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Chi Donald L - - 2013
Well baby visits (WBVs) are a cornerstone of early childhood health, but few studies have examined the correlates of WBVs for socioeconomically vulnerable infants. The study objective was to identify factors related to the number of WBVs received by Medicaid-enrolled infants in the first three years of life and to ...
Meghea Cristian I - - 2013
The Michigan Maternal and Infant Health Program (MIHP) is a population-based home-visitation program providing care coordination, referrals, and visits based on a plan of care. MIHP is available to all Medicaid-eligible pregnant women and infants aged ≤1 year in Michigan. To assess the effects of MIHP participation on maternal and ...
Zickafoose Joseph S - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that infants auto-assigned to a Medicaid managed care plan would have lower primary care and higher emergency department (ED) utilization compared to infants with a chosen plan. Retrospective cohort study. Medicaid administrative data were used to identify all children 0-3 months of age at enrollment in Michigan ...
Szajewska H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: PREVENTCD, Prevent Coeliac Disease, is an international project investigating the hypothesis of possible induction of tolerance to gluten in genetically predisposed children through introducing small quantities of gluten during the period of breastfeeding. AIM: To summarise current knowledge on the possible relationship between early feeding practices and the risk ...
Marquardt Michelle L - - 2012
Copper deficiency can cause bone lesions in infants, which might be confused with child abuse. Two extremely low birth weight preterm infants had complicated medical courses requiring prolonged parenteral nutrition for short-gut syndrome, which led to the development of cholestasis. Both had spent their entire lives in the hospital. They ...
Henriksson Camilla - - 2012
ObjectiveTo update the evidence published in a previous systematic review and meta-analysis that compared the effect of breastfeeding on risk of coeliac disease (CD).Material and methodsA systematic review of observational studies published between 1966 and May 2004 on the subject was conducted in 2005. This update is a systematic review ...
Sakamoto Mineshi - - 2012
The developing brains of both fetuses and infants are susceptible to environmental contaminants. However, the contribution of breast-feeding to the element body burden in infants remains unclear. The main objective of this study was to investigate the changes in body burden of elements such as methylmercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium, and ...
Wulf K - - 2012
Current concepts on zinc requirements for premature infants rely on studies dating back more than 20 years. Given that nowadays more premature infants frequently survive we aimed to obtain recent frequency data on zinc deficiency in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.226 VLBW infants born between July 2005 and December ...
Chaffee Benjamin W - - 2012
Poor maternal zinc status has been associated with foetal loss, congenital malformations, intra-uterine growth retardation, reduced birth weight, prolonged labour and preterm or post-term deliveries. A meta-analysis completed in 2007 showed that maternal zinc supplementation resulted in a small but significant reduction in preterm birth. The purposes of this analysis ...
Samuel Tinu Mary - - 2012
Zinc (Zn) deficiency in infancy and early childhood is of public health concern in developing countries. This study aimed to longitudinally assess Zn intake of urban South Indian term infants in the first 6 months of life using measures of breast milk (BM) volume and BM Zn concentrations and, additionally, ...
Coats Debra - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that heavy metal toxicity and consumption of thiaminase-containing foods predispose to symptomatic thiamine deficiency. STUDY DESIGN: In a case-control study, thiamine diphosphate (TDP) blood concentrations were measured in 27 infants diagnosed with beriberi at a rural clinic, as well as their mothers and healthy Cambodian ...
Smolkin Tatiana - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Neonatal hearing screening occasionally fails. We noticed that infants born by cesarean delivery (CD) appeared to fail the first otoacoustic emissions (OAE) test more frequently than infants delivered vaginally (VD). This might increase maternal anxiety. We aimed to evaluate the influence of mode of delivery on failure to pass the ...
Krebs Nancy F - - 2012
The low zinc intake from human milk at ∼6 mo of age predicts the dependence on complementary foods (CF) to meet the zinc requirements of older breastfed-only infants. The objective of this study was to compare major variables of zinc homeostasis and zinc status in 9-mo-old breastfed infants who were ...
Corkins Mark R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Copper levels are primarily regulated by biliary excretion. In cholestatic patients, there is a concern that the standard dose of copper in parenteral nutrition (PN) will result in excessive copper levels. This study looked retrospectively at cholestatic infants receiving PN with measured copper levels to ascertain if this is ...
Okati Narjes - - 2012
Coastal populations with high seafood consumption in the South Caspian Sea (Iran) have a significant exposure to dietary mercury. This study assesses the biomonitoring of mercury in mothers and breastfed infants in the South Caspian Sea. The mean of mercury concentration in the hair of 93 pairs of mothers and ...
Kim Seung-Yeon - - 2012
We measured selenium, zinc, copper and manganese concentrations in the human milk of Korean mothers who gave birth to preterm infants, and compared these measurements with the recommended daily intakes. The samples of human milk were collected postpartum at week-1, -2, -4, -6, -8, and -12, from 67 mothers who ...
Gürbay Aylin - - 2012
Toxic metals are one of the significant groups of chemical contaminants that humans are exposed to by oral, inhalation, and dermal routes. Exposure to these chemicals begins with intrauterine life and continues during lactation period at the first years of life. Breastfeeding has a much more special place than other ...
Ozden Tülin Ay┼če - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the zinc status of mothers and their infants attending a well-child clinic. METHODS: Blood and hair samples were collected from infants and their mothers at 2nd, 6th,12th month after delivery. Information on infant and their mothers' dietary habits was gathered. RESULTS: Of all ...
Burjonrappa Sathyaprasad C - - 2012
Parenteral nutrition (PN) has transformed the outcome for neonates with surgical problems in the intensive care unit. Trace element supplementation in PN is a standard practice in many neonatal intensive care units. However, many of these elements are contaminants in PN solutions, and contamination levels may, in themselves, be sufficient ...
Khadem N - - 2012
Zinc deficiency can lead to clinically relevant disturbances in tissue functions and particularly important for birth weight of neonates. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between serum zinc in pregnant women and the incidence of low birth weight (<2500 g) in their newborns. This case-control study ...
Hauser Robert G - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Riata and Riata ST leads (St. Jude Medical, CA) were recalled in 2011. These leads are prone to externalized conductors. However, it is electrical malfunctions, which may result in serious adverse events, including death. OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to assess the deaths of Riata and Riata ...
Sinha Renu - - 2012
Air-Q™ intubating laryngeal airway (ILA) has been used successfully as a conduit for tracheal intubation in pediatric difficult airway. However, its use as an airway device and conduit for intubation in infants is not yet evaluated. The primary objective was to evaluate ILA as a conduit for tracheal intubation in ...
Llop Sabrina - - 2012
Vulnerability of the central nervous system to mercury is increased during early development. This study aimed to evaluate whether cord blood total mercury levels may have a negative effect on both mental and psychomotor development in a maternal-birth cohort from moderate-high fish consumption areas. Study subjects were 1,683 child participants ...
Liu Junjie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Reference intervals for clinically important elements in infants and children are rarely reported, despite their importance for accurate clinical decision-making. The exploration of such reference intervals is essential. DESIGN AND METHODS: Seven elements, including copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd), ...
Henry Sue - - 2012
2011 saw Baby Friendly Initiative (BFI) success in the towns of Blackburn with Darwen. The towns serve around 2,500 new babies a year, have significant social deprivation and mixed ethnicity. Commitment was made by the Trust and Local Authority, to progress to meeting full BFI standards by commissioning the Acute ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2012
Breast milk is the natural nutrition for infants, but in the second half of the first year of life, complementary feeding is needed. Many complementary foods contain gluten, but gluten exposure is associated with the risk of developing celiac disease (CD). CD is a disease with considerable morbidity and mortality. ...
Isama Kazuo - - 2012
The International Standard ISO 8124-3:2010 "Safety of toys-Part 3: Migration of certain elements" controls the levels of migrated eight harmful elements (antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium) from infants toys. Moreover, the Japanese Food Sanitation Law controls the levels of migrated lead from metal accessory toys. However, ...
Sellitto Maria - - 2012
Celiac disease (CD) is a unique autoimmune disorder in which the genetic factors (DQ2/DQ8) and the environmental trigger (gluten) are known and necessary but not sufficient for its development. Other environmental components contributing to CD are poorly understood. Studies suggest that aspects of gluten intake might influence the risk of ...
Cherry Nicola - - 2012
Zinc supplementation reduces the duration, severity and recurrence of diarrhoea in young children. This study examines whether zinc, found naturally in drinking water, reduced infant deaths from diarrhoea in rural Bangladesh. Information was compiled for births over two calendar years with follow-up for deaths within one year of birth. The ...
Virani Shama S Department of Pediatrics, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2012
Birth by cesarean delivery (CD) as opposed to vaginal delivery (VD) is associated with altered health outcomes later in life, including respiratory disorders, allergies and risk of developing type I diabetes. Epigenetic gene regulation is a proposed mechanism by which early life exposures affect later health outcomes. Previously, type of ...
Adil Eelam - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the airway findings in term and preterm infants with laryngomalacia. METHODS: A retrospective review of 130 patients diagnosed as having laryngomalacia at a tertiary referral center between July 2004 and August 2009 was conducted. Medical records were reviewed for ...
De Jaegere Anne P - - 2011
Aim:  To predict early nasal continuous positive airway pressure failure within the first 2 hours after birth in preterm infants. Methods:  Patient and respiratory support variables significantly associated with continuous positive airway pressure failure in the first 72 hours after birth were identified in a cohort of preterm infants < ...
Elguindi Jutta - - 2012
Cronobacter spp. have been identified as the causative agent in meningitis and necrotizing enterocolitis in premature infants which can be linked to the bacterium's desiccation resistance and persistence in powdered infant formula. In this study we examined the efficacy of copper cast alloys in contact killing of Cronobacter sakazakii following ...
Katz Eliot S - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnea in infants has a distinctive pathophysiology, natural history, and treatment compared to older children and adults. Infants have both anatomical and physiological predispositions towards airway obstruction and gas exchange abnormalities; including a superiorly-placed larynx, increased chest wall compliance, ventilation-perfusion mismatching, and ventilatory control instability. Congenital abnormalities of ...
Chua Catherine - - 2011
Maintenance of upper airway patency remains a cornerstone of adequate airway management. Although various opening manoeuvres are recommended by neonatal resuscitation guidelines, none of these have been well evaluated in newly born infants. The aim of this article was to review the available literature about airway opening manoeuvres in newborn ...
Griggs Kim M - - 2011
ABSTRACT The mechanism by which severe bronchiolitis can result in the development of recurrent childhood wheeze is unclear. However, mucosal inflammation and immune activation may play a major role. Prostaglandin (PG) E(2) has been highlighted as a possible therapeutic target for both the treatment of bronchiolitis and the prevention of ...
Weiser Giora - - 2011
We report on a 3-month-old infant, who arrived in the pediatric emergency department (ED) with a cervical cystic hygroma causing an impending compromise of the airway. We recognize that such a lesion can rapidly progress, and the judicious use of imaging in the ED may help to avoid airway compromise ...
Caldwell Patrina - - 2011
A scenario where laryngeal mask airway was used for successful resuscitation of a late preterm neonate after failed bag and mask ventilation and unsuccessful endotracheal intubation is presented. A summary of available evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of the use of laryngeal mask airway during neonatal resuscitation is also ...
Komasawa Nobuyasu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent resuscitation guidelines for infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) emphasize that rescuers should minimize the interruption of chest compressions. To that end, supraglottic devices such as laryngeal mask airway (LMAs) are suggested as a backup for airway management during infant CPR. We therefore compared the utility of the air-Q(®) LMA ...
Chou Debbie L DL California National Primate Research Center, UC Davis, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2011
Epidemiology supports a causal link between air pollutant exposure and childhood asthma, but the mechanisms are unknown. We have previously reported that ozone exposure can alter the anatomic distribution of CD25+ lymphocytes in airways of allergen-sensitized infant rhesus monkeys. Here, we hypothesized that ozone may also affect eosinophil trafficking to ...
Kim Kyung-Woo - - 2011
Ingestion of disk batteries may have serious complications such as esophageal burn, perforation, and tracheoesophageal fistula, particularly when the battery is caught in the esophagus. Proper placement of the tracheal tube is critical when tracheoesophageal fistula was occurred from esophageal impaction the battery. Endoscopy of upper gastrointestinal tract in infants ...
Hansen-Welches Lauren - - 2011
The death of an infant younger than 1 year requires a thorough scene investigation and autopsy. Most infant deaths investigated by forensic pathologists can be placed into 2 general categories: sudden infant death syndrome and accidental asphyxial deaths. Despite the fact that most infant deaths occur within these 2 categories, ...
Roehr C C - - 2011
In 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA), the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) issued new guidelines on newborn resuscitation. The new recommendations include: (1) pulse-oximetry for patient assessment during newborn resuscitation; (2) to start resuscitation of term infants with an FiO (2) of ...
Sehgal Arvind - - 2011
Background: A haemodynamically significant ductus arteriosus (HSDA) is commonly associated with morbidity in preterm infants. Aim: To study the effect of the first dose of indomethacin on coronary blood flow in preterm neonates diagnosed with an HSDA. Method: A prospective observational echocardiographic study was performed on preterm infants. A single ...
Janér Cecilia - - 2011
Background: Glucocorticoids have profound effects on lung maturation and function. In in vitro and animal models, they induce epithelial sodium channels (ENaCs) in the airway epithelium, a process that is important to perinatal lung fluid clearance. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether, in newborn infants, airway ...
Aynehchi Behrad B - - 2011
Laryngomalacia is a common source of stridor and can lead to significant upper airway obstruction and feeding disturbances in infants. We describe a unique case of supraglottic dysgenesis presenting as laryngomalacia featuring a prominent "s-shaped" epiglottis with both posterior edges fused to the right aryepiglottic fold/arytenoid complex. Although this anomaly ...
Jani J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate tracheal dimensional differences seen at birth following fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) in cases of severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and to report on their clinical follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In chest X-rays, taken within 48 h after birth, we measured the tracheal diameter at the level ...
Bober Klaudiusz - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Many studies suggest nasal continuous positive airway pressure is an effective and relatively complication-free means of respiratory support in premature infants. However, only limited data exist regarding the practical aspects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure delivery, including the best way to provide the positive airway pressure. DESIGN:: Our ...
Buxton Iain L O - - 2011
Rates of premature birth are alarming and threaten societies and healthcare systems worldwide. Premature labor results in premature birth in over 50% of cases. Preterm birth accounts for three-quarters of infant morbidity and mortality. Children that survive birth before 34 weeks gestation often face life-long disability. Current treatments for preterm ...
Gordon Bruce R - - 2011
The allergic march is a progression of atopic disease from eczema to asthma, and then to allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. It appears to be caused by a regional allergic response with breakdown of the local epithelial barrier that initiates systemic allergic inflammation. Genetic and environmental factors predispose to developing the allergic march. ...
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