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Shin Helen T - - 2005
Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin disorders in infants. The humid, moist environment under the diaper makes the skin more susceptible to injury from exposure to irritants particularly related to urine and feces. A gentle cleansing routine, frequent diaper changes, and a thick barrier cream help control ...
Ishida-Yamamoto Akemi - - 2005
Lympho-epithelial Kazal-type-related inhibitor (LEKTI) is a putative serine protease inhibitor encoded by serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type 5 (SPINK5). It is strongly expressed in differentiated keratinocytes in normal skin but expression is markedly reduced or absent in Netherton syndrome (NS), a severe ichthyosis caused by SPINK5 mutations. At present, however, both ...
Park Jung Hun - - 2005
Human skin color shows variations throughout life and influenced by various factors such as race, sex, age and hormones. Since the development of spectrophotometer, many studies on human skin color have been done. However, few studies have been carried out to measure the skin color of neonatal infants. The aim ...
Kledzik Teresa - - 2005
Skin-to-skin holding has been reported as a valuable intervention for preterm infants for over a decade. However, many neonatal intensive care units are not practicing this therapy and cite lack of protocols and techniques as a barrier. This article describes in detail the nursing considerations and techniques involved to successfully ...
Matsumoto Kenji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Physiological and pathological skin eruptions are commonly encountered in neonates in our clinical practice. However, the types of skin eruptions that are associated with the subsequent development of atopic dermatitis and the mechanisms of these associations remain uncertain. METHODS: A total of 105 newborn babies with normal delivery were ...
Hornik Christoph - - 2005
Reciprocal epithelio-mesenchymal interactions between the prospective epidermis and the underlying dermis are the major driving forces in the development of skin appendages. Feather development is initiated by a still unknown signal from the dermis in feather-forming skin. The morphological response of the ectoderm to this signal is the formation of ...
Boisnic Sylvie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinaldehyde and glycolic acid RALGA (Diacneal) are both effective in the topical treatment of acne. A decrease in the postinflammatory pigmentation has been observed after application of Diacneal during 3 months. AIM: To verify the effect of this association on pigmentation using an original model of surviving human skin. ...
Hirsch Adina C - - 2005
The objective of this work was to study the mechanisms of action of iontophoresis and electroporation and their interaction effects on delivery of tacrine hydrochloride in vitro across intact and stripped rat skin. Experiments were done according to a full factorial design, to quantify the effects of iontophoresis (X1), electroporation ...
de SobralCintra R J - - 2004
Abnormal gastric motility function could be related to gastric electrical uncoupling, the lack of electrical, and respectively mechanical, synchronization in different regions of the stomach. Therefore, non-invasive detection of the onset of gastric electrical uncoupling can be important for diagnosing associated gastric motility disorders. The aim of this study is ...
Sekkat N - - 2004
The objective was to develop an in vitro model for the developing skin of the premature neonate. Barriers of different levels of efficiency were produced by differentially tape-stripping the stratum corneum (SC) from the skin of excised porcine ears, and were characterized by measurements of transepidermal water loss (TEWL). In ...
Mouchet Francoise - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis among infants, family members, and healthcare workers (HCWs) who were exposed to a 29-week-old premature infant with congenital tuberculosis, diagnosed at 102 days of age. DESIGN: A prospective exposure investigation using tuberculin skin test (IST conversion was conducted. Contacts underwent ...
Mizuno K - - 2004
AIM: To determine the effects of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth on infant recognition of their own mother's milk odour and breastfeeding duration until 1 y of age. METHODS: Sixty healthy, full-term neonates were randomly assigned to group A with skin-to-skin contact and group B without. One and 4 ...
Porter R H - - 2004
Infant-mother bodily contact is believed to be the species-typical pattern of immediate postpartum child care. Mothers and newborns engage in mutually beneficial interactions. Maternal odours stimulate breastfeeding activity and are implicated in individual recognition. Skin-to-skin contact and exposure to maternal odours facilitate infants' adaptation to the early postnatal environment.
Haveman L M - - 2004
A case of congenital staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) with fatal outcome in a premature infant is reported. An intrauterine infection with Staphylococcus aureus was probably the cause for the fulminant course of the disease. Despite adequate antibiotic treatment, the infant died within 24 h after birth because of respiratory ...
Puvabanditsin Surasak - - 2005
We report on an infant with severe asphyxia and persistent pulmonary hypertension as a newborn. The baby received prolonged intravenous calcium gluconate therapy for hypocalcemia. At 5 weeks of age, multiple firm, indurated areas (armor-like lesions) were palpable in the subcutaneous tissues of the trunk, arms, legs, and face, particularly ...
Barratt Martin D - - 2004
Relationships between the structure and properties of chemicals can be programmed into knowledge-based systems such as DEREK for Windows (DEREK is an acronym for "Deductive Estimation of Risk from Existing Knowledge"). The DEREK for Windows computer system contains a subset of over 60 rules describing chemical substructures (toxophores) responsible for ...
Rao Jaggi - - 2004
The harlequin color change is an unusual cutaneous phenomenon observed in newborn infants as transient, benign episodes of a sharply demarcated erythema on half of the infant, with simultaneous contralateral blanching. In this report, two newborns with congenital heart anomalies demonstrated the harlequin color change, one whose skin findings showed ...
Culic Srdjana - - 2004
We present a very rare congenital immunologic disease, severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCID) in 6-months-old-boy with prolonged mucocutaneous candidiasis, severe anaemia, skin rash similar to the infiltrative eczema of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and subcutaneous nodules with histiocytic infiltration. Laboratory findings show profound absence of humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Pathology ...
Zoric M - - 2004
A group of 175 newborn piglets were monitored with respect to development of abrasions and lameness. Lameness was diagnosed in 10.9% of the piglets. About every second litter was affected and around 75% of these diagnoses took place during the first 3 weeks of life. Skin lesions were present already ...
Patel Girish K - - 2004
Humans are a natural reservoir for Staphylococcal aureus. Colonization begins soon after birth and predisposes to infection. S. aureus is one of the most common causes of skin infection, giving rise to folliculitis, furunculosis, carbuncles, ecthyma, impetigo, cellulitis and abscesses. In addition, S. aureus may cause a number of toxin-mediated ...
Darmstadt Gary L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Because the therapeutic options for managing infections in neonates in developing countries are often limited, innovative approaches to preventing infections are needed. Topical therapy with skin barrier-enhancing products may be an effective strategy for improving neonatal outcomes, particularly among preterm, low birth weight infants whose skin barrier is temporarily ...
van Dick Rolf - - 2004
Furthering G. W. Allport's contentions for optimal contact, the authors introduce a new construct: the perceived importance of contact. They propose that perceived importance is the best proximal predictor of contact's reduction of prejudice. If individuals have opportunities for contact at work or in the neighborhood, their chances to have ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2004
Chorioamnionitis, a known risk factor for fetal and neonatal morbidity both in preterm and term newborns, is often subclinical. Earlier observations have linked skin colourimetry to neonatal illness severity and adverse neonatal outcome. Here, we tested the hypothesis that subclinical histological chorioamnionitis is associated with early postnatal skin colour changes ...
Awi D D - - 2004
The aim of this report is to determine the pre-partum and post-partum factors that may influence the time interval from vaginal delivery to first skin-to-skin contact between the mother and her newborn at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital. A prospective study of 250 consecutive healthy mother-infant pairs. Information ...
Browne Joy V - - 2004
Skin-to-skin care involves the mother placing her diaper-clad infant upright between her breasts in direct skin contact. The practice has evolved worldwide to be an intervention strategy in neonatal intensive care units for premature infants and their mothers. Few adverse outcomes have been noted in thermoregulation, cardiovascular changes, or behavioral ...
Bergman N J - - 2004
AIM: Conventional care of prematurely born infants involves extended maternal-infant separation and incubator care. Recent research has shown that separation causes adverse effects. Maternal-infant skin-to-skin contact (SSC) provides an alternative habitat to the incubator, with proven benefits for stable prematures; this has not been established for unstable or newborn low-birthweight ...
Persichetti Paolo - - 2004
Many treatment modalities of ingrown toenail are reported in the literature, often associated with unacceptably high recurrence rate. The authors present their technique, which aims at reducing the convexity of the nail fold. After complete removal of the nail plate and accurate debridement of the granulomatous tissue, a wedge-shaped ellipsis ...
Lund Carolyn Houska - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the validity and reliability of the Neonatal Skin Condition Scale (NSCS) used in the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) and the National Association of Neonatal Nurses (NANN) neonatal skin care evidence-based practice project. SETTING: NICU and well-baby units in 27 hospitals located throughout ...
Chang Mary Wu - - 2004
Granular parakeratosis is an acquired, idiopathic disorder of keratinization typified by retention hyperkeratosis. It usually occurs in women at intertriginous sites. There have been only 2 reports of infants with granular parakeratosis to our knowledge. We describe 3 additional infants with granular parakeratosis. We demonstrate that infantile granular parakeratosis exhibits ...
Edwards William H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Extremely low birth weight infants have a high risk of developing nosocomial bacterial sepsis (NBS). Immature fragile skin may represent an inadequate protective barrier to bacteria colonizing the skin. We conducted a randomized, multicenter trial to determine whether prophylactic application of an emollient ointment would result in a lower ...
Mancini Anthony J - - 2004
Human skin provides a barrier between the host and the physical, chemical, and biological environment. It is also a potential portal of entry for hazardous or infectious agents and a potential target of environmental toxins. Cutaneous vulnerability may take on many forms in the embryo, infant, child, and adolescent. Teratogenic ...
Ferber Sari Goldstein - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The method of skin-to-skin contact (kangaroo care [KC]) has shown physiologic, cognitive, and emotional gains for preterm infants; however, KC has not been studied adequately in term newborns. AIMS: To evaluate the effect of KC, used shortly after delivery, on the neurobehavioral responses of the healthy newborn. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Ruseler-van Embden J G H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Frequent diarrhoea after intestinal resections and faecal incontinence in healthy infants may lead to perianal injury. A causative agent may be a high concentration of pancreatic proteases in faeces. The aim of the present study was to assess whether protease inhibitors are applicable for treating and preventing peri-anal dermatitis ...
Gehring W - - 2004
Nicotinic acid (also generally known as niacin) and niacinamide (also known as nicotinamide) are similarly effective as a vitamin because they can be converted into each other within the organism. The blanket term vitamin B(3) is used for both. Niacinamide is a component of important coenzymes involved in hydrogen transfer. ...
Jacquot Laurence - - 2004
Unconscious odor detection has been demonstrated but the mechanisms implied in this process have been poorly studied. In so far, most odorants activate both olfactory and trigeminal systems, it is relevant to explore how each system could be involved in the unconscious detection processes. This study used three methods to ...
Cantrill Ruth - - 2004
Continuous uninterrupted skin-to-skin contact is known to facilitate newborn transition to extrauterine life, the ability to actively find the nipple and establishment of effective breastfeeding but is not promoted consistently in practice. The Newborn Feeding Ability Questionnaire (NFAQ) was developed to measure midwives' knowledge and practice in supporting the first ...
Chiou Y B - - 2004
The importance of the stratum corneum and its barrier function for infants, especially for newborns, is clinically evident. Research regarding the maturation of the stratum corneum in neonates, i.e. when full barrier function is obtained, has produced varying results. Based on transepidermal water loss and percutaneous absorption studies, term infants ...
Boh Erin E - - 2004
Neonatal lupus Erythematosus (NLE) is a disorder characterized by maternal autoantibodies against RNA protein complex, Ro/SSA or SSB/La. These maternal IgG antibodies cross the placenta and potentially lead to fetal tissue damage and the clinical manifestations NLE. NLE is uncommon, affects females more than males, has no race predilection, and ...
Kiroglu A Faruk - - 2004
Hairy polyps (dermoids or oronasopharyngeal teratomas) are a type of congenital tumour that contain elements of bigerminal origin (ectoderm and mesoderm). We describe a baby who presented with a hairy polyp of the hard palate protruding from the mouth. This was not causing respiratory distress but she had feeding difficulties. ...
Shenkman Ze'ev - - 2004
PURPOSE: Spinal anesthesia can be technically challenging in young infants. We studied whether the distance between the skin and the lumbar subarachnoid space in premature and former-premature young infants could be predicted prior to lumbar puncture. METHODS: The distance from skin entry point to tip of the spinal needle was ...
Haesaert G - - 2004
Without foliage destruction an efficient harvest is impossible. Potatoes for the fresh market are often harvested when the foliage is still heavy green due to tuber size and starch content that must be limited. Tubers from immature vines are typically very susceptible to skinning and mechanical injury during harvest. Young ...
Goh C L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to objectively measure physiological changes in transepidermal water loss (TEWL), an indicator of skin barrier function and laser Doppler perfusion index (LDPI) an indicator of skin vascularity, of psoriatic skin lesions following treatment to narrow-band ultraviolet B (UVB) phototherapy using the psoriasis severity (PS) score as ...
Marcellus Lenora - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the skin-surface pressure distributions and points of maximal pressure that are generated by healthy premature infants in the supine, prone, and right side-lying positions. DESIGN: A descriptive, repeated-measures design. SAMPLE: Four medically stable premature infants of 34 weeks postconceptional age. The mean weight was 2,180 gm, and ...
Brindhaban A - - 2004
Entrance surface dose (ESD) and effective dose (E) to premature infants were estimated at three neonatal intensive care units in Kuwait for three standard X-ray examinations--abdominal, chest and skull X rays using a simple water phantom. The ESD was found to vary between 58 and 102 microGy for abdominal X ...
Plattner T - - 2003
The goal of this study was the reproduction of shape and pattern of gunshot residues in near contact and contact gunshot wounds by a series of experimental gunshots on a skin and soft tissue model. The aim was to investigate the shape and direction of soot deposits with regard to ...
Kossard Steven - - 2003
A 23-year-old woman presented with a 2-week history of an extensive facial eruption consisting of markedly crusted arciform plaques covered with a haemorrhagic eschar that commenced as pruritic follicular pustules. These were associated with facial oedema but no systemic symptoms or fever. Two skin biopsies revealed prominent tissue eosinophilia with ...
Kamat Maithili - - 2003
The use of disposable diapers has offered improved health care benefits. Urine and fecal matter leakage from the cloth nappies and the hand-to-mouth behavior in infants leads to many illnesses with a feco-oral mode of transmission. Also, the tender skin of the infant is more prone to nappy rash. The ...
Uhoda Emmanuelle - - 2003
Ashiness describes a common physiological skin condition that may develop in people with dark skin complexion. Environmental influences, particularly cold and dry weather, seem obvious. This condition has seldom been studied so far. In the present study, skin ashiness was assessed in 37 black African women by means of colorimetric ...
Karri V - - 2003
Extending the fascial incision underlying the circumbilical approach to the shape of an 'inverted T' permits easy delivery of the pyloric tumour for Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy. This modification was used in 51 consecutive infants (42 male, 9 female) with a mean age of 4.7 weeks. Extension of the skin incision or ...
Rowen Judith L - - 2003
Mucocutaneous infection with Candida in neonates ranges from such common conditions as thrush and diaper dermatitis to serious diseases with potential for systemic involvement, including congenital candidiasis and invasive fungal dermatitis. In premature infants, seemingly benign mucocutaneous involvement may precede systemic infection and thus warrants thoughtful attention. Skin involvement also ...
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