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Pederson David R DR a Department of Psychology , Western University , London , - - 2014
On the basis of extensive home observations, Ainsworth proposed that a mother's sensitivity to her infant's signals is the primary determinant of attachment security. Although subsequent research has found a relationship between sensitivity and attachment security, the effect sizes are much smaller than those reported by Ainsworth. In addition to ...
Aguar Marta M Division of Neonatology, University & Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain; Neonatal Research Group, Health Research Institute La Fe, Valencia, - - 2014
Preterm infants requiring surfactant replacement have been treated using the INSURE technique, which requires sedation and comprises tracheal intubation, surfactant instillation and extubation. However, minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) does not require sedation, minimises airway injury and avoids placing positive pressure ventilation on an immature lung. This study compared the ...
Regidor Enrique E Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study evaluates the relationship between income and mortality in Spain over a long period of declining in income inequality. The ratio between income in the richest and poorest provinces was 2.74 in 1970 and 2.10 in 2010. Pearson correlation coefficients for the association between provincial income and the measures ...
Curtin Sally C SC National Center for Health - - 2013
Objectives-This report presents new data from birth certificates on the principal source of payment for the delivery in 2010 for the following groups: private insurance, Medicaid, self-pay (uninsured), and other payment sources. These data are for the 33 states and District of Columbia that adopted the 2003 U.S. Standard Certificate ...
Meins Elizabeth - - 2013
This paper focuses on caregiver sensitivity, its relation to mind-mindedness (caregivers' attunement to their infants' internal states), and how well both constructs predict infant attachment security. The seminal Baltimore research on sensitivity and its relation to attachment security is summarized, highlighting the conclusion that mothers in the insecure-resistant and insecure-avoidant ...
Herting Egbert - - 2013
The idea to deliver surfactant to spontaneously breathing premature infants is not new. The spectrum of methods reported reaches from aerosol administration over pharyngeal deposition, the use of laryngeal masks, short term intubation, surfactant administration and rapid extubation (INSURE) to an approach of keeping premature neonates on spontaneous breathing with ...
Ablow Jennifer C - - 2013
Associations among 53 primiparous women's Adult Attachment Interview classifications (secure-autonomous vs. insecure-dismissing) and physiological and self-reported responses to infant crying were explored. Heart rate, skin conductance levels, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were recorded continuously. In response to the cry, secure-autonomous women demonstrated RSA declines, consistent with approach-oriented responses. Insecure-dismissing ...
Leone F - - 2013
Aim: INSURE (INtubation, SURfactant, Extubation) is a proven complement of nasal CPAP (nCPAP) for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treatment of preterm infants. Early administration is characterized by greater success. We aimed to determine the efficacy and failure or other respiratory outcomes of INSURE administration during nasal continuois positive airway pressure ...
Kanmaz H Gozde - - 2013
The primary aim of this randomized study was to describe the feasibility of early administration of surfactant via a thin catheter during spontaneous breathing (Take Care) and compare early mechanical ventilation (MV) requirement with the InSurE (Intubate, Surfactant, Extubate) procedure. Preterm infants, who were <32 weeks and stabilized with nasal ...
Bauer Thomas K - - 2012
Based on multivariate linear regression models, we analyze the effect of the lunar cycle and the number of sunspots occurring on a particular day on the number of births using social security data and controlling for a number of other potential confounders. The daily numbers of births between 1920 and ...
Riem Madelon M E - - 2012
Current research found that adult attachment representations influence neural, emotional, and behavioral responses to infant crying, thus validating the Berkeley Adult Attachment Interview with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. This study examined amygdala activation, feelings of irritation, and the use of excessive force as indicated by grip strength using a handgrip ...
Kim Min-A - - 2012
We investigated the livebirths prevalence and occurrence pattern of birth defects in Korea. After the survey on birth defects was done in 2,348 medical institutions around the nation, the birth defect prevalence of livebirths in 2005-2006 was calculated. This study was based on the medical insurance claims database of the ...
Pfister Robert H - - 2012
This article explores the potential benefits and risks for the various approaches to the initial respiratory management of preterm infants. The authors focus on the evidence for the increasingly used strategies of initial respiratory support of preterm infants with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) beginning in the delivery room or ...
Small Susan A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The acoustic change complex (ACC), an auditory evoked potential (AEP) comprises overlapping slow cortical responses, which reflects discrimination capacity in the absence of attention, has not yet been recorded in infants. Because the ACC is a large response, it may be useful as an index of discrimination for infants ...
Song Zai - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: There is an urgent need to identify noninvasive and convenient biomarkers for early diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA). The aim of this study was to identify potential protein biomarkers for BA. PATIENTS AND METHODS:: Serum samples from 42 BA infants, 38 non-BA neonatal cholestasis infants (NC), and 36 healthy ...
- - 2012
Alaska's postneonatal mortality rate of 3.4 deaths per 1,000 live births during 2006-2008 was 48% higher than the 2007 U.S. rate of 2.3 per 1,000. Among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) infants, the Alaska rate of 8.0 per 1,000 was 70% higher than the U.S. rate of 4.7. The Alaska Division ...
Duncan M E - - 2012
Analysis of data sets that included both underlying and all contributing causes of death (together termed 'mentions'): the Oxford Record Linkage Study, 1979-2008, and England national data, 1995-2008. To determine mortality trends for the granulomatous lung conditions tuberculosis (TB) and sarcoidosis in the Oxford region (1979-2008) and England (1995-2008). Mortality ...
Gizzi C - - 2012
Aim. To evaluate whether synchronized-NIPPV (SNIPPV) used after the INSURE procedure can reduce mechanical ventilation (MV) need in preterm infants with RDS more effectively than NCPAP and to compare the clinical course and the incidence of short-term outcomes of infants managed with SNIPPV or NCPAP. Methods. Chart data of inborn ...
Mulder Monique Borgerhoff - - 2012
Livingstone's second mission site on the shore of Lake Malawi suffers very high rates of consequential lightning strikes. Comprehensive interviewing of victims and their relatives in seven Traditional Authorities in Nkhata Bay District, Malawi revealed that the annual rate of consequential strikes was 419/million, more than six times higher than ...
Bozena Kociszewska-Najman - - 2011
Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the composition of breast milk which had been gathered from mothers for over first two weeks of lactation and to compare the changes in composition of preterm and term milk. Methods: A prospective, single center study was provided in Warsaw, ...
Gondolf Ulla Holmboe - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To test whether there are differences in diet diversity between children still being partly breast-fed at 9 months and those completely weaned at the same age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Cross-sectional study (SKOT cohort) in the area of Copenhagen, Denmark. SUBJECTS: Healthy term infants (n 312) at 9 months ...
Cameron Barbara - - 2011
Abstract Introduction: Many women in industrialized countries return to work while their children are infants. This is often associated with decreased breastfeeding duration or exclusivity. In order to better understand the breastfeeding support activities in childcare settings, studies were undertaken in settings with very different levels of infant mortality, breastfeeding, ...
Wingo Phyllis A - - 2011
To study teen birth rates, trends, and socio-demographic and pregnancy characteristics of AI/AN across geographic regions in the US. The birth rate for US teenagers 15-19 years reached a historic low in 2009 (39.1 per 1,000) and yet remains one of the highest teen birth rates among industrialized nations. In the ...
VanderWeele Tyler J - - 2012
Preterm birth rates are higher in the United States than in most industrialized countries, and have been rising steadily. Some attribute these trends to changing demographics, with more older mothers, more infertility, and more multiple births. Others suggest that changes in obstetrics are behind the trends. We sought to determine ...
Kuze Noko - - 2011
This study investigated the reproductive parameters of free-ranging rehabilitant female orangutans. We aimed to assess the factors that influence these parameters and provide information that could assist with the management of orangutan reintroduction programs. We analyzed the birth records of free-ranging female rehabilitants at Bukit Lawang, Bukit Tigapuluh, Sepilok, Camp ...
Kuipers Remko S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the gestational age (GA) dependent content, composition and intrauterine accretion rates of fatty acids (FA) in fetal white adipose tissue (WAT). OBJECTIVE & DESIGN: To acquire this information, we collected abdominal subcutaneous WAT samples from 40 preterm and term fetuses. Their GA ranged from 22 ...
Lim Jae Woo - - 2011
Although Korean population has been growing steadily during the past four decades, the nation is rapidly becoming an aging society because of its declining birth rate combined with an increasing life expectancy. In addition, Korea has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world due to fewer married couples, ...
Lee Henry C - - 2011
To estimate trends and risk factors for cesarean delivery for twins in the United States. This was a cross-sectional study in which we calculated cesarean delivery rates for twins from 1995 to 2008 using National Center for Health Statistics data. We compared cesarean delivery rates by year and for vertex ...
Al Faleh Khaled K Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, King Saud University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2011
Mechanical ventilation improves survival of preterm infants with respiratory failure. The aim of this study was to determine the success rate and short-term neonatal morbidities of early extubation in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in a tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Retrospective cohort study of ELBW infants ...
Nielsen Susan B - - 2011
Objective:To test whether and how human lactation and breastfeeding practices can adapt to fulfill infant energy requirements during exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months.Methods:The First-Feed study was a longitudinal, observational field study to measure milk intake, energy intake (from the doubly labeled water method), anthropometry, and breastfeeding practices at 2 time ...
Jegatheeswaran Anusha - - 2011
Little information is available about the transportation costs incurred from the missed prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). The objectives of the present study were to analyze the costs of emergency transportation related to the postnatal diagnosis of major CHD and to perform a cost/benefit analysis of additional training ...
Wertheimer Ellen R - - 2011
To estimate malaria rates in association with birth country, we analyzed routine surveillance data for US military members. During 2002-2010, rates were 44× higher for those born in western Africa than for those born in the United States. Loss of natural immunity renders persons susceptible when visiting birth countries. Pretravel ...
Gondolf U H - - 2011
Background/Objectives:To assess the validity of a 7-day pre-coded food record (PFR) method in 9-month-old infants against metabolizable energy intake (ME(DLW)) measured by doubly labeled water (DLW); additionally to compare PFR with a 7-day weighed food record (WFR) in 9-month-old infants and 36-month-old children.Subjects/Methods:The study population consisted of 36 infants (age: ...
Hollowell Jennifer - - 2011
Social inequalities in infant mortality can be clearly demonstrated in the countries of the United Kingdom with a social gradient between different groups. Marked variations in infant mortality between ethnic groups are also evident in England and Wales, with the highest rates seen in Pakistani and Caribbean infants and the ...
Rothstein William G - - 2011
This study found that the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on mortality decreased steadily during the twentieth century. It examined trends in age-specific adult mortality rates for employed men and infants in a number of social classes based on occupation in England and Wales and for black, white, and immigrant ...
Reid Susan M - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to assess overall and gestational age-specific trends in the rate of cerebral palsy (CP) in Victoria, Australia, and to compare these findings with other population data. Method  Individuals born in Victoria from 1970 to 2004 with non-postneonatally acquired CP were identified from a ...
Marom Ronella - - 2011
Objective:  To test the hypothesis that olfactory stimulation in growing healthy preterm infants leads to an increase in resting energy expenditure (REE). Design:  A prospective, randomized clinical trial with cross-over was conducted in 20 healthy, appropriate weights for gestational age, gavage fed preterm infants. Infants were studied while asleep and ...
Batton Beau - - 2011
: To estimate trends in infant mortality rates and cesarean delivery rates for extremely preterm infants born in the United States. : This national population-based study used public data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to investigate extremely preterm infants born alive between 22 0/7 and 27 6/7 ...
Mathews T J - - 2011
This report presents 2007 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data set (linked file) by a variety of maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. The ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2011
  Background:  Cesarean delivery rates have been rising rapidly in many countries in the last decade. The objective of this research is to examine cesarean rates in industrialized countries and assess patterns in the trends toward increasing rates. Methods:  We examined cesarean delivery rates per 1,000 live births from 1987 ...
Adak Dipak Kumar - - 2011
Position of women has been assessed in terms of demographic perspectives among an offshoot population of a depressed class, namely the Ladiya of Pathariya Jat village of Sagar district, Madhya Pradesh, India. Fertility as well as infant mortality both is found to be considerably high among the womenfolk. It reveals ...
Macdorman Marian - - 2011
Cesarean delivery is the most common major surgical procedure for women in the United States, with 1.4 million surgeries annually. In 2008, nearly one-third (32.3%) of US births were by cesarean delivery. Cesarean delivery rates have increased rapidly in the United States in recent years because of an increasing primary ...
Reddy Uma M - - 2011
To estimate the trend of maternal racial and ethnic differences in mortality for early-term (37 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks of gestation) compared with full-term births (39 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks of gestation). We analyzed 46,329,018 singleton live births using the National Center for Health Statistics U.S. period-linked birth ...
Tsao KuoJen - - 2011
Operative approach, including minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in the repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), is variable among institutions. The short-term recurrent hernia rate is not well described. We evaluated the in-hospital recurrence rate of MIS repairs of infants with CDH from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Registry. Prospectively collected data ...
Guillen Ursula - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess whether recent data reporting survival of preterm infants introduce a bias from the use of varying denominators. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a systematic review of hospital survival of infants less than 1000 g or less than 28 weeks. Included publications specified ...
Iams Jay D - - 2011
Preterm birth is classified by the presence of uterine contractions and/or amniorrhexis at clinical presentation. This classification does not include prior cervical change. We hypothesized that the rate of cervical shortening before preterm birth would not differ according to clinical presentation. We analyzed data from a completed study of paired ...
Gold Nina B - - 2011
Limb deficiencies, the congenital absence or hypoplasia of a long bone and/or digits, vary greatly in their anatomy and etiology. Previous attempts to classify the range of possible phenotypes have not included all types of deficiencies. We present a new classification system, which includes all potential phenotypes. Infants with limb ...
Hure Alexis J - - 2011
Folate and vitamin B12 are involved in homocysteine metabolism and are critical to the methylation of DNA. We aimed to assess plasma vitamin B12 (pB12), plasma folate (pFol), and red cell folate (rcFol) in women and their infants during pregnancy and after birth. Maternal biomarkers were tested as predictors of ...
Smith Jennifer D - - 2011
Objective: To provide pharmacists with the basic knowledge to counsel caregivers in appropriate infant formula selection and use.Summary: Although the majority of infants are initially breast-fed, a transition to infant formula by the age of 6 months, either as a supplement or a replacement for human milk, is common in ...
Volpe Fernando Madalena - - 2011
To correlate international official data on Cesarean delivery rates to infant and maternal mortality rates and low weight-at-birth rates; and to test the hypothesis that Cesarean rates greater than 15% correlate to higher maternal and infant mortality rates. Analyses were based on the most recent official data (2000-2009) available for ...
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