breast feeding in the postnatal ward and newborn-baby unit. DESIGN AND METHOD: A qualitative study using an ethnographic approach which involved participant observation and interviews. Analysis of the observation data informed who would be ...
Milan Stephanie - - 2004
Using attachment theory as a framework, this paper examines how pregnant adolescents' experiences of physical maltreatment during childhood influence the subsequent mother-infant relationship in 203 low-income adolescents followed from the 3rd trimester of pregnancy through the 1st year of parenthood. The relation between physical maltreatment history and early difficulty in ...
Verschuur Margot J - - 2004
The study investigated the association of homesickness with the related concepts of anxiety, depression, and anger. Two conceptualizations of homesickness were used, one considering homesickness as a state, characterized by severe symptoms of a depressive episode, and the other one as a self-reported tendency to experience homesickness in times of ...
Foss Gwendolyn F - - 2004
Studies that investigate infant and/or child development in families of depressed or anxious mothers do not include samples of foreign-born non-English-speaking mothers. This article describes a pilot study investigating infant development, maternal depression, and anxiety in comparison samples of native-born and foreign-born mothers and children from Vietnam, Laos (Hmong), and ...
Purhonen Maija - - 2004
In order to investigate the neurophysiological mechanisms related to the infant's preference of maternal stimuli over other stimuli, auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded in responses to the mother's voice and to a voice of an unfamiliar female in 15 infants at the age of 4 months. Stimuli were presented ...
Ahnert Lieselotte - - 2004
Seventy 15-month-old infants were studied at home before starting child care, during adaptation (mothers present) and separation (first 9 days without mothers) phases, and 5 months later. Security of infant-mother attachment was assessed before and 3 months after child care began. In the separation phase, salivary cortisol rose over the ...
Weaver Ann - - 2004
Previous experience affects how young primates respond to challenging social situations. The present retrospective study looked at one aspect of early experience, the quality of the mother-infant relationship, to determine its relationship to young bonnet and pigtail macaques' responses to two social challenges: temporary maternal separation at 5-6 months and ...
Diamond Michael J - - 2004
This paper offers an understanding of the nature of the internalization processes involved in the shaping of male gender identity founded on the boy's unique struggles in separating from his mother. The underpinning for the initial development of a sense of masculinity is reconsidered as the author questions the widely ...
Ramirez-Cardich Maria E - - 2004
Hematocrit levels were determined in 36 mothers living at high altitudes (3,750 meters) and their infant cord bloods to determine the effect of maternal anemia on the infant. The arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) and respiratory rate of the infants were also followed during the first four months of life. There ...
Azar Rima - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between cortisol levels and conduct disorder (CD) in adolescent mothers. Past research has shown that low levels of cortisol were associated with CD, particularly with its aggressive symptoms. The authors tested the hypothesis that adolescent mothers with CD would show lower levels of salivary cortisol ...
Hermann Emmanuel - - 2004
The conditions and mechanisms of congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi remain largely unknown. In the present study, we compared the parasitic loads and the immune responses of pregnant T. cruzi-infected women who transmitted parasites to their fetus ("M+B+ mothers") with those of such women who did not transmit parasites to ...
Weinfield Nancy S - - 2004
This longitudinal study examines continuity and discontinuity of attachment quality from infancy to late adolescence in a sample of 125 participants considered at birth to be at high-risk due to poverty. Strange Situations were conducted at 12 and 18 months; Adult Attachment Interviews were administered at age 19. Child and ...
Huth-Bocks Alissa C - - 2004
This prospective study examined the effects of maternal characteristics, social support, and risk factors on infant-mother attachment in a heterogeneous sample. Two hundred and six women between the ages of 18 and 40 were interviewed during their last trimester of pregnancy and 1 year postpartum. Structural equation modeling revealed that ...
Stastny Penny F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although advice from healthcare professionals may influence parental infant placement choice to reduce sudden infant death syndrome risk, literature on nursery staff infant placement behaviors and the degree to which they influence maternal infant sleep positioning is limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess newborn placement practices of the mother and nursery ...
Nitschke Jack B - - 2004
Positive affect elicited in a mother toward her newborn infant may be one of the most powerful and evolutionarily preserved forms of positive affect in the emotional landscape of human behavior. This study examined the neurobiology of this form of positive emotion and in so doing, sought to overcome the ...
Drewett Robert - - 2004
AIMS: To examine the relationship between failure to thrive in preterm and term infants and postnatal depression in their mothers. METHOD: In a whole population birth cohort of 12,391 infants (excluding those born after term or with major congenital abnormalities) failure to thrive over the first nine months was identified ...
Gunning M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Infant development is adversely affected in the context of postnatal depression. This relationship may be mediated by both the nature of early mother-infant interactions and the quality of the home environment. AIM: To establish the usefulness of the Global Ratings Scales of Mother-Infant Interaction and the Infant-Toddler version of ...
Räikkönen Katri - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chocolate contains several biologically active components potentially having behavioral and psychological consequences. AIMS: We tested whether chocolate consumption and stress experiences during pregnancy predict mother-rated infant temperament at 6 months. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Prenatal frequency of chocolate consumption and intensity of psychological stress experience of the mothers, and temperament ...
Bauman M D - - 2004
As part of ongoing studies on the neurobiology of socioemotional behavior in the nonhuman primate, we examined the development of mother-infant interactions in 24 macaque monkeys who received either bilateral amygdala or hippocampus ibotenic acid lesions, or a sham surgical procedure at 2 weeks of age. After surgery, the infants ...
Salmon M P - - 2004
The Marcé Clinical Audit is an ongoing data collection exercise that gathers socio-demographic and clinical information about mothers and their infants, admitted jointly to specialist units in UK psychiatric hospitals. The maternal and parenting outcomes, in particular of mothers with schizophrenia and mothers who harm themselves and/or their infants, were ...
Schwartz Scott C - - 2004
The role of women in the Middle Ages was vilification, veneration, and exclusion. Due to the high rates of maternal and infant mortality bonding shifted from the mother-child dyad to one in which the Church, Holy Family, and king acted as pseudo-parents. In art this is suggested by the virtual ...
Bergman Anni - - 2004
Margaret Mahler's thinking, revolutionary for its time, led to the observational study of mother-infant pairs, followed almost day by day as the preverbal infant developed into a toddler whose increasing cognitive capacities made new demands on the mother's presence and emotional availability. The rapprochement crisis, as formulated based on these ...
Copeland Debra Beach - - 2004
Women who perceive maternal competency in early parenthood feel comfortable with infant care. A convenience sample of 58 married, first-time mothers and 22 single, first-time mothers was surveyed at six to eight weeks after childbirth to determine the differences in maternal competence perception between married and single mothers. Findings in ...
Anderson Gene Cranston - - 2004
The importance of the timing, quality, and quantity of early maternal-infant contact has gained prominence over the years. However, no researcher has adequately documented the nature of maternal-infant contact and separation. This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Index of Mother-Infant Separation (IMIS), pronounced "I miss," which is a ...
Davis Leigh - - 2003
Both the immature and disorganized behaviour of the premature infant and the psychosocial or socioeconomic factors which adversely affect a mother's responsiveness to her premature infant can jeopardize the mother-infant relationship. At three months after infant hospital discharge, the interactions of 50 premature infants (< or = 32 weeks) and ...
Howe Edmund G - - 2003
Fetal surgery involves unique ethical issues because the interests of fetus and mother may conflict but, regardless, they are inextricably interconnected. Controversial questions currently include what kinds of surgery should be permitted, who should decide, and whether this surgery should be restricted to specialized centers. Clinical questions include the degree ...
Bor William - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between maternal attitude to the infant at 6 months of age and behavioural outcomes at 5 years is explored, controlling for numerous demographic, child and psychosocial family factors. METHOD: Data was used from the Mater-University Study of Pregnancy, an Australian longitudinal study of over 7000 mothers and ...
Hsu Hui-Chin - - 2003
In this study the authors attempted to unravel the relational, dynamical, and historical nature of mother-infant communication during the first 6 months. Thirteen mothers and their infants were videotaped weekly from 4 to 24 weeks during face-to-face interactions. Three distinct patterns of mother-infant communication were identified: symmetrical, asymmetrical, and unilateral. ...
Nakamichi Masayuki - - 2004
This report describes the responses of an experienced gorilla mother to inappropriate maternal behavior displayed by her young adult daughter toward a newborn baby and repeated acts of baby-transfer between these two females in a captive social group of lowland gorillas ( Gorilla g. gorilla). The quality of infant care ...
Farrow Alexandra - - 2003
The authors sought to determine whether reported symptoms of mothers and infants were associated significantly with the use of household products that raised indoor levels of total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs). Data collected from 170 homes within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC: a large birth cohort ...
Clark Roseanne - - 2003
A postpartum depression treatment efficacy study showed both a mother-infant psychotherapy group and interpersonal psychotherapy to be superior to a waiting-list comparison group in reducing maternal depressive symptoms, improving mothers' perceptions of their infants' adaptability and reinforcement value, and increasing mothers' positive affect and verbalization with their infants. Clinical implications ...
Hirata Satoshi - - 2003
This article explores the maternal role in the acquisition of tool-use behaviours by infant chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes). A honey-fishing task, simulating ant/termite fishing found in the wild, was introduced to three dyads of experienced mother and naïve infant chimpanzees. Four fishing sites and eight sets of 20 objects to ...
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