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More Judy - - 2010
Breast milk is by far the superior milk for infants, providing ideal nutrition and protection against infection. Exclusive breast-feeding up until weaning provides the healthiest start in life. Ideally it should continue during weaning and can continue as the main milk drink for as long as the mother chooses. Formula ...
Das Sima - - 2010
A 6-month-old infant with congenital icthyosis was brought to the authors with bilateral cicatricial ectropion of the upper and lower eyelid with resultant exposure keratopathy. Skin autograft was not possible due to generalized skin involvement, leading to unavailability of a donor site. A maternal skin allograft was performed for both ...
Osório Filipa - - 2010
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a genodermatosis with a characteristic evolution of skin lesions. Most patients present with vesicles at birth or within the first weeks of life. We report a case of a female infant with genetically confirmed sporadic IP who presented with verrucous and hyperpigmented lesions with no previous ...
Sato Shinichi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram (ECG) and impedance pneumography (IPG), the most widely used techniques for cardiorespiratory monitoring in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), have the disadvantage of causing skin damage when used for very premature newborn infants. To prevent skin damage, we designed a new piezoelectric transducer (PZT) sensor. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Akar Melek - - 2010
Congenital localized absence of the skin (CLAS) has been observed in various subsets of inherited epidermolysis bullosa (EB). Pyloric atresia (PA) is a rare disorder that is associated with EB. Here, we describe three preterm male infants with PA, CLAS, and EB at birth, one of whom had multiple bullae ...
Li Shuzhuo - - 2010
Data from interviews with staff of government offices, relevant literature and national statistics are used to analyze laws, regulations, rules, policies and operational procedures concerning birth registration in China. The current status of and existing problems with birth registration, as well as the influences of delayed birth registration on children's ...
Procianoy Renato S - - 2010
Long term effects of massage therapy in very preterm newborns infants are still to be described. Few studies evaluated neurodevelopment just at six months, and included late preterm infants. To study the effect of massage therapy on neurodevelopment of very low birth weight infants at two years corrected age. Newborns ...
Hill M L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the safety of a silver-alginate-containing dressing to reduce peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) infections in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients. STUDY DESIGN: Patients were randomized 3:1 to receive a patch containing silver, alginate and maltodextrin or standard of care. Patches were placed under ...
Brandon D H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of No-Sting skin protectant and Aquaphor, a water-based emollient, on skin integrity measured by Neonatal Skin Condition Score (NSCS) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) in premature infants. In addition, with no data regarding the use of No-Sting in the ...
Heimann K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Skin to skin care (SSC), prone (PP) and supine (SP) positions are standard positions in daily care for premature infants. Their influence on cardiorespiratory parameters and thermoregulation is discussed controversially. OBJECTIVES: We compared SSC with PP, the recommended position for preterm infants, and SP, the safest position for term ...
Gokdemir G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The neonatal period is regarded as the first 4 weeks of extrauterine life. In the literature, there are numerous articles about the skin findings in neonates and the results of these studies show differences according to races and environmental factors. AIMS: Our objective was to evaluate the skin lesions ...
Stamatas Georgios N - - 2010
Functional differences between infant and adult skin may be attributed to putative differences in skin microstructure. The purpose of this study was to examine infant skin microstructure in vivo and to compare it with that of adult skin. The lower thigh area of 20 healthy mothers (ages 25-43) and their ...
Wainer Stephen - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the performance of the Konica Minolta/Air-Shields JM-103 jaundice meter on the basis of infant skin tone during the early neonatal period. METHODS: Infants were prospectively categorized into light, medium and dark skin tone groups relative to two reference colours. Transcutaneous bilirubin readings were taken at predetermined intervals ...
Scher Mark S MS Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. - - 2009
Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) promotes physiological stability and interaction between parents and infants. Analyses of EEG-sleep studies can compare functional brain maturation between SSC and non-SSC cohorts. Sixteen EEG-sleep studies were performed on eight preterm infants who received 8 weeks of SSC, and compared with two non-SSC cohorts at term (N=126), ...
Afsar F S - - 2010
Skin problems in children during the first few weeks of life can raise concern, even for experienced neonatologists and paediatric dermatologists. The skin of preterm and term newborn babies has distinct differences from juvenile and adult skin. An understanding of the nature of neonatal skin, the physiological and nonphysiological skin ...
Purcell Natalie - - 2009
AIM: Despite being widely recognized, the cephalocaudal progression of jaundice in newborns (Kramer's Rule) has never been satisfactorily explained. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the cephalocaudal progression of jaundice in newborns is related to regional differences in skin temperature and skin perfusion. METHODS: A ...
Sankar M J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine if single skin cleansing with 0.25% chlorhexidine affects skin condition, temperature and bacterial colonization in stable preterm (28-36 weeks gestational age) low birth weight (1001-2000 g) infants admitted in a health facility. METHODS: Eligible infants were randomized within 3 h of birth into the following three groups: ...
Hatakeyama Naoki - - 2009
Thymic involvement with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) typically occurs in children as part of multi-system (M-S) LCH. Patients who develop skin-only LCH during infancy may either follow a self-healing course with spontaneous regression or may progress to M-S involvement. We describe a male infant who developed isolated thymic LCH after ...
Vijayan A P - - 2009
Chromobacterium violaceum is a rare pathogen that can cause potentially fatal infections in humans. Till date, 150 cases are reported worldwide including 7 from India. We report a 6 month old infant who presented with high grade fever, respiratory distress and multiple vesicular skin lesions. Chromobacterium violaceum was isolated from ...
Nelson Annika - - 2009
Coagulase-negative staphylococci and its subtype Staphylococcus epidermidis are major indigenous Gram-positive inhabitants of the human skin. Colonization occurs in direct connection with birth and terrestrial adaptation. This study focuses on factors that may influence skin colonization of the newborn infant that relates to the immune status of both the bacteria ...
Ben-Sira Liat - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To reassess the utility and validity of ultrasound (US) screening in infants with lumbar midline skin stigmata (MSS) that may be associated with tethering of the spinal cord. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective observational study of 254 infants under age 6 months with suspicious dorsal MSS between 2005 ...
Afsar F S - - 2009
Neonatal skin experiences a progressive adaptation to the extrauterine environment during which special care is needed. The immaturity of the epidermal barrier in the neonatal period may cause dry skin, vulnerability to trauma, rapid onset of microbial colonization and percutaneous drug toxicity. This article reviews the practical implications for hygiene, ...
Blume-Peytavi U - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Development of the skin barrier continues up to 12 months after birth; therefore, care must be taken when cleansing and bathing infants' skin. Available guidelines for skin care in newborns are, however, limited. In 2007, the 1st European Round Table meeting on 'Best Practice for Infant Cleansing' was held, ...
Robin St?phanie - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to describe a pediatric case series of Chikungunya infection associated with extensive bullous skin lesions, a severe and unknown form of the disease, during the 2005-2006 outbreak in La R?union Island. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive hospital-based study in children presenting blisters > ...
Chiu Sheau-Huey - - 2009
Preterm birth often negatively influences mother-infant interaction. Skin-to-skin contact postbirth has positive effects on maternal feelings toward their preterm infants and on infant development and family interaction. However, little is known about the long-term effects of skin-to-skin contact on mother-late preterm infant interaction when skin-to-skin contact was experienced early postbirth ...
Reitamo Sakari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In adults and children aged > 2 years, systemic absorption of tacrolimus from tacrolimus ointment is very low. In this study, the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus 0.03% ointment were investigated in infants aged 3-24 months. METHODS: The pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus after first and repeated topical application of tacrolimus 0.03% ointment ...
Meindl Simone - - 2009
Atopic dermatitis arises primarily in early infancy. In these patients, corticosteroids are used especially with great caution because of their side effects. Calcineurin inhibitors such as pimecrolimus (PIM) could be useful, but safety concerns have been raised in particular because of the lack of knowledge about their effects on the ...
Ferahbas Ayten - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of physiologic and pathologic skin findings in the newborns hospitalized in our Newborn Unit. METHODS: All of newborn infants hospitalized in the Newborn Unit of Erciyes University Medical School Hospital in Central Anatolia, Turkey from February 1 to November 30, 2003, were included prospectively in ...
Rajendra Barathi - - 2009
Juvenile xanthogranulomatosis (JXG) is an uncommon histiocytic disease that is usually limited to the skin. Here we describe an infant with systemic JXG including a central nervous system (CNS) lesion. He was initially treated with prednisolone and vinblastine but developed an idiosyncratic reaction to prednisolone that was discontinued. The lesion ...
Patnaik Suprabha Kumari - - 2009
Subglottic haemangiomas are benign vascular malformations presenting in early infancy with respiratory distress due to progressive airway obstruction. The lesion, after undergoing proliferation during the first few months, naturally involutes by an age of 2-3 years. Due to high incidence of mortality, therapy should be initiated immediately. Multiple therapeutic options, ...
Captier Guillaume - - 2009
A maxillary nerve block using external anatomic landmarks is a safe regional anesthesia for adults. However, the classic approach to the nerve may be difficult in infants. To use this block in infants, we describe the anatomical landmarks needed to reach the foramen rotundum area using the suprazygomatic route.Computed tomographic ...
Huo Ran - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Conventional expansion inadequately restores damaged skin for patients with large areas of skin deficiency or who lack sources of normal skin. These patients require repeated skin expansions, but little is known about the outcomes of this procedure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microscopic changes and biomechanical properties of skin and ...
Hirata Akimasa - - 2008
We calculated the whole-body-averaged specific absorption rates (WBSARs) in a Japanese 9-month-old infant model and its corresponding homogeneous spheroidal and ellipsoidal models with 2/3 muscle tissue for 1-6 GHz far-field exposure. As a result, we found that in comparison with the WBSAR in the infant model, the ellipsoidal model with ...
Dawes D - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Law enforcement officers use conducted electrical weapons (CEW) such as the TASER X26 to control violently resistive subjects. There are no studies in the medical literature examining the effects of these weapons on the human stress response. This is the first study to compare the human stress response to ...
Lastein Stine - - 2008
Injured fish skin leaks alarm substances that induce the fright reaction upon olfactory detection. The skin also contains a multitude of other odorants traditionally related to other behaviors, but to what extent they are detected upon injury is unknown. We have performed single unit recordings in the olfactory bulb (OB) ...
Johnston C C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test if enhancing maternal skin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo mother care (KMC) by adding rocking, singing and sucking is more efficacious than simple KMC for procedural pain in preterm neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm neonates (n=90) between 32 0/7 and 36 0/7 weeks' gestational age participated in a single-blind randomized ...
Chiang Ming-Chou - - 2008
Restrictive dermopathy is a rare and lethal autosomal recessive genodermatosis characterized by tight skin, typical dysmorphic face, generalized arthrogryposis and pulmonary hypoplasia. Infants with restrictive dermopathy have similar findings in skin biopsy, but other abnormalities are unremarkable. We report a male preterm infant with restrictive dermopathy. The post-mortem examination revealed ...
Chatproedprai Susheera - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Survey the prevalence of cutaneous disorders in infants at the well baby clinic. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This prospective study was conducted on 500 infants, aged between 1 month and 1-year-old. RESULTS: Mongolian spot and nevus simplex were the two most common congenital lesions in the present study. Seborrheic dermatitis ...
Olgar Turan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to determine the radiation dose received by infants from radiographic exposure and the contribution from scatter radiation due to radiographic exposure of other infants in the same room. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the entrance skin doses (ESDs) and effective doses of ...
Pfurtscheller Klaus - - 2008
Toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson syndrome are potentially life-threatening skin disorders. We report that a 3-month-old infant, a patient with toxic epidermal necrolysis, who in addition to a standard resuscitation protocol for burns received treatment with Suprathel (PolyMedics Innovations GmbH, Filderstadt, Germany) and fatty gauze as topical wound dressings in ...
Ham Jacob - - 2008
Studies examining psychophysiologic markers of infant emotional development abound. However, few studies have used skin conductance (SC), though it measure's sympathetic activity, and none have measured SC on infants sitting up and actively engaged with another person, a significant challenge given the measures sensitivity to movement artifact. In this pilot/feasibility ...
Gushi Makiko - - 2008
A male newborn with skin erosions was born to a 32-year-old woman who was under treatment for pemphigus vulgaris that had been diagnosed 16 months earlier. Antibodies to desmoglein (Dsg)1 and Dsg3 were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Index values of antibodies to Dsg1 and Dsg3 were 49 (normal index ...
Nakamura Tomohiko - - 2008
Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) results in significantly better overall performance on all measures of breastfeeding status and duration. SSC is widely believed to be free of adverse effects. We recently encountered two cases having life-threatening episodes during SSC. An experienced nurse should be placed in the delivery room for periodic ...
Sugimura Tetsu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Often diapers are not changed after infants pass urine. AIM: To define the association between the frequency of changing diapers and urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants. METHODS: Urine samples were tested in 131 infants (aged from 2 months to 2.5 years) who had a temperature > or =38 ...
Smith J - - 2008
Although much effort has gone into promoting early skin-to-skin contact and parental involvement at vaginal birth, caesarean birth remains entrenched in surgical and resuscitative rituals, which delay parental contact, impair maternal satisfaction and reduce breastfeeding. We describe a 'natural' approach that mimics the situation at vaginal birth by allowing (i) ...
Gasparello-Almeida Rozana - - 2008
Neonatal lupus erythematosus is an uncommon transplacentally acquired autoimmune disorder. The most common clinical manifestations are skin rash, congenital atrioventricular block, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, anemia, and hepatosplenomegaly. Usually, the skin rash resembles subacute cutaneous lupus, but different forms of rash have been reported in neonatal lupus erythematosus and some are rare ...
Mullany Luke C LC International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2008
Chlorhexidine skin cleansing might substantially reduce neonatal infection and mortality in developing countries. Few data exist on the impact of chlorhexidine cleansing on skin colonization of infants during the first day of life or on the absorption potential of chlorhexidine during newborn skin cleansing. Hospital-born newborns in Kathmandu, Nepal were ...
Bedocs Paul M - - 2009
Pemphigoid gestationis is a rare, autoimmune blistering dermatosis (Holmes and Black In: Clin Exp Dermatol 7:65-73, 1982). It is unique in that it is diagnosed primarily in association with pregnancy. It has been estimated to occur in 1:50,000 pregnancies [Shornick et al. In: J Am Acad Dermatol 8:214-224, 1983]. Involvement ...
Dageville C - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of neonatal apparent life-threatening events and sudden unexpected deaths during the first 2 h after birth. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted over a 1-year period in all the maternities of the French region of Provence, Alpes, Côte d'Azur, which included all presumably healthy full-term ...
Kucukosmanoglu E - - 2008
AIM: Egg allergy is one of the most frequent allergies in infants. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of sensitization to egg in infants based on skin prick test results and to evaluate associated allergic conditions by questionnaire. METHODS: All infants born between June 2001 and ...
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