Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 773
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Tammelin A - - 2000
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) is a common cause of deep sternal infections. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate staff in an operating suite for thoracic and cardiovascular surgery as a possible source of MRSE and the possibility of reducing the amount of MRSE shed into the air ...
Shemanko C S - - 2000
The clinical features of the Dowling-Meara variant of epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS-DM) can, in an infant, be indistinguishable from other severe forms of epidermolysis bullosa (EB). Two unrelated infants with no family history of skin disease are described who, within hours of birth, developed extensive blistering of skin and oral ...
Gray L - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether skin-to-skin contact between mothers and their newborns will reduce the pain experienced by the infant during heel lance. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 newborn infants were studied. INTERVENTIONS: Infants were assigned randomly to either ...
Visscher M O - - 2000
Time- and site-dependent differences in epidermal barrier properties were investigated over the first 28 days of life in healthy term newborn infants. Diapered and nondiapered skin sites were contrasted to the volar forearm of adults (mothers). Thirty-one term infants were evaluated in the hospital on postnatal day 1 and at ...
Ho D Q - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A variety of instruments are available that can objectively assess physical parameters of the skin such as strength, firmness, elasticity, hydration, and color, often undetected by clinical assessment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the physical properties of healed acute and chronic wounds using several noninvasive instruments. METHODS: Four patients with healed ...
Visscher M O - - 2000
Diaper rash is a common infant malady. This study documents the earliest stages of rash in a cohort of 31 healthy term newborns over the first 28 days of life. The diaper area was evaluated using a standardized diaper rash grading scale. The anal, buttock, genital, intertriginous, waistband, and leg ...
Doukas A G - - 2000
We have demonstrated that skin viability decreases at a measurable rate following death in an animal model. The decreased skin viability was measured by fluorescein diacetate and ethidium bromide using fluorescence emission spectroscopy. There is significant decrease of the fluorescence intensity of the fluorescein diacetate assay between the 1-4 h, ...
Schäfer A T - - 2000
Little interest has yet been focused on the development of postmortem paleness (pallor mortis). Using an opto-electronical colour measurement device, we examined pallor mortis in 126 bodies and compared these findings to the average skin colour of 72 living Caucasian volunteers. It was shown that (a) hairy skin influences the ...
Kondo N - - 2000
Eosinophils and eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) were examined in the skin lesions of 10 infants with atopic dermatitis (aged 4 months to 7 years). In all 10 patients, neutrophils and eosinophils were rarely seen in these lesions. Moreover, in the immunohistochemical study, ECP was scarcely detected in any of them. ...
Takayanagi T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In order to know the response of the skin microcirculation to local warming, we determined changes in the skin blood volume (Vol), velocity (Vel) and flow (F) by using a new laser Doppler device on newborns. METHODS: The study subjects were 39 infants whose gestational age was 34.1 +/- ...
Lund C - - 1999
There are anatomic and physiologic differences in the skin of both premature and full-term infants that place them at increased risk for skin injury and breakdown. This article reviews these differences and discusses some of the infant skin care practices that can cause injury to infant skin with preventive strategies ...
Hardman M J - - 1999
We recently demonstrated patterned stratum corneum maturation and skin barrier formation during fetal development in rodents and rabbit. The presence of skin patterning in these mammals led us to predict patterned barrier formation during human infant development. Here we extend our mammalian study and demonstrate patterned stratum corneum development and ...
Roller C G - - 1999
Kangaroo care (KC), also known as skin-to-skin care, has been described often in the nursing literature for its benefits for both preterm and fullterm infants. In this case study KC was used for a mother in a high-risk situation: eclampsia. This mother gave birth to a 34-week preterm infant, and ...
Eichenfield L F - - 1999
Recent advances in neonatology and dermatology have provided us with a better understanding of neonatal and premature infant skin. The problems associated with immature skin become evident immediately after birth and require constant attention throughout the neonatal period. As advances in neonatal care push the gestational age of viability lower, ...
Frey B - - 1999
We report on a retrospective analysis of eight episodes of toxic methaemoglobinaemia in seven premature infants after the combined exposure to prilocaine by EMLA cream (12.5 mg prilocaine) and caudal anaesthesia (5.4-6.7 mg/kg prilocaine). The causative relationship between prilocaine and the infants' deterioration came to our attention through an anonymous ...
Constantinou J C - - 1999
The study objective was to test the hypothesis that the effect of skin-to-skin (STS) holding increases the ratio of rest to activity in low birth weight preterm infants. Ten infants with birthweight < 2,000 grams were videotaped before and after STS holding. Video recordings were analyzed to determine the number ...
Maguire D P - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to learn how neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses describe the problem of skin breakdown in the extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant, examine interventions currently used to prevent and treat ELBW infant skin breakdown, and to learn how nurses describe and measure skin ...
Ng P C - - 1999
A severe case of aplasia cutis congenita in a preterm infant is described. Although major problems with thermoregulation and fluid balance were anticipated, these parameters were relatively easy to control once the patient was stabilized. Meticulous skin care and rapid formation of a membranous-like fibrous tissue layer covering the denuded ...
Pabst R C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of repeated application of an occlusive ointment on the skin of very low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: Nineteen neonates of 26 to 30 weeks gestational age were randomly assigned to receive topical Aquaphor ointment twice daily for 2 weeks or to receive standard skin ...
Jain A - - 1999
AIM: To investigate whether it would be safe to extend the currently recommended area of sampling to the whole heel in neonates. METHODS: Eighty newborn infants were studied, weight range 0.56 to 4.34 kg, gestation 24 to 42 weeks. Ultrasound scanning was used to measure the shortest distance between the ...
Kelly T E - - 1999
The finding of stippled epiphyses on a neonatal radiograph generates a wide differential diagnosis, including genetic and teratogenic causes. We report the case of a male infant with stippled epiphyses evident on neonatal radiographs in whom a typical rash of lupus erythematosus developed. The skin abnormalities in the infant resulted ...
Rice A M - - 1999
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFN) is characterized by indurated violet skin nodules and, occasionally, life-threatening hypercalcemia. Current treatments of patients with SCFN-related hypercalcemia are often only partially successful and may be associated with prolonged hypercalcemia. We now report the use of etidronate, a bisphosphonate, to control hypercalcemia in ...
Tschen J A - - 1999
Scleromyxedema is a variant of papular mucinosis characterized by fibroblast proliferation and mucin deposition in the dermis. Historically, it has been very difficult to treat and can cause significant morbidity and mortality with systemic involvement. We describe a case of a woman with scleromyxedema and systemic manifestations treated with interferon ...
Ross E V - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The impact of wiping in laser skin resurfacing has not been systematically studied. METHODS: We examined the effects of wiping during single- and multiple-pass high energy pulsed CO2 laser skin resurfacing in a farm pig. Consequences of wiping were evaluated with regard to depth of residual thermal damage, tissue ...
Shenoy M U - - 1999
Congenital megaprepuce (CMP) is a rare entity. Two infant boys presented with a tight congenital phimosis resulting in an excessively baggy, urine-filled prepuce and a swollen scrotum. Compression of the scrotum resulted in drainage of urine. We feel this to be a separate entity from a buried penis and recommend ...
Cliff S - - 1999
Angiogenesis is a recognized event in psoriasis. Previous ultrastructural studies have demonstrated lymphatic capillaries extending high into the dermal papillae. Using the novel method of fluorescence microlymphography which permits visualization of upper dermal initial lymphatics in vivo we tested the hypothesis that lymphangiogenesis exists within plaque psoriasis. Six patients underwent ...
Barrera J E - - 1998
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a severe dermatologic disorder clinically characterized by the acute onset of erythema and tenderness of the skin. Destruction of the epidermal barrier results in significant morbidity and mortality. Large erosions of mucous membrane, including the mouth and oral mucosa, are typical of toxic epidermal necrolysis. After ...
Fiala J C - - 1998
To determine the role of dendritic filopodia in the genesis of excitatory synaptic contacts and dendritic spines in hippocampal area CA1, serial section electron microscopy and three-dimensional analysis of 16 volumes of neuropil from nine male rat pups, aged postnatal day 1 (P1) through P12, were performed. The analysis revealed ...
Harpey J P - - 1998
A 25-month-old boy, born to consanguineous parents, had progressive spastic tetraplegia, and increased signal of the white matter on cerebral T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging indicative of diffuse leukodystrophy. Elevated blood and cerebrospinal fluid lactate levels pointed to a respiratory chain defect. Cytochrome-c oxidase deficiency was demonstrated in cultured skin fibroblasts ...
Feldman R - - 1998
Over the past 30 years, a variety of intervention programs for the enhancement of the neurodevelopmental status of premature infants have been implemented with confusing outcomes. In addition, diametrically different forms of therapy that rest on contrasting theories have led, paradoxically, to similar results. This article systematically examines and analyses ...
Bauer K - - 1998
Temporary skin-to-skin contact between preterm infant and the mother is increasingly used in neonatal medicine to promote bonding. It is not known at which gestational age (GA) and postnatal age skin-to-skin contact outside the incubator is a sufficiently warm environment and is tolerated by preterm infants without a decrease in ...
Williams M L - - 1998
A competent permeability barrier must be present by the end of gestation to allow for life in a terrestrial environment. Indeed, early preterm infants display serious complications of skin immaturity. Yet, regardless of their degree of prematurity, all infants quickly develop a competent barrier. To learn more about the mechanisms ...
Pradeepkumar V K - - 1998
Congenital candidiasis, especially the disseminated disease, is very uncommon but has been reported in very low birth weight infants. Five cases of congenital candidiasis, two with cutaneous type and three with systemic type, are described. All cases were symptomatic within the first 24 hours of life and none of them ...
Fox C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the development of the pH mantle of the skin in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Forty VLBW infants underwent repeated measurements of skin pH over the first month of life using a glass flat-surface pH electrode. Six skin ...
Newson T - - 1998
Infantile myofibromatosis (IM) is a distinct but rare clinicopathological entity occurring in neonates and infants. It probably represents a rare soft-tissue tumour made up of undifferentiated myofibroblasts. Its recognition is important since it can be mistaken for a malignancy when, in fact, it has a generally benign prognosis with spontaneous ...
Dutheil P - - 1998
Generalized lymphangiomatosis is an extremely rare condition with clinical features depending on the extent of involvement. We report a newborn infant with chylothorax and cutaneous lymphangiomas of unique clinical presentation. The baby required artificial ventilation, pleural drainage, low triglyceride infusions, and diet. The course was favorable, with a complete regression ...
Hasegawa T - - 1998
This paper describes a transumbilical resection and umbilical plasty for treatment of a patent omphalomesenteric duct (POMD). In a newborn infant with a POMD, a skin incision was made circumscribing the mucocutaneous junction of the protruded duct. The duct was completely extirpated with a wedge resection of the connection to ...
Higaki S - - 1998
The Staphylococcus species present in microbiological samples from the facial skin of 10 infants with atopic dermatitis and eight healthy infants were studied. S. aureus colonization was detected on the cheek and nose skin of most of the infants with atopic dermatitis (9/10 and 7/10, respectively). Among the coagulase-negative staphylococci ...
Choate K A - - 1998
Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is a life-threatening disorder characterized clinically by massive generalized hyperkeratosis and ultrastructurally by an absence of lamellar bodies. However, infants who survive the perinatal period develop a phenotype resembling the nonbullous ichthyosiform erythrodermic (CIE) form of autosomal recessive ichthyosis. We studied a child with a severe hyperkeratotic ...
Ley R D - - 1997
Two groups of 30 dorsally shaved opossums (Monodelphis domestica) were exposed three times per week for 81 weeks to 250 J/m2 of UV radiation from FS40 sunlamps (approximately 150 J/m2 of UV radiation B; UV-B), or to 2.5 x 10(4) J/m2 of UV radiation A (UV-A) from filtered F40BLB fluorescent ...
Puvabanditsin S - - 1997
A 2320-g male infant was delivered at 35 weeks gestation to a mother who had polyhydramnios. He had a combination of congenital localized absence of skin, unilateral hydronephrosis, and hydroureter due to ureterovesical obstruction, and nonbilious vomiting due to pyloric atresia. Blistering of the skin developed after birth. Epidermolysis bullosa ...
Treadwell P A - - 1997
Benign dermatoses in newborns must be distinguished from more serious disorders with cutaneous manifestations. Erythema toxicum neonatorum, transient neonatal pustular melanosis, sucking blister, miliaria and mongolian spots are among the many benign skin conditions that can occur in newborns. Recognition of these dermatoses allows the physician to proceed appropriately, reassure ...
Annessi G - - 1997
We describe a transient figurate erythema in an 11-month-old female infant with a 2-month history of arcuate and annular erythematous lesions localized on the face, trunk, and limbs. Constitutional symptoms were absent. Previous medical history was unremarkable. Full blood examination, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, antistreptolysin-O titer, anti-Ro, and anti-La antibodies were ...
Cleary G M - - 1997
Skin-to-skin contact has been implemented recently to facilitate maternal-infant bonding of preterm infants. The technique allows the removal of fragile preterm infants from an incubator to the bare chest of a parent or caretaker. When specific guidelines are followed, thermal stability can be maintained, parent-infant bonding can be facilitated, and ...
Basarab T - - 1997
We report an infant with Herlitz junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) presenting at birth with erosions on the scalp, thigh and periumbilical area in addition to nail abnormalities. Ultrastructural studies demonstrated a split through the lamina lucida with poorly formed hemidesmosomes and no clearly defined subbasal dense plates. Indirect immunofluorescence staining ...
Singleton J K - - 1997
Skin disruptions account for 20% to 30% of pediatric primary care visits [1]. These disruptions may result from skin infections, inflammatory responses, insect bites, and infestations. This article focuses on the identification and management of skin disruptions related to inflammatory dermatoses. The most common dermatoses in infancy are seborrheic dermatitis, ...
Haro H - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: Immunohistologic analysis was performed on surgically removed samples of herniated nucleus pulposus to examine the expression of stromelysin-1. We performed in vitro and in vivo experiments to determine whether recombinant human (rh) stromelysin-1 is capable of degrading nucleus pulposus. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the production of stromelysin-1 in various ...
Elibol O - - 1997
In this prospective study, microdrops (mean drop volume 5.6 microl) and commercially available standard drops (mean drop volume 35.4 microl) of cyclopentolate, phenylephrine and tropicamide's clinical efficacy and systemic side effects were compared. Sixty-one infants requiring diagnostic pupil dilatation were studied for pupillary diameter, systemic blood pressure, heart rate and ...
Strickland M E - - 1997
This study evaluated the effects of an occlusive (OpSite Flexigrid) dressing on bacterial growth over excoriated and the surrounding intact skin of eight premature infants. Cultures were obtained before placement and four days after dressing placement. An analysis of variance demonstrated significant increases in coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and overall total skin. ...
Martin H - - 1997
To elucidate early postnatal changes in skin microcirculation, term newborn infants were studied at 2, 6 and 24 h after vaginal delivery (VD, n = 20) or elective caesarean section (CS, n = 10). Laser Doppler technique was used to measure perfusion, rhythmical perfusion changes, i.e. vasomotion, and reactive hyperaemia ...
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