Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1614
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Kirchherr Jennifer L - - 2005
Streptococcus mitis bv. 1 is a pioneer colonizer of the human oral cavity. Studies of its population dynamics within parents and their infants and within neonates have shown extensive diversity within and between subjects. We examined the genetic diversity and clonal turnover of S. mitis bv. 1 isolated from the ...
Grienenberger John F - - 2005
This study examines the link between mental representations and maternal behavior within the intergenerational transmission of attachment. Maternal reflective functioning was hypothesized to predict the quality of mother-infant affective communication based on the AMBIANCE measure. Each of these measures was also considered as a predictor of the quality of infant ...
Ortenstrand Annica - - 2005
AIM: To investigate women's experiences of child health clinic (CHC) care and risk factors for being dissatisfied. Experiences of specific aspects of care were further explored in subgroups of women who were not generally satisfied. METHODS: All Swedish-speaking women admitted to any of the approximately 600 antenatal clinics in Sweden ...
Roopnarine Jaipaul L - - 2005
African American mothers' and fathers' availability, caregiving, and social behaviors toward their infants in and around their homes were examined. Twenty lower, 21 middle, and 21 upper socioeconomic families and their 3- to 4-month-old infants were observed for 4 3-hr blocks between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. on 4 different ...
Dubnov G - - 2005
Fluoxetine is an antidepressant drug, only recently discovered to be a QT interval prolonging agent. The first case is presented of an infant of a mother treated with fluoxetine during pregnancy who had a transiently prolonged QTc interval, concluded to be drug induced. Clinical and electrocardiographic monitoring of newborns of ...
Tomlinson Mark - - 2005
A sample of 147 mother-infant dyads was recruited from a peri-urban settlement outside Cape Town and seen at 2- and 18-months postpartum. At 18 months, 61.9% of the infants were rated as securely attached (B); 4.1% as avoidant (A); 8.2% as resistant (C); and 25.8% disorganized (D). Postpartum depression at ...
Martínez-Frías María Luisa - - 2005
A second family with the condition first described by Frías et al. in 1975 is presented. Those authors examined a mother and her son affected with short stature, facial anomalies (epicanthic folds, downward palpebral fissures, hyperthelorism, and eyelid ptosis), cup-shaped and posteriorly rotated ears, hand and foot defects, and delayed ...
Fukami Maki - - 2005
It is known that SHOX nullizygosity results in Langer mesomelic dysplasia (LMD) and SHOX haploinsufficiency leads to Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWDC). Here, we report on a microdeletion in the SHOX 3' region identified in a Japanese infant with LMD-compatible skeletal features and a 45,X[191]/46,X,r(X)(p22.3q24)[9] karyotype and in her mother with LWDC-compatible ...
Stern Marilyn - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally assess stability and correlates of prematurity stereotyping and perceptions of infant vulnerability in mothers of premature (N = 56) and full-term (N = 59) infants. METHOD: At 5, 9, and 12 months, mothers rated videotapes of unfamiliar infants with a full-term label (FTL) or a preterm label ...
Zayas Vivian - - 2005
Three studies tested the expectation that automatic reactions elicited by the mental representation of one's current romantic partner, mother, and self relate to adult romantic attachment. Adult romantic attachment was assessed using multiple measures, and individual differences in automatic reactions were assessed by the Implicit Association Test (IAT). Studies 1 ...
Hernández-Lloreda María Victoria - - 2005
This study uses hierarchical linear regression modeling to analyze sources of variation in the developmental pathways of mother-infant relationships and to search for behavioral discontinuities. The data come from 23 mother-infant dyads of baboons (Papio hamadryas), whose interactions were recorded longitudinally during the infants' 1st year of life. The infant's ...
Teti Douglas M - - 2005
The present longitudinal study of African-American mothers of preterm infants tested the hypothesis that the quality of maternal adaptation to parenthood before infant discharge from the hospital is predictive of maternal perceptions of infant vulnerability later in the infant's first year. As hypothesized, perceptions of infant vulnerability at 3 to ...
Lai Hui-Ling - - 2006
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the influences of music during kangaroo care (KC) on maternal anxiety and preterm infants' responses. There are no experimental studies that explore the influences of combination of music and KC on psychophysiological responses in mother-infant dyads. Purposive sampling was used ...
Keenan Heather T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To understand mothers' and counselors' perceptions of their roles in decision-making about resuscitation of extremely premature infants at delivery and to assess mothers' and counselors' satisfaction with the counseling and decision-making process. METHODS: Mothers who delivered an infant between 22 and 27 completed weeks of gestation and their self-identified ...
Coplan Jeremy D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The study of environment-gene interactions during neurodevelopment may facilitate our understanding of the origins of psychiatric disorders. Environmental contribution to the neurobiology of psychopathology is perhaps most relevant during infancy, where vulnerability to early-life stressors is particularly evident. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we wished to examine if central ...
Bhargava R - - 2005
Spondyloenchondrodysplasia comprises generalized enchondromatosis with platyspondyly and is thought to be inherited as an autosomal recessive condition. A mother and son are reported with typical features of spondyloenchondrodysplasia. Their similar radiographic and MRI findings are presented. The radiologic appearance of the spine changed over time, illustrating the evolving phenotype of ...
Pridham Karen - - 2005
The effect of guided participation (GP) on premature infant and maternal feeding competencies was examined, controlling for infant, maternal, and family conditions. Competencies were examined longitudinally and within age (1, 4, 8, and 12 months post-term age) for 42 mother-infant pairs randomly assigned to either GP or Standard Care (SC) ...
Kennell John - - 2005
Establishing a bond between a mother and her newborn is essential for the infant to grow and thrive in the mother's care. Hospital staff can promote the creation of this bond by providing continuous support during labor, by placing the newborn skin-to-skin on the mothers chest immediately after delivery until ...
Jurewicz Joanna - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Work in greenhouses is performed in warm microclimate during the most time of the year, involves usually moderately intense or heavy work. The working conditions in greenhouses might involve also indirect exposure to pesticides resulting from contact with pesticide-treated flowers and vegetables. The aim of the study was to ...
Robson Krista - - 2005
This article is an examination of the media coverage of the inquest into the 1997 starvation death of an infant in a homeless women's shelter in Toronto. It explores the usefulness of using the discourse of mothering, intersected with the individualization of responsibility, to understand why one interpretation of this ...
Almedom Astier M - - 2005
This pilot study explores possible physiological correlates of maternal sense of coherence (SOC) by looking at salivary cortisol levels in Eritrean mothers during the immediate pre- and postnatal period. Samples of pre- and postnatal resting whole saliva were obtained from 19 mothers and from 31 controls in Ghinda. Radioimmunoassay results ...
van Noordwijk Maria A - - 2005
Data on orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii) living in a Sumatran swamp forest yield an estimated median interbirth interval of at least 8 years, concurring with findings from other sites. This longest known mammalian interbirth interval appears due to maternal amenorrhea during the long exclusive dependence of the offspring. We describe ...
Purhonen Maija - - 2005
Four-month-old infants heard their own mother's voice and a voice of an unfamiliar female as "oddballs" in a stream of acoustic information. The neuronal processing from 50 to 500 ms (as evaluated with event-related brain potentials, ERPs) was expected to be obligatory and from 500 to 900 ms to include ...
Schino Gabriele - - 2005
This study analyzed long-term demographic data relative to a captive colony of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) in order to evaluate factors predicting increased probability of infant neonatal abandonment. Overall, 7.7% of liveborn infants were abandoned at birth. Probability of abandonment was significantly increased in primiparous and, to a lesser extent, ...
Perez Eva M - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in young South African mothers alters mother-infant interactions and the infant's development. The study was a prospective, randomized, controlled intervention trial with 3 groups of mothers: nonanemic controls and anemic mothers administered either placebo (25 mg ascorbic ...
Hien Nguyen Thanh - - 2005
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between prenatal care visits and infant birthweight among ethnic minority mothers in the mountainous Bac Kan province. This was done by comparing the frequency and timing of first prenatal care visit of 32 mothers with low birthweight (LBW) infants ...
McLafferty Sara - - 2005
We compared levels of geographic access to prenatal clinics in Brooklyn, NY, between immigrant and US-born mothers and among immigrant groups by country of birth. We used birth data to characterize the spatial distribution of mothers and kernel estimation to measure clinic density within a 2-mile radius of each mother. ...
Huston Aletha C - - 2005
This study tested predictions from economic and developmental theories that maternal time with an infant is important for mother-child relationships and children's development, using time-use diaries for mothers of 7- to 8-month-old infants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care (N = ...
Pavard Samuel - - 2005
The aim of this paper is to account for the effect of mother's death on child survival in a historical population. Using comprehensive data on the early French Canadian population of Quebec, evidence is provided for a higher risk of dying for motherless children that remains significant over all childhood ...
Moore Patricia D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether US-born infants of mothers of Mexican descent who were enrolled in Arizona's Newborn Intensive Care Program (NICP) received follow-up services (developmental clinic and community health nurse [(CHN)] home visits) at the rates similar to White non-Hispanic (WNH) infants. Socio-economic and health status characteristics were controlled using ...
Juffer Femmie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As infant disorganized attachment is a serious risk factor for later child psychopathology, it is important to examine whether attachment disorganization can be prevented or reduced. METHOD: In a randomized intervention study involving 130 families with 6-month-old adopted infants, two attachment-based intervention programs were tested. In the first program, ...
Wang Shing-Yaw - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the influence of postpartum depression on later life among mothers in Taiwan. The present follow-up study aims to explore the effects of postpartum depression on the psychosocial health of mothers and on the overall development of their infants. METHODS: Follow-up evaluations were carried out on ...
Rayyan M - - 2005
This is a case report of a neonatal cholinesterase inhibitor poisoning after non-accidental ingestion of a carbamate containing pesticide by the mother prior to delivery. The mother presented with symptoms of cholinesterase inhibitor poisoning at 40 weeks of gestation. A fetal bradycardia was present. The mother improved after administration of ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2005
This prospective study examined how characteristics of infants (i.e., birth weight and perinatal illness severity), mothers (i.e., anxiety and level of education), and the social context (i.e., maternal received and perceived helpfulness of support) related to mother-very low birth weight (VLBW) infant interaction in 72 dyads. Infant, mother, and contextual ...
Boyer Kenneth M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether demographic characteristics, history of exposure to recognized transmission vehicles, or illness that was compatible with acute toxoplasmosis during gestation identified most mothers of infants with congenital toxoplasmosis. STUDY DESIGN: Mothers of 131 infants and children who were referred to a ...
Shizawa Y - - 2005
Calls emitted by infants when the infant loses sight of its parents are useful to estimate the infant's requirement for parental care. When an Old World monkey infant loses sight of its mother it emits whistles. Therefore, it would be interesting to determine whether mothers could distinguish their own infant's ...
Ueno Ari - - 2005
We investigated infant response toward novel food in captive chimpanzees under the condition in which they can explore such items freely together with their mother. Infants first approached novel foods rather than familiar ones when presented simultaneously. However, they did not ingest novel food immediately, but always sniff-licked it first. ...
Carletto Körber Fabiana P M - - 2005
Existing evidence reveals that in Early Oral Infection the main route of transmission of Streptococcus mutans is mother-child saliva contacts and that initial acquisition takes place during a specific period of time denominated "Window of Infectivity" that lapses between 6 and 30 months of the child's life, with a higher ...
Pearlman Sarah F - - 2005
This manuscript is based on in-depth interviews of 3 groups of mothers who learned that their daughters were lesbian. The first group consisted of 10 mothers interviewed in 1990. A second group of 16 mothers were interviewed in 2000-2001. The third group, also interviewed in 2000-2001, consisted of 14 mothers ...
Slade Arietta - - 2005
Minding the Baby, an interdisciplinary, relationship based home visiting program, was initiated to help young, at-risk new mothers keep their babies (and themselves) "in mind" in a variety of ways. The intervention--delivered by a team that includes a nurse practitioner and clinical social worker--uses a mentalization based approach; that is, ...
Tarabulsy George M - - 2005
Ecological contributions to attachment transmission were studied in a sample of 64 adolescent mother-infant dyads. Maternal sensitivity was assessed when infants were 6 and 10 months old, and infant security was assessed at 15 and 18 months. Maternal attachment state of mind was measured with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) ...
Atkinson Leslie - - 2005
Attachment theorists assume that maternal mental representations influence responsivity, which influences infant attachment security. However, primary studies do not support this mediation model. The authors tested mediation using 2 mother-infant samples and found no evidence of mediation. Therefore, the authors explored sensitivity as a moderator, studying the (a) interaction of ...
Faugli Anne - - 2005
Fifteen one-year old infants with oesophageal atresia and their parents were used to demonstrate how the Parent-Child Early Relational Assessment (PCERA) can be used to explore the mother-child interaction in a clinical sample of children. The infants and their mothers were videotaped for 5-min episodes during feeding and free play, ...
Hunt J G - - 2005
Radionuclides deposited internally in the mother will give rise to a radiation dose in the infant in two ways. The radionuclides may be transferred through milk and give rise to an internal dose in the infant, or the radionuclides may emit photons that are absorbed by the infant, giving rise ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2005
A brief mother-infant treatment approach using "video feedback" is described. This approach is informed both by psychoanalysis and by research on mother-infant face-to-face interaction using video microanalysis. Two cases are presented. In the first, descriptions of the videotaped interactions which informed the interventions are presented. In the second, knowledge of ...
Savonlahti Elina - - 2005
In this pilot study, the interactive skills of infants with their high-risk, substance-dependent mothers were explored in residential treatment from pregnancy until the infant was 6 months of age. Fourteen mother-infant pairs were videotaped in feeding and free play situations at 6 months after birth. A comparison, low-risk group consisted ...
Arons Judith - - 2005
This paper offers fragments from the first year of a home-based mother-baby psychotherapy, in which I attempted to help a traumatized and dissociated mother to emotionally engage with her infant son. The treatment was organized in part around certain developmental objectives common to both attachment and psychoanalytic theory. These include: ...
Lee Seung-yeon - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship of mothers' dietary quality to that of their infants and toddlers in limited-income families at risk for poor health. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary data analysis was conducted of dietary quality from 24-hour dietary recalls collected from 113 mother-infant/toddler pairs in limited-income families with a ...
Hobson R Peter - - 2005
The principal aim of this study was to assess personal relatedness and attachment patterns in 12-month-old infants of mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We also evaluated maternal intrusive insensitivity toward the infants in semistructured play. We videotaped 10 mother-infant dyads with borderline mothers and 22 dyads where the mothers ...
Savilahti E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Studies on the pregnancy outcome of asthmatic mothers have suggested an increased rate of preterm deliveries. In contrast, our earlier study suggests that mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW) (<1500 g) infants less frequently had atopy than did mothers of full-term infants. METHODS: We inquired about symptoms of ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >