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Declercq Eugene - - 2011
  Background:  Cesarean delivery rates have been rising rapidly in many countries in the last decade. The objective of this research is to examine cesarean rates in industrialized countries and assess patterns in the trends toward increasing rates. Methods:  We examined cesarean delivery rates per 1,000 live births from 1987 ...
Adak Dipak Kumar - - 2011
Position of women has been assessed in terms of demographic perspectives among an offshoot population of a depressed class, namely the Ladiya of Pathariya Jat village of Sagar district, Madhya Pradesh, India. Fertility as well as infant mortality both is found to be considerably high among the womenfolk. It reveals ...
Macdorman Marian - - 2011
Cesarean delivery is the most common major surgical procedure for women in the United States, with 1.4 million surgeries annually. In 2008, nearly one-third (32.3%) of US births were by cesarean delivery. Cesarean delivery rates have increased rapidly in the United States in recent years because of an increasing primary ...
Reddy Uma M - - 2011
To estimate the trend of maternal racial and ethnic differences in mortality for early-term (37 0/7 to 38 6/7 weeks of gestation) compared with full-term births (39 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks of gestation). We analyzed 46,329,018 singleton live births using the National Center for Health Statistics U.S. period-linked birth ...
Tsao KuoJen - - 2011
Operative approach, including minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in the repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), is variable among institutions. The short-term recurrent hernia rate is not well described. We evaluated the in-hospital recurrence rate of MIS repairs of infants with CDH from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Registry. Prospectively collected data ...
Guillen Ursula - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess whether recent data reporting survival of preterm infants introduce a bias from the use of varying denominators. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a systematic review of hospital survival of infants less than 1000 g or less than 28 weeks. Included publications specified ...
Iams Jay D - - 2011
Preterm birth is classified by the presence of uterine contractions and/or amniorrhexis at clinical presentation. This classification does not include prior cervical change. We hypothesized that the rate of cervical shortening before preterm birth would not differ according to clinical presentation. We analyzed data from a completed study of paired ...
Gold Nina B - - 2011
Limb deficiencies, the congenital absence or hypoplasia of a long bone and/or digits, vary greatly in their anatomy and etiology. Previous attempts to classify the range of possible phenotypes have not included all types of deficiencies. We present a new classification system, which includes all potential phenotypes. Infants with limb ...
Hure Alexis J - - 2011
Folate and vitamin B12 are involved in homocysteine metabolism and are critical to the methylation of DNA. We aimed to assess plasma vitamin B12 (pB12), plasma folate (pFol), and red cell folate (rcFol) in women and their infants during pregnancy and after birth. Maternal biomarkers were tested as predictors of ...
Smith Jennifer D - - 2011
Objective: To provide pharmacists with the basic knowledge to counsel caregivers in appropriate infant formula selection and use.Summary: Although the majority of infants are initially breast-fed, a transition to infant formula by the age of 6 months, either as a supplement or a replacement for human milk, is common in ...
Volpe Fernando Madalena - - 2011
To correlate international official data on Cesarean delivery rates to infant and maternal mortality rates and low weight-at-birth rates; and to test the hypothesis that Cesarean rates greater than 15% correlate to higher maternal and infant mortality rates. Analyses were based on the most recent official data (2000-2009) available for ...
Blakey Jill - - 2011
The declining normal birth rate and increasing Caesarean Section (CS) rates have been a worldwide cause for concern and debate for two decades. In the United Kingdom (UK) normal birth rates have fallen from 70 per cent in the 1970s to 46.7 per cent in 2009 (Birth Choice UK 2011). ...
Cicchetti Dante - - 2011
This investigation examined the extent to which polymorphisms of the serotonin transporter linked promoter region (5-HTTLPR) and the dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) genes differentially influenced the development of attachment security and disorganization in maltreated and nonmaltreated infants at age 13 months, and the extent to which the efficacy of preventive ...
Bae Jisuk - - 2011
This study measured the impact of shifts in maternal age and parity on the increase in the low birth weight (LBW) rate in Korea. We obtained raw data for all 6 397 945 live births registered at the Korea National Statistical Office between 1995 and 2005. We calculated the proportion ...
Al Kalbani N N The Hospital for Sick Children, Division of Nephrology, Toronto, - - 2011
We have observed infants with renal dysplasia who developed sustained hypercalcemia, without vitamin D or calcium supplementation (idiopathic). This has not been previously described. 1) Define incidence, severity and duration of idiopathic hypercalcemia in infants with renal dysplasia below 12 months of age. 2) Evaluate phosphate, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and ...
Eminoglu Tuba F - - 2011
Very-long-chain acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD) (OMIM #201475) is an autosomal recessive disorder of fatty acid oxidation. Major phenotypic expressions are hypoketotic hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, cardiomyopathy, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis, elevated creatinine kinase, and lipid infiltration of liver and muscle. At the same time, it is a rare cause of Sudden Infant ...
Abdul-Razzak Khalid K - - 2011
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among healthy infants and toddlers in Irbid, Jordan as well as its associated factors. Methods: A total of 275 subjects (136 infants and 139 toddlers) age 6-36 months were participated in this study. Information concerning socio-demographic characterastics and early feeding patterns ...
Badakhsh Mohammad H - - 2011
Background. To evaluate the impact of mild to moderate maternal zinc deficiency on birth weight of offsprings in a group of Iranian pregnant population. Materials and Methods. One hundred forty pregnant subjects with no history of medical complications during pregnancy and without any inter-current illness enrolled in the study. Serum zinc concentration, ...
Schiller Ofer - - 2011
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is caused by an imbalance of von Willebrand factor and its cleaving protease, which leads to the formation of microthrombi in end-organs. It rarely occurs in the pediatric population. Plasma exchange can significantly reduce mortality and morbidity. We present a 14-month-old infant in whom clinical and laboratory ...
Kotani Yasushi - - 2011
We report a mother and newborn in the puerperium with hemorrhage secondary to factor VIII inhibitor. A 31-year-old gravida 1 para 1 delivered at a local clinic with a massive postpartum hemorrhage. The activated partial thromboplastin time was prolonged and factor VIII inhibitor was detected. The persistent hemorrhage improved following ...
McGoey Robin R - - 2011
A neonate with elevated tetradecenoylcarnitine (C14:1) on the newborn screen was evaluated for possible very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD) and found to be a carrier. However, his symptom-free mother was subsequently diagnosed with VLCADD. This documents maternal VLCADD causing a positive newborn screening result in an offspring.
Gibson Rosalind S RS Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. - - 2011
Micronutrient-fortified, cereal-based infant foods are recommended for reducing multiple micronutrient deficiencies in low-income countries, but their nutritional quality is not always optimal. In a double-blind randomized trial, we compared the efficacy of a locally produced porridge based on maize, beans, bambaranuts, and groundnuts fortified with 19 (rich) or 9 (basal) ...
Jain Vandana - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency with a resurgence of rickets and tetany are increasingly being reported in young infants from temperate regions, African Americans and also from India. The data on vitamin D status of healthy term breastfed Indian infants and mothers are scant. Therefore, we undertook this study to determine the ...
Jacob Francois D - - 2011
Pontocerebellar hypoplasia consists of a rare heterogeneous group of congenital neurodevelopmental disorders. It is characterized by hypoplasia and atrophy of the cerebellar cortex, dentate nuclei, pontine nuclei, and inferior olives. We present an 18-month-old infant with pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 3 and severe vitamin A deficiency. This case emphasizes the significance ...
Kulkarni Bharati - - 2011
Increased energy requirement during lactation may lead to maternal tissue depletion in women from poor subsistence communities. To examine the regional body composition changes in undernourished lactating women and to assess the relationship of maternal body composition changes with weight gain of the infants. Subjects and Body composition was assessed ...
Phillips Alyssa K - - 2011
Maternal minority status is a risk factor for iron deficiency in infancy and pregnancy. Because language and cultural differences may limit research participation, a prospective study examining iron deficiency included maternal minority status as an inclusionary criterion. Cognizant of potential barriers to recruitment, goals were to quantify eligible Latina enrollees ...
Emder Phillip John - - 2011
Mild iodine deficiency is a recognised problem in Australia and New Zealand. However, iodine excess can cause hypothyroidism in some infants. We highlight two cases which illustrate the risks of excess dietary iodine intake during pregnancy and breastfeeding. They also describe a cultural practice of consuming seaweed soup to promote ...
Leydiker K B - - 2011
Prior to the advent of expanded newborn screening, sudden and unexplained death was often the first and only symptom of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD). With the use of tandem mass spectrometry, infants can now be identified and treated before a life threatening metabolic decompensation occurs. Newborn screening has also ...
Mactier H - - 2011
Background Preterm infants have reduced liver stores of vitamin A at birth compared to term born infants. Current guidelines recommend an intake of 700-1500 IU/kg/day vitamin A, and there is evidence to support higher doses for infants with significant lung disease. The importance of appropriate early nutrition for preterm infants ...
Beaino Ghada - - 2011
To assess cerebral lesions and other medical as well as social characteristics as predictors of risk of mild and severe cognitive deficiencies in very preterm infants. As part of the EPIPAGE population-based prospective cohort study, perinatal data and cognitive outcome at 5 years of age were recorded for 1503 infants ...
Kositamongkol S - - 2011
Objective:To determine vitamin A and vitamin E status in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants at the time of birth (TB), at the time of full feeding (TFF) and at term postmenstrual age (TT).Study Design:An observational study was conducted in VLBW infants. Plasma retinol and α-tocopherol levels were measured at ...
Savino F - - 2011
Background/Objectives:To assess bone status using quantitative ultrasound (QUS) applied to the second metacarpus and to evaluate the influence of vitamin D supplementation on bone mineralization in exclusively breast-fed infants.Subjects/Methods:Seventy seven healthy exclusively breast-fed infants aged <12 months underwent QUS evaluation with QUS DBM Sonic Aurora IGEA (MO, Italy), which measures ...
Dror Daphna K - - 2011
There is little information on the contribution of modifiable vs nonmodifiable factors to maternal and neonatal vitamin D status in temperate regions of the United States. The purpose of this cross-sectional observation study conducted between December 2006 and February 2008 was to identify associations between observed and measured maternal characteristics ...
Tebbi Cameron K - - 2011
ABSTRACT A case of a premature infant with lactic acidosis and hepatic iron accumulation, born to a mother with multiple fetal demises, is presented and discussed by both clinician and pathologist, in this traditional clinico-pathologic conference. The discussion includes the differential diagnoses of lactic acidosis and hepatic iron accumulation in ...
Hinde Katie - - 2011
To understand the evolutionary forces that have shaped primate lactation strategies, it is important to understand the proximate mechanisms of milk synthesis and their ecological and phylogenetic contexts. The lactation strategy of a species has four interrelated dimensions: the frequency and duration of nursing bouts, the period of lactation until ...
Nuwaha Fred - - 2011
Teso sub-region of Eastern Uganda had superior indices of childhood survival during the period 1959 to 1969 compared to the national average. We analysed the reasons that could explain this situation with a view of suggesting strategies for reducing childhood mortality. We compared the childhood mortalities and their average annual ...
Ho Gladys - - 2011
Riboflavin, or vitamin B2, is a precursor to flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and flavin mononucleotide (FMN) molecules, required in biological oxidation-reduction reactions. We previously reported a case of a newborn female who had clinical and biochemical features of multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenation deficiency (MADD), which was corrected by riboflavin supplementation. The ...
Resch Bernhard - - 2011
This review focuses on the burden of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in preterm infants with and without chronic lung disease (bronchopulmonary dysplasia, BPD). The year-to-year and seasonal variations in RSV activity are key aspects of RSV epidemiology, and knowledge/monitoring of local RSV activity is mandatory for guidance of prophylaxis ...
Costa-Orvay Juan Antonio - - 2011
To determine the effects of high dietary protein and energy intake on the growth and body composition of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Thirty-eight VLBW infants whose weights were appropriate for their gestational ages were assessed for when they could tolerate oral intake for all their nutritional needs. Thirty-two ...
Acuna-Soto Rodolfo - - 2011
The 1918 influenza pandemic was a major epidemiological event of the twentieth century resulting in at least twenty million deaths worldwide; however, despite its historical, epidemiological, and biological relevance, it remains poorly understood. Here we examine the relationship between annual pneumonia and influenza death rates in the pre-pandemic (1910-17) and ...
Griffin Richard - - 2011
The ability to determine an infant's likelihood of developing autism via a relatively simple neurological measure would constitute an important scientific breakthrough. In their recent publication in this journal, Bosl and colleagues claim that a measure of EEG complexity can be used to detect, with very high accuracy, infants at ...
Khounnorath Sengmanivong S Department of Pediatrics, Mahosot Hospital, and Faculty of Postgraduate Studies, University of Health Sciences, Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic - - 2011
Beriberi occurs in Vientiane, Lao PDR, among breastfed infants. Clinical disease may be the tip of an iceberg with subclinical thiamin deficiency contributing to other illnesses. Thiamin treatment could improve outcome. A cohort of 778 sick infants admitted during one year without clinical evidence of beriberi were studied prospectively and ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2011
Precooked, instant (dry) infant cereals in the US are fortified with electrolytic iron, a source of low reactivity and suspected low bioavailability. Iron from ferrous fumarate is presumed to be more available. In this study, we compared a dry infant rice cereal (Cereal L) fortified with electrolytic iron (54.5 mg ...
Mukhopadhyay Kanya - - 2010
Objective. To determine body iron stores at birth in term small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants as compared to appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants. Methods. In this prospective study, mother-infant pairs with gestation of ≥37 weeks and birth weight of at least 1.5 kg were enrolled. Asymmetric SGA infants were taken as cases and term AGA infants ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2010
This report presents 2008 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, attendant at birth, method of delivery, and infant characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, and multiple births). Birth and ...
Schierholz Elizabeth - - 2010
Subgaleal hemorrhage is an uncommon but often fatal complication of a traumatic birth. Careful assessment and monitoring of the infant following birth are necessary to ensure prompt intervention, referral, and improved outcomes. Additional care, planning, and communication are especially important in the transport environment.
Capozzi L - - 2010
In an observational cohort of 385 infants, we have investigated the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) levels and iron stores and the type of milk feeding [breast milk (BM), formula milk (FM), cow's milk (CM), age and type of weaning, and socioeconomic status] at 8 and 12 months of age. Levels ...
Hwang Jin-Bok - - 2010
This study aimed to identify 'objective' differential factors for normal frequent loose stool (NFLS) and diarrheal illness with dehydration and nutritional deficiency (DIDN) among infants with chronic frequent loose stool (CFLS). Data were analyzed from infants under 2 years of age with CFLS who had been transferred from general pediatricians. ...
Paul Rhea - - 2011
This article focuses on using currently available data to assist speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in making decisions regarding a child's eligibility and considerations for recommended "dosage" of early intervention (EI) services. Literature describing the characteristics of infants and toddlers who are likely recipients of EI services was reviewed. Current literature provides ...
Pronicka Ewa - - 2011
Deoxyguanosine kinase deficiency (dGK) is a frequent cause of the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial depletion syndrome (MDS). A group of 28 infants with severe progressive liver failure of unknown cause was recruited for post mortem search for deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) gene mutations. Four affected patients (14% of the studied group), ...
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