Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 768
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Opie Jacinta M - - 2006
A female infant presented at 3 months of age with vascular lesions involving the left lower limb and left side of the vulva. At birth, the left leg was thinner than the right, but equal in length. She had macular, reticulate, bluish discolouration covering most of the skin of the ...
Jonas W - - 2007
AIM: To investigate (1) the skin temperature pattern in newborns two days after birth in connection to breastfeeding and to examine (2) if the administration of epidural analgesia (EDA) and oxytocin (OT) infusion during labour influences this parameter at this point of time. METHOD: Forty-seven mother-infant pairs were included in ...
Yazkan Figen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: [corrected] Prorokeratosis of Mibelli is a chronic disorder characterised by slightly atrophic plaques surrounded by keratotic border. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 45-year-old with clobetazole propionate ointment for psoriasis over 15 years developed characteristic lesions of porokeratosis Mibelli on the elbows. Histopathological examination revealed the cornoid lamellae located on the ...
Teng Ellen J - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of habit reversal (HR) to a wait-list control as a treatment for chronic skin picking in adults. Twenty-five adults with a chronic skin-picking problem were randomly assigned to a wait-list control or HR group. At pretreatment, posttreatment, and a 3-month ...
Salum Fernanda Gonçalves - - 2006
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of topical thiocyanate (SCN(-)) application on hamster cheek pouch mucosa. Sixty-six hamsters were divided into two groups. The test substance containing potassium thiocyanate was applied on the hamsters' cheek pouches at 55 mg/kg dosages. Cheek pouches were grossly examined after 12 ...
Cymbalista Natalia Cymrot - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic cutaneous hyperchromia of the orbital region (ICHOR) does not have a clear etiopathogenesis. Genetic factors, increased melanin, prominent vasculature, and eyelid skin slackness seem to be involved. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate individuals with ICHOR clinically and histologically, before and after treatment with high-energy pulsed light (HEPL), considering epidermal and ...
Taddio Anna - - 2006
The use of analgesics for procedural pain management in the newborn infant has been steadily increasing during the past decade. With this trend of increased analgesic utilization, there is the potential for infants to suffer from drug-induced side effects. There also is the potential to wrongfully blame drugs for all ...
Borgia Francesco - - 2006
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is an uncommon, self-limiting panniculitis that usually occurs in full-term infants as a consequence of perinatal asphyxia. The cutaneous involvement may be associated with metabolic complications such as hypoglycaemia, thrombocytopenia, hypertriglyceridemia, anemia and hypercalcaemia. The delayed onset of hypercalcaemia, 1-6 months after the development ...
Wrobel Bozena B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The sensitivity of the human nasal cavity mucosa to touch is not well understood. The site of receptors and mode of action responsible for the sensation of the nasal airflow is a topic of controversy. Previous studies have suggested that the skin-lined nasal vestibule is more sensitive to airflow ...
Agren Johan - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that the level of relative humidity (RH) in which preterm infants are nursed might influence their postnatal skin maturation. STUDY DESIGN: In 22 preterm infants (GA 23-27 weeks), transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was determined at postnatal ages (PNA) of 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28 ...
Connell Tom - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of perinatal tuberculosis (TB) is problematic because of its nonspecific presentation, the difficulty of obtaining microbiological confirmation, and the unreliability of the tuberculin skin test. Immunodiagnosis of TB has received new attention with the discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific immunodominant antigens (early secreted antigenic target 6 [ESAT-6] and ...
Trotter Sharon - - 2006
'Newborn skin is thinner, more permeable and less able to withstand the sensitising effects of modern detergents. It is also important to remember that anything placed on, in or around a baby has the capacity to harm' (Trotter, 2004a). The anatomical and functional differences of neonatal skin have been thoroughly ...
Kikuchi Katsuko - - 2006
We conducted a cohort study to determine whether the barrier dysfunction of the stratum corneum that facilitates the penetration of various exacerbating agents from the environment is inherent in atopic dermatitis patients as suggested by some dermatologists. Clinical observation and biophysical measurements of the skin were performed on the cheek ...
Harrison Denise - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Reliable and valid methods of measuring pain responses in infants continue to be sought as a means of evaluating the effectiveness of pain reduction strategies. Skin conductance has recently been shown to be a promising physiological indicator of pain and stress in premature and term infants. AIM: To evaluate ...
Miles Rachel - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Extremely preterm birth, even in the absence of significant neurological impairment, is associated with altered pain responses and impaired memory and behaviour. Preterm birth increases the risk of maternal depression and may impede the development of the mother-infant relationship, factors that in turn are also associated with impaired infant ...
Ashrafi Mahmood Reza - - 2006
Although typical and limited Mongolian spots are benign skin markings at birth which fade and disappear as the child grows, extensive Mongolian spots deserve special attention as possible indications of associated inborn error of metabolism. A few cases of extensive Mongolian spots in association with inheritable storage diseases have been ...
Andersen F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The effect of six skin-care formulations (SCFs) on experimentally induced cumulative irritation was studied in hairless guinea-pigs (HLGPs) and in human volunteers (HVs). The formulations were a basic cream, a carbomer cream and four modifications of the carbomer cream, containing either 10% isopropyl palmitate (IPP cream), 10% glycerol (glycerol ...
Mullany Luke C - - 2006
A high proportion of deaths during the neonatal period are attributed to infections. Neonatal skin plays an important role in protecting the newborn from invasive pathogens. In preparation for a study of newborn skin cleansing with chlorhexidine in Nepal, we evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of the newborn cleansing ...
Jónsson Jón Einar - - 2006
Most birds develop brood patches before incubation; epidermis and dermis in the brood patch region thicken, and the dermal connective tissue becomes increasingly vascularized and infiltrated by leukocytes. However, current dogma states that waterfowl incubate without modifications of skin within the brood patch region. The incubation periods of lesser snow ...
Kato Tsuyoshi - - 2006
A new system has been developed for obtaining electrographic potential through thin underwear inserted between the measuring electrodes and the skin of a neonate or an infant when lying supine. The system is based on capacitive coupling involving the electrode, the underwear, and the skin. Validation of the system revealed ...
Kennell John H - - 2006
Publication of the report of Bergman et al. should stimulate replications by others. If these investigators' findings are confirmed, and clear guidelines for the care of premature infants in the kangaroo method in the first 6 h and beyond are published, with particular attention to warm coverings for the babies' ...
Knol A - - 2006
During a two-year study, 505 teledermatology consultations were carried out on 503 patients of 29 participating general practitioners (GPs) in the province of Friesland. One overview and two detail digital photographs of the skin problems were taken on a digital camera and attached to an email message containing standard clinical ...
Harris Judith Rich - - 2006
It is proposed that human hairlessness, and the pale skin seen in modern Europeans and Asians, are not the results of Darwinian selection; these attributes provide no survival benefits. They are instead the results of sexual selection combined with a third, previously unrecognized, process: parental selection. The use of infanticide ...
Abichou Tarek - - 2006
Methane emissions were measured on two areas at a Florida (USA) landfill using the static chamber technique. Because existing literature contains few measurements of methane emissions and oxidation in intermediate cover areas, this study focused on field measurement of emissions at 15-cm-thick non-vegetated intermediate cover overlying 1-year-old waste and a ...
Kilbride Kandice E - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Closure of giant omphalocele can present a surgical challenge. Neither silo, skin flap, nor primary closure has been successful in treating all patients. We present a novel application of the vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) device, which allows for improved results in these difficult cases. METHODS: The VAC device (KCI, San ...
Quinn Dolores - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of less frequent bathing on skin flora of premature infants. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial comparing the impact of every other day bathing to every 4th day bathing on skin flora type and colony count. SETTING: University of California, San Francisco, Medical Center Level IV neonatal ...
Mörelius Evalotte - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Mother-infant separation after birth is a well-known source of stress. Parents and preterm infants in neonatal intensive care are separated immediately after birth. Skin-to-skin care is 1 possible method to reduce the separation-dependent stress. The aim of the present study was to investigate how skin-to-skin care influences stress for ...
Fassihi H - - 2005
Transient bullous dermolysis of the newborn (TBDN) is a rare form of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) that presents with neonatal skin blistering but which usually improves markedly during early life or even remits completely. Skin biopsies reveal abnormal intraepidermal accumulation of type VII collagen which results in poorly constructed anchoring ...
Kim Jin-Hee - - 2005
To avoid fatal complications of central venous catheterization such as cardiac tamponade, the tip of the central venous catheter (CVC) should be placed outside of the cardiac chamber. To suggest a guideline for a proper depth of CVC in infants, we measured the distance from the skin puncture site to ...
Natsuga K - - 2005
Summary Atypical melanocytic lesions (AtML) are known to be associated with epidermolysis bullosa (EB), mainly with the junctional subtype. We report two cases of AtML in two female infants with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). Both lesions were dark brown- to black-coloured, asymmetric-shaped macules, 3-4 cm in size, with an ...
Engler Arthur J - - 2005
Coping with the birth of a preterm infant is a stressful event for mothers for many reasons, including parental role alterations, perception of the infant's illness severity, and uncertainty about the infant's prognosis. Stressors evoke many physiological responses. Fingertip temperature, an electrophysiologic indicator, is a good measure of stress. This ...
Rabe Heike - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare transcutaneously spectroscopically measured hemoglobin values with venous hemoglobin values in infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study in healthy preterm and term infants who were breathing spontaneously. RESULTS: Recordings were obtained from 85 stable infants (median gestational age at measurement: 36 weeks [range: 34-43 weeks]; median body weight: 1890 ...
Fabris Clara - - 2005
An amphiphilic tetracationic derivative of Zn(II)-phthalocyanine (RLP068) was prepared by means of chemical synthesis and was showed to possess efficient photophysical and photosensitizing properties against model biological substrates. RLP068 was incorporated into a gel formulation, which allowed its ready penetration into the epidermal layers, but not into the dermis, of ...
Marchini Giovanna - - 2005
Erythema toxicum neonatorum is a common rash of unknown etiology affecting healthy newborn infants. In this study, we postulated that the rash reflects a response to microbial colonization of the skin at birth, and that the hair follicle constitutes an "easily opened door" for microbes into the skin of the ...
Yildirim S V - - 2005
Amiodarone is an effective antiarrhythmic agent that is widely used for tachyarrhythmias, especially ventricular tachycardia and supraventricular tachycardia. It has some mild short-term (e.g., skin rashes, gastrointestinal symptoms, and corneal microdeposits) and long-term side effects (thyroid dysfunction, visual disturbances, pulmonary infiltrates, ataxia, and hepatitis). We present two infants who had ...
Visscher Marty O - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To characterize vernix caseosa in newborn infants with respect to factors that influence vernix distribution on the skin surface, vernix effects on thermal stability, skin hydration, acid mantle development, and vernix antioxidant properties. STUDY DESIGN: Vernix distribution was determined for 430 infants. Thermal stability was assessed in parallel groups ...
Valiveti Satyanarayana - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo percutaneous absorption of the following prodrugs of naltrexone (NTX): 2'-ethylbutyryl-3-O-ester-NTX (ETBUT-ester), methyl-3-O-carbonate-NTX (ME-carbonate), ethyl-3-O-carbamate-NTX (ET-carbamate), and N,N-dimethyl-3-O-carbamate-NTX (DME-carbamate) in hairless guinea pigs. METHODS: In vitro fluxes of NTX and its prodrugs through guinea pig skin ...
Hong Liang - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a fluoride varnish on demineralization and remineralization of root surfaces in vitro. METHODS: 80 caries-free teeth were selected from a large pool of extracted anterior and premolar teeth from elderly patients. Acid resistant nail varnish was painted on all surfaces except for a window ...
da Cunha Maria Luzia Chollopetz - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of bathing with water only or with mild pH neutral soap and water on skin flora of preterm newborns. METHOD: Randomized blinded clinical trial that enrolled 73 preterm newborns whose gestational age was between 28 and 35 weeks and birth weight between 800 and 1800 ...
Wananukul Siriwan - - 2005
Our objective was to study both incidence and various strains of Malassezia in infantile seborrheic dermatitis (ISD). Sixty infants between 2 weeks and 2 years old with clinical diagnosis of ISD at the Department of Pediatrics, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital from May 2002 to April 2003 were recruited. Malassezia spp. ...
Andresen Jannicke - - 2005
Primary cutaneous aspergillosis is a rare diagnosis. Predisposing factors are immunodeficiency and macerated skin. The mortality of infections with Aspergillus species is high, especially in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). We present a premature (24 wk of gestation) infant with primary cutaneous aspergillosis appearing on the sixth day of life. ...
Chiu Sheau-Huey - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Kangaroo (skin-to-skin contact) care facilitates the maintenance of safe temperatures in newborn infants. Concern persists that infants will become cold while breastfeeding, however, especially if in skin-to-skin contact with the mother. This concern might be especially realistic for infants experiencing breastfeeding difficulties. The objective was to measure temperature during ...
Huang Yhu-Chering - - 2005
To assess the relatedness of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates and to identify the risk factors for the acquisition of MRSA bacteremia in infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), 21 bloodstream isolates from 21 infants were genotyped and other 21 infants without MRSA bacteremia were matched for a ...
Diociaiuti Andrea - - 2005
Congenital presentation of neonatal lupus erythematous is very rare. We describe an infant who had congenital neonatal lupus erythematosus with atrophic lesions on the face and scarring lesions on the trunk. All radiologic, virologic, and hematologic assays were normal. Skin biopsy specimen and immunofluorescence findings led us to suspect neonatal ...
Landale Nancy S - - 2005
This study investigates the relationship between maternal skin tone and low birth weight among Puerto Ricans, a group with a complex ancestry and skin tones that range from very light to very dark. Using data from a representative sample of Puerto Rican mothers, we assess whether skin tone has different ...
Onal E Esra - - 2005
We describe a newborn infant with defects similar to those seen in mice heterozygous for the mutant disorganization (Ds) gene. The child had left popliteal webbing, left iliac bone hypoplasia, bifid scrotum, hypospadias, chordee deformity of the penis and a sacral dimple. Other anomalies included absence of the right kidney ...
Shwayder Tor - - 2005
The development of the human skin from intrauterine to extrauterine life is a balletic interplay of maturing layers and interlocking structures. We discuss this transition and then branch out to touch on issues of premature infant as well as neonatal skin care. Disruption of the barrier function due to toxins ...
Lyon Valerie B - - 2005
Physical constraints and metabolic differences in neonates require that special attention is given to performing procedures in this patient group. Neonates have a thinner dermis and a greater surface-to-weight ratio, allowing for easier invasion through the skin barrier. The enzymes for metabolism of agents and defense against organisms inside the ...
Dodd Virginia L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review research on kangaroo care with implications for growth and development in preterm infants. DATA SOURCES: Nursing, medical, and child development research literature was searched through PubMed through 2003 using the search terms kangaroo Care, skin-to-skin, growth/development, and premature infants. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials, pretest-posttest designs, and ...
Savino F - - 2005
AIM: To determine the concentration of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in exclusively breast-fed (BF) and formula-fed (FF) infants in the first 5 months of life and to study the relationship between the IGF-I level and Z score for weight, body mass index (BMI) and tricipital skin-fold thickness. METHODS: We performed ...
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