Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1632
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Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2006
Neonates (M age=16 days) born to depressed and non-depressed mothers were randomly assigned to hear an audiotaped lullaby of instrumental music with vocals or without vocals. Neonatal EEG and EKG were recorded for 2min (baseline) of silence and for 2min of one or the other music presentation. Neonates of non-depressed ...
Black Maureen M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Rates of rapid second births among low-income black adolescent mothers range from 20% to 50%. Most efforts to prevent rapid second births have been unsuccessful. OBJECTIVES: There were 4 objectives: (1) to examine whether a home-based mentoring intervention was effective in preventing second births within 2 years of the ...
Nicol-Harper Rosemary - - 2007
The aim of the study was to examine the impact of anxiety in the postnatal year on maternal contribution to mother-infant interaction. Participants were 32 mothers with high anxiety and 32 mothers with low anxiety, when their infants were aged 10-14 months. Mother-infant interaction was videotaped during a standardized play ...
Rahman A - - 2007
To examine the associations between postnatal depression in mothers and diarrhoeal illness in their infants in the first year of life in a low-income country. Using a prospective cohort design, 265 infants (n = 130 of mothers having a depressive episode according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, ...
Jung Vivienne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) has a prevalence ranging from 3% to 30% and is associated with serious infant growth and developmental problems. Interventions directed at improving maternal mood have been unsuccessful in producing changes in observed face-to-face interactions between mother and infant. The Keys to Caregiving (KTC) is an intervention ...
Coppola Gabrielle - - 2006
This study provides data supporting the reliability and validity of an Italian version of the adult attachment script representation task, designed by Waters & Rodrigues-Doolabh (2004). Specifically, we tested hypotheses concerning positive relations between attachment scriptedness scores and two other representational measures, derived from the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). In ...
Klier C M - - 2006
Mother-infant bonding disorders include a distressing lack of maternal feeling, irritability, hostility and aggressive impulses, pathological ideas and outright rejection. They are quite common in mothers referred for psychiatric help and are present in 29% of mothers diagnosed with postnatal depression (Brockington et al, 2001). In cases of postpartum depression ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2006
Using reliable and valid measurements of mothering can enhance clinicians' and researchers' ability to identify problematic patterns that pose risks to the health of mothers and infants during the first postpartum year. A critical review of observational and self-report instruments for measuring components of mothering is presented. Positive indicators of ...
Moehler E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postnatal Depression has demonstrated long-term consequences on child cognitive and emotional development, however, the link between maternal and child pathology has not been clearly identified. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether maternal bonding to the infant and young child is impaired by maternal depressive symptoms. METHODS: 101 mothers of newborn ...
Morgan Jane B - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe feeding patterns and mothers' perceptions of desirable feeding practices in low-birth-weight (LBW) infants after hospital discharge in England and to test for the association of inappropriate practices/perceptions with identifiable demographics. DESIGN: Postal questionnaires from 198 mothers of LBW infants in London, Liverpool and Winchester were analysed regarding ...
Mercer Ramona T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current state of knowledge of nursing interventions that foster the process of becoming a mother. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted using CINAHL and PubMed electronic databases and other key references. STUDY SELECTION: Reports on nursing intervention research published in English that focused on a ...
Anderson, Diane Marie
The purpose of this investigation was to determine normative blood levels of protein, zinc and retinoids for the healthy, non-smoking mother and her healthy infant at delivery. The interrelationships of the three blood nutrients between mother and infant, within the mother and within the infant were examined. One hundred and ...
Peterson, Nancy Jean
The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of maternal HIV infection on infant to mother attachment security in Kampala, Uganda. 35 HIV-positive mothers and their infants and 25 HIV-negative mothers and their infants were observed twice at home for 2 hours per visit. The Waters Attachment ...
Hill Pamela D - - 2006
The purpose of this study is to compare psychological distress via both negative and positive mood states between 2 different groups of lactating mothers during the first 6 weeks postpartum with a large sample. Mood states were measured using the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List-Revised by a convenience sample of ...
Pinto Carmen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether infant disorganized attachment predicts ADHD at school age. METHOD: A cohort of 53 children who had been identified as having significant levels of disorganized attachment in infancy is compared to a control group. Symptoms and signs of ADHD at age 7 are evaluated together with a ...
Troe Ernst-Jan W M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Migrant populations consist of migrants with differences in generational status and length of residence. Several studies suggest that health outcomes differ by generational status and duration of residence. We examined the association of generational status and age at immigration of the mother with infant mortality in migrant populations in ...
Hand Ivan L - - 2006
The object of this study was to evaluate postpartum women for psychiatric symptomatology including cognitive disturbances, anxiety, depression, and anger to better meet their needs for support and involve them in the care of their infants. We interviewed 52 postpartum mothers at the Bronx Lebanon Hospital Center within 5 days ...
Liu Kai-Lih - - 2006
This study is to compare infant mortality rates (IMRs) between US- and foreign-born mothers in New York City. The linked live birth-infant death records from 1995 to 1998 were analyzed. Overall US-born mothers had a higher IMR than foreign-born mothers, though there were great variations in IMRs by country of ...
McMahon Catherine A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Empirical studies have revealed a significant, but modest association between maternal depression and insecure mother-child attachment. Across studies, however, a substantial number of mothers with depression are able to provide a sensitive caretaking environment for their children. This paper aimed to explore whether a mother's own state of mind ...
Chen Chih-Jung - - 2006
A premature newborn born to a mother with candidal vaginitis developed congenital invasive candidiasis. The isolates of Candida albicans from the bloodstream and the oral cavity of the neonate and the vagina of the mother shared a common genotype, which provide direct evidence of the association of congenital candidiasis with ...
Coplan Jeremy D - - 2006
The maternal stress response may vary as a function of infant developmental phase. Using a median split, 13 bonnet macaque (M. radiata) mother-infant dyads were exposed to early initiation of variable foraging demand (VFD), a prolonged stressor, whereas 11 dyads were exposed to late VFD onset. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and ...
Forcada-Guex Margarita - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: With the increased survival of very preterm infants, there is a growing concern for their developmental and socioemotional outcomes. The quality of the early mother-infant relationship has been noted as 1 of the factors that may exacerbate or soften the potentially adverse impact of preterm birth, particularly concerning the ...
Weinberg M Katherine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to evaluate the interactions of mothers with normative or high levels of depressive symptomatology on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and their 3-month-old infants. Although successful mutual regulation of affect is critical to children's socio-emotional development, little is known about the ...
Brand Sarah R SR Bronx VA OOMH, 130 West Kingsbridge Road, Bronx, NY 10468, - - 2006
In view of evidence of in utero glucocorticoid programming, and our prior observation of lower cortisol levels in 9-month-old infants of mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to mothers without PTSD, we undertook an examination of the effect of in utero maternal stress, as determined by PTSD symptom severity, ...
Onyiriuka, AN; ;
<B>Background/Objective</B>: To examine the influence of maternal hypertension on rate of delivery of small-for-gestation age (SGA) infants, incidence of neonatal polycythaemia and mean ponderal indices of the resultant newborn infants. Methods</B>:From the birth weights and lengths, the ponderal indices of SGA infants born to mothers with chronic hypertension were compared ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria - - 2006
Neonates born to depressed (n=44) versus non-depressed (n=43) mothers were compared on individual items of the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS). The neonates of depressed mothers received lower scores on orienting to the live face/voice stimulus and on the alertness items, suggesting they were less attentive. They also scored ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Genetic differences in the activity of phosphotyrosine phosphatases between mother and embryo could result in a differential activation of signals induced by growth factors in the two sides of placenta. Previous observations suggest that this may have important effects on intrauterine development and survival. The aim of the present ...
Argüelles Sandro - - 2006
The objective of the work was to study the relationship between the oxidative state of the mother and the newborn at the moment of birth. We measured oxidative stress markers (carbonyl groups, lipid peroxides and total antioxidant capacity (TAC)) and found a good correlation between the oxidative state of the ...
Klerman Lorraine V - - 2006
It is commonly believed that pregnancy outcomes for multiparous teenage mothers are worse than those for teenage women experiencing a first birth. This article, based on a review of the literature, finds that when teenage mothers having a second birth are compared with those having a first birth, the second ...
Hughes P - - 2006
The unresolved (U) state of mind in parents has been validated by its association with infant attachment disorganization (D), yet all studies show a transmission gap, and a proportion of individuals classified as U have infants who are not D. This paper reports on 31 mothers who showed the characteristic ...
Velderman Mariska Klein - - 2006
The current intervention study aimed at breaking the potential intergenerational cycle of insecure attachment. The authors randomly assigned 81 first-time mothers to one of two intervention groups or a control group. The interventions involved four home visits when the infants were between 7 and 10 months old. The first intervention, ...
McElwain Nancy L - - 2006
In considering Bowlby's (1969/1982) conceptualization of attachment as a "biobehavioral safety-regulating system," Goldberg, Grusec, & Jenkins (1999) proposed that maternal sensitivity to infant distress may be particularly relevant to the formation of a secure attachment relationship. Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care provided a unique opportunity to ...
Brockington I F - - 2006
We assessed the frequency of severe disorders of the mother-infant relationship in over 200 mothers referred to services in Birmingham and Christchurch, all of whom were interviewed using the Birmingham Interview for Maternal Mental Health. 10.6% had established rejection and 14.6% threatened rejection of their infants. 28.6% had various degrees ...
Hibel Leah C - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to describe associations between the use of common over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications with individual differences in salivary cortisol in infants and their mothers. Participants were 1020 mothers and 852 infants (52.5% boys; ages 5.03-13.44 months) from economically disadvantaged and ethnically diverse families ...
van Adrichem Gijsbertus G J - - 2006
Orangutans have the longest immature period and inter-birth interval of all ape species. This may be explained by a slow life history, the need to develop skills or by their relatively solitary lifestyle, which prevents a mother from associating with two offspring. This study of wild immature orangutans at the ...
Maputle M S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was firstly to explore and describe the experiences of teenage mothers of first pregnancy. Secondly, to develop guidelines of a support programme that is contextual and relevant to the needs of teenage mothers. The guidelines are aimed at assisting midwives in meeting the needs of ...
Madlon-Kay Diane J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the percentage of babies born at a community hospital who received follow-up visits at home or clinic by 2 weeks of age. Also to describe the characteristics of the mothers whose newborns received visits within 2 weeks of birth. METHODS: A convenience sample of 335 mothers giving ...
Holmes Bjarne M - - 2006
Cost-efficient prenatal assessments are needed that have the potential to identify those at risk for parent/infant relational problems. With this goal in mind, an additional attachment style description was added to the Relationship Questionnaire (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991), an established self-report attachment measure, to create the Relationship Questionnaire: Clinical Version ...
Stein Alan A Section of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JXl, UK. - - 2006
Maternal eating disorders interfere with parenting, adversely affecting mother-infant interaction and infant outcome. This trial tested whether video-feedback treatment specifically targeting mother-child interaction would be superior to counseling in improving mother-child interaction, especially mealtime conflict, and infant weight and autonomy. The participants were 80 mothers with bulimia nervosa or similar ...
Pridham Karen A KA Department of Family Medicine, School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA. - - 2006
Explore the feasibility, usefulness, and outcomes of a pilot program to support mothers in developing competencies for managing health problems of their very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants in partnership with the primary care clinician (PCC). In a randomized study, mothers who received guided participation (GP) and printed guidelines for managing ...
Ralls, Katherine
We recorded four measures of mother-young association and the percentage of time the young spent lying during the first week after birth for 59 mother-young pairs belonging to 22 species and seven families of ungulates. The measures of mother-young association were positively correlated with each other and negatively correlated with ...
Ueda Motoko - - 2006
This pilot study aimed to elucidate whether or not mothers who receive neonatal home visits tend to suffer from depressive disorders during the first postpartum year and to examine what kinds of factors were related to the postnatal depression observed in these mothers. The subjects consisted of 70 Japanese mothers ...
Feijó Larissa - - 2006
Forty mothers whose preterm infants were about to be discharged from the Neonatal Intermediate Care Nursery (NICU) were randomly assigned to two groups: the first group of mothers conducted preterm infant massage and the second group only observed their preterm infants receiving massage. Both groups of mothers had lower depressed ...
Nelson E A S - - 2006
Maternal exposure to dioxins and related compounds before conception may affect the health of the fetus. To identify factors affecting dioxin body load in Hong Kong, in 2002, total dioxin-like activity was estimated in 250 individual milk samples at 2-6 weeks postpartum, from a representative group of primiparous mothers, aged ...
Imura Masumi - - 2006
This study examined the effect of aromatherapy-massage in healthy postpartum mothers. A quasi-experimental between-groups design was used. Mothers who received aromatherapy-massage were compared with a control group who received standard postpartum care. Thirty-six healthy, first-time mothers with vaginal delivery of a full-term, healthy infant participated in this study. Sixteen mothers ...
Hennessy Michael B - - 2006
The authors compared interactions of infants with mothers and unfamiliar females in a novel environment in 2 caviomorph rodent species: the harem-living Cavia aperea, the probable progenitor of the domestic guinea pig; and the pair-living Galea monasteriensis. In C. aperea, interactions with mothers and unfamiliar females were largely similar; in ...
Gueimonde Miguel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Establishment of the gut microbiota at birth provides a substantial source of microbial stimuli for the maturation of the immune system. Deviations in this process precede the development of specific diseases providing the rationale for the use of probiotics to counteract them. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to characterize ...
Bogat G Anne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether infants have a traumatic response to intimate partner violence (male violence toward their female partner; IPV) experienced by their mothers, two questions were explored: (1) Is the number of infant trauma symptoms related to the infant's temperament and the mother's mental health? (2) Does severity of ...
Diego Miguel A - - 2006
The effects of maternal interaction style (intrusive/withdrawn) on the development of brain electrical activity were studied in infants of depressed and non-depressed mothers shortly after birth and again at 3-6 months of age. Infants of depressed mothers exhibited significantly greater relative right frontal EEG activation than infants of non-depressed mothers. ...
Boyd Rhonda C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Prenatal and postpartum depression are significant mental health problems that can have negative effects on mother-infant interactions. We examined the relationships among mother-infant interactions, depressive symptoms, life events, and breastfeeding of low-income urban African American and Hispanic women in primary care settings. METHODS: Participants were 89 African American and ...
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