Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1629
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Vik Kari - - 2006
In the period January-August 2003, a pilot study took place connected to a research project where video interaction guidance with postnatal depressed mothers was a central part. We wanted to gain some experiences with video interaction guidance with focus on the baby. The data were collected through interviews and video ...
Lee Tzu-Ying - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine mothers' perceptions of support from fathers over the 1st year after birth of a medically fragile infant. DESIGN: A descriptive, correlation design based on an ecologic systems view of the family. It was hypothesized that the levels of paternal support would be influenced by factors within the ...
Savage Jane Staton - - 2006
Research on knowing in childbirth has largely been a quantitative process. The purpose of this study was to understand the ways first-time mothers learn about birth. A phenomenological approach, using a feminist view, was used to analyze two in-depth interviews and journals to understand nine first-time expectant mothers' experiences of ...
Nyström Kerstin - - 2006
Five mothers with normal pregnancies and healthy children met regularly during the infants' first year through an e-meeting portal. The technology made it possible to meet using realtime videoconferencing through the Web, both one to one and in groups. An experienced child-health nurse was the leader of the group. The ...
Pine Fred - - 2006
Identification is examined in terms of inferred processes through which it comes about. Three such processes are described, inferred from the intimate mother-infant relationship. They are referred to as (1) the overlay of the mother's organizing characteristics, (2) magnification processes also emanating from the mother (though stimulated by the child), ...
Harwood Irene - - 2006
In this paper new knowledge generated from theoretical and empirical work in infant observation studies and attachment, trauma, and neurobiology research is integrated and applied to the development of a group for pregnant and new mothers. The purposes of this group were to (1) promote the establishment of a secure ...
Fairley L L MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK. - - 2006
To examine social class inequalities in adverse perinatal events in Scotland between 1980 and 2000 and how these were influenced by other maternal risk factors. Population based study using routine maternity discharge data. Scotland. All women who gave birth to a live singleton baby in Scottish hospitals between 1980 and ...
Danerek Margaretha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ethical issues arise in many obstetric situations and demand constant consideration by obstetricians. The aim of this study was to highlight the meaning of being in an ethically difficult situation as narrated by obstetricians. METHODS: A descriptive design with a qualitative approach using a hermeneutic phenomenological method for analysis. ...
Britton John R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and correlates of maternal postpartum anxiety. METHODS: 422 of 973 invited mothers (43%) were screened for anxiety before hospital discharge with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Recent medical and social life events, stress, resiliency (mastery, social support, and marital satisfaction), length of stay, discharge readiness, ...
de Rosnay Marc M Winnicott Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Whiteknights Road, Reading RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2006
In this experiment we investigated the impact of indirect expressions of maternal social anxiety on infant interactions with a stranger. A social referencing paradigm was used in which infants first observed their mothers interacting with a stranger and then interacted with the stranger themselves. Mothers made no direct communicative gestures ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2006
Three-month-old infants of depressed (n=16) and non-depressed mothers (n=16) were habituated to video clips of a female model reciting phrases while posing happy or sad facial/vocal expressions and dishabituated to the alternate expressions. Overall, infants of depressed mothers took longer to habituate the video clips compared to infants of non-depressed ...
Francis Lori A - - 2005
This study examined whether mothers' preoccupation with their own weight and eating was linked to daughters' restrained eating behavior. Participants included 173 non-Hispanic, White mother-daughter dyads, measured longitudinally when daughters were ages 5, 7, 9, and 11. Mothers who were preoccupied with their own weight and eating reported higher levels ...
Watt Susan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the practice implications of a policy initiative, namely, offering women in Ontario Canada up to a 60-hour postpartum in-hospital stay following an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. This change was initiated out of concern for the effects of 'early' discharge on the health of mothers and their infants. ...
Hill Pamela D - - 2005
The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to compare psychological distress as measured via self-reported perceived stress, sleep, and fatigue levels in lactating mothers of a term infant and mothers of a preterm infant and(b) to determine whether the addition of psychological distress to a previous model predicts milk ...
Lorber Michael F - - 2005
The present investigation was designed to evaluate whether mothers' emotion experience, autonomic reactivity, and negatively biased appraisals of their toddlers' behavior and toddlers' rates of misbehavior predicted over-reactive discipline in a mediated fashion. Ninety-three community mother-toddler dyads were observed in a laboratory interaction, after which mothers' emotion experience and appraisals ...
Kirchherr Jennifer L - - 2005
Streptococcus mitis bv. 1 is a pioneer colonizer of the human oral cavity. Studies of its population dynamics within parents and their infants and within neonates have shown extensive diversity within and between subjects. We examined the genetic diversity and clonal turnover of S. mitis bv. 1 isolated from the ...
Grienenberger John F - - 2005
This study examines the link between mental representations and maternal behavior within the intergenerational transmission of attachment. Maternal reflective functioning was hypothesized to predict the quality of mother-infant affective communication based on the AMBIANCE measure. Each of these measures was also considered as a predictor of the quality of infant ...
Ortenstrand Annica - - 2005
AIM: To investigate women's experiences of child health clinic (CHC) care and risk factors for being dissatisfied. Experiences of specific aspects of care were further explored in subgroups of women who were not generally satisfied. METHODS: All Swedish-speaking women admitted to any of the approximately 600 antenatal clinics in Sweden ...
Roopnarine Jaipaul L - - 2005
African American mothers' and fathers' availability, caregiving, and social behaviors toward their infants in and around their homes were examined. Twenty lower, 21 middle, and 21 upper socioeconomic families and their 3- to 4-month-old infants were observed for 4 3-hr blocks between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. on 4 different ...
Dubnov G - - 2005
Fluoxetine is an antidepressant drug, only recently discovered to be a QT interval prolonging agent. The first case is presented of an infant of a mother treated with fluoxetine during pregnancy who had a transiently prolonged QTc interval, concluded to be drug induced. Clinical and electrocardiographic monitoring of newborns of ...
Tomlinson Mark - - 2005
A sample of 147 mother-infant dyads was recruited from a peri-urban settlement outside Cape Town and seen at 2- and 18-months postpartum. At 18 months, 61.9% of the infants were rated as securely attached (B); 4.1% as avoidant (A); 8.2% as resistant (C); and 25.8% disorganized (D). Postpartum depression at ...
Martínez-Frías María Luisa - - 2005
A second family with the condition first described by Frías et al. in 1975 is presented. Those authors examined a mother and her son affected with short stature, facial anomalies (epicanthic folds, downward palpebral fissures, hyperthelorism, and eyelid ptosis), cup-shaped and posteriorly rotated ears, hand and foot defects, and delayed ...
Fukami Maki - - 2005
It is known that SHOX nullizygosity results in Langer mesomelic dysplasia (LMD) and SHOX haploinsufficiency leads to Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWDC). Here, we report on a microdeletion in the SHOX 3' region identified in a Japanese infant with LMD-compatible skeletal features and a 45,X[191]/46,X,r(X)(p22.3q24)[9] karyotype and in her mother with LWDC-compatible ...
Stern Marilyn - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally assess stability and correlates of prematurity stereotyping and perceptions of infant vulnerability in mothers of premature (N = 56) and full-term (N = 59) infants. METHOD: At 5, 9, and 12 months, mothers rated videotapes of unfamiliar infants with a full-term label (FTL) or a preterm label ...
Zayas Vivian - - 2005
Three studies tested the expectation that automatic reactions elicited by the mental representation of one's current romantic partner, mother, and self relate to adult romantic attachment. Adult romantic attachment was assessed using multiple measures, and individual differences in automatic reactions were assessed by the Implicit Association Test (IAT). Studies 1 ...
Hernández-Lloreda María Victoria - - 2005
This study uses hierarchical linear regression modeling to analyze sources of variation in the developmental pathways of mother-infant relationships and to search for behavioral discontinuities. The data come from 23 mother-infant dyads of baboons (Papio hamadryas), whose interactions were recorded longitudinally during the infants' 1st year of life. The infant's ...
Teti Douglas M - - 2005
The present longitudinal study of African-American mothers of preterm infants tested the hypothesis that the quality of maternal adaptation to parenthood before infant discharge from the hospital is predictive of maternal perceptions of infant vulnerability later in the infant's first year. As hypothesized, perceptions of infant vulnerability at 3 to ...
Lai Hui-Ling - - 2006
The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the influences of music during kangaroo care (KC) on maternal anxiety and preterm infants' responses. There are no experimental studies that explore the influences of combination of music and KC on psychophysiological responses in mother-infant dyads. Purposive sampling was used ...
Keenan Heather T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To understand mothers' and counselors' perceptions of their roles in decision-making about resuscitation of extremely premature infants at delivery and to assess mothers' and counselors' satisfaction with the counseling and decision-making process. METHODS: Mothers who delivered an infant between 22 and 27 completed weeks of gestation and their self-identified ...
Coplan Jeremy D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The study of environment-gene interactions during neurodevelopment may facilitate our understanding of the origins of psychiatric disorders. Environmental contribution to the neurobiology of psychopathology is perhaps most relevant during infancy, where vulnerability to early-life stressors is particularly evident. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we wished to examine if central ...
Bhargava R - - 2005
Spondyloenchondrodysplasia comprises generalized enchondromatosis with platyspondyly and is thought to be inherited as an autosomal recessive condition. A mother and son are reported with typical features of spondyloenchondrodysplasia. Their similar radiographic and MRI findings are presented. The radiologic appearance of the spine changed over time, illustrating the evolving phenotype of ...
Pridham Karen - - 2005
The effect of guided participation (GP) on premature infant and maternal feeding competencies was examined, controlling for infant, maternal, and family conditions. Competencies were examined longitudinally and within age (1, 4, 8, and 12 months post-term age) for 42 mother-infant pairs randomly assigned to either GP or Standard Care (SC) ...
Kennell John - - 2005
Establishing a bond between a mother and her newborn is essential for the infant to grow and thrive in the mother's care. Hospital staff can promote the creation of this bond by providing continuous support during labor, by placing the newborn skin-to-skin on the mothers chest immediately after delivery until ...
Jurewicz Joanna - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Work in greenhouses is performed in warm microclimate during the most time of the year, involves usually moderately intense or heavy work. The working conditions in greenhouses might involve also indirect exposure to pesticides resulting from contact with pesticide-treated flowers and vegetables. The aim of the study was to ...
Robson Krista - - 2005
This article is an examination of the media coverage of the inquest into the 1997 starvation death of an infant in a homeless women's shelter in Toronto. It explores the usefulness of using the discourse of mothering, intersected with the individualization of responsibility, to understand why one interpretation of this ...
Almedom Astier M - - 2005
This pilot study explores possible physiological correlates of maternal sense of coherence (SOC) by looking at salivary cortisol levels in Eritrean mothers during the immediate pre- and postnatal period. Samples of pre- and postnatal resting whole saliva were obtained from 19 mothers and from 31 controls in Ghinda. Radioimmunoassay results ...
van Noordwijk Maria A - - 2005
Data on orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii) living in a Sumatran swamp forest yield an estimated median interbirth interval of at least 8 years, concurring with findings from other sites. This longest known mammalian interbirth interval appears due to maternal amenorrhea during the long exclusive dependence of the offspring. We describe ...
Purhonen Maija - - 2005
Four-month-old infants heard their own mother's voice and a voice of an unfamiliar female as "oddballs" in a stream of acoustic information. The neuronal processing from 50 to 500 ms (as evaluated with event-related brain potentials, ERPs) was expected to be obligatory and from 500 to 900 ms to include ...
Schino Gabriele - - 2005
This study analyzed long-term demographic data relative to a captive colony of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) in order to evaluate factors predicting increased probability of infant neonatal abandonment. Overall, 7.7% of liveborn infants were abandoned at birth. Probability of abandonment was significantly increased in primiparous and, to a lesser extent, ...
Perez Eva M - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in young South African mothers alters mother-infant interactions and the infant's development. The study was a prospective, randomized, controlled intervention trial with 3 groups of mothers: nonanemic controls and anemic mothers administered either placebo (25 mg ascorbic ...
Hien Nguyen Thanh - - 2005
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between prenatal care visits and infant birthweight among ethnic minority mothers in the mountainous Bac Kan province. This was done by comparing the frequency and timing of first prenatal care visit of 32 mothers with low birthweight (LBW) infants ...
McLafferty Sara - - 2005
We compared levels of geographic access to prenatal clinics in Brooklyn, NY, between immigrant and US-born mothers and among immigrant groups by country of birth. We used birth data to characterize the spatial distribution of mothers and kernel estimation to measure clinic density within a 2-mile radius of each mother. ...
Huston Aletha C - - 2005
This study tested predictions from economic and developmental theories that maternal time with an infant is important for mother-child relationships and children's development, using time-use diaries for mothers of 7- to 8-month-old infants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care (N = ...
Pavard Samuel - - 2005
The aim of this paper is to account for the effect of mother's death on child survival in a historical population. Using comprehensive data on the early French Canadian population of Quebec, evidence is provided for a higher risk of dying for motherless children that remains significant over all childhood ...
Moore Patricia D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether US-born infants of mothers of Mexican descent who were enrolled in Arizona's Newborn Intensive Care Program (NICP) received follow-up services (developmental clinic and community health nurse [(CHN)] home visits) at the rates similar to White non-Hispanic (WNH) infants. Socio-economic and health status characteristics were controlled using ...
Juffer Femmie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As infant disorganized attachment is a serious risk factor for later child psychopathology, it is important to examine whether attachment disorganization can be prevented or reduced. METHOD: In a randomized intervention study involving 130 families with 6-month-old adopted infants, two attachment-based intervention programs were tested. In the first program, ...
Wang Shing-Yaw - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the influence of postpartum depression on later life among mothers in Taiwan. The present follow-up study aims to explore the effects of postpartum depression on the psychosocial health of mothers and on the overall development of their infants. METHODS: Follow-up evaluations were carried out on ...
Rayyan M - - 2005
This is a case report of a neonatal cholinesterase inhibitor poisoning after non-accidental ingestion of a carbamate containing pesticide by the mother prior to delivery. The mother presented with symptoms of cholinesterase inhibitor poisoning at 40 weeks of gestation. A fetal bradycardia was present. The mother improved after administration of ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2005
This prospective study examined how characteristics of infants (i.e., birth weight and perinatal illness severity), mothers (i.e., anxiety and level of education), and the social context (i.e., maternal received and perceived helpfulness of support) related to mother-very low birth weight (VLBW) infant interaction in 72 dyads. Infant, mother, and contextual ...
Boyer Kenneth M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether demographic characteristics, history of exposure to recognized transmission vehicles, or illness that was compatible with acute toxoplasmosis during gestation identified most mothers of infants with congenital toxoplasmosis. STUDY DESIGN: Mothers of 131 infants and children who were referred to a ...
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