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Buxton Iain L O - - 2011
Rates of premature birth are alarming and threaten societies and healthcare systems worldwide. Premature labor results in premature birth in over 50% of cases. Preterm birth accounts for three-quarters of infant morbidity and mortality. Children that survive birth before 34 weeks gestation often face life-long disability. Current treatments for preterm ...
Gordon Bruce R - - 2011
The allergic march is a progression of atopic disease from eczema to asthma, and then to allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. It appears to be caused by a regional allergic response with breakdown of the local epithelial barrier that initiates systemic allergic inflammation. Genetic and environmental factors predispose to developing the allergic march. ...
Krause Ulrich - - 2011
Severe tracheal stenosis, resulting in functional atresia of the trachea is a rare congenital malformation with an estimated occurrence of two in 100,000 newborns. If no esophagotracheal fistula is present to allow for spontaneous breathing, this condition is usually fatal. We report on a male infant born at 32 weeks of ...
Saugstad O D - - 2011
The 2010 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation guidelines for newborn resuscitation represent important progress. The criteria for assessment are simplified based on heart rate and respiration only and there is no timing of stages after the first 60 sec. Instead of giving supplemental oxygen, the guidelines state that 'it is ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2011
Despite increasing attention and investment for maternal, neonatal, and child health, stillbirths remain invisible-not counted in the Millennium Development Goals, nor tracked by the UN, nor in the Global Burden of Disease metrics. At least 2·65 million stillbirths (uncertainty range 2·08 million to 3·79 million) were estimated worldwide in 2008 ...
Gruslin Andrée - - 2011
Pre-eclampsia is associated with a number of short- and long-term perinatal and neonatal complications, including death. These are mostly related to birth weight and gestational age at delivery, and therefore are most relevant to severe or early onset pre-eclamptic toxaemia. Currently, little information is available on the optimal antenatal testing ...
Shukla Mohinish - - 2011
Human infants are predisposed to rapidly acquire their native language. The nature of these predispositions is poorly understood, but is crucial to our understanding of how infants unpack their speech input to recover the fundamental word-like units, assign them referential roles, and acquire the rules that govern their organization. Previous ...
Xu Zhe - - 2011
Familial benign chronic pemphigus or Hailey-Hailey disease (OMIM 169600) is an autosomal-dominant blistering disease. Here we present a rare case of familial benign chronic pemphigus in a Chinese infant. The 5-month-old proband, who showed diffusely distributed skin lesions, is the youngest patient of Hailey-Hailey disease ever reported. The detection of ...
Al-Holy M A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of using Al-Holy-Rasco (AR) medium, a novel broth for detection and isolation of Cronobacter spp. in infant formula milk (IFM). The new medium's composition is generic brain heart infusion broth with the addition of 1% NaCl, 15% sucrose, and 0.80 ...
Loeffelbein Denys J - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) Emerging resistance to antibiotics has become a major problem. Host defence peptides (HDPs), which are effector molecules of the innate immune system, show broad antimicrobial activity. Synthetic derivates are currently being investigated as new anti-infectious agents. In infants, the use of conventional antibiotics is limited ...
Dressler Jan - - 2011
The macroscopic and microscopic findings in neonatal freshwater drowning are demonstrated on the basis of 3 exemplary cases of birth in the bathroom after concealed pregnancy. If the newborn is expelled under water and remains there until death, the lungs cannot be ventilated with air. In case of incomplete or ...
Obeid Makram - - 2011
Facial nerve palsies are uncommon in infants. We report on 10-week-old monozygotic twins, diagnosed with cystic fibrosis by newborn screening, who developed facial palsy and increased intracranial pressure. Cranial imaging and cerebrospinal fluid analysis produced normal results. Levels of serum vitamin A were below normal range. Low levels of vitamin ...
Ascher Simon - - 2011
Invasive Candida infections are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Micafungin is a promising therapeutic option for treatment of invasive fungal infections in infants given its safety profile in older children and adults. Understanding micafungin safety in infants is particularly important because antifungals ...
Thorsdottir Inga - - 2011
Cow's milk is a major food for young children. Whole cow's milk is known to be detrimental to infants, mainly due to its low iron content. The negative association with iron status led to recommending the introduction of formula feeding in infancy during the weaning period or when breastfeeding ceased. ...
Kumar Sunil Y - - 2011
Epignathus is an extremely rare oropharyngeal teratoma that commonly arises from the palate, leading to a high mortality (80-100%) due to airway obstruction in the neonatal period. We present a case of epignathus immature teratoma with fetiform features, originating from basisphenoid in a 28-week preterm male baby, who succumbed to ...
Roehr Charles Christoph - - 2011
Aortic arch anomalies (AAA) are rare cardio-vascular anomalies. Right-sided and double-sided aortic arch anomalies (RAAA, DAAA) are distinguished, both may cause airway obstructions. We studied the degree of airway obstruction in infants with AAA by neonatal lung function testing (LFT). 17 patients (10 RAAA and 7 DAAA) with prenatal diagnosis ...
Gillies Donna - - 2011
Mechanical ventilation is commonly used in Neonatal Intensive Care Units to assist breathing in a variety of conditions. Mechanical ventilation is achieved through the placement of an endotracheal tube (ETT) which is left in-situ. The ETT is suctioned to prevent a build-up of secretions and blockage of the airway. Methods ...
van Heugten Marieke - - 2010
Natural languages contain numerous non-adjacent relationships between words or morphemes in a sentence, often straddling phonological phrase boundaries (e.g., [these sheep] [have [ellipsis (horizontal)]]). Since phonological phrases are considered the main processing unit for infants, this may cause the acquisition of cross-phrase dependencies to be challenging. This study, however, shows ...
Moravej Hossein - - 2010
Infantile colic is a common problem among young infants. Cow's milk allergy has been suggested as one of the causes. We aimed to investigate the value of the cow's milk skin test for the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy in exclusively breast-fed infants with infantile colic. Exclusively breast-fed infants with ...
Røeggen Ingjerd - - 2011
Various methods of pain assessment in infants have been trialled in the search for objective, specific, physiologic measures of responses to pain. Skin conductance (SC) measured in the palm of the hand or on the plantar aspect of the foot may be one such measure. SC in these sites reflects ...
Garofoli F - - 2010
Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) and soluble fraction (sTREM-1) are useful markers of infection in adults. Neonates, especially preterm infants, are exposed to high risk of sepsis due to the immature immune system and few data are available regarding TREM-1, mainly focused on the soluble form. We therefore ...
Joshi Milind - - 2010
The transport of sick neonates to the surgical centers or transportation within the center is an essential requirement of neonatal surgery. Neonatal transport incubators are costly, space occupying, and are not available at many places in the developing countries. We report here a cheap yet effective and easy to make, ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A - - 2011
Customised birthweight standards are widely recognised to improve the prediction of adverse perinatal outcomes compared with conventional birthweight-for-gestational-age charts. However, their apparent benefits are more likely to have been derived from their incorporation of intrauterine-based (EFW) reference values at preterm ages than their adjustment for maternal characteristics. Although maternal characteristics ...
Widström A-M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to provide a more detailed analysis of the infant's behavioural sequence that begins immediately after birth and terminates with grasping the nipple, suckling and then falling asleep. Twenty-eight full-term infants were videotaped immediately after birth. A video protocol was developed to examine infant behaviours ...
Velandia Marianne - - 2010
Cesarean section is associated with delayed mother-infant interaction because neither the mother nor the father routinely maintains skin-to-skin contact with the infant after birth. The aim of the study was to explore and compare parent-newborn vocal interaction when the infant is placed in skin-to-skin contact either with the mother or ...
Chadha Indu A - - 2010
The following guidelines are intended for practitioners responsible for resuscitating neonates. They apply primarily to neonates undergoing transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life. The updated guidelines on Neonatal Resuscitation have assimilated the latest evidence in neonatal resuscitation. Important changes with regard to the old guidelines and recommendations for daily practice ...
Stamatas G N - - 2011
Infant skin is often presented as the cosmetic ideal for adults. However, compared to adult skin it seems to be more prone to develop certain pathological conditions, such as atopic dermatitis and irritant contact dermatitis. Therefore, understanding the physiology of healthy infant skin as a point of reference is of ...
Ghali Fred E - - 2011
Over the last several years, our clinic has documented an increasing trend of contact dermatitis presenting in areas that are in direct contact with certain types of car seats composed of a shiny, nylon-like material. Our practice has encountered these cases in both atopic and nonatopic infants, with a seasonal ...
Sarkar Rashmi - - 2010
Skin of the newborn differs from that of an adult in several ways. It is more susceptible to trauma and infection and requires special care. Certain principles of skin care have to be emphasized to the mother or caregiver such as gentle cleansing, adequate hydration and moisturization of the skin, ...
Soheilifar Jafar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and distribution of petechiae in well infants and to evaluate their relationship with age. DESIGN: 500 afebrile and well-appearing infants aged 1-12 months were examined for petechiae. The sites of the petechiae were noted on a skin map and the parent's explanation recorded. Data collection ...
Tabatabaii Seyed Ahmad - - 2010
Subglottic hemangiomas are very rare in compare with cutaneous form but can be life-threatening in the proliferating phase of tumor by airway obstruction. It should be considered in any child with recurrent, persistent and/or progressive, inspiratory or biphasic stridor, respiratory distress and feeding difficulties in the first months of life. ...
Ishiguro Akio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether skin and subcutaneous blood flow measurements using a novel laser Doppler flow meter are useful for evaluating the cardiovascular status of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during the early postnatal period. METHODS: In eight VLBW infants and eight non-VLBW infants born at Tokyo University Hospital ...
Siddiqui Khalid Maudood - - 2010
Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of inherited disorders characterized by blistering of the skin as a result of minor trauma. We managed an infant with epidermolysis bullosa undergoing inguinal hernia repair. Anaesthesia was induced with oxygen/nitrous oxide mixture and sevoflurane. Oral tracheal intubation was done with a lubricated laryngoscope blade ...
Wilcinski Susan L - - 2010
Wound healing is a complex process that can be even more challenging in neonatal and pediatric patients. Infants and children have special characteristics such as skin immaturity, a high body surface to weight ratio, sensitivity to pain, increased potential for percutaneous absorption of medication, and an immature immune system that ...
Mau Nicole - - 2010
A case of Raoultella ornithinolytica bacteremia in an infant with visceral heterotaxy is reported. Physical examination was remarkable for markedly red skin flushing, not unlike that seen during histamine fish poisoning. R. ornithinolytica is a histamine-producing bacterium recently elucidated as a major cause of histamine fish poisoning. Only 2 other ...
Mueller E - - 2010
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is the clinical term used to describe a range of blistering skin disorders induced by the exfoliative toxins of Staphylococcus aureus and prevalently affects neonates, infants and toddlers who lack antibodies to S. aureus toxins. SSSS is a highly contagious disease and is characterised by ...
Narendran Vivek - - 2010
Epidermal innate immunity is a complex process involving a balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, structural proteins, and specific antigen presenting cells occurring against a background of neuroendocrine modulators such as cortisol. In this study, a multiplex array system was used to simultaneously determine multiple molecular factors critical for development ...
Maastrup Ragnhild - - 2010
AIM: To determine if clinically stable extremely preterm infants can maintain their temperature during skin-to-skin contact and to screen for other negative effects. METHODS: Continuous measurement of 22 stable infants' physical parameters 2 h before, during, and 2 h after skin-to-skin-contact. Mean gestational age at birth was 25 weeks and ...
Fluhr Joachim W - - 2010
Early postnatal life is a period of active functional reorganization and cutaneous physiological adaptation to the extrauterine environment. Skin as the outermost organ of mammalians is endowed of multiple functions such as protection, secretion, absorption and thermoregulation. Birth stimulates the epidermal barrier maturation and the skin surface acidification especially in ...
Dizon Ma Victoria - - 2010
This randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the tolerability of a new baby cleanser formulation Johnsons Top-to-Toe cleanser (JTT) on infantile skin. 180 healthy infants (60 in each group) were enrolled and JTT Sebamed Baby Liquid cleanser (SM), and lukewarm tap water were used on the skin of the ...
Nyqvist K H - - 2010
Since Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) was developed in Colombia in the 1970s, two trends in clinical application emerged. In low income settings, the original KMC model is implemented. This consists of continuous (24 h/day, 7 days/week) and prolonged mother/parent-infant skin-to-skin contact; early discharge with the infant in the kangaroo position; ...
Nyqvist K H - - 2010
The hallmark of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is the kangaroo position: the infant is cared for skin-to-skin vertically between the mother's breasts and below her clothes, 24 h/day, with father/substitute(s) participating as KMC providers. Intermittent KMC (for short periods once or a few times per day, for a variable number ...
Calais E - - 2010
AIM: To explore factors that promote or hinder skin-to-skin contact (SSC) during the first days after birth between parents and healthy fullterm infants. METHODS: A total of 117 postnatal mothers and 107 fathers/partners attending two childbirth settings, where Kangaroo mother care (KMC) was implemented as a standard routine of care, ...
Suk E H - - 2010
Internal jugular veins (IJV) are commonly used to obtain central venous access. However percutaneous cannulation of the IJVis difficult in infants and young children because of its diminutive size. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of skin traction on the cross-sectional area of the IJV in ...
Sönmez Kaan - - 2010
The management of giant omphalocele (GO) presents a major challenge to pediatric surgeons. Current treatment modalities may result in wound infection, fascial separation, and abdominal domain loss. We report a GO infant who required a delayed closure and was managed using sterile incision drape and polypropylene mesh. A 3080 g ...
Bramson Leslie - - 2010
This was a nurse-driven, hospital-based, prospective cohort study of data collected in 19 hospitals in San Bernardino and Riverside counties by California Perinatal Services Network on all mothers (n = 21 842) who delivered a singleton infant (37-40 weeks gestation) between July 2005 through June 2006. Multivariate ordinal logistic regression ...
More Judy - - 2010
Breast milk is by far the superior milk for infants, providing ideal nutrition and protection against infection. Exclusive breast-feeding up until weaning provides the healthiest start in life. Ideally it should continue during weaning and can continue as the main milk drink for as long as the mother chooses. Formula ...
Das Sima - - 2010
A 6-month-old infant with congenital icthyosis was brought to the authors with bilateral cicatricial ectropion of the upper and lower eyelid with resultant exposure keratopathy. Skin autograft was not possible due to generalized skin involvement, leading to unavailability of a donor site. A maternal skin allograft was performed for both ...
Osório Filipa - - 2010
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a genodermatosis with a characteristic evolution of skin lesions. Most patients present with vesicles at birth or within the first weeks of life. We report a case of a female infant with genetically confirmed sporadic IP who presented with verrucous and hyperpigmented lesions with no previous ...
Sato Shinichi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram (ECG) and impedance pneumography (IPG), the most widely used techniques for cardiorespiratory monitoring in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), have the disadvantage of causing skin damage when used for very premature newborn infants. To prevent skin damage, we designed a new piezoelectric transducer (PZT) sensor. OBJECTIVE: To ...
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