Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 772
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Kamat Maithili - - 2003
The use of disposable diapers has offered improved health care benefits. Urine and fecal matter leakage from the cloth nappies and the hand-to-mouth behavior in infants leads to many illnesses with a feco-oral mode of transmission. Also, the tender skin of the infant is more prone to nappy rash. The ...
Uhoda Emmanuelle - - 2003
Ashiness describes a common physiological skin condition that may develop in people with dark skin complexion. Environmental influences, particularly cold and dry weather, seem obvious. This condition has seldom been studied so far. In the present study, skin ashiness was assessed in 37 black African women by means of colorimetric ...
Karri V - - 2003
Extending the fascial incision underlying the circumbilical approach to the shape of an 'inverted T' permits easy delivery of the pyloric tumour for Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy. This modification was used in 51 consecutive infants (42 male, 9 female) with a mean age of 4.7 weeks. Extension of the skin incision or ...
Rowen Judith L - - 2003
Mucocutaneous infection with Candida in neonates ranges from such common conditions as thrush and diaper dermatitis to serious diseases with potential for systemic involvement, including congenital candidiasis and invasive fungal dermatitis. In premature infants, seemingly benign mucocutaneous involvement may precede systemic infection and thus warrants thoughtful attention. Skin involvement also ...
Harris Ann H - - 2003
This case report describes a 4350-gram male infant of 38 weeks gestation who was placed on extracorporeal life support. On day 4 of life, a large bilateral ecchymotic area involving the scapula and extending to the mid sacral-lumbar-thoracic area was noted, placing the infant at significant risk for pressure ulcer ...
Anderson Gene Cranston - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the type and percent time of contact 0-48 hours postbirth for mother-preterm newborn (infant) dyads given kangaroo care (skin-to-skin) or standard care (controls). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with assignment by computerized minimization to kangaroo care (n = 48) or control (n = 43). SETTING: Postpartum units and ...
Shirakabe Yukio - - 2003
Traditionally, Asians have been thought to age more gracefully than Caucasians. The resistance to aging in the Asian patient was credited to the thicker dermis of Asian skin that contains greater collagen and the darker pigment that protects against photoaging. Although these statements are true, the authors propose a new ...
Prasad H R Y - - 2003
Diaper dermatitis, also know as nappy rash, is an inflammation of the skin covered by nappy. It probably results due to an interaction of multiple factors like increased wetness, elevated pH due to urine, fecal enzymes and microorganisms under the nappy. It manifests as an erythematous rash occurring on the ...
Adachi Masao - - 2003
We diagnosed Pallister-Mosaic syndrome (PMS) in a 4-month-old female infant. In addition to the presence of non-specific anomalies, involving anorectal, finger and ear anomalies, characteristic cranio-facial features and irregular skin lesions that appeared after age 2 months suggested the possibility of genetic mosaicism, PMS in particular. Fluorescence in situ hybridization ...
Tapia-Rombo Carlos Antonio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Although sponge bathing is a routine practice in preterm newborn infants, there is evidence suggesting that this procedure is not always innocuous. The objective of this study was to determine whether the sponge bath induces significant changes in vital signs, skin coloration, behavior and peripheral oxygen saturation in the ...
Sethuraman Gomathy - - 2003
Lipoid proteinosis is an autosomally recessive genodermatosis characterized by widespread deposition of eosinophilic hyaline-like material in the skin, mucous membranes, and other internal organs. Occurrence of lipoid proteinosis in siblings is very rare. We report two siblings from the Indian subcontinent with the classical features of lipoid proteinosis. Both the ...
Rojas Mario A - - 2003
We performed this randomized trial to determine whether infants receiving skin-to-skin care (SSC) grew more rapidly and had a shorter duration of hospital stay compared with infants held by their parents in a traditional way. Infants who met eligibility criteria (<or=32 wk of gestation, <or=1500 g, minimal ventilatory support, and ...
Zvulunov Alex - - 2003
A 1.5-year-old infant was referred because of spreading skin lesions diagnosed earlier as cutaneous leishmaniasis that did not respond to repeated courses with paromomycin-containing ointment. After consideration of the alternative therapeutic options, the infant was treated with a topical colloidal solution of amphotericin B for 3 weeks, This mode of ...
Denys Adelle - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This case report describes a unique splinting design used on a 6 month-old infant with a grade II heel pressure sore. Traditional methods of attaining pressure relief such as gel pads and repositioning may benefit an inactive, relatively healthy child. However, a 6 month-old infant who is actively at ...
Weller Aron - - 2003
Behavioral-pharmacological research in infant rats supports the role of cholecystokinin (CCK) and opioid peptides in mediating early learning of new associations with aspects of the nest and dam, such as maternal odor, milk, and contact. The current paper reviews research that examines the hypothesis that these neuropeptide systems are further ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2003
The effects of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact (Kangaroo Care; KC) on autonomic functioning, state regulation, and neurobehavioural status was examined in 70 preterm infants, half of whom received KC over 24.31 days (SD 7.24) for a total of 29.76 hours (SD 12.86). Infants were matched for sex (19 males and 16 ...
Carlson Mark A - - 2003
PURPOSE: Fibroblast survival within an in vitro collagen matrix is dependent on matrix anchorage to a rigid substratum. The purpose of this study was to determine whether granulation tissue survival in vivo also is dependent on matrix anchorage. We hypothesized that splinting an excisional wound (i.e., anchoring the wound edges) ...
Rodgers Ku'ulei - - 2003
In situ trampling occurred under experimental conditions to quantify the differences in the responses to anthropogenic trampling in four dominant species of Hawaiian corals, Porites compressa, Porites lobata, Montipora capitata, and Pocillopora meandrina. Trampling was simulated daily for a period of nine days at which time further breakage was minimal. ...
Dorko E - - 2003
Occurrence of Candida spp. was determined in a population of 60 infants, 1-15-month-old, with diaper dermatitis, admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit in Hospital Saca (Kosice, Slovakia). Specimens were obtained from the perianal, pubic, inguinal, or gluteal areas that showed signs of secondary infection as manifested by erythema, oozing, ...
Smith Sandra Lee - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Heart rate has been used to measure infants' physiological stability during skin-to-skin holding. Variability in heart period (interbeat interval), a more sensitive measure of autonomic nervous system tone, has not. OBJECTIVE: To describe heart period variability in intubated very-low-birth-weight infants during incubator care and during maternal skin-to-skin holding. DESIGN/METHODS: ...
Bystrova K - - 2003
AIM: To evaluate how different delivery-ward routines influence temperature in newborn infants. METHODS: A total of 176 newborn mother-infant pairs were included in a randomized study. The babies were kept skin-to-skin on the mother's chest (Skin-to-skin group), held in their mother's arms, being either swaddled or clothed (Mother's arms group), ...
Pall Brian - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to measure the corneal thickness changes associated with wearing 30-day tisilfocon A (Dk = 163) and 6-day etafilcon A (Dk = 28) contact lenses. The probable cause of the outcomes is discussed. METHODS: Thirty subjects were fitted with Menicon Z rigid gas-permeable (RGP) contact lenses ...
Haveman Lianne M - - 2003
Two premature infants with very low birth weight were diagnosed with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) during hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit. This syndrome which is rare in premature infants, is characterized by blistering and superficial desquamation of the skin and is caused by two epidermolytic toxins (ETA ...
Anderson G C - - 2003
Early skin-to-skin contact involves placing the naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest at birth or soon afterwards (< 24 hour). This could represent a 'sensitive period' for priming mothers and infants to develop a synchronous, reciprocal, interaction pattern, provided they are together and in intimate contact. Routine separation ...
Kennell J H JH Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. - - 2003
In a randomized trial, Bystrova et al. examined the traditional neonatal practice of swaddling. They demonstrated that extended skin-to-skin contact with the mother is the most effective way to maintain the infant's temperature and decrease the "stress of being born". Only through research such as that reported by Bystrova et ...
Toole John - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To comparatively assess the irritation and sensitisation of the Estradot transdermal oestrogen patch, in healthy postmenopausal women, using the Menorest transdermal oestrogen patch, as a comparator. METHODS: In an open-label, single-centre, randomised, active-treatment, within-patient controlled study, 208 healthy postmenopausal women, age range 40-70 years, received and completed simultaneous treatment ...
Marchini G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Peptide antibiotics are part of the surface defences against microbial intruders. However, the presence and significance of these innate immune effectors in the skin barrier of the newborn infant have not yet been appreciated. Erythema toxicum neonatorum is an inflammatory skin reaction of unknown aetiology and significance, commonly present ...
Hernes Knut G - - 2002
Skin conductance changes (SCC) reflect the activity in the sympathetic postganglionic cholinergic fibers, which innervate the sweat glands located in the palm of the hand and the sole of the foot. The purpose of this study was to measure the changes in the number of waves per second, the wave ...
Sneineh A Kareem Abu - - 2002
The relationship between a sacral skin dimple and an underlying intraspinal abnormality was assessed in 50 consecutive neonates and young infants who were referred to the authors' institution for ultrasonography of the spine because of the presence of a sacral skin dimple. There were 24 girls and 26 boys, with ...
Orozco-Covarrubias Luz - - 2002
An infant with self-healing, multifocal cutaneous infantile myofibromatosis with leg-length discrepancy as a sequela is reported. This condition should be suspected in infants with one or more firm or hard nodules in the skin, subcutaneous tissue, bone, muscle, or viscera. The histopathologic picture is diagnostic. Treatment and prognosis depend on ...
Andrews K A - - 2002
There are few studies on visceral pain in infants, despite its clinical importance. We have used the abdominal skin reflex (ASR) to measure changes in abdominal sensitivity in the presence of visceral pathology in infants. The reflex was elicited by applying calibrated von Frey hairs to each side of the ...
Oh Daniel - - 2002
A case of angioinvasive cutaneous mucormycosis in a premature infant, eventually requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy, is described. The fungal infection began at the site of a brachial artery catheter that had been covered with an adhesive dressing in the left antecubital fossa. The infection progressed rapidly over a 5-day ...
Visscher Marty O - - 2002
The skin forms a critical structural boundary and a perceptual interface for the organism, yet the definition "healthy skin" is surprisingly difficult to describe. The present study's goal was to generate a technical definition of healthy infant skin by quantifying specific biophysical parameters before and after bathing in infants and ...
Lee Chan-Woo - - 2002
Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is a rare, hereditary, chronic, non-inflammatory mechanobullous disease. Esophageal involvement is invariable in RDEB patients. A 15-year-old girl visited with protracted vesiculobullous skin eruptions since birth. On physical examination, bullae, atrophic scars, milia, crusts and erosions were noted primarily on the distal extremities. Loss of ...
Büyükgebiz Benal - - 2002
Lichenoid drug eruptions are skin reactions associated with a number of drugs and chemicals. They are rare in infants. We report here an infant who presented with neonatal hepatitis and who was being treated with ursodeoxycholic acid. The infant developed lichenoid skin eruptions in the third week of the therapy. ...
Tyebkhan Gulrez - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Using a proper cleanser for bathing neonatal and infant skin is of prime importance considering the anatomical differences with regard to adult skin. Choosing the right cleanser requires knowledge of the composition of a cleanser as well as the properties of the individual ingredients. METHODS: The article discusses the ...
Kang Nam-Gyu - - 2002
Solitary mastocytoma is an uncommon disease characterized by monotonous infiltrations of mast cells that extend from papillary dermis to subcutaneous fat. They usually resolve by adulthood, and there is no satisfactory treatment other than waiting. A two-month-old Korean male infant with deep solitary mastocytoma was treated intralesionally with triamcinolone acetonide. ...
Bührer C - - 2002
In preterm newborn infants, topical iodine-containing antiseptics disturb thyroid hormone regulation while alcohol-based disinfectants may cause local burns. We therefore investigated the use of an aqueous solution containing 0.1% octenidine and 2% 2-phenoxyethanol for skin disinfection during the first seven days of life in premature newborns with a gestational age ...
Rukwied Roman - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although pruritus is common in scalp skin, the forearm has been the main site for investigation in previous experimental studies. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the sensitivity to pruritic stimuli in human scalp and forearm skin. METHODS: Four microdialysis fibers were inserted intradermally into scalp (n = 10) ...
Stoeckelhuber Mechthild - - 2002
The human mammary gland undergoes a sequence of histological changes in both epithelial and stromal compartments during the menstrual cycle. Swelling and unswelling of the breast stromal tissue is a characteristic feature of the two phases of the cycle and is mediated by changes in the water content of sulfated ...
Badkar Advait V - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to establish the delivery parameters for the enhanced transdermal delivery of dextran sulfate (MW 5000 Da). Full-thickness pig skin or epidermis separated from human cadaver skin was used. Silver-silver chloride electrodes were used to deliver the current (0.5 mA cm-2). For electroporation experiments, one ...
Sabba Robert P - - 2002
Maturation of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tuber native and wound periderm and development of resistance to periderm abrasion were investigated utilizing cytological and histochemical techniques. Both native and wound periderm consist of three different tissues: phellem, phellogen and phelloderm. It was previously determined that the phellogen walls of immature native ...
Flaitz Catherine M - - 2002
The mucosal calcified nodule is a rare oral lesion that has a predilection for the young child. This case report describes an infant with a persistent and tender gingival swelling associated with an unerupted, maxillary central incisor. Besides a differential diagnosis for this entity, the causes of abnormal calcium deposits ...
Hoeger Peter H - - 2002
Although neonatal and adult epidermis are similar with respect to thickness and lipid composition, skin development is not complete at birth. Previous studies indicate that the skin undergoes a process of adaptation and maturation postnatally. Postnatal skin physiology has not yet been evaluated comprehensively in a prospective study. We assessed ...
Nanda Soni - - 2002
Pustular eruptions are commonly encountered in neonatal practice. Much confusion exists among clinicians because of the similarity in clinical lesions, paucity of relevant literature, and varied nomenclature used for these diseases. This often results in inappropriate diagnoses and therapies, besides subjecting the neonates to invasive and traumatic investigative procedures. We ...
Amagai Masayuki - - 2002
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome and its localized form, bullous impetigo, show superficial epidermal blister formation caused by exfoliative toxin A or B produced by Staphylococcus aureus. Recently we have demonstrated that exfoliative toxin A specifically cleaves desmoglein 1, a desmosomal adhesion molecule, that when inactivated results in blisters. In this ...
Turksen Kursad - - 2002
A defective epidermal permeability barrier (EPB) in premature birth remains a leading cause of neonatal death as a result of its associated complications, which include poor temperature stability, infection by micro-organisms through the skin, and the outflow of water. Despite its importance in survival, the mechanisms involved in the formation ...
Stephens Rockne - - 2002
The immature skin of premature infants is functionally less effective than the skin of full-term infants and therefore more vulnerable to injury. This article discusses the use of a biologic wound healing agent--bilayered cellular matrix--to heal a denuded hip wound in a premature infant. The treatment involved a compassionate use, ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2002
The effect of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact (kangaroo care, or KC) on self-regulatory processes of premature infants was studied. Seventy-three infants who received KC were compared with 73 infants matched for birth weight, gestational age, medical risk, and family demographics. State organization was measured in 10-s epochs over 4 hr before ...
Shimada Miki - - 2002
The mRNA of a sulfotransferase (St2b2) mediating cholesterol sulfation was detected in mouse skin. Recombinant St2b2 also mediated the sulfation of pregnenolone, 3beta-hydroxy-5-cholen-24-oic acid, and dehydroepiandrosterone. St2b2 protein was detected in skin cytosols on Western blotting. The addition of 10 nM TPA to skin epidermal cells from newborn mice resulted ...
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