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Kucik James E JE James E. Kucik, Cynthia H. Cassell and Clinton J. Alverson are with the Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta. Pamela Donohue is with the Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Jean Paul Tanner and Russell S. Kirby are with the Birth Defects Surveillance Program, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa. Cynthia S. Minkovitz is with the Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore. Jane Correia is with the Florida Birth Defects Registry, Bureau of Epidemiology, Division of Disease Control and Health Protection, Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee. Thomas Burke is with the Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public - - 2014
Objectives. We examined the association between health insurance and survival of infants with congenital heart defects (CHDs), and whether medical insurance type contributed to racial/ethnic disparities in survival. Methods. We conducted a population-based, retrospective study on a cohort of Florida resident infants born with CHDs between 1998 and 2007. We ...
Kim Sohye S Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, United States; Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, United States; Attachment and Neurodevelopment Laboratory, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX, United - - 2014
This study contrasted two forms of mother-infant mirroring: the mother's imitation of the infant's facial, gestural, or vocal behavior (i.e., "direct mirroring") and the mother's ostensive verbalization of the infant's internal state, marked as distinct from the infant's own experience (i.e., "intention mirroring"). Fifty mothers completed the Adult Attachment Interview ...
Kim Bo-Ram BR Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study examines the influences of mothers' emotional availability toward their infants during bedtime, infant attachment security, and interactions between bedtime parenting and attachment with infant temperamental negative affectivity, on infants' emotion regulation strategy use at 12 and 18 months. Infants' emotion regulation strategies were assessed during a frustration ...
Bilenko Natalya - - 2014
A high prevalence of iron deficiency anemia persists in Bedouin Arab and Jewish pediatric populations in southern Israel. To compare the effect of daily use of the micronutrient supplementation (MMS), "Sprinkles," a powdered formulation of iron, vitamins A and C, folic acid and zinc, with liquid iron and vitamins A ...
Brix Nis - - 2014
The INtubation-SURfactant-Extubation (INSURE) is a procedure that is increasingly being used to treat the respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to identify predictors for an unsuccessful INSURE procedure. The neonates included were less than 32 weeks' gestation, treated with surfactant in the neonatal intensive ...
Johnston Josephine J 1Director of Research & Research Scholar,The Hastings - - 2014
Nearly one in eight infants in the United States is born preterm. A variety of factors are associated with preterm birth, including multiplicity. In the United States fertility treatments are currently associated with high rates of multiplicity, but these rates could be reduced significantly if changes can be made to ...
Schiltz Nicholas K NK Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA - - 2014
Objective. To assess the association of insurance status on infant rehospitalization in a population-based setting. Methods. In this longitudinal retrospective study, hospitalizations were tracked for 1 year after birth discharge for 203 031 infants born in hospitals during 2008 using data from the New York State Inpatient Database. Relative risk ...
Ounpraseuth Songthip S Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to examine the time trend in length of stay (LOS) and explore potential differences in neonatal LOS by insurance type for preterm infants in Arkansas between 2004 and 2010. Study Design There were 18,712 preterm infants included in our analyses. Accelerated failure time models were ...
Matías Israel I Department of Pediatrics, Neonatology Section, UPR School of Medicine, PO BOX 365067, San Juan, PR, 00936-5067, USA, - - 2014
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading viral pathogen responsible for bronchiolitis and pneumonia in infants. We assessed palivizumab prophylaxis compliance for infants in Puerto Rico. We retrospectively studied data from 868 infants (409 females, 459 males) during the 2009-2010 RSV season. The infants had a mean gestational age of ...
Pederson David R DR a Department of Psychology , Western University , London , - - 2014
On the basis of extensive home observations, Ainsworth proposed that a mother's sensitivity to her infant's signals is the primary determinant of attachment security. Although subsequent research has found a relationship between sensitivity and attachment security, the effect sizes are much smaller than those reported by Ainsworth. In addition to ...
Aguar Marta M Division of Neonatology, University & Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain; Neonatal Research Group, Health Research Institute La Fe, Valencia, - - 2014
Preterm infants requiring surfactant replacement have been treated using the INSURE technique, which requires sedation and comprises tracheal intubation, surfactant instillation and extubation. However, minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) does not require sedation, minimises airway injury and avoids placing positive pressure ventilation on an immature lung. This study compared the ...
Regidor Enrique E Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study evaluates the relationship between income and mortality in Spain over a long period of declining in income inequality. The ratio between income in the richest and poorest provinces was 2.74 in 1970 and 2.10 in 2010. Pearson correlation coefficients for the association between provincial income and the measures ...
Lai Melissa M The UQ Centre for Clinical Research, Perinatal Research Centre, Level 4, Bldg 71/918, Butterfield Street, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, - - 2014
Securing the endotracheal tube is a common procedure in the neonatal intensive care unit. Adequate fixation of the tube is essential to ensure effective ventilation of the infant whilst minimising potential complications secondary to the intervention. Methods used to secure the endotracheal tube often vary between units and sometimes even ...
Kershenbaum Anne - - 2014
This cross-sectional ecological study examines the pattern of association of state income and income inequality (measured by Gini coefficient) with state infant mortality rates (IMRs) in the U.S. Scatter plots and correlation coefficients were used to examine bivariate associations and bubble plots to examine three-way relationships. Infant mortality rate was ...
Curtin Sally C SC National Center for Health - - 2013
Objectives-This report presents new data from birth certificates on the principal source of payment for the delivery in 2010 for the following groups: private insurance, Medicaid, self-pay (uninsured), and other payment sources. These data are for the 33 states and District of Columbia that adopted the 2003 U.S. Standard Certificate ...
Meins Elizabeth - - 2013
This paper focuses on caregiver sensitivity, its relation to mind-mindedness (caregivers' attunement to their infants' internal states), and how well both constructs predict infant attachment security. The seminal Baltimore research on sensitivity and its relation to attachment security is summarized, highlighting the conclusion that mothers in the insecure-resistant and insecure-avoidant ...
Herting Egbert - - 2013
The idea to deliver surfactant to spontaneously breathing premature infants is not new. The spectrum of methods reported reaches from aerosol administration over pharyngeal deposition, the use of laryngeal masks, short term intubation, surfactant administration and rapid extubation (INSURE) to an approach of keeping premature neonates on spontaneous breathing with ...
Escobar Gabriel J GJ Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program ; Kaiser Permanente, Perinatal Research Unit, Division of Research, Oakland, and ; Department of Inpatient Pediatrics, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Walnut Creek, California - - 2013
Immunoprophylaxis is the only pharmaceutical intervention for mitigating respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Patient level data on adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) immunoprophylaxis recommendations are limited. This study characterizes adherence to AAP guidelines in privately insured and Medicaid populations. We performed a retrospective birth cohort study of 211 ...
Ablow Jennifer C - - 2013
Associations among 53 primiparous women's Adult Attachment Interview classifications (secure-autonomous vs. insecure-dismissing) and physiological and self-reported responses to infant crying were explored. Heart rate, skin conductance levels, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were recorded continuously. In response to the cry, secure-autonomous women demonstrated RSA declines, consistent with approach-oriented responses. Insecure-dismissing ...
Leone F - - 2013
Aim: INSURE (INtubation, SURfactant, Extubation) is a proven complement of nasal CPAP (nCPAP) for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treatment of preterm infants. Early administration is characterized by greater success. We aimed to determine the efficacy and failure or other respiratory outcomes of INSURE administration during nasal continuois positive airway pressure ...
Kanmaz H Gozde - - 2013
The primary aim of this randomized study was to describe the feasibility of early administration of surfactant via a thin catheter during spontaneous breathing (Take Care) and compare early mechanical ventilation (MV) requirement with the InSurE (Intubate, Surfactant, Extubate) procedure. Preterm infants, who were <32 weeks and stabilized with nasal ...
Bauer Thomas K - - 2012
Based on multivariate linear regression models, we analyze the effect of the lunar cycle and the number of sunspots occurring on a particular day on the number of births using social security data and controlling for a number of other potential confounders. The daily numbers of births between 1920 and ...
Riem Madelon M E - - 2012
Current research found that adult attachment representations influence neural, emotional, and behavioral responses to infant crying, thus validating the Berkeley Adult Attachment Interview with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. This study examined amygdala activation, feelings of irritation, and the use of excessive force as indicated by grip strength using a handgrip ...
Kim Min-A - - 2012
We investigated the livebirths prevalence and occurrence pattern of birth defects in Korea. After the survey on birth defects was done in 2,348 medical institutions around the nation, the birth defect prevalence of livebirths in 2005-2006 was calculated. This study was based on the medical insurance claims database of the ...
Pfister Robert H - - 2012
This article explores the potential benefits and risks for the various approaches to the initial respiratory management of preterm infants. The authors focus on the evidence for the increasingly used strategies of initial respiratory support of preterm infants with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) beginning in the delivery room or ...
Small Susan A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The acoustic change complex (ACC), an auditory evoked potential (AEP) comprises overlapping slow cortical responses, which reflects discrimination capacity in the absence of attention, has not yet been recorded in infants. Because the ACC is a large response, it may be useful as an index of discrimination for infants ...
Song Zai - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: There is an urgent need to identify noninvasive and convenient biomarkers for early diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA). The aim of this study was to identify potential protein biomarkers for BA. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Serum samples from 42 BA infants, 38 non-BA neonatal cholestasis infants (NC), and 36 healthy ...
- - 2012
Alaska's postneonatal mortality rate of 3.4 deaths per 1,000 live births during 2006-2008 was 48% higher than the 2007 U.S. rate of 2.3 per 1,000. Among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) infants, the Alaska rate of 8.0 per 1,000 was 70% higher than the U.S. rate of 4.7. The Alaska Division ...
Duncan M E - - 2012
Analysis of data sets that included both underlying and all contributing causes of death (together termed 'mentions'): the Oxford Record Linkage Study, 1979-2008, and England national data, 1995-2008. To determine mortality trends for the granulomatous lung conditions tuberculosis (TB) and sarcoidosis in the Oxford region (1979-2008) and England (1995-2008). Mortality ...
Gizzi C - - 2012
Aim. To evaluate whether synchronized-NIPPV (SNIPPV) used after the INSURE procedure can reduce mechanical ventilation (MV) need in preterm infants with RDS more effectively than NCPAP and to compare the clinical course and the incidence of short-term outcomes of infants managed with SNIPPV or NCPAP. Methods. Chart data of inborn ...
Mulder Monique Borgerhoff - - 2012
Livingstone's second mission site on the shore of Lake Malawi suffers very high rates of consequential lightning strikes. Comprehensive interviewing of victims and their relatives in seven Traditional Authorities in Nkhata Bay District, Malawi revealed that the annual rate of consequential strikes was 419/million, more than six times higher than ...
Bozena Kociszewska-Najman - - 2011
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the composition of breast milk which had been gathered from mothers for over first two weeks of lactation and to compare the changes in composition of preterm and term milk. Methods: A prospective, single center study was provided in Warsaw, ...
Gondolf Ulla Holmboe - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To test whether there are differences in diet diversity between children still being partly breast-fed at 9 months and those completely weaned at the same age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Cross-sectional study (SKOT cohort) in the area of Copenhagen, Denmark. SUBJECTS: Healthy term infants (n 312) at 9 months ...
Cameron Barbara - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: Many women in industrialized countries return to work while their children are infants. This is often associated with decreased breastfeeding duration or exclusivity. In order to better understand the breastfeeding support activities in childcare settings, studies were undertaken in settings with very different levels of infant mortality, breastfeeding, ...
Wingo Phyllis A - - 2011
To study teen birth rates, trends, and socio-demographic and pregnancy characteristics of AI/AN across geographic regions in the US. The birth rate for US teenagers 15-19 years reached a historic low in 2009 (39.1 per 1,000) and yet remains one of the highest teen birth rates among industrialized nations. In the ...
VanderWeele Tyler J - - 2012
Preterm birth rates are higher in the United States than in most industrialized countries, and have been rising steadily. Some attribute these trends to changing demographics, with more older mothers, more infertility, and more multiple births. Others suggest that changes in obstetrics are behind the trends. We sought to determine ...
Kuze Noko - - 2011
This study investigated the reproductive parameters of free-ranging rehabilitant female orangutans. We aimed to assess the factors that influence these parameters and provide information that could assist with the management of orangutan reintroduction programs. We analyzed the birth records of free-ranging female rehabilitants at Bukit Lawang, Bukit Tigapuluh, Sepilok, Camp ...
Kuipers Remko S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the gestational age (GA) dependent content, composition and intrauterine accretion rates of fatty acids (FA) in fetal white adipose tissue (WAT). OBJECTIVE & DESIGN: To acquire this information, we collected abdominal subcutaneous WAT samples from 40 preterm and term fetuses. Their GA ranged from 22 ...
Lim Jae Woo - - 2011
Although Korean population has been growing steadily during the past four decades, the nation is rapidly becoming an aging society because of its declining birth rate combined with an increasing life expectancy. In addition, Korea has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world due to fewer married couples, ...
Lee Henry C - - 2011
To estimate trends and risk factors for cesarean delivery for twins in the United States. This was a cross-sectional study in which we calculated cesarean delivery rates for twins from 1995 to 2008 using National Center for Health Statistics data. We compared cesarean delivery rates by year and for vertex ...
Al Faleh Khaled K Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, King Saud University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2011
Mechanical ventilation improves survival of preterm infants with respiratory failure. The aim of this study was to determine the success rate and short-term neonatal morbidities of early extubation in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in a tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Retrospective cohort study of ELBW infants ...
Nielsen Susan B - - 2011
Objective:To test whether and how human lactation and breastfeeding practices can adapt to fulfill infant energy requirements during exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months.Methods:The First-Feed study was a longitudinal, observational field study to measure milk intake, energy intake (from the doubly labeled water method), anthropometry, and breastfeeding practices at 2 time ...
Jegatheeswaran Anusha - - 2011
Little information is available about the transportation costs incurred from the missed prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). The objectives of the present study were to analyze the costs of emergency transportation related to the postnatal diagnosis of major CHD and to perform a cost/benefit analysis of additional training ...
Wertheimer Ellen R - - 2011
To estimate malaria rates in association with birth country, we analyzed routine surveillance data for US military members. During 2002-2010, rates were 44× higher for those born in western Africa than for those born in the United States. Loss of natural immunity renders persons susceptible when visiting birth countries. Pretravel ...
Gondolf U H - - 2011
Background/Objectives:To assess the validity of a 7-day pre-coded food record (PFR) method in 9-month-old infants against metabolizable energy intake (ME(DLW)) measured by doubly labeled water (DLW); additionally to compare PFR with a 7-day weighed food record (WFR) in 9-month-old infants and 36-month-old children.Subjects/Methods:The study population consisted of 36 infants (age: ...
Hollowell Jennifer - - 2011
Social inequalities in infant mortality can be clearly demonstrated in the countries of the United Kingdom with a social gradient between different groups. Marked variations in infant mortality between ethnic groups are also evident in England and Wales, with the highest rates seen in Pakistani and Caribbean infants and the ...
Rothstein William G - - 2011
This study found that the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on mortality decreased steadily during the twentieth century. It examined trends in age-specific adult mortality rates for employed men and infants in a number of social classes based on occupation in England and Wales and for black, white, and immigrant ...
Reid Susan M - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to assess overall and gestational age-specific trends in the rate of cerebral palsy (CP) in Victoria, Australia, and to compare these findings with other population data. Method  Individuals born in Victoria from 1970 to 2004 with non-postneonatally acquired CP were identified from a ...
Marom Ronella - - 2011
Objective:  To test the hypothesis that olfactory stimulation in growing healthy preterm infants leads to an increase in resting energy expenditure (REE). Design:  A prospective, randomized clinical trial with cross-over was conducted in 20 healthy, appropriate weights for gestational age, gavage fed preterm infants. Infants were studied while asleep and ...
Batton Beau - - 2011
: To estimate trends in infant mortality rates and cesarean delivery rates for extremely preterm infants born in the United States. : This national population-based study used public data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to investigate extremely preterm infants born alive between 22 0/7 and 27 6/7 ...
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