Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1614
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Liu Kai-Lih - - 2006
This study is to compare infant mortality rates (IMRs) between US- and foreign-born mothers in New York City. The linked live birth-infant death records from 1995 to 1998 were analyzed. Overall US-born mothers had a higher IMR than foreign-born mothers, though there were great variations in IMRs by country of ...
McMahon Catherine A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Empirical studies have revealed a significant, but modest association between maternal depression and insecure mother-child attachment. Across studies, however, a substantial number of mothers with depression are able to provide a sensitive caretaking environment for their children. This paper aimed to explore whether a mother's own state of mind ...
Chen Chih-Jung - - 2006
A premature newborn born to a mother with candidal vaginitis developed congenital invasive candidiasis. The isolates of Candida albicans from the bloodstream and the oral cavity of the neonate and the vagina of the mother shared a common genotype, which provide direct evidence of the association of congenital candidiasis with ...
Coplan Jeremy D - - 2006
The maternal stress response may vary as a function of infant developmental phase. Using a median split, 13 bonnet macaque (M. radiata) mother-infant dyads were exposed to early initiation of variable foraging demand (VFD), a prolonged stressor, whereas 11 dyads were exposed to late VFD onset. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and ...
Forcada-Guex Margarita - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: With the increased survival of very preterm infants, there is a growing concern for their developmental and socioemotional outcomes. The quality of the early mother-infant relationship has been noted as 1 of the factors that may exacerbate or soften the potentially adverse impact of preterm birth, particularly concerning the ...
Weinberg M Katherine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to evaluate the interactions of mothers with normative or high levels of depressive symptomatology on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and their 3-month-old infants. Although successful mutual regulation of affect is critical to children's socio-emotional development, little is known about the ...
Onyiriuka, AN; ;
<B>Background/Objective</B>: To examine the influence of maternal hypertension on rate of delivery of small-for-gestation age (SGA) infants, incidence of neonatal polycythaemia and mean ponderal indices of the resultant newborn infants. Methods</B>:From the birth weights and lengths, the ponderal indices of SGA infants born to mothers with chronic hypertension were compared ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2006
Neonates born to depressed (n=44) versus non-depressed (n=43) mothers were compared on individual items of the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS). The neonates of depressed mothers received lower scores on orienting to the live face/voice stimulus and on the alertness items, suggesting they were less attentive. They also scored ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Genetic differences in the activity of phosphotyrosine phosphatases between mother and embryo could result in a differential activation of signals induced by growth factors in the two sides of placenta. Previous observations suggest that this may have important effects on intrauterine development and survival. The aim of the present ...
Argüelles Sandro - - 2006
The objective of the work was to study the relationship between the oxidative state of the mother and the newborn at the moment of birth. We measured oxidative stress markers (carbonyl groups, lipid peroxides and total antioxidant capacity (TAC)) and found a good correlation between the oxidative state of the ...
Klerman Lorraine V - - 2006
It is commonly believed that pregnancy outcomes for multiparous teenage mothers are worse than those for teenage women experiencing a first birth. This article, based on a review of the literature, finds that when teenage mothers having a second birth are compared with those having a first birth, the second ...
Hughes P - - 2006
The unresolved (U) state of mind in parents has been validated by its association with infant attachment disorganization (D), yet all studies show a transmission gap, and a proportion of individuals classified as U have infants who are not D. This paper reports on 31 mothers who showed the characteristic ...
Velderman Mariska Klein - - 2006
The current intervention study aimed at breaking the potential intergenerational cycle of insecure attachment. The authors randomly assigned 81 first-time mothers to one of two intervention groups or a control group. The interventions involved four home visits when the infants were between 7 and 10 months old. The first intervention, ...
McElwain Nancy L - - 2006
In considering Bowlby's (1969/1982) conceptualization of attachment as a "biobehavioral safety-regulating system," Goldberg, Grusec, & Jenkins (1999) proposed that maternal sensitivity to infant distress may be particularly relevant to the formation of a secure attachment relationship. Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care provided a unique opportunity to ...
Brockington I F - - 2006
We assessed the frequency of severe disorders of the mother-infant relationship in over 200 mothers referred to services in Birmingham and Christchurch, all of whom were interviewed using the Birmingham Interview for Maternal Mental Health. 10.6% had established rejection and 14.6% threatened rejection of their infants. 28.6% had various degrees ...
Hibel Leah C - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to describe associations between the use of common over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications with individual differences in salivary cortisol in infants and their mothers. Participants were 1020 mothers and 852 infants (52.5% boys; ages 5.03-13.44 months) from economically disadvantaged and ethnically diverse families ...
van Adrichem Gijsbertus G J - - 2006
Orangutans have the longest immature period and inter-birth interval of all ape species. This may be explained by a slow life history, the need to develop skills or by their relatively solitary lifestyle, which prevents a mother from associating with two offspring. This study of wild immature orangutans at the ...
Maputle M S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was firstly to explore and describe the experiences of teenage mothers of first pregnancy. Secondly, to develop guidelines of a support programme that is contextual and relevant to the needs of teenage mothers. The guidelines are aimed at assisting midwives in meeting the needs of ...
Madlon-Kay Diane J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the percentage of babies born at a community hospital who received follow-up visits at home or clinic by 2 weeks of age. Also to describe the characteristics of the mothers whose newborns received visits within 2 weeks of birth. METHODS: A convenience sample of 335 mothers giving ...
Holmes Bjarne M - - 2006
Cost-efficient prenatal assessments are needed that have the potential to identify those at risk for parent/infant relational problems. With this goal in mind, an additional attachment style description was added to the Relationship Questionnaire (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991), an established self-report attachment measure, to create the Relationship Questionnaire: Clinical Version ...
Pridham Karen A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Explore the feasibility, usefulness, and outcomes of a pilot program to support mothers in developing competencies for managing health problems of their very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants in partnership with the primary care clinician (PCC). DESIGN: In a randomized study, mothers who received guided participation (GP) and printed guidelines ...
Stein Alan A Section of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JXl, UK. - - 2006
Maternal eating disorders interfere with parenting, adversely affecting mother-infant interaction and infant outcome. This trial tested whether video-feedback treatment specifically targeting mother-child interaction would be superior to counseling in improving mother-child interaction, especially mealtime conflict, and infant weight and autonomy. The participants were 80 mothers with bulimia nervosa or similar ...
Ralls, Katherine
We recorded four measures of mother-young association and the percentage of time the young spent lying during the first week after birth for 59 mother-young pairs belonging to 22 species and seven families of ungulates. The measures of mother-young association were positively correlated with each other and negatively correlated with ...
Ueda Motoko - - 2006
This pilot study aimed to elucidate whether or not mothers who receive neonatal home visits tend to suffer from depressive disorders during the first postpartum year and to examine what kinds of factors were related to the postnatal depression observed in these mothers. The subjects consisted of 70 Japanese mothers ...
Feijó Larissa - - 2006
Forty mothers whose preterm infants were about to be discharged from the Neonatal Intermediate Care Nursery (NICU) were randomly assigned to two groups: the first group of mothers conducted preterm infant massage and the second group only observed their preterm infants receiving massage. Both groups of mothers had lower depressed ...
Nelson E A S - - 2006
Maternal exposure to dioxins and related compounds before conception may affect the health of the fetus. To identify factors affecting dioxin body load in Hong Kong, in 2002, total dioxin-like activity was estimated in 250 individual milk samples at 2-6 weeks postpartum, from a representative group of primiparous mothers, aged ...
Imura Masumi - - 2006
This study examined the effect of aromatherapy-massage in healthy postpartum mothers. A quasi-experimental between-groups design was used. Mothers who received aromatherapy-massage were compared with a control group who received standard postpartum care. Thirty-six healthy, first-time mothers with vaginal delivery of a full-term, healthy infant participated in this study. Sixteen mothers ...
Hennessy Michael B - - 2006
The authors compared interactions of infants with mothers and unfamiliar females in a novel environment in 2 caviomorph rodent species: the harem-living Cavia aperea, the probable progenitor of the domestic guinea pig; and the pair-living Galea monasteriensis. In C. aperea, interactions with mothers and unfamiliar females were largely similar; in ...
Gueimonde Miguel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Establishment of the gut microbiota at birth provides a substantial source of microbial stimuli for the maturation of the immune system. Deviations in this process precede the development of specific diseases providing the rationale for the use of probiotics to counteract them. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to characterize ...
Bogat G Anne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether infants have a traumatic response to intimate partner violence (male violence toward their female partner; IPV) experienced by their mothers, two questions were explored: (1) Is the number of infant trauma symptoms related to the infant's temperament and the mother's mental health? (2) Does severity of ...
Diego Miguel A - - 2006
The effects of maternal interaction style (intrusive/withdrawn) on the development of brain electrical activity were studied in infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers shortly after birth and again at 3-6 months of age. Infants of depressed mothers exhibited significantly greater relative right frontal EEG activation than infants of non-depressed mothers. ...
Boyd Rhonda C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Prenatal and postpartum depression are significant mental health problems that can have negative effects on mother-infant interactions. We examined the relationships among mother-infant interactions, depressive symptoms, life events, and breastfeeding of low-income urban African American and Hispanic women in primary care settings. METHODS: Participants were 89 African American and ...
Mäntymaa Mirjami - - 2006
The current study investigated factors contributing to mother's early perception of her infant's difficult temperament. One hundred and twenty-four mother-infant dyads participated in the study. Mother's perception of the infant's temperament was assessed with the Infant Characteristics Questionnaire (ICQ). The influence of mother-infant interaction, mother's mental health and parenting stress ...
Gilboa Suzanne M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: State vital records are often used to select population-based controls in record-linkage studies of birth defects. However, locating and contacting individuals based on these data sources to collect additional data can be a challenge. METHODS: A large case-control study of air quality and birth defects was conducted in 7 ...
Warren Susan L - - 2006
The aim of this pilot research was to investigate whether infants of mothers with panic disorder (PD) would be at higher risk for prematurity and low birth weight (corrected for gestational age) than controls. Medical records were reviewed for 25 mothers with PD and 33 mothers without a lifetime history ...
Vik Kari - - 2006
In the period January-August 2003, a pilot study took place connected to a research project where video interaction guidance with postnatal depressed mothers was a central part. We wanted to gain some experiences with video interaction guidance with focus on the baby. The data were collected through interviews and video ...
Lee Tzu-Ying - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine mothers' perceptions of support from fathers over the 1st year after birth of a medically fragile infant. DESIGN: A descriptive, correlation design based on an ecologic systems view of the family. It was hypothesized that the levels of paternal support would be influenced by factors within the ...
Savage Jane Staton - - 2006
Research on knowing in childbirth has largely been a quantitative process. The purpose of this study was to understand the ways first-time mothers learn about birth. A phenomenological approach, using a feminist view, was used to analyze two in-depth interviews and journals to understand nine first-time expectant mothers' experiences of ...
Nyström Kerstin - - 2006
Five mothers with normal pregnancies and healthy children met regularly during the infants' first year through an e-meeting portal. The technology made it possible to meet using realtime videoconferencing through the Web, both one to one and in groups. An experienced child-health nurse was the leader of the group. The ...
Pine Fred - - 2006
Identification is examined in terms of inferred processes through which it comes about. Three such processes are described, inferred from the intimate mother-infant relationship. They are referred to as (1) the overlay of the mother's organizing characteristics, (2) magnification processes also emanating from the mother (though stimulated by the child), ...
Harwood Irene - - 2006
In this paper new knowledge generated from theoretical and empirical work in infant observation studies and attachment, trauma, and neurobiology research is integrated and applied to the development of a group for pregnant and new mothers. The purposes of this group were to (1) promote the establishment of a secure ...
Fairley L L MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 4 Lilybank Gardens, Glasgow G12 8RZ, UK. - - 2006
To examine social class inequalities in adverse perinatal events in Scotland between 1980 and 2000 and how these were influenced by other maternal risk factors. Population based study using routine maternity discharge data. Scotland. All women who gave birth to a live singleton baby in Scottish hospitals between 1980 and ...
Danerek Margaretha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ethical issues arise in many obstetric situations and demand constant consideration by obstetricians. The aim of this study was to highlight the meaning of being in an ethically difficult situation as narrated by obstetricians. METHODS: A descriptive design with a qualitative approach using a hermeneutic phenomenological method for analysis. ...
Britton John R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and correlates of maternal postpartum anxiety. METHODS: 422 of 973 invited mothers (43%) were screened for anxiety before hospital discharge with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Recent medical and social life events, stress, resiliency (mastery, social support, and marital satisfaction), length of stay, discharge readiness, ...
de Rosnay Marc M Winnicott Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Whiteknights Road, Reading RG6 6AL, UK. - - 2006
In this experiment we investigated the impact of indirect expressions of maternal social anxiety on infant interactions with a stranger. A social referencing paradigm was used in which infants first observed their mothers interacting with a stranger and then interacted with the stranger themselves. Mothers made no direct communicative gestures ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2006
Three-month-old infants of depressed (n=16) and non-depressed mothers (n=16) were habituated to video clips of a female model reciting phrases while posing happy or sad facial/vocal expressions and dishabituated to the alternate expressions. Overall, infants of depressed mothers took longer to habituate the video clips compared to infants of non-depressed ...
Francis Lori A - - 2005
This study examined whether mothers' preoccupation with their own weight and eating was linked to daughters' restrained eating behavior. Participants included 173 non-Hispanic, White mother-daughter dyads, measured longitudinally when daughters were ages 5, 7, 9, and 11. Mothers who were preoccupied with their own weight and eating reported higher levels ...
Watt Susan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the practice implications of a policy initiative, namely, offering women in Ontario Canada up to a 60-hour postpartum in-hospital stay following an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. This change was initiated out of concern for the effects of 'early' discharge on the health of mothers and their infants. ...
Hill Pamela D - - 2005
The purpose of this article is twofold: (a) to compare psychological distress as measured via self-reported perceived stress, sleep, and fatigue levels in lactating mothers of a term infant and mothers of a preterm infant and(b) to determine whether the addition of psychological distress to a previous model predicts milk ...
Lorber Michael F - - 2005
The present investigation was designed to evaluate whether mothers' emotion experience, autonomic reactivity, and negatively biased appraisals of their toddlers' behavior and toddlers' rates of misbehavior predicted over-reactive discipline in a mediated fashion. Ninety-three community mother-toddler dyads were observed in a laboratory interaction, after which mothers' emotion experience and appraisals ...
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