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Results 701 - 750 of 768
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Golden S M - - 1981
Continuous transcutaneous oxygen monitoring has become standard practice in the management of infants who require supplemental oxygen. Previously described complications of tcPO2 monitoring consist of prolonged intense skin erythema or first degree burns. Two cases of premature infants who developed numerous, hyperpigmented skin craters following prolonged tcPO2 monitoring are reported. ...
Peterson A O AO - - 1981
The lesions of an unusual annular erythema in an infant evolved from erythematous papules, to rings, to interrupted arcs over 36 to 48 hours, and then resolved without a trace. New lesions appeared and evolved with remarkable uniformity for eight months and then disappeared. This seemingly unique eruption is compared ...
West D P - - 1981
Cutaneous metabolism and pharmacology have been the focus of increased scientific inquiry in the past 2 decades. However, in the past few years, attention has been focused specifically on the effects of topically applied drugs in infants as different qualitatively or quantitatively from their effects in adults. Prior to 1972, ...
Burgdorf W H - - 1981
Focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH) is most often seen in females who have severe mesenchymal defects as well as distinctive cutaneous abnormalities. We describe a 45-year-old man with mild FDH limited entirely to the skin, who was never correctly diagnosed until he fathered a female infant with severe multisystem FDH.
Weissbluth M - - 1981
An infant with GM1 gangliosidosis was found to have an eruption at birth consisting of extensive and unusual slate blue macules resembling mongolian spots. All areas of skin were involved except face, scalp, palms, and soles. A biopsy of a macule obtained at 5 months of age demonstrated melanocytic cells ...
Sedin G - - 1981
Factors that may influence the water transport through the skin in infants on their first day of life were studied with a method based on determination of the vapour pressure gradient in the air layer close to the skin surface. The evaporation rate from the skin was found to vary ...
Anderson J M - - 1981
At least four out of 97 low birth weight (less than 1750 g) newborn infants who had received only limited skin disinfection with 3% hexachlorophane (HCP) emulsion developed spongioform myelinopathy in association with detectable amounts of HCP in their brains. These four cases were found in a post-mortem survey of ...
Behl C R - - 1980
Freshly sacrificed hairless mice were burned dorsally by direct contact with 60 degrees C water for periods ranging from 15 seconds to 8 min. Wounds ranging in degree from superficial epidermis damage to injury penetrating well into subcutaneous musculature were inflicted. Burned skin sections and reference abdominal skin sections were ...
Finer N N - - 1980
The last decade has seen the development of more sophisticated tools capable of providing continuous analysis of parameters that previously required frequent blood sampling or invasive surgical procedures. These include transcutaneous skin electrodes capable of monitoring PO2 and PCO2, the tissue pH electrode, and instrumentation for continuous intravascular analysis of ...
Alder V G - - 1980
The protective effect of treating the skin of newborn infants with powders containing 1% chlorhexidine or 0.33% hexachlorophane was compared. Each was equally effective in preventing colonisation and infection by Staphylococcus aureus. In contrast, the skin became profusely colonised by coagulase-negative staphylococci, irrespective of the powder used. Venous blood concentrations ...
Fonkalsrud E W - - 1980
Based on 14 years' experience with the surgical repair of gastroschisis abdominal wall defects in 32 infants at the UCLA Hospital, certain aspects of care evolved which have served to reduce the overall long-term mortality to 6.2%. The severity of gastroschisis defects appears to be related to the length of ...
Brodsky B - - 1980
The axial periodicity of collagen fibrils was observed by X-ray diffraction to be significantly shorter in wet skin (65.2 nm) than in wet tendon (67.0 nm). This difference appears to be due to some feature in the native skin environment, since purified skin Type I and Type III collagens will ...
Wilson D R - - 1980
In vivo, noninvasive, transepidermal water loss measurements were taken from 26- to 41-week gestational age infants with a Meeco electrolytic water analyzer to yield information on the development of the function of the skin barrier. Infants 28 weeks or less have significantly greater transepidermal water loss than older gestational aged ...
Pines D - - 1980
Eczema in the first year of life results in a basic disturbance of the earliest mother-infant relationship, a disturbance that is renewed with every transitional phase of the life-cycle. The pervasive fear of disintegration or loss of the self, and the need to be contained and held, affects subsequent character ...
Hannemann R E - - 1979
A noninvasive optical technique by which serum bilrubin can be estimated from skin spectral reflectance measurements has been further investigated. The original work on 30 healthy, full-term white infants and an independent study on 14 white and 30 black infants demonstrate that the method has potential not only for clinical ...
Hansen T N - - 1979
Skin surface PCO2 (PSCO2) was measured at 44 C in 17 sick infants using a Radiometer surface PCO2 electrode. Values obtained for PSCO2 were compared with simultaneous values for arterial PCO2 (PaCO2). PSCO2 was found to be linerarly related to PaCO2 by a regression line with a slope 1.37. PaCO2 ...
Pramanik A K - - 1979
A premature, malnourished infant had seizures and abnormal neurological function associated with topical gamma benzene hexachloride (lindane) therapy. The level of gamma benzene hexachloride in his blood was 17 times greater than expected after a single topical application of 1% gamma benzene hexachloride. Significant levels developed in another child's blood ...
Bodenhoff J - - 1979
A 500-year-old mummy of a seven-month-old Eskimo infant recently removed from a tomb north of Umanak presented problems of preservation. Among these was fungal coating on the skin, especially on the face. The fungus was isolated and diagnosed as a Sporothrix fungorum. The skin was successfully treated with nystatine. The ...
Agbayani M M - - 1979
Cefamandole, a new parenteral cephalosporin antibiotic, was administered to 23 newborn infants with pustular skin infection due to Staphylococcus aureus for an average duration of 7.5 days. All the patients improved clinically. Elevation of serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase and eosinophilia were observed in nine infants each transiently during treatment. There ...
Zachariae H - - 1979
Two infants suffering from histiocytosis X were treated successfully with a topically applied nitrogen mustard. All cutaneous symptoms disappeared completely within 2 weeks in one case while the skin improved significantly in the other. No irritation or dermatitis was experienced from the treatment. The only side-effect noted was hyperpigmentation.
Blumenfeld T A - - 1979
The heels of 40 children (0.56--13.15 kg), 35 of whom were newborn infants and 28 of whom had 2--20 visible skin punctures, were examined at necropsy, and the thickness of the tissue layers was measured with a metric vernier caliper. Histological examination showed that uncomplicated skin-puncture wounds heal with minimum ...
Duong C M - - 1979
Varicella pneumonia during pregnancy may be relatively mild or rapidly fatal. Diagnosis is based on the usual criteria for varicella in association with signs and symptoms of respiratory distress: dyspnea, tachypnea, cough, chest pain, and hemoptysis, with characteristic x-ray findings. Treatment should be directed toward maintaining blood oxygen saturation at ...
Steinmann B - - 1979
A 2 1/4 year-old boy was treated for cystinuria and urolithiasis with high fluid intake, sodium bicarbonate, and D-penicillamine, over a period of 5 3/4 years, unauthorized interruptions and prescribed pauses included. Therapy was partially sucessful but regrowth of calculi coincided with interruptions of D-penicillamine administration and also with the ...
Pollitzer M J - - 1979
Transcutaneous PO2 simultaneously recorded by Drager and Radiometer electrodes on the abdominal skin was compared for six-hour periods with aortic PaO2 recorded by a Searle intravascular oxygen electrode. Ten newborn infants with serious respiratory illnesses, six of whom needed mechanical ventilation, were studied. The skin electrodes were heated to 44 ...
Miler I - - 1979
Migration of leukocytes of newborns and of infants up to the age of 6 months was studied using the in vivo skin-window technique according to Rebuck. Using the non-specific stimulation (abrasion of the skin only) a slight age-dependent physiological increase of migration of cells was observed within the observation period; ...
Versmold H T - - 1978
While 24 newborn infants (ages, 2 to 48 hours; gestational ages, 24 to 42 weeks) breathed various concentrations of oxygen, the PO2 values on their unheated skin surface were measured by an unheated microcathode electrode for transcutaneous PO2 monitoring. In infants with arterial PO2 values in the range of 50 ...
Fisher L B - - 1978
This study elaborates on the effect of occlusive, partially occlusive, and nonocclusive tape systems containing hydrocoritsone on human epidermal mitotic activity that has been increased by tape stripping. The experimental variables included tape delivery systems affording total, partial (50%), or no occlusion to normal human skin. The test corticosteroid was ...
Leyden J J - - 1978
A quantitative microbiological survey of multiple sites in the diaper area in 40 normal infants and 100 infants with various forms of diaper dermatitis showed (1) no significant differences between normal infants and those with common chafing form of diaper dermatitis except for a low number of Staphylococcus aureus organisms ...
Le Souëf P N - - 1978
Transcutaneous oxygen tension (tcPO2) measured by two skin electrodes of different design, and arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) measured by an intravascular oxygen electrode, were continuously compared for periods of 6--27 h in 45 newborn infants with respiratory illnesses. One skin electrode (Dräger) had three microcathodes surrounded by a heated ring-shaped ...
Hosková A - - 1977
An infant girl three weeks of age with the leading symptom of skin haemorrhages is presented. On further investigation, the signs of severe hepatic damage with hypofibrinogenaemia and prothrombin complex impairment, and renal tubular dysfunction were disclosed. All these pathological symptoms, which were reversed on fructose free diet, were caused ...
Leyden J J - - 1977
Free ammonia was determined in diaper squeezings from 26 infants with "ammoniacal dermatitis" and in 82 controls. No significant difference was found (402 ppm in diaper dermatitis compared to 465 in controls). The groups did not differ with regard to the incidence of organisms capable of splitting ammonia from urea. ...
Carr D L - - 1977
Staphylococcus and Micrococcus populations were collected from the healthy skin of 10 infant subjects. Infants were sampled from 1 day to 32 weeks of age. Species were characterized by approximately 30 different morphological, physiological, and biochemical characters. Staphylococci were the predominant inhabitants of normal skin, whereas micrococci were found only ...
Jansen H H - - 1977
In taking death-masks two different techniques are used. In the technique using a plaster matrix the plaster mash is brought on the face. When the plaster-cast has dried it is filled with plaster mash. Later the matrix is removed in order to lay open the mask. In the technique using ...
Lilien L D - - 1977
A newborn with congenital syphilis presented radiographically with a lack of ossification of the medial portions of several ribs and massive sclerosis and decalcification of scapulae. The uniqueness of syphilitic scapular and rib involvement is discussed. The infant also went on to develop skin lesions which appeared following penicillin therapy ...
Tyrala E E - - 1977
Bathing with soap containing hexachlorophene was instituted during two major staphylococcal epidemics in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Infants who weighed less than 1,200 gm, those with a postconceptional age of less than 35 weeks, and those with large areas of abraded skin were at highest risk to achieve elevated ...
Katz A - - 1977
In vivo bound C3 was demonstrated by immunofluorescence in lesions of both maternal and infant skin in an immunopathologic study of herpes gestationis. Immunoglobulins and other complement components of both classical and alternative pathways were not found. The serum was also negative for circulating antibody to basement membrane of skin. ...
Fitzsimmons J S - - 1977
A female infant, born to a 21-year-old mother with systemic lupus erythematosus, had cutaneous discoid lupus at birth. The lesions resolved spontaneously over the first few months and by the age of 1 year the infant's skin was normal. Other possible complications of this maternal disease are discussed and the ...
Rudolph N - - 1977
Three newborn infants are described in whom a generalized maculopapular rash was observed at birth or soon after. The eruption rapidly became vesicular, and in one infant it became bullous, and was followed in each case by extensive desquamation. Candida albicans was demonstrated on direct smear and on culture from ...
Shermeta D W - - 1977
A preformed silicone polymer silo has been used in eleven infants with omphalocele and gastroschisis. This prosthesis has significant advantages over other forms of silo construction. Among these advantages are: (1) easy and rapid primary application; (2) a totally nonreactive and closed system which prevents peritoneum fluid loss and bacterial ...
Cunico R L - - 1977
Relative permeabilities of newborn and adult skin to small molecules were determined by measuring emission of carbon dioxide and water vapor through skin. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) measured on the forearm of 22 term infants was lower than that observed in 30 control adults (0.31 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.39 +/- ...
Lopez J B - - 1976
A full-term male infant delivered by caesarean section following a prolonged rupture of the amniotic membranes of 30 hours' duration manifested peculiar skin lesions at the time of birth consistent with the healing phase of bullous impetigo. He was colonized with beta-hemolytic Streptococcus group B that was also cultured from ...
Vinocur C D - - 1976
A child born without scalp, or dura to cover the brain (aplasia cutis congenita) was successfully treated by a multidiscipline team. A coexisting rupture omphalocele forced a change in treatment from the currently recommended regimen of mandatory early scalp closure. Homograft skin was used to protect the brain during the ...
Krauss A N - - 1976
Skin reflectance in red, green, and blue light was measured at the sternum of 99 Caucasian infants ranging in gestational age from 26 to 44 weeks. Skin reflectance was consistently higher in female infants, but this difference was not statistically significant. Highly significant (P less than 0.001) increases in reflectance ...
Levy S B - - 1976
Numerous tubuloreticular structures were seen on electron microscopic examination of involved and uninvolved skin of a neonate with lupus erythematosus. The patient had characteristic lupus skin lesions at birth that worsened for three months, and then gradually subsided. Their course was associated with systemic illness. Skin biopsy specimen was diagnostic. ...
Thompson J - - 1976
During the past 11 years, 18 infants with gastroschisis abdominal wall defects have undergone surgical repair at the UCLA Hospital. Sixteen infants had skin flap closure in infancy. A gastrostomy was performed on all infants, and peripheral intravenous hyperalimentation was used in 14 of the 18 infants. Sixteen of the ...
Plueckhahn V D - - 1976
This paper reviews 81,756 live births and 858 infant deaths occurring during the years 1959 to 1969. Sixty-three instances of central nervous system vacuolation are reported. Prematurity is shown to be a necessary prerequisite for central nervous system vacuolation to occur during routine antiseptic skin care of newborn infants with ...
Goerttler L - - 1976
DMBA which is applied transmaternally via the mothers milk can initiate tumour cells in the F-1 generation. Subsequent application of the tumour promoter TPA to the back skin of the young animals induced the formation of skin papillomas and carcinomas. Animals treated according to this scheme also developed malignant neoplasms ...
Ramamurthy R S - - 1976
Newborn infants were observed with vesicopustular and pigmented macular skin lesions, which occurred more commonly in black and mature infants and which were distinct clinically and histopathologically from erythema toxicum. Histopathology of skin biopsies of the vesicopustules is characterized by polymorphonuclear infiltration. The lesions often present as, or evolve into, ...
Parkin J M - - 1976
A simple scoring system based on skin colour, skin texture, breast development, and ear firmness that can be performed even in an ill baby without manipulation or movement enables gestational age to be estimated to within +/- 15 days (95% confidence limits) at any time in the first 2 days ...
Takigawa M - - 1976
A Japanese girl aged 15 months had an eruption of 3 months' duration on the face, trunk, and extremities except for the palms and soles. The lesions were infiltrated papules varying from 2 to 3 mm in diameter. Blood eosinophilia of 5% was demonstrated. Skin biopsy specimen revealed a necrobiotic ...
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