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Kiechl-Kohlendorfer Ursula - - 2008
To date, appropriate skin therapy for premature infants has not been clearly defined. Emollient creams are often used without solid evidence for a benefit to the neonate. The aim of the current study was to investigate the cutaneous effects of two different topical ointment therapies. Between October 2004 and November ...
He Wen - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the transdermal permeation enhancement of N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) with different degrees of quaternization (DQ). TMCs with DQ of 40 and 60% (TMC40 and TMC60) were synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR. Testosterone (TS) used as an effective drug, four different gels were ...
Engsberg Jack R - - 2008
This investigation determined relationships between coronal vertical alignment (CVA) and sagittal vertical alignment (SVA) variables calculated from radiographs and surface markers representing bony landmarks. Biplanar radiographs were taken on 28 subjects (standing) after 2 metallic surface markers were placed on the skin superficial to C7 and S2. The CVA-R and ...
Boralevi F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sensitization to atopens is an early phenomenon that overlaps with the onset of atopic dermatitis (AD) in infancy. Early epidermal barrier impairment may facilitate the epicutaneous penetration of atopens. OBJECTIVE: To correlate transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and aeroallergen sensitization in infants with AD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we ...
Loh Ne-Ron - - 2008
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is not generally recognized as a cause of neonatal encephalopathy. A full-term infant developed a rash and encephalopathy with lesions in the basal ganglia and periventricular white matter 3 days after a normal delivery. Typical skin changes of IP were confirmed by histology and mutation analysis of ...
Nikolovski Janeta - - 2008
Skin water barrier development begins in utero and is believed to be complete by week 34 of gestational age. The goal of this investigation was to assess the dynamic transport and distribution of water of the stratum corneum of infants and compare it to those of adults. The interaction of ...
Iorizzo Matilde - - 2008
Hyperpigmentation of the distal phalanx of both hands and feet is usually a prominent feature of dark-skinned newborns, but recently it has been described also in fair-skinned ones as a coincidental finding and classified as a transient benign disorder of infancy. We report our experience, having observed a group of ...
Hon Kam-Lun Ellis - - 2008
Many parents purchase topical applications without knowing what they contain, and apply them liberally to their children with dermatological disorders. In one such case, an infant developed fever, diarrhea and a small ulcer near the right labia majora which was treated with a topical cream called '999' containing dexamethasone acetate. ...
Martínez-Frías María Luisa - - 2008
In a previous study on single umbilical artery (SUA) and its association with congenital defects, we observed a serendipitous association between isolated skin anomalies and the presence of SUA. Although this could be a spurious association, we considered that it deserved to be studied in detail. The aim of this ...
O'Connor Nina R - - 2008
Rashes are extremely common in newborns and can be a significant source of parental concern. Although most rashes are transient and benign, some require additional work-up. Erythema toxicum neonatorum, acne neonatorum, and transient neonatal pustular melanosis are transient vesiculopustular rashes that can be diagnosed clinically based on their distinctive appearances. ...
Mears Simon C - - 2008
Objective: It is important that during preoperative skin preparation surgical site markings are not erased. The effects of 2 common types of skin preparation solutions on surgical site markings were compared. Methods: Fasciocutaneous skin flaps were harvested and 20 random combinations of 3 letters were written on the skin flaps ...
Bystrova Ksenia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the development and control of skin temperature in human mothers after birth. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of delivery ward practices and early suckling on maternal axillar and breast temperatures during the first 2 hours postpartum and to relate them ...
Nelson Annika - - 2007
Erythema Toxicum, a rash frequently present in the healthy newborn infant is an innate, immune response to the first commensal micro flora. Flushing and urtication are seen in this manifestation suggesting mast cell (MC) activation and MC derived mediator release. It has recently become evident that MCs participate in the ...
Nakanishi Rie - - 2008
Studies of infant emotion rely on the assessment of expressive behavior and physiological response because infants cannot tell their feelings. Little is known about the physiological response of infants when they are in a joyful emotion. In this study, we examined changes in facial skin temperature as a physiological response, ...
Hosokawa Koji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization has been recommended to increase the procedural success rate and enhance patient safety. However, few studies have examined the potential advantages of one ultrasound technique with another, specifically in small infants. METHODS: The authors randomly assigned 60 neonates and infants weighing less than 7.5 kg ...
Krous Henry F - - 2007
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB), a hereditary blistering condition of the skin, is divided into simplex, hemidesmosomal, junctional, and dystrophic types. It may be complicated by the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, but other neoplasms, especially those separate from involved skin, are distinctly rare. We report a male infant ...
Madhusudhanan M - - 2007
A case of acute lead poisoning in an infant without overt clinical manifestations of encephalopathy is reported for the first time in Oman. The case was diagnosed at Rustaq Hospital on the basis of (i) history by the mother of giving the child a traditional remedy for treating constipation (ii) ...
Ayhan Meltem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Colonization of neonate skin by Malassezia species and their causative role in neonatal cephalic pustulosis is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the skin colonization by Malassezia in healthy newborns, and to investigate its association with neonatal cephalic pustulosis. METHODS: Samples for Malassezia colonization were taken from cheeks and ...
Wu J J - - 2007
Many patients with rosacea are unable to tolerate extended treatment periods with topical agents because of the unusually high skin sensitivity that often accompanies rosacea. Kinetin (N(6)-furfuryladenine) is a plant cytokinin that reportedly helps restore skin barrier function and may be useful to ameliorate the signs and symptoms of rosacea. ...
Castral Thaila C - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Several promising non-pharmacological interventions have been developed to reduce acute pain in preterm infants including skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her infant. However, variability in physiological outcomes of existing studies on skin-to-skin makes it difficult to determine treatment effects of this naturalistic approach for the preterm ...
Hon Kam-Lun Ellis - - 2007
This report describes an unusual presentation and complication of extravasation of intravenous fluid in an infant who presented with a large hypopigmented skin lesion distant from the site of intravenous cannulation. The infusion was immediately discontinued and an alternate intravenous site secured. A chest radiograph revealed that the catheter was ...
Mannan K - - 2007
Chemical burns in extremely preterm infants have major implications in terms of morbidity and risk management. We report a case of extensive chemical burn in an extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant caused by clear, colourless solution of 0.5% chlorhexidine in 70% alcohol mistaken for normal saline for skin cleansing ...
El-Kamel Amal H - - 2007
PURPOSE: The main objective of the study was to formulate and characterize testosterone (TS) solid lipid microparticles (SLM) to be applied as a transdermal delivery system. METHODS: Testosterone SLMs were formulated using an emulsion melt homogenization method. Various types and concentrations of fatty materials, namely glyceryl monostearate (GM), glyceryl distearate ...
Matsumoto Tomoaki - - 2007
Skin capacitance depends on the water content of the stratum corneum, and moisturizers have beneficial effects in atopic dermatitis. This study was performed to determine the skin capacitance in normal and atopic infants, and to evaluate the effects of different moisturizers on infantile atopic skin. The skin capacitance in 186 ...
Hon Kam-Lun Ellis - - 2007
A 4-mo-old Chinese infant developed necrotizing fasciitis and gangrene from a small skin infection on his buttock that was treated with topical herbs. Sequential cultures revealed a number of organisms: Enterococcus species, sensitive to ampicillin, were isolated throughout the course, and coagulasenegative staphylococci replaced gram-negative rods during the later phase ...
Darmstadt Gary L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine cleansing of newborn skin is a highly promising intervention for reducing neonatal mortality in developing countries, yet little is known of the mechanism of action. This study examined the impact of a single skin cleansing of hospitalized newborn infants in Bangladesh with baby wipes containing 0.25% chlorhexidine on ...
Erlandsson Kerstin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have shown that skin-to-skin care immediately after vaginal birth is the optimal form of care for full-term, healthy infants. Even in cases when the mother is awake and using spinal analgesia, early skin-to-skin contact between her and her newborn directly after cesarean birth might be limited for ...
Hsu Hsiu-cheng - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although an umbilical nodule is common in neonates and young infants, an umbilical nodule of poor therapeutic response will increase the likelihood of other uncommon etiology. Clear cell acanthoma (CCA) has never been described as an oozing umbilical nodule on infants. METHODS: To present a case of CCA which ...
Gomez Patrick - - 2007
Psychophysiological studies with music have not examined what exactly in the music might be responsible for the observed physiological phenomena. The authors explored the relationships between 11 structural features of 16 musical excerpts and both self-reports of felt pleasantness and arousal and different physiological measures (respiration, skin conductance, heart rate). ...
Eichenfield Lawrence F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The potential for toxicity from systemic absorption of topical miconazole in infants is a concern. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative safety of 0.25% miconazole based on the amount absorbed through the skin of infants with diaper dermatitis after multiple applications. METHODS: Of 24 infants with moderate to severe diaper ...
Smith Karen M - - 2007
This article provides a review of a change in practice within a Level III neonatal intensive care unit setting. The use of skin-to-skin holding as a means to secure parents' attachment to their infant, and support their child's rest and recovery in the neonatal intensive care unit, has been recognized ...
Carrasco Daniel R DR Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, and Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2007
Multiple myeloma (MM) evolves from a highly prevalent premalignant condition termed MGUS. The factors underlying the malignant transformation of MGUS are unknown. We report a MGUS/MM phenotype in transgenic mice with Emu-directed expression of the XBP-1 spliced isoform (XBP-1s), a factor governing unfolded protein/ER stress response and plasma-cell development. Emu-XBP-1s ...
Moore Elizabeth R - - 2007
This study was done to evaluate effects of maternal-infant skin-to-skin contact during the first 2 hours postbirth compared to standard care (holding the infant swaddled in blankets) on breastfeeding outcomes through 1 month follow-up. Healthy primiparous mother-infant dyads were randomly assigned by computerized minimization to skin-to-skin contact (n = 10) ...
Barnes Sophie - - 2007
We report the case of a 2-week-old male infant who developed necrosis of the glans penis as a result of circumcision. Based on the clinical absence of impairment of micturition on gray-scale and color Doppler sonographic findings, which showed the relatively superficial necrosis of the skin layers without underlying damage ...
Watanabe M - - 2007
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The skin color of newborn infants is subjectively observed to change, depending upon their gestational age. We evaluated the relationship between neonatal skin color and gestational age by employing an objective method. METHODS: Using a tristimulus photocolorimeter, L*, a*, and b* were examined as the parameters of skin color ...
Crenshaw Jeannette - - 2007
This updated edition of Care Practice Paper #6 presents the evidence for the benefits of keeping mothers and babies together after birth. The normal physiology of the postpartum and early newborn periods is explained. The author reviews the influence of early and frequent skin-to-skin contact and rooming-in on breastfeeding and ...
Warren Richard B - - 2007
A 9-month-old female infant presented with asymptomatic, skin-colored nodules over the medial plantar aspects of both heels, which were noted immediately after birth and increased in size with the growth of the infant. The diagnosis was precalcaneal congenital fibrolipomatous hamartoma. This condition is rarely reported; however, as biopsy is sometimes ...
Kim Dong-Woo - - 2007
Coenzyme Q_{10} (CoQ_{10}) is a naturally occurring antioxidant and a prominent component of mitochondrial electron transport chain. In the present study, we investigated the effect of CoQ_{10} nanoparticle against photoaging using immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis in the hairless mouse skin induced by ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation (300 mJ/cm;{2}, 3 ...
Romano Amy M - - 2007
In this column, the author summarizes four research studies that contribute to the body of literature on the benefits and physiology of normal childbirth. The topics of the studies include the effect of digital rotation of the baby in occipito-posterior position on position at birth and birth outcomes; temperature disturbances ...
Ciaccio Edward J - - 2007
Monitoring of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in premature infants with conventional adhesive-backed electrodes can harm their sensitive skin. Use of an electrode belt prevents skin irritation, but the effect of belt pressure on respiratory function is unknown. A strain gauge sensor is described which measures applied belt tension. The device frame ...
Tyers A G - - 2006
Brow ptosis occurs as part of the aging process, and as a complication of facial nerve paresis. The article addresses the options available for correction of brow ptosis. The direct brow lift is effective for medial and central brow ptosis, and additional lift laterally may occasionally be needed. This is ...
Changotade Sylvie Igondjo-Tchen - - 2007
The analysis of phenotype-genotype correlations of patients suffering from recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) evidenced intrafamilial and interfamilial phenotype variability occurring for the same mutation of COL7A1; this underscores the role of other genetics environmental factors in the expressivity of the disease. In this work, we checked whether matrilysin 1 ...
Di Mambro Valéria Maria - - 2007
A topical formulation was added with different concentrations of superoxide dismutase (SOD) alone or in association with alpha-tocopherol (alpha-TOC). The physical stability was evaluated by rheological behavior of formulations stored at 4 degrees C, 30 degrees C/60% RH and 40 degrees C/70% RH for 6 months. SOD alone and formulations ...
Cox Suzanne G - - 2006
Colostrum is universally acknowledged as the perfect first food for infants. Oxytocin is the hormone of both labour and lactation but the literature shows that it does not always induce labour. A review of the custom of expressing antenatally by all women is followed by the maternal and infant medical ...
Gass Julia K - - 2006
We report an unusual occurrence of spontaneous pigmentary regression with a desmoplastic reaction in a neonatally eroded giant congenital melanocytic nevus. This process has been documented with photographs and skin biopsy specimens. Neonatal histology demonstrated connective tissue proliferation. Histology at age 5 years also demonstrated a very high proportion of ...
Coleman J C - - 2006
Exfoliative skin diseases of the neonate are relatively rare but when present require rapid diagnosis and treatment to decrease morbidity and mortality associated with these entities. We present the case of a 795 g premature male infant who developed exfoliative lesions on day of life 66. Skin and blood cultures ...
Wakamatsu Kazumasa - - 2006
Ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation due sunlight can result in sunburns and/or suntans. Sunburn occurs only several hours after solar UVB radiation, while a suntan requires several days to several weeks to develop. In the present study, we measured serum and urine levels of melanin-related metabolites, 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5-S-CD) and 6-hydroxy-5-methoxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (6H5MI2C), ...
Hoath S B - - 2006
The biology and physical properties of the uniquely human skin cream 'vernix caseosa' are discussed. This material coats the foetal skin surface during the last trimester of gestation and provides multiple beneficial functions for the foetus and newborn infant. Vernix has a complex structure similar to stratum corneum but lacks ...
Galligan Maura - - 2006
Hypothermia is not uncommon in full-term, low-risk newborns during the first days of life. Standard care for treating hypothermia often involves the separation of the mother and the newborn while the infant is placed under a warmer and observed in the nursery. Because one important role of the postpartum nurse ...
Seon Jong Keun - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis that a less invasive (LIS) surgical technique using a navigation system would promote rapid recovery and improve alignment compared with conventional technique in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study compared 49 navigation-assisted LIS TKAs with 53 conventionally performed TKAs using ...
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